CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 41 to 60 of 413

_id ecaade2017_050
id ecaade2017_050
authors Cursi, Stefano, Simeone, Davide and Coraglia, Ugo Maria
year 2017
title An ontology-based platform for BIM semantic enrichment
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 649-656
summary In its application to design phases, BIM has progressively shown limits in terms of semantic representation and efficiency of supporting collaboration. This paper investigates the possibilities related to BIM representation enrichment through semantic web approaches, in order to represent knowledge rather than information and presents a prototypal application oriented to the integration of the informative model of the building with a knowledge base developed by means of ontologies, providing a more structured system of interconnected information.
keywords BIM; Semantic enrichment; Knowledge Management; Ontologies
series eCAADe
email davide.simeone@uniroma1.it
last changed 2017/09/13 13:31

_id ecaade2017_293
id ecaade2017_293
authors D'Amico, Alessandro and Curr?, Edoardo
year 2017
title From TSL survey to HBIM, issues on survey and information modeling implementation for the built heritage - The case study of the Temple di Bacco Ravello
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 39-48
summary The research presents an application of HBIM to the recovery process and design, which allows to highlight some potentialities and criticalities of what has become an important instrument in the documentation and conservation of architectural heritage. The object of the research is the Temple di Bacco, built by Lord Girmthorpe as his final resting place and located within the gardens of Villa Cimbrone, Ravello (SA).The survey has presented several difficulties due to the particular configuration of the site, very steep, with very limited space around the object. If on the one hand the TLS obvious to the lack of edges of cylindrical objects, on the other hand it poses problems for the tangency of the scan points. The Scan to BIM methodology has proven to be effective and has allowed to overcome the difficulties associated with the conformation of the artefact and of the site, in the study of the analyzed object. In conclusion, some assessments and results are reported, aimed at sharing and defining strategies and methodologies of scientific validity regarding the application of the HBIM model to a process of recovery and consolidation of an existing building object.
keywords BIM; HBIM; Built Heritage; TLS; Scan to BIM
series eCAADe
email alessandro.damico@uniroma1.it
last changed 2017/09/13 13:31

_id sigradi2017_068
id sigradi2017_068
authors da Motta Gaspar, João Alberto; Regina Coeli Ruschel
year 2017
title A evolução do significado atribuído ao acrônimo BIM: Uma perspectiva no tempo [The evolution of the meaning ascribed to the acronym BIM: A perspective in time]
source SIGraDi 2017 [Proceedings of the 21th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-227-439-5] Chile, Concepción 22 - 24 November 2017, pp.461-469
summary The term Building Information Model emerged in 1992. It has evolved over time and has its meaning currently associated with an object-oriented modeling technology and an associated set of processes to produce, communicate and analyze building models. Its origin is related to several other, older terms. This paper registers the evolution of BIM and related definitions over time by means of a systematic literature review. We present a list of BIM-related terms and their meanings, organized by date of emergence, and charts showing which ones are most used over time, contributing to better understanding of the meaning of BIM.
keywords BIM; History of BIM; Building Information Model.
series SIGraDi
email 192355@unicamp.br
last changed 2018/07/27 08:08

_id ecaade2017_157
id ecaade2017_157
authors Date, Kartikeya, Schaumann, Davide and Kalay, Yehuda E.
year 2017
title A Parametric Approach To Simulating Use-Patterns in Buildings - The Case Of Movement
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 503-510
summary We describe one of the three core use-pattern building blocks of a parametric approach to simulating use-patterns in buildings. Use-patterns are modeled as events which use specified descriptions of spaces, actors and activities which constitute them. The simulation system relies on three fundamental patterns of use - move, meet and do. The move pattern is considered in detail in this paper with specific reference to what we term the partial knowledge issue. Modeling decision making about how to move through the space (what path to take) depends on modeling the actor's partial access to knowledge. Visibility is used as an example of partial knowledge. The parametric approach described in the paper enables the clear separation of syntactical and semantic conditions which inform decisions and the coordination of decisions made by agents in a simulation of use-patterns. This approach contributes to extending the analytical capability of Building Information Models from the point of view of evaluating how a proposed building design may be used, given complex, interrelated patterns of use.
keywords Agent-Based Systems, Simulation, Use-Patterns, Design Tools
series eCAADe
email kartikeya.date@gmail.com
last changed 2017/09/13 13:30

