CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 11 of 11

_id ecaade2017_244
id ecaade2017_244
authors Chaltiel, Stephanie, Bravo, Maite and Chronis, Angelos
year 2017
title Digital fabrication with Virtual and Augmented Reality for Monolithic Shells
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 211-218
summary The digital fabrication of monolithic shell structures is presenting some challenges related to the interface between computational design and fabrication techniques, such as the methods chosen for the suitable parametrization of the geometry based on materiality characteristics and construction constrains, the digital optimization criteria of variables, and the translation of the relevant code used for digital fabrication. Specifically, the translation from the digital to the physical when a definite materiality appears during the digital fabrication process proves to be a crucial step, which is typically approached as a linear and predetermined sequence. This often-difficult step offers the potential of embedding a certain level of interactivity between the fabricator and the materialized model during the fabrication process in order to allow for real time adjustments or corrections. This paper features monolithic shell construction processes that promote a simple interface of live interaction between the fabricator and the tool control during the digital fabrication process. The implementation of novel digital and physical methods will be explored, offering the possibility of being combined with automated fabrication actions controlled by real time inputs with virtual reality [VR] influenced by 3d scanning and 3d CAD programs, and the possibility of incorporating augmented reality [AR].
keywords virtual reality; augmented reality; monolithic shells
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/09/13 13:30

_id acadia12_325
id acadia12_325
authors Chronis, Angelos ; Tsigkari, Martha ; Davis, Adam ; Aish, Francis
year 2012
title Design Systems, Ecology, and Time Angelos Chronis, Martha Tsigkari, Adam Davis, Francis Aish"
source ACADIA 12: Synthetic Digital Ecologies [Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-62407-267-3] San Francisco 18-21 October, 2012), pp. 325-332
summary Discussion of architecture in ecological terms usually focuses on the spatial and material dimensions of design practice. Yet there is an equally critical temporal dimension in ecology that is just as relevant to design. At the micro scale is the question of 'real time' feedback from our design systems. At the macro scale is the issue of sustainability, in other words long term -- and potentially disastrous -- feedback from terrestrial ecosystems. In between are numerous different units for quantizing time in design and computation. In this paper, we examine some of these units -- 'real time', 'design time', 'development time' -- to suggest how they interact with the ecology of design technology and practice. We contextualize this discussion by reference to relevant literature from the field of ecology and to our work applying custom design and analysis tools on architectural projects within a large interdisciplinary design practice.
keywords real time feedback , performance driven design , integration
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2013/01/09 10:06

_id ecaade2017_097
id ecaade2017_097
authors Chronis, Angelos, Dubor, Alexandre, Cabay, Edouard and Roudsari, Mostapha Sadeghipour
year 2017
title Integration of CFD in Computational Design - An evaluation of the current state of the art
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 601-610
summary The integration of building performance feedback in the design process is increasingly considered as a key aspect of the decision support framework that drives current high performance architecture, from early conception to fabrication. Although on other aspects of building performance there has been significant recent development on BPS integration in computational design, the integration of CFD is still largely unexplored, despite its significance in numerous design problems. This paper reviews the current state of advancement of integrated CFD simulation tools in computational design frameworks by evaluating three different integration approaches, each representing a different level of integration of CFD solvers within the commonly used computational design frameworks today. The objective of the study is neither to provide an extensive evaluation of all available CFD frameworks nor to assess the specific performance of the problem at hand, but rather to evaluate the potential and limitations of each integration approach from the perspective of the computational design user.
keywords Computational Fluid Dynamics; Simulation; Integration; Computational Design
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/09/13 13:27

