CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ascaad2014_004
id ascaad2014_004
authors Afsari, Kereshmeh; Matthew E. Swarts and T. Russell Gentry
year 2014
title Integrated Generative Technique for Interactive Design of Brickworks
source Digital Crafting [7th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2014 / ISBN 978-603-90142-5-6], Jeddah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), 31 March - 3 April 2014, pp. 49-64
summary Bricks have been used in the construction industry as a building medium for millennia. Distinct patterns of bricks depict the unique aesthetic intentions found in Roman, Gothic and Islamic architecture. In contemporary practice, the use of digital tools in design has enabled methodologies for creating new forms in architecture. CAD and BIM systems provide new opportunities for designers to create parametric objects for building form generation. In masonry design, there exists an inherent contradiction between traditional patterns in brick design, which are formal and prescribed, and the potential for new patterns generated using design scripting. In addition, current tools do not provide interactive techniques for the design of brickwork patterns that can manage constant changes parametrically, to inform and influence design process, by providing design feedback on the constructive and structural aspects of the proposed brick pattern and geometry. This research looks into the parametric techniques that can be applied to create different kinds of patterns on brick walls. It discusses a methodology for an interactive brickwork design within generative techniques. By integrating data between two computational platforms – the first based on image analysis and the second on parametric modeling, we demonstrate a methodology and application that can generate interactive arbitrary patterns and map it to the brick wall in real-time.
series ASCAAD
email kafsari3@gatech.edu
last changed 2016/02/15 12:09

_id ecaade2014_086
id ecaade2014_086
authors Ahmed Sarhan and Peter Rutherford
year 2014
title Integrating Sustainability in the Architectural Design Education Process - Taxonomy of Challenges and Guidelines
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 323-332
wos WOS:000361384700032
summary The last decade have seen substantial calls and increasing pressure for developing an integrated design teaching framework, where sustainability is an imperative priority. This paper focuses on presenting a taxonomy of the main challenges encountered within the educational domain, in the attempt to reach an effective integration. The paper also presents a set guidelines to address and try to resolve the noted challenges. As the use of Building Performance Simulation (BPS) applications is a central approach in this process aiming to reach energy efficient buildings, the paper focuses on the shortcomings noted as a result of the use of these applications in the design studios, with particular emphasis on the thermal and lighting aspects of the simulation. The taxonomy presented is a summary of the findings from literature review, as well as the surveys results which were part of the author's research project discussed in the paper.
keywords Environmental design; building performance simulation; architectural design education
series eCAADe
email ahmed.sarhan@anglia.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ascaad2014_026
id ascaad2014_026
authors Al-Barqawi, Wadia
year 2014
title Virtual Reality: an approach for building Makkah’s architectural identity
source Digital Crafting [7th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2014 / ISBN 978-603-90142-5-6], Jeddah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), 31 March - 3 April 2014, pp. 331-342
summary This paper explores a new approach in the architectural design process aiming to construct Makkah's architectural identity. Makkah, which is a city of unique sacred values, has been losing its battle to preserve it heritage buildings. Traditional districts with their heritage buildings have been cleared in order to construct skyscrapers to accommodate the increasing number of pilgrims. While some argue for preserving heritage buildings others insist in building more skyscrapers. Within these conflicting views, architects and urban designers use CAD software to document heritage buildings without informing the future architectural design process. This paper argues for adopting digital architecture as an approach for preserving the architectural heritage of Makkah by studying heritage buildings as systems that can be digitally represented in virtual world. This goes beyond the physical representation of heritage artefacts to investigate in depth the logic that guide the design process. The roushan, which is one of the unique heritage artefacts in Makkan's architecture can be an interface between reality and the virtual environment in the design process. This goes behind modeling the roushan, to employ the principle of virtual representation in the design process. The digital representation of heritage becomes the realm for research transforming the virtual into reality. The hope is to produce an architecture that is related to its local heritage, contemporary in design and responsive to its environment, as well as to advocate principles, references and techniques at the core of the design process, in an educational and professional context. In broader picture the goal is to achieve a city that is responsive to human activities adapted to changes, sustainable in physical forms and social relations and above all unique in design and identity.
series ASCAAD
email Walb4649@uni.sydney.edu.au
last changed 2016/02/15 12:09

