CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 20 of 24

_id 3509
authors Bourdakis, V. and Day, A.
year 1997
title The VRML Model of the City of Bath
source Proceedings of the Sixth International EuroplA Conference, europia Productions
summary The aim of this research project is to utilise VRML models in urban planning in order to provide easy-to-use visualisation tools that will allow non-experts to understand the implications of proposed changes to their city. In this paper, issues related to the construction and use of large urban models are discussed based on the authors' experience constructing the Bath computer model. Problems faced during the creation, translation and final adaptation of the original CAD model are presented, the solutions devised are demonstrated and suggestions regarding the management of similar projects are given.
series other
email V.Bourdakis@prd.uth.gr
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id ddss9219
id ddss9219
authors Bourdakis, V. and Fellows, R.F.
year 1993
title A model appraising the performance of structural systems used in sports hall and swimming pool buildings in greece
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture (Proceedings of a conference held in Mierlo, the Netherlands in July 1992), ISBN 0-7923-2444-7
summary The selection of the best performing structural system (among steel, timber laminated, concrete, fabric tents) for medium span (30-50m) sports halls and swimming pools in Greece formed the impetus for this research. Decision-making concerning selection of the structural system is difficult in this sector of construction, as was explained in the "Long Span Structures" conference (November 1990, Athens. Greece). From the literature it has been found that most building appraisals end up at the level of data analysis and draw conclusions on the individual aspects they investigate. These approaches usually focus on a fraction of the problem, examining it very deeply and theoretically. Their drawback is loss of comprehensiveness and ability to draw conclusions on an overall level and consequently being applicable to the existing conditions. Research on an inclusive level is sparse. In this particular research project, an inclusive appraisal approach was adopted, leading to the identification of three main variables: resources, human-user-satisfaction, and technical. Consequently, this led to a combination of purely quantitative and qualitative data. Case studies were conducted on existing buildings in order to assess the actual performance of the various alternative structural systems. This paper presents the procedure followed for the identification of the research variables and the focus on the development of the model of quantification. The latter is of vital importance if the problem of incompatibility of data is to be solved, overall relation of findings is to be achieved and holistic conclusions are to be drawn.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id b0d8
authors Bourdakis, V.
year 1996
title From CAAD to VRML: London Case Study
source The 3rd UK VRSIG Conference Full Paper Proceedings, De Montfort University
summary In this paper, the suitability and usability of VRML for urban modelling is discussed based on the experience gained by the creation of urban models of varying sizes, level of detail and use. Areas where the current VRML specification is failing to satisfy the needs of large-scale urban modelling are highlighted. Properties of a successful alternative or VRML3.0 specification are suggested and briefly discussed.
series other
email V.Bourdakis@prd.uth.gr
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id 1a91
id 1a91
authors Bourdakis, V.
year 1997
title The Future of VRML on Large Urban Models.
source The 4th UK VRSIG Conference
summary In this paper, the suitability and usability of VRML for urban modelling is discussed based on the experience gained by the creation of urban models of varying sizes, level of detail and use. Areas where the current VRML specification is failing to satisfy the needs of large-scale urban modelling are highlighted. Properties of a successful alternative or VRML3.0 specification are suggested and briefly discussed.
keywords 3D City Modeling, Development Control, Design Control
series other
email b.martens@tuwien.ac.at
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id a47a
authors Bourdakis, V.
year 1998
title Navigation in Large VR Urban Models. In Virtual Worlds
source J. Heudin (ed.), Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence 1434, Springer, Berlin, pp. 345-356
summary The aim of this research project is to utilise VR models in urban planning in order to provide easy-to-use visualisation tools that will allow non-experts to understand the implications of proposed changes to their city. In this paper, the navigation problems identified whilst working on large VR city models are discussed and a "fly" based navigation mode is proposed and evaluated.

keywords 3D City modeling
series other
email V.Bourdakis@prd.uth.gr
more http://fos.prd.uth.gr/vas/papers/VW98/
last changed 2003/04/02 09:55

