CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id acadia17_522
id acadia17_522
authors Sarafian, Joseph; Culver, Ronald; Lewis, Trevor S.
year 2017
title Robotic Formwork in the MARS Pavilion: Towards The Creation Of Programmable Matter
source ACADIA 2017: DISCIPLINES & DISRUPTION [Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-96506-1] Cambridge, MA 2-4 November, 2017), pp. 522- 533
summary The proliferation of parametric tools has allowed for the design of previously impossible geometry, but the construction industry has failed to keep pace. We demonstrate the use of industrial robots to disrupt the ancient process of casting concrete and create an adjustable formwork capable of generating various cast components based on digital input, crafting a new approach to “programmable matter.” The resulting research delineates a novel methodology to facilitate otherwise cost-prohibitive, even impossible design. The MARS Pavilion employs this methodology in a building-sized proof of concept where manipulating fabric with industrial robots achieves previously unattainable precision while casting numerous connective concrete components to form a demountable lattice structure. The pavilion is the result of parametric form finding, in which a catenary structure ensures that the loads are acting primarily in compression. Every concrete component is unique, yet can be assembled together with a 1/16-inch tolerance. Expanding Culver & Sarafian’s previous investigations, industrial robot arms are sent coordinates to position fabric sleeves into which concrete is poured, facilitating a rapid digital-to-physical casting process. With this fabrication method, parametric variation in design is cost-competitive relative to other iterative casting techniques. This digital breakthrough necessitated analogue material studies of rapid-setting, high-strength concrete and flexible, integral reinforcing systems. The uniquely shaped components are coupled with uniform connectors designed to attach three limbs of concrete, forming a highly stable, compressive hex-grid shell structure. A finite element analysis (FEA) was a critical step in the structural engineering process to simulate various load scenarios on the pavilion and drive the shape of the connective elements to their optimal form.
keywords material and construction; fabrication; form finding
series ACADIA
last changed 2017/10/17 09:13

_id ecaade2017_138
id ecaade2017_138
authors Nerla, Maria Giuditta, Erioli, Alessio and Garai, Massimo
year 2017
title Modulated corrugations by differential growth - Integrated FRP tectonics towards a new approach to sustainability, fusing architectural and energy design for a new students’ space
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 593-602
summary This Master Thesis research investigates the concept of 'integrated tectonics' as a new way of thinking sustainability in architecture, intended as an ecology of different, integrated factors which take part in a seamless design-to-fabrication process. In particular, this new paradigm is applied to the design of a pavilion made of a fiber-reinforced (FRP) sandwich shell integrating multiple systems and performances. A differential growth algorithm mimicking cellular tissue development modulates performance across the surface through ornamental features in the form of corrugated patterns. Iterative feedback simulations allow the exploration of the mutual relations connecting morphogenesis and performance distribution patterns at the architectural scale. Problems connected to simulation inaccuracies and difficult software integration are discussed. A 1:2 scale prototype of a shell portion was fabricated to test material properties and production feasibility.
keywords Fiber-reinforced polymers (FRP); integrated tectonics; differential growth; composite materials; ecology; sustainability
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/09/13 13:27

_id acadia17_248
id acadia17_248
authors Felbrich, Benjamin; Fru?h, Nikolas; Prado, Marshall; Saffarian, Saman; Solly, James; Vasey, Lauren; Knippers, Jan; Menges, Achim
year 2017
title Multi-Machine Fabrication: An Integrative Design Process Utilising an Autonomous UAV and Industrial Robots for the Fabrication of Long-Span Composite Structures
source ACADIA 2017: DISCIPLINES & DISRUPTION [Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-96506-1] Cambridge, MA 2-4 November, 2017), pp. 248-259
summary Fiber composite materials have tremendous potential in architectural applications due to their high strength-to-weight ratio and their ability to be formed into complex shapes. Novel fabrication processes can be based on the unique affordances and characteristics of fiber composites. Because these materials are lightweight and have high tensile strength, a radically different approach to fabrication becomes possible, which combines low-payload yet long-range machines—such as unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV)—with strong, precise, yet limited-reach industrial robots. This collaborative concept enables a scalable fabrication setup for long-span fiber composite construction. This paper describes the integrated design process and design development of a large-scale cantilevering demonstrator, in which the fabrication setup, robotic constraints, material behavior, and structural performance were integrated in an iterative design process.
keywords material and construction; fabrication; construction; robotics
series ACADIA
last changed 2017/10/17 09:12

