CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 20 of 571

_id caadria2015_142
id caadria2015_142
authors Stavric, Milena Albert Wiltsche and Thomas Bogensperger
year 2015
title Generative Design for Folded Timber Structures
source Emerging Experience in Past, Present and Future of Digital Architecture, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2015) / Daegu 20-22 May 2015, pp. 673-682
summary Folding structures belong to the group of lightweight structural systems, which often consist of polygonal elements like triangles or quadrangles. Folding structures whose construction is made out of cross-laminated timber (CLT) panels represent an innovative step in the timber industry, which has many advantages. CLT panels can be used simultaneously as supporting elements and as finishing building envelopes. There are many prefabrication possibilities, high efficient material consumption, low production and assembly costs, and it has environmental advantages over conventional materials used for folding structure like concrete, metal or glass. CLT folding structures are not sufficiently explored. One of the reasons may lie in the fact of limited design possibilities, which includes the specificity of CLT capacity. Another reason is maybe the inability to use standard wooden connectors to transfer the forces along the thin linear edges where the panels are supported. The aim of this paper is to present design possibilities through parametric modelling using the characteristics of CLT. Using the example of a wooden theatre stage we will present results of our research.
keywords Parametric modelling; folding structures; cross-laminated timber.
series CAADRIA
email mstavric@tugraz.at
last changed 2015/06/05 05:14

_id ecaade2015_273
id ecaade2015_273
authors Hunter, Jessica; Cheng, Alexandra, Tannert, Thomas, Neumann, Oliver and Meyboom, AnnaLisa
year 2015
title Extending the Perception of Wood - Research in Large Scale Surface Structures in Wood
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 427-437
summary Architects have a renewed interest in surface structures and the renewable resource of wood, along with advanced digital design, analysis and machining techniques, offers a way of manifesting these forms. Wood is easily machined and has bending properties that lead to the ability to form curves. This paper looks at the properties of wood, informing design through its material characteristics. The research presented here contributes to this discourse through the development of large scale timber shell structures. We propose hyper efficient structures made out of laminated wood products to provide a new solution to long span construction while satisfying the demand for agency in form generation.
wos WOS:000372316000049
series eCAADe
email ameyboom@sala.ubc.ca
more https://mh-engage.ltcc.tuwien.ac.at/engage/ui/watch.html?id=7609b276-70d7-11e5-a36d-a71a6f180fc2
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id cf2015_447
id cf2015_447
authors Meyer, J.; Duchanois, G. and Bignon, J.C.
year 2015
title Analysis and validation of the digital chain relating to architectural design process: Achievement of a folded structure composed of wood panels
source The next city - New technologies and the future of the built environment [16th International Conference CAAD Futures 2015. Sao Paulo, July 8-10, 2015. Electronic Proceedings/ ISBN 978-85-85783-53-2] Sao Paulo, Brazil, July 8-10, 2015, pp. 447-459.
summary The research presented in this paper revolves around the experimental development of the morpho-structural potential of folded architectural structures made of wood. The aims are to develop an innovative system for timber used in sustainable construction and to increase the inventory of wood architectural tectonics. First, this article provides a characterization of the digital chain associated to the development of non-standard folded structures consisting of wood panels. The purpose is to study the architectural design process from parametric modeling (through CNC machining) and assembly operations to production by way of a full-scale experimental pavilion. Secondly, a number of analytical experiments have been performed towards the completion of the pavilion, in order to validate the design process.
keywords Architecture, folded structure, robotic fabrication, computational design, parametric modeling, wood panels
series CAAD Futures
email meyer@crai.archi.fr
last changed 2015/06/29 05:55

