CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 20 of 535

_id caadria2019_204
id caadria2019_204
authors Calixto, Victor, Gu, Ning and Celani, Gabriela
year 2019
title A Critical Framework of Smart Cities Development
source M. Haeusler, M. A. Schnabel, T. Fukuda (eds.), Intelligent & Informed - Proceedings of the 24th CAADRIA Conference - Volume 2, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand, 15-18 April 2019, pp. 685-694
summary This paper investigates through a review of the current literature on smart cities, reflecting different concepts across different political-social contexts, seeking to contribute to the establishment of a critical framework for smart cities development. The present work provides a review of the literature of 250 selected publications from four databases (Scielo, ScienceDirect, worldwide science, and Cumincad), covering the years from 2012 to 2018. Publications were categorised by the following steps: 3RC framework proposed by Kummitha and Crutzen (2017), the main political sectors of city planning, implementation strategies, computational techniques, and organisation rules. The information was analised graphically trying to identify tendencies along the time, and also, seeking to explore future possibilities for implementations in different political-social contexts. As a case of study, Australia and Brazil were compared using the proposed framework.
keywords smart city; smart cities; literature review
series CAADRIA
email arq.victorcalixto@gmail.com
last changed 2019/04/16 08:22

_id acadia12_47
id acadia12_47
authors Aish, Robert ; Fisher, Al ; Joyce, Sam ; Marsh, Andrew
year 2012
title Progress Towards Multi-Criteria Design Optimisation Using Designscript With Smart Form, Robot Structural Analysis and Ecotect Building Performance Analysis"
source ACADIA 12: Synthetic Digital Ecologies [Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-62407-267-3] San Francisco 18-21 October, 2012), pp. 47-56
summary Important progress towards the development of a system that enables multi-criteria design optimisation has recently been demonstrated during a research collaboration between Autodesk’s DesignScript development team, the University of Bath and the engineering consultancy Buro Happold. This involved integrating aspects of the Robot Structural Analysis application, aspects of the Ecotect building performance application and a specialist form finding solver called SMART Form (developed by Buro Happold) with DesignScript to create a single computation environment. This environment is intended for the generation and evaluation of building designs against both structural and building performance criteria, with the aim of expediently supporting computational optimisation and decision making processes that integrate across multiple design and engineering disciplines. A framework was developed to enable the integration of modeling environments with analysis and process control, based on the authors’ case studies and experience of applied performance driven design in practice. This more generalised approach (implemented in DesignScript) enables different designers and engineers to selectively configure geometry definition, form finding, analysis and simulation tools in an open-ended system without enforcing any predefined workflows or anticipating specific design strategies and allows for a full range of optimisation and decision making processes to be explored. This system has been demonstrated to practitioners during the Design Modeling Symposium, Berlin in 2011 and feedback from this has suggested further development.
keywords Design Optimisation , Scripting , Form Finding , Structural Analysis , Building Performance
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email robert.aish@autodesk.com
last changed 2013/01/09 10:06

