CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ecaade2013_128
id ecaade2013_128
authors Symeonidou, Ioanna; Hirschberg, Urs and Kaftan, Martin
year 2013
title Designing the Negative
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 683-691
wos WOS:000340635300071
summary Designing the Negative was the title of a Master Studio that took place at the Institute of Architecture and Media of Graz University of Technology during the summer semester of 2012. Students designed and fabricated prototypes of customized concrete formwork as part of their studio assignment. The studio theme forced students to think about digital fabrication with parametric tools in a hands-on fashion. Using robotic technology and hot-wire cutting, students worked with the robot’s constraints (size of the robot’s arm, robot’s axis and tool’s restrictions) to design complex curved elements that could serve as formwork (the negative) for cast concrete elements (the positive). The students were asked to design a production strategy for their cast concrete elements as well as the application of said elements in an architectural scheme. The student projects confirmed the value of a pedagogy that takes on research-relevant questions in an interdisciplinary studio setting and engages students in a process that is best described as digital crafting: it simultaneously addressed the conceptual and technical as well as the material and tactile aspects of digital fabrication and design.
keywords Digital fabrication; customization; concrete; hot-wire cutting; parametric design.
series eCAADe
email symeonidou@tugraz.at
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia13_137
id acadia13_137
authors Kretzer, Manuel; In, Jessica; Letkemann, Joel; Jaskiewicz, Tomasz
year 2013
title Resinance: A (Smart) Material Ecology
source ACADIA 13: Adaptive Architecture [Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5] Cambridge 24-26 October, 2013), pp. 137-146
summary What if we had materials that weren’t solid and static like traditional building materials are? What if these materials could dynamically change and adapt to varying environmental situations and stimulations and evolve and learn over time? What if they were autonomous, self-sufficient and independent but could communicate with each other and exchange information? What would this “living matter” mean for architecture and the way we perceive the built environment? This paper looks briefly at current concepts and investigations in regards to programmable matter that occupy various areas of architectural research. It then goes into detail in describing the most recent smart material installation “Resinance” that was supervised by Manuel Kretzer and Benjamin Dillenburger and realized by the 2012/13 Master of Advanced Studies class as part of the materiability research at the Chair for CAAD, ETH Zürich in March 2013. The highly speculative sculpture links approaches in generative design, digital fabrication, physical/ubiquitous computing, distributed networks, swarm behavior and agent-based communication with bioinspiration and organic simulation in a responsive entity that reacts to user input and adapts its behavior over time.
keywords Smart Materials; Distributed Networks; Digital Fabrication; Physical Computing; Responsive Environment
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email kretzer@arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2014/01/11 08:13

_id caadria2014_057
id caadria2014_057
authors Nakapan, Walaiporn
year 2014
title Mobile Learning in a History of Art and Architecture Classroom
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 761–770
summary This paper presents a pilot project, using mobile devices in a History of Art and Architecture classroom to enhance instructor-student classroom interactions and student learning. At our Faculty of Architecture this particular class has a usual high failure rate (26% F in 2012). It is a compulsory course for architecture students, some of them are required to take this course twice or more before they can graduate. Traditional learning is lecture-based, and students studying toward their tests are often overloaded with information. In June 2013, Rangsit University initiated a new policy to provide tablets to every freshmen; around 7,200 tablets were distributed campus-wide (Samsung Galaxy Note 10.1 with S-pen). Toward the end of the class, the students were asked to complete a questionnaire in order to find out what they think about mobile learning. Typically, students are quite satisfied, and give positive feedback in their comments. The experience gained from this pilot project will be extended to other classes.
keywords Design education; Mobile learning; History of Art and Architecture
series CAADRIA
email walaiporn@rsu.ac.th
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id acadia13_427
id acadia13_427
authors Ng, Rashida; Patel, Sneha
year 2013
title Trajectories of Performative Materials
source ACADIA 13: Adaptive Architecture [Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5] Cambridge 24-26 October, 2013), pp. 427-428
summary An enduring consideration within architectural discourse, the notion of performance is intrinsically embedded within design. Over the past several years, architecture has been increasingly attentive to the framework of performance and its potential contributions to contemporary issues within the field. Numerous derivatives of the word perform—for example performance, performative, performalism, performalist—have been applied to architectural contexts within several significant publications providing evidence of the mounting interest of researchers, academics, and theorists to this premise. Within his essay “Architecture as Performative Art,” architect and historian Antoine Picon remarks, “From its Renaissance origins, architecture inherited a concern with effectiveness that other arts did not possess,” (Grobman and Neuman 2012) while also emphasizing that current inquiry into performative criteria within the profession instigates even broader aspirations. Contemporary research surrounding performance in architecture articulates mediated aspirations that negotiate between quantitative and qualitative measures.
keywords Next Generation Technology; performance, materiality, responsive, technologies, design research
series ACADIA
type Research Poster
email rng@temple.edu
last changed 2014/01/11 08:13

