CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 20 of 595

_id acadia16_470
id acadia16_470
authors Sollazzo, Aldo; Baseta, Efilena; Chronis, Angelos
year 2016
title Symbiotic Associations
source ACADIA // 2016: POSTHUMAN FRONTIERS: Data, Designers, and Cognitive Machines [Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-77095-5] Ann Arbor 27-29 October, 2016, pp. 470-477
summary Soil contamination poses a series of important health issues, following years of neglect, constant industrialization, and unsustainable agriculture. It is estimated that 30% of the total cultivated soil in the world will convert to degraded land by 2020 (Rashid et al. 2016). Finding suitable treatment technologies to clean up contaminated water and soil is not trivial, and although technological solutions are sought, many are both resource-expensive and potentially equally unsustainable in long term. Bacteria and fungi have proved efficient in contributing to the bioavailability of nutrients and in aggregating formation in degraded soils (Rashid et al. 2016). Our research aims to explore the possible implementation of physical computing, computational analysis, and digital fabrication techniques in the design and optimization of an efficient soil remediation strategy using mycelium. The study presented here is a first step towards an overarching methodology for the development of an automated soil decontamination process, using an optimized bio-cell fungus seed that can be remotely populated using aerial transportation. The presented study focuses on the development of a methodology for capturing and modeling the growth of the mycelium fungus using photogrammetry-based 3D scanning and computational analysis techniques.
keywords computational design, photogrammetry, simulation, mycelium, 3d scanning, growth strategies
series ACADIA
type paper
email info@noumena.io
last changed 2016/10/24 11:12

_id acadia16_488
id acadia16_488
authors Derme, Tiziano; Mitterberger, Daniela; Di Tanna, Umberto
year 2016
title Growth Based Fabrication Techniques for Bacterial Cellulose: Three-Dimensional Grown Membranes and Scaffolding Design for Biological Polymers
source ACADIA // 2016: POSTHUMAN FRONTIERS: Data, Designers, and Cognitive Machines [Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-77095-5] Ann Arbor 27-29 October, 2016, pp. 488-495
summary Self-assembling manufacturing for natural polymers is still in its infancy, despite the urgent need for alternatives to fuel-based products. Non-fuel based products, specifically bio-polymers, possess exceptional mechanical properties and biodegradability. Bacterial cellulose has proven to be a remarkably versatile bio-polymer, gaining attention in a wide variety of applied scientific applications such as electronics, biomedical devices, and tissue-engineering. In order to introduce bacterial cellulose as a building material, it is important to develop bio-fabrication methodologies linked to material-informed computational modeling and material science. This paper emphasizes the development of three-dimensionally grown bacterial cellulose (BC) membranes for large-scale applications, and introduces new manufacturing technologies that combine the fields of bio-materials science, digital fabrication, and material-informed computational modeling. This paper demonstrates a novel method for bacterial cellulose bio-synthesis as well as in-situ self-assembly fabrication and scaffolding techniques that are able to control three-dimensional shapes and material behavior of BC. Furthermore, it clarifies the factors affecting the bio-synthetic pathway of bacterial cellulose—such as bacteria, environmental conditions, nutrients, and growth medium—by altering the mechanical properties, tensile strength, and thickness of bacterial cellulose. The transformation of the bio-synthesis of bacterial cellulose into BC-based bio-composite leads to the creation of new materials with additional functionality and properties. Potential applications range from small architectural components to large structures, thus linking formation and materialization, and achieving a material with specified ranges and gradient conditions, such as hydrophobic or hydrophilic capacity, graded mechanical properties over time, material responsiveness, and biodegradability.
keywords programmable materials, material agency, biomimetics and biological design
series ACADIA
type paper
email tiziano.derme@gmail.com
last changed 2016/10/24 11:12

