CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ecaade2013r_008
id ecaade2013r_008
authors Gargaro, Silvia; Fioravanti, Stefano
year 2013
title Traditions based on context. How context ontologies can help archaeological sites.
source FUTURE TRADITIONS [1st eCAADe Regional International Workshop Proceedings / ISBN 978-989-8527-03-5], University of Porto, Faculty of Architecture (Portugal), 4-5 April 2013, pp. 105-114
summary Nowadays ICT tools are part of the cultural tradition of designers and over time have replaced pencil and paper in design development. The application programs for design are many and for different purposes, but the role and importance of Context often are underestimated. For new tradition, it needs “Context Knowledge Model” based on ontologies for the management of buildings and preservation and enhancement of cultural heritage with technological innovation. Context modeling gives the opportunity to address the management of pre-existing building in a conscious way. The interoperability of data and knowledge of Context is important to analyze the quality of building process. This is based on standard concepts of the project for the recovery and restoration of the buildings starting from knowledge of context. The goal of this research is to exploit information technology to advance and define knowledge of context monitoring, management and maintenance of historic buildings. The representation of context is important to understand physical, social, economic and normative Context in which the building was placed. The process used to analyze Context entities were Ontologies. This theoretical model will be applied to underground archaeological Roman sites, to implement semantic levels in IFC and BIM for building design.
keywords Archaeological sites, Collaborative design, Context, Ontology, Design Process
email silvia.gargaro@uniroma1.it
last changed 2013/10/07 17:08

_id cf2013_267
id cf2013_267
authors Kim, Kyoung-Hee and Seung-Hoon Han
year 2013
title Integrated Design Process: Sustainable Fa¸cade Fabrication
source Global Design and Local Materialization[Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 978-3-642-38973-3] Shanghai, China, July 3-5, 2013, pp. 267-273.
summary Interoperability and integration between design, analysis and fabrication in architectural practice allow building façade systems to be increasingly complex and non-standard. As customized building façade systems increase in contemporary buildings, it is important to adopt the integrated design process that aids problem solving and design-making in façade design. The primary goal of this study is to explore the integrated design process that incorporates building information modeling and parametric performance analysis tools in order to understand sustainability opportunities in sustainable façade fabrication. The integration of building information modeling (BIM) and parametric performance analysis tools poses a unique design process whose resolution has the potential to improve sustainability in built environment and façade fabrication efficiency. This paper uses an academic design research project, the Reading Pavilion located in the UNC Charlotte campus, as a case study to investigate the integrated design process of a building façade system, which was supported by quantitative data using BIM, parametric performance analysis, and rapid prototyping tools.
keywords Integrated design process, building information modeling, parametric performance analysis, high performance façade.
series CAAD Futures
email kkim33@uncc.edu
last changed 2014/03/24 06:08

_id sigradi2013_400
id sigradi2013_400
authors Sanguinetti, Paola
year 2013
title Performance Testing in Architectural Design: Evolving the Problem-Solving Paradigm for Novice Designers
source SIGraDi 2013 [Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Chile - Valparaíso 20 - 22 November 2013, pp. 520 - 523
summary This paper compares two approaches to introduce novice architectural designers to computational tools for performance testing. Focus is placed on parametric design changes to test solutions. The first approach is limited to the design of a shading component. The second approach consists of short exercises using Building Information Modeling to test and analyze discrete decisions. The hurdles in the learning process are discussed, including the role of visualization to evaluate performance. The effectiveness on learning strategies is discussed.
keywords Design education; BIM; Performance-based design; Novice designer; Design problem-solving
series SIGRADI
email paolas@ku.edu
last changed 2016/03/10 08:59

_id sigradi2014_070
id sigradi2014_070
authors Velandia, Diego Alejandro
year 2014
title Proyecto 100/100: experiencia de modelado paramétrico como una opción adaptable de BIM para países en desarrollo [100/100 Project: an experience of parametric modeling as a flexible option of BIM for developing countries]
source SiGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 365-369
summary Quality observatory of new housing was created by a collaborative effort between the University of the Andes and Prodesa (building company). From 2005 to 2014 about 800 new housing projects have been evaluated whose results evidenced quality problems. In 2013, a new housing project, which integrated quality criteria from the quality observatory, was commissioned to Universidad de los Andes by Prodesa. Parametric modeling was proposed and applied as a useful tool in the variables integration and the decision making process, to integrate and guarantee quality.
