CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ecaade2012_163
id ecaade2012_163
authors Barbosa, Wilson; Araújo, André; Carvalho, Guilherme; Celani, Gabriela
year 2012
title Samba Reception Desk: Compromising Aesthetics, Fabrication and Structural Performance in the Design Process
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-3-7, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 255-263
summary The present paper describes an integrative design experiment in which different types of models were used in order to achieve a design that compromises aesthetics, lightness, fabrication, assembly and structural performance. It shows how an integrative approach, through the use of both virtual and physical models, can provide valuable feedback in different phases of the design and fabrication process. It was possible to conclude that the design method used allowed solving many problems and had a significant impact in the resulting object.
wos WOS:000330320600025
keywords Design process; structural analysis; parametric design; digital fabrication; integrative design; models in design
series eCAADe
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id sigradi2017_034
id sigradi2017_034
authors Barrozo do Amaral Villares, Alexandre; Daniel de Carvalho Moreira
year 2017
title Python on the Landscape of Programming Tools for Design and Architectural Education
source SIGraDi 2017 [Proceedings of the 21th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-227-439-5] Chile, Concepción 22 - 24 November 2017, pp.237-241
summary Currently most professional modeling and computer graphics software packages embed a scripting language. This is an early report on collecting data about software applications and coding tools geared towards the educational environment, preparing a listing for further evaluation and analysis of platforms. An increase in the adoption of Python as the embedded scripting syntax in many established tools can already be recognized, therefore the creation of educational materials on Python for design and architectural education merits further attention. Other insights on the educational potential of the available tools might be gained by advancing the data collection and evaluation work.
keywords Education; Design; Architecture; Programming; Python.
series SIGraDi
last changed 2018/07/27 08:05

_id sigradi2009_947
id sigradi2009_947
authors Brasil, Aléxia Carvalho; Aiade Guerra; Ana Carolina Barros; Cibele Bonfim; Hortênsia Gadelha; Rebeca Gaspar
year 2009
title Os novos meios e o ensino de projeto [Teaching project with new media]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary This paper aims to develop a reflection about the methodology of design project education mediated by new medias, analyzing the intervention of a digital environment in the design projectual students. From a critical evaluation of the desires of faculty and students of the Course of Architecture and Urbanism, Federal University of Ceará, examines the possibilities of establishing new methodologies and technologies into teaching practices of the studio project. Through the reflections encouraged, this paper seeks to underscore the importance of awareness against the anachronism of the technological education of Architecture and Urbanism in most of the schools in Brazil.
keywords project teaching; new media; digital studio
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2003_135
id sigradi2003_135
authors Breutmann, B., Fernández, M., Piegari, R., Guerrero, R., Borda Almeida da Silva, A. , Rodríguez Félix, N., Pina, A., Serón Arbeloa, F., Latorre Andrés, P. Vaz de Carvalho, C. and Payssé, M.
year 2003
title Proyecto Red Alfa T-GAME (Teaching computer Graphics And MultimEdia) (Alfa Network Project T-GAME (Teaching Computer Graphics and Multimedia))
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary T-GAME Project integrates the academical achievement of eight European and Latin American universities in order to design a series of interdisciplinaries courses, related to computer graphics, to be assumed in new standard and post grade plans of study by those universities.
keywords Teaching, computer graphics, multimedia, interdisciplinary
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2005_355
id sigradi2005_355
authors Breutmann, Bernd; Mónica Inés Fernández, Ricardo Piégari, Roberto Guerrero, Adriane Borda Almeida da Silva, Neusa Rodrigues Félix, Alfredo Pina, Lore Huizi, Francisco José Serón Arbeloa, Pedro Latorre Andrés, Carlos Vaz de Carvalho, Marcelo Payssé Alvarez, Juan Pablo Portillo Burghi
year 2005
title Project “Network Alfa T-GAME L3: teaching computer graphics and multimedia, long-life learning” - Institutional and interdisciplinary outreach university services.