_id ecaade2017_164
id ecaade2017_164
authors De Luca, Francesco
year 2017
title From Envelope to Layout - Buildings Massing and Layout Generation for Solar Access in Urban Environments
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 431-440
summary The use of daylight for the inhabitants health and comfort purposes and for the energy efficiency of buildings influences significantly the shape and outlook of urban environments. The solar envelope and solar collection surface are methods to define the massing of buildings for direct solar access requirements. They have been recently improved to be used in the design of buildings in relation to the Estonian daylight standard. Nevertheless the solar collection method can be applied only to single buildings with simple shape. The present research investigates the direct solar access performance of building clusters with multiple layouts in different urban areas in the city of Tallinn. Result show that different patterns perform in significant different ways whereas the same cluster types have the best and the least performances in all the cases.
keywords Urban design; Direct solar access; Solar envelope; Environmental analysis; Computational design
series eCAADe
email francesco.deluca@ttu.ee
last changed 2017/09/13 13:30

_id ecaade2017_214
id ecaade2017_214
authors Donato, Vincenzo, Giannetti, Stefano and Bocconcino, Maurizio Marco
year 2017
title H-BIM and web-database to deal with the loss of information due to catastrophic events - The digital reconstruction of San Salvatore's Church in Campi di Norcia (Italy)
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 119-128
summary Nowadays , we are able to produce geometric models of historical buildings at different scales of detail, using photos and measurements. This is true when you are observing something that is still under your eyes. We are faced more and more with lack of preservation actions and maintenance activities, policies framed without foresight, unexpected natural events, etc., that are forcing professionals and researchers to operate without usual data. In such cases, we need a consistent repository to collect and distribute data to produce information.Furthermore, we need to "give intelligence" to these repositories, in order to query them with respect to geometrical instances, topological issues, historical features, etc. This last aspect, (archives and databases connected with geometrical aspects), lead our digital model to a new dimension, the informative one (where spatial, temporal, historical and building parameters work together), that should always characterize speculative actions towards the constitution of a wealth of knowledge. We need to work on the efficiency of the process to reach effective methodologies of survey.
keywords cultural heritage; Structure from Motion (SfM); loss information; H-BIM; web-database
series eCAADe
email vincenzo.donato@polito.it
last changed 2017/09/13 13:13

_id caadria2017_101
id caadria2017_101
authors Dounas, Theodoros, Spaeth, Benjamin, Wu, Hao and Zhang, Chenke
year 2017
title Speculative Urban Types - A Cellular Automata Evolutionary Approach
source P. Janssen, P. Loh, A. Raonic, M. A. Schnabel (eds.), Protocols, Flows, and Glitches - Proceedings of the 22nd CAADRIA Conference, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China, 5-8 April 2017, pp. 313-322
summary The accelerated rate of urbanization in China is the motivator behind this paper. As a response to the observed monotonous housing developments in Suzhou Industrial Park (SIP) and elsewhere our method exploits Cellular Automata (CA) combined with fitness evaluation algorithms to explore speculatively the potential of building regulations for increased density and diversity through an automated design algorithm. The well-known Game of Life CA is extended from its original 2-dimensional functionality into the realm of three dimensions and enriched with the possibility of resizing the involved cells according to their function. Moreover our method integrates the "social condenser" as a means of diversifying functional distribution within the Cellular Automata as well as solar radiation as requested by the existing building regulation. The method achieves a densification of the development from 31% to 39% ratio of footprint to occupied volume whilst obeying the solar radiation rule and offering a more diverse functional occupation. This proof of concept demonstrates a solid approach to the automated design of housing developments at an urban scale with a ,yet limited, evaluation procedure including solar radiation which can be extended to other performance criteria in future work.
keywords integrated Speculation; Generative Urbanism; Cellular Automata
series CAADRIA
email Theodoros.dounas@xjtlu.edu.cn
last changed 2017/05/09 08:05

