CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ecaade2016_073
id ecaade2016_073
authors Borhani, Alireza and Kalantar, Negar
year 2016
title Material Active Geometry - Constituting Programmable Materials for Responsive Building Skins
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 639-648
summary This paper is part of a body of research developing an exploratory dialogue between the built form and the environment, via experimentation with performative geometry and material. Here, geometry is considered a design material with the specific capacity to contribute to the performative aspects and kinetic capabilities of building skins.This work opens with a review of emerging opportunities for architects to design materials. It then discusses the concept of Material Active Geometry (MAG) as a means of designing new properties for existing materials. This is followed by a discussion of MAG principles that inform the concepts of flexibility and rigidity in a 3D-printed textile called Flexible Textile Structure (FTS). This research characterizes two FTS types and discusses their potential to be employed in building skins; it also considers combinatory approaches to computational models and physical prototyping. The work concludes with a discussion of the advantages of using FTS, and provides a trajectory for future research in the field of responsive materials and systems.
wos WOS:000402063700069
keywords Programmable Material; Material Active Geometry; Flexible Textile Structures; Responsive Building Skins; Flexible yet Rigid
series eCAADe
email borhani@tamu.edu
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id caadria2016_249
id caadria2016_249
authors Kuma, Taichi
year 2016
title Iterative design process between physical modelling and computational simulation for pre-tensioned grid shell structure
source Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, pp. 249-258
summary Grid shell structures are widely used in many types of buildings. In this paper the author proposes a new grid shell structure, which is pre-tensioned by stretchable membrane. Through iterative process between physical modelling and computational simulation, one pavilion is finally presented as a demonstration of the architectur- al performance of this structure.
keywords Material computation; form finding; pavilion; grid shell; active bending
series CAADRIA
email tai.kuma.0902@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id ijac201614105
id ijac201614105
authors Ahlquist, Sean
year 2016
title Sensory material architectures: Concepts and methodologies for spatial tectonics and tactile responsivity in knitted textile hybrid structures
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 14 - no. 1, 63-82
summary As the knowledge of material computation advances, continuing the seamless integration of design and fabrication, questions beyond materialization can be addressed with a focus on sensing, feedback, and engagement as critical factors of design exploration. This article will discuss a series of prototypes, design methodologies, and technologies that articulate a textile’s micro-architecture, at the scale of fibers and stitches, to instrumentalize simultaneous structural, spatial, and sensory-responsive qualities. The progression of research displays an ever-deepening instrumentalization of fiber structure and its implications to form definition and responsivity, in creating form- and bending-active structures. The research results in a more refined definition of material behavior as the innate phenomena which emerge at the moment of textile fabrication. Ultimately, the architecture, in its materiality and physical, visual, and auditory responsivity, is designed to address specific challenges for children in filtering multiple sensory inputs, an underlying factor of autism spectrum disorder.
keywords CNC Knitting, Form-active, Bending-active, Textile hybrid, Mutli-sensory
series journal
last changed 2016/06/13 06:34

_id acadia16_254
id acadia16_254
authors Sharmin, Shahida; Ahlquist, Sean
year 2016
title Knit Architecture: Exploration of Hybrid Textile Composites Through the Activation of Integrated Material Behavior
source ACADIA // 2016: POSTHUMAN FRONTIERS: Data, Designers, and Cognitive Machines [Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-77095-5] Ann Arbor 27-29 October, 2016, pp. 254-259
summary The hybrid system in textile composites refers to the structural logic defined by Heino Engel, which describes a system that integrates multiple structural behaviors to achieve an equilibrium state (Engel 2007). This research explores a material system that can demonstrate a hybrid material behavior defined by the differentiated tensile and bending-active forces in a single, seamless knitted composite material. These behaviors were installed during the materialization phase and activated during the composite formation process. Here, the material formation involves two interdependent processes: 1) development of the knitted textile with integrated tensile and reinforced materials and 2) development of the composite by applying pre-stress and vacuuming the localized area with reinforcements in a consistent resin-based matrix. The flat bed industrial weft knitting machine has been utilized to develop the knitted textile component of the system with a controlled knit structure. This enables us to control the material types, densities, and cross sections with integrated multiple layers/ribs and thus, the performance of the textile at the scale of fiber structure. Both of these aspects were researched in parallel, using physical and computational methods informed and shaped by the potentials and constraints of each other. A series of studies has been utilized to develop small-scale prototypes that depict the potential of the hybrid textile composite as the generator of complex form and bending active structures. Ultimately, it indicates the possibilities of hybrid textile composite materials as self-structuring lightweight components that can perform as highly articulated and differentiated seamless architectural elements that are capable of transforming the perception of light, space, and touch.
