CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 20 of 68

_id caadria2011_052
id caadria2011_052
authors Al-Kazzaz, Dhuha A. and Alan Bridges
year 2011
title Assessing innovation in hybrid designs using shape grammars
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 545-554
summary Al-kazzaz et al (2010) described hybrid adaption technique to generate innovative designs from heterogeneous precedents using shape grammars. An evaluation of the degree of innovation in the hybrid designs gave feedback to grammar users before and after applying a rule. Innovation was assessed using variables derived from the internal structure of the grammar such as: the number of antecedents in the corpus having the same rule; the number of rules in a subclass rule set having the same geometry; etc. However, the validity of the innovation assessment was unclear and the use of the feedback measures was not demonstrated. Accordingly, this study aims to verify the credibility of the innovation measures and to identify the independent variables that a user can control to achieve a significant impact on each innovation measure as a dependent variable.
keywords Shape grammars; hybrid design; innovation assessment
series CAADRIA
email dhuha.abdul-aziz@strath.ac.uk
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_022
id caadria2010_022
authors Ambrose, Michael A. and Lisa Lacharité-Lostritto
year 2010
title Representation in a time of re-presentation: design media processes in architectural education
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 229-238
summary This paper examines what is appropriate and valuable to include in architectural education in light of changing representational conventions and techniques. Architecture finds itself at a unique moment in time where the means of production for the profession, and indeed the entire discipline, are transforming and fundamentally undermine the existing models of education, production and understanding. The threat to architecture education is that architecture becomes learned techniques rather than a way of operating within a body of knowledge that grows and responds to its context. These digital media processes offer contemporary education new and challenging ways to communicate ideas, sometimes subverting the imperative for “drawing” as the representation does not refer to information in the abstract, but IS the information quite literally.
keywords Design education; design theory; digital design representation
series CAADRIA
email ambrosem@umd.edu
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_005
id caadria2010_005
authors Anay, Hakan
year 2010
title Computational aspects of a design process: Mario Botta’s single-family house in Breganzona
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 49-58
summary The present study aims to foreground and investigate computational aspects of the design process of Mario Botta’s single-family house in Breganzona. Through the selected case, it mainly addresses the research question, “what are the computational aspects of the examined design process and what is the nature of such aspects?” or, otherwise formulated, “what aspects of such a design process could be formalised, and thus, represented or explained in computational terms?” The study primarily involves analysis and investigation of the “material”; the sketches and the drawings produced during the design process and through this material, reinterpretation, and hypothetical reconstruction of the process. The material is taken as the container of design ideas / concepts and operations, and a formal / conceptual analysis is employed to foreground and extract this content.
keywords Design process; design analysis; design computation; design knowledge
series CAADRIA
email hakananay@yahoo.com
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_029
id caadria2010_029
authors Baerlecken, Daniel; Martin Manegold, Judith Reitz and Arne Kuenstler
year 2010
title Integrative parametric form-finding processes
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 303-312
summary The recent developments in digital technologies and contemporary design tools are initiating new approaches of form-finding based on parametric development of multiple geometries with simultaneous consideration of various aspects. This paper focuses on the use of advanced parametric CAD systems and reformulated construction logics to enhance the potential and possibilities of form finding processes. This approach is exemplified through the “Greenhouse Trauttmansdorff project”. The project demonstrates a form finding approach which is based on defined parameters that not only fulfil aesthetic and functional aspects, but simultaneously take structural properties and the resulting sun shading behaviour into account. We will explore within this paper how – next to the functional and contextual building requirements – required illumination levels inside the greenhouse create a feedback loop between the structural system and its cladding system.
