CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 20 of 559

_id caadria2015_033
id caadria2015_033
authors Hadilou, Arman
year 2015
title Phototropism of Tensile Façade System through Material Agency
source Emerging Experience in Past, Present and Future of Digital Architecture, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2015) / Daegu 20-22 May 2015, pp. 127-136
summary This paper researches material agencies, mechanical systems and façade designs that are able to respond to environmental changes through local interactions, inspired by biological systems. These are based on a model of distributed intelligence founded on plants and animal collectives, from which intelligent behavior emerges through simple local associations. Biological collective systems integrate material form and responsiveness and have the potential to inform new architectural and engineering strategies. The design approach of this research is based on a data-driven methodology spanning from design inception to simulation and physical modeling. Data-driven models, common in the fields of natural science, offer a method to generate and test a multiplicity of responsive solutions. The driving concepts are three types of evolutionary adaptation: flexibility, acclimation, and learning. The proposed façade system is a responsive textile shading structure which uses integrated actuators that moderate their local environments through simple interactions with their immediate neighbors. Computational techniques coupled to material logics create an integral design framework leading to heterogeneous environmental and structural conditions, producing local responses to environmental stimuli and ultimately effective performance of the whole system.
keywords Responsive facade; phototropism; material intelligence.
series CAADRIA
email armanhadilou@utexas.edu
last changed 2015/06/05 05:14

_id ecaade2015_209
id ecaade2015_209
authors D'Uva, Domenico
year 2015
title Parametric Morphogenesis - An Historical Framing in London's Architecture beyond the Verge of the 20th Century
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 381-387
summary The approach of contemporary architecture with urban environment has always been in perpetual evolution. The path between concept and real building has been driven since ancient times by traditional drawing tools which discretized the architect ideas into shapes. The cases studied for morphogenesis evolution, featured in the top-notch architectural firms, have been framed into two different strategies. In the first family the shape is created by the modifications of several distinct geometrical elements, which create formal complexity. In the second family of buildings the complexity is the result of very few geometrical elements, whose morphogenetic process generates complex forms. As the geometrical elements decrease in number, the draft shape must undergo a deeper process of modification to solve the functional, sustainability and structural issues.
wos WOS:000372317300041
series eCAADe
email doduva@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id cf2015_328
id cf2015_328
authors Gamez, Oscar; Bignon, Jean-Claude and Duchanois, Gilles
year 2015
title Assisted construction of non-standard wooden walls and envelope structures by parametric modeling
source The next city - New technologies and the future of the built environment [16th International Conference CAAD Futures 2015. Sao Paulo, July 8-10, 2015. Electronic Proceedings/ ISBN 978-85-85783-53-2] Sao Paulo, Brazil, July 8-10, 2015, pp. 328.
summary We introduce a parametric modeling method in the field of computer-aided architectural conception, which aims to produce non-standard wooden walls and envelopes with CNC machinery. This method explores the application of polygonal cellular structures (as patterns) on facade and envelope interventions for new and old projects. We innovate by bringing the 3D production environment complexity into the conception model to improve the production of manifold woodworking items by CNC (Computer Numerical Control) 3D fabrication. A recent experimentation, tests the entire workflow from parametric modeling to production of two full-scale prototypes. The results prove the range of inputs offered by the method to be functional, though it needs various improvements in order to optimize parametric modeling and digital fabrication procedures. Future research will focus on treating a wider range of joints via parametric modeling and deal with joint creation regardless wall deformation to expand the morphological approach of non-standard wooden walls design.
keywords Non-standard walls, Computer-aided architectural design, Wood construction, Parametric modeling, CNC fabrication, Mass customization.
series CAAD Futures
email gamez@crai.archi.fr
last changed 2015/06/29 05:55

