CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 20 of 589

_id ecaade2013r_009
id ecaade2013r_009
authors Orsi, Francesco; Fiorito, Stefano
year 2013
title Learning from vernacular
source FUTURE TRADITIONS [1st eCAADe Regional International Workshop Proceedings / ISBN 978-989-8527-03-5], University of Porto, Faculty of Architecture (Portugal), 4-5 April 2013, pp. 115-120
summary By looking at time-tested recurrent design patterns drawn from Portuguese vernacular settlements, the present research tries to address the problem of developing sustainable urban solutions for scattered low density territories throughout Portugal. The research departs from the hypothesis that Portuguese vernacular settlements contain morphological characteristics that can be captured and reused in new designs: this may be particularly useful for rethinking extensive suburban territories’ densification conditions, in order to enhance both their consistency and sustainability. Urban sprawl and uncontrolled space consumption have often hastened the problem of territorial sustainability, that’s the reason why completing, restructuring and enhancing dispersed built environments is of paramount importance in order to foster both cultural and economical sustainability in contemporary Portugal. This project ultimately aims at contributing towards the definition of design procedures and planning tools for the re-urbanization of extensive urban fabrics. One of the major objectives is developing a decision making support tool for generating meaningful and coherent interventions in dispersed urban fabrics which could foster connectivity, integration and quality of life, by doing so this work tries to propose a novel methodology that could prove to be valuable in different contexts, even outside Portugal.
keywords Generative patterns; Vernacular urbanism; Bottom-up processes; Re-urbanization; Territorial sustainability
email franzorsi@gmail.com
last changed 2013/10/07 17:08

_id cf2013_267
id cf2013_267
authors Kim, Kyoung-Hee and Seung-Hoon Han
year 2013
title Integrated Design Process: Sustainable Fa¸cade Fabrication
source Global Design and Local Materialization[Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 978-3-642-38973-3] Shanghai, China, July 3-5, 2013, pp. 267-273.
summary Interoperability and integration between design, analysis and fabrication in architectural practice allow building façade systems to be increasingly complex and non-standard. As customized building façade systems increase in contemporary buildings, it is important to adopt the integrated design process that aids problem solving and design-making in façade design. The primary goal of this study is to explore the integrated design process that incorporates building information modeling and parametric performance analysis tools in order to understand sustainability opportunities in sustainable façade fabrication. The integration of building information modeling (BIM) and parametric performance analysis tools poses a unique design process whose resolution has the potential to improve sustainability in built environment and façade fabrication efficiency. This paper uses an academic design research project, the Reading Pavilion located in the UNC Charlotte campus, as a case study to investigate the integrated design process of a building façade system, which was supported by quantitative data using BIM, parametric performance analysis, and rapid prototyping tools.
keywords Integrated design process, building information modeling, parametric performance analysis, high performance façade.
series CAAD Futures
email kkim33@uncc.edu
last changed 2014/03/24 06:08

_id caadria2013_195
id caadria2013_195
authors Park, Jihyun; Azizan Aziz, Kevin Li and Carl Covington
year 2013
title Energy Performance Modeling of an Office Building and Its Evaluation – Post-Occupancy Evaluation and Energy Efficiency of the Building
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 209-218
summary Energy performance modelling can provide insights into the efficiency and sustainability of commercial buildings, and also the achievement of certification standards such as USGBC LEED. However, the results from the modelling must be validated via a post-construction evaluation, which quantifies any discrepancies between the predicted energy usage and the actual energy consumed. In this study, an existing office building was examined to test how well the model predicts energy usage. The results from the model were compared with the actual usage of gas and electricity over two years (2010-2011). Our study showed a 123% higher gas usage,and a 36% lower electricity, compared with the simulation. This difference presents that occupant behaviour and building construction practices have significant impact on the energy usage of a building. For instance, the large discrepancy among gas usage is due to the office building’s thermal envelope, which identifies the spots at which heat leaks out of the building, thereby forcing the heating unit to work more. Additionally, the post occupancy evaluation study identified that indoor environmental conditions impact on energy consumption of the building. 