keywords BIM; housing; parametric
series SIGRADI
email dvelandi@uniandes.edu.co
last changed 2016/03/10 09:02

_id sigradi2013_260
id sigradi2013_260
authors Wandersleben, Gerth; Rodrigo García Alvarado; Claudio Labarca Montoya; Cristian Muñoz Viveros
year 2013
title Visualización de Desempeños Ambientales de Viviendas en BIM [Visualization of Housing Environmental Performances in BIM]
source SIGraDi 2013 [Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Chile - Valparaíso 20 - 22 November 2013, pp. 120 - 123
summary In order to promote a sustainable design in building information modeling systems (BIM), it proposes a color-code to mark the volume and rooms according geometric relationships defined by parametric environmental simulations. For suggest the estimated performance of the building and sectors, and encourage design adjustments to reduce energy demands with proper comfort. This approach is applied to single housing in temperate-humid climate based on records and analysis carried on in Concepción, Chile. Like a visual aid for designers to improve environmental performance of buildings.
keywords Building Information Modeling (BIM); Building Performance Simulation (BPS); Integrated Design; Housing
series SIGRADI
email gerthwwm@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 09:03

_id sigradi2013_303
id sigradi2013_303
authors Zalamea, Esteban; Rodrigo García Alvarado; Maureen Trebilcock Kelly; Paulina Wegertseder; Sergio Baeriswyl; Laline Cenci
year 2013
title Estimación Integrada de Captación Energética Solar en SIG-BIM [Integrated Assessment of Solar Energy Capture in SIG-BIM]
source SIGraDi 2013 [Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Chile - Valparaíso 20 - 22 November 2013, pp. 348 - 352
summary The use of solar energy in buildings requires defining proper systems according to different urban typologies. This paper presents a strategy for assessment in Geographic Information Systems (GIS), and a parametric analysis of an detached housing typology in Building Information Modeling (BIM), which demonstrates an integrated approach to estimate solar energy potential, applied to the context of Concepción, Chile. Residential areas are identified with different energy consumption and solar capture in roofs, walls or outside space recorded in a urban GIS, and checks the architectural implementation of a roofing system in residential buildings through an integrated evaluation and design in BIM.
keywords Solar energy; BIM; GIS; Housing
series SIGRADI
email estebanfzl@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 09:03

_id sigradi2013_138
id sigradi2013_138
authors Dezen-Kempter, Eloisa
year 2013
title Diálogos Digitais: Integração entre Dados Documentais em Sistemas de Informação Baseados no Modelo para Conservação do Patrimônio Arquitetônico [Digital Dialogues: Integration of Documentary Data in Model-Based Information Systems for the conservation of the architectural heritage]
source SIGraDi 2013 [Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Chile - Valparaíso 20 - 22 November 2013, pp. 293 - 296
summary The architectural documentation plays a key role in the preservation of built heritage, as both support decision making in intervention projects, restoration and rehabilitation, such as the actions of preventive conservation. Building Information Modeling seems to be the adequate environment to assemble huge amounts of data. The aim of this research is to develop the integration of quantitative data (smart objects, performance data) and qualitative (photographs and historical documents) in model-based information, such as BIM, to be used in surveying, planning and control of interventions in historic buildings.
