CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ascaad2014_036
id ascaad2014_036
authors Assassi, Abdelhalim; Belal Taher and Samai Rachida
year 2014
title Intelligent Digital Craft to Recognize Spatial Installations for Residential Designs
source Digital Crafting [7th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2014 / ISBN 978-603-90142-5-6], Jeddah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), 31 March - 3 April 2014, pp. 195-196; 443-456
summary Architecture took an evolutionary context over time, where designers were interested in finding pragmatic spontaneous appropriate solutions and met the needs of people in urban and architectural spaces. Whereas, in modern architecture an intense and varied competition happens between architects through various currents of thoughts , schools and movements, however, that creativity was the ultimate goal , and a the same time we find that every architect distinguishes himself individually or collectively through tools of architectural expression and design representation adopting a school of thought, using , for example, the leaves of various sizes and diverse technical drawing tools to accurately show that he can be read by professionals or craftsmen outside the geographical scope to which it belongs .With the rapid technological development which accompanied the digital craft in the contemporary world , The digital craft summed up time, distance and tools , so they gave the concept more appropriate accuracy , as virtualization has become the most effective tool for Architecture To reach the ideal and typical results at the practical level, or pure research. At the level of residential design and on the grounds that housing plays an important role in the government policies and given that housing is a basic unit common to all urban communities on earth , the use of different programs to show its typicality in two dimensions or in the third dimension - for example, using software "AutoCAD " " 3D Max " , " ArchiCAD " ... etc. - gave virtualisation smart, creative and beautiful forms which lead to better understand the used /or to be used residential spaces, and thus the conclusion that the life system of dwelling under design or under study , as can specifically recognize spatial structure in housing design - using digital software applying "Space Syntax" for example - in the shadow of slowly growing digital and creative development with the help of high-speed computers . the morphological structure of the dwelling is considered to be the most important contemporary residential designs Investigation through which the researcher in this area aims to understand the various behavioral relations and social structures within the projected residential area, using Space Syntax techniques. Through the structural morphology of dwellings can be inferred quality networks, levels of connectivity and depth and places of openness or closure within the dwelling under study, or under design. How, then, have intelligently contributed this digital craft to the perception of those spatial fixtures ? The aim of this research is to apply an appropriate program in the field of vernacular residential design and notably Space syntax which relate to the understanding and analysis of spatial structures, and also demonstrate its role at the morphological and spatial structure aspects, and prove how effective it helps to understand the social logic of domestic space through social individual/collective relationships and behaviors projected on the spatial configurations of dwellings. The answer to the issue raised above and at the methodological aspect, the study discussed the application of space syntax techniques on the subject. The findings tend to prove the efficiency by comparing samples of Berber vernacular domestic spaces from the Mzab, the Aures and Kabilya in Algeria, and has also led to ascertain the intelligibility of space syntax techniques in reading the differences between the behaviors in domestic spaces in different areas of the sample through long periods of time .
series ASCAAD
email abdelhalim.assassi@gmail.com
last changed 2016/02/15 12:09

_id acadia14_409
id acadia14_409
authors Bard, Joshua; Gannon, Madeline; Jacobson-Weaver, Zachary; Jeffers, Michael; Smith, Brian; Contreras, Mauricio
year 2014
title Seeing is Doing: Synthetic Tools for Robotically Augmented Fabrication in High-Skill Domains
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9781926724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 409-416
summary The historical split between visualization and actualization in architectural design has encouraged a disciplinary split between representation (the domain of the designer) and construction (a domain entirely removed from the Architect’s purview). This split between seeing and doing in architectural design can be questioned in the context of contemporary robotic technologies where physical and digital workflows comingle in high-skill, collaborative domains.
keywords Architectural Robotics, Human-Robot Collaboration, MOCAP, Adaptive Fabrication, High-Skill Domain, Robotics and Autonomous Design Systems
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email jdbard@cmu.edu
last changed 2014/09/29 05:51