_id ecaade2011_019
id ecaade2011_019
authors Bourdakis, Vassilis
year 2011
title Interactive Spatial Design course analysis: 10 years, 150 projects
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.647-652
wos WOS:000335665500075
summary The paper is giving an overview and analysis of an undergraduate, sixth semester, compulsory course titled “Virtual Reality: Interactive Spatial Design” at the department of Architecture, School of Engineering, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece. It is one of the very few courses on designing digital/synthetic and interactive space_and not merely utilising Virtual Reality (VR) technologies for architectural visualisations_in architectural curricula. The aim of this paper is to primarily draw on a ten year experience on teaching the course and to open up a discussion on the implications of such digital design courses and address emerging problems. This is achieved through a reflection on the teaching process (interaction as design process, curriculum and attained goals) and an analysis and genre classification of the 150 submitted projects.
keywords Studio teaching; interaction; virtual environments; digital design
series eCAADe
email v.bourdakis@uth.gr
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id 7674
authors Bourdakis, Vassilis and Charitos, Dimitrios
year 1999
title Virtual Environment Design - Defining a New Direction for Architectural Education
source Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 403-409
summary This paper considers the design and development of virtual environments (VEs) and the way that it relates to traditional architectural education and practice. The need for practitioners who will contribute to the design of 3D content for multimedia and virtual reality applications is identified. The design of space in a VE is seen as being partly an architectural problem. Therefore, architectural design should play an important role in educating VE designers. Other disciplines, intrinsically related to the issue of VE design, are also identified. Finally, this paper aims at pointing out the need for a new direction within architectural education, which will lead towards a generation of VE architects.
keywords Virtual Environments, Architectural Design, Architectural Education
series eCAADe
email V.Bourdakis@prd.uth.gr
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id 2006_000
id 2006_000
authors Bourdakis, Vassilis and Charitos, Dimitris (eds.)
year 2006
title Communicating Space(s)
source 24th eCAADe Conference Proceedings [ISBN 0-9541183-5-9], Volos (Greece) 6-9 September 2006, 914 p.
summary The theme of this conference builds on and investigates the pre-existing and endlessly unfolding relationship between two domains of scientific inquiry: Architecture, urban design and planning, environmental design, geography and Social theory, media and communication studies, political science, cultural studies and social anthropology. Architectural design involves communication and could thus be partly considered a communicational activity. Designers (or not) see architectural designs, implicitly, as carriers of information and symbolic content; similarly buildings and urban environments have been “read” and interpreted by many (usu- ally not architects) as cultural texts. At the same time, social and cultural studies have studied buildings and cities, as contexts for social and cultural activities and life in general, from their mundane expression of “everyday life” (Highmore, 2001) to elite expressions of artistic creativity and performance. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) support both of these levels of scientific inquiry in many ways. Most importantly however, ICTs need design studies, architectural and visual design, social and cultural studies in their quest to create aesthetically pleasing, ergonomically efficient and functional ICT sys- tems; this need for interdisciplinarity is best articulated by the low quality of most on-line content and applica- tions published on the web.
series eCAADe
type normal paper
email vas@uth.gr
more http://www.ecaade.org
last changed 2006/08/16 16:55

_id ee65
authors Bourdakis, Vassilis and Charitos, Dimitris
year 2002
title Teaching Virtual Environment Design
source Connecting the Real and the Virtual - design e-ducation [20th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-0-8] Warsaw (Poland) 18-20 September 2002, pp. 42-49
summary In a previous paper, the authors considered the design and development of virtual environments (VEs) pointing out the need for a new direction within architectural education, leading towards a generation of VE architects. It was suggested that there is an urgent need for educating practitioners who will contribute to the design of 3D content for multimedia and virtual reality applications. This paper focuses on the application of these principles and ideas into the structure and methodology of three VE design courses, taught by the authors. These courses are by no means suggested as exhaustive examples of teaching this subject. They are seen as preliminary approaches, adapting to the educational context they are integrated within. Bearing in mind the problems relating to teaching large numbers of students with a design studio approach, difficult concepts, resources availability, fighting misconceptions, techno-phobia the following areas are discussed in the hope that they will contribute to VE design curricula in the near future.
series eCAADe
email V.Bourdakis@prd.uth.gr
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id ecaadesigradi2019_459
id ecaadesigradi2019_459
authors Bourdakis, Vassilis and Tsangrassoulis, Aris
year 2019
title Dynamic Façade Design Studio - From sketches to microcontrollers
source Sousa, JP, Xavier, JP and Castro Henriques, G (eds.), Architecture in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution - Proceedings of the 37th eCAADe and 23rd SIGraDi Conference - Volume 2, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, 11-13 September 2019, pp. 725-730
summary The paper presents the outcome of two semesters running a dynamic façade design studio (2014 and 2018) to 3rd and 4th year undergraduates, using computational design, simulation and visualization tools in designing environmentally activated building envelopes. The paper discusses the problems faced by the students and the teaching team throughout the design process and finally suggests ways of integrating microcontrollers as a teaching tool enabling students to comprehend the logic, complexities and overall mechanics of responsive environmental design.
series eCAADeSIGraDi
email vas@uth.gr
last changed 2019/08/26 20:28