_id sigradi2016_558
id sigradi2016_558
authors Paula, Frederico Braida Rodrigues de; Zancaneli, Mariana Alves
year 2016
title As Dinâmicas Arquitetônicas e Urbanísticas nos Videogames: do Lúdico ? Construç?o de uma Intelig?ncia Coletiva sobre os Espaços das Cidades [The architectural and urban dynamics in video games: from the playful until the construction of a collective intelligence on the spaces of cities]
source SIGraDi 2016 [Proceedings of the 20th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Argentina, Buenos Aires 9 - 11 November 2016, pp.944-948
summary The aim of this paper is to show that video games, especially those played on a network, interconnected on the Internet can contribute to the formation of a collective intelligence on the spatiality of cities and urban lifestyles. Therefore, the article presents a mapping of the relationship between Videogames Design, Architecture and Urbanism, from four categories of analysis, showing the games as tools for building a collective intelligence, especially after widespread access to computers, Internet, smartphones and locative media.
keywords Videogames; Digital games; ArchitectureandUrbanism; Cities; Crowdthinking
series SIGraDi
email frederico.braida@ufjf.edu.br
last changed 2017/06/21 12:19

_id acadia16_460
id acadia16_460
authors Dade-Robertson, Martyn; Corral, Javier Rodriguez; Mitrana, Helen; Zhang, Meng; Wipat, Anil; Ramirez-Figueroa, Carolina; Hernan, Luis
year 2016
title Thinking Soils: A synthetic biology approach to material-based design computation
source ACADIA // 2016: POSTHUMAN FRONTIERS: Data, Designers, and Cognitive Machines [Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-77095-5] Ann Arbor 27-29 October, 2016, pp. 460-469
summary The paper details the computational modelling work to define a new type of responsive material system based on genetically engineered bacteria cells. We introduce the discipline of synthetic biology and show how it may be possible to program a cell to respond genetically to inputs from its environment. We propose a system of synthetic biocementing, where engineered cells, living within a soil matrix, respond to pore pressure changes in their environment when the soil is loaded by synthesising new material and strengthening the soil. We develop a prototype CAD system which maps genetic responses of individual bacteria cells to geotechnical models of stress and pore pressure. We show different gene promoter sensitivities may make substantial changes to patterns of consolidation. We conclude by indicating future research in this area which combines both in vivo and in silico work.
keywords intelligent materials, material based design computation, synthetic biology, embedded responsiveness
series ACADIA
type paper
email martyn.dade-robertson@ncl.ac.uk
last changed 2016/10/24 11:12

_id sigradi2016_450
id sigradi2016_450
authors Araujo, André L.; Celani, Gabriela
year 2016
title Exploring Weaire-Phelan through Cellular Automata: A proposal for a structural variance-producing engine
source SIGraDi 2016 [Proceedings of the 20th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Argentina, Buenos Aires 9 - 11 November 2016, pp.710-714
summary Complex forms and structures have always been highly valued in architecture, even much before the development of computers. Many architects and engineers have strived to develop structures that look very complex but at the same time are relatively simple to understand, calculate and build. A good example of this approach is the Beijing National Aquatics Centre design for the 2008 Olympic Games, also known as the Water Cube. This paper presents a proposal for a structural variance-producing engine using cellular automata (CA) techniques to produce complex structures based on Weaire-Phelan geometry. In other words, this research evaluates how generative and parametric design can be integrated with structural performance in order to enhance design flexibility and control in different stages of the design process. The method we propose was built in three groups of procedures: 1) we developed a method to generate several fits for the two Weaire-Phelan polyhedrons using CA computation techniques; 2) through the finite elements method, we codify the structural analysis outcomes to use them as inputs for the CA algorithm; 3) evaluation: we propose a framework to compare how the final outcomes deviate for the good solutions in terms of structural performance and rationalization of components. We are interested in knowing how the combination of the procedures could contribute to produce complex structures that are at the same time certain rational. The system developed allows the structural analysis of structured automatically generated by a generative system. However, some efficient solutions from the structural performance point of view do not necessarily represent a rational solution from the feasibility aspects.
keywords Structural design; Complex structures; Bottom-up design approach
series SIGraDi
email a.araujo@fec.unicamp.br
last changed 2017/06/21 12:18