_id ascaad2014_002
id ascaad2014_002
authors Burry, Mark
year 2014
title BIM and the Building Site: Assimilating digital fabrication within craft traditions
source Digital Crafting [7th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2014 / ISBN 978-603-90142-5-6], Jeddah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), 31 March - 3 April 2014, pp. 27-36
summary This paper outlines a particular component of very well known project: Antoni Gaudí’s Sagrada Família Basilica in Barcelona (1882– on-going but scheduled for completion in 2026). At the time of writing the realisation of the project has proceeded for 87 years since Gaudí's death (1852-1926). As a building site it has been a living laboratory for the nexus between traditional construction offsite manufacturing and digital fabrication since the computers were first introduced to the project:CAD in 1989 closely followed by CAAD two years later. More remarkably CAD/CAM commenced its significant influence in 1991 with the take-up of sem robotised stone cutting and carving. The subject of this paper is an elevated auditorium space that is one of the relatively few ‘sketchy’ areas that Gaudí bequeathed the successors for the design of his magnum opus.
series ASCAAD
email mburry@rmit.edu.au
last changed 2016/02/15 12:09

_id sigradi2014_213
id sigradi2014_213
authors Daas, Mahesh
year 2014
title Toward a taxonomy of architectural robotics
source SiGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay- Montevideo 12,13,14 November 2014, pp. 623-626
summary Robotics in architecture is a fast-emerging area of research and design today. The current research and practices of robotics in architecture tend to be, to a great degree, techno-positivist and framed by a narrowly defined instrumentalist view. The paper presents comprehensive taxonomy of a broad range of robotic applications so as to meaningfully guide, systematize, and clarify multi-faceted design or research explorations in architecture and beyond. The paper advances four frameworks: role of robotics in architecture; modes of interaction between robots, humans and architecture; the Vitruvian framework; and robots classified by form; all of which point to new avenues of potential exploration while also revealing the gaps and biases in the current research and design in the discipline.
keywords Robots; Architectural Robotics; Taxonomies; Robotic Fabrication
series SIGRADI
email mahesh@mahesh.org
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id acadia14_573
id acadia14_573
authors Ekmekjian, Nazareth
year 2014
title From Surface to Volume: An Approach to Poche` with Composites
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9781926724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 573-578
summary While the digital era has brought with it a vast assortment of tools from which we can generate form and geometry, often the result is a tendency to focus primarily on either surfaces or solids as a means of modeling for representation or fabrication which consequently impact the various fabrication and construction techniques deployed in order to realize such digital models. This paper presents an approach to coalesce techniques of surface generation via computational tools, and strategies for constructing volumetric elements through a process of backfilling with composite materials.
keywords Robotics and Autonomous Design Systems, Craft in a Digital Age, Material Logics and Tectonics, Digital Fabrication and Construction, Computational Design Research, Generative Design.
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email nazareth@mit.edu
last changed 2014/09/29 05:51

_id acadia14projects_135
id acadia14projects_135
authors Freeland, David; Buck Brennan
year 2014
title Flight Patterns
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9789126724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 135-138
summary Flight Patterns is a 48 inch box kite that studies how spatial and perceptual complexity can be developed through the structural logic of the space frame. The project reinvestigates Alexander Graham Bell's tetrahedral kite as a potential architectural structure through a logic of hierarchy and difference, trading lift for a complex three-dimensional order of intricately stacked volumes.
keywords Craft in the Digital Age, Material logics and Tectonics, Computational Design Research and Education, Digital Fabrication and Construction, Theory, Philosophy and Methodology of Computational Design Research
series ACADIA
type Research Projects
email david@freelandbuck.com
last changed 2014/09/29 05:57

