CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ecaadesigradi2019_322
id ecaadesigradi2019_322
authors Carl, Timo and Schein, Markus
year 2019
title Parametric Patchwork - Advancing the Development of an Organic Photovoltaic Carrier System through Various Computational Methods
source Sousa, JP, Xavier, JP and Castro Henriques, G (eds.), Architecture in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution - Proceedings of the 37th eCAADe and 23rd SIGraDi Conference - Volume 3, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, 11-13 September 2019, pp. 25-34
summary This paper presents a strategy for implementing computational methods in education to solve specific project related research challenges. In our case, we investigate novel solutions for Organic Photovoltaic Carrier Systems. Therefore, environmental forces (especially the sun and shade) are important design drivers in all projects. Whilst the individual projects are limited to one semester, it is our aim to advance and accumulate these patches within a longer-term research strategy. Especially design-build projects that include digital fabrication often require a skillset not always available in a design studio environment. Providing simple parametric patches frees up time for creative investigations and allows tackling projects that are more complex. In the following, we will present and discuss a series of patches developed over the course of five projects that became our case studies. We conclude, by identifying relevant aspects that might be generalized and evaluate our insights for others.
keywords Computational Design, Parametric Design Strategies, Environmental Design Parameters, CAAD education
series eCAADeSIGraDi
last changed 2019/08/26 20:28

_id d931
authors Gabryszewski, Artur B.
year 1999
title Idea of an Intelligent Building - Development Prospects
source Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 739-743
summary An ever-increasing number of offices as also residential buildings are being realised by designers and investors in accordance with the concept of an intelligent building. Houses of the new generation are being constructed. This is possible thanks to dynamic progress in the development of computer and microprocessor engineering techniques. Putting into reality the idea of the 'intelligent building' will become one of the most interesting assignments of Polish building industry in the rapidly approaching XXI century. The term 'intelligent building' first appeared in the eighties. The idea behind this conception is aspiring to create a friendly, work supporting, effective environment. The revolution in telecommunications and information technology along with change in the standards of office work, have caused computer networks and modem systems of automation and protection, to invade buildings. From the technical point of view, an intelligent building is an object in which all the subsystems co-operate with each other, forming a friendly environment for man. For users of an intelligent building, the most important issue is realisation of the following aims: object management which includes both control of human resources and automation systems in the building and also efficient management of the building space in such a way that the costs of its utilisation are minimised. The possibility of optional installation of modern systems and equipment should be facilitated by the architecture itself. Therefore, the specifics of all the building elements should be taken into account right at the designing stage. The following features characterise an intelligent building: integration of telecommunication systems in the building, central management and supervision system and utilisation of structural cabling as the carrier of signals controlling most of the systems in the building. Presently, there is no building in Poland that could be characterised by the three features mentioned.
keywords High-tech Architecture, Ecology, CAAD
series eCAADe
last changed 1999/10/10 12:52

_id bca4
authors Glaser, D., Warfield, R., Carrier, K., Lam, A., Yong, Y.,Canny, J., Ubbelohde, M. and Do, E.
year 2002
title Multi-Resolution Sky Visualization: Daylight Design and Design Tools
source Thresholds - Design, Research, Education and Practice, in the Space Between the Physical and the Virtual [Proceedings of the 2002 Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture / ISBN 1-880250-11-X] Pomona (California) 24-27 October 2002, pp. 251-261
summary This paper describes how building designers make sense of the sky and modern visualizationtechniques for representing them. The dialectic approach addresses technological innovation withrespect to existing social practices. This is done for two reasons—to illustrate where practices are andhow they can be extended with innovative technologies. It is shown that building designers maintainvarious levels of expertise for managing daylight design. Visualization prototypes are introduced alsowith different degrees of precision. The paper concludes with implications for the development ofdesign tools and use by building designers.
series ACADIA
last changed 2002/10/26 23:25

_id e902
authors Kadysz, A.
year 1996
title Alternative Space for Creation
source CAD Creativeness [Conference Proceedings / ISBN 83-905377-0-2] Bialystock (Poland), 25-27 April 1996 pp. 137-145
summary What is a computer in the hands of an architect? What it can develop into? This paper is an attempt at determining the main limitations and possibilities of the digital-circuit engineering with regard to the creation of three-dimensional forms. All the limitations seem to have a common reason, namely the user's lack of self-awareness. It is user who decides whether the instrument is just a secondary carrier of information about the designed object or whether it serves as a medium for the creation of three-dimensional designs, an environment for the incubation and presentation of the very idea. The reader will find here some remarks on creation in virtual space as a separate phenomenon of creating forms which are no longer restricted by reality. It presents a global computer network on the threshold of the era of three-dimensional virtual space with unlimited creation possibilities.
series plCAD
last changed 1999/04/09 13:30

_id 7e64
authors Koutamanis, Alexander
year 1999
title Approaches to the Integration of CAAD Education in the Electronic Era: Two Value Systems
source Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 238-243
summary In recent years the democratization of information and communication technologies (ICT) has become the greatest influence on the structure of CAAD education. While the content of the CAAD courses simply had to absorb the new technological possibilities, the structure of the courses and in particular their relationship to the rest of the curriculum has become the subject of speculation and experimentation. Integration of CAAD education in an architectural curriculum occurs either by (a) placing emphasis on designing in CAAD courses, or by (b)  integrating computing in design courses. Both approaches respond to the democratization of ICT by making design computing widely available and acceptable. Further improvement is possible if the student becomes the carrier of integration. This is based on the long-term amplification of two value systems. The first refers to personal cognition: rather than rewarding a student with the teacher's approval, educational goals should be translated into individual skills and knowledge. The second system addresses the values of the peer group: such groups support learning by comparison to other individuals and emerging communal characteristics, either as a result of competition or for reasons of assimilation.
keywords Education, Democracy, Personal Cognition
series eCAADe
last changed 1999/10/10 12:52