_id acadia13_449
id acadia13_449
authors Yogiaman, Christine; Tracy, Ken
year 2013
title Cast Thicket
source ACADIA 13: Adaptive Architecture [Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5] Cambridge 24-26 October, 2013), pp. 449-450
summary Cast Thicket is a prototypical instillation that furthers earlier research into tensile concrete molds through the use of plastic formwork and a layered structural network. Leveraging the fluid materiality of concrete and the machinability of polypropylene, Cast Thicket creates a lacy network of thin members that disperse and coalesce to address structural and spatial needs. Proposed as an application for tall concrete buildings, the research responds to the 2012 APPLIED: Research through Fabrication competition.
keywords dynamic tensile network, flexible plastic, formwork, thin tensile concrete structure, optimized, kangaroo spring
series ACADIA
type Research Poster
email kentracy@wustl.edu
last changed 2013/12/16 08:04

_id ecaade2013_081
id ecaade2013_081
authors Baharlou, Ehsan and Menges, Achim
year 2013
title Generative Agent-Based Design Computation
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 2, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 165-174
wos WOS:000340643600016
summary Agent-based systems have been widely investigated in simulation and modeling. In this paper, it is proposed that agent-based systems can also be developed as generative systems, in which different aspects of performative design can be defined as separate drivers in a proper computational framework. In this manner constrained generating procedures (CGP’s) are studied to integrate the discrete design processes into one system. Subsequently, this generative agent-based design tool is accompanied with generating and constraining mechanism which are informed by material characteristics and fabrication constraints, bringing to the forefront emergent complexity.
keywords Computational design; agent-based system; robotic fabrication; constrained generating procedures (CGP’s).
series eCAADe
email ehsan.baharlou@icd.uni-stuttgart.de
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id cf2013_109
id cf2013_109
authors Brell-Cokcan, Sigrid and Johannes Braumann
year 2013
title Industrial Robots for Design Education: Robots as Open Interfaces beyond Fabrication
source Global Design and Local Materialization[Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 978-3-642-38973-3] Shanghai, China, July 3-5, 2013, pp. 109-117.
summary For a long time, robotic arms have been a common sight in many industries. Now, robots are rapidly entering architectural education. Within the past few years, more than 20 architectural faculties throughout the world have set up experimental labs with one or more robotic arms. This paper will discuss the use of robots in education beyond the scope of CNC fabrication, as open interfaces that confront students with problem-solving, geometry, and programming.
keywords Design education, teaching robotics, robots in architecture, open interfaces, computer aided architectural design
series CAAD Futures
email johannes@robotsinarchitecture.org
last changed 2014/03/24 06:08

_id sigradi2013_205
id sigradi2013_205
authors Chiarella, Mauro; Luis Felipe González Böhme; Cristian Calvo Barentin
year 2013
title Robots: Automatización en Diseño y Construcción para la Enseñanza de Arquitectura [Robots: Automation in Design and Manufacturing for Teaching Architecture]
source SIGraDi 2013 [Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Chile - Valparaíso 20 - 22 November 2013, pp. 439 - 443
summary Industrial robots controlled by parametric design software and visual programming environments are gaining popularity in the research and use of non-conventional construction processes in architecture. Process automation which can be personalized through variable components promises to become an industry standard with similar cost structures to current pre-fabrication industrial processes. In order to incorporate competencies from non-serial variable architectural modular design, an initial teaching initiative (Advanced Architectural Design Studio – USM) was developed in Latin América. The strategy employed is based on incorporating concepts and instruments of Construction & Design Automation for CAD/CAM processes with a Six Axis Robotic Arm (KUKA KR125/2).
keywords Robotic fabrication; Parametric modeling, Teaching architecture
series SIGRADI
email mchiarella@hotmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id acadia13_033
id acadia13_033
authors Correa, David; David Krieg, Oliver; Menges, Achim; Reichert, Steffen; Rinderspacher, Katja
year 2013
title HygroSkin: A prototype project for the development of a constructional and climate responsive architectural system based on the elastic and hygroscopic properties of wood
source ACADIA 13: Adaptive Architecture [Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5] Cambridge 24-26 October, 2013), pp. 33-42
summary This paper focuses on the implementation of a computational design and robotic fabrication method that integrates the elastic and hygroscopic behavior of wood as active drivers in the design process, using the material’s differentiated characteristics as its main capacity. The project builds on previous work by the authors, furthering their research on the formal and performative transfer of such behaviors into informed architectural systems. Wood’s fibrous structure, relatively low stiffness and high structural capacity are instrumentalized into self-forming mechanisms through conical elastic deformation, while the same organic makeup and corresponding hygroscopic properties have also been programmed, formally articulated and integrated into a climate responsive architectural system. This research will be presented alongside a full-scale architectural project (Figure 1, Figure 2).
keywords computational design; robotic fabrication; wood construction; elastic bending; hygroscopic actuation
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email oliver.krieg@icd.uni-stuttgart.de
last changed 2014/01/11 08:13