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 1, pp. 355-361
summary The T-GAME L3 project intends to establish the possibility of cooperation within institutions focusing activities in the realm of continuous development in the area of Digital Graphics by making use: of new technologies, methods and learning processes related to half-time distance and total distance teaching. The programs offered will be customized to each particular country and academic environment by sharing the digital teaching resources of the network members. This will allow an academic program of formative continuity. Based on the seminar’s subject, our visualization sense will be a basic component for a massive training of an educational program, proposing a model of institutional outreach university service. This will allow for the presentation of contents oriented to distance learning in the field of Architecture. [Full paper in Spanish]
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2010_100
id sigradi2010_100
authors Cardoso, Daniel Ribeiro;Oliveira Limaverde Maira; Carvalho Cavalcante Sofia
year 2010
title Uma experiência de projeto colaborativo [An experience of collaborative project]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 100-103
summary The purpose of this paper is to describe work based on new techniques for collaborative projects, which were created and are being used to carry out the architectural design of the structure that will host a gathering of students of architecture and urbanism that will take place in January, 2011, in the state of Ceara, Brazil.
keywords architecture; design process; collaborative process; digital media; new media.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id sigradi2012_372
id sigradi2012_372
authors Carvalho, Guilherme; Araújo, André Luís; Barbosa, Wilson; Noritomi, Pedro; Oliveira, Marcelo; Celani, Gabriela
year 2012
title Avaliação Comparativa de Aplicativos de Análise Estrutural Vinculados ao Ambiente de Modelagem Paramétrica: estudo de caso utilizando o plug-in Scan-and-Solve para Rhinoceros [Comparative between software for structural analysis linked to parametric modeling environment: case study with the plug-in Scan-and-Solve for Rhinoceros]
source SIGraDi 2012 [Proceedings of the 16th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Brasil - Fortaleza 13-16 November 2012, pp. 348-351
summary This paper evaluates the use of Scan-and-Solve plug-in for structural analysis in Rhinoceros’s environment. A reception desk parametrically modeled was evaluated with Scan-and-Solve and with Ansys. From the results, we concluded that the main difference between the programs is that Ansys allows more detailed definition of the connections between parts of the object. Besides the virtual models, the results were showed with a physical model printed with the rapid prototypes techniques. The paper describes the integration of parametric modeling, structural analysis and rapid prototyping procedures in the design process.
keywords Finite elements, Structural analysis, Scan-and-Solve; Ansys; Rapid prototyping
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id ecaadesigradi2019_592
id ecaadesigradi2019_592
authors Carvalho, Jo?o, Figueiredo, Bruno and Cruz, Paulo
year 2019
title Free-form Ceramic Vault System - Taking ceramic additive manufacturing to real scale
source Sousa, JP, Xavier, JP and Castro Henriques, G (eds.), Architecture in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution - Proceedings of the 37th eCAADe and 23rd SIGraDi Conference - Volume 1, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, 11-13 September 2019, pp. 485-492
summary The use of Additive Manufacturing (AM) for the production of architectural components has more and more examples attesting the possibilities and the advantages of its application. At the same time we seen a fast grow of the usage of ceramic materials to produce fully customised architectural components using Layer Deposition Modelling (LDM) [1] techniques. However, the use of this material, as paste, leads to a series of constraints relative to its behaviour when in the viscous state, but also in the drying and firing stages. Thus, when ceramic dries, the retraction effects may be a barrier to the regular use of this material to build future architectural systems. In this sense, it is important to study the material behaviour and know how to control and use it as a primary construction material. To do that we present the challenges and outcomes of project Hexashade, a ceramic vault shading system prototype whose geometry and internal structure is defined according to the solar incidence. This paper explain how we expect to build a real scale self-supporting prototype.
