CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id sigradi2013_183
id sigradi2013_183
authors Andino, Dulce; Sheng-Fen Chien
year 2013
title Embedding Shape Grammars in a Parametric Design Software
source SIGraDi 2013 [Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Chile - Valparaíso 20 - 22 November 2013, pp. 202 - 206
summary The Garifuna are a group of people that live on the northern coast of Honduras and the coast of Belize. They have a very distinct and vibrant culture. Minority cultures are currently absorbed by mainstreamed cultures and the Garifuna ethnicity is directly influenced by this phenomenon. In this research it is of special concern to encapsulate Garifuna vernacular architecture by means of shape grammars. The research provides a clear documentation of the grammars implemented in Grasshopper, as well as discusses about the issues of embedding shape grammars in the Rhino/Grasshopper environment.
keywords Garifuna; shape grammar; Parametric shape grammars; Grasshopper
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2014_347
id sigradi2014_347
authors Cardellino, Paula; Claudio Araneda
year 2014
title Mapeo Vivencial del Fenómeno Enseñanza - Aprendizaje en el Espacio de Aula Escolar – El Caso de Uruguay [Sensorial Mapping of the Teaching – Learning Phenomena in the Classroom Space – The Case of Uruguay]
source SIGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 144-145
summary Children are entitled to equal access to education; this applies to the classroom setting. The classroom size, shape and layout are commonly taken for granted and little consideration is taken to how this affects the learning experience. This paper argues that the traditional classroom environment does not allow for equal interaction between teachers and pupils. Preliminary findings of a case study in 4 classrooms in Uruguay are presented. The conclusions suggest that not all pupils in the classroom receive quality interaction with the teacher. A more comprehensive approach to designing spaces that are conducive to learning will benefit this interaction.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id caadria2009_000
id caadria2009_000
authors Chang, Teng-Wen; Eric Champion, Sheng-Fen Chien and Shang-Chia Chiou(eds.)
year 2009
title CAADRIA 2009 - Between Man and Machine
source Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Yunlin (Taiwan) 22-25 April 2009, 795p.
summary Digital designing takes place through processes of interaction between human designers and computers. As such, its location is the in-between, a shared realm of conversation where capabilities of both man and machine are amplified. CAADRIA 2009 addresses this conversation in terms of three perspectives that drive both research and practice in the computer-aided architectural design field: Digital design as integrating, intuitive and intelligent. CAADRIA 2009 aimed to provide a forum in which ideas pertaining to these notions can be explored, discussed and developed. l Digital design is integrative. With the diverse and fast speed of the global economy in the 21st century, the barrier between different disciplines is being overcome digitally. The integration of multiple disciplines is crucial for facing the next wave of global challenges. l Digital Design is intuitive. With advanced computational technology, how humans will cooperate with machines after the computing era will surely become the next challenge for all computational design-related researchers. Intuitive interaction or computing design is the second theme addressed in CAADRIA 2009. l Digital Design is Intelligent. With artificial intelligence, design intelligence is the third theme we would like to address this year. We wish to challenge global researchers to provide a smart and responsive environment for improving our lives and stimulating our economy in innovative ways.
series CAADRIA
type normal paper
last changed 2009/05/17 09:10

_id caadria2009_154
id caadria2009_154
authors Chiang, Shuo-Tao; Sheng-Fen Chien
year 2009
title Notes on Designing Multi-Display spaces
source Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Yunlin (Taiwan) 22-25 April 2009, pp. 461-470
summary This research attempts to integrate a new technology–Multi- Display Environment (MDE)–into the design and creation of new architectural spaces–multi-display spaces. The research objective is to formulate a set of design guidelines that advise designers on the effective use of the MDE technology, so that the technology may become a new design element and enables designers to show amplification effects of spaces. Two empirical studies are conducted. Based on the results of empirical studies, a set of multi-display space design guidelines is formulated with three key aspects: scene selection, display allocation and display arrangement. The design guidelines require further validations through practical applications. Nevertheless, the research introduces a new design element for designers to think about the future of architectural spaces with more opportunities and possibilities.
keywords Multi-display environments; spatial cognition; design guidelines
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id 2698
authors Chien, Sheng Fen and Flemming, Ulrich
year 1997
title Information Navigation in Generative Design Systems
source CAADRIA ‘97 [Proceedings of the Second Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 957-575-057-8] Taiwan 17-19 April 1997, pp. 355-365
summary Generative design systems take an active part in the generation of computational design models. They make it easier for designers to explore conceptual alternatives, but the amount of information generated during a design session can become very large. Intelligent navigation aids are needed to enable designers to access the information with ease and low cognitive loads. We present an approach to support navigation in generative design systems. Our approach takes account of studies related to navigation in physical environments as well as information navigation in electronic media. Results of studies from the physical environment and electronic media reveal that 1) people exhibit similar cognitive behaviours (spatial cognition and the use of spatial knowledge) while navigating in physical and information spaces; and 2) the information space lacks legibility and imageability. The proposed information navigation model take these findings into account.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2003/02/26 16:24