keywords form-finding, programmable materials, composite forming processes, embedded responsiveness
series ACADIA
type paper
email shahida@umich.edu
last changed 2016/10/24 11:12

_id acadia16_88
id acadia16_88
authors Klemmt, Christoph; Bollinger, Klaus
year 2016
title Load Responsive Angiogenesis Networks: Structural Growth Simulations of Discrete Members using Variable Topology Spring Systems
source ACADIA // 2016: POSTHUMAN FRONTIERS: Data, Designers, and Cognitive Machines [Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-77095-5] Ann Arbor 27-29 October, 2016, pp. 88-97
summary Venation systems in leaves, which form their structural support, always connect back to one seed point, the petiole of the leaf. In order to develop similar structural networks for architectural use which connect to more seed points on the ground, an algorithm has been developed which can develop from two or three seed points, inspired by angiogenesis, the process through which the vascular system grows. This allows for the generation of structurally suitable topologies based on discrete members, which can be evaluated using Finite Element Analysis and which can be constructed from linear structural members without an additional interpretation of the results. The networks have been developed as load bearing spring systems above the support points. Different structures have been compared and tested using Finite Element Analysis. Compared to traditional column and beam structures, the angiogenesis networks as well as the venation networks are shown to perform well under load.
keywords venation, finite element analysis, angiongenesis, embedded responsiveness
series ACADIA
type paper
email christoph@orproject.com
last changed 2016/10/24 11:12

_id sigradi2016_382
id sigradi2016_382
authors Güzelci, Orkan Zeynel; Alaçam, Sema; Bac?no?lu, Zeynep
year 2016
title Enhancing Flexibility of 2D Planar Materials By Applying Cut Patterns For Hands On Study Models
source SIGraDi 2016 [Proceedings of the 20th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Argentina, Buenos Aires 9 - 11 November 2016, pp. 1-6
summary Active experimentation during intertranslations between digital and physical modelling allow designers to explore new geometrical possibilities. Particularly, while changing the strength of the material, cut operations augment bending performance of the planar surfaces. Keeping in mind the potentiality of bending behavior as a generative tool for computational process, this paper presents the findings of three phased experimentation: implication of cut patterns to 2D planar material, mapping 2D patterns onto 3D surfaces and exploring new 3D free-form surfaces.
keywords Bending; Hands-on Exploration; Making; Laser Cut; Double Curvature
series SIGraDi
email orkanguzelci@gmail.com
last changed 2017/06/21 12:18

_id caadria2016_291
id caadria2016_291
authors Hotta, K. and A. Hotta
year 2016
title The Implementation of Programmable Architecture: Wireless Interaction with Dynamic Structure
source Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, pp. 291-299
summary True adaptability in architecture necessitates both dynamic hardware and software with the potential for continually renewable forms capable of all possible variations necessary for changing de- mands and conditions, without having to resort to one theoretically optimal solution. PA consists of both autonomous and subservient systems that maintain a constant homeostasis within its contained en- vironment. The information flow between the Genetic Algorithms (GA) and user input prompts this hybrid system to generate the conse- quent, ever-changing physical form, while continuously optimizing it for environmental stimuli. This paper proposes a smart strategy for a human interactive-cybernetic architecture in the context of K. Hotta’s Programmable Architecture (PA), aimed at enhancing GA’s capabili- ties in continuous self-modelling and facilitating human-computer in- terface.