_id ascaad2014_037
id ascaad2014_037
authors Al-Tuhafi, Assda A. and Nasma M. Thabit
year 2014
title The Methodology of Teaching Computer-Aided Architectural Design in the Department of Architecture in Mosul University
source Digital Crafting [7th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2014 / ISBN 978-603-90142-5-6], Jeddah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), 31 March - 3 April 2014, pp. 271; 457-469
summary Several architectural studies tackled the methodologies of teaching the architectural design subject in general and their relation to the use of computer in particular. The trends varied in accordance with the research that is relevant to the subject due to its importance in generating new architectural models, but it didn’t crystallize a theoretical framework that identifies clear and specific vocabularies related to the methodology of teaching the computer-aided architectural design. The current study discusses the importance of this concept in an attempt to explore the particular problem represented by the non-clarity of this methodology in the department of architecture in Mosul University. Therefore, the problem of the research crystallized and its objective and its methodology were identified and this was represented by constructing a theoretical framework which includes several main items. Then the theoretical framework was applied to selected projects of architectural department students in order to manifest the particularity of teaching the computer-aided architectural design. Results showed the distinction of this department as this methodology led to the derivation of different architectural products in accordance with the particular effects using the computer technologies. The results also manifested the change in the architectural design trend that was caused due to the digital intervention in the way of the student's thinking from one hand and the components and the elements of the building from the other hand that the quality of the design can be improved by using the computer and the quantity will be more in shorter time.
series ASCAAD
email assda_altuhafi@yahoo.com
last changed 2016/02/15 12:09

_id sigradi2014_271
id sigradi2014_271
authors Alvarez, Marcelo Paysse
year 2014
title Relevamiento con drones; el caso Real de San Carlos [Drone mapping; case study: Real de San Carlos]
source SiGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 649-652
summary Cultural landscapes, although complex realities, give shape and meaning to the tangible and intangible components which form the foundations of human cultural background. The architecture of the city of Colonia del Sacramento fits within this context, and builds up a unique cultural landscape inserted in the logic of the historical heritage protection system. This concept, which implies wealth but also conflicts, demands a multidisciplinary approach grounded on a wide vision of this issue. Likewise, this comprehensive approach contributes to reverse and correct the lack of capacity and/or interest to save these examples of man-made landscape (prefabrication, mega-projects of the beginnings of the 20th Century, etc.), which are essential pieces of heritage conservation. Since 1943 the bullring is owned by the Municipality of Colonia. In the last decade the building was fenced to prevent breakdown risk. Still, illegal access occurs quite easily, increasing the risk and potential damage, in addition to the spoilage caused by more than one hundred years of inactivity and lack of maintenance. This paper proposes a method to survey and record the current status of the building, from photos taken by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV, drones), allowing the registry without the need of direct access to the site. The survey will enable three types of results: series of mapped photographs, 3D models and an interactive platform for aerial view. The aim is to provide valuable and essential documentation for next stages of consolidation works, competitions and eventualy, new uses of the heritage building.
series SIGRADI
email paysse@farq.edu.uy
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2014_178
id sigradi2014_178
authors Baltazar, Ana Paula; Filipe Silva Gonçalves, Mateus Moreira Pontes, Emidio Dias Maciel e Souza, Luiza Silva Metzker
year 2014
title Ambiente de imersão virtual como ferramenta para mudança de paradigma no processo de projeto arquitetônico: da representação à interação [Virtual immersive environment as a tool for paradigm shift in architecturaldesign process: from representation to interaction]
source SiGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 551-555
summary This paper discusses the possibility of a low-cost immersive virtual environment (AIVITS) shifting the paradigm from representation to interaction in architecture design process. It first presents the perspectival paradigm in architecture, initiated in the Renaissance and culminating with the separation between design, building and use, having representation as its main product. Then it discusses the possibility of having representation as a tool, no longer as a paradigm, in a design process based on interaction. It then presents the interface used in the low-cost immersive virtual environment, which instead of representing the final appearance of the building, stimulates people to play with constructive possibilities by means of gestures.
keywords Immersive environment; Virtual reality; Representation; Interaction; Stereoscopy
series SIGRADI
email baltazar.ana@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2014_342
id sigradi2014_342
authors Bermudez, Jane Jacqueline Espina
year 2014
title Hábitat lagunar, territorio de la complejidad: creación ancestral, diseño y construcción, una aproximación desde la cultura y cosmogonía añú [Lagoon habitat, territory of complexity ancestral creation, design and construction, an approach from the culture and cosmology añú]
source SiGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 540-543
summary The añú community lives in Laguna Sinamaica territory of complexity building their habitat in wooden stilts houses, based on culture and añú cosmogony. A rural-urban intervention is done without understanding the conceptualization and development. This paper presents a methodology for analyzing the lagoon habitat, premises in the creative process, design and construction for future interventions, and a reflection on the use of criteria for urban and architectural design in modern water villages. This work is part of research “Peoples Water in Lake of Maracaibo Basin: History and Habitat”.
keywords lagoon habitat; añú culture; complex view; transversal look; territory of complexity
series SIGRADI
email jjespina@yahoo.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2014_180
id sigradi2014_180
authors Bernardo, Marcus Vinicius Fernandes Rocha; Jose dos Santos Cabral Filho Correo
year 2014
title Fabricação digital e variedade fora do contexto industrial
source SiGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 320-323
summary This paper discusses issues raised during an experiment about the use of digital fabrication technologies in non-industrial contexts in three concurrent fronts: The first front was to get familiarized with the production ecology of a non-industrial building context, the favela. The second front was to verify the accessibility of digital fabrication technologies outside the industry by building a low cost CNC milling machine based on DIY instructions available in the internet. And the last front was to develop useful solutions with this technology to that context. Partial results are guidelines for improving the technology in order to fit the context
series SIGRADI
email mv.augustus@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id acadia14_637
id acadia14_637
authors Boone, Elizabeth
year 2014
title Vacuum Insulated Tubes
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9781926724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 637-646
summary Multi disciplinary research on thermally broken vacuum insulated tubes as a high performance building enclosure.
keywords Material Logics and Tectonics, Multidisciplinary Design Optimization, Computational design analysis, Practice-based and interdisciplinary computational design research, Works in Progress, Computational design research and education
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email Aybars.Asci@SOM.com
last changed 2014/09/29 05:51