_id ecaade2017_210
id ecaade2017_210
authors Jimenez Garcia, Manuel, Soler, Vicente and Retsin, Gilles
year 2017
title Robotic Spatial Printing
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 143-150
summary There has been significant research into large-scale 3D printing processes with industrial robots. These were initially used to extrude in a layered manner. In recent years, research has aimed to make use of six degrees of freedom instead of three. These so called "spatial extrusion" methods are based on a toolhead, mounted on a robot arm, that extrudes a material along a non horizontal spatial vector. This method is more time efficient but up to now has suffered from a number of limiting geometrical and structural constraints. This limited the formal possibilities to highly repetitive truss-like patterns. This paper presents a generalised approach to spatial extrusion based on the notion of discreteness. It explores how discrete computational design methods offer increased control over the organisation of toolpaths, without compromising design intent while maintaining structural integrity. The research argues that, compared to continuous methods, discrete methods are easier to prototype, compute and manufacture. A discrete approach to spatial printing uses a single toolpath fragment as basic unit for computation. This paper will describe a method based on a voxel space. The voxel contains geometrical information, toolpath fragments, that is subsequently assembled into a continuous, kilometers long path. The path can be designed in response to different criteria, such as structural performance, material behaviour or aesthetics. This approach is similar to the design of meta-materials - synthetic composite materials with a programmed performance that is not found in natural materials. Formal differentiation and structural performance is achieved, not through continuous variation, but through the recombination of discrete toolpath fragments. Combining voxel-based modelling with notions of meta-materials and discrete design opens this domain to large-scale 3D printing. Please write your abstract here by clicking this paragraph.
keywords discrete; architecture; robotic fabrication; large scale printing; software; plastic extrusion
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/09/13 13:30

_id acadia17_382
id acadia17_382
authors Melenbrink, Nathan; Kassabian, Paul; Menges, Achim; Werfel, Justin
year 2017
title Towards Force-aware Robot Collectives for On-site Construction
source ACADIA 2017: DISCIPLINES & DISRUPTION [Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-96506-1] Cambridge, MA 2-4 November, 2017), pp. 382- 391
summary Due to the irregular and variable environments in which most construction projects take place, the topic of on-site automation has previously been largely neglected in favor of off-site prefabrication. While prefabrication has certain obvious economic and schedule benefits, a number of potential applications would benefit from a fully autonomous robotic construction system capable of building without human supervision or intervention; for example, building in remote environments, or building structures whose form changes over time. Previous work using a swarm approach to robotic assembly generally neglected to consider forces acting on the structure, which is necessary to guarantee against failure during construction. In this paper we report on key findings for how distributed climbing robots can use local force measurements to assess aspects of global structural state. We then chart out a broader trajectory for the affordances of distributed on-site construction in the built environment and position our contributions within this research agenda. The principles explored in simulation are demonstrated in hardware, including solutions for force-sensing as well as a climbing robot.
keywords material and construction; physics; construction/robotics; simulation & optimization
series ACADIA
last changed 2017/10/17 09:12