_id 2e36
authors Bourdakis, Vassilis
year 1997
title Making Sense of the City
source CAAD Futures 1997 [Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-7923-4726-9] München (Germany), 4-6 August 1997, pp. 663-678
summary Large-scale, three dimensional, interactive computer models of cities are becoming feasible making it possible to test their suitability as a visualisation tool for the design and planning process, for data visualisation where socio-economic and physical data can be mapped on to the 3D form of the city and as an urban information repository. The CASA developed models of the City of Bath and London's West End in VRML format, are used as examples to illustrate the problems arising. The aim of this paper is to reflect on key issues related to interaction within urban models, data mapping techniques and appropriate metaphors for presenting information.
keywords 3D City modeling, Urban Modelling, Virtual Environments, Navigation, Data Mapping, VRML
series CAAD Futures
email v.bourdakis@prd.uth.gr
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id 5ac1
authors Bourdakis, Vassilis
year 2001
title On Developing Standards for the Creation of VR City Models
source Architectural Information Management [19th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-8-1] Helsinki (Finland) 29-31 August 2001, pp. 404-409
summary The paper is an inclusive summary of research work on creating VR city models carried out over the last six years in the UK and Greece aiming to put into discussion the guidelines/ rules developed by the author. The paper is structured in three sections referring to the main stages in terms of either technical expertise and problem solving or conceptual structuring of information: creation of 3D city models, CAAD versus VR in digital city modelling and finally utilizing digital city models. The expected outcome of the work presented is the establishment of a body of knowledge that will facilitate the development of standards and guidelines for the creation of city models. There are obvious advantages in having a compatible set of city 3D models. On the other hand, there are different rules to be followed and issues to be solved, according to the scale of the model, level of detail that is needed—all these rules relate to the projected use of the model.
keywords Digital City Models, 3D Modelling, Virtual Reality, Urban Planning
series eCAADe
email v.bourdakis@prd.uth.gr
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id 2004_601
id 2004_601
authors Bourdakis, Vassilis
year 2004
title Developing VR Tools for an Urban Planning Public Participation ICT Curriculum; The PICT Approach
source Architecture in the Network Society [22nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Copenhagen (Denmark) 15-18 September 2004, pp. 601-607
summary This paper is a work in progress report on the Planning Inclusion of Clients through e-Training (PICT) Leonardo funded project. The aim of the paper is to present the issues related to the development of appropriate Information Communication Technologies (ICT) material enabling Virtual Reality (VR) technologies in this particular context. The tools developed are organised in three distinct parts: the common core part, the public oriented and the planner oriented. The curriculum structure is analysed, the methods employed in developing the VR tools are presented and the initial experiments are discussed.
keywords Public Participation, ICT Curriculum, Urban Planning, VR
series eCAADe
email V.Bourdakis@prd.uth.gr
last changed 2004/09/18 06:45

