CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 21 to 40 of 589

_id ecaade2013r_008
id ecaade2013r_008
authors Gargaro, Silvia; Fioravanti, Stefano
year 2013
title Traditions based on context. How context ontologies can help archaeological sites.
source FUTURE TRADITIONS [1st eCAADe Regional International Workshop Proceedings / ISBN 978-989-8527-03-5], University of Porto, Faculty of Architecture (Portugal), 4-5 April 2013, pp. 105-114
summary Nowadays ICT tools are part of the cultural tradition of designers and over time have replaced pencil and paper in design development. The application programs for design are many and for different purposes, but the role and importance of Context often are underestimated. For new tradition, it needs “Context Knowledge Model” based on ontologies for the management of buildings and preservation and enhancement of cultural heritage with technological innovation. Context modeling gives the opportunity to address the management of pre-existing building in a conscious way. The interoperability of data and knowledge of Context is important to analyze the quality of building process. This is based on standard concepts of the project for the recovery and restoration of the buildings starting from knowledge of context. The goal of this research is to exploit information technology to advance and define knowledge of context monitoring, management and maintenance of historic buildings. The representation of context is important to understand physical, social, economic and normative Context in which the building was placed. The process used to analyze Context entities were Ontologies. This theoretical model will be applied to underground archaeological Roman sites, to implement semantic levels in IFC and BIM for building design.
keywords Archaeological sites, Collaborative design, Context, Ontology, Design Process
email silvia.gargaro@uniroma1.it
last changed 2013/10/07 17:08

_id caadria2013_176
id caadria2013_176
authors Knapp, Chris
year 2013
title The Hand and the Machine: A Hybrid Approach to Complex Construction in a Work of Sir Peter Cook
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 633-642
summary This paper describes and provides a critique of the design and implementation of the “scoops” – a set of bespoke multifunctioning architectural free-form concrete elements that are a highlight of the new Soheil Abedian School of Architecture by the office of Sir Peter Cook and Gavin Robotham (CRAB). The development includes the transfer of analogue design processes into digital 3D modelling, which is then analysed and rationalized via an exchange with consultants and procurement contractors. The complexity of the concrete works necessitated the use of digital fabrication to make their implementation affordable and within time constraints, with said complexity creating a variety of challenges for many aspects of the entire delivery team. The 3D model played a critical role in communicating intent and accuracy at all stages. The use of site-based craftsmanship combined with computer aided design and fabrication overlapped to realize the project.  
wos WOS:000351496100062
keywords In-situ concrete, 3D modelling, Rhinoceros, Peter cook, Digital fabrication 
series CAADRIA
email cknapp@bond.edu.au
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013_197
id ecaade2013_197
authors Koenig, Reinhard; Treyer, Lukas and Schmitt, Gerhard
year 2013
title Graphical Smalltalk with My Optimization System for Urban Planning Tasks
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 2, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 195-203
summary Based on the description of a conceptual framework for the representation of planning problems on various scales, we introduce an evolutionary design optimization system. This system is exemplified by means of the generation of street networks with locally defined properties for centrality. We show three different scenarios for planning requirements and evaluate the resulting structures with respect to the requirements of our framework. Finally the potentials and challenges of the presented approach are discussed in detail.
wos WOS:000340643600019
keywords Design optimization; interactive planning support system; generative system integration; evolutionary multi-criteria optimization.
series eCAADe
email treyer@arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013_072
id ecaade2013_072
authors Kos, Jose Ripper; Angeloni, Guilherme and Brito, Thiago Mello
year 2013
title Connecting Dwellers to Building Performance and Weather Data through Sustainable Automation Systems
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 157-165
summary The paper presents a prototype for a Home Automation and Information Systems (HAIS) applied to an existing dwelling, the Florianopolis House, with the potential to address building performance and user behavior towards a more sustainable way of living. Home information and automation systems based on a great variety of sensors, associated with local weather stations and climate forecast databases can significantly impact the construction of more sustainable habits in home dwellers. Monitoring the weather variations, building’s performance and the impact each resident’s activity in energy and water consumption is a powerful tool for the dwellers’ awareness and can provide a significant impact on residents’ reconnection with the natural cycles. The development of the graphic interface is highlighted as a critical issue for the communication of building performance, weather data and actuators control.