_id ecaade2012_282
id ecaade2012_282
authors Andrade, Max ; Mendes, Leticia ; Godoi, Giovana ; Celani, Gabriela
year 2012
title Shape grammars for analyzing social housing: The case of Jardim São Francisco low-income housing development
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 451-458
summary This paper presents an analysis of Jardim São Francisco, a lowincome housing development in São Paulo, Brazil, using shape grammar as an analytical method. It is part of an ongoing research that aims at analyzing the different types of sitting in low-income housing developments and their consequences for public spaces. The fi nal objective is to propose a design method that allows designing better quality urban spaces in this type of development.
wos WOS:000330322400046
keywords Low-income housing; urban design; shape grammar
series eCAADe
email maxandrade@uol.com.br
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ecaade2012_006
id ecaade2012_006
authors Angulo, Antonieta ; Vermillion, Joshua
year 2012
title Strategic Thinking on the Redesign of a Foundational CAAD Course: Towards comprehensive training on digital design
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 29-37
summary The paper describes a new implementation of an existing course on digital design and its contribution to the curriculum of the undergraduate pre-professional architecture program at Ball State University. The strategic thinking behind the re-design of this course refl ects not only the need to update its content to reflect the state-of-the art in the domain but also responds to a diversifi ed context that exhibitschanging trends due to digital culture, use of digital media in learning and practice, and educational policy. The paper elaborates on these larger contextual elements and describes the new instructional methods implemented through a modular framework of assignments and a multi-layered delivery system. The paper concludes with a series of recommendations for the future improvement, constant assessment, and further development of the digital design course.
wos WOS:000330322400002
keywords Digital Design; Instructional Methods; Parametric Thinking; CAAD; Fabrication
series eCAADe
email aangulo@bsu.edu
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ijac201210406
id ijac201210406
authors Biswas, Tajin; Ramesh Krishnamurti
year 2012
title Data Sharing for Sustainable Building Assessment
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 10 - no. 4, 555-574
summary Sustainable design assessment requires information, which is aggregated from different phases of a building design, and evaluated according to criteria specified in a ‘sustainable building rating system.’ In the architecture engineering and construction (AEC) domain much of the necessary information is available through open source data standards such as Industry Foundation Classes (IFC). However, no single standard that provides support for sustainability assessment completely suffices as a data structure. This paper explores the augmentation of the Construction Operations Building information exchange (COBie) model, as an intermediary data structure, to bridge between requirements of the Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) rating system and a building information model. Development of a general framework for data sharing and information management for LEED assessments is illustrated through an implementation of a prototype using functional databases.The prototype checks and augments available data as needed, which is used to populate LEED submission templates.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id ascaad2012_022
id ascaad2012_022
authors Borham, Ahmad; Lobna Sherif and Osama Tolba
year 2012
title Resilient Rules - Culture and Computation in Traditional Built Environments
source CAAD | INNOVATION | PRACTICE [6th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2012 / ISBN 978-99958-2-063-3], Manama (Kingdom of Bahrain), 21-23 February 2012, pp. 211-221
summary This study explores the influence of the socio-cultural rules, based upon Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh), on the complexity of the traditional built environment. This system of rules organized the societal activities, including decisions and activities related to design and construction in the Arab-Islamic city. Considering the city as a complex system, the study will try to show how this rules system made the Arab-Islamic city resilient and adaptive. Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS) are non-linear, self-organizing systems that have the ability to adapt to changing conditions through changing the rules that organize the random autonomous interactions between agents in the environment. This adaptation takes place through gradual gained experience that is reflected in the behavior of agents. This study attempts to interrelate different bodies of literature (Complexity/Chaos theory and built environment studies) in a single framework that aims to show that the socio-cultural rules system based on fiqh was a major factor in the resilience of the traditional built environment. These interrelations are illustrated using a graph called Computational Rules Graph (CRG). The CRG relates the traditional rules system to attributes of complex systems in a graph that can be modeled computationally. Traditional rules (codes of conduct) are proscriptive (non-deterministic), defining what is prohibited, thereby producing autonomous environments where agents had control over their immediate environment. In comparison, contemporary rules of the built environment (building codes) are prescriptive (deterministic), subscribing definite actions that need to take place by the stake-holder (agent) neglecting user needs and preferences. The application of these traditional rules system increased the agent’s autonomy and freedom of action. It also helped establish stronger social networks among agents, which resulted in a resilient environment.
series ASCAAD
email vaborhamz@gmail.com
more http://www.ascaad.org/conference/2012/papers/ascaad2012_022.pdf
last changed 2012/05/15 18:46

_id acadia12_325
id acadia12_325
authors Chronis, Angelos ; Tsigkari, Martha ; Davis, Adam ; Aish, Francis
year 2012
title Design Systems, Ecology, and Time Angelos Chronis, Martha Tsigkari, Adam Davis, Francis Aish"
source ACADIA 12: Synthetic Digital Ecologies [Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-62407-267-3] San Francisco 18-21 October, 2012), pp. 325-332
summary Discussion of architecture in ecological terms usually focuses on the spatial and material dimensions of design practice. Yet there is an equally critical temporal dimension in ecology that is just as relevant to design. At the micro scale is the question of 'real time' feedback from our design systems. At the macro scale is the issue of sustainability, in other words long term -- and potentially disastrous -- feedback from terrestrial ecosystems. In between are numerous different units for quantizing time in design and computation. In this paper, we examine some of these units -- 'real time', 'design time', 'development time' -- to suggest how they interact with the ecology of design technology and practice. We contextualize this discussion by reference to relevant literature from the field of ecology and to our work applying custom design and analysis tools on architectural projects within a large interdisciplinary design practice.
keywords real time feedback , performance driven design , integration
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email achronis@fosterandpartners.com
last changed 2013/01/09 10:06