_id ecaade2010_140
id ecaade2010_140
authors Chronis, Angelos; Liapi, Katherine A.
year 2010
title Parametric Approach to the Bioclimatic Design of a Student Housing Building in Patras, Greece
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.313-319
summary A new housing complex on the Campus of the University of Patras, Greece, is expected to serve as a test-bed for experimentation with a parametric design process that integrates significant climatic data. To optimize the environmental performance of the proposed housing complex a parametric design algorithm has been developed. The algorithm links the weather data in the area with the site topography and the basic geometric features of the buildings on the site. To explore the interaction of the building features with the prevailing winds in the area and the solar exposure throughout the year various software applications, including computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations, have been utilized. The inclusion of wind data in the algorithm renders it particularly effective. The developed parametric process has been useful during the early design phase when studies on various patterns for arranging the buildings on the site were conducted. The parametric process has facilitated the configuration of the typical building block as well.
wos WOS:000340629400033
keywords Bioclimatic design; Parametric design; Design algorithms; Sun control; Wind analysis; CFD in building design
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2011_122
id ecaade2011_122
authors Chronis, Angelos; Jagannath, Prarthana; Siskou, Vasiliki Aikaterini; Jones, Jonathan
year 2011
title Sensing digital co-presence and digital identity: Visualizing the Bluetooth landscape of the City of Bath
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.87-92
summary The impact of ubiquitous digital technologies on the analysis and synthesis of our urban environment is undoubtedly great. The urban topography is overlaid by an invisible, yet very tangible digital topography that is increasingly affecting our urban life. As W. J. Mitchell (Mitchell 2005) pointed out, the digital revolution has filled our world with “electronic instruments of displacement” that “embed the virtual in the physical, and weave it seamlessly into daily urban life”. The mobile phone, the most integrated mobile device is closely related to the notion of a digital identity, our personal identity on this digital space. The Bluetooth is the mainly used direct communication protocol between mobile phones today and in this scope, each device has its own unique ID, its “MAC address”. This paper investigates the potential use of recording and analysing Bluetooth enabled devices in the urban scale in understanding the interrelation between the physical and the digital topographies.
wos WOS:000335665500009
keywords Pervasive systems; digital presence; urban encounter; digital identity
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2018_344
id ecaade2018_344
authors El-Gewely, Noor, Wong, Christopher, Tayefi, Lili, Markopoulou, Areti, Chronis, Angelos and Dubor, Alexandre
year 2018
title Programming Material Intelligence Using Food Waste Deposition to Trigger Automatic Three-Dimensional Formation Response in Bioplastics
source Kepczynska-Walczak, A, Bialkowski, S (eds.), Computing for a better tomorrow - Proceedings of the 36th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland, 19-21 September 2018, pp. 271-278
summary Bioplastics are by their very nature parametric materials, programmable through the selection of constituent components and the ratios in which they appear, and as such present significant potential as architectural building materials for reasons beyond sustainability and biodegradability. This paper presents a system through which rigid three-dimensional doubly curved hyperbolic paraboloid shapes are automatically formed from two-dimensional sheet casts by harnessing the inherent flexibility and expressiveness of bioplastics. The system uses a gelatin-based bioplastic supplemented with granular organic matter from food waste in conjunction with a split-frame casting system that enables the self-formation of three-dimensional geometries by directing the force of the bioplastic's uniform contraction as it dries. By adjusting the food waste added to the bioplastic, its properties can be tuned according to formal and performative needs; here, dehydrated granulated orange peel and dehydrated spent espresso-ground coffee are used both to impart their inherent characteristics and also to influence the degree of curvature of the resulting bioplastic surfaces. Multi-material casts incorporating both orange peel bioplastic and coffee grounds bioplastic are shown to exert a greater influence over the degree of curvature than either bioplastic alone, and skeletonized panels are shown to exhibit the same behavior as their solid counterparts. Potential developments of the technology so as to gain greater control of the curvature performance, particularly in the direction of computer-controlled additive manufacturing, are considered, as is the potential of application in architectural scale.
keywords Bioplastics; Composites; Fabrication; Materials
series eCAADe
last changed 2018/07/24 10:24

_id ecaade2017_211
id ecaade2017_211
authors Farinea, Chiara, Markopoulou, Areti, Sollazzo, Aldo, Chronis, Angelos and Marengo, Mathilde
year 2017
title Merging the Physical and Digital Layer of Public Space - The PobleJoc Installation Case Study
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 725-730
summary Traditional approaches in public space design tend to bring order and control hindering the creation of expressive spaces that can host and stimulate social dynamics in the neighborhood.The aim of this project is to develop points of disorder, providing opportunities for imagination and spontaneity, by testing the potential of overlapping the digital and physical urban layers.The PobleJoc installation aims to activate the public space enhancing citizens participation and creativity.
keywords augmented reality; urban design; participatory design
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/09/13 13:30

_id cf2017_180
id cf2017_180
authors Jun, Ji Won; Silverio, Matteo; Llubia, Josep Alcover; Markopoulou, Areti; Chronis; Angelos; Dubor, Alexandre
year 2017
title Remembrane: A Shape Changing Adaptive Structure
source Gülen Çagdas, Mine Özkar, Leman F. Gül and Ethem Gürer (Eds.) Future Trajectories of Computation in Design [17th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2017, Proceedings / ISBN 978-975-561-482-3] Istanbul, Turkey, July 12-14, 2017, pp. 180-198.
summary This paper presents a research on adaptive kinetic structures using shape memory alloys as actuators. The target of the research is designing and building an efficient kinetic structural system that could be potentially applied at an architectural scale. The project is based on the study of tensegrity and pantograph structures as a starting point to develop multiple digital and physical models of different structural systems that can be controllably moved. The result of this design process is a performative prototype that is controllable through a web-based interface. The main contribution of this project is not any of the presented parts by themselves but the integration of all of them in the creation of a new adaptive system that allows us to envision a novel way of designing, building and experiencing architecture in a dynamic and efficient way.
keywords Responsive Structures, Kinetic Structures, Adaptive Systems, User Interaction, Structural Optimization
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2017/12/01 13:38