_id ascaad2014_002
id ascaad2014_002
authors Burry, Mark
year 2014
title BIM and the Building Site: Assimilating digital fabrication within craft traditions
source Digital Crafting [7th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2014 / ISBN 978-603-90142-5-6], Jeddah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), 31 March - 3 April 2014, pp. 27-36
summary This paper outlines a particular component of very well known project: Antoni Gaudí’s Sagrada Família Basilica in Barcelona (1882– on-going but scheduled for completion in 2026). At the time of writing the realisation of the project has proceeded for 87 years since Gaudí's death (1852-1926). As a building site it has been a living laboratory for the nexus between traditional construction offsite manufacturing and digital fabrication since the computers were first introduced to the project:CAD in 1989 closely followed by CAAD two years later. More remarkably CAD/CAM commenced its significant influence in 1991 with the take-up of sem robotised stone cutting and carving. The subject of this paper is an elevated auditorium space that is one of the relatively few ‘sketchy’ areas that Gaudí bequeathed the successors for the design of his magnum opus.
series ASCAAD
email mburry@rmit.edu.au
last changed 2016/02/15 12:09

_id acadia14projects_55
id acadia14projects_55
authors Carlow, Jason
year 2014
title Parametric Façade Systems: Performance-Driven design for ultra-thin buildings in Hong Kong
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9789126724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 55-58
summary Through design research, analysis and modeling, the project seeks to distort the standardizing forces of building code limitations, economic concerns and mass production on the built environment. The project presents a proposal for an extremely thin building type that features a more responsive, better integrated façade developed with parametric design tools.
keywords Parametric Design, Pre-fabrication, Façade Systems, Digital Fabrication, Linear Domesticity, Building Code
series ACADIA
type Research Projects
email jasoncarlow@gmail.com
last changed 2014/09/29 05:57