keywords Human-computer interaction; user interface
series CAADRIA
email khotta@sfc.keio.ac.jp
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id acadia16_260
id acadia16_260
authors Schleicher, Simon; La Magna, Riccardo
year 2016
title Bending-Active Plates: Form-Finding and Form-Conversion
source ACADIA // 2016: POSTHUMAN FRONTIERS: Data, Designers, and Cognitive Machines [Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-77095-5] Ann Arbor 27-29 October, 2016, pp. 260-269
summary With this paper, the authors aim to contribute to the discourse on bending-active structures by highlighting two different design methods, form-finding and form-conversion. The authors compare the two methods through close analysis of bending-active plate structures, discussing their advantages and disadvantages based on three built case studies. This paper introduces the core ideas behind bending-active structures, a rather new structural system that makes targeted use of large elastic deformations to generate and stabilize complex geometrical forms based on initially planar elements. Previous research has focused mainly on form-finding. As a bottom-up approach, it begins with flat plates and recreates the bending and coupling process digitally to gradually determine the final shape. Form-conversion, conversely, begins with a predefined shape that is then discretized by strategic surface tiling and informed mesh subdivision, and which in turn considers the geometrical and structural constraints given by the plates. The three built case studies exemplify how these methods integrate into the design process. The first case study applies physical and digital form-finding techniques to build a chaise lounge. The latter two convert a desired shape into wide-spanning constructions that either weave multiple strips together or connect distant layers with each other, providing additional rigidity. The presented case studies successfully prove the effectiveness of form-finding and form-conversion methods and render a newly emerging design space for the planning, fabrication, and construction of bending-active structures.
keywords bending-active structures, form-conversion, form-finding, embedded responsiveness
series ACADIA
type paper
email simon_s@berkeley.edu
last changed 2016/10/24 11:12

_id ecaade2016_043
id ecaade2016_043
authors Wit, Andrew and Kim, Simon
year 2016
title rolyPOLY - A Hybrid Prototype for Digital Techniques and Analog Craft in Architecture
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 631-638
summary The rapid emergence of computational design tools, advanced material systems and robotic fabrication within the disciplines of architecture and construction has granted designers immense freedom in form and assembly, while retaining pronounced control over output quality throughout the entirety of the design and fabrication process. Simultaneously, the complexity inherent within these tools and processes can lead to a loss of craft though the production of methodologies, forms and artifacts left with extremely recognizable residues from tooling processes utilized during their production. This paper investigates the fecund intersection of digital technologies and handcraft through core-less carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) winding as a means of creating a new typology of digital craft blurring the line between human and machine. Through the lens of an innovative wound CFRP shelter rolyPOLY completed during the winter of 2015, this paper will show the exigencies and affordances between the realms of digital and analog methodologies of CFRP winding on large-scale structures.
wos WOS:000402063700068
keywords additive manufacturing; composites; form finding; craft; analog / digital
series eCAADe
email andrew.wit@temple.edu
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id ascaad2016_013
id ascaad2016_013
authors Belkis Öksüz, Elif
year 2016
title Parametricism for Urban Aesthetics - A flawless order behind chaos or an over-design of complexity
source Parametricism Vs. Materialism: Evolution of Digital Technologies for Development [8th ASCAAD Conference Proceedings ISBN 978-0-9955691-0-2] London (United Kingdom) 7-8 November 2016, pp. 105-112
summary Over the last decade, paradigm shifts in the philosophy of space-time relations, the change from space-time to spatio-temporality, caused significant changes in the design field, and introduced new variations and discourses for parametric approaches in architecture. Among all the discourses, parametricism is likely the most spectacular one. The founder of parametricism, Patrik Schumacher (2009) describes it as “a new style,” which has “the superior capacity to articulate programmatic complexity;” and “aesthetically, it is the elegance of ordered complexity in the sense of seamless fluidity.” In its theoretical background, Schumacher (2011) affiliates this style with the philosophy of autopoiesis, the philosophy that stands between making and becoming. Additionally, parametricism concerns not only the physical geometry in making of form; but also discusses the relational and causal aspects in becoming of form. In other words, it brings the aesthetic qualities in making through the topological intelligence behind becoming. Regarding that, parametricism seems an effective way of managing /creating complex topologies in form-related issues. However, when it comes to practice, there are some challenging points of parametricism in large-scale design studies. Thus, this work underlines that the dominance of elegance for urban planning has the potential of limiting the flexible and dynamic topology of the urban context, and objectifying the whole complex urban form as an over-designed product. For an aesthetic inquiry into urban parametricism, this paper highlights the challenging issues behind the aesthetic premises of parametricism at the urban design scale. For that, Kartal Master Plan Design Proposal by Zaha Hadid Architects (2006) will be discussed as an exemplary work.