_id ascaad2012_003
id ascaad2012_003
authors Elseragy, Ahmed
year 2012
title Creative Design Between Representation and Simulation
source CAAD | INNOVATION | PRACTICE [6th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2012 / ISBN 978-99958-2-063-3], Manama (Kingdom of Bahrain), 21-23 February 2012, pp. 11-12
summary Milestone figures of architecture all have their different views on what comes first, form or function. They also vary in their definitions of creativity. Apparently, creativity is very strongly related to ideas and how they can be generated. It is also correlated with the process of thinking and developing. Creative products, whether architectural or otherwise, and whether tangible or intangible, are originated from ‘good ideas’ (Elnokaly, Elseragy and Alsaadani, 2008). On one hand, not any idea, or any good idea, can be considered creative but, on the other hand, any creative result can be traced back to a good idea that initiated it in the beginning (Goldschmit and Tatsa, 2005). Creativity in literature, music and other forms of art is immeasurable and unbounded by constraints of physical reality. Musicians, painters and sculptors do not create within tight restrictions. They create what becomes their own mind’s intellectual property, and viewers or listeners are free to interpret these creations from whichever angle they choose. However, this is not the case with architects, whose creations and creative products are always bound with different physical constraints that may be related to the building location, social and cultural values related to the context, environmental performance and energy efficiency, and many more (Elnokaly, Elseragy and Alsaadani, 2008). Remarkably, over the last three decades computers have dominated in almost all areas of design, taking over the burden of repetitive tasks so that the designers and students can focus on the act of creation. Computer aided design has been used for a long time as a tool of drafting, however in this last decade this tool of representation is being replaced by simulation in different areas such as simulation of form, function and environment. Thus, the crafting of objects is moving towards the generation of forms and integrated systems through designer-authored computational processes. The emergence and adoption of computational technologies has significantly changed design and design education beyond the replacement of drawing boards with computers or pens and paper with computer-aided design (CAD) computer-aided engineering (CAE) applications. This paper highlights the influence of the evolving transformation from Computer Aided Design (CAD) to Computational Design (CD) and how this presents a profound shift in creative design thinking and education. Computational-based design and simulation represent new tools that encourage designers and artists to continue progression of novel modes of design thinking and creativity for the 21st century designers. Today computational design calls for new ideas that will transcend conventional boundaries and support creative insights through design and into design. However, it is still believed that in architecture education one should not replace the design process and creative thinking at early stages by software tools that shape both process and final product which may become a limitation for creative designs to adapt to the decisions and metaphors chosen by the simulation tool. This paper explores the development of Computer Aided Design (CAD) to Computational Design (CD) Tools and their impact on contemporary design education and creative design.
series ASCAAD
email ahmed.elseragy@aast.edu
more http://www.ascaad.org/conference/2012/papers/ascaad2012_003.pdf
last changed 2012/05/15 18:46

_id ascaad2012_002
id ascaad2012_002
authors Maher, Mary Lou
year 2012
title Designing CAAD for Creativity
source CAAD | INNOVATION | PRACTICE [6th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2012 / ISBN 978-99958-2-063-3], Manama (Kingdom of Bahrain), 21-23 February 2012, pp. 7-9
summary Can we design CAAD to enhance creativity? CAAD is often considered a tool that assists architects in design by managing documentation and facilitating visualization. While there has been anecdotal concern that CAAD inhibits creativity, there is empirical evidence that CAAD can enhance creativity. The challenge is to develop principles for designing CAAD for creativity based on theoretical and empirical research on recognizing and enhancing individual and distributed creative cognition. This presentation describes three concepts that can lead to principles for designing CAAD to enhance human creativity: recognition, perception, and diversity. // 1. Recognition: A framework for recognizing and evaluating creative design, shown in Figure 1, is developed based on research in psychology and design science that includes novelty, value, and surprise. This framework provides a basis for comparing and evaluating the impact of CAAD on creativity. 2. Perception: Perception affects cognition and therefore interaction design is a critical component of designing CAAD for creativity. The results of an empirical study, shown in Figure 2, using a protocol analysis find that changing perception to include tangible user interfaces has a positive effect on creative cognition. These results lead to design principles for increasing perceptual modalities in future CAAD systems. 3. Diversity: A theoretical framework for social and collective intelligence in design show how an increase in cognitive diversity leads to an increase in innovation. Using this framework we can develop design processes that combine the benefits of individual, team, and crowdsourced design ideas, as shown in Figure 3.
series ASCAAD
type keynote paper
email marylou.maher@sydney.edu.au
more http://www.ascaad.org/conference/2012/papers/ascaad2012_002.pdf
last changed 2012/05/15 18:46

