CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ecaade2012_214
id ecaade2012_214
authors Das, Subhajit ; Dutt, Florina
year 2012
title Design optimization in a hotel and offi ce tower through intuitive design procedures and advanced computational design methodologies. Façade design optimization by computational methods
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-2-0, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 235-243
wos WOS:000330322400023
summary The research topic of this paper exemplifies design optimization techniques of a hotel/office tower in Central China (Nanjing city), which faces subtropical humid climate throughout the year. The main intent of the project is to fi nd optimized design solution with the aid of parametric design tools and Visual Basic Scripting techniques (in Rhino Script & Grasshopper) combined with intuitive design process. In any urban context, we firmly believe that architectural design is a responsive phenomenon, which faces diverse interaction with the user & the local climate. The building design of the proposed tower acknowledges these responsive factors of the design with the environment along with building users or residents. Consequently, we strive to develop a sustainable design solution, which is ecologically efficient and psychologically conducive to the wellbeing of the user. We developed our intuitive design product with complex computational design toolsets to leverage design and energy efficiency. In this procedure, we draw major design concepts and geometrical typologies from natural systems in the form of bio mimicry or biologically inspired design process. Overall, this research paper outlines the significance and relevant benefi ts of the combination of intuitive design (from experience, expertise and architects skills) with parametric scripting tools.
keywords Sustainable Building Façade; Parametric Architecture; Intelligent building skin; Solar Architecture
series eCAADe
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id caadria2012_029
id caadria2012_029
authors Dutt, Florina and Subhajit Dasd
year 2012
title Responsive achitectural surface design from nonlinear systems biology: Responsive architectural design by computational methods
source Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Chennai 25-28 April 2012, pp. 465–474
summary The fundamental processes in living systems can be a potential resource to derive nonlinear relationships that could find application in the design of responsive surface from an architectural standpoint. This research focuses on deriving a parametric relationship from a phenomenon in cell biology to generate an architectural expression of responsive surface/ façade. It further delineates the dynamic feedback mechanism from the environment and user as control factors. Through extensive investigation of cell-to-cell connections in the mammary epithelial cells and review of evident relay of communication across the entire system of cells, we could unfold the logical parameters of the biological system. Parametric modelling indicating the causality of the surface condition, changes with the change in extracellular matrix. This gives an opportunity to manoeuvre the surface parameters, contrary to the involuntary cell environment where the behaviours are under the control of a physiological process. Architecturally, the dynamic relationship of surface in a hybridised model, explains that interactivity is not a mere one to one response to a stimulus. Evidently, this interactive process can be a sophisticated loop of feedback through different materiality and componentry that play their effects (and are played back) by “active” surfaces.
keywords Computational design; responsive architecture; sustainable façade design; bio-inspired design; bio-mimicry
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/29 07:34

_id sigradi2012_130
id sigradi2012_130
authors Dutt, Florina; Das, Subhajit
year 2012
title Designing Eco Adaptable Residence in a Hot & Humid Climate, in Kolkata, India
source SIGraDi 2012 [Proceedings of the 16th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Brasil - Fortaleza 13-16 November 2012, pp. 509-512
summary The research paper outlines the novel design methodology undertaken to redesign an existing apartment building in Kolkata India. The aim of the research is to significantly improve the design of the individual apartments as well as their spatial arrangement to enhance the indoor comfort level experienced by the inhabitants. The initial in-depth study of the existing design of the apartment building encompasses a short survey of the comfort level experienced by its inhabitants in terms of day lighting, natural ventilation and thermal comfort. The survey revealed the way in which these issues affected the behavioral pattern of the inhabitants in rearranging their spatial needs for the given design conditions. Consequently, the endeavor proposed promised to significantly improve the aforesaid areas of problem & discomfort for the building occupants. At the same time, exploiting contemporary computational simulation tools and digital three-dimensional modeling techniques the project leverages the same to prove the improvements proposed by research data in the form of scientific & mathematical tables and values.
