CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 20 of 365

_id ecaade2014_053
id ecaade2014_053
authors Baris Cokcan, Johannes Braumann and Sigrid Brell-Cokcan
year 2014
title Performative Wood
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 131-138
summary This research builds upon projects from both university and practice to explore new approaches on how the multifunctionality, flexibility, and performance of wood can be utilized to inform new approaches towards both design and fabrication. The following projects use physical prototypes to bend wood just within its tolerances, design with the high precision of multi-axis robotic fabrication in mind, and finally inform the shape of a large free-form structure through material properties.
wos WOS:000361385100013
keywords Wood; high-performance material; cnc; robotic fabrication; geometric design
series eCAADe
email robots@robotsinarchitecture.org
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2014_167
id ecaade2014_167
authors Pavlos Fereos and Marios Tsiliakos
year 2014
title Isoprototyping - Rapid Robotic Aided Fabrication for Double Curvature Surfaces
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 433-443
summary IsoPrototyping is a research initiative, undertaken at the Institute fur experimentelle architektur.hochbau, within the context of the Vertiefung Hochbau and Sonderkapitel des hochbaus courses, which specialize on building construction. Through the case study of an iso-surface spatial configuration, this research targets the exploration of innovative digital prototyping methodologies, that would allow rapid and cost-efficient fabrication, capable of manufacturing any given double curved surface. The ABB industrial robots of REX-Lab programmed in combination with custom designed, recalibrated dry-mold, surface-producing apparatus, formed the framework for a proficient, yet flexible, process describing and fabricating implicit non-linear systems.
wos WOS:000361384700043
keywords Industrial robots; pin-board; rapid-prototyping; dry-recalibrated mould; digital-fabrication
series eCAADe
email pavlos.fereos@uibk.ac.uk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2014_069
id caadria2014_069
authors Sosa, Ricardo; Qinqi Xu and Rajesh Elara Mohan
year 2014
title The House That Roomba Built
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 647–656
summary The "Roomba House" (RH) is a novel generative design approach based on robotic interaction with the physical environment in order to inductively identify design opportunities for improving the design of future robot-inclusive spaces and furniture. The paper presents the theoretical and technological details of this approach, an empirical study of a cleaning robot and sample results from an evolutionary system inspired by heuristics inductively derived from the study. RH is an informed provocation based on the recognition that increasingly widespread domestic robots that roam our living spaces will infer key features and help produce creative design solutions that maintain or improve user requirements while improving their inclusiveness in everyday life.
keywords Robots, evolutionary creativity, computational creativity
series CAADRIA
email ricardo_sosa@sutd.edu.sg
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id ascaad2014_033
id ascaad2014_033
authors Al-Mousa , Sukainah Adnan
year 2014
title Temporary Architecture: An urban mirage
source Digital Crafting [7th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2014 / ISBN 978-603-90142-5-6], Jeddah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), 31 March - 3 April 2014, pp. 405-413
summary One of the emerging multidisciplinary contemporary art practices is interactive installation art, which is concerned with constructing a temporary artistic environment that is digital, responsive and engaging. It is usually displayed within existing architectural context whether indoor in a gallery space or outdoor in a public space. Recent examples of such art projects show that interactivity and illusion are effectively present and highly influential in the perception and memory of the place. A digital display on a building façade can remain attached to the history of the site in the spectator’s memory even after the display is removed. An interactive space that involves body response and emotional sensory interaction can determine the narrative perceived from the experience. These trends seemingly bring together the physical context and the digital space to contain the spectator. The two mediums are merged to provide a new genre of space, hence a new mode of perception where the art space mediates people’s movement and overlay the context with new meanings. Multiple backgrounds are involved in the creative process of interactive installation art, all of which involve examining various concepts through artistic engagement with temporary spaces. Here, particularly because of interactivity and immerseveness, the spectator becomes part of the performance (the subject); with his moving and reacting he activates the narrative and probably gives it its shape. This paper aims to explore the potentials of the digital spatial display to enhance or weaken our sense of belonging to the surrounding environments while creating an illusionary space within the real physical one. It also aims to discuss how this influence would affect the memory of the mixed experience; the installation being digital, temporary and illusive and the space being physical, permanent and real. What happens to the “spectator” when contained by the digital-interactive and the physical medium(s)?. In order to unfold the mentioned questions, the study uses theories of perception and performance reflected on live case studies of recent art projects where the researcher becomes a member of the audience and an observer at the same time in order to trace the journey inside this new medium. In an era where time is being more difficult to grasp and identities of visual culture is becoming more difficult to define, temporary responsive environments can provide some openings where space becomes durational, yet, influential, and where people’s movements become more meaningful in the visual terrain.