keywords Ceramic 3D printing; Additive Manufacturing; Vaulting Systems; Parametric Design; Performative Design
series eCAADeSIGraDi
last changed 2019/08/26 20:25

_id sigradi2003_042
id sigradi2003_042
authors Carvalho, Silvana and Corso, Gilberto
year 2003
title Áreas Livres para Ocupação Urbana em Salvador (Free areas for urban occuoation in Salvador)
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary This work has as main objective to show that Geoprocessing technologies can increase the Urban Planning actions, being a great help to the professionals that work daily with urban space data. For that it was looked for to develop a work methodology, using those technologies, to identify Free Areas for Urban Occupation in Salvador city. The resulting maps of this work intend to be study object for understanding urban space of Salvador and how the city can address its growth and development.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id sigradi2003_108
id sigradi2003_108
authors de Carvalho, Leonardo Ventapane P.
year 2003
title Z-13, Vídeo-Imaginação (Z-13, Video-Imagination)
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary This paper aims to discuss the importance of the participation of the creative imagination, and of the digital media as well, in the stages of the visual creation. Here the movement and the subtle alteration of the videoimage are devices which open up the project to experimentation and mistake.
keywords Creative imagination, video, mobility, digital
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id 9403
authors De Carvalho, Silvana Sá
year 2000
title A Telemática e o Meio Técnico- Científico-Informacional: Um Olhar sobre o Urbano (Telematics and Technical Scientific-Information Environment: An Urban View)
source SIGraDi’2000 - Construindo (n)o espacio digital (constructing the digital Space) [4th SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 85-88027-02-X] Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 25-28 september 2000, pp. 160-162
summary The instantaneous nature of globalized information has brought places closer together and homogenized space, eliminating regional differences. Contemporary urban architecture and the technical-scientific- informational quality of the human-made environment innovates the rationality of the dominant actors in society. The field of telecommunications has developed substantially in the last 30 years, and today we are participants in a digital era, that has not only shortened distances but revolutionized the concepts of time and space. Telematics is a fundamental element of cities at the end of the millennium and has become a new instrument of social control. Electronic vigilance systems, as an application of telematics, are now widely used in cities, and a new urban space is being configured based on this dynamic. This paper is an introductory essay on the topic, which is essential in the understanding of urban spatial dynamics, and its objective is to point out fields for future research.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id sigradi2013_184
id sigradi2013_184
authors de Sousa Checcucci, Érica; Ana Paula Carvalho Pereira; Arivaldo Leão de Amorim
year 2013
title Modelagem da Informação da Construção (BIM) no Ensino de Arquitetura [Building Information Modeling (BIM) on Architecture Teaching]
source SIGraDi 2013 [Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Chile - Valparaíso 20 - 22 November 2013, pp. 307 - 311
summary This paper discusses the experience of the initial phase of introduction of the BIM paradigm in the undergraduate program in Architecture and Urbanism (evening course) of FAUFBA. We started from the premise that BIM should be adopted gradually and integrated with the various subjects of the course, and should be initiated through the disciplines of graphic representation. The proposal for this course is presented and practices are discussed, as they were experienced in the discipline of Computing and Design II, which deals with this paradigm. It was observed that BIM process requires significant changes, as it encountered some initial resistance from the students. However, this approach increases the understanding of building and facilitates the project documentation. Furthermore, the understanding of the scope of the paradigm was crucial to the effective use of the adopted tool.
keywords Architectural education; Building Information Modeling (BIM); TIC; Design teaching
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id ecaade2018_295
id ecaade2018_295
authors Dezen-Kempter, Eloisa, Cogima, Camila Kimi, Vieira de Paiva, Pedro Victor and Garcia de Carvalho, Marco Antonio
year 2018
title BIM for Heritage Documentation - An ontology-based approach
source Kepczynska-Walczak, A, Bialkowski, S (eds.), Computing for a better tomorrow - Proceedings of the 36th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland, 19-21 September 2018, pp. 213-222
summary In the recent decades, the high-resolution remote sensing, through 3D laser scanning and photogrammetry benefited historic buildings maintenance, conservation, and restoration works. However, the dense surface models (DSM) generated from the data capture have nonstructured features as lack of topology and semantic discretization. The process to create a semantically oriented 3D model from the DSM, using the of Building Information Model technology, is a possibility to integrate historical information about the life cycle of the building to maintain and improving architectural valued building stock to its functional level and safeguarding its outstanding historical value. Our approach relies on an ontology-based system to represent the knowledge related to the building. Our work outlines a model-driven approach based on the hybrid data acquisition, its post-processing, the identification of the building' main features for the parametric modeling, and the development of an ontological map integrated with the BIM model. The methodology proposed was applied to a large-scale industrial historical building, located in Brazil. The DSM were compared, providing a qualitative assessment of the proposed method.
