CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id sigradi2004_047
id sigradi2004_047
authors Antonio Almagro Gorbea; Ana Almagro Vidal; José Antonio Fernández Ruiz; Miguel González Garrido
year 2004
title Madinat al-zahraí: Investigación y representación [Madinat al-Zahraí: Investigation and Representation]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary The virtual reconstruction of the archeological site of Madinat al-Zahra. in Córdoba (Spain) has permitted a new approach to the study and comprehension of this palatine city as well as to the typologies of Islamic architecture in Al-Andalus during the 10th century. Starting from fieldwork and from a photogrammetric survey of the site, the digital model has become a highly qualified tool in the research process. Through virtual navigation, it allows to learn new aspects about spatial configuration of this characteristic constructions that configure the basis for the development of further architectures during the following centuries. Furthermore, being conscious that knowledge is basic for cultural heritage preservation, this 3D reconstruction model is an important instrument for general dissemination and for implementing a visit to this significant case of Islamic architecture in Spain.
keywords Islamic architecture, computer graphics, virtual reconstruction, 3D modeling
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2011_356
id sigradi2011_356
authors Bustos Lopez, Gabriela; González, Giscard; Rincón, Francisco
year 2011
title Arquitectura Interactiva, reacción, comportamientos y transformaciones en el Programa de Diseño Digital [Interactive architecture, reaction, behaviors and transformations in the Digital Design Program]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 171-175
summary This paper shows an academic strategy of production in the Interactive Architecture´s Mention of the Digital Design Diploma from the School of Architecture and Design at the University of Zulia, like weaves of reactions in the process of creation in the virtual space in 3D, and its establishment like interactive architectonic devices, jointly with a conceptual exposition that is based on the interactivity definition from the complex epistemology vision. It is the manifestation of an academic experience developed within the framework of both theoretical and practice exposition, based on the complex epistemology of the design with digital technology.
keywords Architecture, interactivity; digital design; intelligent behaviors
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2014_144
id sigradi2014_144
authors Böhme, Luis Felipe González; Cristián Calvo Barentin
year 2014
title Desarrollo de competencias avanzadas en computación en la formación de los arquitectos latinoamericanos del siglo XXI [Advanced Computing Competence Development in 21st-century Latin American Architects’ Education]
source SIGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 217-221
summary Automation and robotics are increasingly penetrating all types of industries in developed countries including architecture, i.e., products and services related to architectural practice. Therefore, more than ever, architects, designers and artists are interested in developing computational thinking skills to be able to integrate more functionality into their creations and take direct control of their fabrication. But what can a small school of architecture in Latin America do to prevent the deskilling of its graduates and, instead, create new labor opportunities for them abroad. Third-year students integrate physical computing with visual programming in an active learning environment to develop free proposals.
keywords Architectural education; Physical computing; Visual programming; Computational thinking; Active learning
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2013_205
id sigradi2013_205
authors Chiarella, Mauro; Luis Felipe González Böhme; Cristian Calvo Barentin
year 2013
title Robots: Automatización en Diseño y Construcción para la Enseñanza de Arquitectura [Robots: Automation in Design and Manufacturing for Teaching Architecture]
source SIGraDi 2013 [Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Chile - Valparaíso 20 - 22 November 2013, pp. 439 - 443
summary Industrial robots controlled by parametric design software and visual programming environments are gaining popularity in the research and use of non-conventional construction processes in architecture. Process automation which can be personalized through variable components promises to become an industry standard with similar cost structures to current pre-fabrication industrial processes. In order to incorporate competencies from non-serial variable architectural modular design, an initial teaching initiative (Advanced Architectural Design Studio – USM) was developed in Latin América. The strategy employed is based on incorporating concepts and instruments of Construction & Design Automation for CAD/CAM processes with a Six Axis Robotic Arm (KUKA KR125/2).
keywords Robotic fabrication; Parametric modeling, Teaching architecture
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id sigradi2015_4.87
id sigradi2015_4.87
authors Cordido, Mariolly Dávila; González, José Javier Alayón; Prado, Odart Graterol
year 2015
title Geometric and graphical analysis of the pyramids of Le Corbusier (1950-1957)
source SIGRADI 2015 [Proceedings of the 19th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - vol. 1 - ISBN: 978-85-8039-135-0] Florianópolis, SC, Brasil 23-27 November 2015, pp. 177-182.
summary This paper addresses the issue about the geometrical properties and physical measures of the pyramids that Le Corbusier planned throughout his career; while approaching these bodies through his drawings and perspectives. This aims to decipher the objective role of mathematics, and the subjectivity of the visual-perceptive in his approach to the design process. Le Corbusier, one of the greatest masters of modern architecture, still uses the classical perspective as a tool that allows him to express the pictorial nature of his compositions and to demonstrate his aspirations about shape.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:49