_id caadria2015_064
id caadria2015_064
authors Meyer, J.; G. Duchanois, J-C. Bignon and A. Bouali
year 2015
title Computer Design and Digital Manufacturing of Folded Architectural Structures Composed of Wood Panels
source Emerging Experience in Past, Present and Future of Digital Architecture, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2015) / Daegu 20-22 May 2015, pp. 641-650
summary The research presented in this paper revolves around the experimental development of the morpho-structural potential of folded architectural structures made of wood. The aims are to develop an innovative system for timber used in sustainable construction and to increase the inventory of wood architectural tectonics. Laminated timber panels associated with "digital production line" approach have opened up new perspectives for the building industry in creating prefabricated wooden structures. This article provides a characterization of the digital chain associated to the development of non-standard folded structures which consist of wood panels by way of a full-scale experimental pavilion. The purpose is the study of architectural design process from parametric modeling (through CNC machining) and assembly operations to production. Towards the completion of the pavilion, a number of analytical experiments have been performed.
keywords Architecture, folded structure, robotic fabrication, computational design, parametric modeling, wood panels.
series CAADRIA
email meyer@crai.archi.fr
last changed 2015/06/05 05:14

_id caadria2015_218
id caadria2015_218
authors Ku, Kihong and Daniel Chung
year 2015
title Digital Fabrication Methods of Composite Architectural Panels for Complex Shaped Buildings
source Emerging Experience in Past, Present and Future of Digital Architecture, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2015) / Daegu 20-22 May 2015, pp. 703-712
summary Composite materials have been explored in architecture for their high performance characteristics that allow customization of functional properties of lightness, strength, stiffness and fracture toughness. Particularly, engineering advancements and better understanding of fiber composites have resulted in growing applications for architectural structures and envelopes. As most developments started outside the realm of architecture such as automobile and aeronautical industries, there is need to advance knowledge in architectural design to take advantage of this new technology. In this paper, the authors introduce preliminary results of new digitally driven fabrication methods for fiber-reinforced composite sandwich panels for complex shaped buildings. This research examined the material properties, manufacturing methods and fabrication techniques needed to develop a proof of concept system using off-the-shelf production technology that ultimately can be packaged into a containerized facility for on-site panel production. Experiments focused on developing a digitally controlled deformable mold to create composite relief structures for highly customized geometrical façade components. Research findings of production materials, methods, assembly techniques, are discussed to offer insights into novel opportunities for architectural composite panel fabrication and commercialization.
keywords Fiber reinforced polymer; fiber composites; adjustable mold; architectural panel; complex shape.
series CAADRIA
email kuk@philau.edu
last changed 2015/06/05 05:14

_id ecaade2015_280
id ecaade2015_280
authors Adilenidou, Yota
year 2015
title Error as Optimization - Using Cellular Automata Systems to Introduce Bias in Aggregation Models through Multigrids
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 601-610
summary This paper is focusing on the idea of error as the origin of difference in form but also as the path and the necessity for optimization. It describes the use of Cellular Automata (CA) for a series of structural and formal elements, whose proliferation is guided through sets of differential grids (multigrids) and leads to the buildup of big span structures and edifices as, for example, a cathedral. Starting from the error as the main idea/tool for optimization, taxonomies of morphological errors occur and at a next step, they are informed with contextual elements to produce an architectural system. A toolbox is composed that can be implemented in different scales and environmental parameters, providing variation, optimization, complexity and detail density. Different sets of experiments were created starting from linear structural elements and continuing to space dividers and larger surface components.
wos WOS:000372316000067
series eCAADe
email yota_adilenidou@hotmail.com
more https://mh-engage.ltcc.tuwien.ac.at/engage/ui/watch.html?id=5cf73be0-6e8f-11e5-b7a4-1b188b87ef84
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia19_168
id acadia19_168
authors Adilenidou, Yota; Ahmed, Zeeshan Yunus; Freek, Bos; Colletti, Marjan
year 2019
title Unprintable Forms
source ACADIA 19:UBIQUITY AND AUTONOMY [Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-578-59179-7] (The University of Texas at Austin School of Architecture, Austin, Texas 21-26 October, 2019) pp.168-177
summary This paper presents a 3D Concrete Printing (3DCP) experiment at the full scale of virtualarchitectural bodies developed through a computational technique based on the use of Cellular Automata (CA). The theoretical concept behind this technique is the decoding of errors in form generation and the invention of a process that would recreate the errors as a response to optimization (Adilenidou 2015). The generative design process established a family of structural and formal elements whose proliferation is guided through sets of differential grids (multi-grids) leading to the build-up of large span structures and edifices, for example, a cathedral. This tooling system is capable of producing, with specific inputs, a large number of outcomes in different scales. However, the resulting virtual surfaces could be considered as "unprintable" either due to their need of extra support or due to the presence of many cavities in the surface topology. The above characteristics could be categorized as errors, malfunctions, or undesired details in the geometry of a form that would need to be eliminated to prepare it for printing. This research project attempts to transform these "fabrication imprecisions" through new 3DCP techniques into factors of robustness of the resulting structure. The process includes the elimination of the detail / "errors" of the surface and their later reinsertion as structural folds that would strengthen the assembly. Through this process, the tangible outputs achieved fulfill design and functional requirements without compromising their structural integrity due to the manufacturing constraints.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email yota_adilenidou@hotmail.com
last changed 2019/12/18 08:01