_id caadria2014_108
id caadria2014_108
authors Gokmen, Sabri
year 2014
title "Tangle Jungle": An Experimental Project to Combine Collaboration and Craftsmanship in Digital Design Pedagogy
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 13–22
summary Tangle Jungle was an experiment in an alternative method of design and making for the digital age. The aim of the project was to interpret and reenact traditional craftmanship through today's digital tools. For a particular study on the subject, we looked at the theory and works of William Morris. Morris had an exceptional taste for medieval art and produced, among other things, hand-woven carpets that are still studied today. Morris reinvented the art of his time by reviving pre-industrial modes of production and designs. Today, the digital age is experiencing a similar paradigm shift. Digital tools already work, in many instances, as a direct extension of the hands of a new breed of digital artisan makers. It is possible to assess that the digital is getting closer to Morris's notion of craftsmanship. Tangle Jungle became a testing ground for this historical connection, bringing forth the question, can we redefine our own digital craftsmanship as a form of digitally reenacted Gothic revival?
keywords William Morris; Craft, Fabrication; Digital Design; Gothic.
series CAADRIA
email sabrigokmen@gatech.edu
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id acadia14projects_131
id acadia14projects_131
authors Ibañez, Mariana; Kim, Simon
year 2014
title CentriPETAL
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9789126724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 131-134
summary This is a prototype for an architectural device with two performative behaviors. The first is to rotate open and close for apertures, and to spin so that sound and air movement is produced.
keywords Robotics and Autonomous Design Systems, Human-Machine Interaction
series ACADIA
type Research Projects
email simon.kim@i-k-studio.com
last changed 2014/09/29 05:57

_id caadria2014_237
id caadria2014_237
authors Imbern, Matias
year 2014
title (Re)Thinking the Brick: Digital Tectonic Masonry Systems
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 211–220
summary "The introduction of digital tools in the production of architecture undoubtedly constitutes the main force behind contemporary architectural innovation. In addition, the interaction of digital technologies with analog craft manufacturing -a rather unexplored field of study- suggests a wide range of novel opportunities. This research focuses on developing a framework for deploying digital design techniques to the production of bricks under vernacular technology as a medium of achieving geometrical variations and functional complexity in domestic-scale projects. Solid clay bricks are embedded in traditional ceramic-construction culture. Thus, this investigation faces the challenges of making a feasible innovative system in a country where digital fabrication is not an economically viable option, and engaging a design that can be easily implemented with current hand-labour. Consequently, the new bricks would be massively introduced in the construction market, allowing novel formal and functional possibilities for designers.
keywords Ceramics; brick; tectonic; digital tools; fabrication; vernacular technology
series CAADRIA
email mimbern@post.harvard.edu
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id caadria2014_150
id caadria2014_150
authors Knapp, Chris; Jonathan Neslon and Michael Parsons
year 2014
title Constructing Atmospheres
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 149–158
summary This paper documents and critically reflects upon the design, development, fabrication, and implementation of three pavilion projects developed during 2013-14. The core investigation of this work is the production of architectural spaces characterized by a quality of enveloping, diffuse, visual and spatial atmospheres. The principal activity of the research is aimed at refining methods for software-based exploration of formal complexities and the subsequent need to control variability and efficiency in fabrication output, using Grasshopper for Rhino to develop customized definitions particular to each specific project scenario. Linking the projects together are issues of scale, resolution of effect, and intent to move from disparate assemblies of structure and skin toward composite, manifold construction techniques that address multiple concerns (gravity, bracing, affect, etc) with a minimum of assembly. A material palette common to the current vernacular of CNC-based projects such as plywood, plastics, and other sheet materials is utilised. This work is invested in extending the possibilities of the architect and architecture as a discipline, extrapolating the workflow from these successive projects to the speculative impact of the work upon emerging possibilities of architectural construction and craft.
keywords 3d modelling; Digital fabrication; Rhinoceros; Grasshopper; Tessellation
series CAADRIA
email cknapp@bond.edu.au
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id acadia14projects_91
id acadia14projects_91
authors Maeshiro, Jeffrey
year 2014
title Geoweaver
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9789126724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 91-94
summary Geoweaver is a six-legged walking 3D printer that extrudes thermoplastic as it walks, translating parametric data into two- and three-dimensional products.
keywords Robotics and Autonomous Design Systems, robotics, parametric design, 3D printing, craft, data-driven, computation
series ACADIA
type Research Projects
email jmaeshiro@cca.edu
last changed 2014/09/29 05:57

_id acadia14_399
id acadia14_399
authors Ozel, Guvenc
year 2014
title Case For an Architectural Singularity: Synchronization of Robotically Actuated Motion, Sense-Based Interaction and Computational Interface
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9781926724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 399-408
summary By fusing sensing technology, robotics and coding in unison with architectural form designed to move and reconfigure itself, a new kind of architecture that goes through a formal transformation in interaction with the user can be imagined and devised. Aiming to merge human presence with space through technology, this new architecture defines space as an extension of the human body and consciousness rather than one that regulates and controls it.
keywords Sensing technology, robotics, consciousness
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email guvenc.ozel@aud.ucla.edu
last changed 2014/09/29 05:51