_id caadria2014_142
id caadria2014_142
authors Chandra, Daniels and Ning Zhou
year 2014
title BIM Add-on Tool for Automated CUI Calculation
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 305–314
summary The Building and Construction Authority (BCA) of Singapore established Sustainable Construction Master Plan with the goal of achieving a Sustainable Singapore Blueprint. The Concrete Usage Index (CUI) is a part of Sustainable Construction scoring under Singapore’s ‘Green Mark’ system. Since computation of CUI score was formerly calculated manually without the use of BIM software, it was an inaccurate and tedious process. Although calculation of CUI is currently much faster through the use of BIM software, it still faces challenges. The objective of this project is to address those challenges by creating a BIM addon tool which is capable of automating the process of CUI calculation with minimum user input. Our intention is to help the industry to calculate CUI systematically and efficiently while promoting the adoption of BIM.
keywords CUI; Concrete Usage Index; BIM; Green Mark; sustainable design
series CAADRIA
email chandra.daniels@group.ong-ong.com
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id sigradi2014_273
id sigradi2014_273
authors Chiarella, Mauro; Analía Raffin, Silvina Lopaczek, Sebastian Martini, Nicolas Góngora, Francisco Bressan
year 2014
title Pieles Arquitectónicas Dinámicas. Prototipos a escala mediante prototipado rápido, microcontroladores y patrones plegados [Dynamic architectural skins. Scale prototypes using rapid prototyping, microcontrollers and folding patterns]
source SIGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 96-100
summary Contemporary architecture replaces the concept facade by skin: outer layer mediating between the building and its surroundings; active, informed, connected and communicative membrane. Our training and practice in architecture, still working for the rigor and stability of modular geomerías on determinants of a unique spatial and morphological situation passive. In the teaching of architecture in Latin America there are no exercises that incorporate a learning design to create flexible dynamic geometries as possible structures for sensitive skin. The research aims to explore the possibilities and systematize the dynamic folding of planar surfaces using geometric simulation programs (freeform origami, Grasshopper); building scale prototypes (rapid prototyping and arduino microcontroller) and subsequent verification of energy analysis program.
keywords Architectural skin; folded patterns; arduino; rapid prototyping
series SIGRADI
email chiarell@fadu.unl.edu.ar
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id ijac201412105
id ijac201412105
authors Choo, Thian-Siong; Patrick Janssen
year 2014
title Evolutionary Optimisation of Semitransparent Building Integrated Photovoltaic Facades
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 12 - no. 1, 81-100
summary The optimisation of semi-transparent building integrated photovoltaic facades can be challenging when attempting to find an overall balance performance between conflicting performance criteria. This paper presents a three-phase design optimisation method that maximises overall electricity savings generated by these types of facades by simulating the combined impact of electricity generation, cooling load, and daylight autonomy. Two demonstrations are performed, with the difference being that the second demonstration uses an enhanced model for calculating daylight savings that takes into account the use of blinds to counteract glare. For both demonstrations, the three-phase optimisation method significantly reduces optimisation run times. Comparing the design variants evolved by the two demonstrations, the use of the enhanced daylight savings model results in a total electricity savings that is more accurate but in terms of visual differentiation, the difference between the optimized design variants is relatively small.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id ecaade2014_065
id ecaade2014_065
authors Daniel Prohasky, Rafael Moya Castro, Simon Watkins, Jane Burry and Mark Burry
year 2014
title Wind sensing with real-time visualisations for Designers - An approach to understanding wind phenomena for pedestrian comfort using low cost wind sensors
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 165-171
wos WOS:000361384700016
summary The evaluation of a low-tech wind sensing platform for urban aerodynamic simulations relevant to pedestrian comfort. In this paper, the wind canyon effect is simulated with two different building morphologies. The platform provides conceptual knowledge of the dynamics in wind relevant for designers, architectural practitioners and students of design. Low-cost hot wire anemometry is utilised for the design of an Experimental Fluid Dynamic (EFD) wind sensing network interface. This paper explores the validity of the sensing platform for a new approach for non-wind engineers to gain a better understanding of the dynamics of wind. The influence of real-time feedback from quantified wind on the understanding of wind phenomena for non-wind engineers is discussed and compared with post analysis data. It was found that real-time quantified feedback from wind intrigues and stimulates the intuitive notion of wind dynamics through discussion, however post analysis remains critical to evaluate building design performance.
keywords Wind sensing; real-time feedback; experimental fluid dynamics; hot-wire anemometry; atmospheric boundary layer
series eCAADe
email daniel.prohasky@rmit.edu.au
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2014_048
id sigradi2014_048
authors de Miranda, Felipe Ferraz; James Miyamoto, José Ripper Kós
year 2014
title Sistemas de Automação Residencial Construindo Hábitos Sustentáveis nos Moradores [Home Automation Systems Building Sustainable Concern in Households]
source SiGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 567-571
summary This paper presents the interface of a Brazilian house automation system, departing from an analogy of sailing race instruments. It aims to demonstrate the potential of automation systems on the house performance and, more important, on impacting households for a more sustainable behavior. Sailing instruments have positively influenced results on experienced sailors’ speed and ultimately have confirmed their observations on nature cycles. Our argument is that if research on race sailing instruments soon became available to other sailing boats, systems developed to the Solar Decathlon houses’ academic competition could, and should, be accessible to a great number of home owners.
keywords Home Automation; supervisory interface; sustainability; sailing instruments; Solar Decathlon
series SIGRADI
email lipemirandasc@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id acadia14projects_251
id acadia14projects_251
authors Farahi, Behnaz
year 2014
title Breathing Wall
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9789126724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 251-262
summary This installation is aiming to imagine a space that can develop an understanding of its users through their hand/bodily movements and respond accordingly?
keywords Interactive architecture, Kinetic Installation, Human- Building Interaction, Projection mapping, Leap Motion, User participation in design.
series ACADIA
type Student's Research Projects
email Farahibo@usc.edu
last changed 2014/09/29 05:57