_id acadia15_137
id acadia15_137
authors Ireland, Tim
year 2015
title A Cell-Inspired Model of Configuration
source ACADIA 2105: Computational Ecologies: Design in the Anthropocene [Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-53726-8] Cincinnati 19-25 October, 2015), pp. 137-148
summary This paper presents a bottom-up approach to organising architectural-space, which offers a fresh outlook on the automatic generation of architectural layouts. Artificial creatures, modelled on Eukaryotic cells, are used as components with which to generate configurations articulating patterns of habitation. These components represent discrete activities. Activity is perceived to be the basic building block of spatial configuration in architecture. Attributes, pertaining to input and outputs, establish activities as occurring in chains of action; affected by that which has preceded and affecting that which is to transpire. Being artificial creatures these activity-components have the capacity to interact with their environment and each other, and self-organise to form aggregations. The model demonstrates an ecological approach to designing in a manner that unites computational design with biological and semiotic theory. The theoretical basis of the model is first outlined, and then the computer model is presented and described.
keywords Agents, Artificial Life, Configuration, Spatial Organisation, Behaviour of Organisms, Activity Diagrams
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email t.ireland@ucl.ac.uk
last changed 2016/08/05 11:37

_id cf2015_484
id cf2015_484
authors Liao, Kai; Vries, Bauke de; Kong, Jun and Zhang, Kang
year 2015
title Pattern, cognition and spatial information processing: Representations of the spatial layout of architectural design with spatial-semantic analytics
source The next city - New technologies and the future of the built environment [16th International Conference CAAD Futures 2015. Sao Paulo, July 8-10, 2015. Electronic Proceedings/ ISBN 978-85-85783-53-2] Sao Paulo, Brazil, July 8-10, 2015, pp. 484.
summary In this paper, we review and extend the idea of Alexander’s “pattern language”, especially from the viewpoints of complexity theories, information systems, and human-computer interaction, to explore spatial cognition-based design representations for “intelligent and adaptive/interactive environment” in architecture and urban planning. We propose a theoretic framework of design patterns “with spatial information processing”, and attempt to incorporate state-of-the-art computational methods of information visualization/visual analytics into the conventional CAAD approaches. Focused on the spatial-semantic analytics, together with abstract syntactic pattern representation, by using “spatial-semantic aware” graph grammar formalization, i.e., Spatial Graph Grammars (SGG), the relevant models, algorithms and tool are proposed. We testify our theoretic framework and computational tool VEGGIE (a Visual Environment of Graph Grammar Induction Engineering) by using actual architectural design works (spatial layout exemplars of a small office building and the three house projects by Frank Lloyd Wright) as study cases, so as to demonstrate our proposed approach for practical applications. The results are discussed and further research is suggested.
keywords Pattern language, complex adaptive systems, spatial cognition, design representations, spatial information processing, Artificial Intelligence, visual language, Spatial Graph Grammars (SGG), spatial-semantic analytics.
series CAAD Futures
email kliao@tue.nl
last changed 2015/06/29 05:55

_id acadia15_185
id acadia15_185
authors Mogas-Soldevila, Laia; Duro-Royo, Jorge; Oxman, Neri
year 2015
title Form Follows Flow: A Material-Driven Computational Workflow for Digital Fabrication of Large-Scale Hierarchically Structured Objects
source ACADIA 2105: Computational Ecologies: Design in the Anthropocene [Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-53726-8] Cincinnati 19-25 October, 2015), pp. 185-193
summary In the natural world, biological matter is structured through growth and adaptation, resulting in hierarchically structured forms with tunable material computation. Conventional digital design tools and processes, by contrast, prioritize shape over matter, lacking integration between modeling, analysis, and fabrication. We present a novel computational environment and workflow for the design and additive manufacturing of large-scale hierarchically structured objects. The system, composed by custom multi-barrel deposition attached to robotic positioning, integrates material properties, fabrication constraints and environmental forces to design and construct full-scale architectural components. Such components are physically form-found by digitally extruding natural polymers with functionally graded mechanical and optical properties informed by desired functionality and executed through flow-based fabrication. In this approach, properties such as viscosity, velocity, and pressure embed information in two-dimensional printing patterns and induce three-dimensional shape formation of the fabricated part. As a result, the workflow associates physical material and fabrication constraints to virtual design tools for modeling and analysis, challenging traditional design workflows and prioritizing flow over form.
keywords Material-driven Design, Additive Manufacturing, Integrated Design Workflows, Digital Fabrication, Digital Design Process, Material Ecology
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email dumo@mit.edu
last changed 2016/08/05 11:37