_id sigradi2010_316
id sigradi2010_316
authors Correa, Madrigal Ómar; Gutiérrez Julio Óscar; González Montoya Giraldo Andrés
year 2010
title Generador de entornos virtuales en tiempo real basado en capas [Generating real - time virtual environments based on layers]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 316-319
summary The generation of virtual environments in real time is presently a highly researched subject. It has great potential to reduce the development time of virtual reality products and to create very large environments with a wide variety of content. These benefits have become very popular in the development of video games and simulators. This work proposes a new generation system—a layer generator that incorporates the best features of such systems with real - time and new generation techniques. To the present, the layer generator has been applied to games, and may potentially be used with other systems.
keywords layer generation, real time, virtual environment, development
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:49

_id sigradi2006_e172c
id sigradi2006_e172c
authors Donath, Dirk and González Böhme, Luis Felipe
year 2006
title A Constraint-Based Building Bulk Design Support
source SIGraDi 2006 - [Proceedings of the 10th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Santiago de Chile - Chile 21-23 November 2006, pp. 278-282
summary We introduce an architecture practice-oriented implementation strategy of constraint-based methods called BDS (Building Bulk Design Support) to supporting bulk analysis during the architectural programming phase. We examine the optmization problem of site coverage and building massing according to a set of standard planning and zoning regulations, and try a problem solving approach based on the paradigm of constraint satisfaction problems. The case study, which is focused on the paticipatory planning of very low-income dwellings within the Latin American context, serves as testbed for a prototypical application of the adopted methodology. The BDS constitutes a novel approach on computer-aided bulk analysis, regarding this particularly relevant context of application. In the case of participatively planned low-income housing projects, efficiency regarding time and cost of planning directly affects dwellers’ quality of life, whereas elementary programming tasks such as bulk analysis lack appropriate state-of-the-art technological support. Traditional architectural planning methods demand a large domain-specific knowledge base and skillful planners. A planning process, which is mainly driven by the formulation of planning-relevant constraints and sets of solution alternatives, suggests to avoid architects’ traditional procedure of: 1. Create an (yet not necessarily valid) instance of the eventual design solution by directly choosing specific values for its shape parameters. 2. Evaluate its validity by confronting the designed model to a set of applicable constraints, which have to be satisfied. Instead, the constraint-based design methodology poses a search procedure that operates in a space of pertinent constraint sets. A computer-aided interactive search procedure to find more valid design solution alternatives in less time and with less effort is particularly qualified to supply efficient support for participatory planning activities carried out between dwellers and planners. The set of solutions for a building-bulk design problem is constrained by both a large complex system of planning and zoning regulations and the geometry of the eventual design solution itself. Given a considerable amount of such regulations, a regular size geometric constraint satisfaction system proved to be capable of providing a highly efficient, interactive modeling and evaluation tool for the formulation in real time of valid solution alternatives for an ordinary building-bulk design problem. A BDS implementation will constitute one system module of a larger integrated system model called Esther. A BDS tool shall interact with other functional modules, like e.g. the FLS (Floor plan Layout Support), which also uses constraint-based design methods.
keywords constraint-based design; bulk analysis; participatory planning; low-income housing; design theory; design proces
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id e63c
authors Donath, Dirk and González, Luis Felipe
year 2001
source SIGraDi biobio2001 - [Proceedings of the 5th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics / ISBN 956-7813-12-4] Concepcion (Chile) 21-23 november 2001, pp. 113-116
summary This article describes our current research focused at the development of an integrated planning support system for the low-income housing production, using as exploration field the participative-planning strategies, particularly implemented by the progressive housing program in Concepción, Chile. Setting our sights on the implementation of modern IT (Information Technology) into architectural field to support the entire planning process, it will be exposed the general deficiencies, diverse IT-tools, their combination possibilities and their practical contribution in order to prove the feasibility of a computer-aided system within a new concept of housing planning.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id sigradi2003_036
id sigradi2003_036
authors Donath, Dirk and González, Luis Felipe
year 2003
title Rule-based spaces configuration procedures to support user-designed housing
source SIGraDi 2003 - [Proceedings of the 7th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Rosario Argentina 5-7 november 2003
summary This article reports on our current explorations on systemizable tasks of architectural design and parametric design supported by rule-based generation methods of spatial configuration alternatives to assist user-design processes of progressive development low-cost dwellings. This exploration is part of an ongoing major research towards an integrated planning support system for low-income housing; we called Esther, which is focused on the development of a network-based set of tools to support logistics of self-designed /-built dwellings life-cycle. Esther addresses the systemized collaborative work between dwellers and specialists during the whole development cycle of dwellings.
keywords Planning tool; user-designed housing; parametric design; decision support; adaptable dwelling
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id ecaade2007_050
id ecaade2007_050
authors Donath, Dirk; Böhme, Luis Felipe González
year 2007
title Constraint-Based Design in Participatory Housing Planning
source Predicting the Future [25th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-6-5] Frankfurt am Main (Germany) 26-29 September 2007, pp. 687-694
summary The research presented in this paper deals with the yet unexplored development of a constraint-based design strategy to support participatory housing planning processes in Latin America. The article discusses the implementation criteria of a constraint satisfaction approach to solving the building bulk design problem. This elementary problem to the architecture practice, is concerned with the synthesis of the boundary geometry from the volume, shape and allocation of the building and any part thereof located inside a given zoning lot. A legal solution to a building bulk design problem is a building cubature that complies with all the applicable bulk regulations. The case study applies to the common class of single-family house units produced in Chile and the regulatory framework implemented there. Two different computer implementation criteria are being tested in an ongoing series of trials. The first, and most extensively developed, makes use of Maxon’s XPresso® visual scripting environment to set up a semi-automated controllable design environment that allows to create parametric feature-based 3D models of building bulk solutions. The second approach is currently being tested by using Ilog’s OPL Studio® constraint programming environment to achieve fully automated search and 2D graphic visualization of the complete set of solutions to separate subdomains of the bulk problem.
keywords Constraint-based design, constraint satisfaction problems, building bulk design, participatory planning, low-income housing
series eCAADe
last changed 2007/09/16 15:55