_id ecaade2016_055
id ecaade2016_055
authors Baranovskaya, Yuliya, Prado, Marshall, Dörstelmann, Moritz and Menges, Achim
year 2016
title Knitflatable Architecture - Pneumatically Activated Preprogrammed Knitted Textiles
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 571-580
summary Textiles are widely used in architecture for tensile structures, as they are lightweight and can easily span large distances. These structures typically require an external framework for a support. Inflatable structures are self-supporting but are limited to relatively simple forms or require complex and predetermined cut patterns. The development of an adaptive and programmable textile system with an integrative method for pneumatic activation would create a novel self-supporting structure with high degree of design and architectural potential. This creates a highly integrative hybrid system where the generic pneumatic membranes are constrained by the differentiated knitted textile skin that is stretched in several directions under air pressure. This allows for an innovative, lightweight, easily transportable design, where the preprogrammed knitting pattern defines the structure, geometry and formation, activated under pneumatic pressure.
wos WOS:000402063700062
keywords programming textiles; binary textiles; analogue computing; air inflation; grading textile properties
series eCAADe
email yuliya.baranovskaya.itech@gmail.com
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id sigradi2016_815
id sigradi2016_815
authors Bernal, Marcelo
year 2016
title From Parametric to Meta Modeling in Design
source SIGraDi 2016 [Proceedings of the 20th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Argentina, Buenos Aires 9 - 11 November 2016, pp.579-583
summary This study introduces the Meta-Modeling process adopted from the Model Based System Engineering field (MBSE) to explore an approach for the generation of design alternatives beyond the restrictions of the Parametric Models that mainly produce geometric variations and have limitations in terms of topological transformations during the exploratory design tasks. The Meta-Model is the model of attributes and relationships among objects of a particular domain. It describes objects and concepts in abstract terms independent from the complexity of the geometric models and provides mapping mechanisms that facilitate the interfacing with parametric parts. The flexibility of these computer-interpretable and human-readable models can contribute to creatively manipulate the design knowledge embedded in parametric models.
keywords Parametric Modeling; Meta-Modeling; Model Based System Engineering; Modeling Languages; Systems Integration
series SIGraDi
email marcelo.bernal@usm.cl
last changed 2017/06/21 12:21

_id ecaade2016_079
id ecaade2016_079
authors Cheng, Chi-Li and Hou, June-Hao
year 2016
title Biomimetic Robotic Construction Process - An approach for adapting mass irregular-shaped natural materials
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 133-142
summary Beaver dams are formed by two main processes. One is that beavers select proper woods for constructing. The other one is that streams aggregate those woods to be assembled. Using this approach to construction structure is suitable for natural environment. In this paper, we attempt to develop a construction process which is suitable for all-terrain construction robot in the future. This construction process is inspired by beavers' construction behavior in nature. Beavers select proper sticks to make the structure stable. We predict that particular properties of sticks contribute gravity-driven assembly of wood structure. Thus, we implement the system with machine learning to find proper properties of sticks to improve selection mechanism of construction process. During this construction process, 3D scanner on robotic arm scans and recognizes sticks on terrain, and then robot will select proper sticks and place them. After placement, the system will scan and record the results for learning mechanism.
wos WOS:000402063700015
keywords Biomimetic Design; Machine Learning; Natural Material; Point Cloud Analysis; Robotic Fabrication
series eCAADe
email micky@arch.nctu.edu.tw
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id acadia16_440
id acadia16_440
authors Clifford, Brandon
year 2016
title The McKnelly Megalith: A Method of Organic Modeling Feedback
source ACADIA // 2016: POSTHUMAN FRONTIERS: Data, Designers, and Cognitive Machines [Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-77095-5] Ann Arbor 27-29 October, 2016, pp. 440-449
summary Megalithic civilizations held tremendous knowledge surrounding the deceivingly simple task of moving heavy objects. Much of this knowledge has been lost to us from the past. This paper mines, extracts, and experiments with this knowledge to test what applications and resonance it holds with contemporary digital practice. As an experiment, a sixteen-foot tall megalith is designed, computed, and constructed to walk horizontally and stand vertically with little effort. Testing this prototype raises many questions about the relationship between form and physics. In addition, it projects practical application of such reciprocity between architectural desires and the computation of an object’s center of mass. This research contributes to ongoing efforts around the integration of physics-based solvers into the design process. It goes beyond the assumption of statics as a solution in order to ask questions about what potentials mass can contribute to the assembly and erecting of architectures to come. It engages a megalithic way of thinking which requires an intimate relationship between designer and center of mass. In doing so, it questions conventional disciplinary notions of stasis and efficiency.
keywords rapid prototyping, design simulation, fabrication, computation, megalith
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email brandon@matterdesignstudio.com
more admin
last changed 2016/10/24 12:18