_id c5bc
authors Popova, Mina
year 1998
title Model of Design Parts and its Use to the Design Team
source CAADRIA ‘98 [Proceedings of The Third Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 4-907662-009] Osaka (Japan) 22-24 April 1998, pp. 233-242
summary This paper discusses the impact of the choice of representation on the final result in design and construction projects. Representation is an integrated part of the design process used by architects as a communication tool to help them present a concept to their clients and other consultants. The representation choice, in addition, reflects the professional’s perception of the design process and the architectural artefact. Architects’ offices work with a wide range of problems - aesthetic and spatial issues, detailing, choice of materials, and systems design. The multiplicity of representations enriches the understanding of these issues. Today, the model-oriented approach in design is common among both architects and leading software producers for the construction industry. While STEP (Standard for the Exchange of Product Data) aims at developing very comprehensive product models, we examine the possibility of building up a small-scale model responding to the information needs of a design team. In our research work, we view a model of design parts as a suitable carrier of information allowing the designers to store data reflecting their accumulated and refined professional knowledge and experience. Besides, the team of architects can later easily retrieve information needed for future design reuse from the model. To reuse design solutions and learn from previous work is an essential part of the professional culture. The construction industry as a whole has been slow in implementing information technology to improve the work methods. Neither have architects’ offices used the full potential of this technology to structure information and rationalize the design process. The objective of this study is to examine whether information technology makes it possible to organize all the design information in an office archive. The proposed model of design parts relates to national standards and universal models for product data representation and exchange, such as STEP. Today, the construction sector is becoming increasingly aware of the potential of the model-oriented approach both to rationalize the design and construction process and offer designers new options to store, broaden and reuse professional knowledge. We have used the information modelling language EXPRESS to describe our concept.
keywords Design and Construction Process, Model-oriented Approach, Representation, Information Technology, STEP
series CAADRIA
last changed 1998/12/02 13:32

_id acadia18_250
id acadia18_250
authors Seibold, Zach; Grinham, Jonathan; Geletina, Olga; Ahanotu, Onyemaechi; Sayegh, Allen; Weaver, James; Bechthold, Martin
year 2018
title Fluid Equilibrium: Material Computation in Ferrofluidic Castings
source ACADIA // 2018: Recalibration. On imprecisionand infidelity. [Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-17729-7] Mexico City, Mexico 18-20 October, 2018, pp. 250-259
summary We present a computationally-based manufacturing process that allows for variable pattern casting through the use of ferrofluid – a mixture of suspended magnetic nanoparticles in a carrier liquid. The capacity of ferrofluid to form intricate spike and labyrinthine packing structures from ferrohydrodynamic instabilities is well recognized in industry and popular science. In this paper we employ these instabilities as a mold for the direct casting of rigid materials with complex periodic features. Furthermore, using a bitmap-based computational workflow and an array of high-strength neodymium magnets with linear staging, we demonstrate the ability to program the macro-scale pattern formation by modulating the magnetic field density within a single cast. Using this approach, it is possible to program specific patterns in the resulting cast tiles at both the micro- and macro-scale and thus generate tiled arrays with predictable halftone-like image features. We demonstrate the efficacy of this approach for a variety of materials typically used in the architecture, engineering, and construction industries (AEC) including epoxys, ceramics, and cements.
keywords full paper, materials & adaptive systems, digital fabrication, digital materials, physics
series ACADIA
type paper
last changed 2019/01/07 11:22

_id caadria2017_175
id caadria2017_175
authors Smolik, Andrei, Chang, Tengwen and Datta, Sambit
year 2017
title Prototyping Responsive Carrier-Component Envelopes
source P. Janssen, P. Loh, A. Raonic, M. A. Schnabel (eds.), Protocols, Flows, and Glitches - Proceedings of the 22nd CAADRIA Conference, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China, 5-8 April 2017, pp. 521-528
summary The capacity to respond dynamically to changes in external and internal environments open new possibilities in the interaction between buildings, humans and the environment. The development of dynamic envelopes requires the integration of various systems- geometric, structural, and electronic-responsive and their interaction. The paper reports the results from the "Dynamic Cloud Project" and presents a design and fabrication methodology to integrate kinetic behaviour with material constraints; the simulation of responses by connecting components with programmable input and behaviour. The paper presents a modular, component-driven systems construction based on a carrier-component surface geometry called responsive carrier-component envelope (RCCE) and describes the modelling, fabrication and assembly of such envelopes. The protocols developed in the project are reported in the paper and highlight the opportunities and consequences of how local components relate to the whole carrier envelope with multiple constraints and scale considerations. The results of the prototyping and experimentation with this project are reported in the paper. The paper also discusses future applications of the research and outlines new possibilities and design opportunities in prototyping responsive carrier-component envelopes.
keywords Dynamic envelope; carrier component mesh; sensor interaction; interactive architecture; digital fabrication
series CAADRIA
last changed 2017/05/09 08:05

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