_id sigradi2015_10.140
id sigradi2015_10.140
authors Neves, Isabel Clara
year 2015
title Scientific Approach to the Project in a Computational Perspective of Architecture: The Hochschule für Gestaltung-Ulm and its Diaspora
source SIGRADI 2015 [Proceedings of the 19th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - vol. 2 - ISBN: 978-85-8039-133-6] Florianópolis, SC, Brasil 23-27 November 2015, pp. 528-543.
summary This article focus on the evolution of the HfG-Ulm, its teachers and central ideas, and emphasizes on ideological continuity of this School in the United States by selecting the path of Horst Rittel and the ideas he developed at UC Berkeley. It presents a reflection about the ideas that developed from the HfG-Ulm, through foreign students and teachers exchanges, being important to understand how their ideas have been developed, generating different outputs, in a significant period that went until the 70’s and which marked the introduction of different computational concepts in architecture, enabling the interaction of computers in architectural practice.
series SIGRADI
email 20093022@fa.lisboa.pt
last changed 2016/03/10 08:56

_id sigradi2015_9.141
id sigradi2015_9.141
authors Perelli, Bruno; Hamuy, Eduardo; Sotta, Paola de la
year 2015
title Validation of Visual Idioms for Shared Assessment of Studio Course Results
source SIGRADI 2015 [Proceedings of the 19th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - vol. 2 - ISBN: 978-85-8039-133-6] Florianópolis, SC, Brasil 23-27 November 2015, pp. 444-450.
summary A visualization artifact, aims at assisting a process of collective and individual analysis of assessment and learning outcomes from participants in a design studio course. A research by design approach supported by the Nested Model for Visualization Design and Validation framework was used. Display modes in Cartesian structure diagrams and radial structure diagrams, were analyzed through heuristic methods and subsequently submitted to student user testing. The evidence provided by the case study indicates a positive qualitative assessment from students regarding the purpose of the tool but are not yet conclusive regarding optimal morphological representation of the information.
series SIGRADI
email bperelli@uchilefau.cl
last changed 2016/03/10 08:57

_id ecaade2015_280
id ecaade2015_280
authors Adilenidou, Yota
year 2015
title Error as Optimization - Using Cellular Automata Systems to Introduce Bias in Aggregation Models through Multigrids
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 601-610
summary This paper is focusing on the idea of error as the origin of difference in form but also as the path and the necessity for optimization. It describes the use of Cellular Automata (CA) for a series of structural and formal elements, whose proliferation is guided through sets of differential grids (multigrids) and leads to the buildup of big span structures and edifices as, for example, a cathedral. Starting from the error as the main idea/tool for optimization, taxonomies of morphological errors occur and at a next step, they are informed with contextual elements to produce an architectural system. A toolbox is composed that can be implemented in different scales and environmental parameters, providing variation, optimization, complexity and detail density. Different sets of experiments were created starting from linear structural elements and continuing to space dividers and larger surface components.
wos WOS:000372316000067
series eCAADe
email yota_adilenidou@hotmail.com
more https://mh-engage.ltcc.tuwien.ac.at/engage/ui/watch.html?id=5cf73be0-6e8f-11e5-b7a4-1b188b87ef84
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2015_235
id ecaade2015_235
authors Ahmar, Salma El and Fioravanti, Antonio
year 2015
title Biomimetic-Computational Design for Double Facades in Hot Climates - A Porous Folded Façade for Office Buildings
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 687-696
summary Biomimetic design is an approach that is gaining momentum among architects and designers. Computational design and performance simulation software represent powerful tools that help in applying biomimetic ideas in architectural design and in understanding how such proposals would behave. This paper addresses the challenge of reducing cooling loads while trying to maintain daylight needs of office buildings in hot climatic regions. Specifically, it focuses on double skin facades whose application in hot climates is somewhat controversial. Ideas from nature serve as inspiration in designing a porous, folded double façade for an existing building, aiming at increasing heat lost by convection in the façade cavity as well as reducing heat gained by radiation. The cooling loads and daylight autonomy of an office room are compared before and after the proposed design to evaluate its performance.
wos WOS:000372316000076
series eCAADe
email salma_elahmar@yahoo.com
more https://mh-engage.ltcc.tuwien.ac.at/engage/ui/watch.html?id=f87306fc-6e90-11e5-845a-00190f04dc4c
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id cf2015_240
id cf2015_240
authors Aksoy, Yazgi Badem; Çagdas, Gülen and Balaban, Özgün
year 2015
title A model for sustainable site layout design of social housing with Pareto Genetic Algorithm: SSPM
source The next city - New technologies and the future of the built environment [16th International Conference CAAD Futures 2015. Sao Paulo, July 8-10, 2015. Electronic Proceedings/ ISBN 978-85-85783-53-2] Sao Paulo, Brazil, July 8-10, 2015, pp. 240.
summary Nowadays as the aim to reduce the environmental impact of buildings becomes more apparent, a new architectural design approach is gaining momentum called sustainable architectural design. Sustainable architectural design process includes some regulations itself, which requires calculations, comparisons and consists of several possible conflicting objectives that need to be considered together. A successful green building design can be performed by the creation of alternative designs generated according to all the sustainability parameters and local regulations in conceptual design stage. As there are conflicting criteria's according to LEED and BREAM sustainable site parameters, local regulations and local climate conditions, an efficient decision support system can be developed by the help of Pareto based non-dominated genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) which is used for several possibly conflicting objectives that need to be considered together. In this paper, a model which aims to produce site layout alternatives according to sustainability criteria for cooperative apartment house complexes, will be mentioned.
keywords Sustainable Site Layout Design, Multi Objective Genetic Algorithm, LEED-BREEAM.
series CAAD Futures
type normal paper
email yazbadem@hotmail.com
last changed 2015/06/29 07:30