_id ecaade2018_342
id ecaade2018_342
authors Kormaníková, Lenka, Chronis, Angelos, Kme, Stanislav and Katunskı, Dušan
year 2018
title Wind-formed Architectural Shapes
source Kepczynska-Walczak, A, Bialkowski, S (eds.), Computing for a better tomorrow - Proceedings of the 36th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland, 19-21 September 2018, pp. 377-384
summary The paper investigates the design loop of parametrically creating an architectural shape based on the analysis of the specific wind situation of the design site, continuously testing the design's performance in the wind using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations and subsequently adjusting the formed architectural shape based on the wind simulations' results. An optimal shape for the determined behavior in the wind is sought in this iterative process. The design strategy is being developed as an attempt to create a sustainable and effective alternative design approach for the changing future environment. The complexity of the process, particularly the need of the repetitive wind tunnel adjustment for every new design situation, or the need of external post-processing software for displaying the wind results of every new architectural shape remains a disadvantage in the search for an optimal architectural solution.
keywords environment; parametric architecture; CFD; performance; wind analysis
series eCAADe
last changed 2018/07/24 10:24

_id cf2017_199
id cf2017_199
authors Mokhtar, Sarah; Leung, Christopher; Chronis, Angelos
year 2017
title Neighbourhood Shading Impacts on Passive Adaptive Façade Collective Behaviour
source Gülen Çagdas, Mine Özkar, Leman F. Gül and Ethem Gürer (Eds.) Future Trajectories of Computation in Design [17th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2017, Proceedings / ISBN 978-975-561-482-3] Istanbul, Turkey, July 12-14, 2017, pp. 199-210.
summary The past decade witnessed a shift in adaptive facades from energyintensive complex systems to material-based actuated facades. The latter, however, were only developed with limited control in shape memory alloy applications, and more generally designed as independent components. The perception of the component within a system as a self-regulating entity was shown to widen the behavioural response and intelligence of an adaptive system in several projects. On the other hand, its range of impact and integration as a design factor were not targeted at full breadth in the literature. The study’s objective was to investigate the incorporation of neighbourhood shading behaviour of a shape memory alloy-actuated façade component on the entire system. Based on a designed adaptive component, the research identifies the shading impact on the actuators’ incident solar radiation as well as its hourly and seasonal range, and thus encourages a better prediction of collective behaviour.
keywords Solar Morphing Envelopes, Neighbourhood Shading, Collective Behaviour, Adaptive Facades.
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2017/12/01 13:38

_id acadia16_470
id acadia16_470
authors Sollazzo, Aldo; Baseta, Efilena; Chronis, Angelos
year 2016
title Symbiotic Associations
source ACADIA // 2016: POSTHUMAN FRONTIERS: Data, Designers, and Cognitive Machines [Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-77095-5] Ann Arbor 27-29 October, 2016, pp. 470-477
summary Soil contamination poses a series of important health issues, following years of neglect, constant industrialization, and unsustainable agriculture. It is estimated that 30% of the total cultivated soil in the world will convert to degraded land by 2020 (Rashid et al. 2016). Finding suitable treatment technologies to clean up contaminated water and soil is not trivial, and although technological solutions are sought, many are both resource-expensive and potentially equally unsustainable in long term. Bacteria and fungi have proved efficient in contributing to the bioavailability of nutrients and in aggregating formation in degraded soils (Rashid et al. 2016). Our research aims to explore the possible implementation of physical computing, computational analysis, and digital fabrication techniques in the design and optimization of an efficient soil remediation strategy using mycelium. The study presented here is a first step towards an overarching methodology for the development of an automated soil decontamination process, using an optimized bio-cell fungus seed that can be remotely populated using aerial transportation. The presented study focuses on the development of a methodology for capturing and modeling the growth of the mycelium fungus using photogrammetry-based 3D scanning and computational analysis techniques.
keywords computational design, photogrammetry, simulation, mycelium, 3d scanning, growth strategies
series ACADIA
type paper
last changed 2016/10/24 11:12

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