_id ascaad2016_009
id ascaad2016_009
authors Elbasdi, Gulay; Sema Alaçam
year 2016
title An Investigation on Growth Behaviour of Mycelium in a Fabric Formwork
source Parametricism Vs. Materialism: Evolution of Digital Technologies for Development [8th ASCAAD Conference Proceedings ISBN 978-0-9955691-0-2] London (United Kingdom) 7-8 November 2016, pp. 65-74
summary Most progress in designing mycelium-based material to date has been made by using petri dish and 3d printed geometries. In this study, reshaping capabilities of mycelium-based materials using fabric formwork is being discussed. This ongoing study is the result of a series of experiments about mycelium-based material that aims to investigate its potentials as free- form geometry. In this paper, we aim to make a comparison between initial and end shapes by implementing digital and analogue tools based on mycelium-based fabric formwork experiment. The physical experiment setup consists of different initial geometry alternatives and the deformation will be observed and measured numerically by time-based recording on top and section views. With the help of digital tools, experiments will be documented as a process of formation. We aim to discuss the potential of the usage of mycelium as a binding agent in free form geometry since mycelium acts as natural self-assembling glue. By doing so, structural potentials of the material, which is strengthened by mycelium hyphae, were examined. This study aims to contribute to the design research studies and scientific knowledge together to integrate living systems into the material design as encouraging collaborative interdisciplinary research, thereby positioning designer as a decision-maker from the very beginning of material design process.
series ASCAAD
email elbasdi@itu.edu.tr
last changed 2017/05/25 11:13