wos WOS:000351496100021
keywords Building performance evaluation, Energy modelling, Energy usage, User behaviour, Post occupancy evaluation
series CAADRIA
email jihp@cmu.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2013_140
id caadria2013_140
authors Park, Juhong and Takehiko Nagakura
year 2013
title A Thousand BIM – A Rapid Value-Simulation Approach to Developing a BIM Tool for Supporting Collaboration During Schematic Design
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 23-32
summary A typical architectural design project proceeds as collaboration among professionals who have different expertise, values and priorities. The collaboration is needed to make designs both rich yet feasible, but the professionally different ways of thinking can also be a block on the way of design development. This paper takes the example of the relationship between developers and architects, who tend to have different evaluation criteria, methods, and processes. A BIM-based tool, A Thousand BIM, is introduced as a means to quickly generate possible building typologies on a given project site, with computation of expected total values expressed in simple financial terms. Its aim is to help a group of heterogeneous professionals to communicate in the same language, articulate criteria and priorities in multiple perspectives, and share rapidly simulated evaluations of schematic design variations. The implemented evaluation process considers construction cost per square foot, land value, and sustainability as well as other soft design values such as views and accessibility. It can take various market data as inputs to cost calculation, and the weight to each of the design values is dynamically adjustable. A professional can explicitly set them, and share the criteria, priorities, and results of value simulations with others in an enhanced collaborative process.  
wos WOS:000351496100003
keywords BIM, Pro-forma, Design collaboration, Value simulation 
series CAADRIA
email juhong@mit.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013_137
id ecaade2013_137
authors Camporeale, Patricia
year 2013
title Genetic Algorithms Applied to Urban Growth Optimization
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 2, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 227-236
summary This work is a research on the application of genetic algorithms (GA) to urban growth taking into account the optimization of solar envelope and sunlight in open spaces.It was considered a typical block of a Spanish grid, which is the most common subdivision of the urban land in towns situated in Argentina. Two models are compared, one in which the growth has no more limitations than building codes. The other one, in which the growth incorporates the solar radiation as a desirable parameter.This way of parameterizing configures a bottom-up method of urban growth. No top-down decisions intervenes in the growth process.This tool proves to be useful at early stages of urban planning when decisions—which will influence along the development of the city for a long time—are taken.
wos WOS:000340643600022
keywords Genetic algorithms; solar envelope.
series eCAADe
email patricia@disenobioambiental.com.ar
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2013_001
id caadria2013_001
authors Doelling, Max C. and Ben Jastram
year 2013
title Daylight Prototypes: From Simulation Data to Four-Dimensional Artefact-Physical Metrics  Models in Sustainable Design Education
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 159-168
summary The increasing use of building performance simulation in architectural design enriches digital models and derived prototyping geometries with performance data that makes them analytically powerful artefacts serving sustainable design. In our class “Parametric Design”, students perform concurrent thermal and daylight optimization during the architectural ideation process, employing digital simulation tools, and also utilize rapid prototyping techniques to produce process artefacts and whole-building analysis models with climate-based day-light metrics physically embedded. Simulation metrics are merged with prototyping geometries to be output on a colour-capable Zprinter; the resultant hybrid artefacts simultaneously allow three-dimensional formal as well as whole-year daylight performance evaluation, rendering analysis scope four-dimensional. They embody a specific epistemological type that we compare to other model instances and posit to be an example of multivalent representation, a formal class that aids knowledge accretion in  workflows and allows designers to gain a physically reframed understanding of geometry-performance relationships.
wos WOS:000351496100016
keywords Rapid prototyping, Building performance modelling, Daylight simulation, Physical data models, Design representation 
series CAADRIA
email max.freq@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2013_042
id caadria2013_042
authors Kaijima, Sawako; Roland Bouffanais and Karen Willcox
year 2013
title Computational Fluid Dynamics for Architectural Design
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 169-178
summary Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) is a cost-effective, well-known technique widely employed in industrial design. While indoor analysis can be achieved via CFD, Wind Tunnel Testing (WTT) is still the prevailing mode of analysis for outdoor studies. WTT is often only performed a few times during the course of a building design/construction cycle and primarily for verification purposes. This paper presents a cross-disciplinary research initiative aiming to make CFD understandable and accessible to the architecture community. Our particular interest is in the incorporation of CFD into the early stages of architectural design. Many critical decisions, including those pertaining to building performance, are made during these stages, and we believe access to wind/airflow information during these stages will help architects make responsible design decisions. As a first step, we designed a passive cooling canopy for a bus stop based on the equatorial climatic conditions of Singapore where wind/airflow was a driving factor for geometry generation. We discuss our strategies for overcoming the two bottlenecks we identified when utilising CFD for this framework: mesh generation and result comprehension/visualisation.  