_id acadia14projects_185
id acadia14projects_185
authors Hell, Ula; Kehne, Holger; Pichler, Peter
year 2014
title Lamellar Flows: Digitally Conceived Building Skins
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9789126724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 185-188
summary Digital design strategies usually create differentiation and formal complexities in relatively defined and encapsulated settings. This project focuses less on form itself but on the processes of convergence between site, material, structure, function and construction to be forged and calibrated as one specific material system.
keywords parallel, convergence, lamellar, material system, morphology, timber
series ACADIA
type Practice Projects
email mail@plasmastudio.com
last changed 2014/09/29 05:57

_id ecaade2014_042
id ecaade2014_042
authors Henri Achten
year 2014
title The Psychology of Buildings - Computational cognitive strategies for interactive buildings
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 621-627
wos WOS:000361385100065
summary Buildings have to respond to changes in order to remain functional. Traditional means to adapt to change are to design relatively static shells that can accommodate to some degree changes. Recently a number of technologies have come into existence that extend the capacity of buildings to change in a more autonomous way. Such buildings are responsive buildings. In this paper we deal with a special case of such responsive buildings: interactive buildings. Interactive buildings engage in a dialogue with the user and have an internal representation of the user. Interactive buildings can display a variety of 'styles' how they interact with people - these are known as attitudes. As a building may go through a number of attitudes during the interaction with the user, control structures are necessary to determine this change. The mechanisms for these changes are the 'psychology' of the building.
keywords Interactive architecture; building attitudes; computational cognition
series eCAADe
email achten@fa.cvut.cz
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2014_123
id sigradi2014_123
authors Hu, Yongheng; Qinying Li
year 2014
title Study on an Architect-Oriented approach of Structural Performance-based Design
source SIGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay- Montevideo 12,13,14 November 2014, pp. 111-114
summary For most architects, it is not easy to transform their free form of designs into constructable building without precise knowledge structural design and more often the architect need ask structural engineer for consultation. Yet the structural performance of building itself provides possibility for the architect to explore a new form-finding procedure and An approach is introduced in this article and it could be adopted by architects concerning the works of predicting the structural performance in the early design stage. The approach has been developed throughout the architecture history and recently it turns into a computational methodology for architectural design. This article analysis the structural performance design history in architect’s view, compares and explain the current Structural performance-based design methodology and evaluate its value for architecture design.
keywords Performance-Based Design; Structural Optimization; Form-Finding; Computational Design; Tectonic Innovation
series SIGRADI
email toto4356@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

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