_id ecaade2016_162
id ecaade2016_162
authors Heinrich, Mary Katherine and Ayres, Phil
year 2016
title Using the Phase Space to Design Complexity - Design Methodology for Distributed Control of Architectural Robotic Elements
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 413-422
summary Architecture that is responsive, adaptive, or interactive can contain active architectural elements or robotic sensor-actuator systems. The consideration of architectural robotic elements that utilize distributed control and distributed communication allows for self-organization, emergence, and evolution on site in real-time. The potential complexity of behaviors in such architectural robotic systems requires design methodology able to encompass a range of possible outcomes, rather than a single solution. We present an approach of adopting an aspect of complexity science and applying it to the realm of computational design in architecture, specifically by considering the phase space and related concepts. We consider the scale and predictability of certain design characteristics, and originate the concept of a formation space extension to the phase space, for design to deal directly with materializations left by robot swarms or elements, rather than robots' internal states. We detail a case study examination of design methodology using the formation space concept for assessment and decision-making in the design of active architectural artifacts.
wos WOS:000402063700046
keywords phase space; complexity; attractor; distributed control
series eCAADe
email mhei@kadk.dk
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id ecaade2016_126
id ecaade2016_126
authors Holzheu, Stefanie and Lee, Sang
year 2016
title ColorTracker
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 209-216
summary With the work-in-progress research project ColorTracker we explore color as a formal design tool. This project-based paper describes a novel software application that processes color composition of a place and transcribes the data into three-dimensional geometries for architectural design. The research comprises two parallel trajectories: a theoretical survey and the software application design. The theoretical survey presents the historical background of color. The project-based research seeks to develop digital methods and techniques that analyze the color compositions of the environment. Subsequently the objective is a novel application software for smart mobile devices in order to demonstrate the potentials of examining the color composition and chromatic parameters of a given environment and how it can contribute to the design.
wos WOS:000402064400020
keywords color; architecture; urbanism; tracking; form-generation
series eCAADe
email s.holzheu@me.com
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id caadria2016_755
id caadria2016_755
authors Loh, Paul; David Leggett and Timothy Cameron
year 2016
title Smart assembly in digital fabrication: designing workflow
source Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, pp. 755-764
summary Digital fabrication project in academia has produced many grounds for experimentation. In recent years, techniques have also been tested extensively in practice within commercial project setting. This gives rise to an emerging breed of architectural practices whose work is increasingly centred on resolution of complex geometry to re- alizable projects. The resolution of parametrically driven design to production projects requires a different workflow, as often the com- pressed timeframe and budget requires the parametric model to cope with multiple streams of construction output as well as utilize the model in concurrent design processes. This paper examines a com- mercial project as case study to explore the abstraction, reduction and dissemination of information within a digital fabrication workflow. In this project, digital fabrication is deployed to reduce risk; mainly in manufacturing and its lead time. The research reveals how metadesign process at an early stage of the project can contribute to increase effi- ciency of the parametric model as well as delivering multiple streams of information for all the collaborators: architects, fabricators and builders. The team designed the assembly procedure into the paramet- ric workflow to facilitate off-site and on-site assembly. This is possi- ble through imbedding ‘smart’ detailing and structuring information with the workflow. The paper concludes by reflecting on the work- flow and asks if a metadesign driven fabrication workflow can create a more holistic approach to digital fabrication. The outcome of the case study is just one instance of the parametric machine that is devel- oped from an understanding of assembly process. This paper responds to the theme of continuous designing, through looking at digital fabri- cation as co-emergence of design procedure and practice.
keywords Digital fabrication; construction; design workflow
series CAADRIA
email paul.loh@unimelb.edu.au
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id ecaade2016_091
id ecaade2016_091
authors Monesi, Roberto and Erioli, Alessio
year 2016
title Homeorhetic Assemblies - Turning beehive formation dynamics into high-res tectonics
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 435-444
summary This thesis research investigates the architectural and tectonic potential that can stem from behavioral complexity of collective construction in biological systems and its dynamic relations with the colony in terms of the continuous construction and adaptation process over the time. The role model considered as a case study regards the dynamics of honeycomb formation, and in particular three fundamental behaviours have been extracted from this biological process: stigmergic behavior, structural self-stabilization capacity and environmental adaptability. All these features were then coded into a multi agent system interacting in an heterogeneous environment and capable of selectively adding elements to a particle-spring system that is periodically self-adjusting, simulating material behavior. The outcomes, strongly rich and heterogeneous in their spatial organization, are characterized by a continuous tectonic of emerging singularities seamlessly flowing into one another.
wos WOS:000402063700048
keywords tectonics; beehive; stigmergy; multi-agent system; robotics
series eCAADe
email mone.monesi@hotmail.it
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id sigradi2016_625
id sigradi2016_625
authors Pereira Junior, Clorisval; Holanda, Giodana; Spitz, Rejane
year 2016
title Crowdmapping e mapeamento colaborativo em iniciativas de inovaç?o social no Brasil [Crowdmapping and Collaborative Mapping in Digital Social Innovation Initiatives in Brazil]
source SIGraDi 2016 [Proceedings of the 20th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Argentina, Buenos Aires 9 - 11 November 2016, pp.969-974
summary This work presents an analysis of recent Crowdmapping and Collaborative Mapping initiatives in Brazil. In our discussion, we argue that Crowdmapping and Collaborative Mapping technologies can contribute to the development of better representations of issues that affect communities, as well as to the development of more stable forms of civic engagement and social innovation. In addition, we discuss we discuss how design can contribute to Crowdmapping and Collaborative Mapping initiatives in order to support the development of more appropriate public policies for these communities.
keywords Crowdmapping; Mapeamento Colaborativo; Cartografia Social; Design Participativo; Inovaç?o Social Digital
series SIGraDi
email cjunior@gmail.com
last changed 2017/06/21 12:20