wos WOS:000351496100017
keywords CFD, Simulation, Visualization, Concept design 
series CAADRIA
email kaijima@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2013_208
id caadria2013_208
authors Kim, Jong Bum; Mark J. Clayton and Wei Yan
year 2013
title Parameterize Urban Design Codes with BIM and Object-Oriented Programming
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 33-42
summary There has been a significant need for the new urban design apparatus that carries out performance analyses of the urban models, since the code reform movements focused on the sustainable urban developments. This research explores the use of parametric Building Information Modeling to enable stakeholders to intuitively understand the implications and consequences of urban design codes. We investigate whether key regulations can be captured as algorithms and ontologies in parametric BIM and Object-Oriented Programming. Then we present our prototype of parametric urban models in a BIM platform that explains (1) the extent which urban design code information can be parameterized in BIM and (2) the methods how parametric models can hold code information. The results show that our prototype enables real-time manipulations of code requirements and interactive visualization of code allowances.  
wos WOS:000351496100004
keywords Parametric modelling, BIM, Object-oriented programming, Urban design codes 
series CAADRIA
email jongbum.kim.coa@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2013_063
id caadria2013_063
authors Markova, Stanimira; Andreas Dieckmann and Peter Russell
year 2013
title Custom IFC Material Extension – Extending IFC for Parametric Sustainable Building Design
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 13-22
summary The enormous variety of design systems and data formats utilised by the actors in the building design process has been recognised as a significant challenge for information exchange and project management. The introduction of the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) data standard as a paradigm shift has opened a first time opportunity for smooth data and information exchange over the full range of design related parameters and processes, reaching beyond the classical constructional, economic and safety-related requirements. Moreover, IFC allows for the extension of the standard in further areas, corresponding to the specific design, project or client requirements. These user-driven extensions often close an important gap of the IFC standard and can subsequently be imbedded in new releases of the IFC data standard. This paper is focused on the extension of IFC for the purposes of controlling and managing material use, increasing material efficiency and closing material cycles over the life cycle of a building. Material efficiency is defined by the design scopes of material recyclability, element reusability and waste reduction. The practical implications of the data format extension and design-check performance are examined on the level of the data model and, subsequently, on the level of proprietary Building Information Modelling (BIM) software, based on a pre-defined case.  
wos WOS:000351496100002
keywords Material efficient building design, IFC, Parametric design, Semantic design, BIM 
series CAADRIA
email smarkova@caad.arch.rwth-aachen.de
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2013_033
id caadria2013_033
authors Nguyen, Danny D. and M. Hank Haeusler
year 2013
title Assimilating Interactive Technology into Architectural Design – A Quest for developing an ‘Architectural Drawing’ for Urban Interaction Design as a Communication Platform Through Combining Physical Sensing Devices with Simulation Software
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 365-373
summary Assimilating Interactive Technology into Architectural Design – A Quest for developing an ‘Architectural Drawing’ for Urban Interaction Design as a Communication Platform Through Combining Physical Sensing Devices with Simulation Software The research presented in this paper investigates the need for an equivalent of architectural drawings for urban interaction design in an architectural scale in order to communicate interaction design intentions to design participants and clients through using state of the art computer, gaming and sensor technologies. The paper discusses two projects (a) Blur Building, as a large scale interaction design project executed through an experienced team and (b) presents as student design project coordinated by the researchers as a reference project. Both projects in this paper are discussed and evaluated from an Urban Interaction Design point of view. This   paper   emphasizes   the   significance   for   establishing ‘drawing’ equivalents for urban interaction design, discussing representation of ideas in architectural design; followed by outlining existing methods of interactive design representation, such as storyboards to then introduce current advancements in gaming environments. The following paper introduces a framework for future research projects that will design, deploy and evaluate of prototypes as a communication platform combining physical sensing devices in combination with gaming engines to enable a digital / physical hybrid. This would allow designers and clients to test, evaluate and improve urban interactions in a design phase prior to completing the project. 