_id sigradi2015_8.81
id sigradi2015_8.81
authors Alvarado, Rodrigo García; Lobos, Danny; Nope, Alberto; Tinapp, Frank
year 2015
title BIM + UAV Assessment of Roofs’ Solar Potential
source SIGRADI 2015 [Proceedings of the 19th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - vol. 1 - ISBN: 978-85-8039-135-0] Florianópolis, SC, Brasil 23-27 November 2015, pp. 336-340.
summary This paper describes a novel method for determining the capacity to generate solar energy integrated into the roofs of buildings by aerial survey using UAVs and BIM models for sizing the covering surfaces and integration of solar panels. Various digital procedures are enchained like planning of trajectories, image processing, geometric reconstitution, simulation of solar radiation and calculation of energy generation to promote on-site installation of clean energy sources in existing buildings, to ensure a more sustainable habitat.
keywords BIM, UAV, Solar Energy, Sustainable Building
series SIGRADI
email rgarcia@ubiobio.cl
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id caadria2015_202
id caadria2015_202
authors Amtsberg, Felix; Felix Raspall and Andreas Trummer
year 2015
title Digital-Material Feedback in Architectural Design
source Emerging Experience in Past, Present and Future of Digital Architecture, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2015) / Daegu 20-22 May 2015, pp. 631-640
summary This paper studies the architectural potential of the implementation of material feedback using computer vision before and during an automated fabrication process. The combination of an industrial robot and a 3D camera is used expand the typical one-way design and fabrication process (from a digital design to a physical output), to a feedback loop, where specific material information becomes the main trigger of design decisions and fabrication processes. Several projects developed by the authors and tested during a robotic workshop aim to unveil different aspects of material feedback in architectural design, opening a discussion for the benefit and challenges of this new approach to design and fabrication.
keywords Material feedback; robotic fabrication; computer vision; digital workflow; robotic workshop;
series CAADRIA
email felix.amtsberg@tugraz.at
last changed 2015/06/05 05:14

_id cf2015_485
id cf2015_485
authors Anaf, Márcia and Harris, Ana Lúcia Nogueira de Camargo
year 2015
title The geometry of Chuck Hoberman as the basis for the development of dynamic experimental structures
source The next city - New technologies and the future of the built environment [16th International Conference CAAD Futures 2015. Sao Paulo, July 8-10, 2015. Electronic Proceedings/ ISBN 978-85-85783-53-2] Sao Paulo, Brazil, July 8-10, 2015, pp. 485.
summary The cognitive-theoretical foundation referring to teach drawing as a way of thinking, as well as the construction of the environment by means of drawing using transforming geometries and the formal and para-formal computational process, creating unusual geometries through generative design processes and methodologies, can be seen as some of the main possibilities in exploring dynamic experimental structures for an Adaptive Architecture. This article presents the development of a model for articulated facades, inspired by Hoberman´s Tessellates, and his Adaptive Building Initiative (ABI) project to develop facades models that respond in real time to environmental changes. In addition, we describe an experiment based on the retractable structures, inspired by Hoberman´s work and experimentations. Solutions for responsive facades can offer more flexible architectural solutions providing better use of natural light and contributing to saving energy. Using Rhinoceros and the Grasshopper for modeling and test the responsiveness, the parametric model was created to simulate geometric panels of hexagonal grids that would open and close in reaction to translational motion effects, regulating the amount of light that reaches the building.
keywords Parametric architecture, Hoberman´s Tessellates, Adaptive Building Initiative (ABI), Articulated Facades, Complex Geometries, Retractable structures, Retractable polyhedra.
series CAAD Futures
email marciaanaf@uol.com.br
last changed 2015/06/29 05:55