keywords Reality-based Surveying; Ontology-based System; BIM; Built heritage management
series eCAADe
last changed 2018/07/24 10:23

_id sigradi2007_af96
id sigradi2007_af96
authors Griz, Cristiana; Gisele de Carvalho; Angélika Peixoto
year 2007
title Cognitive Ergonomy: A combination of many didactics resources for the Architectural Drawing teaching [Ergonomia Cognitiva: A combinação de diversos recursos didáticos no ensino do Desenho Arquitetônico]
source SIGraDi 2007 - [Proceedings of the 11th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] México D.F. - México 23-25 October 2007, pp. 35-40
summary This work aims to present the importance of several didactic resources combination in the Architectural Drawing teaching, following the Cognitive Ergonomics concepts. From these concepts, we revised and modified the discipline teaching methodology, altering the techniques and the used technological resources. The combination of graphic software (generic, specific, tutorial) and physical models, demonstrate that the information driven to the specific interests of students improved the results in relation to productivity and satisfaction in the accomplishment of the tasks (learning). A partial evaluation of the discipline showed an improvement in: attendance, students' understanding, interaction among them, interest and more elaborated final results.
keywords Architectural Drawing; Cognitive Ergonomy; Didactic Technology
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id ijac201715303
id ijac201715303
authors Griz, Cristiana; Luiz Amorim, Leticia Mendes, Maria Augusta Holanda and Thais Carvalho
year 2017
title A Customization Grammar: Describing the customization process of apartment design
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 15 - no. 3, 203-214
summary This article introduces the concept of Customization Grammar, an analytical shape grammar that describes the alterations introduced by homeowners to high-standard apartments before occupation. This is viewed as a contemporary phenomenon that reveals the incompatibility between social demands and housing units offered by the current real estate market in Recife, Brazil. It is expected that the proposed grammar could support mass customization design procedures and able to generate suitable housing units to current and future lifestyles.
keywords Shape grammar, apartment customization design, contemporary lifestyles
series journal
last changed 2019/08/07 12:03

_id sigradi2016_512
id sigradi2016_512
authors Griz, Cristiana; Mendes, Letícia; Amorim, Luiz; Holanda, Maria Augusta; Carvalho, Thais
year 2016
title O meu modo de morar: uma gramática para reformar projetos de apartamentos [My way of living: a grammar to reform apartment projects]
source SIGraDi 2016 [Proceedings of the 20th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Argentina, Buenos Aires 9 - 11 November 2016, pp.727-733
summary This paper presents part of the results of an investigation which main goal is to propose strategies to guide the design of high standards apartment projects, in order to facilitate the implementation of reforms. The starting point came from a research which measured how projects proposed by the real estate market (Original Projects - OPs) were customized, resulting in Reformed Projects (RPs). This step is dedicated to the development of the Reform Grammar (GR), which, although it purports to guide future reforms, goals to identify reform patterns most used in the customization process.
keywords Shape grammar; Apartment projects; Ways of living
series SIGraDi
last changed 2017/06/21 12:19

_id ecaade2009_113
id ecaade2009_113
authors Henriques, Gonçalo Castro; Duarte, José Pinto; Brito, António Carvalho
year 2009
title TetraScript: Development of an Integrated System Capable of Optimizing Light in a Circumscribed Space
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 31-38
summary The purpose of this research is to develop a process capable of optimizing the capture of light in a circumscribed space, using a responsive system of skylights. Research is focused on the design of irregular dome-like pavilion spaces circumscribed by curved surfaces, but the envisioned process might be applied to other functional, formal, and spatial typologies. The design of the pavilion starts with the generation of a surface, later tessellated into a matrix of skylights depending on the geographic location and sun orientation. In the constructed pavilion, the skylights react to the variation of daylight intensity during the day to satisfy specified internal lighting needs. Simultaneously, the integration of conception and fabrication using digital tools (CAD-CAM) facilitates the construction of a non-standard, parametric geometry, thereby diminishing the costs of production and allowing for personalization, while assuring global sustainability.