_id ecaade2012_238
id ecaade2012_238
authors Neuenschwander, Noemi ; Hayek, Ulrike Wissen ; Grêt-Regamey, Adrienne
year 2012
title Integrated Multi-Criteria Modeling and 3D Visualization for Informed Trade-Off Decision Making on Urban Development Options
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. .203-211
summary Cities all over the world are faced with growing population pressure and are challenged by decreasing environmental quality. Development strategies and planning processes often fail to involve local environment knowledge. We present an approach to integrate environmental aspects into a two-step urban modeling framework, generating 3D visualizations from GIS-based and procedural modeling. The dynamic nature of this approach provides considerable support for transdisciplinary communication processes in urban planning.
wos WOS:000330322400020
keywords Procedural modeling; generic urban pattern design; understanding ecosystem services; multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA); GIS-based modeling
series eCAADe
email neuenschwander@nsl.ethz.ch
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ecaade2013r_010
id ecaade2013r_010
authors Pinto, Guilherme; Vieira, Andrea P.; Neto, Pedro L.
year 2013
title Parametric urbanism as digital methodology. An urban plan in Beijing
source FUTURE TRADITIONS [1st eCAADe Regional International Workshop Proceedings / ISBN 978-989-8527-03-5], University of Porto, Faculty of Architecture (Portugal), 4-5 April 2013, pp. 121-132
summary Evolution and innovation in architecture are intensely related to the rise and developments of technology. Within this context, it is possible to recognize how in recent decades this milieu has fostered the development of new methodologies for urban design and architectural practice, as is, for example, the Parameterization. This paper is focused on the subject of Parametric Urbanism: discussing / questioning the emergence of this new architectural methodology; addressing the factors that contributed to its appearance; and seeking to understand whether the parametric approach has benefits and whether it may or may not be a solution or of assistance to urban planning. The paper provides a brief literature review focused on parametric urbanism and then it presents a practical case study of parametric urbanism: an Urban Plan in Beijing, developed in an academic context, at the University École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne in 2012. Having as base diverse examples of parametric urbanism, it is tried to identify/justify decisions defining principles and application guidance for this project. The conclusion presents the final considerations based on opposing the case study with the theoretical approach, seeking to clarify whether this new kind of urban design methodology, Parametric Urbanism, is or not viable.
keywords Parametric Urbanism; urban design; urban design methods; sustainability urbanism; Parametric digital tools
email guilherme_pinto1@hotmail.com
last changed 2013/10/07 17:08