wos WOS:000351496100036
keywords Spatial design, Human-computing interfacing, Interactive architecture, Smart environments, Sensor technology 
series CAADRIA
email danny.nguyen@unsw.edu.au
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2013_051
id caadria2013_051
authors Roe, Stephen
year 2013
title Information Storm – An Assessment of Responsive Facades and Their Potential to Introduce New Relations Between Building Users and the Weather
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 915-924
summary Today buildings are increasingly responsive to the weather. In such responsive buildings an “Open System” is emerging which consists of a coupling between buildings and their temporal environments. This paper assesses whether these new technologies, in addition to potentially reducing energy consumption, can also lead to a new experiential relation between building users and the weather. The paper qualitatively assesses current examples of Responsive Facades and their effect on the user’s experience of the weather. The information structures of the facade systems are then examined. From this analysis identify potential future avenues of research –or strategies – which may be most effective in making the weather apparent. Finally some design proposals which explore the possibilities of these strategies are presented. The paper is intended to complement the current, primarily technical, emphasis of research in this area by exploring the innovative architectural potential of Responsive Facades to create new user experiences and relations to the weather.
wos WOS:000351496100094
keywords Responsive facades, Weather effects, Experience 
series CAADRIA
email stephen_roe@hotmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2013_181
id caadria2013_181
authors Santo, Yasu; Susan Loh and Ruwan Fernando
year 2013
title Open Up the Building – Architectural Relevance of Building-Users and Their Participations
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 385-394
summary As buildings have become more advanced and complex, our ability to understand how they are operated and managed has diminished. Modern technologies have given us systems to look after us but it appears to have taken away our say in how we like our environment to be managed. The aim of this paper is to discuss our research concerning spaces that are sensitive to changing needs and allow building-users to have a certain level of freedom to understand and control their environment. We discuss why, what we call the Active Layer, is needed in modern buildings; how building inhabitants are to interact with it; and the development of interface prototypes to test consequences of having the Active Layer in our environment.  
wos WOS:000351496100038
keywords Active layer, Participation, Sensors, Interface, BIM, BMS 
series CAADRIA
email y.santo@qut.edu.au
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013r_017
id ecaade2013r_017
authors Meghna, Saiqa I.; Chowdhury, Suvro S.
year 2013
title Contextual customization of design process. Design through the digital and the material
source FUTURE TRADITIONS [1st eCAADe Regional International Workshop Proceedings / ISBN 978-989-8527-03-5], University of Porto, Faculty of Architecture (Portugal), 4-5 April 2013, pp. 205-216
summary In contemporary world, digital technologies have initiated new architectural languages and have eased the way to communicate them directly from initial design phase to production facilities, allowing for the construction of complex geometries with the use of ever evolving techniques and tools. When the emergence of a substance depends on the material behavior, the design interest shifts towards the ‘formation’ instead of the ‘final form’. Regarding these the design procedures will be discussed from the premise where architecture will be perceived through an evolution process that deals with the coherent variables of elements and shifting parameters within a context. However, there are crucial questions about its application in the contexts which have lower access to contemporary technologies although digital technology has already influenced almost every aspects of the culture of the respective context. Besides, the huge production cost has limited its adaptability in many under developed and developing countries where the construction field relies mainly on traditional and low-tech methods. The paper is an effort to give attention on exploration of the new-found freedoms of material computation in close connection with the respective context by inventing new design processes, material applications and custom devices. It is the time to experiment with flexible, mobile and low-cost fabrication methods applicable to different scenarios while achieving the complexity of the contemporary architectural ge¬ometries. Thus an equal focus has to be given to speculate about projects that are site-specific, custom¬ized and adapted to local climatic conditions and technical know-how, in areas that traditionally have limited access to new technologies.
