CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 10 of 10

_id ecaade2009_042
id ecaade2009_042
authors Barlieb, Christophe; Richter, Christoph; Greschner, Björn; Tamke, Martin
year 2009
title Whispering Wind: Digital Practice and the Sustainable Agenda
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 543-550
summary Low frequency noise generated by aircraft during pre-takeoff, takeoff, landing and post-landing operations equates to high levels of undesirable ground noise pollution. This phenomenon is gaining heightened popular interest among air transportation specialists and agencies as urban settlements and airports expand beyond post-war city limits to meet demands of the 21st Century. This paper highlights the advantages of employing digital tools in tight collaboration with academics and professionals at the early stages of the design process and revisits ancient architectural design strategies to arrive at more meaningful and sustainable architectural interventions.
wos WOS:000334282200065
keywords Acoustic, architecture, opensource, passive design, sustainability
series eCAADe
email c@barlieb.com, Christoph.Richter@TU-Berlin.de, greschner@cfd.tu-berlin.de, Martin.Tamke@karch.dk
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id cdd4
authors Björk, Bo-Christer
year 2001
title Open Source, Open Science, OpenCourseWare
source Architectural Information Management [19th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-8-1] Helsinki (Finland) 29-31 August 2001, pp. 13-17
summary The Internet has in just a few years radically changed the technical foundation for how the supply chain of scientific publications and teaching materials functions. As researchers we can with just a few clicks find a significant part of all the information we need for free on the World Wide Web. As teachers we can find huge amounts of digital material which can be downloaded or linked from the web and included in presentation overheads, or hyperlinked as reading material. Yet the business and legal (copyright issues) infrastructure has hardly changed and presents a barrier to innovation and reengineering of the overall process. This paper describes some recent trends in how the Internet influences these two fields (publication of research resuls and production of teaching material) as well as related developments in the organisation of software develop-ment, and discusses them both from an economic and philosophical perspective.
keywords Internet, Scientific Publication, Teaching Material, Open Source
series eCAADe
email bo-christer.bjork@shh.fi
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id ecaade2018_243
id ecaade2018_243
authors Gardner, Nicole
year 2018
title Architecture-Human-Machine (re)configurations - Examining computational design in practice
source Kepczynska-Walczak, A, Bialkowski, S (eds.), Computing for a better tomorrow - Proceedings of the 36th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland, 19-21 September 2018, pp. 139-148
summary This paper outlines a research project that explores the participation in, and perception of, advanced technologies in architectural professional practice through a sociotechnical lens and presents empirical research findings from an online survey distributed to employees in five large-scale architectural practices in Sydney, Australia. This argues that while the computational design paradigm might be well accepted, understood, and documented in academic research contexts, the extent and ways that computational design thinking and methods are put-into-practice has to date been less explored. In engineering and construction, technology adoption studies since the mid 1990s have measured information technology (IT) use (Howard et al. 1998; Samuelson and Björk 2013). In architecture, research has also focused on quantifying IT use (Cichocka 2017), as well as the examination of specific practices such as building information modelling (BIM) (Cardoso Llach 2017; Herr and Fischer 2017; Son et al. 2015). With the notable exceptions of Daniel Cardoso Llach (2015; 2017) and Yanni Loukissas (2012), few scholars have explored advanced technologies in architectural practice from a sociotechnical perspective. This paper argues that a sociotechnical lens can net valuable insights into advanced technology engagement to inform pedagogical approaches in architectural education as well as strategies for continuing professional development.
keywords Computational design; Sociotechnical system; Technology adoption
series eCAADe
email n.gardner@unsw.edu.au
last changed 2018/07/24 10:23

_id ecaade2018_141
id ecaade2018_141
authors Hermund, Anders, Klint, Lars Simon, Bundgaard, Ture Slot and Noël Meedom Meldgaard Bj?rnson-Langen, Rune
year 2018
title The Perception of Architectural Space in Reality, in Virtual Reality, and through Plan and Section Drawings - A case study of the perception of architectural atmosphere
source Kepczynska-Walczak, A, Bialkowski, S (eds.), Computing for a better tomorrow - Proceedings of the 36th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland, 19-21 September 2018, pp. 735-744
summary This paper presents the findings from a comparative study of an architectural space communicated as the space itself and its two different representations, i.e. a virtual reality model and traditional plan and section drawings. Using eye tracking technology in combination with qualitative questionnaires, a case study of an architectural space is investigated in physical reality, a virtual reality 3D BIM model, and finally through representation of the space in plan and section drawings. In this study, the virtual reality scenario seems closer to reality than the experience of the same space experienced through plan and section drawings. There is an overall higher correlation of both the conscious reflections and the less conscious behaviour between the real physical architectural space and the virtual reality space, than there is between the real space and the space communicated through plan and section drawings. We can conclude that the scenario with the best overall size estimations, compared to the actual measures, is the virtual reality scenario. The paper further discusses the future applications of virtual reality in architecture.
keywords Architectural representation; Virtual Reality; Perception; Tradition
series eCAADe
email anders.hermund@kadk.dk
last changed 2018/08/22 13:38