_id ecaade2017_124
id ecaade2017_124
authors Pantazis, Evangelos and Gerber, David
year 2017
title Emergent order through swarm fluctuations - A framework for exploring self-organizing structures using swarm robotics
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 75-84
summary In modern architecture, construction processes are based on top down planning, yet in nature but also in vernacular architecture, the shape of shelters/nests is the result of evolutionary material processes which takes place without any global coordination or plan. This work presents a framework for exploring how self-organizing structures can be achieved in a bottom up fashion by implementing a swarm of simple robots(bristle bots). The robots are used as a hardware platform and operate in a modular 2D arena filled with differently shaped passive building blocks. The robots push around blocks and their behaviour can be programmed mechanically by changing the geometry of their body. Through physical experimentation and video analysis the relationships between the properties of the emergent patterns (size, temporal stability) and the geometry of the robot/parts are studied. This work couples a set of agent based design tools with a robust robotic system and a set of analysis tools for generating and actualising emergent 2D structures.
keywords Multi Agent Systems; Generative Design; Swarm Robotics; Self-organizing patterns
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/09/13 13:12

_id ecaade2017_220
id ecaade2017_220
authors Quartara, Andrea and Figliola, Angelo
year 2017
title Tangible Computing - Manufacturing of Intertwined Logics
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 115-122
summary This paper explores the process of digital materialization through robotic fabrication techniques by presenting three wooden projects. The analysis of the case studies is oriented to underline the impact that computation had on architectural construction due to its methodological and instrumental innovations over the last decades. The absorption of computing and digital fabrication logics within the discipline is explored from either an architectural point of view and from the improvements related to automation of the constructive process. On the one hand the case studies are caught because of the desire to expand material complexity and, on the other hand because of the integration with other technological systems. The narrative allows gathering pros and cons in three different investigative macro areas: material culture, methodological oversights, and operative setbacks coming from digital machine and communicational constraints. This analytical investigation helps the definition of a new pathway for future researches, looking forward the assimilation of digital materiality learning in building construction.
keywords computational design; file-to-factory; large-scale robotic woodworking; new production methods
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/09/13 13:30

_id acadia17_502
id acadia17_502
authors Rosenwasser, David; Mantell, Sonya; Sabin, Jenny
year 2017
title Clay Non-Wovens: Robotic Fabrication and Digital Ceramics
source ACADIA 2017: DISCIPLINES & DISRUPTION [Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-96506-1] Cambridge, MA 2-4 November, 2017), pp. 502- 511
summary Clay Non-Wovens develops a new approach for robotic fabrication, applying traditional craft methods and materials to a fundamentally technical and precise fabrication methodology. This paper includes new explorations in robotic fabrication, additive manufacturing, complex patterning, and techniques bound in the arts and crafts. Clay Non-Wovens seeks to develop a system of porous cladding panels that negotiate circumstances of natural daylighting through parameters dealing with textile (woven and non-woven) patterning and line typologies. While additive manufacturing has been built predominantly on the basis of extrusion, technological developments in the field of 3D printing seldom acknowledge the bead or line of such extrusions as more than a nuisance. Blurring of recognizable layers is often seen as progress, but it does away with visible traces of a fabrication process. Historically, however, construction methods in architecture and the building industry have celebrated traces of making ranging from stone cutting to log construction. With growing interest in digital craft within the fields of architecture and design, we seek to reconcile our relationship with the extruded bead and reinterpret it as a fiber and three-dimensional drawing tool. The traditional clay coil is to be reconsidered as a structural fiber rather than a tool for solid construction. Building upon this body of robotically fabricated clay structures required the development of three distinct but connected techniques: 1. construction of a simple end effector for extrusion; 2. development of a clay body and; 3. using computational design tools to develop formwork and toolpath geometries.
keywords design methods; information processing; fabrication; digital craft; manual craft; prototyping
series ACADIA
last changed 2017/10/17 09:13