wos WOS:000340635300015
keywords Home automation system; user behavior; weather data; graphic interface; building performance.
series eCAADe
email josekos@ufrj.br
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ijac201311302
id ijac201311302
authors Meagher, Mark; David van der Maas, Christian Abegg, Jeffrey Huang
year 2013
title Dynamic ornament: An investigation of responsive thermochromic surfaces in architecture
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 11 - no. 3, 301-318
summary This paper describes the use of environmental sensor data as a basis for the design of architectural ornament that takes on a distinctive appearance in response to the atmospheric conditions where it is located. Among the goals of the project were the identification of inexpensive fabrication methods that could be used to build responsive surfaces at the scale of a room, and the identification of material and tectonic strategies for integrating dynamic information displays in buildings. A series of prototypes were constructed to explore the benefits and limitations of thermochromic ink as a material for visualizing dynamic data, and a method is proposed for building thermochromic surfaces based on printed circuit boards (PCB's) that is cost-effective and allows the fabrication of large surfaces through tiling. The limitations of this method include high power consumption, a short lifespan and difficulties in controlling the surface temperature.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id caadria2013_097
id caadria2013_097
authors Schnabel, Marc Aurel and Jeremy J. Ham
year 2013
title A Framework for Social Networked Architectural Education
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 313-322
summary Students engage in Social Networks (SN) as a form of interaction with friends and tutors, as news or learning resource, to make their voices heard or to listen to other views and many more. Online SN work in close association with offline SN to form a blended social environment that greatly enables and enhances students’ learning. Some Schools of Architecture have struggled or failed to engage in the potential of SNor their respective University’s online Learning Management Systems (LMS). Despite efforts to facilitate blended learning environments or to engage students in problem-based learning activities architectural education often fails to tap into the rich resources that online social learning environments offers through their collective and social intelligence of its users. This paper proposes a framework for SN architectural education that provides opportunities for linking the academic LMS with private or professional SN such that it enhances the learning experience and deepens the knowledge of the students. The paper proposes ways of utilising SN supported learning environments in other areas of the curriculum and concludes with directions of how this framework can be employed in professional settings. 
wos WOS:000351496100031
keywords Social networks, Social learning, Architectural curriculum 
series CAADRIA
email marcaurel@cuhk.edu.hk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013_084
id ecaade2013_084
authors Stojanovic, Djordje and Cerovic, Milutin
year 2013
title Self-regulating Fields and Networks
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 633-642
summary This paper will explore the connection between two theoretical models, initially identified as the Field and the Network Conditions (Allen, 1997; Wigley, 2001) and material based studies in architectural design, conducted as a sequence of experiments. A number of prototypical models have been produced to test the practical and theoretical dimensions of the design approach which employs elastic material performance to achieve highly versatile spatial organization. One of the concrete outcomes of the exploration is the specific software extension produced by the authors of this paper. Its purpose is to enable designers to maintain an indirect control of complex spatial models based on the use of two parallel sets of algorithmic protocols which define: a. geometric logic and b. intrinsic material behavior.
wos WOS:000340635300066
keywords Elasticity; material performance; self-regulating systems; prototypical models; physics based simulation.
series eCAADe
email ds@4ofseven.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013_136
id ecaade2013_136
authors Vasku, Michael
year 2013
title Generative Improvement of Street Networks Based on Space Syntax
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 367-374
summary Space syntax is supposed to be an objective method for evaluating spatial configurations. Its contribution to a design process is dependent on the designer’s estimation. The paper describes a generative approach to finding particularly good interventions based on space syntax analyses of axial maps. More precisely, a case study was undertaken through applying such a strategy to improve and connect a segregated street network of an informal settlement to its neighbourhood. Controlling and redirecting movement in slums may cause positive effects. This research is based on and inspired by a consulting project by the company Space Syntax Limited for the Municipality of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, in which the consulting company designed a regeneration program for declining informal settlements. (Karimi and Parham, 2012)
wos WOS:000340635300038
keywords Space syntax; slum upgrading; design computing; urban design.
