CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ddss9817
id ddss9817
authors Demirel, Füsun
year 1998
title A Case Study on a Neighbourhood unitPlanning in Ankara-Turkey
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Fourth Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning Maastricht, the Netherlands), ISBN 90-6814-081-7, July 26-29, 1998
summary In this study a neighborhood unit which contains 700 dwelling of 6 different types is planned in Ankara- TURKEY. The site is at the outside of the boundaries of the main city and it is designed with regard toall daily facilities exept the workplace. This case study is limited to neighborhood units of 3500 persons and incorporates a kindergarden, primary school, health center, shopping center, playgrounds, playfieldand library within the housing area. The proposed settlement is planned or the middle, and uppermiddle socio-economic classes. The housing project provides its users 6 types of dwellings for their choice: 2 from the houses and 4 from the appartment blocks. They can decide the most suitable typeconsidering the finance and use. The houses are clustered together to encourage social and economical relation of the people living in them.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id ddss9816
id ddss9816
authors Demirel, Füsun
year 1998
title A Research on Housing in Ankara-Turkey
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Fourth Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning Maastricht, the Netherlands), ISBN 90-6814-081-7, July 26-29, 1998
summary The subject of this research contains an opinionnaire study and its results obtained from 30 houses in Ankara-TURKEY in which the people have middle and upper middle income so as to identify their favourites and criticsm about housing, regarding to their both houses and environment as well as tomake the definition of ideal houses and environment. Totally 30 subjects of which 21 are female and 9 are male which represent middle and upper middle incomed people. The average age of the subjects whose age range vary between 21 and 70 is 41. In the study, firstly, the opinionnaire questions were prepared and the housing in which the middle and upper middle incomed people live were determined as socio-economic level to be examined. Next permission and time reservation were requested fromthe owner's of housing to implement the study. During the times which have been determined by the subjects, the following procedure has been followed reading of the opinionnaire forms by myself and recording of responses of the subjects exactly, drawing of reliefs and plans of house, taking pictures of outer views and surroundings of housings. Tendencies of users' against various conditions have been transformed into numerical values from 1 to 7 in a scale with 7 column. In the light of above information; Considering the country conditions it was observed that these housing were excessivelylarge and were built for ostentation purposes, not for functional purposes. Usefulness, that is to say, design of house is in the bottom of the criteria list and it is not an important factor to choose the house, form another part of interesting findings of this study. Another significant result has been observed due to users desire about their house. Although the rising of design which was in 6th rank among the reasons to prefer a house was not an effective criteria on users' attitudes merely to have ahouse, this criteria was the 1st rank (87 %) among reasons due to the advantages that were provided for the users with respected to design and functionality as a result of meticulous studies of architects.Users' criticisms on their vicinity have shown variations according to their sexes.As a result of this research that were initiated to define the ideal house and environment concepts; interesting and detailed data about users' tendencies in the scope of both house and settling are available in "Findings" part of this study. Rising of desing criteria which was the 6 th rank amongcriteria's to choose a house, to 1st rank has brought the following conclusion: since the users are not able to act consciously due to the consideration of the properly owing action much more important,the main duty here is performed by the planner. Hence, starting from the assumption that users living in housings are extremely sensitive to their houses and especially environments, provision of public participation via this kind of opinionnaire studies while creating new environments, may contribute to create such environments in which people can live.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id sigradi2018_1563
id sigradi2018_1563
authors Karaoglan Cemre, Füsun; Alaçam, Sema
year 2018
title Design of a Post-Disaster Temporary Living Space Through the Use of Shape Evolution
source SIGraDi 2018 [Proceedings of the 22nd Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISSN: 2318-6968] Brazil, São Carlos 7 - 9 November 2018, pp. 191-198
summary As the increasing number of disasters taking place each year result in a larger number of people in need of urgent sheltering, temporary shelters become a more critical subject of architectural design. With this in mind, the aim of this study is to design a temporary post-disaster living space for the displaced people. Towards this aim, 2D layout possibilities are generated and evaluated with genetic algorithms. Different from the previous studies, the project focuses on the potential use of shape evolution and multi-objective genetic algorithms for the design of a disaster relief shelter. The results are expected to produce a holistic digital model that can respond to different post-disaster scenarios.
keywords Computational design; Emergency architecture; Genetic algorithms; Modularity; Mass customization
series SIGraDi
last changed 2019/05/20 09:13

_id ijac201917204
id ijac201917204
authors Karaoglan Füsun Cemre and Sema Alaçam
year 2019
title Design of a post-disaster shelter through soft computing
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 17 - no. 2, 185-205
summary Temporary shelters become a more critical subject of architectural design as the increasing number of natural disasters taking place each year result in a larger number of people in need of urgent sheltering. Therefore, this project focuses on designing a temporary living space that can respond to the needs of different post-disaster scenarios and form a modular system through differentiation of units. When designing temporary shelters, it is a necessity to deal with the provision of materials, low-cost production and the time limit in the emergency as well as the needs of the users and the experiential quality of the space. Although computational approaches might lead to much more efficient and resilient design solutions, they have been utilized in very few examples. For that reason and due to their suitability to work with architectural design problems, soft computing methods shape the core of the methodology of the study. Initially, a digital model is generated through a set of rules that define a growth algorithm. Then, Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithms alter this growth algorithm while evaluating different configurations through the objective functions constructed within a Fuzzy Neural Tree. The struggle to represent design goals in the form of Fuzzy Neural Tree holds potential for the further use of it for architectural design problems centred on resilience. Resilience in this context is defined as a measure of how agile a design is when dealing with a major sheltering need in a post-disaster environment. Different from the previous studies, this article aims to focus on the design of a temporary shelter that can respond to different user types and disaster scenarios through mass customization, using Fuzzy Neural Tree as a novel approach. While serving as a temporary space, the design outcomes are expected to create a more neighbourhood-like pattern with a stronger sense of community for the users compared to the previous examples.
keywords Humanitarian design, emergency architecture, computational design, Fuzzy Neural Tree, Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithms
series journal
last changed 2019/08/07 12:04

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