_id caadria2016_673
id caadria2016_673
authors Roupe?, Mattias; Mikael Johansson, Mikael Viklund Tallgren, Fredrik Jo?Rnebrant and Petru Andrei Tomsa
year 2016
title Immersive visualisation of Building Information Models: Usage and future possibilities during design and construction
source Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, pp. 673-682
summary The design process of a building often involves many dif- ferent actors and people with different experiences, level of knowledge and ability to interpret information. The most common in- formation media in these processes are 2D-drawings, documents and 3D images of design. These media can be difficult to interpret and un- derstand and could cause communication difficulties and design er- rors. However, in this context, Building Information Modelling (BIM) and Virtual Reality (VR) have been shown to offer an efficient com- munication platform. In this paper we present and evaluate a portable immersive visualisation system that uses the BIMs directly from the design tools. The system is validated in a real construction project, where the different disciplines in the design process used the system. The result was collected through interviews and observation during usage of the system. All the participants expressed that this type of visual interface helped them to get another level of understanding and perception of space, which lead to better decision-making process and resolving of design issues.
keywords Building information modelling; virtual reality; head mounted display; Oculus Rift
series CAADRIA
email roupe@chalmers.se
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id acadia16_62
id acadia16_62
authors Rusenova, Gergana; Dierichs, Karola; Baharlou, Ehsan; Menges, Achim
year 2016
title Feedback- and Data-driven Design for Aggregate Architectures: Analyses of Data Collections for Physical and Numerical Prototypes of Designed Granular Materials
source ACADIA // 2016: POSTHUMAN FRONTIERS: Data, Designers, and Cognitive Machines [Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-77095-5] Ann Arbor 27-29 October, 2016, pp.62-72
summary This project contributes to the investigations in the field of aggregate architectures by linking two research areas: the numerical simulation of aggregate formations, and a concept for an online-controlled pneumatic formwork system. This paper introduces a novel approach for constructing with designed particles based on a feedback process. The overall aim was to investigate the capacity of aggregates as an architectural material system, which create emergent spatial formations. Initially the particles´ micro-mechanical behavior and the fragile stability of the formations were analyzed using numerical simulations. Based on this, an online-controlled inflatable formwork system was developed. The formwork was designed to react to the actual stability state of an aggregate formation; for this, a statistical set of simulation data was gathered, which directly informed the physical system. This overall concept was proven and verified in a one-to-one scaled physical model. The methods developed within this research provide a first set of baselines for comparison between the behavior of simulated and physical designed granular materials.
keywords simulations, designed particles, feedback-driven design, embedded responsiveness
series ACADIA
type paper
email rusenova.g@gmail.com
last changed 2016/10/24 11:12