_id acadia14projects_11
id acadia14projects_11
authors Gheorghe, Andrei
year 2014
title Robotic Infiltrations
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9789126724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 11-14
summary This research describes the outcome of the Angewandte Architecture Challenge 2013 “Robotic Infiltrations” experimental workshop in Digital Design and Fabrication Strategies. The workshop is a collaboration between the University of Innsbruck’s REX|LAB and the Institute of Architecture at the University of Applied Arts Vienna, and represents a continuation of research that explores the potential of additive digital production through the use of robotically controlled placement of phase-change polymers in the production of full scale structures.
keywords Digital fabrication and construction, Digital architectural design, Digital design education, Digital design and production, Full scale digital fabrication, Digital fabrication research, Robotic fabrication
series ACADIA
type Research Projects
email a.gheorghe@uni-ak.ac.at
last changed 2014/09/29 05:57

_id acadia13_253
id acadia13_253
authors Krieg, Oliver David; Menges, Achim
year 2013
title HygroSkin: A climate-responsive prototype project based on the elastic and hygroscopic properties of wood
source ACADIA 13: Adaptive Architecture [Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5] Cambridge 24-26 October, 2013), pp. 23-260
summary The paper presents current research into architectural potentials of robotic fabrication in wood construction based on elastically bent timber sheets with robotically fabricated finger joints. Current developments in computational design and digital fabrication propose an integrative design approach contrary to classical, hierarchical architectural design processes. Architecture related fields, such as material science, engineering and fabrication have been seen as separate disciplines in a linear design process since the Industrialization era. However, current research in computational design reveals the potentials of their integration and interconnection for the development of material-oriented and performance-based architectural design.In the first part, the paper discusses the potentials of robotic fabrication based on its extended design space. The robot’s high degree of kinematic freedom opens up the possibility of developing complex and highly performative mono-material connections for wood plate structures. In the second part, the integration of material behavior is presented. Through the development of robotically fabricated, curved finger joints, that interlock elastically bent plywood sheets, a bending-active construction system is being developed (Figure 1,Figure 2). In the third part, the system’s architectural application and related constructional performance is discussed.
keywords Robotic Fabrication; Finger Joints; Material Computation; Wood Construction; Computational Design
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email oliver.krieg@icd.uni-stuttgart.de
last changed 2014/01/11 08:13