_id cf2017_648
id cf2017_648
authors Dounas, Theodoros; Spaeth, A. Benjamin; Wu, Hao; Zhang, Chenke
year 2017
title Dense Urban Typologies and the Game of Life: Evolving Cellular Automata
source Gülen Çagdas, Mine Özkar, Leman F. Gül and Ethem Gürer (Eds.) Future Trajectories of Computation in Design [17th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2017, Proceedings / ISBN 978-975-561-482-3] Istanbul, Turkey, July 12-14, 2017, pp. 648-666.
summary The ongoing rate of urbanization in China is the motivator behind this paper. As a response to the observed monotonous housing developments in Suzhou Industrial Park (SIP) and elsewhere our method exploits Cellular Automata (CA) combined with fitness evaluation algorithms to explore speculatively the potential of existing developments and respective building regulations for increased density and diversity through an automated design algorithm. The well-known Game of Life CA is extended from its original 2-dimensional functionality into the realm of three dimensions and enriched with the opportunity of resizing the involved cells according to their function. Moreover our method integrates an earlier technique of constrcuctivists namely the “social condenser” as a means of diversifying functional distribution within the Cellular Automata as well as solar radiation as requested by the existing building regulation. The method achieves a densification of the development from 31% to 39% ratio of footprint to occupied volume whilst obeying the solar radiation rule and offering a more diverse functional occupation. This proof of concept demonstrates a solid approach to the automated design of housing developments at an urban scale with a ,yet limited, evaluation procedure including solar radiation which can be extended to other performance criteria in future work.
keywords Evolutionary Design, Generative Urbanism, Integrated Strategy
series CAAD Futures
email td@adventurousarchitecture.com, spaetha@cardiff.ac.uk, Hao.Wu1302, Chenke.Zhang13}@student.xjtlu.edu.cn
last changed 2017/12/01 13:38

_id sigradi2017_003
id sigradi2017_003
authors Dávila, Mariolly; González Alayón, Pedro Wightman
year 2017
title Patrimonio moderno y realidad aumentada e inmersiva: De la valorización a la reconstrucción virtual. Caso: Coliseo Humberto Perea, Barranquilla, Colombia [Modern heritage and augmented and inmersive reality: from valuation to virtual reconstruction. Case: Coliseum Humberto Perea, Barranquilla, Colombia]
source SIGraDi 2017 [Proceedings of the 21th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-227-439-5] Chile, Concepción 22 - 24 November 2017, pp.26-32
summary As the result of the demolishing decision of Humberto Perea was generated, a Seminar- Workshop on CG at Universidad del Norte with the purpose of evaluate his heritage´s modern movement in Barranquilla. The Seminar´s objective was to design a methodology for documenting the building through technologies: CG and mixed realities. The methodology contents two parts; First, the building incorporated into the context with previous to the demolition and with architectural survey. And second part was developed with the Seminar - Workshop and Immersive Virtual Reality. As conclusion was demonstrated that any heritage building can be documenting to be used by researchers.
series SIGraDi
email cordidom@uninorte.edu.co
last changed 2018/07/27 08:05

_id cf2017_533
id cf2017_533
authors El-Zanfaly, Dina; Abdelmohsen, Sherif
year 2017
title Imitation in Action: A Pedagogical Approach for Making Kinetic Structures
source Gülen Çagdas, Mine Özkar, Leman F. Gül and Ethem Gürer (Eds.) Future Trajectories of Computation in Design [17th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2017, Proceedings / ISBN 978-975-561-482-3] Istanbul, Turkey, July 12-14, 2017, pp. 533-545.
summary One of the problems in teaching students how to design kinetic architecture is the difficulty of helping them grasp concepts like motion, physical computing and fabrication, concepts not generally dealt with in conventional architectural projects. In this paper, we introduce a pedagogical method for better utilizing prototyping and explore the role prototyping plays in learning and conceptualizing design ideas. Our method is based on building the learner’s sensory experience through iteration and focusing on the process as well as the product. Specifically, our research attempts to address the following questions: How can architecture students anticipate and feel motion while they design kinetic prototypes? How do their prototypes enable them to explore design ideas? As a case study, we applied our methodology in an 8-week workshop in a fabrication laboratory in Cairo, Egypt. The workshop was open to young architects and students who had completed at least four semesters of study at the university. We describe the pedagogical approach we developed to build the sensory experience of making motion, and demonstrate the basic setting and stages of the workshop. We show how a cyclical learning process, based on perception and action -- copying and iteration -- contributed to the students’ learning experience and enabled them to create and improvise on their own.
keywords Kinetic Architecture, Digital Fabrication, Sensory Experience, Computational Making, Imitation
series CAAD Futures
email dzanfaly@mit.edu, sherifmorad@aucegypt.edu, sherifmorad@eng.asu.edu.eg
last changed 2017/12/01 13:38