_id 403a
authors Karstila, K., Björk, B.C. and Hannus, M.
year 1991
title A Conceptual Framework for Design and Construction Information
source The Computer Integrated Future, CIB W78 Seminar. september, 1991. Unnumbered : ill. includes bibliography
summary This paper tries to sketch out a conceptual framework model for design and construction information. This conceptual model is formed by extending the Finnish RATAS building product data model to include also construction activities, resources, costs, organizations, contracts, etc. and relationships between them. The overall conceptual framework model can be used to extract conceptual submodels related to the information needs of particular participants of the construction process. As an example of different views to design and construction information the views of design, cost estimating and production planning discussed in the paper. The framework model can also be used to define the position of traditional classification systems and general databases in the construction information process
keywords construction, product modeling, building, information, design process
series CADline
email bo-christer.bjork@shh.fi
last changed 2003/06/02 12:41

_id a87a
authors Kroszynski, U.I., Palstorem, Bj. and Trostmann, E. (et al)
year 1989
title Geometric Data Transfer Between CAD Systems : Solid Models
source IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications September, 1989. vol. 9: pp. 57-71 : ill. includes bibliography.
summary The CAD/CAM community is showing great interest in the development of data exchange standards. This article highlights some aspects of the work accomplished during the first phase of the ESPRIT project CAD*1. Part of this work has resulted in a specification for the exchange of solid models, as well as in some pilot implementations of processors based on this specification. This work also contributes to the efforts of the International Standards Organization (ISO) in developing the Standard for the Exchange of Product Model Data (STEP). The authors present a summary of the CAD*1 approach, addressing the structure of neutral files for solids, entities, and attributes supporting three kinds of representations; facilities for the transfer of parametric designs; referencing library components; and other general mechanisms. Also is described the current state of the specification and processor implementations. An example of a CAD*1 neutral file is included. Results from cycle and intersystem solid model transfer tests are presented, showing the practicality of the CAD*1 proposal. B-rep model transfer results are discussed in some detail. Finally, the authors outline the relationship of this work with standardization
keywords communication, solid modeling, standards, STEP, B-rep
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 12:42

_id ga9917
id ga9917
authors Maia Jr., A., Valle, R. do, Manzolli, J. and Pereira, L.N.S.
year 1999
title Generative Polymodal Music Process
source International Conference on Generative Art
summary We present underlying ideas used to develop an Algorithmic Composition software named KYKLOS. It was designed to generate music based on generalised musical scales and modes. It is an interactive sonic device to be applied in composition as well in performance. The sonic output of the whole process can be described as generalised polymodal music since “synthetic scales” are generated by the algorithm. This environment can be used in a Computer Assisted Composition manner in order to generate MIDI files. On the other hand, it can equally be used as a performance environment in which a dynamic change of parameters enables a real time control of the sonic process. Recently, we advocated that several mathematical applications in Computer Music can be understood as Sound Functors [1]. In extension, we describe here a sound functor used to model scales and modes. As can be verified, part of early investigations on mathematical structures in music studied musical scales and modes using Combinatorics, Fibonacci Series and Golden Mean in order to understand compositional processes which use modal concepts. Using the Functor definition it is possible to enumerate n-scales as a sequence of integers. Each value in that sequence gives the distance (in half tones) between two consecutive tones. For example, the sequence 3:2:2:3 is interpreted as a pentatonic scale C-Eb-F-G-Bb, and as defined above it is a C mode. So, if we apply cyclical permutations, (n-1)-sequences of numbers should be interpreted as n-modes of tones. Our algorithmic implementation is described briefly. A n-mode is defined as an array with n-1 integers [a1, a2, ...an-1]. Each array generated at k-th step can be read as a number a1a2a3 ....an-1 in decimal representation, where ai is a integer between 1 and 9. We denote the number obtained at k-th step as (a1a2a3 ...an-1)(k) . The rules to implement the algorithm are the following:1) V0 = (1, 1, 1, 1 ......,1) (initial n-mode)2) ? ai ? 11 with i= 1, 2...n-1 (octave range constraint)3) Vk = (a1a2a3 ...an-1)(k) < (b1b2b3 ...bn-1)(k+1) = Vk+1 where aj ?bj , 1? j ? n-1.4) Vmax = (13 – n, 1, 1, ...,1)In this paper we start with a theoretical view and an introduction on the algorithmic mechanism used. Further, we present a concept of man ? machine interaction used to create the composition environment. We also describe the compositional graphic interface developed and general functions of the system. Finally there is a set of music examples generated by KYKLOS as MIDI files.
series other
more http://www.generativeart.com/
last changed 2003/08/07 15:25