_id sigradi2017_003
id sigradi2017_003
authors Dávila, Mariolly; González Alayón, Pedro Wightman
year 2017
title Patrimonio moderno y realidad aumentada e inmersiva: De la valorización a la reconstrucción virtual. Caso: Coliseo Humberto Perea, Barranquilla, Colombia [Modern heritage and augmented and inmersive reality: from valuation to virtual reconstruction. Case: Coliseum Humberto Perea, Barranquilla, Colombia]
source SIGraDi 2017 [Proceedings of the 21th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-227-439-5] Chile, Concepción 22 - 24 November 2017, pp.26-32
summary As the result of the demolishing decision of Humberto Perea was generated, a Seminar- Workshop on CG at Universidad del Norte with the purpose of evaluate his heritage´s modern movement in Barranquilla. The Seminar´s objective was to design a methodology for documenting the building through technologies: CG and mixed realities. The methodology contents two parts; First, the building incorporated into the context with previous to the demolition and with architectural survey. And second part was developed with the Seminar - Workshop and Immersive Virtual Reality. As conclusion was demonstrated that any heritage building can be documenting to be used by researchers.
series SIGraDi
last changed 2018/07/27 08:05

_id ecaadesigradi2019_282
id ecaadesigradi2019_282
authors Fernández González, Alberto, Guerrero del Rio, Camilo and Jorquera Sepúlveda, Layla
year 2019
title BIM Chilean Social Housing Analysis - from the 70´s to 90´s
source Sousa, JP, Xavier, JP and Castro Henriques, G (eds.), Architecture in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution - Proceedings of the 37th eCAADe and 23rd SIGraDi Conference - Volume 1, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, 11-13 September 2019, pp. 259-266
summary This research based on education digs on the "evolution" of Chilean social housing between the period from 70's to 90's asking us the "phylogenic" relation between "typos" of designs that developed several problems in the urban fabric development during 20 years of intricate design just thinking in quantity but not quality in our country.The focus in this research is as the first step understanding the design behind dwellings between this time range, then its process of evolution and transformation by users, and then by BIM understand the virtues and defects of each design and rethink the typologies in a housing life cycle look for the next years.
keywords BIM; Social Housing; Catalogue; Design; Intervention; Strategies
series eCAADeSIGraDi
last changed 2019/08/26 20:24