series eCAADe
email michael.vasku@tuwien.ac.at
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2013_138
id sigradi2013_138
authors Dezen-Kempter, Eloisa
year 2013
title Diálogos Digitais: Integração entre Dados Documentais em Sistemas de Informação Baseados no Modelo para Conservação do Patrimônio Arquitetônico [Digital Dialogues: Integration of Documentary Data in Model-Based Information Systems for the conservation of the architectural heritage]
source SIGraDi 2013 [Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Chile - Valparaíso 20 - 22 November 2013, pp. 293 - 296
summary The architectural documentation plays a key role in the preservation of built heritage, as both support decision making in intervention projects, restoration and rehabilitation, such as the actions of preventive conservation. Building Information Modeling seems to be the adequate environment to assemble huge amounts of data. The aim of this research is to develop the integration of quantitative data (smart objects, performance data) and qualitative (photographs and historical documents) in model-based information, such as BIM, to be used in surveying, planning and control of interventions in historic buildings.
keywords BIM; Architectural Conservation databases; Interoperability
series SIGRADI
email elo@ft.unicamp.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id ecaade2013_076
id ecaade2013_076
authors Dolas, Caner; Dieckmann, Andreas and Russell, Peter
year 2013
title Building Your Own Urban Tool Kit
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 2, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 485-493
summary The paper describes the development of a set of smart BIM components to facilitate and accelerate the creation of large-scale urban models in the early design phase in a BIM software environment. The components leverage the analytical, parametric and modelling capabilities of the BIM environment to support adaptive parameter-driven building geometry, patterning of different building types, early numerical and graphical design evaluation, various simulation methods and the exploration of design alternatives. The toolset consists of the most common building shapes, but can be extended with additional shapes and their respective area and volumetric calculations when necessary. The rapid large-scale deployment of the components has been achieved by diverting existing tools from their intended use.
wos WOS:000340643600049
keywords BIM; urban planning; early design; rule-based design; parametric design.
series eCAADe
email dieckmann@caad.arch.rwth-aachen.de
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013_067
id ecaade2013_067
authors Kretzer, Manuel
year 2013
title Information Materials
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 615-623
summary This paper questions the current use of materials in architecture, which furthers the preference of surface and form over inherent material properties. It then investigates recent advancements towards the notion of a Digital Materiality, comparing various international research activities and approaches. It concludes with the potentials of Smart Materials for the creation of dynamic, adaptive spatial design. With a focus on the work of the Author it represents a number of projects that have been realized in this area within the past years and gives an insight in his recently established Materiability Research Network, a community platform that reveals Smart Materials, their properties and how to self-make them in an applied hands-on manner.
wos WOS:000340635300064
keywords Smart materials; digital materiality; open source; do-it-yourself; adaptive architecture.
series eCAADe
email kretzer@arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2013_071
id caadria2013_071
authors Lloret Kristensen, Ena; Fabio Gramazio, Matthias Kohler and Silke Langenberg
year 2013
title Complex Concrete Constructions – Merging Existing Casting Techniques with Digital Fabrication
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 613-622
summary In the course of the 20th century, architectural construction has gone through intense innovation in its material, engineering and design, radically transforming the way buildings were and are conceived. Technological and industrial advances enabled and challenged architects, engineers and constructors to build increasingly complex architectural structures from concrete. Computer-Aided Design and Manufacturing (CAD/CAM) techniques have, more recently, rejuvenated and increased the possibilities of realising ever more complex geometries. Reinforced concrete is often chosen for such structures since almost any shape can be achieve when poured into a formwork. However, designs generated with digital tools tend to have limited relation to the efficient modes of production typically used in contemporary concrete construction. A large gap has emerged between the technology in architectural design and the building industry, so that few efficient solutions exist for the production of geometrically complex structures in concrete. This paper focuses on the capabilities and efficiency of existing casting techniques both with static and dynamic formwork which, when combined with digital fabrication, allow innovative fabrication approaches to be taken. Particular focus is placed on slipforming, an approved and efficient construction technique, which until now is unexplored in conjunction with digital fabrication. 