_id acadia15_263
id acadia15_263
authors Ahlquist, Sean
year 2015
title Social Sensory Architectures: Articulating Textile Hybrid Structures for Multi-Sensory Responsiveness and Collaborative Play
source ACADIA 2105: Computational Ecologies: Design in the Anthropocene [Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-53726-8] Cincinnati 19-25 October, 2015), pp. 263-273
summary This paper describes the development of the StretchPLAY prototype as a part of the Social Sensory Surfaces research project, focusing on the design of tactile and responsive environments for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The project is directed specifically at issues with sensory processing, the inability of the nervous system to filter sensory input in order to indicate an appropriate response. This can be referred to as a “traffic jam” of sensory data where the intensity of such unfiltered information leads to an over-intensified sensory experience, and ultimately a dis-regulated state. To create a sensory regulating environments, a tactile structure is developed integrating physical, visual and auditory feedback. The structure is defined as a textile hybrid system integrating a seamless knitted textile to form a continuous topologically complex surface. Advancements in the fabrication of the boundary structure, of glass-fiber reinforced rods, enable the form to be more robustly structured than previous examples of textile hybrid or tent-like structures. The tensioned textile is activated as a tangible interface where sensing of touch and pressure on the surface triggers ranges of visual and auditory response. A specific child, a five-year old girl with ASD, is studied in order to tailor the technologies as a response to her sensory challenges. This project is a collaboration with students, researchers and faculty in the fields of architecture, computer science, information (human-computer interaction), music and civil engineering, along with practitioners in the field of ASD-based therapies.
keywords Textile Hybrid, Knitting, Sensory Environment, Tangible Interface, Responsive systems and environments
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email ahlquist@umich.edu
last changed 2016/08/05 11:37