keywords BIM; Architectural Conservation databases; Interoperability
series SIGRADI
email elo@ft.unicamp.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id ecaade2013_028
id ecaade2013_028
authors Fricker, Pia; Girot, Christophe and Munkel, Georg
year 2013
title How to Teach ‘New Tools’ in Landscape Architecture in the Digital Overload
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 2, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 545-553
summary The central theme of the paper is the introduction of hands-on tools showing the integration of information technology within a postgraduate study program (MAS LA) for landscape architects. What has already become a part of the discourse in the field of architecture – generic design – is now also finding more resonance in the context of large-scale landscape architectural design. If one studies the educational backgrounds of landscape architects, however, they often do not match the same standard as those of architects. A solid background in the area of innovative use of information technology, especially computer-assisted design and CAD/CAM construction is only at a preliminary state at most universities. The critical arguments in the choice of the selected medium and the building up of a continuous digital chain stand here in the forefront. The aim is not to improve the quality of the landscape design based on the variety of the applied tools, but rather through the sensible use of the said. Reflections as well as questions of method and theory stand at the forefront of our efforts. 
wos WOS:000340643600055
keywords Design tool development; computational design research and teaching; new design concepts and strategies; parametric and evolutionary design.
series eCAADe
email fricker@arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2013_208
id caadria2013_208
authors Kim, Jong Bum; Mark J. Clayton and Wei Yan
year 2013
title Parameterize Urban Design Codes with BIM and Object-Oriented Programming
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 33-42
summary There has been a significant need for the new urban design apparatus that carries out performance analyses of the urban models, since the code reform movements focused on the sustainable urban developments. This research explores the use of parametric Building Information Modeling to enable stakeholders to intuitively understand the implications and consequences of urban design codes. We investigate whether key regulations can be captured as algorithms and ontologies in parametric BIM and Object-Oriented Programming. Then we present our prototype of parametric urban models in a BIM platform that explains (1) the extent which urban design code information can be parameterized in BIM and (2) the methods how parametric models can hold code information. The results show that our prototype enables real-time manipulations of code requirements and interactive visualization of code allowances.  
wos WOS:000351496100004
keywords Parametric modelling, BIM, Object-oriented programming, Urban design codes 
series CAADRIA
email jongbum.kim.coa@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2013_063
id caadria2013_063
authors Markova, Stanimira; Andreas Dieckmann and Peter Russell
year 2013
title Custom IFC Material Extension – Extending IFC for Parametric Sustainable Building Design
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 13-22
summary The enormous variety of design systems and data formats utilised by the actors in the building design process has been recognised as a significant challenge for information exchange and project management. The introduction of the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) data standard as a paradigm shift has opened a first time opportunity for smooth data and information exchange over the full range of design related parameters and processes, reaching beyond the classical constructional, economic and safety-related requirements. Moreover, IFC allows for the extension of the standard in further areas, corresponding to the specific design, project or client requirements. These user-driven extensions often close an important gap of the IFC standard and can subsequently be imbedded in new releases of the IFC data standard. This paper is focused on the extension of IFC for the purposes of controlling and managing material use, increasing material efficiency and closing material cycles over the life cycle of a building. Material efficiency is defined by the design scopes of material recyclability, element reusability and waste reduction. The practical implications of the data format extension and design-check performance are examined on the level of the data model and, subsequently, on the level of proprietary Building Information Modelling (BIM) software, based on a pre-defined case.  
wos WOS:000351496100002
keywords Material efficient building design, IFC, Parametric design, Semantic design, BIM 
series CAADRIA
email smarkova@caad.arch.rwth-aachen.de
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013_087
id ecaade2013_087
authors Mostafavi, Sina; Morales Beltran, Mauricio and Biloria, Nimish
year 2013
title Performance Driven Design and Design Information Exchange
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 2, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 117-126
summary This paper presents a performance driven computational design methodology through introducing a case on parametric structural design. The paper describes the process of design technology development and frames a design methodology through which engineering, -in this case structural- aspects of architectural design could become more understandable, traceable and implementable by designers for dynamic and valid performance measurements and estimations. The research further embeds and customizes the process of topology optimization for specific design problems, in this case applied to the design of truss structures, for testing how the discretized results of Finite Elements Analysis in topology optimization can become the inputs for designing optimal trussed beams or cantilevers alternatives. The procedures of design information exchange between generative, simulative and evaluative modules for approaching the abovementioned engineering and design deliverables are developed and discussed in this paper.