_id ecaade2012_256
id ecaade2012_256
authors Steinfeld, Kyle ; Schiavon, Stefano ; Moon, Dustin
year 2012
title Open Graphic Evaluative Frameworks: A climate analysis tool based on an open web-based weather data visualization platform
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 675-682.
summary Buildings are the world’s largest consumer of energy, accounting for 34% of total use. In the United States residential and commercial buildings are responsible for 72% of electricity use and 40% of CO2 emissions. In order to reduce the impact of buildings on the environment and to utilize freely available environmental resources, building design must be based on site climate conditions, e.g. solar radiation and air temperature. This paper presents a web-based framework that enables the production of user-generated visualizations of weather data. The Open Graphic Evaluative Framework (Open GEF) was developed using the Graphic Evaluative Frameworks (GEF) approach to authoring design-assistant software, which is more appropriate than the now dominant ‘generalized design tool’ approach when supporting design processes that require a high level of calibration to the cyclic and acyclic shifting of environmental resources. Building on previous work that outlined the theoretical underpinnings and basic methodology of the GEF approach, technical specifi cations are presented here for the implementation of a Java driven web-based visualization platform. By enabling more nuanced and customizable views of weather data, the software offers designers an exploratory framework rather than a highly directed tool. Open GEF facilitates design processes more highly calibrated to climatic fl ows that could reduce the overall impact of buildings in the environment.
wos WOS:000330322400071
keywords Visualization; Sustainable architectural design; Climate analysis; Weather data
series eCAADe
email ksteinfe@berkeley.edu
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ijac201210402
id ijac201210402
authors Toth, Bianca; Patrick Janssen, Rudi Stouffs, et al.
year 2012
title Custom Digital Workflows: A New Framework for Design Analysis Integration
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 10 - no. 4, 481-500
summary Flexible information exchange is critical to successful design-analysis integration, but current top-down, standards-based and model-oriented strategies impose restrictions that contradict this flexibility. In this article we present a bottom-up, user-controlled and process-oriented approach to linking design and analysis applications that is more responsive to the varied needs of designers and design teams. Drawing on research into scientific workflows, we present a framework for integration that capitalises on advances in cloud computing to connect discrete tools via flexible and distributed process networks.We then discuss how a shared mapping process that is flexible and user friendly supports non-programmers in creating these custom connections. Adopting a services-oriented system architecture, we propose a web- based platform that enables data, semantics and models to be shared on the fly.We then discuss potential challenges and opportunities for its development as a flexible, visual, collaborative, scalable and open system.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id caadria2012_040
id caadria2012_040
authors Toth, Bianca; Stefan Boeykens, Andre Chaszar, Patrick Janssen and Rudi Stouffs
year 2012
title Custom digital workflows: A new framework for design analysis integration
source Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Chennai 25-28 April 2012, pp. 163–172
summary Flexible information exchange is critical to successful design integration, but current top-down, standards-based and model-oriented strategies impose restrictions that are contradictory to this flexibility. In this paper we present a bottom-up, user-controlled and process-oriented approach to linking design and analysis applications that is more responsive to the varied needs of designers and design teams. Drawing on research into scientific workflows, we present a framework for integration that capitalises on advances in cloud computing to connect discrete tools via flexible and distributed process networks. Adopting a services-oriented system architecture, we propose a web-based platform that enables data, semantics and models to be shared on the fly. We discuss potential challenges and opportunities for the development thereof as a flexible, visual, collaborative, scalable and open system.
keywords Visual dataflow modelling; design processes; interoperability; simulation integration; cloud-based systems
series CAADRIA
email bianca.toth@qut.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/29 07:34

_id ecaade2012_230
id ecaade2012_230
authors Tsiliakos, Marios
year 2012
title Swarm Materiality: A multi-agent approach to stress driven material organization
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 301-309
summary This paper sets out to introduce and explore a computational tool, thus a methodological framework, for simulating stress driven material growth and organization by employing a multi-agent system based in swarm intelligence algorithms. It consists of an ongoing investigation that underlies the intention for the material system to be perceived as design itself. The algorithm, developed in the programming language Processing, is operating in a bottom-up manner where components and data fl ows are self-organized into design outputs. An evaluation process, via testing on different design cases, is providing a coherent understanding on the system’s capacity to address an acceptable, within the “state-of-the-art” context, solution to material optimization and innovative form-finding. The analysis of the exported data is followed by a possible reconfi guration of the algorithm’s structure and further development by introducing new elements.
wos WOS:000330322400030
keywords Swarm-intelligence; stress; material-organization; biomimetics; processing
series eCAADe
email m.tsiliakos@gmail.com
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ecaade2012_138
id ecaade2012_138
authors Veliz, Alejandro; Kocaturk, Tuba; Medjdoub, Benachir; Balbo, Riccardo
year 2012
title Dialogs Between Physical and Digital Modelling Methods on Architectural Design
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-3-7, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 281-289
summary As the current digitally-mediated architectural practice evolves, architectural models, regardless of their expressiveness or type, are a way to craft the interaction between the designer and the designed object. Models become artefacts that engage on a continuous interaction with the designer via different media, interpretation and knowledge retrieval schemes, organizational fl ows and tools. These interactions have recently been facilitated by the use of physical and digital production and analysis methods. In this report, we introduce a novel understanding of the relationships between physical and digital modelling techniques. We propose an updated framework that allocates these relationships into four categories: directed production, non-directed production, dual modelling, and mixed modelling. A review of different modelling classifications and frameworks is presented and exemplary case studies from the design domain are introduced for each category.
wos WOS:000330320600028
keywords Architectural modelling; interreality systems; CAAD tools and artefacts; grounded theory
series eCAADe
email A.Veliz@edu.salford.ac.uk
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ascaad2012_024
id ascaad2012_024
authors Abeer, Samy Yousef Mohamed
year 2012
title Sustainable Design and Construction: New Approaches Towards Sustainable Manufacturing
source CAAD | INNOVATION | PRACTICE [6th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2012 / ISBN 978-99958-2-063-3], Manama (Kingdom of Bahrain), 21-23 February 2012, pp. 241-251
summary Ecological and environmental issues are playing an important and larger role in corporate and manufacturing strategies. For complete creative design process, buildings require both for construction and manufacturing, due to their comparatively long life cycle for maintenance, significant raw material and energy resources. Thinking in terms of product life cycles is one of the challenges facing manufacturers today. “Life Cycle Management” (LCM) considers the product life cycle as a whole and optimizes the interaction of product design, construction, manufacturing and life cycle activities. The goal of this approach is to protect resources and maximize the effectiveness during usage by means of Life Cycle Assessment, Product Data Management, Technical Support and last but not least by Life Cycle Costing. In this paper the environmental consciousness issues pertaining to design, construction, manufacturing and operations management are presented through computer intelligent technologies of this 21century. So, this paper shows the existing approaches of LCM and discusses their visions and further development.
series ASCAAD
email drabeersamy@yahoo.com
more http://www.ascaad.org/conference/2012/papers/ascaad2012_024.pdf
last changed 2012/05/15 18:46