_id cf2017_137
id cf2017_137
authors Ensari, Elif; Kobas, Bilge; Sucuo?lu, Can
year 2017
title Computational Decision Support for an Airport Complex Roof Design: A Case Study of Evolutionary Optimization for Daylight Provision and Overheating Prevention
source Gülen Çagdas, Mine Özkar, Leman F. Gül and Ethem Gürer (Eds.) Future Trajectories of Computation in Design [17th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2017, Proceedings / ISBN 978-975-561-482-3] Istanbul, Turkey, July 12-14, 2017, pp. 137-149.
summary This study focuses on generating geometric design alternatives for an airport roof structure with an evolutionary design method based on optimizing solar heat gain and daylight levels. The method incorporates a parametric 3D model of the building, a multi objective genetic algorithm that was linked with the model to iteratively test for various geometric solutions, a custom module that was developed to simulate solar conditions, and external energy simulation environments that was used to validate the outcomes. The integral outcome was achieved through an iterative workflow of many software tools, and the study is significant in dealing with several space typologies at the same time, taking real-life constraints such as applicability, ease of operation, construction loads into consideration, and satisfying design and aesthetic requirements of the architectural design team.
keywords Evolutionary algorithms, daylight and energy performance, multi-objective optimization
series CAAD Futures
email elif@iyiofis.com, bilge@super-eight.com, can@iyiofis.com
last changed 2017/12/01 13:37

_id caadria2017_132
id caadria2017_132
authors Feist, Sofia, Ferreira, Bruno and Leit?o, António
year 2017
title Collaborative Algorithmic-based Building Information Modelling
source P. Janssen, P. Loh, A. Raonic, M. A. Schnabel (eds.), Protocols, Flows, and Glitches - Proceedings of the 22nd CAADRIA Conference, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China, 5-8 April 2017, pp. 613-622
summary Algorithmic-based Building Information Modelling (A-BIM) allows the development of BIM models through algorithms. In a collaborative environment, A-BIM requires management strategies to deal with concurrent development of architectural projects. However, despite there being several tools that support this type of collaborative work, they are not appropriate for A-BIM because: (1) they track changes in the generated model instead of the code where the changes originate from, and (2) they are vendor-specific while A-BIM models might be generated for different BIM applications. In this paper, we discuss the use of Version Control (VC) for project management and concurrent development of A-BIM projects. We evaluate VC for A-BIM through a series of scenarios in the context of a case study.
keywords Algorithmic Design; Programming; Algorithmic-based Building Information Modelling; Version Control; Collaborative Design
series CAADRIA
email sofia.feist@tecnico.ulisboa.pt
last changed 2017/05/09 08:05

_id ecaade2017_213
id ecaade2017_213
authors Fioravanti, Antonio, Novembri, Gabriele and Rossini, Francesco Livio
year 2017
title Improving Proactive Collaborative Design Through the Integration of BIM and Agent-Based Simulations
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 103-108
summary Traditional design paradigms take into account phases as the process were subdivided rigidly in boxes to which pertain specific building entities, actors and LODs. In reality the process of design, a building f.i., it is not so much organized in series, nor designers deal with just a specific LOD. The process is intertwined and actors mix various type entities with different accuracy. To manage these problems, we need a new paradigm and new tools able to take immediately into account satisfied/unsatisfied constraints, to trig on consequences of choices made as far as it is possible and to link fluently and bidirectionally a 2nd layer of building abstraction (BIM) with a 3rd one of knowledge abstraction. An on-the-fly link has been established between BIM and a swarm of agent-based simulations.
keywords Agent-Based Modelling and Simulation; Behavioural Simulation; BIM ; Agent-Based Building Modelling
series eCAADe
email francesco.rossini@uniroma1.it
last changed 2017/09/13 13:13

_id ecaade2017_008
id ecaade2017_008
authors Fukuda, Tomohiro, Inoue, Kazuya and Yabuki, Nobuyoshi
year 2017
title PhotoAR+DR2016 - Integrating Automatic Estimation of Green View Index and Augmented and Diminished Reality for Architectural Design Simulation
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 495-502
summary Urban vegetation has been used to tackle architectural and urban problems by reducing urban heat islands and improving the quality of urban landscapes and biodiversity. The green view index provides end users with a metric to intuitively understand the vegetation scenarios. This study integrates a green view index estimation method and augmented reality (AR) and diminished reality (DR) scenes of future architectural and urban design simulations. We developed the AR/DR system "PhotoAR+DR2016 (photogrammetry-based augmented and diminished reality)" that simultaneously measures the green view index and simulates building, urban, and planting designs with addition, demolition, and removal of the objects such as structures. The developed system enables real-time measurement of the green view index by appropriately reducing the image size and extracting the green area. Using the developed prototype system, the on-site verification can be conducted; in addition, the processing speed and the accuracy and inaccuracy rates can be measured, and the green view index can be sufficiently measured in real time.
keywords Green View Index; Landscape assessment; Design support system; Diminished Reality; Augmented Reality; Image analysis
series eCAADe
email fukuda@see.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp
last changed 2017/09/13 13:31