wos WOS:000340643600011
keywords Performance driven design; design information; design technology; topology optimization; parametric design.
series eCAADe
email s.mostafavi@tudelft.nl
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013r_019
id ecaade2013r_019
authors Portugal, Vasco
year 2013
title Knowledge-based methodology for architectural robotics fabrication. Real time impact assessment through a process flow analysis software
source FUTURE TRADITIONS [1st eCAADe Regional International Workshop Proceedings / ISBN 978-989-8527-03-5], University of Porto, Faculty of Architecture (Portugal), 4-5 April 2013, pp. 229-236
summary The main goal of the project is to generate a framework for a knowledge-based-methodology (KBM) within a parametric software. This is accomplished through a combination of the design software and robot simulation with real-time assessment based on a process-flow-diagram (PFD) structure that compiles the main environmental parameters of the manufacture process. The intention is to create a methodology to directly report the impact of the manufacture of a specific design, from the materials embodied energy to the energy consumption of each step. This framework provides valuable information which may monitor the developer towards alterations to increase the CAD/CAM performance. In the context of this paper, this methodology was applied in the conceptual design and manufacture of a housing structural insulated panel prototype using parametric design software and robotic equipment. The purpose is to generate a quasi-automated design process linked with real-time analysis and assessment of the fabrication process, offering real time environmental and cost analysis of a panelized structure house manufacture logic. The suggested methodology outputs information to compare and optimize the manufacture outline, and supports the screening and assortment of appropriate tool paths or combination of fabrication tools based on environmental/cost data, user-specified requirements and context characteristics.
keywords CAD/CAM; Parametric design; Robotics in Architecture; Process flow diagrams
email vascopt@mit.edu
last changed 2013/10/07 17:08

_id acadia13_101
id acadia13_101
authors Rahmani Asl, Mohammad; Zarrinmehr, Saied; Yan, Wei
year 2013
title Towards BIM-based Parametric Building Energy Performance Optimization
source ACADIA 13: Adaptive Architecture [Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5] Cambridge 24-26 October, 2013), pp. 101-108
summary The demand for sustainable buildings with minimal environmental impact and efficient energy use is increasing. The most effective design decisions for sustainable design can be made in the early design phases, but appropriate tools to explore design alternatives and understand their impacts on building energy performance are not available at this stage of the project. The integration of Building Information Modeling (BIM) and parametric modeling is the new trend of building modeling, which can greatly benefit sustainable building design. This research introduces an innovative tool to facilitate integrated parametric BIM and to enhance its applications towards creative, sustainable building design through simulation and optimization. The created tool, Revit2GBSOpt, integrates parametric BIM and building energy performance simulation and enables designers to generate alternative options in BIM to explore the energy performance simulation results automatically. Finding the optimized solution, the BIM model will be updated.
keywords Tools and Interface, Building Information Modeling (BIM), Parametric Simulation, Performance-based Design, Sustainable Design
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email mra1242@tamu.edu
last changed 2014/08/29 07:36

_id ecaade2013_262
id ecaade2013_262
authors Rolando, Andrea and D’Uva, Domenico
year 2013
title Hyperdomes
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 2, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 315-324
summary The development of new shapes in architecture has deeply influenced the current perception of the built environment. The analysis of the processes behind this evolution is, therefore, of great interest. At least two well known factors, influencing this development, may be pointed out: the great improvement of digital tools and the tendency toward building distinctiveness.In particular, the innovation of digital tools such as parametric modeling is resulting in an overall diffusion of complex shapes, and the phenomenon is also evident in a clear expressionistic search for architectural singularity, that some might consider as a negative effect of globalization trends.Though, if we can consider as a positive result the fact that parameterization allows a deeper control over design factors in terms of reference to cultural, historical and physical context, at the same time such control possibilities are sometimes so stark to be even auto-referential, stepping over site-specific parameterization, to create unusual shapes just for the sake of complexity.The ever-growing diffusion of generative design processes is in fact going to transform niche procedures, frequently limited to temporary decontextualized structures, into an architectural complexification as an end in itself.The hypothesis of this paper is to demonstrate that site-specific parametrization can be considered as a tool able to translate intentions into shape; it is necessary, for this aim, the widening of the meaning of the word singularity.