series ASCAAD
email elifb8807@gmail.com
last changed 2017/05/25 11:31

_id ecaade2016_098
id ecaade2016_098
authors Bia³kowski, Sebastian
year 2016
title Structural Optimisation Methods as a New Toolset for Architects
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 255-264
summary The paper focuses on possibilities of already known engineering procedures such as Finite Element Method or Topology Optimisation for effective implementation in architectural design process. The existing attempts of complex engineering algorithms implementation, as a form finding approach will be discussed. The review of architectural approaches utilising engineering methods will be supplemented by the author's own solution for that particular problem. By intersecting architectural form evaluation with engineering analysis complemented by optimisation algorithms, the new quality of contemporary architecture design process may appears.
wos WOS:000402064400025
keywords topology optimization; design support tools; complex geometries; finite element method; CUDA
series eCAADe
email sebastian.bialkowski@p.lodz.pl
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id caadria2016_105
id caadria2016_105
authors Yan, Dong; Weixin Huang and Zhida Song
year 2016
title Generation of Weaving Structure on Free-Form Surface Using a Remeshing Algorithm
source Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, pp. 105-114
summary Inspired by the study on traditional weaving handicrafts, this paper focuses on a new weaving structure system that could be used in construction of different organic geometries. A new and viable remeshing algorithm is proposed that a free-form surface could be converted into a certain mesh grid, in which the edges represent the weaving elements, and the vertices represent their joints. The research essentially seeks to integrate the intangible cultural heritage into the construction technique, as well as to narrow the gap between the com- plex geometry with digital fabrication.
keywords Weaving structure; free-form surface; remeshing; complex topology
series CAADRIA
email yand14@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id caadria2016_197
id caadria2016_197
authors Zavoleas, Yannis
year 2016
title The biological model and the bio-type: Dynamic simulation tools defining architectural components
source Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, pp. 197-206
summary Architecture has shown a recurring interest on themes of biological origin, especially since the early days of modernism. With the advent of computation, the related discourse has been enriched with new analogies, in particular when biological systems are de- scribed by algorithmic formulas and their parametric functions are in- spected with the assistance of simulation tools. An understanding of the architectural object with reference to biology offers breaking from typological preconceptions about form in favour of its operational character supporting organic behaviour, so to speak. In reflection, the present paper puts under scrutiny architectural components such as fa- c?ade, wall, window, opening, support structure and circulation viewed as topological references also in analogy to biological notions such as skin, membrane, cell, bone structure, energy flows and the nervous system. Form becomes the dynamic effect of forces; a system that manages energy trades being the primary cause of its own shape.
keywords System; parametricism; type; topology; bio-structuralism
series CAADRIA
email y.zavoleas@newastle.edu.au
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id ascaad2016_043
id ascaad2016_043
authors Alacam, Sema; Orkan. Z. Güzelci
year 2016
title Computational Interpretations of 2D Muqarnas Projections in 3D Form Finding
source Parametricism Vs. Materialism: Evolution of Digital Technologies for Development [8th ASCAAD Conference Proceedings ISBN 978-0-9955691-0-2] London (United Kingdom) 7-8 November 2016, pp. 421-430
summary In the scope of this study, we developed an algorithm to generate new 3D geometry (interpretation) of a given or generated planar projection of a muqarnas in a digital 3D modelling software (Rhinoceros), its visual scripting environment (VSE) Grasshopper and also the Python programming language. Differing from traditional methods, asymmetrical form alternatives are examined. In other words, 2D projections of muqarnas were only used as an initial geometrical pattern for generative form finding explorations. This study can be considered an attempt to explore new relations, rules and vocabulary through algorithmic form finding experiments derived from 2D muqarnas projections.