_id sigradi2017_013
id sigradi2017_013
authors Fernández González, Alberto
year 2017
title Modelamiento visual de conceptos espaciales en Taller de Diseño Arquitectónico 1-2 [Visual spatial concepts modeling at Architectural Design Studio 1-2]
source SIGraDi 2017 [Proceedings of the 21th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-227-439-5] Chile, Concepción 22 - 24 November 2017, pp.100-105
summary This research presents results of visual modeling strategies introduction, associated with spatial ideas, being all referred to the work done in the Architectural Design Studio 1-2 at the University of Chile. The applied project methodology seeks to lay the foundations of an incremental draft strategy, which allows a smooth transition between the analog conceptual stages to a digital inclusion of similar criteria of visual modeling in early stages of architectural design. That methodology allows to students to decode their concepts to digital shapes, using point, lines, and triangles as analog-digital translators for each proposal.
keywords Architectural design; Translation; Shapes; Analog to Digital
series SIGraDi
last changed 2018/07/27 08:05

_id sigradi2018_1881
id sigradi2018_1881
authors Fernández González, Alberto; Ortega Gómez, Susana
year 2018
title Coastal Fog Tower – Design and Fabrication Process of a Vertical Fog Capture Device
source SIGraDi 2018 [Proceedings of the 22nd Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISSN: 2318-6968] Brazil, São Carlos 7 - 9 November 2018, pp. 732-736
summary The coastal fog-harvesting tower project is a proposal that seeks to develop a water capture system from the condensation of coastal fog and rain, in a vertical structure that allows greater efficiency in collecting ambient humidity versus current bi-dimensional horizontal systems. The water availability in our country has declined over the last decade, so innovative solutions are required to take advantage of our unique coastal water potential. Using digital and analogue design technologies has been possible to develop a highly replicable and adaptable structural solution that can bring an affordable answer to this problem.
keywords Fog-Tower; water, 3d-print, digital-fabrication
series SIGraDi
last changed 2019/05/20 09:14

_id sigradi2006_e171c
id sigradi2006_e171c
authors González Böhme, Luis Felipe and Vargas Cárdenas, Bernardo
year 2006
title Foundations for a Constraint-Based Floor Plan Layout Support in Participatory Planning of Low-Income Housing
source SIGraDi 2006 - [Proceedings of the 10th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Santiago de Chile - Chile 21-23 November 2006, pp. 283-287
summary We introduce the foundations of a novel approach that deals with constraint-based design methods to supporting participatory planning processes of low-income dwellings. We examine the space allocation problem inside the architectural domain on the basis of graph theory and combinatorics, providing a concise mathematical background for an implementation strategy called FLS (Floor plan Layout Support), which is analyzed here for the first time regarding this particular context of application. The philosophy underlying a design method that is mainly driven by the formulation of distinct constraints suggests to avoid the traditional procedure of first to create a yet not necessarily valid instance of the eventual design solution by directly choosing specific parameter values of its shape, and later on to evaluate its validity by confronting the designed model to a set of applicable constraints. Instead, constraint-based design poses a search procedure that operates in a space of planning-relevant constraint sets. The FLS methodology integrates some few principles of constraint-based automated reasoning with high user interactivity, into a design environment where as much dwellers as planners can collaboratively work in solving spatial organization problems of housing projects. The FLS model of application makes use of a combination of dweller-specified constraints, planning and zoning regulations, and a small library of modular space units. Constraint-based design ! methods are particularly capable of supplying efficient support for the collaborative involvement of dwellers into the architectural programming process of her/his own home. Mainly, because dwellers themselves tend to describe their space need and design intentions as a set of constraints on room quantity, space utilization, circulation system, allocation of available furniture, available budget, construction time, and so forth. The goal is to achieve an integrated tool for finding and modelling topologically valid solutions for floor plan layout alternatives, by combining user-driven interactive procedures with automatic search and generative processes. Thus, several design alternatives can be explored in less time and with less effort than using mainstream procedures of architectural practice. A FLS implementation will constitute one system module of a larger integrated system model called Esther. A FLS tool shall interact with other functional modules, like e.g. the BDS (Building Bulk Design Support), which also uses constraint-based design methods. A preliminary procedural model for the FLS was tested on Chile’s official social housing standards (Chilean Building Code – OGUC. Art. 6.4.1) which are very similar to most Latin American housing programs currently in operation.
keywords constraint-based design; floor plan layout; participatory planning; low-income housing; design theory; design proces
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id sigradi2013_28
id sigradi2013_28
authors González Böhme, Luis Felipe; Cristián Calvo Barentin; Mauro Chiarella
year 2013
title Métodos Computacionales en Arquitectura: La Formación de Arquitectos con Competencia en CyT [Computational Methods in Architecture: The Education of Architects with Competence in S&T]
source SIGraDi 2013 [Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Chile - Valparaíso 20 - 22 November 2013, pp. 524 - 528
summary Tomorrow’s architects will need to deal more confidently and skillfully with scientific and technological innovations in their field, e.g., parametric design, building physics, construction robotics, home automation, etc. Architecture students today must understand how things work and absorb some of the basic principles and techniques involved in their design, construction or operation. Now students need to build back some of that analytical, logical, critical, and analogical thinking that may have atrophied due to a traditional architectural education. Playing with toy construction kits for building automatic control and mobile robot models, does the job without losing the architect´s approach and attitude.
keywords Architectural education; Construction kits; Educational computing; Active learning; Learning styles
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id sigradi2017_039
id sigradi2017_039
authors González Böhme, Luis Felipe; Francisco Javier Quitral Zapata, Sandro Maino Ansaldo, Marcela Hurtado Saldías
year 2017
title Reconstrucción robotizada del patrimonio arquitectónico chileno en madera [Robotic reconstruction of Chilean wooden architectural heritage]
source SIGraDi 2017 [Proceedings of the 21th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-227-439-5] Chile, Concepción 22 - 24 November 2017, pp.267-272
summary We present a proof of concept of parametric 3D models of fully associative geometry and milling tool paths for the robotic machining of traditional timber joints, using a visual robot-programming environment integrated into a popular CAD software. A representative sample of traditional timber joints was obtained from a field survey conducted in Valparaíso, Chile. Each specimen was theoretically validated in nearly half a hundred carpentry treatises and manuals corresponding to the historical period in which the surveyed buildings were built. Parametric robotic milling prototypes were experimentally validated in manufacturing process using two industrial robots with different spindles and cutting tools.
series SIGraDi
last changed 2018/07/27 08:08