_id ecaade2014_159
id ecaade2014_159
authors Leyla Yunis, Ond_ej Kyjánek, Moritz Dörstelmann, Marshall Prado, Tobias Schwinn and Achim Menges
year 2014
title Bio-inspired and fabrication-informed design strategies for modular fibrous structures in architecture
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 423-432
wos WOS:000361384700042
summary Research pavilions can serve as architectural scale demonstrations for the materialization of experimental forms and structures. Pavilions seek to prove and change methods of design and construction mechanisms in order to achieve desires such as material efficiency, novel spatial qualities and performative needs. The case of the ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2013-14 highlights the use of fiber composites in order to achieve a core-less filament winding modular system from bio-inspired lightweight structures through robotic fabrication. This paper describes the multi-disciplinary design and construction process of this pavilion that created a structure of out 36 unique components.
keywords Bio-inspired; fiber composites; multi-disciplinary design; robotic fabrication; modular system construction
series eCAADe
email ondrej.kyjanek@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia13_311
id acadia13_311
authors Maxwell, Iain; Pigram, David; McGee, Wes
year 2013
title The Novel Stones of Venice: The Marching Cube Algorithm as a Strategy for Managing Mass-customisation
source ACADIA 13: Adaptive Architecture [Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5] Cambridge 24-26 October, 2013), pp. 311-318
summary The Marching Cube (MC) algorithm is a simple procedural routine for the surface representation of three- dimensional scalar fields. While much has been written of the algorithm’s efficiencies and adaptive nature within the domain of computer graphics and imaging, little has been explored within the context of architectural geometry and fabrication. This paper posits a novel implementation of the MC algorithm coupled with robotic fabrication (RF) techniques, to realise an open-ended design method that approaches mass-customisation as the unique geometric distortion of a finite set of topologically consistent families of tectonic elements.The disciplinary consequences of this and similar methods that intimately couple algorithmic design techniques with robotic fabrication are discussed. These include the re-affirmation or expansion of the role of the architect as master builder that is enabled by challenging Leon Battista Alberti’s 15th Century division between design concept and building.The method and its disciplinary potentials are illustrated through the description of an installation built by the authors for the Australian Pavilion at the Venice Biennale. Clouds of Venice serves as a case study for a new integrated mode of production, one that increases the quality and number of feedback relations between design, matter and making.
keywords tools and interfaces, mass-customisation, robotic fabrication, algorithmic architecture, marching cube, digital fabrication
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email iain.maxwell@uts.edu.au
last changed 2014/01/11 08:13

_id acadia14_219
id acadia14_219
authors Moritz Dörstelmann, Moritz; Prado, Marshall; Parascho, Stefana; Knippers, Jan; Menges, Achim
year 2014
title Integrative computational design methodologies for modular architectural fiber composite morphologies
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9781926724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 219-228
summary This paper describes how computational design methodologies can serve as an integrative tool within a multidisciplinary design project. The topic is discussed based on the design and fabrication process for modular architectural fiber composite morphologies applied and developed in the ICD/ITKE Research Pavilion 2013-14.
keywords integrative computational design, digital fabrication and construction, robotic fabrication reinforced fiber composite structures, biomimicry and biological models in design, light-weight construction, multidisciplinary design
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email mail@icd.uni-stuttgart.de
last changed 2014/09/29 05:51

_id ecaade2013_118
id ecaade2013_118
authors Narahara, Taro
year 2013
title A Generative Approach to Robotic Fabrication
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 673-681
wos WOS:000340635300070
summary This paper studies computational methods for adaptive growth seen in human design processes through a relatively simple yet explicit example in the context of robotic fabrication. The proposed experiment uses an industrial robot arm to produce structures by stacking unit bricks without hard-coded instructions (“blueprints”) from the outset. The paper further explores how such implementations can be applied to architectural design and speculates as to the possibilities of open frameworks for design using computational methods.
keywords Adaptable growth; robotic fabrication; generative design.
series eCAADe
email narahara@njit.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013_278
id ecaade2013_278
authors Oxman, Neri; Laucks, Jared; Kayser, Markus; Gonzalez Uribe, Carlos David and Duro-Royo, Jorge
year 2013
title Biological Computation for Digital Design and Fabrication
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 585-594
wos WOS:000340635300061
summary The formation of non-woven fibre structures generated by the Bombyx mori silkworm is explored as a computational approach for shape and material optimization. Biological case studies are presented and a design approach for the use of silkworms as entities that can “compute” fibrous material organization is given in the context of an architectural design installation. We demonstrate that in the absence of vertical axes the silkworm can spin flat silk patches of variable shape and density. We present experiments suggesting sufficient correlation between topographical surface features, spinning geometry and fibre density. The research represents a scalable approach for optimization-driven fibre-based structural design and suggests a biology-driven strategy for material computation.   
keywords Biologically computed digital fabrication; robotic fabrication; finite element analysis; optimization; CNC weaving.
series eCAADe
email neri@mit.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013r_019
id ecaade2013r_019
authors Portugal, Vasco
year 2013
title Knowledge-based methodology for architectural robotics fabrication. Real time impact assessment through a process flow analysis software
source FUTURE TRADITIONS [1st eCAADe Regional International Workshop Proceedings / ISBN 978-989-8527-03-5], University of Porto, Faculty of Architecture (Portugal), 4-5 April 2013, pp. 229-236
summary The main goal of the project is to generate a framework for a knowledge-based-methodology (KBM) within a parametric software. This is accomplished through a combination of the design software and robot simulation with real-time assessment based on a process-flow-diagram (PFD) structure that compiles the main environmental parameters of the manufacture process. The intention is to create a methodology to directly report the impact of the manufacture of a specific design, from the materials embodied energy to the energy consumption of each step. This framework provides valuable information which may monitor the developer towards alterations to increase the CAD/CAM performance. In the context of this paper, this methodology was applied in the conceptual design and manufacture of a housing structural insulated panel prototype using parametric design software and robotic equipment. The purpose is to generate a quasi-automated design process linked with real-time analysis and assessment of the fabrication process, offering real time environmental and cost analysis of a panelized structure house manufacture logic. The suggested methodology outputs information to compare and optimize the manufacture outline, and supports the screening and assortment of appropriate tool paths or combination of fabrication tools based on environmental/cost data, user-specified requirements and context characteristics.
keywords CAD/CAM; Parametric design; Robotics in Architecture; Process flow diagrams
email vascopt@mit.edu
last changed 2013/10/07 17:08

