CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ecaade2014_141
id ecaade2014_141
authors Martin Tamke, Morten Myrup Jensen, Jakob Beetz, Thomas Krijnen and Dag Fjeld Edvardsen
year 2014
title Building Information Deduced - State and potentials for Information query in Building Information Modelling
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 375-384
summary In recent years, Building Information Models have become commonplace in building profession. The extensive use and increasing experience with BIM models offers new perspectives and potentials for design and planning. A recent stakeholder study conducted by the authors of this paper show that in practice models are no longer solely observed as culmination of knowledge in a 3d representation of future built structures, but as a source of information in itself. Experienced users of BIM want to Find Information within a model or across a set of these and Compare models in order to evaluate states of a model, differences in separate models or models from different point of time. Current BIM tools support both modes only in a rudimentary form. This paper discusses current modes of information query within and across BIM models, shows beneficial scenarios for building and planning practice through customised queries and exemplifies these on the base of a scripted tool. This customized approach is used to test approaches for a machine-based assessment of Level of detail and BIM-readiness in BIM models.
wos WOS:000361385100039
keywords Building information modelling; bim; ifc; openbim; information query; data extraction
series eCAADe
email martin.tamke@kadk.dk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2014_042
id caadria2014_042
authors Alam, Jack and Jeremy J. Ham
year 2014
title Towards a BIM-Based Energy Rating System
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 285–294
summary Governments in Australia are faced with policy implementation that mandates higher energy efficient housing (Foran, Lenzen & Dey 2005). To this effect, the National Construction Code (NCC) 2013 stipulates the minimum energy performance for residential buildings as 114MJ/m2 per annum or 6 stars on an energy rating scale. Compliance with this minimum is mandatory but there are several methods through which residential buildings can be rated to comply with the deemed to satisfy provisions outlined in the NCC. FirstRate5 is by far the most commonly used simulation software used in Victoria, Australia. Meanwhile, Building Information Modelling (BIM), using software such as ArchiCAD has gained a foothold in the industry. The energy simulation software within ArchiCAD, EcoDesigner, enables the reporting on the energy performance based on BIM elements that contain thermal information. This research is founded on a comparative study between FirstRate5 and EcoDesigner. Three building types were analysed and compared. The comparison finds significant differences between simulations, being, measured areas, thermal loads and potentially serious shortcomings within FirstRate5, that are discussed along with the future potential of a fully BIM-integrated model for energy rating certification in Victoria.
keywords Building Information Modelling, energy rating, FirstRate 5, ArchiCAD EcoDesigner, Building Energy Model
series CAADRIA
email Jack.alam@gmail.com
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id ecaade2014_050
id ecaade2014_050
authors Andreas Dieckmann and Peter Russell
year 2014
title The Truth Is In The Model - Utilizing Model Checking to Rate Learning Success in BIM Software Courses
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 417-426
summary Model checking is one of the core methodologies of Building Information Modelling (BIM). It allows us to quickly evaluate models based on custom criteria. While there are known examples of the integration of model checking into the course content of design studios, there is no literature on utilizing this methodology to help in the grading process of BIM software courses. This paper presents a project that applies model checking to the task of rating the learning success of students in such a course. The main project goals were increasing the objectivity of the ratings and reducing the time necessary to process a large number of submitted models. The paper describes a possible approach to categorizing and organizing model checks in an educational context and outlines a proven and tested workflow for automating the rating and feedback process.
wos WOS:000361385100044
keywords Bim education; grading; evaluation; model checking; automation
series eCAADe
email dieckmann@caad.arch.rwth-aachen.de
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2014_133
id ecaade2014_133
authors Armando Trento, Antonio Fioravanti and Francesco Rossini
year 2014
title Health and Safety Design by means of a Systemic Approach - Linking Construction Entities and Activities for Hazard Prevention
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 633-642
summary Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe faces many urgent tasks. Among the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC)international scientific societies, only few researches systematically investigate on how to integrate the design solutions with Health and Safety (HS) planning measures, enhancing a collaborative “fusion” of all involved actors in Design and Construction decision making. Process automation cannot be enhanced until design/management tools, such as Building Information Models, can rely only on entities formalised "per se" geometrical items fulfilled by isolated-object specific information. To face complex problems, BIM models should be able to implement and manipulate multiple sets of entities, qualified by clearly established relationships, belonging to organically structured and oriented (sub-) systems. This paper reports on an early stage research project, focused on the identification of operative rules for Health and Safety design. Implementation on the unique case study of Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana functional refurbishment faces two main objectives: one, more pragmatic, is concerned with boostingworkers education about non-standard operative tasks, by means of accurate ad-hoc construction narrative visualisation; another one, more challenging and theoretically complex, consists in modelling "judgment-based" rules, aimed at supporting automated reasoning in Safety Design.