_id acadia14projects_247
id acadia14projects_247
authors Piaseczynska, Marta; Karaivanov, Rangel; Strohmayer, Jurgen
year 2014
title Vertiguous Interiors
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9789126724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 247-250
summary The combination of composite fabrication methods and industrial-scale robotics allows us to investigate moving volumes as highly spatial, architectural installations. The complexity of this installation lies in the choreographed motion of two proto-architectural figures: two carbon-fibre shells are designed with interlocking apertures, structural ribs that accentuate the perceived motion from the inside, and degrees of translucency that create secondary apertures.
keywords movement, robotics, composites, volume, live-feed, figure, Interactive Architecture,
series ACADIA
type Student's Research Projects
email jurgen.strohmayer@gmail.com
last changed 2014/09/29 05:57

_id caadria2014_256
id caadria2014_256
authors Senske, Nicholas
year 2014
title Digital Minds, Materials, and Ethics: Linking Computational Thinking and Digital Craft
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 831–840
summary This paper describes the connections between computational thinking and digital craft, and proposes several ways that architectural education can cultivate better digital craft, specifically: motivating the use of computational strategies, encouraging a conceptual understanding of computing as a medium, teaching computer programming, and discussing digital ethics. For the most part, these subjects are not widely taught in architecture schools. However, moving forward, if the profession values good design, it must also value good digital craft, and ought to instil a way of working in the next generation of architects that makes the most of both the computer and the designer. Computational thinking provides a common foundation for defining and instilling this critical mindset and, therefore, deserves greater consideration within architectural pedagogy.
keywords Digital craft; computational thinking; ethics
series CAADRIA
email nsenske@uncc.edu
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id ascaad2014_000
id ascaad2014_000
authors Sidawi, Bhzad and Zaki Mallasi (eds.)
year 2014
title Digital Crafting: Virtualizing Architecture and Delivering Real Built Environment
source 7th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2014) [ISBN 978-603-90142-5-6], Jeddah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), 31 March - 3 April 2014, 470 p.
summary In decades past, the architect was the master-builder with hands-on craftsman experience to design and direct the various trades in the construction of the building. The role of digital design, computation methodologies and processes are poised to transform how we think and craft architecture to deliver today's built environment. Digital crafting methods in today's thinking process for a designer/builder/manufacturer are affecting the delivery of buildings as a final product with aspiration to create rich sensory and habitable environments. ASCAAD 7th Conference theme explores the linkages among digital design process thinking, constructability, the digital manufacturing process and their impact on the practice of architecture, engineering and construction. ASCAAD society has invited academics, researchers and professionals to join and contribute to the debate on the use of Computer-Aided Architectural Design and Information Technology and how the use/ implementation would support and lead to innovative concepts, tools, systems and products on architectural, Urban/City/ regional planning, and building science levels.
series ASCAAD
email conference@ascaad.org
last changed 2016/02/15 12:09

_id ascaad2014_010
id ascaad2014_010
authors Stevens, James and Ralph Nelson
year 2014
title Digital Vernacular: Practicing architectural making
source Digital Crafting [7th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2014 / ISBN 978-603-90142-5-6], Jeddah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), 31 March - 3 April 2014, pp. 137-147
summary Prior to the Industrial Age, most architecture was created by the master craftsman or within the vernacular trades where “design” and “making” were aligned. The Industrial Age, and most recently the Information Age, shifted the role of the architect away from that of the “master craftsman” to the professional “knowledge worker.” As a result, a divide between design and making in the practice of architecture occurred.  This shift impacted an essential part of the architect’s process by degrading the symbiotic relationship between mind and hand and limiting the immediate design consequences that only making can provide. But recent technological developments have changed the economic model of design and making in architectural practice and re-established this lost connection. Most importantly, it has provided new opportunities for craft, design, and architectural practice to align. The purpose of this paper is to examine these new opportunities and define what constitutes the digital vernacular. The paper will seek to define the digital vernacular by evaluating each of the following variables: materials, knowledge, and tools. Using normative practice as a control, the paper will conduct a comparative analysis of these variables by examining economic viability (cost-to-wage ratios), logistical feasibility (training & facilities), and skillset availability within the domain of architecture (insourced versus outsourced). Using this data, and resulting guidelines, the paper will demonstrate the successes and failures of a practice using the digital vernacular as its primary project delivery methodology. The focus of this research is not to build an inventory of equipment and methods; rather it is to develop a higher understanding of what constitutes vernacular practice within the digital age. Exploring the digital vernacular is not intended to seek new form-making, but to improve and inform understanding of traditional vernacular methods and to enable a new generation of master craftsmen. This clarity is imperative as to ensure the quality of design and making with emerging technologies and help to prevent high-volume, low-quality results.
series ASCAAD
email jstevens@ltu.edu
last changed 2016/02/15 12:09