_id ecaade2008_186
id ecaade2008_186
authors Bourdakis, Vassilis
year 2008
title Low Tech Approach to 3D Urban Modeling
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 959-964
summary Over the last decade various examples of urban 3D models have been created employing various techniques for data collection and model building. The problems faced are well documented, issues of accuracy, complexity and utility of the models has also been addressed. This paper presents a low tech approach to accurate city modeling focusing on engineering applications, browsing/experiencing applications as well as multi-layering time based analyses, historical info overlaying for use in interactive real time applications (museum exhibitions, research projects for behavioral patterns of users in 3D urban environments, marketing, tourism, etc). The pros and cons of the proposed methodology are analyzed and ways forward suggested.
keywords Urban modeling, photogrammetric techniques, 3D modeling
series eCAADe
email V.Bourdakis@uth.gr
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id ecaade2010_183
id ecaade2010_183
authors Bourdakis, Vassilis
year 2010
title Designing Interactions: A step forward from time based media and synthetic space design in architectural education
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.151-156
wos WOS:000340629400016
summary The paper follows the development of digital tools for architects and briefly discusses their utility within education and practice. The move from static CAD tools to time based media followed by programmatic processes and virtual environment design is addressing the evolution of the profession and to an extent reflects practitioners’ needs. The paper focuses on the notion of interactivity and how it is been addressed in various fields. Borrowing from computer science and game design the author presents a course dealing with designing interactivity, responsiveness and users feeding their input back in the design. The aim of the paper is to analyse and support a new set of tools in architectural curricula that will implement interactivity and integrate it into spatial design leading to a holistic approach promoting intelligence, hybridity and responsiveness of the built environment. Following, the elaboration of the rationale, a brief discussion on tools and project directions is carried out.
keywords Interaction; Virtual environments; Time based media; Curriculum; Intelligent environments
series eCAADe
email V.Bourdakis@uth.gr
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2005_529
id sigradi2005_529
authors Bourdakis, Vassilis; Anna Chronaki
year 2005
title A Social and gendered analysis of the utilization of a VR planning tool for public participation
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 2, pp. 529-534
summary The paper is a follow-up to earlier work investigating the research hypothesis that Virtual Reality (VR) is nowadays a maturetechnology, suitable for communicating planning ideas. A work in progress involving the redesign of two squares within the urbanfabric of a deprived Athenian neighbourhood is presented. A VR model of existing and proposed layouts was constructed, focusingon accuracy of visualisation, ease of navigation, online spatialized commenting mechanism and ease of access. User groups weresupported with appropriate training—researchers had the opportunity to observe the reactions of people and deliver questionnairesthat help identify problem areas related to technophobia, disbelief, past knowledge, communication skills, understanding of thevisualisation system used, usability of the navigation system as well as the commenting mechanism. Gender and social exclusionare key issues in this particular multicultural neighbourhood. Collecting demographic data on all participants (age, sex, educationlevel, employment, marital status, etc.) during the commenting process enables a series of analyses testing the ways the system isused.
series SIGRADI
email V.Bourdakis@prd.uth.gr
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ecaade2012_314
id ecaade2012_314
authors Bourdakis, Vassilis; Pentazou, Ioulia
year 2012
title Real City Museum/Virtual City Model: Real Datasets/Virtual Interactions
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-3-7, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 337-341
wos WOS:000330320600034
summary Creating virtual city models at different scales, emphases and overall orientations is a topic that has attracted great interest in architectural and urban planning context over at least the last two decades. However the complexity of the city as a historical formation demands new methods of representation embracing interactive technologies. The work discussed in this paper is part of a large multidisciplinary project for the development of the Volos city museum. Enhancing the interaction between the public and the museum exhibits is essential. The paper focuses on the definition, complexity and orientation of the data structures and the integration of 3D contemporary and historic data that is the backbone for the digital representations and the interactive applications developed for the museum.
keywords Database design; XML; Dublin Core metadata; history; 3D modelling; geo-referencing
series eCAADe
email vas@uth.gr
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id 196a
authors Charitos, D., Pehlivanidou-Liakata, A., Bourdakis, V. and Kavouras, M.
year 2001
title Time Based Media as a Means to Enhance Spatial Representations - Teaching case studies in Greece
source Architectural Information Management [19th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-8-1] Helsinki (Finland) 29-31 August 2001, pp. 233-238
summary This paper investigates the potential of time-based spatial representations as a means for enhancing our environmental perception – a tool for assessing and understanding space in the wider sense of the term. It attempts to document the way in which time-based representations of environments are addressed by architectural, planning and surveying education curricula in a number of related Departments in certain Greek Universities. More specifically, a report on the teaching practice and objectives of certain undergraduate and postgraduate courses, which deal with this issue in different ways, is made.
keywords Time-Based Media, Spatial Representations, Video, Virtual Reality, 3D Modelling
series eCAADe
email virtual@central.ntua.gr, deste@central.ntua.gr, v.bourdakis@prd.uth.gr, mkav@survey.ntua.gr
last changed 2001/08/06 20:38

_id e023
authors Charitos, Dimitrios and Bourdakis, Vassilis
year 2000
title Designing for the Spatial Context of 3D Online Communities
source Promise and Reality: State of the Art versus State of Practice in Computing for the Design and Planning Process [18th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-6-5] Weimar (Germany) 22-24 June 2000, pp. 165-169
summary This paper considers the issue of designing the spatial context within which 3D online communities can function and evolve. Firstly, the current state of 3D on-line communities is taken into account, particularly focusing on the way space is conceptualised, organised and depicted in them. A series of such communities is studied and analysed and an attempt to identify possible spatial design criteria is made. On the basis of this analysis and relevant work on designing space in Virtual Environments (V_s), a series of suggestions on the way that the spatial context of 3D online communities can be designed and developed are made.
keywords 3D City modeling
series eCAADe
email vedesign@otenet.gr, v.bourdakis@prd.uth.gr
more http://www.uni-weimar.de/ecaade/
last changed 2002/11/23 05:59

_id 9613
authors Day, A., Bourdakis, V. and Robson, J.
year 1996
title Living with a Virtual City
source Architectural Research Quarterly, Vol 2. pp. 84-91
summary Computer models of entire cities are becoming increasingly common. The uses to which these models are put are varied and include the visualisation of proposed changes, the marketing of the facilities a city has to offer and the mapping of socio-economic data. Developments in the Internet mean that city models can be widely accessed and computer hardware and software have developed to the point where it is possible to both construct and view these models on personal computers. This paper discusses some issues relating to the construction and use of large urban models and draws upon the authors' experience of constructing the Bath computer model which remains one of the most detailed in the world.
series journal paper
email V.Bourdakis@prd.uth.gr
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

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