_id sigradi2012_223
id sigradi2012_223
authors Alvarado, Rodrigo Garcia; Mardones, Oscar Otárola
year 2012
title Eco-losas: desarrollo de componentes constructivos más eficientes por análisis topológico y diseño paramétrico. [Eco-slabs: development of more efficient building components by topological analysis and parametric design]
source SIGraDi 2012 [Proceedings of the 16th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Brasil - Fortaleza 13-16 November 2012, pp. 630-632
summary It exposes a design and construction system for horizontal plates to work as slabs in regular concrete buildings. Based to an evolutionary finite-element analysis of the topological configuration to get a curved design with a 50% reduction of traditional volume, that provide lower cost, less carbon foot-print, better performance and innovative ceiling. A library of profiles is elaborated according different loads, support and dimensions and implemented in a parametric design system, in order to produce geometries for study theirs integration in the building and to elaborate digital fabrication files. Different constructive strategies are been studied, making several prototypes.
keywords Losas, Análisis Topológico, Diseño Paramétrico, Fabricación Digital
series SIGRADI
email rgarcia@ubiobio.cl
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id caadria2012_132
id caadria2012_132
authors Baerlecken, Daniel and David Duncan
year 2012
title Junk: Design build studio
source Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Chennai 25-28 April 2012, pp. 305–314
summary The paper presents a design build studio that investigates the role of waste as building material and develops a proposal for an installation that uses CAAD and CAM tools in combination with traditional fabrication tools to design and build an installation out of waste materials. The paper describes the concept development and the construction process through the help of computational tools. Recycling is in the process of becoming an integral part of sustainable architecture. However, there are very few digital design projects that use re-used or recycled materials in combination with their architectural and aesthetic qualities and potentials. The potential of such an investigation is explored within a design build studio. What is junk? What is a building material? What are the aesthetics of junk?
keywords Education in CAAD; digital fabrication and construction; practice-based and interdisciplinary CAAD; parametric modelling
series CAADRIA
email dbaerlecken3@mail.gatech.edu
last changed 2012/05/29 07:34

_id ecaade2012_5
id ecaade2012_5
authors Biloria, Nimish; Chang, Jia-Rey
year 2012
title HyperCell: A Bio-Inspired Information Design Framework for Real-Time Adaptive Spatial Components
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-3-7, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 573-581
summary Contemporary explorations within the evolutionary computational domain have been heavily instrumental in exploring biological processes of adaptation, growth and mutation. On the other hand a plethora of designers owing to the increasing sophistication in computer aided design software are equally enthused by the formal aspects of biological organisms and are thus meticulously involved in form driven design developments. This focus on top-down appearance and surface condition based design development under the banner of organic architecture in essence contributes to the growing misuse of bio-inspired design and the inherent meaning associated with the terminology. HyperCell, a bio-inspired information design framework for real-time adaptive spatial components, is an ongoing research, at Hyperbody, TU Delft, which focuses on extrapolating bottom-up generative design and real-time interaction based adaptive spatial re-use logics by understanding processes of adaptation, multi-performance and self sustenance in natural systems. Evolutionary developmental biology is considered as a theoretical basis for this research.
wos WOS:000330320600061
keywords Adaptation; Swarms; Evo-Devo; Simulation: Cellular component
series eCAADe
email N.M.Biloria@tudelft.nl
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

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