series ASCAAD
email semosphere@gmail.com
last changed 2017/05/25 11:33

_id caadria2016_507
id caadria2016_507
authors Choi, Jungsik; Inhan Kim and Jiyong Lee
year 2016
title Development of schematic estimation system through linking QTO with Cost DB
source Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, pp. 507-516
summary Cost estimate in architectural projects is an important factor for decision-making and financing the project in both early design phase and detailed design phase. In Korea, estimate work based on 2D drawing has generated problems of difference form QTO according to worker’s mistake and know-how. In addition, 2D-based estimation are obtained uncertainty factors of estimation depending on lack of infor- mation due to becoming larger and more complex than any other pro- ject of the architectural project. In order to solve limitations, this study is to suggest an open BIM-based schematic estimation process and a prototype system within the building frame through linking QTO and cost information. This study consists of the following steps: 1) Ana- lysing Level of Detail (LoD) to apply to the process and system, 2) BIM modelling for open BIM-based QTO, 3) Verifying the quality of the BIM model, 4) Developing a schematic estimation prototype sys- tem. This study is expected to improve work efficiency as well as reli- ability of construction cost.
keywords Cost DB; Industry Foundation Classes (IFC); Open Building Information Modelling (BIM); schematic estimation; Quantity Take-Off (QTO)
series CAADRIA
email jungsikchoi@khu.ac.kr
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id ecaade2016_164
id ecaade2016_164
authors Dobiesz, Sebastian and Grajper, Anna
year 2016
title Animating the Static. Case Study of The Project "Urbanimals" - Enhancing play in the cities through an augmented and interactive environment
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 691-700
summary This article delineates the process of developing the project "Urbanimals" - an interactive installation designed and realised in Bristol, UK, in 2015. As the case study research, it draws attention to the difficulties in designing interactive structures in urban spaces - from an architects' idea to a construction stage. There are four areas that are being investigated: (1) Modelling interactions, (2) Negotiating locations and logistics, (3) Developing hardware and (4) Performing the on-site observations. The project draws from the idea of Smart City (SC) as the concept of the urban environment with a certain level of responsiveness through implementing a technology-driven matter that expands city offer perceivable, but gentle and not hindering way. It highlights the possible applications of projection technology and the utilisation of the 3D modelling software which provides complex tools for creating animations, movements and interactions with future users. The article gives clues how to design more engaging interactions and how to deal with implementing them in public realm.
wos WOS:000402063700074
keywords Smart Cities; Interactive Architecture; public realm; art installations
series eCAADe
email sebastian.dobiesz@gmail.com
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id ecaade2016_007
id ecaade2016_007
authors ElGhazi, Yomna Saad and Mahmoud, Ayman Hassaan Ahmed
year 2016
title Origami Explorations - A Generative Parametric Technique For kinetic cellular façade to optimize Daylight Performance
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 399-408
summary At present the kinetics is basic, but there is no doubt that research into the field of responsive building facades will continue, to find more sophisticated design and technical solutions. This research explores the possibilities of kinetic composition afforded by Origami different techniques using squared module. Origami and paper pleating techniques are one of the conceptual design approaches from which Kinetics can be developed. The paper examines the possibilities of different arrangements of folded modules to create environmental efficient kinetic morphed skins. The paper aims to achieve different Kinetic origami-based shading screens categorized by series of parameters to provide appropriate daylighting. The main tested parameters are the form of Origami folds, the module size and motion scenarios. Ten origami cases where explored first using conceptual folded paper maquette modules, then parametrically modelled and simulated at four times of the year, 21st of March, June, September and December, taken every hour of the working day.