_id caadria2016_497
id caadria2016_497
authors Ryu, Jungrim; Jaehong Jun, Seunghyeon Lee and Seungyeon Choo
year 2016
title A Study on Development of the IFC-based Indoor Spatial Information for Data Visualisation
source Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, pp. 497-506
summary MOLIT authorised Indoor Spatial Information as Basic spa- tial information in 2013. It became a legal evidence for constructing and managing Indoor Spatial Information. Although it has a little ad- vantage to utilise as service level that Indoor Spatial Information by laser scan or measurement, it has a lot of problems such as consuming many resources, requiring additional progresses for inputting Object Information. In conclusion, it is inefficient to utilise for the mainte- nance and domestic AEC/FM field. The purposes of this study is to output Indoor Spatial Information by operating IFC model which based on open BIM and to improve availability of Indoor Spatial In- formation with data visualisation. The open-sources of IFC Exporter, an inner program of Revit, is used to output Indoor Spatial Infor- mation. Directs 3D Library is also operated to visualise Indoor Spatial Information. It is possible to inter-operate between XML format and the objects of Indoor Spatial Information. It can be utilised in various field as well. For example COBie linkage in facility management, construction of geo-database using air-photogrammetry of UA V , the simulation of large-scale military operations and the simulation of large-scale evacuation. The method that is purposed in this study has outstanding advantages such as conformance with national spatial in- formation policy, high level of interoperability as indoor spatial in- formation objects based on IFC, convenience of editing information, light level of data and simplifying progress of producing information.
keywords Indoor spatial information, data visualisation, open BIM, IFC
series CAADRIA
email ajaxrim@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id acadia16_254
id acadia16_254
authors Sharmin, Shahida; Ahlquist, Sean
year 2016
title Knit Architecture: Exploration of Hybrid Textile Composites Through the Activation of Integrated Material Behavior
source ACADIA // 2016: POSTHUMAN FRONTIERS: Data, Designers, and Cognitive Machines [Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-77095-5] Ann Arbor 27-29 October, 2016, pp. 254-259
summary The hybrid system in textile composites refers to the structural logic defined by Heino Engel, which describes a system that integrates multiple structural behaviors to achieve an equilibrium state (Engel 2007). This research explores a material system that can demonstrate a hybrid material behavior defined by the differentiated tensile and bending-active forces in a single, seamless knitted composite material. These behaviors were installed during the materialization phase and activated during the composite formation process. Here, the material formation involves two interdependent processes: 1) development of the knitted textile with integrated tensile and reinforced materials and 2) development of the composite by applying pre-stress and vacuuming the localized area with reinforcements in a consistent resin-based matrix. The flat bed industrial weft knitting machine has been utilized to develop the knitted textile component of the system with a controlled knit structure. This enables us to control the material types, densities, and cross sections with integrated multiple layers/ribs and thus, the performance of the textile at the scale of fiber structure. Both of these aspects were researched in parallel, using physical and computational methods informed and shaped by the potentials and constraints of each other. A series of studies has been utilized to develop small-scale prototypes that depict the potential of the hybrid textile composite as the generator of complex form and bending active structures. Ultimately, it indicates the possibilities of hybrid textile composite materials as self-structuring lightweight components that can perform as highly articulated and differentiated seamless architectural elements that are capable of transforming the perception of light, space, and touch.
keywords form-finding, programmable materials, composite forming processes, embedded responsiveness
series ACADIA
type paper
email shahida@umich.edu
last changed 2016/10/24 11:12

_id sigradi2016_534
id sigradi2016_534
authors Tolentino, Mônica Martins Andrade
year 2016
title A utilizaç?o do HBIM na documentaç?o, na gest?o e na preservaç?o do Patrimônio Arquitetônico [The Use of HBIM on Documentation, Management and Conservation of the Architectural Heritage]
source SIGraDi 2016 [Proceedings of the 20th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Argentina, Buenos Aires 9 - 11 November 2016, pp.510-518
summary This paper studies the HBIM concept and proposes a digital model of the Church of Bom Jesus de Matosinhos, in the city of Serro, aiming at its preservation. For this purpose, it (1) investigates and defines what information should be incorporated into the geometric model (attributes), so that it can be useful during the life cycle of the building and can contribute to the analysis and conservation of the object it represents; (2) defines the level of detail (LOD) to be used in HBIM models; (3) builds a HBIM model with a level of detail appropriate for the Church.
keywords HBIM; Architectural Heritage; Documentation; Management; Conservation
series SIGraDi
email monica.andrade@ict.ufvjm.edu.br
last changed 2017/06/21 12:19

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