_id caadria2013_076
id caadria2013_076
authors Raspall, Felix; Matias Imbern and William Choi
year 2013
title Fisac Variations: An Integrated Design and Fabrication Strategy for Adaptable Building Systems
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 55-64
wos WOS:000351496100006
summary The promise of robotic fabrication as an enabler for mass-customization in Architecture has been hindered by the intricate workflow required to go from parametric modelling to CNC fabrication. The lack of integration between highly-specialized proprietary software, normally required to operate the machines, and most of the design tools constitutes a major limitation. One way to tackle this constraint is by developing simple tools that directly link parametric modelling to robotic coding. Accordingly, “Fisac Variations” develops an uninterrupted digital workflow from form-generation to robotic fabrication. This innovative approach to Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing was tested by studying and reengineering a specific historic construction system -Miguel Fisac’s Bones System was used as a case study- and by enabling it to address problems of contemporary architectural agenda such as flexibility, variability and mass-customization. The proposed workflow threads form-finding, structural analysis, geometric definition, CNC code generation and digital fabrication within the same open-source computational environment. In this way, this innovative procedure aims to increase design freedom while ensuring fabrication feasibility. This paper describes background research, concept, form-finding, construction process, methodology, results and conclusions.  
keywords Parametric design, Digital fabrication and construction, Integrated design and fabrication, Mass-customization, Miguel fisac bones system 
series CAADRIA
email craspall@gsd.harvard.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia13_367
id acadia13_367
authors Søndergaard, Asbjørn; Amir, Oded; Knauss, Michael
year 2013
title Topology optimization and digital assembly of advanced space-frame structures
source ACADIA 13: Adaptive Architecture [Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5] Cambridge 24-26 October, 2013), pp. 367-378
summary This paper presents a novel method for the integrated design, optimization and fabrication of space-frame structures in an autonomous, digital process. Comparative numerical studies are presented, demonstrating achievable mass reduction by application of the method by comparison to equivalent to normative space truss designs and dimensions. As such, a principal digital fabrication and assembly scheme is developed, where an architectural design methodology relative to the described process is established, and the proposed process is demonstrated through scaled digital fabrication experiments.
keywords space-frame structures, topology optimization, robotic assembly, digital fabrication, steel
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email asbjorn.sondergaard@aarch.dk
last changed 2014/01/11 08:13

_id ecaade2013_151
id ecaade2013_151
authors Weigele, Jakob; Schloz, Manuel; Schwinn, Tobias; Reichert, Steffen; LaMagna, Riccardo; Waimer, Frédéric; Knippers, Jan and Menges, Achim
year 2013
title Fibrous Morphologies
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 549-558
wos WOS:000340635300057
summary Living organisms have evolved effective structural solutions in response to the inherent constraints of their respective environments through a process of morphological adaptation. Given the fact that the majority of natural load bearing materials are fibrous composites, the authors suggest the analysis of appropriate biological role models as a promising strategy for informing the application of fibre reinforced polymers (FRP) in architecture. In this paper the authors present a biomimetic design methodology for seamless large-scale FRP structures involving the analysis of the exoskeletons of Arthropoda with regards to structural performance criteria, the development of a custom robotic filament winding process, and the translation of biological and fabricational principles into the architectural domain through physical prototyping and the development of custom digital tools. The resulting performative material system is evaluated in a full-scale research pavilion.
keywords Biomimetics; computational design; fibre-reinforced composites; prototyping; robotic fabrication.
series eCAADe
email tobias.schwinn@icd.uni-stuttgart.de
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

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