_id acadia17_660
id acadia17_660
authors Zivkovic, Sasa; Battaglia, Christopher
year 2017
title Open Source Factory: Democratizing Large-Scale Fabrication Systems
source ACADIA 2017: DISCIPLINES & DISRUPTION [Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-96506-1] Cambridge, MA 2-4 November, 2017), pp. 660- 669
summary Open source frameworks have enabled widespread access to desktop-scale additive manufacturing technology and software, but very few highly hackable large-scale or industrial open source equipment platforms exist. As research trajectories continue to move towards large-scale experimentation and full-scale building construction in robotic and digital fabrication, access to industrial fabrication equipment is critical. Large-scale digital fabrication equipment usually requires extensive start-up investments which becomes a prohibitive factor for open research. Expanding on the idea of the Fab Lab as well as the RepRap movement, the Open Source Factory takes advantage of disciplinary expertise and trans-disciplinary knowledge in construction machine design accumulated over the past decade. With the goal to democratize access to large-scale industrial fabrication equipment, this paper outlines the creation of two full-scale fabrication systems: a RepRap based large-scale 3-axis open source CNC gantry and a 6-axis industrial robot system based on a decommissioned KUKA KR200/2. Both machines offer radically different economic frameworks for implementing research in advanced full scale robotic fabrication into contexts of pedagogy, the research lab, practice, or small scale local building industry. This research demonstrates that such equipment can be implemented by building on the current knowledge base in the field. If industrial robots and other large-scale fabrication tools become accessible for all, the collective sharing of research and the development of new ideas in full-scale robotic building construction can be substantially accelerated.
keywords education, society & culture; CAM; prototyping; construction/robotics; education; digital heritage
series ACADIA
last changed 2017/10/17 09:13

_id acadia17_146
id acadia17_146
authors Black, Conor; Forwood, Ed
year 2017
title Game Engine Computation for Serious Engineering: Visualisation and Analysis of Building Facade Movements as a Consequence of Loads on the Primary Structure
source ACADIA 2017: DISCIPLINES & DISRUPTION [Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-96506-1] Cambridge, MA 2-4 November, 2017), pp. 146-153
summary This paper demonstrates the innovative use of game engines as a tool in the analysis and communication of complex structural engineering. It specifically looks at the relationship between a building’s primary structure and its façade. The analysis and visualisations, scripted using the Game Engine Unity3D, focuses on visualising the implications of movements from the primary structure [under various load cases] on the façade. This paper describes the novel process by which Unity3D is utilised to create an applet which imports displacements from structural software and post-processes the data to visualise the complex effect on façade panels according to its support conditions. It demonstrates that visualising facade movements in real-time, as opposed to current, static report-based descriptions, provide access for the comprehension of more complex building systems. This therefore has the possibility to reduce safety factors applied to facade movement joints.
keywords design methods; information processing; game engines; fabrication; simulation & optimization
series ACADIA
last changed 2017/10/17 09:12

_id ecaade2017_044
id ecaade2017_044
authors Fernando, Shayani, Reinhardt, Dagmar and Weir, Simon
year 2017
title Simulating Self Supporting Structures - A Comparison study of Interlocking Wave Jointed Geometry using Finite Element and Physical Modelling Methods
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 177-184
summary Self-supporting modular block systems of stone or masonry architecture are amongst ancient building techniques that survived unchanged for centuries. The control over geometry and structural performance of arches, domes and vaults continues to be exemplary and structural integrity is analysed through analogue and virtual simulation methods. With the advancement of computational tools and software development, finite and discrete element modeling have become efficient practices for analysing aspects for economy, tolerances and safety of stone masonry structures. This paper compares methods of structural simulation and analysis of an arch based on an interlocking wave joint assembly. As an extension of standard planar brick or stone modules, two specific geometry variations of catenary and sinusoidal curvature are investigated and simulated in a comparison of physical compression tests and finite element analysis methods. This is in order to test the stress performance and resilience provided by three-dimensional joints respectively through their capacity to resist vertical compression, as well as torsion and shear forces. The research reports on the threshold for maximum sinusoidal curvature evidenced by structural failure in physical modelling methods and finite element analysis.
keywords Mortar-less; Interlocking; Structures; Finite Element Modelling; Models
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/09/13 13:31