_id 64be
authors Chien, Sheng-Fen
year 2000
title A Pilot Study of Using Generative Systems in Architectural Design Process
source CAADRIA 2000 [Proceedings of the Fifth Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 981-04-2491-4] Singapore 18-19 May 2000, pp. 135-144
summary This paper presents a pilot study about impacts that a generative system may have on the architectural design process. The study contains two empirical experiments. The generation experiment studies how experienced and novice designers will utilize such a design system. The formulation/generation experiment observes the problem formulation and solution generation behaviors of less experienced designers. Results of these experiments highlight two issues that require further investigations: 1) domain expertise and modes of interaction that concerns the implementation of future generative systems; and 2) learning through interaction that addresses the use of generative systems in education.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2000/08/07 07:11

_id caadria2009_131
id caadria2009_131
authors Chien, Sheng-Fen
year 2009
title Smart Building Products
source Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Yunlin (Taiwan) 22-25 April 2009, pp. 695-703
summary The research effort presented here is based on the view of emergent behaviors. The aim is to develop smart building products each of which is independent, self-sufficient and with very limited intelligence. Using “Basic Building Block” as a platform, three building products, interactive louvers, see-through wall panel, and sensible floor tile are developed to illustrate the emergent smart behavior. These smart building products contain intelligent technologies that can be implemented into existing buildings incrementally without having to perform major renovations.
keywords Building products; smart technology; emergent behavior; distributed intelligence
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id cf2013_198
id cf2013_198
authors Chien, Sheng-Fen
year 2013
title An Emergent Smart House
source Global Design and Local Materialization[Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 978-3-642-38973-3] Shanghai, China, July 3-5, 2013, pp. 198-209.
summary This paper describes a conceptual model of smart buildings as ecosystem of lean components. The smartness of a building should be an emergent property of many interacting lean components rather than a pre-programmed coordination of actions. A prototype smart house of software simulation and hardware experiment is presented.
keywords Smart building, complex system, emergence, lean thinking
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2014/03/24 06:08

_id ecaade2012_223
id ecaade2012_223
authors Chien, Sheng-Fen ; Yeh, Yee-Tai
year 2012
title On Creativity and Parametric Design: A preliminary study of designer’s behaviour when employing parametric design tools
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 245-253
wos WOS:000330322400024
summary This research explores the relationship between unexpected outcomes generated through parametric design tools and the design creative process. We conducted an empirical study to observe how designers behave while encountering unexpected outcomes using parametric design tools as well as other kinds of design tools. From our study, there are some indications that the space of possible design solutions of the participants was expanded with the existence of unexpected outcomes. The preliminary result is encouraging. Further studies may need to address experience designers and novice designers separately.
keywords Parametric design; unexpected outcome; creativity; protocol analysis
series eCAADe
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id 4e8c
authors Chien, Sheng-Fen and Flemming, Ulrich
year 2001
title Design space navigation in generative design systems
source Automation in Construction 11 (1) (2002) pp. 1-22
summary Generative design systems make it easier for designers to generate and explore design alternatives, but the amount of information generated during a design session can become very large. Intelligent navigation aids are needed if designers wish to access the information they generate with ease. We present a comprehensive approach to support information navigation in requirement-driven generative design systems, which gain their power form explicit representations of design requirements, which in turn add to the information generated by the system. Our approach takes into account studies dealing with human spatial cognition, wayfinding in physical environments, and information navigation in electronic media. We structure the information to be accessed in terms of a five-dimensional design space model that applies across generative design systems of the type considered here. The model structure supports basic generic navigation operations along its five dimensions. We validated the model in the context of the SEED-Layout system and used it to extend the built-in navigation tools of the system through novel ones, which we subjected to a limited usability study. The study suggests that these tools have promise and warrant further investigation.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/05/15 19:22

_id 0dbf
authors Chien, Sheng-Fen and Shih, Shen-Guan
year 2001
title Design through Information Filtering. A search driven approach for developing a layperson's CAAD environment
source Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures [ISBN 0-7923-7023-6] Eindhoven, 8-11 July 2001, pp. 103-110
summary We propose a CAAD environment for non-designers. It is a new way to enable effective user participation during the design process. This CAAD environment contains an encapsulation of design knowledge and utilises information filtering as an interface to the design knowledge. Two prototypes are implemented as testbeds. So far, our experience has suggested that the approach has a promising future.
keywords Information Filtering, Design Knowledge Encapsulation, CAAD For Nondesigners
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2006/11/07 06:22