wos WOS:000351496100060
keywords Complex concrete structures, Casting techniques, Formwork, Slipforming, Digital fabrication, Smart dynamic casting 
series CAADRIA
email lloret@arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ijac201311404
id ijac201311404
authors Park, Daekwon; Martin Bechthold
year 2013
title Designing Biologically-inspired Smart Building Systems: Processes and Guidelines
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 11 - no. 4, 437-464
summary This paper investigates design processes of and guidelines for biologically-inspired smart building systems (BISBS). Within the functional and performance requirements of building systems, biologically-inspired design is explored as the key approach and smart technology as the enabling technology. The Soft Modular Pneumatic System (SMoPS) is developed as a design experiment in order to verify the effectiveness of the BISBS design process. Similarly to how independent cells coordinate with each other to undergo certain tasks in multicellular systems, the SMoPS consists of autonomous modules that collectively achieve assigned functions. Within the soft body of each SMoPS module, sensor, actuation, and control components are integrated which enables the module to kinetically respond to and interact with its environment. The modular design and hierarchical assembly logic contribute to creating a flexible as well as robust building system. Throughout the design process, prototyping, simulation, and animation are utilized as an iterative and diversified development method.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id caadria2013_263
id caadria2013_263
authors Salim, Flora; Jane Burry and Jenny Underwood
year 2013
title Augmenting Public Spaces with Live Forms and Fabrics – Integrating Mechatronics and Textiles to Provoke Social Interactions in Public Spaces
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 965-974
summary The research reported in this paper aims to investigate the potential of integrating live forms and fabrics to enable social interactions at existing public sites as a brief for a transdisiciplinary student design project. Through the use of flexible and modular design and fabrication methods, mechatronics, and smart materials and textiles, existing public sites were augmented with interactive installations by groups of students coming together from multiple cognate design disciplines spanning public art to engineering and including textile design.  
wos WOS:000351496100099
keywords Interactive architecture, Textiles, Microelectronics, Full-scale prototyping, Public space 
series CAADRIA
email jane.burry@rmit.edu.au
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2014_001
id ecaade2014_001
authors Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.)
year 2014
title Fusion, Volume 2
source Proceedings of the 32nd International Conference on Education and research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, 632 p.
summary This is the second volume of the conference proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe conference, held from 10-12 September 2013 at the Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Northumbria University in Newcastle upon Tyne, England. Both volumes together contain 130 papers that were submitted and accepted to this conference. The theme of the 32nd eCAADe conference is Fusion- data integration at its best. All quests for data integration in architecture and the construction industry lead ultimately to FUSION, a synthesis of knowledge that transcends mere combination. FUSION is the dream of a knowledge system that will enable multiple sets of data, in manifold formats, to be presented in a unified view. This conference is exploring the possibilities for advanced levels of data integration in the service of the representation and management of the natural environment, and the design, visualisation and making of the built environment. These proceedings are presenting the contributions which explore the elusive goal of FUSION in architecture and related fields. The second volume of the proceedings contains 65 papers grouped under nine sub-themes (Generative Design- Parametric Modelling, Material, Collaboration and Participation, VR, Spatial Analysis, Shape, Form and Geometry 2, BIM, Design Tool 2 and Smart and Responsive Design).
series eCAADe
type normal paper
email emine.thompson@northumbria.ac.uk
last changed 2014/08/22 05:10

_id ecaade2013_048
id ecaade2013_048
authors Wang, Pin-Hung and Lin, Jui-Yen
year 2013
title Using Smart Controlled AC and Ceiling Fan to Save Energy
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 2, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 21-28
summary This research aimed to explore the energy savings through the use of smart control as well as ceiling fan in intelligent building. As the energy consumption of air-conditioning (AC) accounts for about 40% of total residential energy, therefore, applying smart control system to the use of AC to achieve the effects of comfy and energy savings should be able to generate positive effect for the energy consumption of overall residential. This study used the smart control system in the intelligent building lab to transmit message to AC for its implementation of next operating step through the indoor temperature sensor in order to achieve energy saving effect.
wos WOS:000340643600001
keywords Intelligent building; smart control; energy saving; ZigBee; smart living.