_id cf2017_431
id cf2017_431
authors Gonzalez, Paloma; Sass, Larry
year 2017
title Constructive Design: Rule Discovery for 3D Printing Decomposed Large Objects
source Gülen Çagdas, Mine Özkar, Leman F. Gül and Ethem Gürer (Eds.) Future Trajectories of Computation in Design [17th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2017, Proceedings / ISBN 978-975-561-482-3] Istanbul, Turkey, July 12-14, 2017, pp. 431-442.
summary This paper presents a rule discovery process for designers that work with physically large 3D printed models. After a period of discovery, rules were formalized, then developed into operations and programmable functions used in a generative design system. Past examples of generative systems are built based on visual constraints leading to graphical outcomes. With the emergence of 3D printing, we introduce ideas for rule building based on physical constraints and outcomes. The decomposition rules are: curved surface slicing, freestanding attribute, interval patterning, edge mating, and pneumatic attribute. The freestanding attribute, the most novel rule, is based on Chilean anti-earthquake building techniques. This rule provides the greatest degree of structural stability to a model. We conclude with a discussion of results from the case study used to generate the set constructive rules. We believe this method of module generation, 3D Printing and assembles can support design prototyping and model manufacturing across scales.
keywords Decomposition, Large Objects, 3D Printing.
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2017/12/01 13:38

_id sigradi2017_043
id sigradi2017_043
authors Griz, Cristiana; Natália Queiroz, Carlos Nome
year 2017
title Edificação Modular: Estudo de caso e protótipo de um sistema construtivo de código aberto utilizando prototipagem rápida [Modular Building: Case study and prototype of an open source modular system using rapid prototyping]
source SIGraDi 2017 [Proceedings of the 21th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-227-439-5] Chile, Concepción 22 - 24 November 2017, pp.293-300
summary This paper presents the research development for a base structural module for the Casa Nordeste project. Casa Nordeste is a compact housing experiment that will participate in the Solar Decathlon Latin America competition. It consists of a modular building that houses living, cooking, and sanitizing space. Developments presented are based on digital design and fabrication principles and processes, through algorithms that allow its customization. In this sense, discussions begin with a brief theoretical discussion about the concepts that underline the project: evolutionary housing; digital technologies that improve design and construction; open source construction and generative design systems. The paper finalizes by presenting and discussing developments of three different design aspects of the structural module: (a) geometry of the frames, (b) its modulation, and (c) fittings and joining mechanisms.
keywords Digital fabrication; Rapid prototyping; Visual programming; Compact housing.
series SIGraDi
last changed 2018/07/27 08:08

_id ecaade2017_037
id ecaade2017_037
authors Hassan Khalil, Mohamed
year 2017
title Learning by Merging 3D Modeling for CAAD with the Interactive Applications - Bearing walls, Vaults, Domes as Case study
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 353-362
summary The development and the innovation of tools, techniques and digital applications represent a challenge for those who are in charge of architectural education to keep up with this development. This is because these techniques provide potentials that are not available in the traditional method of teaching. This raises an important question: can these tools and techniques help to achieve the targeted outcomes of education? This research paper discusses how to integrate both digital 3D models, of CAAD, and interactive applications for the development of architectural education curriculum. To test this, a case study has been conducted on the subject of building construction, for the second year at the faculty of engineering, specifically, the bearing walls construction system. In addition, this study has been divided into three parts. Through the first part, the scientific content of the curriculum, which tackles the bearing walls, has been prepared. The second part shows how to convert the scientific content into an interactive content in which the students learn through the experiment and the simulation of the traditional construction methods as the students a acquire construction skills and the ability to imagine different structural complexities. The third part includes the creation of both the application and the software containing the interactive curriculum. Workshop for the students has been held as a case study to test the effectiveness of this development and to recognize the pros and cons. The results confirmed the importance of integrating this applications into architectural education.
keywords CAAD; 3D modeling ; Building Construction; Interactive applications; Bearing walls systems
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/09/13 13:21

