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_id caadria2015_092
id caadria2015_092
authors Wu, Chengde; Henan Li and Wei Yan
year 2015
title Fatal Fire Risk Checking for Residential Building Design
source Emerging Experience in Past, Present and Future of Digital Architecture, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2015) / Daegu 20-22 May 2015, pp. 303-312
summary Building fire puts great threat on people’s lives and causes huge numbers of fatalities each year. In 2007, total fire death in the United States alone was 3,430. The number of fatalities is distributed among residential 75.5%, non-residential 3.6%, vehicle 16.7%, outside 1.6%, and other 2.6%. Although much research has been done on building fire simulation to support designing safer buildings, all simulation systems currently available are focused on major factors in non-residential buildings such as bottlenecks, arching, pushing, etc. Residential building fires and non-residential fires are very different in many aspects. Therefore simulation systems focused on non-residential buildings have little effects on residential buildings. In this research, we analysed major factors causing deaths in residential building fires, and filtered out building design related factors. We then developed a system which shows the risk of fatal fire in residential building designs. This system is expected to help architects to easily detect potential risks of fatal fire and design safer residential buildings.
keywords Residential building fire; fire simulation; Building Information Modelling.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2015/06/05 05:14

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