keywords Complex geometries, material behavior, custom devices, low-cost fabrication, design process
email meghahmed@yahoo.com
last changed 2013/10/07 17:08

_id ecaade2013r_008
id ecaade2013r_008
authors Gargaro, Silvia; Fioravanti, Stefano
year 2013
title Traditions based on context. How context ontologies can help archaeological sites.
source FUTURE TRADITIONS [1st eCAADe Regional International Workshop Proceedings / ISBN 978-989-8527-03-5], University of Porto, Faculty of Architecture (Portugal), 4-5 April 2013, pp. 105-114
summary Nowadays ICT tools are part of the cultural tradition of designers and over time have replaced pencil and paper in design development. The application programs for design are many and for different purposes, but the role and importance of Context often are underestimated. For new tradition, it needs “Context Knowledge Model” based on ontologies for the management of buildings and preservation and enhancement of cultural heritage with technological innovation. Context modeling gives the opportunity to address the management of pre-existing building in a conscious way. The interoperability of data and knowledge of Context is important to analyze the quality of building process. This is based on standard concepts of the project for the recovery and restoration of the buildings starting from knowledge of context. The goal of this research is to exploit information technology to advance and define knowledge of context monitoring, management and maintenance of historic buildings. The representation of context is important to understand physical, social, economic and normative Context in which the building was placed. The process used to analyze Context entities were Ontologies. This theoretical model will be applied to underground archaeological Roman sites, to implement semantic levels in IFC and BIM for building design.
keywords Archaeological sites, Collaborative design, Context, Ontology, Design Process
email silvia.gargaro@uniroma1.it
last changed 2013/10/07 17:08

_id acadia13_101
id acadia13_101
authors Rahmani Asl, Mohammad; Zarrinmehr, Saied; Yan, Wei
year 2013
title Towards BIM-based Parametric Building Energy Performance Optimization
source ACADIA 13: Adaptive Architecture [Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5] Cambridge 24-26 October, 2013), pp. 101-108
summary The demand for sustainable buildings with minimal environmental impact and efficient energy use is increasing. The most effective design decisions for sustainable design can be made in the early design phases, but appropriate tools to explore design alternatives and understand their impacts on building energy performance are not available at this stage of the project. The integration of Building Information Modeling (BIM) and parametric modeling is the new trend of building modeling, which can greatly benefit sustainable building design. This research introduces an innovative tool to facilitate integrated parametric BIM and to enhance its applications towards creative, sustainable building design through simulation and optimization. The created tool, Revit2GBSOpt, integrates parametric BIM and building energy performance simulation and enables designers to generate alternative options in BIM to explore the energy performance simulation results automatically. Finding the optimized solution, the BIM model will be updated.
keywords Tools and Interface, Building Information Modeling (BIM), Parametric Simulation, Performance-based Design, Sustainable Design
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email mra1242@tamu.edu
last changed 2014/08/29 07:36

_id sigradi2013_158
id sigradi2013_158
authors Soza, Pedro; Matthew Swarts; Paula Gomez; Jonathan Shaw
year 2013
title On the Process of Building Knowledge to Support the Design of Digital Tools: A Case Study for Future Residential Buildings on Campus
source SIGraDi 2013 [Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Chile - Valparaíso 20 - 22 November 2013, pp. 66 - 70
summary This article presents the process of building knowledge to inform the process of developing a design application for mid-size urban settings. We call such an application Campus Information Modeling – CIM. Four different strategies are exposed, with special interest in a behavioral study regarding users’ qualitative evaluation of buildings they inhabit and how such information will be used in the design of the CIM tool. Finally, implications and future research are discussed.
keywords Campus Information Model; Building knowledge; Behavioral Study; Software Design
series SIGRADI
email pedro.soza@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 09:01

_id ecaade2013r_010
id ecaade2013r_010
authors Pinto, Guilherme; Vieira, Andrea P.; Neto, Pedro L.