_id ijac201715201
id ijac201715201
authors Weizmann, Michael; Oded Amir and Yasha Jacob Grobman
year 2017
title Topological interlocking in architecture: A new design method and computational tool for designing building floors
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 15 - no. 2, 107-118
summary This article presents a framework for the design process of structural systems based on the notion of topological interlocking. A new design method and a computational tool for generating valid architectural topological interlocking geometries are discussed. In the heart of the method are an algorithm for automatically generating valid two-dimensional patterns and a set of procedures for creating several types of volumetric blocks based on the two-dimensional patterns. Additionally, the computational tool can convert custom sets of closed planar curves into structural elements based on the topological interlocking principle. The method is examined in a case study of a building floor. The article concludes with discussions on the potential advantages of using the method for architectural design, as well as on challenging aspects of further development of this method toward implementation in practice.
keywords Parametric design, topological interlocking, form generation, structural floor system
series other
type normal paper
last changed 2019/08/02 06:29

_id acadia17_562
id acadia17_562
authors Soler, Vicente; Retsin, Gilles; Jimenez Garcia, Manuel
year 2017
title A Generalized Approach to Non-Layered Fused Filament Fabrication
source ACADIA 2017: DISCIPLINES & DISRUPTION [Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-96506-1] Cambridge, MA 2-4 November, 2017), pp. 562- 571
summary This research attempts to generalize an approach for large-scale, non-layered spatial extrusion. The methodology consists of splitting a volume, representing any arbitrary geometry, into discrete fragments with a finite number of possible arrangements. These fragments are combined in response to a series of design criteria. A novel application of graph theory algorithms is used to generate a continuous and non-overlapping path through the discrete segments. Physical and mechanical issues related to extrusion technology are explored. The computational model takes into consideration the grade and limitations of different kinds of equipment and material properties to counteract fabrication errors with the goal of speeding up the process and eliminating any need for human intervention. This approach is implemented as a cross-platform software product and programming library that can generate robot programs compatible with multiple industrial robot manufacturers. A physical prototype was fabricated using the seminal Panton Chair as a test model. We conclude that the computational approach is sound and most of the issues encountered were due to the equipment used. This will be addressed in future work.
keywords design methods; information processing; simulation & optimization; construction/robotics
series ACADIA
last changed 2017/10/17 09:13

_id ecaade2017_184
id ecaade2017_184
authors Almeida, Daniel and Sousa, José Pedro
year 2017
title Tradition and Innovation in Digital Architecture - Reviewing the Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2005
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 267-276
summary Please write your aToday, in a moment when digital technologies are taking command of many architectural design and construction processes, it is important to examine the place and role of traditional ones. Designed by Álvaro Siza and Eduardo Souto de Moura in collaboration with Cecil Balmond, the Serpentine Gallery Pavilion 2005 reflects the potential of combining those two different approaches in the production of innovative buildings. For inquiring this argument, this paper investigates the development of this project from its conception to construction with a double goal: to uncover the relationship between analogical and digital processes, and to understand the architects' role in a geographically distributed workflow, which involved the use of computational design and robotic fabrication technologies. To support this examination, the authors designed and fabricated a 1:3 scale prototype of part of the Pavilion, which also served to check and reflect on the technological evolution since then, which is setting different conditions for design development and collaboration.bstract here by clicking this paragraph.
keywords Serpentine Gallery Pavilion; Computational Design; Digital Fabrication; Wooden Construction; Architectural Representation;
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/09/13 13:13