series ASCAAD
email s.almousa@sheffield.ac.uk
last changed 2016/02/15 12:09

_id sigradi2014_271
id sigradi2014_271
authors Alvarez, Marcelo Paysse
year 2014
title Relevamiento con drones; el caso Real de San Carlos [Drone mapping; case study: Real de San Carlos]
source SiGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 649-652
summary Cultural landscapes, although complex realities, give shape and meaning to the tangible and intangible components which form the foundations of human cultural background. The architecture of the city of Colonia del Sacramento fits within this context, and builds up a unique cultural landscape inserted in the logic of the historical heritage protection system. This concept, which implies wealth but also conflicts, demands a multidisciplinary approach grounded on a wide vision of this issue. Likewise, this comprehensive approach contributes to reverse and correct the lack of capacity and/or interest to save these examples of man-made landscape (prefabrication, mega-projects of the beginnings of the 20th Century, etc.), which are essential pieces of heritage conservation. Since 1943 the bullring is owned by the Municipality of Colonia. In the last decade the building was fenced to prevent breakdown risk. Still, illegal access occurs quite easily, increasing the risk and potential damage, in addition to the spoilage caused by more than one hundred years of inactivity and lack of maintenance. This paper proposes a method to survey and record the current status of the building, from photos taken by unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV, drones), allowing the registry without the need of direct access to the site. The survey will enable three types of results: series of mapped photographs, 3D models and an interactive platform for aerial view. The aim is to provide valuable and essential documentation for next stages of consolidation works, competitions and eventualy, new uses of the heritage building.
series SIGRADI
email paysse@farq.edu.uy
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id caadria2014_279
id caadria2014_279
authors Austern, Guy; Soungmin Yu, Mara Moral and Theerapat Jirathiyut
year 2014
title The Urban Genome
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 263–272
summary The influence of urban morphology on the energy consumption of a fabric has been recently established by research into the energy use of existing cities. This paper suggests a framework for generating environmentally adapted urban tissue by using genetic algorithms as form-finding processes. A series of multi-objective optimization algorithms are described. The geometric abstractions used as a basis for these algorithms are illustrated in detail, and the results and implications of these types of simulations are discussed. The methodology developed within this paper was tested on one km2 site in three cities of varying climates, and further expanded into a detailed case study within one city.
keywords Urban simulation; Environmental design; Optimization; Genetic Algorithms; Urban Morphology
series CAADRIA
email guyaustern@gmail.com
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id ascaad2014_002
id ascaad2014_002
authors Burry, Mark
year 2014
title BIM and the Building Site: Assimilating digital fabrication within craft traditions
source Digital Crafting [7th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2014 / ISBN 978-603-90142-5-6], Jeddah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), 31 March - 3 April 2014, pp. 27-36
summary This paper outlines a particular component of very well known project: Antoni Gaudí’s Sagrada Família Basilica in Barcelona (1882– on-going but scheduled for completion in 2026). At the time of writing the realisation of the project has proceeded for 87 years since Gaudí's death (1852-1926). As a building site it has been a living laboratory for the nexus between traditional construction offsite manufacturing and digital fabrication since the computers were first introduced to the project:CAD in 1989 closely followed by CAAD two years later. More remarkably CAD/CAM commenced its significant influence in 1991 with the take-up of sem robotised stone cutting and carving. The subject of this paper is an elevated auditorium space that is one of the relatively few ‘sketchy’ areas that Gaudí bequeathed the successors for the design of his magnum opus.