keywords parametric representations; digital technologies; digital fabrication; variable systems; load bearing construction
series CAADRIA
email baerlecken@bfrlab.com
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_043
id caadria2010_043
authors Barker, Tom and M. Hank Haeusler
year 2010
title Urban digital media: facilitating the intersection between science, the arts and culture in the arena of technology and building
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 457-466
summary The research presented in this paper investigates ways of providing better design applications for technologies in the field of Urban Digital Media (UDM). The work takes an emergent approach, evolving a design strategy through the early engagement of stakeholders. The paper discusses research in a design-led creative intersection between media technology, culture and the arts in the built environment. The case study discusses opportunities for the enhancement of a university campus experience, learning culture and community, through the provision of an integrated digital presence within campus architecture and urban spaces. It considers types of information architecture (Manovich, 2001) and designs for use in urban settings to create communication-rich, advanced and interactive designed spaces (Haeusler, 2009). The presented research investigates how to create a strategy for display technologies and networked communications to transform and augment the constructed reality of the built environment, allowing new formats of media activity.
keywords Urban design; outdoor digital media; information architecture; multidisciplinary design; augmented reality; media facades
series CAADRIA
email Matthias.Haeusler@uts.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_031
id caadria2010_031
authors Burke, A.; B. Coorey, D. Hill and J. McDermott
year 2010
title Urban micro-informatics: a test case for high-resolution urban modelling through aggregating public information sources
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 327-336
summary Our contention is that the city is a rich collection of urban micro-ecologies in continuous formation that include information types outside the traditional boundaries of urban design, city planning, and architecture and their native data fields. This paper discusses working with non-standard urban data types of a highly granular nature, and the analytical possibilities and technical issues associated with their aggregation, through a post professional masters level research studio project run in 2008. Opportunities for novel urban analysis arising from this process are discussed in the context of typical urban planning and analysis systems and locative media practices. This research bought to light specific technical and conceptual issues arising from the combination of processes including sources of data, data collection methods, data formatting, aggregating and visualisation. The range and nature of publicly available information and its value in an urban analysis context is also explored, linking collective information sites such as Pachube, to local environmental analysis and sensor webs. These are discussed in this paper, toward determining the possibilities for novel understandings of the city from a user centric, real-time urban perspective.
keywords Urban; informatics; processing; ubicomp; visualisation
series CAADRIA
email Anthony.burke@uts.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_042
id caadria2010_042
authors Celento, David
year 2010
title Open-source, parametric architecture to propagate hyper-dense, sustainable urban communities: parametric urban dwellings for the experience economy
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 443-452
summary Rapid developments in societal, technological, and natural systems suggest profound changes ahead if research in panarchical systems (Holling, 2001) is to be believed. Panarchy suggests that systems, both natural and man-made, rise to the point of vulnerability then fail due to disruptive forces in a process of ‘creative destruction.’ This sequence allows for radical, and often unpredictable, renewal. Pressing sustainability concerns, burgeoning urban growth, and emergent ‘green manufacturing’ laws, suggest that future urban dwellings are headed toward Gladwell’s ‘tipping point’ (2002). Hyper-dense, sustainable, urban communities that employ open-source standards, parametric software, and web-based configurators are the new frontier for venerable visions. Open-source standards will permit the design, manufacture, and sale of highly diverse, inter-operable components to create compact urban living environments that are technologically sophisticated, sustainable, and mobile. These mass-customised dwellings, akin to branded consumer goods, will address previous shortcomings for prefabricated, mobile dwellings by stimulating consumer desire in ways that extend the arguments of both Joseph Pine (1992) and Anna Klingman (2007). Arguments presented by authors Makimoto and Manners (1997) – which assert that the adoption of digital and mobile technologies will create large-scale societal shifts – will be extended with several solutions proposed.
keywords Mass customisation; urban dwellings; open source standards; parametric design; sustainability
series CAADRIA
email dcelento@gmail.com
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_028
id caadria2010_028
authors Chellappa, J. and H.-J. Park
year 2010
title BIM + healthcare: on the view of a primary healthcare renovation project
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 293-302
summary Currently BIM is at the forefront of the building industry. While useful for various building types the definitive nature of healthcare design benefits from the BIM process largely in comparison to other building types. In this paper BIM is employed for phasing the design process of the healthcare project, creating modelling prototypes and making reference to a baseline model in order to increase the overall success of the healthcare design project.