_id caadria2015_126
id caadria2015_126
authors Aydin, Serdar and Marc Aurel Schnabel
year 2015
title Fusing Conflicts Within Digital Heritage Through the Ambivalence of Gaming
source Emerging Experience in Past, Present and Future of Digital Architecture, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2015) / Daegu 20-22 May 2015, pp. 839-848
summary Digital Heritage is amphibian by spanning between unreal-real (digital) and real-real (actual) environments. Or its amphiboly derives from a fact that relies not on contrasting realities but a hub from which an oscillation occurs between the real and the actual. Inferring to Baudrillard’s criticism of contemporary art, this paper presents these disparities and ambivalent conditions found in digital heritage by examining a full-dome media-art application called Look-Up. Touching upon the authenticity issue in cultural heritage, a design research project, Augmenting Kashgar, is then introduced on the basis of the claim that a design manner can fuse conflicts within Digital Heritage. Developed within the special context of Kashgar, China’s westernmost city, the methodology of the project that follows a Research through Design (RtD) approach is provided. Making use of the architectural features of Kashgar, designing a digital game as a counter-strategy to existing cultural heritage programmes is discussed with references to Baudrillard’s perspective on video games and gamers.
keywords Digital Heritage; Research through Design; game design; Augmenting Kashgar Project; Baudriallard.
series CAADRIA
email serdar@cuhk.edu.hk
last changed 2015/06/05 05:14

_id sigradi2015_11.34
id sigradi2015_11.34
authors Bacinoglu, Saadet Zeynep
year 2015
title From material to material with new abilities. Performative Skin: an unfinished product derived through the organizational logic as developed through research on ‘movement’
source SIGRADI 2015 [Proceedings of the 19th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - vol. 2 - ISBN: 978-85-8039-133-6] Florianópolis, SC, Brasil 23-27 November 2015, pp. 631-636.
summary This paper presents the process and products from research on ‘a movement behavior’, transforming the initial surface from one state to other states. The study developed an initial model of material organization inspired by nature: the adaptable exoskeleton of the armadillium vulgare. Through geometric analysis of functional variation in the exoskeleton’s unit shape, and physical model making, the underlying principle is translated into design & production rules. The generative model of ‘an adaptable segmented system’ is constructed through a geometric abstraction of the exoskeleton, achieving diverse functions such as variability in form, volume, porosity, flexibility and strength, through a distribution of ‘material geometry’ with the folding technique. The potentiality of this parametric physical model (based on simple systematicity) is questioned in relation to diverse situations that result in complex surface adaptations. This research shows the formulation of a design intention.
keywords Digital Craft, Folding, Material Computation, Informed Matter
series SIGRADI
email bacinoglu@itu.edu.tr
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ecaade2015_333
id ecaade2015_333
authors Baerlecken, Daniel and Gokmen, Sabri
year 2015
title Osteotectonics - Trabecular Bone Structures and Their Adaptation for Customized Structural Nodes Using Additive Manufacturing Techniques
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 439-448
summary This paper discusses an approach to adapting trabecular bone structures for the design of complex architectural components exemplified through structural nodes. Based on the paradigm shift in additive fabrication, namely the ability to print structural metals, this paper identifies new methods for architectural and structural design that allow to create porous, intricate architectural components. Those components are designed in analogy to bone structures. The paper presents a metaball-based application, programmed in Processing, which allows creating n-legged nodes using parametric gradient maps. The approach aims at reduction of weight and waste, while exploring the novel aesthetic properties of such bio-constructed networks.
wos WOS:000372316000050
series eCAADe
email Daniel.Baerlecken@coa.gatech.edu
more https://mh-engage.ltcc.tuwien.ac.at/engage/ui/watch.html?id=b1066644-70d7-11e5-b019-7f01fe8cb7bc
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia15_161
id acadia15_161
authors Baharlou, Ehsan; Menges, Achim
year 2015
title Toward a Behavioral Design System: An Agent-Based Approach for Polygonal Surfaces Structures
source ACADIA 2105: Computational Ecologies: Design in the Anthropocene [Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-53726-8] Cincinnati 19-25 October, 2015), pp. 161-172
summary The following research investigates the development of an agent-based design method as an integrative design tool for polygonal surface structures. The aim of this research is to develop a computational tool that self-organizes the emergence of polygonal surface structures from interaction between its constitutive lattices. This research focuses on the ethological level of morphogenesis that is relevant to the animal or insect societies, whereby agents mediate the material organizations with environmental aspects. Meanwhile, behavior-based approaches are investigated as a bottom-up system to develop a computational framework in which the lower-level features constantly interact. The lower-level features such as material properties (e.g., geometric descriptions) are abstracted into building blocks or agents to construct the agent’s morphology. The abstracted principles, which define the agent’s morphology, are aggregated into a generative tool to explore the emergent complexities. This exploration coupled with the generative constraint mechanisms steers the collective agents system toward the cloud of solutions; hence, the collective behaviors of agents constitute the polygonal surface structures. This polygonal system is a bottom up approach of developing the complex surface that emerges through topological and topographical interaction between cells and their surrounding environment. Subsequently, the integrative system is developed through agent-based parametric modelling, in which the knowledge-based system as a top-down approach is substituted with the agent system together with its morphological features and significant behaviors.
keywords Agent-Based System, Behavioral-Based System, Polygonal Surface Structures, Self-Organization and Emergence
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email ehsan.baharlou@icd.uni-stuttgart.de
last changed 2016/08/05 11:37