_id acadia14projects_255
id acadia14projects_255
authors Troufanov, Nikita; Huller, Brennen
year 2014
title Rheological Translations
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9789126724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 255-258
summary Rheological Translations project explores the idea of material agency through a process of translations between multiple media. Using robotically precise technique of rotational resin casting and subsequent scanning of the resulting artifacts, the project proposes an architectural construct that is ‘precisely inexact’.
keywords Robotics and Autonomous Design Systems, Material Agency, Resin Casting, Form Studies, 3D Scanning
series ACADIA
type Student's Research Projects
email nikitatroufanov@gmail.com
last changed 2014/09/29 05:57

_id acadia14projects_31
id acadia14projects_31
authors Vazquez, Alicia Nahmad; Inamura, Chikara; Zabel, Joshua; El Sayed, Mostafa; Sondergaard, Asbjorn; Bhooshan, Shajay
year 2014
title Topologically Optimized Concrete Shell Structure
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9789126724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 31-34
summary This prototype – a topologically optimised concrete shell - aimed to extend the rich legacy of form-finding to adequately represent the complexities of scale, digital designsystems and delivery mechanisms of contemporary architectural practice. It explores synergies in early design between architecture, structuralengineering, and manufacturing.
keywords Craft in the digital age, simulation + intuition, collective intelligence in design, material logics and tectonics, computational design research and education, digital fabrication and construction, practice based and interdisciplinary computational design research.
series ACADIA
type Research Projects
email ali_nahmad@hotmail.com
last changed 2014/09/29 05:57

_id ecaade2014_173
id ecaade2014_173
authors Wendy W Fok
year 2014
title Premise - A discussion on open source, networks, and digital property in architecture.
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 391-397
summary This research paper questions the relationship between the legal, ethical, and economic challenges that are presented by new ways of utilizing trademark, intellectual property, and copyright law within design production and creative purposes of architectural design. While it does not attain a conclusive resolution-as this is a developmental body of applied research, and includes a great deal of exploration of reform within the legal system-the paper addresses the systemic propositions, issues of inspiration and precedents, and case-studies in architectural design production that are implicit in new forms of legal transformation which could potentially address the issues within the worlds of design, economics, and law. It is hereby proposed that by understanding these relationships with respect to the prevalent global economic model, research in understanding architecture and law may be able to identify ways of restructuring and offer alternative (or, evolutionary) modes of ethical protection and equitable reward to all members contributing to the production system.
wos WOS:000361384700039
keywords Digital property; open source; networks; intellectual property; extralegal norms
series eCAADe
email wfok@gsd.harvard.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2014_021
id ecaade2014_021
authors Aant van der Zee, Bauke de Vries and Theo Salet
year 2014
title From rapid prototyping to automated manufacturing
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 455-461
summary In this paper we present an outline of a newly started project to develop a tool which connects BIM to a manufacturing technique like 3D printing. First we will look some promising manufacturing techniques. We will design a small dwelling and export it into a BIM, from which we will extract our data to generate the path the nozzle has to follow. The chosen path is constrained by the material properties, the design and speed of the nozzle. To validate the system we develop a small VR tool in which we mimic a manufacturing tool.
wos WOS:000361384700045
keywords Rapid prototyping; rapid manufacturing; robotics; automation; building information model (bim)
series eCAADe
email a.v.d.zee@tue.nl
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

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