wos WOS:000334282200002
keywords Scripting, digital fabrication, automation, responsive system
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2018_1473
id sigradi2018_1473
authors Kimi Cogima, Camila; V. V. de Paiva, Pedro; Dezen-Kempter, Eloisa; G. De Carvalho, Marco Antonio
year 2018
title Digital scanning and BIM modeling for modern architecture preservation: the Oscar Niemeyer’s Church of Saint Francis of Assisi
source SIGraDi 2018 [Proceedings of the 22nd Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISSN: 2318-6968] Brazil, São Carlos 7 - 9 November 2018, pp. 457-462
summary The Building Information Modelling (BIM) technology enabled improvement in the design, construction and maintenance stages highly. In the field of existing buildings, including historical assets, this technology has not yet had the same impact. This paper presents a methodology to create an intelligent digital model for an outstanding building from modern architecture in Brazil using multiple reality-based technologies. The fusion of the different point cloud raw data generated a high-resolution Dense Surface Model (DSM), the base of an accurate and detailed parametric Model. This study demonstrated the potential of digital surveying, including low-cost sensors, and BIM for built heritage documentation.
keywords Reality-based surveying; Point cloud; As-is model; Building Information Modelling; Modern Heritage
series SIGraDi
last changed 2019/05/20 09:13

_id eaea2015_t1_paper05
id eaea2015_t1_paper05
authors Lobo de Carvalho, Jose Maria; Heitor, Teresa
year 2015
title The Adaptive Reuse of the Arco do Cego ancient Car-Barn Structure in Lisbon
source ENVISIONING ARCHITECTURE: IMAGE, PERCEPTION AND COMMUNICATION OF HERITAGE [ISBN 978-83-7283-681-6],Lodz University of Technology, 23-26 September 2015, pp.61-70
summary This paper presents the example of the reconversion of an important tram station from the origins of electricity in Portugal that was still in use until the late 1990’s but became redundant since then. Its significant urban presence and the importance of preserving the memory of the old trams that were still in use some years ago in Lisbon, led to an innovative solution, combining public value and heritage protection. In 2011, the Lisbon City Council agreed to give the building and its site for university use, namely to be transformed into a student’s facility, as a study, leisure, recreational and cultural space of the IST, open 24h a day. This new university building, located just one block away from the traditional IST compound, was called IST Learning Center and extended the notion of campus outside its walls and into the city’s urban fabric.
keywords reconversion; university; tram
series EAEA
last changed 2016/04/22 09:52

_id sigradi2005_377
id sigradi2005_377
authors Lopes de Carvalho, Gisele; Ney Dantas, Cleide Farias de Medeiros
year 2005
title Cognitive environments for design: a relational study among traditional and digital media in the conception of the architectural project
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 1, pp. 377-384
summary This research investigates the cognitive design processes used by architects in conceptualizing design ideas using traditional and digital media. Data were gathered from: an initial design process of two groups of individuals using both design media to complete two videotaped isomorphic tasks; questionnaires; analysis of the retrospective verbal protocols about these tasks. The results indicate that the traditional media still presents advantages against the digital media due to limitations on the state of the art of hardware and software and on the lack of understanding and well handling of the computer by the architects. Some advantages related to the use of traditional media were: it furnishes the architect with more comprehensive perception regarding the relationships between visual, spatial and organizational aspects of the design process, whilst stimulating the production of several alternative solutions, avoiding, therefore, premature crystallizations of design solutions, and a more comprehensive understanding of the design tasks. [Full paper in Portuguese]
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

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