_id fb22
authors Chien, Sheng-Fen
year 1998
title Supporting information navigation in generative design systems
source Camegie Mellon University, School of Architecture
summary Generative design systems make it easier for designers to generate and explore design altematives, but the amount of information generated during a design session can become very large. Intelligent navigation aids are needed to enable designers to access the information with ease. Such aids may improve the usability of generative design systems and encourage their use in architectural practice. This dissertation presents a comprehensive approach to support navigation in generative design systems. This approach takes account of studies related to human spatial cognition, wayfinding in physical environments, and information navigation in electronic media. It contains a general model of design space, basic navigation operations, and principles for designing navigation support. The design space model describes how the space may grow and evolve along predictable dimensions. The basic operations facilitate navigation activities in this multi-dimensional design space. The design principles aim at guiding system developers in creating navigation utilities tailored to the needs of individual design systems. This approach is validated through prototype implementations and limited pilot usability studies. The validity of the design space model and basic navigation operations is examined through the development of a design space navigation framework that encapsulates the model and operations in a software environment and provides the infrastructure and mechanisms for supporting navigation. Three prototype navigation tools are implemented using this framework. These tools are subjected to usability studies. The studies show that these tools are easy to leam and are efficient in assisting designers locating desired information. In summary, it can be demonstrated that through the prototype implementations and usability studies, this approach offers sufficient support for the design and implementation of navigation aids in a generative design system. The research effort is a pioneer study on navigation support in generative design systems. It demonstrates why navigation support is necessary; how to provide the support; and what types of user interaction it can offer. This research contributes to information navigation studies not only in the specific domain of generative design system research, but also in the general field of human-computer interaction.
series thesis:PhD
last changed 2003/02/12 21:37

_id b0be
authors Chien, Sheng-Fen
year 2001
title Ensuring Usability of CAAD Systems. A Hybrid Approach
source Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures [ISBN 0-7923-7023-6] Eindhoven, 8-11 July 2001, pp. 361-374
summary Many CAAD software prototypes today are developed with the aim to bring research results closer to practice. This paper describes a hybrid approach that integrates an Object-Oriented Software Engineering (OOSE) methodology with a usability analysis methodology—GOMS. This approach is examined through two case studies and has shown promising results. It enables CAAD system developers to be aware of usability issues and conduct usability evaluation as early as the analysis phase of the software development process. Consequently, this may improve the quality of CAAD software systems as well as ensure the usability of the systems.
keywords Usability Evaluation, GOMS Analysis, Usability Engineering, Object-Oriented Software Engineering
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2006/11/07 06:22

_id caadria2008_9_session1b_075
id caadria2008_9_session1b_075
authors Chien, Sheng-Fen
year 2008
title Probing elders’ needs for smart technologies in the domestic environment
source CAADRIA 2008 [Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Chiang Mai (Thailand) 9-12 April 2008, pp. 75-80
summary This paper presents an initial investigation into developing smart homes for the elderly. Smart homes refer to domestic living environments that equipped with “sensible” and “responsive” facilities, which employ smart technologies, to provide occupants a sound and comfortable living. Designers and sociologists have observed reluctances and even rejections to these technologies from the elderly. A Cultural Probes study shows that the elderly welcome new technologies but reject robotic companionships. In addition, a questionnaire survey concludes that smart technologies for home safety and security, energy conservation and usage monitoring, as well as health care and maintenance, are desirable.
keywords Smart home; the elderly; cultural probe; questionnaire; survey
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id caadria2015_206
id caadria2015_206
authors Chien, Sheng-Fen; Hsiu-Pai Su and Yu-Wei Huang
year 2015
title Parade
source Emerging Experience in Past, Present and Future of Digital Architecture, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2015) / Daegu 20-22 May 2015, pp. 375-384
summary It is import to formalize design knowledge to capture tacit design experience and techniques. This research aims to utilize the power of patterns and language to formulate knowledge of parametric design. We have found through our own experience of learning and teaching parametric design, examples are the most familiar form of learning. We proposed a way of documenting design knowledge in four parts: pattern, example, case and source. We have implemented the repository as a web browser based system, named PARADE. A preliminary study of the system is conducted.
keywords Design pattern; knowledge repository; parametric design.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2015/06/05 05:14