_id sigradi2013_304
id sigradi2013_304
authors González Cáceres, Alex; Laline Cenci; Cristian Muñoz
year 2013
title Impacto de la Visualización de Información e Interpretación de Gráficas de Herramientas de Simulación Energética en la Toma de Decisiones de Diseño [Impact of Information Visualization and Interpretation of Graphs Energy Simulation Tool in Design Decision-Making ]
source SIGraDi 2013 [Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Chile - Valparaíso 20 - 22 November 2013, pp. 383 - 387
summary Simulation programs are an important tool to reduce building energy demands. However, there are difficulties that limit the use of these applications including the understanding and interpretation of the results. Due to the uncertainty regarding the reading and interpretation of results leading to design decisions, we propose a graphical display analysis, both scientific and information, charts, tables, diagrams, etc. Which apply to both energy simulation tools as complementary programs. It seeks to establish what tools have the greatest impact in the analysis process and how it influences the design decisions.
keywords Process design; Graphic display; Energy simulation Software; Analysis of results
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id 36
authors González, Carlos Guillermo
year 1998
title Una TecnologÌa Digital Para el Diseño: El Tde-Ac (A Digital Technology for Design: The Tde-Ac)
source II Seminario Iberoamericano de Grafico Digital [SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-97190-0-X] Mar del Plata (Argentina) 9-11 september 1998, pp. 274-279
summary TDE is a graphic language capable of notation of pure design operations, which offers an alternative to Monge and Perspective drawing. This language which was perfected and developed by Claudio Guerri in the late 80's, is originated in the Theory of Spatial Delimitation of CÈsar Janello (1974-1984). From 1995 onwards, and within the framework of the UBACyT AR025 Project (1995-1997), a software in order to apply the TDE through computer technology started to be developed. This work is carried out within the framework of the research program SPATIAL SEMIOTICS-DESIGN THEORY of the FADU-UBA directed by Claudio Guerri, and is continued in the UBACyT AR01 4 Project (1998-2000) "TDE-AC. Graphic language. TDE computer assisted". The computer tool TDE-AC, adds to this graphic language the power of the processing speed and a certain autonomy of interpretation and execution of design operations, which enables to visualize results with a remarkable speed in relation with manual or intellectual work in front of the drawing table. Trough the amplified projection on the screens of the program the stage of development and effectivity of TDE-AC will be demonstrated.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id 7d5e
authors González, Daniela and Burguez, Raúl
year 2001
source SIGraDi biobio2001 - [Proceedings of the 5th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics / ISBN 956-7813-12-4] Concepcion (Chile) 21-23 november 2001, pp. 156-158
summary Traditional narrative systems, such as literature, the cinema and the television, keep a linear design when developing a story, due to their own characteristics. Multimedia offers the possibility of developing a new narrative language. Multimedia fiction is based on the idea of working on a new medium, taking the previous ones as a starting point. In this new medium, the decisions taken by the user, will enable him to create his own version of the story. Work done in this field, have attempted to investigate and go deeper into these concepts.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

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