_id caadria2019_657
id caadria2019_657
authors Chen, Zhewen, Zhang, Liming and Yuan, Philip F.
year 2019
title Innovative Design Approach to Optimized Performance on Large-Scale Robotic 3D-Printed Spatial Structure
source M. Haeusler, M. A. Schnabel, T. Fukuda (eds.), Intelligent & Informed - Proceedings of the 24th CAADRIA Conference - Volume 2, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand, 15-18 April 2019, pp. 451-460
summary This paper presents an innovative approach on designing large-scale spatial structure with automated robotic 3D-printing. The incipient design approach mainly focused on optimizing structural efficiency at an early design stage by transform the object into a discrete system, and the elements in this system contains unique structural parameters that corresponding to its topology results of stiffness distribution. Back in 2017, the design team already implemented this concept into an experimental project of Cloud Pavilion in Shanghai, China, and the 3D-printed spatial structure was partitioned into five zones represent different level of structure stiffness and filled with five kinds of unit toolpath accordingly. Through further research, an upgrade version, the project of Cloud Pavilion 2.0 is underway and will be completed in January 2019. A detailed description on innovative printing toolpath design in this project is conducted in this paper and explains how the toolpath shape effects its overall structural stiffness. This paper contributes knowledge on integrated design in the field of robotic 3D-printing and provides an alternative approach on robotic toolpath design combines with the optimized topological results.
keywords 3D-Printing; Robotic Fabrication; Structural Optimization; Discrete System; Toolpath Design
series CAADRIA
last changed 2019/04/16 08:26

_id caadria2017_031
id caadria2017_031
authors Crolla, Kristof, Williams, Nicholas, Muehlbauer, Manuel and Burry, Jane
year 2017
title SmartNodes Pavilion - Towards Custom-optimized Nodes Applications in Construction
source P. Janssen, P. Loh, A. Raonic, M. A. Schnabel (eds.), Protocols, Flows, and Glitches - Proceedings of the 22nd CAADRIA Conference, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China, 5-8 April 2017, pp. 467-476
summary Recent developments in Additive Manufacturing are creating possibilities to make not only rapid prototypes, but directly manufactured customised components. This paper investigates the potential for combining standard building materials with customised nodes that are individually optimised in response to local load conditions in non-standard, irregular, or doubly curved frame structures. This research iteration uses as a vehicle for investigation the SmartNodes Pavilion, a temporary structure with 3D printed nodes built for the 2015 Bi-City Biennale of Urbanism/Architecture in Hong Kong. The pavilion is the most recent staged output of the SmartNodes Project. It builds on the findings in earlier iterations by introducing topologically constrained node forms that marry the principals of the evolved optimised node shape with topological constraints imposed to meet the printing challenges. The 4m high canopy scale prototype structure in this early design research iteration represents the node forms using plastic Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM).
keywords Digital Fabrication; Additive Manufacturing; File to Factory; Design Optimisation; 3D printing for construction
series CAADRIA
last changed 2017/05/09 08:05

_id acadia17_544
id acadia17_544
authors Schleicher, Simon; La Magna, Riccardo; Zabel, Joshua
year 2017
title Bending-active Sandwich Shells: Studio One Research Pavilion 2017
source ACADIA 2017: DISCIPLINES & DISRUPTION [Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-96506-1] Cambridge, MA 2-4 November, 2017), pp. 544- 551
summary The goal of this paper is to advance the research on bending-active structures by investigating the system’s inherent structural characteristics and introducing an alternative approach to their design and fabrication. With this project, the authors propose the use of sandwich-structured composites to improve the load-bearing behavior of bending-active shells. By combining digital form-finding and form-conversion processes, it becomes possible to discretize a double-curved shell geometry into an assembly of single-curved sandwich strips. Due to the clever use of bending in the construction process, these strips can be made out of inexpensive and flat sheet materials. The assembly itself takes advantage of two fundamentally different structural states. When handled individually, the thin panels are characterized by their high flexibility, yet when cross-connected to a sandwich, they gain bending stiffness and increase the structure’s rigidity. To explain the possible impacts of this approach, the paper will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of bending-active structures in general and outline the potential of sandwich shells in particular. Furthermore, the authors will address the fundamental question of how to build a load-bearing system from flexible parts by using the practical example of the Studio One Research Pavilion. To illustrate this project in more detail, the authors will present the digital design process involved as well as demonstrate the technical feasibility of this approach through a built prototype in full scale. Finally, the authors will conclude with a critical discussion of the design approach proposed here and point out interesting topics for future research.
keywords material and construction
series ACADIA
last changed 2017/10/17 09:13

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