wos WOS:000402064400039
keywords Kinetic cellular façade; Origami; Parametric modelling; Parametric simulations; Daylighting performance.
series eCAADe
email yomnaelghazi@yahoo.com
last changed 2017/06/28 08:45

_id ecaade2016_114
id ecaade2016_114
authors Erdine, Elif and Kallegias, Alexandros
year 2016
title Calculated Matter - Algorithmic Form-Finding and Robotic Mold-Making
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 163-168
summary The paper addresses a specific method for the production of custom-made, differentiated moulds for the realization of a complex, doubly-curved wall element during an international three-week architectural programme, Architectural Association (AA) Summer DLAB. The research objectives focus on linking geometry, structure, and robotic fabrication within the material agency of concrete. Computational workflow comprises the integration of structural analysis tools and real-time form-finding methods in order to inform global geometry and structural performance simultaneously. The ability to exchange information between various simulation, modelling, analysis, and fabrication software in a seamless fashion is one of the key areas where the creation of complex form meets with the simplicity of exchanging information throughout various platforms. The paper links the notions of complexity and simplicity throughout the design and fabrication processes. The aim to create a complex geometrical configuration within the simplicity of a single material system, concrete, presents itself as an opportunity for further discussion and development.
wos WOS:000402063700018
keywords robotic fabrication; custom form-work; generative design; structural analysis; concrete
series eCAADe
email elif.erdine@aaschool.ac.uk
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id ecaade2016_169
id ecaade2016_169
authors Garcia, Manuel Jimenez
year 2016
title Soft Modelling - Open source Java application for flexible structural systems
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 265-274
summary Contemporary advanced simulation software allow for a higher accuracy in the understanding of material behaviour. The increase in computational power is enabling designers to get much closer to real time physical simulations, which facilitates the inheritance of those tools in their design workflows.However, the use of those tools is normally limited to a series of specific steps within the entire workflow, rather than a feature integrated in the design process itself.Softmodelling is an open source Java application which aims to bridge this gap by seamlessly integrating physical simulations in every step of the design process, giving designers the ability to not only test structural behaviours of a given output, but also allow them to design while taking both structural stability and material behaviour into account at every stage.This paper will discuss the design and evolution of the software, as well as showcase physical prototypes which explore the possibilities of such design methods. These projects are fundamental in materialising the evolution of Softmodelling, towards becoming an application that does not only enable the design of flexible elements, but also facilitates their manufacturing and assembly into large scale structures.
wos WOS:000402064400026
keywords Particle-spring systems; Dynamic relaxation; Physics Simulation; Flexible materials; Discrete Computation; Open source; Design Software
series eCAADe
email manuel.j@madmdesign.com
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id cf2017_111
id cf2017_111
authors Kepczynska-Walczak, Anetta; Pietrzak, Anna
year 2017
title An Experimental Methodology for Urban Morphology Analysis
source Gülen Çagdas, Mine Özkar, Leman F. Gül and Ethem Gürer (Eds.) Future Trajectories of Computation in Design [17th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2017, Proceedings / ISBN 978-975-561-482-3] Istanbul, Turkey, July 12-14, 2017, p. 111.
summary The paper presents results of a research conducted in 2015 and 2016 at Lodz University of Technology. It proposes a purpose and context fit approach towards the automation of urban data generation based on GIS tools and New Urbanism typologies. First, background studies of methods applied in urban morphology analysis are revealed. Form-Based Code planning, and subsequently Transect-Based Code are taken into account. Then, selected examples from literature are described and discussed. Finally, the research study is presented and the outcomes compared with more traditional methodology.
keywords GIS, Urban morphology, Spatial analysis, Decision support systems, Urban design, Data analytics, Modelling and simulation
series CAAD Futures
email anetta@p.lodz.pl, a.pietrzak@dokt.p.lodz.pl
last changed 2017/12/01 13:37

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