_id ecaade2015_235
id ecaade2015_235
authors Ahmar, Salma El and Fioravanti, Antonio
year 2015
title Biomimetic-Computational Design for Double Facades in Hot Climates - A Porous Folded Façade for Office Buildings
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 687-696
summary Biomimetic design is an approach that is gaining momentum among architects and designers. Computational design and performance simulation software represent powerful tools that help in applying biomimetic ideas in architectural design and in understanding how such proposals would behave. This paper addresses the challenge of reducing cooling loads while trying to maintain daylight needs of office buildings in hot climatic regions. Specifically, it focuses on double skin facades whose application in hot climates is somewhat controversial. Ideas from nature serve as inspiration in designing a porous, folded double façade for an existing building, aiming at increasing heat lost by convection in the façade cavity as well as reducing heat gained by radiation. The cooling loads and daylight autonomy of an office room are compared before and after the proposed design to evaluate its performance.
wos WOS:000372316000076
series eCAADe
email salma_elahmar@yahoo.com
more https://mh-engage.ltcc.tuwien.ac.at/engage/ui/watch.html?id=f87306fc-6e90-11e5-845a-00190f04dc4c
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2015_87
id ecaade2015_87
authors Angelova, Desislava; Dierichs, Karola and Menges, Achim
year 2015
title Graded Light in Aggregate Structures - Modulating the daylight in designed granular systems using online controlled robotic processes
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 399-406
summary The research project proposes an online-controlled robotic process that allows for grading light in aggregate structures using photometric analysis. It investigates the potential of designing specific daylight qualities through the behaviour-based robotic fabrication of the aggregate system. Two key methods are developed: the digital fabrication of the structure and a photometric analysis technique which is used as a sensor input for the robotic sensory interface. In its first part, the paper presents a series of photometric experiments on aggregate wall- and dome-structures. In its second part, the focus is laid on robotic manufacturing of these aggregate structures and the interactive fabrication of specific light conditions. To conclude further areas of research into emergent design processes with aggregates are outlined.
wos WOS:000372316000046
series eCAADe
email angelova.des@gmail.com
more https://mh-engage.ltcc.tuwien.ac.at/engage/ui/watch.html?id=4161e07e-6fe8-11e5-baaf-1fc96b3e1b94
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2015_333
id ecaade2015_333
authors Baerlecken, Daniel and Gokmen, Sabri
year 2015
title Osteotectonics - Trabecular Bone Structures and Their Adaptation for Customized Structural Nodes Using Additive Manufacturing Techniques
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 439-448
summary This paper discusses an approach to adapting trabecular bone structures for the design of complex architectural components exemplified through structural nodes. Based on the paradigm shift in additive fabrication, namely the ability to print structural metals, this paper identifies new methods for architectural and structural design that allow to create porous, intricate architectural components. Those components are designed in analogy to bone structures. The paper presents a metaball-based application, programmed in Processing, which allows creating n-legged nodes using parametric gradient maps. The approach aims at reduction of weight and waste, while exploring the novel aesthetic properties of such bio-constructed networks.
wos WOS:000372316000050
series eCAADe
email Daniel.Baerlecken@coa.gatech.edu
more https://mh-engage.ltcc.tuwien.ac.at/engage/ui/watch.html?id=b1066644-70d7-11e5-b019-7f01fe8cb7bc
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia16_362
id acadia16_362
authors Beesley, Philip; Ilgun, Zeliha, Asya; Bouron, Giselle; Kadish, David; Prosser, Jordan; Gorbet, Rob; Kulic, Dana; Nicholas, Paul; Zwierzycki, Mateusz
year 2016
title Hybrid Sentient Canopy: An implementation and visualization of proprioreceptive curiosity-based machine learning
source ACADIA // 2016: POSTHUMAN FRONTIERS: Data, Designers, and Cognitive Machines [Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-77095-5] Ann Arbor 27-29 October, 2016, pp. 362-371
summary This paper describes the development of a sentient canopy that interacts with human visitors by using its own internal motivation. Modular curiosity-based machine learning behaviour is supported by a highly distributed system of microprocessor hardware integrated within interlinked cellular arrays of sound, light, kinetic actuators and proprioreceptive sensors in a resilient physical scaffolding system. The curiosity-based system involves exploration by employing an expert system composed of archives of information from preceding behaviours, calculating potential behaviours together with locations and applications, executing behaviour and comparing result to prediction. Prototype architectural structures entitled Sentient Canopy and Sentient Chamber developed during 2015 and 2016 were developed to support this interactive behaviour, integrating new communications protocols and firmware, and a hybrid proprioreceptive system that configured new electronics with sound, light, and motion sensing capable of internal machine sensing and externally- oriented sensing for human interaction. Proprioreception was implemented by producing custom electronics serving photoresistors, pitch-sensing microphones, and accelerometers for motion and position, coupled to sound, light and motion-based actuators and additional infrared sensors designed for sensing of human gestures. This configuration provided the machine system with the ability to calculate and detect real-time behaviour and to compare this to models of behaviour predicted within scripted routines. Testbeds located at the Living Architecture Systems Group/Philip Beesley Architect Inc. (LASG/PBAI, Waterloo/Toronto), Centre for Information Technology (CITA, Copenhagen) National Academy of Sciences (NAS) in Washington DC are illustrated.
keywords intedisciplinary/collaborative design, intelligent environments, artificial intelligence, sensate systems
series ACADIA
type paper
email pbeesley@uwaterloo.ca
last changed 2016/10/24 11:12