_id ecaade2015_215
id ecaade2015_215
authors Balakrishnan, Bimal and Oprean, Danielle
year 2015
title Communication, Coordination and Collaboration: Media affordances and Team Performance in a Collaborative Design Environment
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 225-232
summary Advances in digital media are encouraging designers to adopt digital tools during early stages of design ideation as well as to facilitate collaboration in design teams. Collaborative environments for design teams should take into consideration both the multimodal nature of design representation as well as the complexity of team cognition. Collaborative tools that take a “black-box” approach often limit affordances for design ideation and collaboration. We describe here a collaborative environment that we put together using a kit-of-parts approach and underlying theoretical considerations. We also describe systematic usability evaluation of the collaborative environment by constraining select media affordances and qualitatively examining the impact on a team's design process. Preliminary findings were used to improve the environment and lay the groundwork for developing tele-collaborative environments.
wos WOS:000372316000027
series eCAADe
email balakrishnanb@missouri.edu
more https://mh-engage.ltcc.tuwien.ac.at/engage/ui/watch.html?id=d219f772-6e90-11e5-b69a-00190f04dc4c
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id cf2015_268
id cf2015_268
authors Benedetto, Henrique; Kipper, Fabrício A.;Marques, Vinícius and Bruscato, Underléa M.
year 2015
title Development of Parklets by using parametric modeling
source The next city - New technologies and the future of the built environment [16th International Conference CAAD Futures 2015. Sao Paulo, July 8-10, 2015. Electronic Proceedings/ ISBN 978-85-85783-53-2] Sao Paulo, Brazil, July 8-10, 2015, pp. 268-278.
summary The lack of urban planning has made the recreation areas increasingly smaller in the cities. Parks and squares gradually gave way to streets and avenues to try to accommodate the growing number of cars and motorcycles. An alternative that tries to balance recreation areas and urban roads was found in the city of San Francisco (USA). Parklets are temporary extensions of urban sidewalks that occupy a few parking spaces. This article aims to demonstrate the potential of parametric modeling in the development of parklets. Thus, anthropometric studies, amount of parking spaces and types of benches were used as input parameters. Rhinoceros and grasshopper programs were used for modeling, while 3D Studio Max was used for rendering. With this study it was possible to verify that when the project is parameterized the processes of creation and modification became faster, reducing design and implementation time.
keywords Grasshopper algorithm editor, Parametric model, Parklets.
series CAAD Futures
email henrique.benedetto@ufrgs.br
last changed 2015/06/29 05:55

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