wos WOS:000361384700063
keywords Construction hazards prevention through design; project construction management and visualization; health and safety management; risk modelling; knowledge representation
series eCAADe
email armando.trento@uniroma1.it
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia14_333
id acadia14_333
authors Briscoe, Danelle
year 2014
title Parametric Planting: Green Wall System Research + Design using BIM
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9781926724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 333-338
summary Parametric planning and planting methodologies challenge the capabilities of Building Information Modelling (BIM) as a design tool; experimenting with alternative file types along with visualization from a Autodesk Revit Material Editor and visual programming plug-in Dynamo workflow.
keywords BIM, parametric, landscape, bio-wall, component, collaboration
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email briscoed@utexas.edu
last changed 2014/09/29 05:51

_id acadia14projects_201
id acadia14projects_201
authors Burger, Shane
year 2014
title South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (Sahmri)
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9789126724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 201-204
summary An outline of the workflow used on the SAHMRI project from design through to fabrication and assembly. SAHMRI, which opened in 2014, features a doubly-curved glass and metal facade with exterior solar fins for shading.
keywords Building Information Modelling, Digital Fabrication and Construction, Computational design analysis
series ACADIA
type Practice Projects
email shane.burger@woodsbagot.com
last changed 2014/09/29 05:57

_id ecaade2014_204
id ecaade2014_204
authors Davide Simeone, Stefano Cursi, Ilaria Toldo and Gianfranco Carrara
year 2014
title B(H)IM - Built Heritage Information Modelling - Extending BIM approach to historical and archaeological heritage representation
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 613-622
summary This paper describes the context and the proposal for the extension of Building Information Modelling to built heritage in order to enhance information management during the investigation and restoration activities. The core of the presented model is the integration of a BIM-based modelling environment and a knowledge base developed by means of ontologies, in order to represent all the semantics needed for a comprehensive representation of the historical artefact.To test its features, the model has been applied to the real archaeological investigation process of the Castor and Pollux temple at Cori, Italy.
wos WOS:000361384700061
keywords Bim; built heritage; ontology-based systems; knowledge management; archaeological investigation
series eCAADe
email davide.simeone@uniroma1.it
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2014_202
id ecaade2014_202
authors Ehsan Barekati and Mark Clayton
year 2014
title A Universal Format for Architectural Program of Requirement - A prerequisite for adding architectural programming information to BIM data models
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 385-394
summary This paper is a report on authors' ongoing effort in creating a universal model for architectural programming. Authors analyse three well-known formats for architectural programming and devise a UML model representing each format. The UML models are further analysed and compared to form a super UML model that can bring together all the three formats under one roof and act as a universal format for architectural programming (UFPOR). The results improve the integration of architectural programming and BIM data models and are of value to the software development field and architectural programing.
wos WOS:000361385100040
keywords Building information modelling; data modelling; architectural programming; interoperability
series eCAADe
email ehsan.barekati@tamu.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2014_052
id sigradi2014_052
authors Guerra Matos, Marcella
year 2014
title Observação e experimentação da Tecnologia 4D no projeto de arquitetura [Observation and experimentation of 4D Technology in architectural design]
source SiGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 547-550
summary This paper presents an experimentation of the use of 4D technology in order to generate a simulation. An approach will be made about this technology, as well as its evolutionary process, and how the graphical representation is changing and used in various applications. It will be shown the advantages fourth dimension can bring to the realization of architectural projects, as well as some advice for the process will be really efficient.
keywords 4D; BIM (Building Information Modelling); Construction manager; Simulation
series SIGRADI
email guerra.marcella@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

_id ecaade2014_052
id ecaade2014_052
authors Kieran A. J. Stapleton, Barry J. Gledson and Zaid Alwan
year 2014
title Understanding technological interoperability through observations of data leakage in Building Information Modelling (BIM) based transactions
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 515-524
summary The use of Building Information Modelling (BIM) and collaborative techniques have been identified as solutions to the problem of managing construction project information and data. However the implementation and success of BIM may stagnate due to issues associated with unsatisfactory technological interoperability, which can impede the flow of information through a project lifecycle. To gain further understanding of technological interoperability within a BIM-enabled project environment, a review of relevant literature was undertaken to assimilate key information and provide a framework for future research. An observational method of reviewing a series of data transactions between multiple BIM packages was then devised in order to assess interoperability issues, and inform future research design. Interim findings from the preliminary stage of this research project have been reported in this paper.