keywords Building information modelling; healthcare; evidence-based design; prototype; baseline model
series CAADRIA
type normal paper
email chellapp@hawaii.edu
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_055
id caadria2010_055
authors Chen, Zi-Ru; Chung-Yang Wang, Pei-Chien Hung and Yu-Tung Liu
year 2010
title Preliminary tectonic phenomena of diversified architectural spatial forms in digital age
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 599-608
summary The research on tectonics in the architectural field began from the middle of nineteenth century and in recent twenty years digital technology gradually developed and permeated through the field of architecture. Liu and Lim (2006, 2009) integrated classic and digital tectonic factors a present framework of new tectonics. However, the previous studies related to the tectonics in this digital age were only on architectural cases that use a great deal of digital media. The research wants to know what and how the tectonic factors affect the different spatial forms of modern architecture and focused on a case study of the diversified spatial forms, orthogonal, folding and curving. The results show the classic tectonic thinking is imperative until now. It is critical to prove the significance of adding the new digital tectonic factors in digital age.
keywords Digital and classic tectonics; spatial form; digital media
series CAADRIA
email Ru.zero@gmail.com
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_034
id caadria2010_034
authors Chung, Daniel Hii Jun and Malone-Lee Lai Choo
year 2010
title Computational fluid dynamics for efficient urban design
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 357-366
summary Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is a method of solving and analysing problems that involved fluid flows. In the field of architecture, urban design and urban planning, CFD is useful for the analysis of ventilation and airflow in the built environment, especially in very dense cities. This paper will look into the possibility of making CFD more accessible to the general design and planning field. A simulation is done on a urban design proposal to quickly see how air flow behaves around it. From there, it looks into the future where technology will make CFD simulation more easily adopted and the possibilities of integrating the ventilation analysis with other environmental analysis results into the urban design arena.
keywords Computational fluid dynamics; sustainability; high density; urban design; airflow
series CAADRIA
email sdedhjc@nus.edu.sg
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_015
id caadria2010_015
authors Coorey, Ben
year 2010
title Scalability: parametric strategies from exoskeletons to the city
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 155-163
summary This research will explore and provide an initial study into the diversity of contemporary computational design methodologies emerging in the field of architecture. It will rely on modern philosophical and mathematical ideas as a resource to integrate a seemingly disparate set of design techniques into a unified framework for architectural design. The explorations in this paper will demonstrate a preliminary study into various methods of operating across this framework through a series of parametric design experiments that span across multiple scales. The result indicates new techniques and skills that are becoming increasingly important for architectural design.
keywords Parametric; generative; systems; interface; design
series CAADRIA
email bpcoorey@gmail.com
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_000
id caadria2010_000
authors Dave, Bharat; Andrew I-kang Li, Ning Gu and Hyoung-June Park
year 2010
title CAADRIA2010: New frontiers
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, 644p.
summary The ideas and projects described in papers on the following pages provide one snapshot of current research in computer-aided architectural design from around the world. The papers explore the field from diverse perspectives, emphasise different foci, employ a range of methodologies, and demonstrate many different ways in which designs and designing can be construed, understood and supported using digital tools and technologies. The notion of frontiers in this collection of papers reflects not just a quest for new problems but also a reassessment of what we already know, not just what is conventionally understood as design in terms of tangible material configurations but also what may exist only as processes or as immaterial and virtual representations.