wos WOS:000340643600032
keywords Urban environment; distinctiveness; non-standard roofing structures.
series eCAADe
email doduva@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2013_223
id caadria2013_223
authors Schimek, Heimo; Albert Wiltsche, Markus Manahl and Christoph Pfaller
year 2013
title Full Scale Prototyping – Logistic and Construction Challenges Realising Digitally Designed Timber Prototypes
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 653-662
summary This paper reports on the final stage of a research project with the realization of a real scale prototype and ties an empirical finale to the project, which started as a fundamental research project three years ago. The scope of this research project was to explore new ways, how Non-Standard Architecture can be build with standard building elements using contemporary building processes and materials resource efficiently. Mass Customization and File to Factory, concepts where a continuous digital workflow is applied, were fundamental to our approach. Within this framework we developed generic parametric details and made them part of the whole process from the beginning of the design to the manufacturing. The present paper describes a strategy for the assembly of a large prototype, consisting of approximately 50 flat timber panels that are being assembled to a structure of the size of a small house. The paper focuses especially on the customized falsework, we designed for the construction of the prototype, which became a crucial part of the assembling process besides the assembly of the actual prototype.  
wos WOS:000351496100064
keywords Digital fabrication and construction, Precedence and prototypes, Mass customization 
series CAADRIA
email office@schimek-architektur.at
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2013_000
id caadria2013_000
authors Stouffs, Rudi; Patrick Janssen, Stanislav Roudavski and Bige Tunçer (eds.)
year 2013
title Open Systems
source Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2012, 977 p.
summary Contemporary challenges require inclusively integrated approaches to designing. Constrained by established modes of practice, such integration is impossible without a radical commitment to openness. In response to this need, the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) brought together contributions that engage with open systems in all aspects of architectural and urban design: open with respect to the scale of the design objectives and the context, from a building component within a building system to a neighbourhood or city within its urban and rural context; open with respect to the domains being considered, from planning to sustainable performance of a building or city; open with respect to the collaboration of disciplines and participants, from ad-hoc brainstorming to a rigorous process of consultation and feedback; open with respect to design methods and techniques, from physical modelling to digital prototyping; open with respect to design models and representations being adopted, from a parametric exploration to an ontological delineation considering Building Information Modelling, Built Environment Modelling or City Information Modelling; open with respect to the tools and applications being adopted, despite interoperability issues, from modelling to simulation and assessment; open with respect to the learning approach being adopted, from informal interaction and sharing to formal design education; open with respect to the open source approach being adopted in research and development, in order to gather community involvement and use. The conference was held 15-18 May 2013 at the Department of Architecture, School of Design and Environment, at National University of Singapore.By focusing on the theme of Open Systems, CAADRIA 2013 aimed to explore all these aspects and more, and raise awareness to the need of breaching disciplinary boundaries and reaching creative communities at all levels of expertise, by pooling resources, knowledge and practices, and integrating them through the adoption of open systems.
series CAADRIA
email r.m.f.stouffs@tudelft.nl
last changed 2013/05/22 08:48

_id caadria2013_185
id caadria2013_185
authors Turrin, Michela; Rudi Stouffs and Sevil Sar_y_ld_z
year 2013
title Performance-Based Parameterization Strategies – A Theoretic Framework and Case Studies
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 519-528
summary In this paper, alternative approaches to structure the parametric geometry in relation to information on various performances are described and exemplified. They relate to different levels of knowledge that concern the performances considered in the process and which are available to the designer while the parametric model is being set. A theoretic framework embeds the different approaches, for which the use of parametric modelling is structured in three phases: strategy-definition; model-building; and solution-assessment. The phases and their interrelations are discussed. Finally, four case studies are presented, focusing on the relation between the knowledge available in strategy-definition and the exploration occurring in solution-assessment.  