_id 31ca
authors Martens, B., Björk, B.-C. and Turk, Z.
year 2002
title Open, Self Organising Repository for Scientific Information Exchange - The SciX Project
source Connecting the Real and the Virtual - design e-ducation [20th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-0-8] Warsaw (Poland) 18-20 September 2002, pp. 222-229
summary In the paper-based world, CAAD-associations, such as eCAADe, and scientific publishers aim at getting the right people together and for making sure their work gets distributed to their peers. Electronic networks, such as the Internet, are providing scientists with the means to pursue those activities on their own. In this paper we present the goals of an EU project called SciX. The goal of SciX is to analyze the business processes of scientific publishing, to invent new publication models and through a series of pilots to demonstrate how this should work. In the envisioned scenarios, professional associations such as eCAADe play an important role. Their members are the potential users of SciX’s platforms, authors and readers of the papers. Associations could also become the publishers and archivists of the knowledge created within their respective community. The objectives of this contribution focus on involving the eCAADecommunity in the developments in SciX, on fine-shaping the goals as well as on defining the requirements and monitoring the usability of the pilots.
series eCAADe
email b.martens@tuwien.ac.at
last changed 2002/09/09 17:19

_id d0d1
authors Martens, B., Björk, B.-Ch. and Turk, Z.
year 2002
title The SciX Project: Re-Engineering from Paper-based to Free Electronic Publishing
source Thresholds - Design, Research, Education and Practice, in the Space Between the Physical and the Virtual [Proceedings of the 2002 Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture / ISBN 1-880250-11-X] Pomona (California) 24-27 October 2002, pp. 179-185
summary In the paper-based world, CAAD-associations, such as ACADIA, and scientific publishers aim at gettingthe right people together and for making sure their work gets distributed to their peers. Electronicnetworks, such as the Internet, are providing scientists with the means to pursue those activities on theirown. In this paper we present the goals of an EU project called SciX. The goal of SciX is to analyze thebusiness processes of scientific publishing, to invent new publication models and through a series ofpilots to demonstrate how this should work. In the envisioned scenarios, professional associations suchas ACADIA play an important role. Their members are the potential users of SciX 's platforms, authorsand readers of the papers. Associations could also become the publishers and archivists of theknowledge created within their respective community. The objectives of this contribution focus oninvolving the ACADIA-community in the developments in SciX on fine-shaping the goals as well as ondefining the requirements and monitoring the usability of the pilots.
series ACADIA
email b.martens@tuwien.ac.at
last changed 2002/10/26 23:25

_id 6b05
authors Martens, B., Björk, B.-Chr. and Turk, Z.
year 2002
title Open, Self Organising Repository for Scientific Information Exchange
source SIGraDi 2002 - [Proceedings of the 6th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Caracas (Venezuela) 27-29 november 2002, pp. 116-120
summary In the paper-based world, CAAD-associations, such as SIGRADI, and scientific publishers aim at getting the right people together and for making sure their work gets distributed to their peers. Electronic networks, such as the Internet, are providing scientists with the means to pursue those activities on their own. In this paper we present the goals of an EU project called SciX (Scientific information eXchange). The goal of is this project is to analyze the business processes of scientific publishing, to invent new publication models and through a series of pilots to demonstrate how this should work. In the envisioned scenarios, professional associations such as SIGRADI play an important role.
keywords Scientific Knowledge Management, Retrospective CAAD Research, CAADrelated Publications, Web-based Bibliographic Database, Machine Learning
series SIGRADI
email b.martens@tuwien.ac.at; bo-christer.bjork@shh.fi; ziga.turk@itc.fgg.uni-lj.si
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

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