wos WOS:000361385100054
keywords Bim; information technology; interoperability; technology transfer; data leakage
series eCAADe
email barry.gledson@northumbria.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2014_108
id ecaade2014_108
authors Magdy M. Ibrahim
year 2014
title Thinking the BIM Way - Early integration of Building Information Modelling in education
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 427-435
summary Since Building Information Modelling as a technology depends on recognizing parts of the buildings as objects that can be simulated digitally, to prepare students to grasp the BIM way of thinking, educators can start introducing the concept early in the architectural curriculum without using the real tools. The researchers monitored the students' progress over a period of time while they were using different 3 dimensional CAD tools in several situations such as design studio visualization and construction document production until eventually the same group of students have been introduced formally to a real BIM tool. The research tries to establish a relationship between the pedagogical techniques and the success of the students to grasp what BIM is about and the development of their ability to use it fruitfully. Comparisons between their performances should shed the light on the best method to use in order to prepare students for the use of BIM.
wos WOS:000361385100045
keywords Bim; cad; education; pedagogy; objects
series eCAADe
email magdy.ibrahim@adu.ac.ae
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2014_206
id ecaade2014_206
authors Mark J. Clayton, Geoffrey Booth, Jong Bum Kim and Saied Zarrinmehr
year 2014
title The Fusion of BIM and Quadruple Net Value Analysis for Real Estate Development Feasibility Assessment
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 445-453
summary Real estate development may benefit from a decision-support software system that is implemented with Building Information Modelling to perform Quadruple Net Value Analysis. Schemes may be created rapidly using BIM and parametric modeling. They may be assessed for economic, social, and environmental factors using spreadsheets and simulation software. They may be assessed for sensory value by using an immersive visualization system. The idea has been tested as a proof of concept in undergraduate and graduate design studios. It appears to be easy to use for students and effective in directing attention to the four factors and obtaining objective measurements.
wos WOS:000361385100047
keywords Real estate development; building information modelling; immersive visualization
series eCAADe
email mark-clayton@tamu.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2014_138
id ecaade2014_138
authors Martin Tamke, Ina Blümel, Sebastian Ochmann, Richard Vock and Raoul Wessel
year 2014
title From Point Clouds to Definitions of Architectural Space - Potentials of Automated Extraction of Semantic Information from Point Clouds for the Building Profession
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 557-566
summary Regarding interior building topology as an important aspect in building design and management, several approaches to indoor point cloud structuring have been introduced recently. Apart from a high-level semantic segmentation of the formerly unstructured point clouds into stories and rooms, these methods additionally allow the extraction of attributed graphs in which nodes represent rooms (including room properties like area or height), and edges represent connections between rooms (doors or staircases) or indicate neighborhood relationships (separation by walls). In this paper, we investigate possible applications of these approaches in architectural design and building management and comment on the possible benefits for the building profession. While contemporary practice of spatial arrangement is predominantly based on the manual iteration of spatial topologies, we show that the segmentation of buildings in spaces along with the untraditional more abstract graph-based representations can be used for design, management and navigation within building structures.
wos WOS:000361385100058
keywords 3d scanning; point cloud processing; bim; facility management; space syntax
series eCAADe
email martin.tamke@kadk.dk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2014_224
id ecaade2014_224
authors Mohammad Rahmani Asl, Michael Bergin, Adam Menter and Wei Yan
year 2014
title BIM-based Parametric Building Energy Performance Multi-Objective Optimization
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 455-464
summary Building energy performance assessments are complex multi-criteria problems. Appropriate tools that can help designers explore design alternatives and assess the energy performance for choosing the most appropriate alternative are in high demand. In this paper, we present a newly developed integrated parametric Building Information Modeling (BIM)-based system to interact with cloud-based whole building energy performance simulation and daylighting tools to optimize building energy performance using a Multi-Objective Optimization (MOO) algorithm. This system enables designers to explore design alternatives using a visual programming interface, while assessing the energy performance of the design models to search for the most appropriate design. A case study of minimizing the energy use while maximizing the appropriate daylighting level of a residential building is provided to showcase the utility of the system and its workflow.
wos WOS:000361385100048
keywords Building energy performance analysis; building information model (bim); parametric modelling; parametric energy simulation; multi-objective optimization
series eCAADe
email mrah@tamu.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2014_085
id ecaade2014_085
authors Tasos Varoudis and Panagiotis Patlakas
year 2014
title A Model for a Distributed Building Information System
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 505-513
summary This paper sets the theoretical and technological framework for the development of a distributed model for a holistic Building Information System. It commences by summarizing versioning and revision control models in software engineering. Then it proceeds to establish parallels between the distributed revision control process and the building design process and argues that the underlying structure of Building Information Modelling can be exploited for the development of a similar structure for building design. The fundamental framework of such a system, called Distributed Building Information System (DBIS), is described and implementation strategies are discussed, while the potential difficulties are also addressed.
wos WOS:000361385100053
keywords Bim; distributed building information system; source code management
series eCAADe
email t.varoudis@ucl.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2014_230
id ecaade2014_230
authors Tsung-Hsien Wang
year 2014
title Reasoning Spatial Relationships in Building Information Models using Voxels
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 465-471
summary This paper investigates a voxel-based approach to automate the space construction of an ill-defined building information model, namely, a building model without specific spatial definitions. The objective is to provide a simplified representation through clustering voxels to reconstruct spaces, with which a spatial topological algorithm is designed to infer the implicit connectivity. This approach is treated as the first step to automate building information exchange for building performance simulation and knowledge-intensive reasoning.