series CAADRIA
email b.dave@unimelb.edu.au
last changed 2010/03/12 06:10

_id caadria2010_008
id caadria2010_008
authors Di Mascio, Danilo
year 2010
title Preserving memories with digital media: a methodology for the reconstruction of Castelnuovo Village
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 83-92
summary The historical centre of the village of Castelnuovo (located in Abruzzo, a region in central of Italy) was seriously damaged by the earthquake of the 6th of April 2009. Following the survey by the Civil Protection, all dwellings have been classified as unsuitable for habitation. The village should be either abandoned or totally rebuilt. But which is its value? Is there something worth of being preserved? If observed from a biodiversity point of view, or more precisely from a “cultural biodiversity” point of view, the historical centre possess interesting materials and immaterial characteristics. These qualities constitute real guidelines for a possible recovery project. Since there is not any possibility to make a survey of the inner village because of its destruction by the earthquake, in this research we have decided to use information technology, in order to rebuilt it and study it in a three-dimensional environment. In this paper we describe the theoretical basis, the method of elaboration and the instruments we have used to locate and evaluate the memories that should be preserved in a new project. Starting with a traditional documentation, such as photographs and drawings, we have used a variety of software (graphics editing program, CAD, 3D modeler, videogame 3D-engine), because of the several hypothesis considered.
keywords Digital heritage; digital design; design methods; digital reconstruction; memories conservation
series CAADRIA
email ddimascio@danarchitect.com
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_053
id caadria2010_053
authors Doumpioti, C.
year 2010
title Fibre composite systems: stress as growth-promoting agent
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 575-584
summary The main intention of this paper is to propose a theoretical framework for an integrated design methodology which incorporates natural morhogenetic principles for the realisation of fibre composite structures. Stress, in these processes, becomes the driving force of shape modification and fibre articulation, while the material thresholds become a driver of generative evolution. The inferences and results of such an approach will be looked into using a case study of a composite monocoque shell bridge design.
series CAADRIA
email Christina.Doumpioti@aaschool.ac.uk
last changed 2010/03/12 06:10

_id caadria2010_057
id caadria2010_057
authors Feng, Han
year 2010
title Quantum architecture: an indeterministic and interactive computational design system
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 619-628
summary The evolution of computational design technique from mere substitution of hand drawing to customised design algorithms exhibiting a certain degree of intelligence, naturally opens up a new research frontier that studies the relationship between designers and customized design algorithms. Most of current customised architecture design algorithm adopts a deterministic paradigm to raise their design questions, that is to say, given the explicit rules and parameters, only one solution is allowed at each discrete computation step. Due to this deterministic nature, an intuitive and efficient communication between design algorithm and designer is hard to achieve, as there is almost no space for designer to step into the running generative process. This lack of progressive communication channels and the inefficiency of translating perceptual judgment into computer language directly results in the unconscious rejection of non-parameterisable design factors like intuition, aesthetic judgment and associational reasoning that are essential to any design activity. This paper introduces the quantum design paradigm as alternative computation paradigm for constructing an interactive and intuitive design system. An algorithm prototype, probability field, will be introduced to illustrate the logic and possible application of the proposed quantum design paradigm.
keywords Quantum design paradigm; intuition; algorithm prototype; interactivity; probability fi eld
series CAADRIA
email qa.hanfeng@gmail.com
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_027
id caadria2010_027
authors Fernando, Ruwan; Robin Drogemuller, Flora Dilys Salim and Jane Burry
year 2010
title Patterns, heuristics for architectural design support: making use of evolutionary modelling in design
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 283-292
summary Software used by architectural and industrial designers has shifted from becoming a tool for drafting, towards use in verification, simulation, project management and remote project sharing. In more advanced models, design parameters for the designed object can be adjusted so that a family of variations can be produced rapidly. With the advances in computer aided design (CAD) technology, design options can now be generated and analyzed in real time. However the use of digital tools to support design as an activity is still at an early stage and has largely been limited in functionality with regard to the design process. To date, major CAD vendors have not developed an integrated tool that is able to leverage specialised design knowledge from various discipline domains (known as expert knowledge systems) as well as to support the creation of design alternatives that satisfy different forms of constraints. We propose that evolutionary computing and machine learning be linked with parametric design techniques in order to monitor a designer’s cognition and intent based on their design history. This will lead to results that impact future work on design support systems which are capable of supporting implicit constraint and problem definition for wicked problems that are difficult to quantify.