series eCAADe
email t60038@cc.kyu.edu.tw
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013_137
id ecaade2013_137
authors Camporeale, Patricia
year 2013
title Genetic Algorithms Applied to Urban Growth Optimization
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 2, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 227-236
summary This work is a research on the application of genetic algorithms (GA) to urban growth taking into account the optimization of solar envelope and sunlight in open spaces.It was considered a typical block of a Spanish grid, which is the most common subdivision of the urban land in towns situated in Argentina. Two models are compared, one in which the growth has no more limitations than building codes. The other one, in which the growth incorporates the solar radiation as a desirable parameter.This way of parameterizing configures a bottom-up method of urban growth. No top-down decisions intervenes in the growth process.This tool proves to be useful at early stages of urban planning when decisions—which will influence along the development of the city for a long time—are taken.
wos WOS:000340643600022
keywords Genetic algorithms; solar envelope.
series eCAADe
email patricia@disenobioambiental.com.ar
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2014_044
id caadria2014_044
authors Huang, Alvin; Stephen Lewis and Jason Gillette
year 2014
title Pure Tension: Intuition, Engineering & Fabrication
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 171–180
summary The "PURE Tension" Pavilion is a lightweight, rapidly deployable, tensioned membrane structure and portable charging station commissioned by Volvo Car Italia to showcase the new Volvo V60 Hybrid Electric Diesel car. Officially launched in Milan, Italy in October 2013, this experimental structure was developed through a process of rigorous research and development that investigated methods of associative modelling, dynamic mesh relaxation, geometric rationalization, solar incidence analysis, membrane panelling, and material performance. It is an experimental structure that, similar to a concept car, is a working prototype that speculates on the potential future of personal mobility and alternative energy sources for transportation while also exploring digital design methodologies and innovative structural solutions. This paper will illustrate the design, development and fabrication processes involved in realizing this structure.
keywords Form-finding; dynamic-mesh relaxation; geometric rationalisation; patterning, digital fabrication
series CAADRIA
email alvin@synthesis-dna.com
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id acadia13_243
id acadia13_243
authors Khoo, Chin Koi; Salim, Flora
year 2013
title Responsive Materiality for Morphing Architectural Skins
source ACADIA 13: Adaptive Architecture [Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5] Cambridge 24-26 October, 2013), pp. 243-252
summary This paper presents the design of a novel material system with sensing, form-changing and luminous capacities for responsive and kinetic architecture. This aim is explored and evaluated through an experimental design investigation in the form of an architectural skin. Through experimentation with alternative materials and a rigorous process of designing the responsive material systems,a new architectural skin, namely Blanket, emerged from this research. The newly developed responsive material system is an amalgamation of silicone rubbers and glowing pigments, molded and fabricated in a prescribed way—embedded with shape memory alloys on a tensegrity skeletal structure to achieve the desired morphing properties and absorb solar energy to glow in the dark.Thus, the design investigation explores the potential of the use of form-changing materials with capacitance sensing, energy absorbing and illumination capabilities for a morphing architectural skin that is capable of responding to proximity and lighting stimuli. This lightweight, flexible and elastic architectural morphing skin is designed to minimize the use of discrete mechanical components. It moves towards an integrated “synthetic” morphing architecture that can sense and respond to environmental and occupancy conditions.
keywords next generation technology; responsive material system; morphing architectural skin; kinetic structure; physical computing in architectural design; sensing and luminous material
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email chinkoi.khoo@rmit.edu.au
last changed 2014/01/11 08:13

_id ecaade2013_171
id ecaade2013_171
authors Yazici, Sevil
year 2013
title Performance Based Pavilion Design
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 2, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 127-135
summary This paper investigates the design process of a performance based pavilion from concept towards construction phases, by challenging conventional form and fabrication techniques. The proposed project is considered as a temporary structure, located in Antalya, Turkey. A free-form structure and a parametrically defined cladding are designed to serve as an installation unit, a shading element and urban furniture. The pavilion geometry, performance assessments and proposed fabrication schemes are clearly described in the paper. The method integrates form, performance, material and fabrication constraints and exposes how environmental and structural performances, including Solar Access Analysis and Static Structural Analysis, may inform the design project.
wos WOS:000340643600012
keywords Parametric design; performance; architectural geometry; material; fabrication.
series eCAADe
email sevil.yazici@sevilyazici.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

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