_id ecaade2018_243
id ecaade2018_243
authors Gardner, Nicole
year 2018
title Architecture-Human-Machine (re)configurations - Examining computational design in practice
source Kepczynska-Walczak, A, Bialkowski, S (eds.), Computing for a better tomorrow - Proceedings of the 36th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland, 19-21 September 2018, pp. 139-148
summary This paper outlines a research project that explores the participation in, and perception of, advanced technologies in architectural professional practice through a sociotechnical lens and presents empirical research findings from an online survey distributed to employees in five large-scale architectural practices in Sydney, Australia. This argues that while the computational design paradigm might be well accepted, understood, and documented in academic research contexts, the extent and ways that computational design thinking and methods are put-into-practice has to date been less explored. In engineering and construction, technology adoption studies since the mid 1990s have measured information technology (IT) use (Howard et al. 1998; Samuelson and Björk 2013). In architecture, research has also focused on quantifying IT use (Cichocka 2017), as well as the examination of specific practices such as building information modelling (BIM) (Cardoso Llach 2017; Herr and Fischer 2017; Son et al. 2015). With the notable exceptions of Daniel Cardoso Llach (2015; 2017) and Yanni Loukissas (2012), few scholars have explored advanced technologies in architectural practice from a sociotechnical perspective. This paper argues that a sociotechnical lens can net valuable insights into advanced technology engagement to inform pedagogical approaches in architectural education as well as strategies for continuing professional development.
keywords Computational design; Sociotechnical system; Technology adoption
series eCAADe
email n.gardner@unsw.edu.au
last changed 2018/07/24 10:23

_id sigradi2017_057
id sigradi2017_057
authors Gomes, Micke Rogério; Sérgio de Lima Saraiva Junior, Sérgio de Lima Saraiva Junior
year 2017
title Da Prototipagem ao DIY: Criação de mobiliário de baixo custo a partir de modelagem e fabricação digitais [From Prototyping to DIY: Creating low-cost furniture from digital modeling and manufacturing]
source SIGraDi 2017 [Proceedings of the 21th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-227-439-5] Chile, Concepción 22 - 24 November 2017, pp.393-397
summary This paper discusses the potential of digital fabrication for assisting people in building low cost furniture. It is analyzed what motivates people to join the “Do-it-Yourself” culture, and proposes the construction of a desk from reused materials, combined with joints and components that are digitally designed and become available online. Finally, the paper discusses the possibilities of digital fabrication to adapt to a context that is not inserted in the industrial environment and highlights the research potentials to increase the user autonomy.
series SIGraDi
email mickegomes7@gmail.com
last changed 2018/07/27 08:08

_id cf2017_431
id cf2017_431
authors Gonzalez, Paloma; Sass, Larry
year 2017
title Constructive Design: Rule Discovery for 3D Printing Decomposed Large Objects
source Gülen Çagdas, Mine Özkar, Leman F. Gül and Ethem Gürer (Eds.) Future Trajectories of Computation in Design [17th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2017, Proceedings / ISBN 978-975-561-482-3] Istanbul, Turkey, July 12-14, 2017, pp. 431-442.
summary This paper presents a rule discovery process for designers that work with physically large 3D printed models. After a period of discovery, rules were formalized, then developed into operations and programmable functions used in a generative design system. Past examples of generative systems are built based on visual constraints leading to graphical outcomes. With the emergence of 3D printing, we introduce ideas for rule building based on physical constraints and outcomes. The decomposition rules are: curved surface slicing, freestanding attribute, interval patterning, edge mating, and pneumatic attribute. The freestanding attribute, the most novel rule, is based on Chilean anti-earthquake building techniques. This rule provides the greatest degree of structural stability to a model. We conclude with a discussion of results from the case study used to generate the set constructive rules. We believe this method of module generation, 3D Printing and assembles can support design prototyping and model manufacturing across scales.
keywords Decomposition, Large Objects, 3D Printing.
series CAAD Futures
email palomagr@mit.edu, lsass@mit.edu
last changed 2017/12/01 13:38