_id cf2015_331
id cf2015_331
authors Brodeschi, Michal; Pilosof, Nirit Putievsky and Kalay, Yehuda E.
year 2015
title The definition of semantic of spaces in virtual built environments oriented to BIM implementation
source The next city - New technologies and the future of the built environment [16th International Conference CAAD Futures 2015. Sao Paulo, July 8-10, 2015. Electronic Proceedings/ ISBN 978-85-85783-53-2] Sao Paulo, Brazil, July 8-10, 2015, pp. 331-346.
summary The BIM today can be a provider of inputs to performance analysis of different phenomena such as thermal comfort, energy consumption or winds. All these assessments are fundamental to the post occupation of the building. The attainment of approximate information of how the future building would behave under these conditions will reduce the waste of materials and energy resources. The same idea is used for evaluating the users occupation. Through simulation of human behavior is possible to evaluate which design elements can be improved. In complex structures such as hospital buildings or airports is quite complex for architects to determine optimal design solutions based on the tools available nowadays. These due to the fact users are not contemplated in the model. Part of the data used for the simulation can be derived from the BIM model. The three-dimensional model provides parametric information, however are not semantically enriched. They provide parameters to elements but not the connection between them, not the relationship. It means that during a simulation Virtual Users can recognize the elements represented in BIM models, but not what they mean, due to the lack of semantics. At the same time the built environment may assume different functions depending on the physical configuration or activities that are performed on it. The status of the space may reveal differences and these changes occur constantly and are dynamic. In an initial state, a room can be noisy and a moment later, quiet. This can determine what type of activities the space can support according to each change in status. In this study we demonstrate how the spaces can express different semantic information according to the activity performed on it. The aim of this paper is to simulate the activities carried out in the building and how they can generate different semantics to spaces according to the use given to it. Then we analyze the conditions to the implementation of this knowledge in the BIM model.
keywords BIM, Virtual Sensitive Environments, Building Use Simulation, Semantics.
series CAAD Futures
email brodesch@technion.ac.il
last changed 2015/06/29 05:55