_id caadria2016_000
id caadria2016_000
authors Chien, Sheng-Fen; Seungyeon Choo, Marc Aurel Schnabel, Walaiporn Nakapan, Mi Jeong Kim and Stanislav Roudavsk (Eds.)
year 2016
title Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing
source Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, 918 p.
summary Today, human activities constitute the primary environmental impact on the planet. In this context, commitments to sustainability, or minimization of damage, prove insufficient. To develop regenerative, futuring1 capabilities, architectural design needs to extend beyond the form and function of things in contained projects and engage with the management of complex systems. Such systems involve multiple types of dynamic phenomena – biotic and abiotic, technical and cultural – and can be understood as living. Engagement with such living systems implies manipulation of pervasive and unceasing change, irrespective of whether it is accepted by design stakeholders or actively managed towards homeostatic or homeorhetic conditions. Manipulation of continuity requires holistic and persistent design involvements. In other words, “designers should become the facilitators of flow, rather than the originators of maintainable ‘things’ such as discrete products or images.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id d637
authors Flemming, Ulrich and Sheng-Fen , Chien
year 1995
title Schematic Layout Design in SEED Environment
source Journal of Architectural Engineering -- December 1995 -- Volume 1, Issue 4, pp. 162-169
summary This paper describes SEED-Layout, a module of SEED that supports the generation of schematic layouts of the functional units specified in an architectural program. SEED-Layout provides capabilities that allowdesigners to generate and evaluate rapidly different layout alternatives and versions; to explore the trade-offs involved; and to engage generally in an iterative, highly explorative design process. The resulting"design space" is complex, and the paper describes current efforts to provide designers with intelligent "navigation" aids that encourage them to explore interesting portions of this space without "getting lost."The paper concludes with a brief description of the current implementation and directions for future work.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/05/15 19:45

_id cf2003_m_112
id cf2003_m_112
authors LIN, Shang-Li and CHIEN, Sheng-Fen
year 2003
title From Chinese Gardens to Virtual Environments. A Gateway to Cyberspace
source Digital Design - Research and Practice [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-1210-1] Tainan (Taiwan) 13–15 October 2003, pp. 271-278
summary Chinese gardens provide situated portals through which poets or artists can enter their imaginary worlds. Similarly, a visual interface (virtual environment) of a cyberspace provides entrances to this potentially infinite space. Derived from design principles of Chinese gardens, we propose a design method for creating virtual environments. We use this method to design and visualise several cyberspaces, including web sites, virtual Chinese gardens and 3D computer games. We conduct empirical studies and find virtual environments, created by the proposed method, provide users with experience correlated to the expected result.
keywords cyberspace, virtual world
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2003/09/22 10:21

_id sigradi2017_076
id sigradi2017_076
authors Neto de Faria, José; Mirtes Marins Oliveira
year 2017
title Design da Informação e Resiliência: Estudo dos níveis de correlação entre o indivíduo, o sistema de informação e o fenômeno representado. [Information Design and Resilience: A study of correlation levels between subject, “information system” and represented phenomena.]
source SIGraDi 2017 [Proceedings of the 21th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-227-439-5] Chile, Concepción 22 - 24 November 2017, pp.519-527
summary This article search to describe how correlation levels between subject, information system and represented phenomena define representational models which may be used to enhance phenomena understanding, with aid of resilience representational models. The main work aim is to identify how representational models can be used to enhance resilience behaviour of information systems. Only dynamic information systems seems to show fair resilient behaviour, especially when they approach cognitive process reproduction realized by subject. Resilience in “information systems” emulate thinking object and thinking process.
keywords Information Design; Resilience; Subject; Information System; Phenomena.
series SIGraDi
last changed 2018/07/27 08:08

_id 7012
authors Sheng-Fen, Chien
year 2002
title Design Gaming, Designing Games - Learning Design through Game Playing and Game Making
source Connecting the Real and the Virtual - design e-ducation [20th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-0-8] Warsaw (Poland) 18-20 September 2002, pp. 28-33
summary This is an ongoing effort to make design learning fun and constructive. The process of designing, in many respects, is very similar to playing games: exploring possibilities under certain constraints. Since 1999, the “designing as game playing” concept has been used in architectural design studios and related courses in my institution. In the early years, preexisting games or games created by instructors were used. These games were played in a junior-year course that emphasized design decision-making and design collaborations. In recent two years, design game making has been used as a vehicle for senior-year student to strengthen their analytical skills. So far, students have developed games of Mario Botta, Le Corbusier (Villa Savoy), Aldolf Loos, Mies van der Rohe, and Richard Meier. Two more games are underdevelopment: the games of Isosaki and Tadao Ando. Some of these games have been used in freshman-year courses to introduce certain principles of form composition. Playing design games enables students to gain design knowledge as well as to be able to view design constraints constructively as special characteristics on the game board that may turn to their advantages rather than as useless stumbling blocks. Designing games requires students to analyze existing designs in great details as well as to be able to organize certain relationships of these details into operable rules that could produce new designs. The experience of teaching “games and design” to-date has been a very fruitful one. Future work will focus on design gaming for freshman students and game designing for senior students, as well as the interaction between the freshmen (game players) and the seniors (game designers).
series eCAADe
last changed 2002/09/09 17:19

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