keywords Sustainable Design; Solar Architecture; Wind Tunnel Test; Eco Adaptable Housing
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id sigradi2012_155
id sigradi2012_155
authors Dutt, Florina; Das, Subhajit
year 2012
title Pluripotent Structures: An Exploration into Digital Design & Fabrication by Bio Mimicry
source SIGraDi 2012 [Proceedings of the 16th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Brasil - Fortaleza 13-16 November 2012, pp. 665-668
summary This project is an exploration into the design & fabrication process of a canopy structure derived from the notion of pluripotency. The term is widely used in the context of stem cells in biological science where pluripotency is referred to the potential of a stem cell to develop into more than one type of mature cell, depending on environment. These can be re-interpreted architecturally as, the quality of design components or elements to be radically transformed into one or more different kinds of components, keeping the general structural integrity of the design unchanged (Kolatan, 2009). Consequently, the pluripotent canopy design is a 3 dimensional double curved surface , having smart pluripotent components populated over its domain, which parametrically has the potential to be transformed to more than one different kinds of elements, keeping the same parameters of construction for each component.
keywords Stem Cell Concept; Pluripotency in Nature; Digital Prototyping; Voronoi Geometry
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id ijac201210409
id ijac201210409
authors Dutt, Florina; Subhajit Das
year 2012
title Computational Design of a Bio Inspired Responsive Architectural Façade System
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 10 - no. 4, 613-633
summary This research intends to illustrate a nonlinear relationship that could be drawn between the fundamental processes in living systems and architectural design of responsive surface.The research focuses on deriving a set of parametric relationships from the phenomenon in cell biology and generating an architectural expression of a responsive fac_ade system.The research methods primarily investigates the cell – to – cell connection in mammary epithelial cell system and review the evident relay of communication across the entire system of cells .This thorough investigation unfolds the logical parameters of the biological system that delineates the dynamic feedback mechanism and changes in the cell surface conditions initiated from the changes in the extra - cellular environment (ECM).The research findings of this complex mechanism are further translated though parametric modeling tool (in this case Generative Components) to model the causalities of the changes in cell environment and surface condition changes. In the next phase of our research we have explored the architectural utility of this hybridized model operating in a user defined controlled environ, and not just a mere response to biological stimulus.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id ascaad2016_056
id ascaad2016_056
authors Dutt, Florina; Subhajit Das
year 2016
title Geospatial Tool Evaluating Job Location Mismatch, Based on Available Workforce and Transit Options - Evaluating property location in a city using large-scale datasets
source Parametricism Vs. Materialism: Evolution of Digital Technologies for Development [8th ASCAAD Conference Proceedings ISBN 978-0-9955691-0-2] London (United Kingdom) 7-8 November 2016, pp. 557-566
summary The paper addresses the issue of spatial mismatch of jobs and the accessibility to job locations based on different age, income and industry group. Taking Atlanta as a case study, we developed a geospatial analysis tool enabling developers, the city planning bureau and the residents to identify potential sites of redevelopment with better economic development opportunities. It also aids to find potential location to live with respect to user’s choices for transit options, walkability, job location and proximity to chosen land use. We built our model on a block level in the city, imparting them a score, visualizing the data as a heat map. The metrics to compute the score included proximity to job, proximity to worker’s residence, transit availability, walkability and number of landmark elements near the site. We worked with Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) Data along with residence area characteristics (RAC) and work place area characteristic (WAC) data sets, where the total number of data-points was over 3 million. It was challenging for us to optimize computation such that the prototype performs statistical analysis and updates visualization in real time. The research further is prototyped as a web application leveraging Leaflet’s Open Street Maps API and D3 visualization plugin. The research showed that there is a high degree of spatial mismatch between home and job locations with very few jobs with driving distance within 5 -10 miles with limited transit options in Atlanta. Further, it showed that low-earning workers need to travel significantly larger distance for work compared to higher class.
series ASCAAD
last changed 2017/05/25 11:34

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