keywords Design support; heuristics; generative modelling; parametric modelling; evolutionary computation
series CAADRIA
email r1fernando@qut.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_056
id caadria2010_056
authors Fischer, T.
year 2010
title The interdependence of linear and circular causality in CAAD research: a unified model
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 609-618
summary This paper discusses the relationship between linear and circular conceptions of causality and questions the common mutually-exclusive bivalent logic applied in distinguishing them. It argues that (circular) conversation and (linear) control both have their place in the design process. This calls for open minds and a reconsideration of value systems in CAAD practice and research, without which CAAD remains the futile attempt to deploy techniques developed to identify and enforce linear causation for the benefit of a practice that depends upon circular causality.
keywords Control; technique; novelty; predictability; surprise
series CAADRIA
email tfischer@mail.ncku.edu.tw
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_049
id caadria2010_049
authors Fukuda, Tomohiro and Hitoshi Takeuchi
year 2010
title Development of use flow of 3D CAD / VR software for citizens who are non-specialists in city design
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 521-530
summary The purpose of this study is the development of a tool by which citizens who are non-specialists can design a regional revitalisation project. Therefore, a 3D CAD / VR (3-dimensional computer-aided design / virtual reality) combination system was developed by using SketchUP Pro, GIMP, and UC-win / Road. This system has the advantages of low cost and easy operation. The utility of the system was verified as a result of applying the developed prototype system in the Super Science High School program for high school students created by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan. It has been used for two years, since 2007. In addition, the characteristics of the VR made by the non-specialists were considered.
keywords Urban renewal design; participatory planning; 3D CAD; VR; design by non-specialists
series CAADRIA
email fukuda@see.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_012
id caadria2010_012
authors Gu, Ning; Vishal Singh and Kathryn Merrick
year 2010
title A framework to integrate generative design techniques for enhancing design automation
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 127-136
summary This paper presents and demonstrates a computational framework that facilitates the integration of different generative design techniques to enhance design automation. The framework is based on the evaluation and comparison of four main generative design algorithms. Effectiveness of the framework is demonstrated through an example scenario. Compared to most existing generative design systems that are based on one of the techniques, which often bias the generative design process in a certain direction, new generative design systems by applying the proposed framework will provide the trigger at each stage as demonstrated in the example scenario for the designer to perceive the emergent designs from different viewpoints. This advantage will enhance design generation and automation by assisting the designer in making more informed decisions in understanding and selecting the suitable generative techniques for different design needs.
keywords Generative design systems; shape grammars; L-systems; cellular automata; genetic algorithms
series CAADRIA
email ning.gu@newcastle.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2010_048
id caadria2010_048
authors Gu, Ning; Vishal Singh and Xiangyu Wang
year 2010
title Applying augmented reality for data interaction and collaboration in BIM
source Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Hong Kong 7-10 April 2010, pp. 511-520
summary Building Information Modelling (BIM) is expected to enable efficient collaboration, improved data integrity, distributed and flexible data sharing, intelligent documentation, and high-quality outcome, through enhanced performance analysis, and expedited multi-disciplinary planning and coordination. Despite these apparent benefits, the collaboration across the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) disciplines is largely based on the exchange of 2D drawings. This paper reports the findings from a research project that aims at developing measures to enhance BIM-based collaboration in the AEC industry. Based on focus group interviews with industry participants and case studies of BIM applications, visualisation was identified as an interactive platform across the design and non-design disciplines. It is argued that visualisation can enhance the motivation for BIM-based collaboration through integration of advanced visualisation techniques such as virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR). An AR interface for a BIM server is also presented and discussed in the paper. AR can open up potential opportunities for exploring alternatives to data representation, organisation and interaction, supporting seamless collaboration in BIM.
keywords BIM; augmented reality; design collaboration
series CAADRIA
email ning.gu@newcastle.edu.au
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

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