_id ecaade2015_53
id ecaade2015_53
authors Duro-Royo, Jorge; Mogas-Soldevila, Laia and Oxman, Neri
year 2015
title Physical Feedback Workflows in Fabrication Information Modeling (FIM) - Analysis and Discussion of Exemplar Cases across Media, Disciplines and Scales
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 299-307
summary Novel digital fabrication platforms enable the design and construction of materially sophisticated structures with high spatial resolution in manufacturing. However, virtual-to-physical workflows and their associated software environments are yet to incorporate such capabilities. Our research sets the stage for seamless physical feedback workflows across media, disciplines and scales. We have coined the term Fabrication Information Modeling (FIM) to describe this approach. As preliminary methods we have developed four computational strategies for the design and digital construction of custom systems. These methods are presented in the context of specific design challenges and include a biologically driven fiber construction algorithm; an anatomically driven shell-to-wearable translation protocol; an environmentally-driven swarm printing system; and a manufacturing-driven hierarchical fabrication platform. We discuss and analyze these four challenges in terms of their capabilities to integrate design across media, disciplines and scales through concepts such as multi-dimensionality, media-informed computation and trans-disciplinary data.
wos WOS:000372316000035
series eCAADe
email j_duro@mit.edu
more https://mh-engage.ltcc.tuwien.ac.at/engage/ui/watch.html?id=e41927e2-6fe7-11e5-a181-5b730dc456c4
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2015_48
id ecaade2015_48
authors Edemskaya, Elizaveta and Agkathidis, Asterios
year 2015
title Vladimir Shukhov - A Critical Review on Digital Architecture
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 395-402
summary This paper is a critical review on advantages and disadvantages of contemporary digital architecture, in retrospect to Vladimir Shukhov's design techniques, applied in the early 20th century. After investigating Shukhov's structural systems, this paper explores the relationship between performance and form, questioning the necessity of high-complexity structures. It will present unpublished archive material of his early work and stimulate a valuable discussion by comparing it with contemporary projects designed by renowned architects. The study on Shukhov focuses on his tessellation method of double-curved surfaces using simple standardized elements. The study of present digital approaches revolves around leading architects using computational tools (e.g. Foster and Partners, Buro Happold and Arup), who have materialized high complexity structures composed by irregular units. Our findings highlight advantages and disadvantages of contemporary computational approaches.
wos WOS:000372317300043
series eCAADe
email elizaveta.edem@gmail.com
more https://mh-engage.ltcc.tuwien.ac.at/engage/ui/watch.html?id=bbc13038-7022-11e5-936a-d7a776e5d67a
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2015_247
id ecaade2015_247
authors Garcia, Manuel Jimenez and Retsin, Gilles
year 2015
title Design Methods for Large Scale Printing
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 331-339
summary With an exponential increase in the possibilities of computation and computer-controlled fabrication, high density information is becoming a reality in digital design and architecture. However, construction methods and industrial fabrication processes have not yet been reshaped to accommodate the recent changes in those disciplines. Although it is possible to build up complex simulations with millions of particles, the simulation is often disconnected from the actual fabrication process. Our research proposes a bridge between both stages, where one drives the other, producing a smooth transition from design to production. A particle in the digital domain becomes a drop of material in the construction method.The architect's medium of expression has become much more than a representational tool in the last century, and more recently it has evolved even beyond a series of rules to drive from design to production. The design system is the instruction itself; embedding structure, material and tectonics and gets delivered to the very end of the construction chain, where it gets materialised. The research showcased in this paper investigates tectonic systems associated with large scale 3D printing and additive manufacturing methods, inheriting both material properties and fabrication constraints at all stages from design to production. Computational models and custom design software packages are designed and developed as strategies to organise material in space in response to specific structural and logistical input.Although the research has developed a wide spectrum of 3D printing methods, this paper focuses only on two of the most recent projects, where different material and computational logics were investigated. The first, titled Filamentrics, intends to develop free-form space frames, overcoming their homogeneity by introducing robotic plastic extrusion. Through the use of custom made extruders a vast range of high resolution prototypes were developed, evolving the design process towards the fabrication of precise structures that can be materialised using additive manufacturing but without the use of a layered 3D printing method. Instead, material limitations were studied and embedded in custom algorithms that allow depositing material in the air for internal connectivity. The final result is a 3x2x2.5m structure that demonstrates the viability of this construction method for being implemented in more industrial scenarios.While Filamentrics is reshaping the way we could design and build light weight structures, the second project Microstrata aims to establish new construction methods for compression based materials. A layering 3D printing method combines both the deposition of the binder and the distribution of an interconnected network of capillaries. These capillaries are organised following structural principles, configuring a series of channels which are left empty within the mass. In a second stage aluminium is cast in this hollow space to build a continuous tension reinforcement.
wos WOS:000372316000039
series eCAADe
type normal paper
email manuel.j@madmdesign.com
more https://mh-engage.ltcc.tuwien.ac.at/engage/ui/watch.html?id=07a6d8e0-6fe7-11e5-9994-cb14cd908012
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id cf2015_324
id cf2015_324
authors Gerber, David Jason; Pantazis, Evangelos and Marcolino, Leandro Soriano
year 2015
title Design Agency: Prototyping Multi-Agent Systems in Architecture
source The next city - New technologies and the future of the built environment [16th International Conference CAAD Futures 2015. Sao Paulo, July 8-10, 2015. Electronic Proceedings/ ISBN 978-85-85783-53-2] Sao Paulo, Brazil, July 8-10, 2015, pp. 324.
summary This paper presents research on the prototyping of multi-agent systems for architectural design. It proposes a design exploration methodology at the intersection of architecture, engineering, and computer science. The motivation of the work includes exploring bottom up generative methods coupled with optimizing performance criteria including for geometric complexity and objective functions for environmental, structural and fabrication parameters. The paper presents the development of a research framework and initial experiments to provide design solutions, which simultaneously satisfy complexly coupled and often contradicting objectives. The prototypical experiments and initial algorithms are described through a set of different design cases and agents within this framework; for the generation of façade panels for light control; for emergent design of shell structures; for actual construction of reciprocal frames; and for robotic fabrication. Initial results include multi-agent derived efficiencies for environmental and fabrication criteria and discussion of future steps for inclusion of human and structural factors.
keywords Generative Design, Parametric Design, Multi-Agent Systems, Digital Fabrication, Form Finding, Reciprocal Frames.
series CAAD Futures
email dgerber@usc.edu
last changed 2015/06/29 05:55