wos WOS:000351496100051
keywords Conceptual design, Parametric design, Performance analysis  
series CAADRIA
email M.Turrin@tudelft.nl
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013_296
id ecaade2013_296
authors Vidmar, Jernej
year 2013
title Parametric Maps for Performance-Based Urban Design
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 311-316
summary Urban design is a complex process which deals with multitude of aspects to shape quality urban space. On one hand, we have quantitative aspects such as land use, building heights or floor space index which are tackled on top-down approach. On the other hand, we need to take into consideration more subjective, qualitative aspects such as building shapes and space between them based on bottom-up principle.In order to connect both principles, a new, performance-based parametric urban design method is proposed. It is based on a concept of parametric maps, which represent spatial distribution of key building parameters (quantitative criteria, top-down) throughout the area and are preliminary loaded into the virtual urban development area. Once parametric maps are loaded, we begin designing a development by placing the buildings (qualitative criteria, bottom-up), which adapt their parameters while changing their locations. Parametric maps thus represent a link between a set of spatial parameters and the actual shape of each building in a way, which connects both, top-down and bottom-up principles of urban design into a single conceptual framework.In order to evaluate this new method, an interactive prototype application has been developed in Maya (3D modeling software) and the following results were obtained: 1.) a significant speedup is possible in the creation of different design alternatives in early stage of urban design process; 2.) use of parametric maps is most suitable for mid- to large-scale projects (+15 buildings), while they can be redundant for small-scale areas; 3.) possibility of inconsistency with site regulations is diminished.
wos WOS:000340635300032
keywords Parametric; map; performance-based; urban design; urbanism.
series eCAADe
type normal paper
email jernej.vidmar@modelur.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013_224
id ecaade2013_224
authors Xiong, Lu; Xiong, Wei and Zhang, Hongxia
year 2013
title Gulou Structure Grammar and its Computer Implementation
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 2, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 725-733
summary Gulou is a type of building found in ethnic Dong people’s settlements in south west China. It plays a significant role in the traditional Dong architecture and shows both social and technical values. In the near future the technique as an intangible culture heritage would face the risk of extinction because of globalization. The paper argues that the use of formal grammar and computer tools could help the preservation and learning of the design knowledge of Gulou Structure and develop Gulou designs which would be adapted to modern needs. A shape grammar called Gulou Structure Grammar (GSG) and its computer implementation are made to achieve the goals of capturing the design knowledge of Gulou structure, generating new Gulou designs and promoting the education of Gulou building techniques.
wos WOS:000340643600075
keywords Gulou structure; shape grammar; parametric model; ethnic building technique.
series eCAADe
email bbxlarc@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia13_043
id acadia13_043
authors Michalatos, Panagiotis; Payne, Andrew O.
year 2013
title Working with Multi-scale Material Distributions
source ACADIA 13: Adaptive Architecture [Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5] Cambridge 24-26 October, 2013), pp. 43-50
summary At present, computer aided design (CAD) software has proven ill equipped to manage the spatial variations in material properties. Most digital design packages employ a surface modeling paradigm where a solid object is that which is enclosed by a set of boundaries (known as boundary representations or “B-rep” for short). In surface models, material representations are often treated as homogenous and discrete. Yet, natural materials are capable of structures where the variability of material within a volume is defined at a multiplicity of scales and according to various functional criteria. With the advent of new 3D printing techniques, a new possibility emerges—allowing new multi-material composite objects to be fabricated in a single build volume with a high degree of dimensional accuracy and repeatability. However, a big limitation facing complex high resolution digital fabrication comes from the software’s inability to represent or handle material variability. This paper proposes a new digital interface for working with multi-material distributions at a variety of scales using a rasterization process. Beyond the immediate benefit of precise graduated control over the material distribution within a 3D printed volume, our interface opens new creative opportunities by enabling the use of existing image processing techniques (such as filtering, mapping, etc.) which can be applied to three-dimensional voxel fields. Examples are provided which explore the potential of multi-scale material distributions.
keywords next generation technology, multi-material 3D printing, digital interfaces, voxel fields, rasterization
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email andyopayne@gmail.com
last changed 2014/01/11 08:13

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