series ASCAAD
email mburry@rmit.edu.au
last changed 2016/02/15 12:09

_id caadria2014_047
id caadria2014_047
authors Dickinson, Susannah and Sheehan Wachter
year 2014
title Nature as a Comprehensive Model: A Biomimetic Installation
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 627–636
summary The following group installation was part of a seminar on biomimetics at the University of Arizona, USA. The design began with research into various natural systems, namely cell growth and morphogenesis and digital tools. In nature cells contain preprogrammed responses based on intrinsic properties which allow for differentiation and adaptation to external forces. This logic of cell morphology was developed into the installation design. Form specificity and topological variation was developed through the manipulation of a material system, bending and loading identical components to adapt to external forces, such as the sun, while simultaneously navigating the site, providing structure and ultimately architectural space.
keywords Biomimetics; pedagogy; simulation; design/build
series CAADRIA
email srd@email.arizona.edu
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id acadia14projects_185
id acadia14projects_185
authors Hell, Ula; Kehne, Holger; Pichler, Peter
year 2014
title Lamellar Flows: Digitally Conceived Building Skins
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9789126724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 185-188
summary Digital design strategies usually create differentiation and formal complexities in relatively defined and encapsulated settings. This project focuses less on form itself but on the processes of convergence between site, material, structure, function and construction to be forged and calibrated as one specific material system.
keywords parallel, convergence, lamellar, material system, morphology, timber
series ACADIA
type Practice Projects
email mail@plasmastudio.com
last changed 2014/09/29 05:57

_id caadria2014_184
id caadria2014_184
authors Janssen, Patrick and Vignesh Kaushik
year 2014
title Plot Packing
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 533–542
summary Generative design tools can accelerate the optioneering process by allowing designers to quickly generate large numbers of design variants, thereby enabling a wider and more thorough exploration to be conducted. This paper focuses on procedures for generating inner city street networks and city block massing studies for sites within existing urban areas. A novel procedure is proposed that is capable of subdividing complex non-orthogonal sites into similarly sized well-formed plots and subsequently further subdividing these plots into sizes appropriate for selected city block typologies. The application of the procedure is demonstrated on a site in Singapore.
keywords Urban optioneering; street networks; parametric urbanism; quadrilateral mesh generation
series CAADRIA
email patrick@janssen.name
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id caadria2014_526
id caadria2014_526
authors Leidi, Michele and Arno Schlüter
year 2014
title Conceiving Design Schemes of Urban Architecture Through Volumetric Site Analysis
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 963–964
series CAADRIA
type poster
email leidi@ arch.ethz.ch
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id caadria2014_171
id caadria2014_171
authors Lo, Chia-Hui and Teng-Wen Chang
year 2014
title Lily: Developing a Contextual Idea Linking Tool for Designing on Site
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 667–676
summary This research develops a supporting tool (Lily) to inspire designer generates relevant ideas while he or she is on site visiting. This mobile application has been developed via scenario-based design paradigm and testing experiment. Based on the analysis of the interaction process from experiment observation, the visualization is comprised of both the physical information (site) and virtual information (linking form idea pieces) that is implemented based on the Location-Based technology with iOS application platform. An implementation called Lily.
keywords Mobile; idea linking; on site; design tool
series CAADRIA
email nicoinschool@gmail.com
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id sigradi2014_266
id sigradi2014_266
authors Lonsing, Werner; Peter Anders Ph.D.
year 2014
title Portable Architectural Design - Developing a Immersive Augmented Reality System for Architects
source SIGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay- Montevideo 12,13,14 November 2014, pp. 166-169
summary The architectural design process is, besides sketching, bound to the office. The introduction of computational design did not really change it. This paper will introduce and discuss the development of an affordable solution for a wearable and immersive augmented-reality-system (AR) for architects based on simple hardware components with some essential options to create and edit three-dimensional virtual shapes while being on-site.