wos WOS:000361385100049
keywords Building information modelling; voxel; automatic building information exchange; topological spatial relationship
series eCAADe
email tsung-hsien.wang@sheffield.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2014_105
id ecaade2014_105
authors Zaid Alwan, Peter Holgate and Paul Jones
year 2014
title Applying BIM to Sustainable Performance Evaluation in Design Projects: An Educational Approach for Architecture Programmes
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 437-444
summary The merits and potential of Building Information Modelling (BIM) have been promoted for several years; however, its widespread adoption and development may potentially stagnate on account of a technical skills shortage, with insufficient personnel having the capabilities to successfully deliver projects. This shortfall covers all aspects of BIM, and building performance and life cycle analysis in particular. Programmes such as Ecotect, Revit, Green Building Studio, and Project Vasari, have transformed data capture and analysis, enabling architects and systems engineers to visualise site analyses and to test preliminary designs. As BIM is a relatively new process which continues to develop rapidly, Higher Education Institutions need to respond to currency and change while striving to provide graduates with the advanced skills to satisfy the needs of the building industry. This work presents a case study of the application of Autodesk's Building Performance Analysis Certificate (BPAC) as a driver for learning in support of the integration of BIM into the architectural curriculum.
wos WOS:000361385100046
keywords Virtual building performance i; bim collaboration; data transfer; sustainability education
series eCAADe
email zaid.alwan@unn.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2014_145
id caadria2014_145
authors Aydin, Serdar and Marc Aurel Schnabel
year 2014
title A Survey on the Visual Communication Skills of BIM Tools
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 337–346
summary Building Information Modelling (BIM) applications are supported by various modelling tools, being expansive to deliver visualised geometry and databases simultaneously. But there is still a gap in visual communication amongst its professionals. Articulating the advantages of fully Web-based collaboration, this paper looks into how BIM tools make contribution to visual communication between different parties working collaboratively. A hybrid model of low-level and high-level interactions is tentatively conceptualised. Based on the hybridised model, a survey is conducted to elucidate a few experiential matters such as visual aesthetics, cognition and motivational impacts of visualisation in BIM tools. Following the survey, a discussion is oriented towards a new storytelling methodology with a novel term, namely gamification. Seeking motivating and efficient means of visual communication between human-human, human-tool and human-model interactions, the present study focuses on an enhanced legibility and appreciation of tools by those who are involved in BIM projects.
keywords Narrative visualisation; infinite computing; information aesthetics; gamification; hybrid model of interaction
series CAADRIA
email serdar@cuhk.edu.hk
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id caadria2014_028
id caadria2014_028
authors Chaszar, André and Bige Tunçer
year 2014
title Integrating User and Usage Information in a Design Environment
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 45–54
summary We describe research exploring and demonstrating the use of large-scale data gathering and processing to inform the activities of architectural and urban designers. We apply this research to public spaces in urban housing estates. The aim is to understand the current use patterns and usability of these spaces, and to adaptively redesign them according to the insights gained from these findings. Another aim of the research is to obtain scientific knowledge regarding the production and use of user-data-based design support systems which promote and enhance the capability of (digital) design aids, such as building- and urban-scale models, to act as ‘learning devices’ giving designers better insights to the nature of the design situations they are asked to address, as well as insights on design space definition and exploration. We adopt a multimodal data collection strategy, consisting of participatory workshops for residents and users, person-based crowdsourcing, location-based crowd sensing, and statistical demographics data.
keywords integrated design environment; multi-modal data collection; data visualization; data analysis; public space design.
series CAADRIA
email andre_chaszar@sutd.edu.sg
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id sigradi2014_301
id sigradi2014_301
authors Dametto, Ana Paula de Andrea; Janice de Freitas Pires, Monica Veiga, Adriane Borda Almeida da Silva
year 2014
title Representações de Patrimônio Arquitetônico: para documentar, difundir e tocar [Representations of Architectural Heritage: for documenting, disseminating and touching]
source SiGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 487-490
summary In this paper experiences of documenting an artifact of cultural interest are reported, these experiences were made possible by the interaction between researchers of two areas of study: Memory and Heritage and Digital Graphic Representation. These experiences include building a registration form, obtaining models in virtual reality, augmented reality and 3D printing. The different perceptual dimensions that each type of description can add to an inventorial system were observed as well as which organizational and access to information implications each of these types requires from such a system.
keywords Architectural heritage; architectural documentation; advanced technologies of representation and visualization; metallic artifacts
series SIGRADI
email anapauladametto@hotmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

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