_id cf2017_211
id cf2017_211
authors Güzelci, Orkan Zeynel
year 2017
title Investigating the role of Entropy in Design Evaluation Process: A Case Study on Municipality Buildings
source Gülen Çagdas, Mine Özkar, Leman F. Gül and Ethem Gürer (Eds.) Future Trajectories of Computation in Design [17th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2017, Proceedings / ISBN 978-975-561-482-3] Istanbul, Turkey, July 12-14, 2017, pp. 211-224.
summary The concept of entropy, which can be used to measure physical disorder, has been rediscovered by Shannon to measure the irregularity in information. Entropy measurements are made by considering one or more factors. Specific features such as color, shape, element type, height, material related with architectural compositions can be considered as factors and the amount of information carried by the building depending on one or more of these factors can be measured. In this study, it is questioned whether there is a relationship between entropy values of municipal building competition projects, which are measured in relation to the factors, and the building is considered successful by the competition jury. In order to conduct this examination, the entropy values of the projects, which respected to the same architectural program and won various awards in the project competitions were calculated. Before making comparisons, measurements were made according to solid-void ratios on the plan layout, the shapes of closed and discrete spaces, and the distribution of functions. A discussion was made on the usability of entropy method in the design phase, which gave solid and precise results according to the results of the comparisons.
keywords Entropy, Architectural Competition, Municipality Buildings
series CAAD Futures
email orkanguzelci@gmail.com
last changed 2017/12/01 13:38

_id ecaade2017_037
id ecaade2017_037
authors Hassan Khalil, Mohamed
year 2017
title Learning by Merging 3D Modeling for CAAD with the Interactive Applications - Bearing walls, Vaults, Domes as Case study
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 353-362
summary The development and the innovation of tools, techniques and digital applications represent a challenge for those who are in charge of architectural education to keep up with this development. This is because these techniques provide potentials that are not available in the traditional method of teaching. This raises an important question: can these tools and techniques help to achieve the targeted outcomes of education? This research paper discusses how to integrate both digital 3D models, of CAAD, and interactive applications for the development of architectural education curriculum. To test this, a case study has been conducted on the subject of building construction, for the second year at the faculty of engineering, specifically, the bearing walls construction system. In addition, this study has been divided into three parts. Through the first part, the scientific content of the curriculum, which tackles the bearing walls, has been prepared. The second part shows how to convert the scientific content into an interactive content in which the students learn through the experiment and the simulation of the traditional construction methods as the students a acquire construction skills and the ability to imagine different structural complexities. The third part includes the creation of both the application and the software containing the interactive curriculum. Workshop for the students has been held as a case study to test the effectiveness of this development and to recognize the pros and cons. The results confirmed the importance of integrating this applications into architectural education.
keywords CAAD; 3D modeling ; Building Construction; Interactive applications; Bearing walls systems
series eCAADe
email archmoh_3@yahoo.com
last changed 2017/09/13 13:21

_id cf2017_297
id cf2017_297
authors He, Yi; Schnabel, Marc Aurel; Chen, Rong; Wang, Ning
year 2017
title A Comprehensive Application of BIM Modelling for Semi-underground Public Architecture: A Study for Tiantian Square Complex, Wuhan, China
source Gülen Çagdas, Mine Özkar, Leman F. Gül and Ethem Gürer (Eds.) Future Trajectories of Computation in Design [17th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2017, Proceedings / ISBN 978-975-561-482-3] Istanbul, Turkey, July 12-14, 2017, pp. 297-308.
summary The paper presents research on how Building Information Modelling (BIM) can be applied comprehensively throughout the design of an architectural project. A practical method based on BIM models that help to deal with multidisciplinary issues by integrating the design information from different sources, collaborators and project stages is formulated by adopting existing available tools. The ‘Tiantian Square’ building project in Wuhan, China combines a subway station with a commercial hug. According to the project’s size and complexity, our study focuses on the multiple cooperation of professionals from different backgrounds, including the departments of architectural design, structure (civil engineering), HVAC (Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning), water supply and drainage, and electrics and sustainable design. Our paper presents how the BIM model bridges between various simulation platforms through our technical system and management, including steps of transformation, simplification, analysis, reaction and improvement. Our research has helped to improve the overall efficiency and quality of the project. We generated a successful analysis-design approach for the initial design stages, which does not require in-depth analysis. It is a practical method to immediately evaluate the performance for each design alternative and provide guidelines for design modification. Finally, we discuss how the coordination of different department becomes a crucial factor as we look forward to a more open, communicative and inter-relational design and development process.
keywords BIM, Subway Complex, Simulation, Semi-Underground Architecture
series CAAD Futures
email harry.he, marcaurel.schnabel}@vuw.ac.nz, rongche, ningwang}@cjwsjy.com.cn
last changed 2017/12/01 13:38

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