series SIGRADI
email sigradi2014@lonsing.de
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id caadria2014_102
id caadria2014_102
authors Lopes, João V.; Alexandra C. Paio and José P. Sousa
year 2014
title Parametric Urban Models Based on Frei Otto’s Generative Form-Finding Processes
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 595–604
summary Presently there is a progressive tendency to incorporate parametric design strategies in urban planning and design. Although the computational technologies that allow it are recent, fundamental theories and thinking processes behind it can be traced back to the work conducted at the Institute for Lightweight Structures (IL) in Stuttgart, between the 1960’s and 1980’s. This paper describes an experimental urban research work based on Frei Otto and Eda Schaur's thoughts on unplanned settlements, and on the form-finding experiences carried out at IL. By exploring the digital development of parametric and algorithmic interactive models, two urban design proposals were developed for a site in Porto city. Out of this experience, this paper suggests that today the act of design can benefit from a deeper understanding of the natural processes of occupation and connection.
keywords Parametric urbanism; generative design; form-finding; Frei Otto
series CAADRIA
email jvsls@iscte-iul.pt
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id caadria2014_013
id caadria2014_013
authors Moya, Rafael; Flora Salim and Mani Williams
year 2014
title Pneumosense Project
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 369–378
summary The study of wind conditions in the urban context has multiple application areas such as for cleaning pollution through ventilation, analysing wind pressures on building façades, and improving pedestrian comfort. In this context, the Pneumosense project is a student’s project focused in the design of a kinetic system to ameliorate negative impact of wind conditions in pedestrian areas in the city of Melbourne. Its development considers several stages including site analysis, analogue wind tunnel testing, digital simulations with Computational Fluid Dynamic software, material explorations, kinetic component design with Arduino, and rapid prototyping.
keywords Urban aerodynamics; windbreak; wind tunnel simulation; computational fluid dynamics; architectural prototype
series CAADRIA
email s3296513@student.rmit.edu.au
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id ecaade2014_199
id ecaade2014_199
authors Nancy Diniz and Hai-Ning Liang
year 2014
title A Mobile Sensing Kit for Urban Analysis - For more legible, quantifiable intangible and temporary data
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 63-70
summary This paper describes the design and testing of a mobile sensing kit for real-timeurban site analysis. It aims to contribute to a discussion on the importance ofsensing-based mapping of urban phenomena following our assertion that current delivery of urban analysis methodologies, with their emphasis on visuo-spatialanalysis only, fail to create maps that reflect the nuanced and layered interrelationships between the people and the physical environmental space they live in. In essence, the paper will bring to light the set up components and deployment of a mobile sensing kit that allows for usually mapped static invisible data (air quality, temperature, humidity) to be mapped as visible data. In other words, we want to explore how real-time geo-referenced data collection can enhance traditional data mapping and visualization methods enabling designers to understand better the urban space.