_id acadia19_234
id acadia19_234
authors Grewal, Neil; Escallon, Miguel; Chaudhary, Abhinav; Hramyka, Alina
year 2019
title INFRASONIC
source ACADIA 19:UBIQUITY AND AUTONOMY [Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-578-59179-7] (The University of Texas at Austin School of Architecture, Austin, Texas 21-26 October, 2019) pp. 234-245
summary In 2015, an earthquake of 7.8 magnitude displaced over 6.6 million people in Kathmandu, Nepal. Three years later, the country continues in its struggle to rebuild its capital. The aim of this study is to investigate a construction system, produced from locally sourced materials, that can aggregate and deploy as self-built, habitable infrastructure. The study focused on the relationship between material resonance, earthquake resistant structures, and fabrication strategies. An agent-based form-finding algorithm was developed using knowledge acquired through physical prototyping of mycelium-based composites to generate earthquake resistant geometries, optimize material usage, and enhance spatial performance. The results show compelling evidence for a construction methodology to design and construct a 3-4 story building that holds a higher degree of resistance to earthquakes. The scope of work contributes to advancements in bioengineering, confirming easy-to-grow, light-weight mycelium-composites as viable structural materials for construction.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email neildsgrewal@gmail.com
last changed 2019/12/18 08:03

_id acadia15_81
id acadia15_81
authors Hussein, Ahmed
year 2015
title Sandworks / Sand Tectonic Prototype
source ACADIA 2105: Computational Ecologies: Design in the Anthropocene [Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-53726-8] Cincinnati 19-25 October, 2015), pp. 81-94
summary This paper outlines a material based research that proposes a time-based architecture that extends Frei Otto’s research of sand formations using sand’s natural angle of repose. The tectonic system focuses on developing compressive structures of sand for hot climate desert areas through a zero-waste formative process whose architecture reorganizes materials naturally available on the site. Formations are hardened as a surface through the phase changing properties of a saline solution which crystallizes when cooled, bonding with the sand. The proportion of insulation material defines the building life span redistributes the materials back into its environment at the end of its cycle. The materiality and spatial qualities of the project are based on the conical and constant angle surfaces generated through the gravitational process of sand formation. Between the digital opportunities of sand formation and its physical possibilities, this paper outlines the analogue-digital methods of sand computation through a comprehensive study in four main sections; material system, material computation, design system and robotic fabrication.
keywords Material computation, analogues digital methods, Sand, Digital design and robotic fabrication, ecological tectonic system
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email blueblack911@yahoo.com
last changed 2016/08/05 11:37

_id ecaade2015_21
id ecaade2015_21
authors Klemmt, Christoph and Bollinger, Klaus
year 2015
title Cell-Based Venation Systems
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 573-580
summary Venation structures in leaves fulfil both circulatory as well as structural functions within the organism they belong to. A possible digital simulation algorithm for the growth of venation patterns based on the leaf surface has been described by the Department of Computer Science at the University of Calgary.Cell-based growth algorithms to generate surface meshes have been developed by biological and medical scientists as well as artists, in order to gain an understanding of developmental biology or to generate artistic form. This paper suggests the combination of the two algorithms in order to generate the morphologies of leaves and other structures while at the same time generating the corresponding venation system.The resulting algorithm develops large non-manifold mesh structures based on local rules of division of the individual cells. The venation system develops in parallel based on the flow of the plant hormone auxin from those cells towards the start point or petiole of the leaf. Different local behaviours of the cells towards their adjacent neighbours, towards their rules of division and towards the rules of developing veins have been investigated. The eventual aim of the algorithms is their application as tools to develop architectural and structural morphologies.
wos WOS:000372316000064
series eCAADe
email christoph@orproject.com
more https://mh-engage.ltcc.tuwien.ac.at/engage/ui/watch.html?id=29c4389a-6e8f-11e5-8666-279b88fbd56c
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

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