year 2013
title Parametric urbanism as digital methodology. An urban plan in Beijing
source FUTURE TRADITIONS [1st eCAADe Regional International Workshop Proceedings / ISBN 978-989-8527-03-5], University of Porto, Faculty of Architecture (Portugal), 4-5 April 2013, pp. 121-132
summary Evolution and innovation in architecture are intensely related to the rise and developments of technology. Within this context, it is possible to recognize how in recent decades this milieu has fostered the development of new methodologies for urban design and architectural practice, as is, for example, the Parameterization. This paper is focused on the subject of Parametric Urbanism: discussing / questioning the emergence of this new architectural methodology; addressing the factors that contributed to its appearance; and seeking to understand whether the parametric approach has benefits and whether it may or may not be a solution or of assistance to urban planning. The paper provides a brief literature review focused on parametric urbanism and then it presents a practical case study of parametric urbanism: an Urban Plan in Beijing, developed in an academic context, at the University École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne in 2012. Having as base diverse examples of parametric urbanism, it is tried to identify/justify decisions defining principles and application guidance for this project. The conclusion presents the final considerations based on opposing the case study with the theoretical approach, seeking to clarify whether this new kind of urban design methodology, Parametric Urbanism, is or not viable.
keywords Parametric Urbanism; urban design; urban design methods; sustainability urbanism; Parametric digital tools
email guilherme_pinto1@hotmail.com
last changed 2013/10/07 17:08

_id caadria2013_183
id caadria2013_183
authors Choo Thian Siong and Patrick Janssen
year 2013
title Semi-Transparent Building Integrated Photovoltaic Facades – Maximise Energy Savings Using Evolutionary Multi-Objective Optimisation
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 127-136
summary The optimisation of semi-transparent building integrated photovoltaic facades can be challenging when finding an overall balanced performance between conflicting performance criteria. This paper proposes a design optimisation method that maximises overall energy savings generated by these types of facades by simulating the combined impact of electricity generation, cooling load, and daylight autonomy. A proof-of-concept demonstration of the proposed method is presented for a typical office facade.  
wos WOS:000351496100013
keywords Multi-objective optimisation, Semi-transparent building integrated photovoltaic 
series CAADRIA
email choothiansiong@yahoo.co.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2013_240
id caadria2013_240
authors Fok, Wendy W.
year 2013
title 3 Scales of Repurposed Disposability – Diversion of Construction, Renovation and Demolition (CRD)
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 811-820
summary Project managers and construction contractors have long recognized the importance of reducing waste and salvaging high value construction and demolition materials such as copper and other metals. Contractors are usually careful about the quantity of materials ordered, how materials are used and how to carefully deconstruct valuable materials. In most cases however, materials that are more difficult to separate and that are worth less per unit weight are still going to landfill, even when they are present in large quantities. This represents an inefficient use of natural resources and uses up landfill capacity unnecessarily. Unfortunately, some contractors do not realize that there are new opportunities for waste minimization, while others are reluctant to implement environmental practices because they believe these practices will increase their project costs. Most contractors are concerned about the cost of the labour that is needed to deconstruct materials for reuse or recycling. However, it has been shown that effective waste management during CRD projects not only helps protect the environment, but can also generate significant economic savings. Various projects from within our practice and within our academic curriculum will be brought into the attention of this paper. Specifics of modularity, form/fit/analysis, fabrication, and off-site production, will be demonstrated within the larger discussion through the focus onto three case studies.  
wos WOS:000351496100074
keywords Construction alternatives, Waste management, Offsite production, Fabrication, Form/Fit/Analysis, Modularity 
series CAADRIA
email wfok@alumni.princeton.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2013_133
id ecaade2013_133
authors Klofutar Hergerši_, Ana; Punger_ar, Enej and Zupan_i_, Tadeja
year 2013
title Non-Verbal Communication in Collaborative Architectural Design
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 227-232
summary The paper introduces a novel approach to understanding the nature of visual communication within the design process in architectural education using open-source interfaces. It derives from the idea that visual non-verbal communication indicates the critical moments of the design process, where communication efficiency could be improved. The aim of this research is to evaluate how effective can non-verbal communication become in the early design phases. We will also discuss how this mode of communication works in collaborative design in architecture and how it relates verbal communication.
wos WOS:000340635300023
keywords Collaboration; collaborative design; architecture; visual non-verbal communication; remote communication.
series eCAADe
email ana.klofutar@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

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