wos WOS:000361384700005
keywords Environmental data collection; mobile sensing; intangible data collection and visualization; city modeling; site surveying with open hardware; diy electronics
series eCAADe
email nancy.diniz@xjtlu.edu.cn
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ijac201412103
id ijac201412103
authors Park, Ju Hong; Takehiko Nagakura
year 2014
title A Thousand BIM: A rapid value-simulation approach to developing a BIM tool for supporting collaboration during schematic design
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 12 - no. 1, 47-60
summary The purpose of this study is to develop a BIM-based plug-in that is able to assist a collaboration among heterogeneous professionals. The tool will enable them to communicate in the same language, articulate criteria and priorities in multiple perspectives, and to share rapidly simulated evaluations of schematic design variations. Among many barriers that block collaborations among professionals, a quintessential barrier in the building and design industries may be epistemological rather than physical. The professionally different ways of thinking, expertise, values, and priorities can be a block on the collaborative development process of architectural design projects. This paper takes the example of the relationship between developers and architects, who tend to have different evaluation criteria. A real-time value simulation tool is introduced as a means to generate possible building typologies on a given project site, with computation of expected total values expressed in simple financial terms.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id ascaad2014_009
id ascaad2014_009
authors Rahmann, Heike and Jillian Walliss
year 2014
title Interdisciplinary Intersections: New roles for digital technologies and landscape architecture in the design of large scale infrastructures
source Digital Crafting [7th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2014 / ISBN 978-603-90142-5-6], Jeddah (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), 31 March - 3 April 2014, pp. 123-135
summary The introduction of BIM is assumed to introduce higher degrees of collaboration and efficiencies within design and construction practices. The potentials of this collaboration tend to focus on architecture, engineering and construction (AEC). Landscape architecture is rarely discussed within this model, technically nor conceptual. This paper explores the potentials of landscape architecture’s contribution to this new model of digitally driven collaboration. Drawing on interviews with the architects, landscape architects and engineers we explore the role of landscape architecture in the conceptualization, design and construction of the Victorian Desalination Plant, a highly political project located on an ecological sensitive coastal site. This paper highlights the centrality of the landscape digital model in mediating the critical intersection between the design parameters, physical attributes of the site, performative qualities of the design and the disciplines of architecture, landscape and engineering. This model also formed the dominant method for communicating the complex project to stake holders and clients. Significantly, this model was not developed into a BIM model, with content instead integrated into the architectural and engineering models. This research highlights one of the major difficulties in conceptualizing the positioning of landscape architecture within a BIM driven collaborative process. To operate effectively, landscape architecture must engage across the multiple scales and disciplinary intersections. Consequently, landscape architects must understand the digital and spatial languages of architecture and engineering, and conceptualise where their contribution lies within ‘paperless’ design and construction processes. This outcome differs significantly from current debates within landscape architecture which instead focus on the identification of ‘the’ specialist BIM software most appropriate to the discipline, as distinct from understanding BIM as a collaborative process.
series ASCAAD
email hrahmann@unimelb.edu.au
last changed 2016/02/15 12:09

_id ijac201412102
id ijac201412102
authors Rekittke, Joerg; Yazid Ninsalam, Philip Paar
year 2014
title No Fear of Ridicule - deploying plaything technology for credible representations of urban landscape
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 12 - no. 1, 27-46
summary As technology affine urban landscape architects, working in Asian mega cities, we conduct research on urbanity beyond prime premises and nice neighbourhoods with maximum tourist potential. We roam through crowded and super narrow, widely informal city layouts, where we apply our digital fieldwork equipment and conduct design work. In these places we test low cost cameras and camera drones, tools that had been developed as documentation equipment for outdoor sportspersons respectively playthings for all the world. Technically limited, if not insufficient and physically labile, these basic tools help us to experiment in the field without problematic loss risks and without scaring people on site. In this paper, we describe a method of on-site data and image gathering, which allows the processing of 3D models of labyrinthine informal city spaces. The result of our study is a three-dimensional puzzle of sufficient precision, making a widely inaccessible and undocumented piece of city terrain visible, understandable and designable.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id acadia14_699
id acadia14_699
authors Speranza, Philip
year 2014
title Attachment' As Agency in Off-Site And On-Site Indicators of Phenomena in Geospatial Urban Analysis Tools
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9781926724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 699-708
summary Using data to connect people and place in urban design, this paper describes an approach to create custom urban analysis tools to gather geospatially specific data off-site and on-site. Unlike traditional planning software such as ArcGIS this approach uses open urban design scale software, plugins and custom scripts to individually formulate and understand new relationships and new datasets of ephemeral phenomena gathered on-site and off-site.
keywords Big Data, Simulation + Intuition, Interactive Architecture, Open Source in Design, Parametric and Evolutionary Design, Design Computing and Cognition
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email speranza@uoregon.edu
last changed 2014/09/29 05:51

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