CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id sigradi2013_117
id sigradi2013_117
authors Alves Veloso, Pedro L.; Anja Pratschke
year 2013
title Uma Arqueologia de Diagramas Cibernéticos [An Archaeology of Cybernetic Diagrams]
source SIGraDi 2013 [Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Chile - Valparaíso 20 - 22 November 2013, pp. 353 - 356
summary This paper investigates the use of explicit structures of information in architectural design. Particularly, it approaches the use of diagrams related to cybernetics and information theory in experimental practices in the 1960’s and 1970’s. It analyses the diagram of cybernetic control proposed by the cybernetician Gordon Pask for the Fun Palace, the diagrams produced by the utopian architect Yona Friedman in the conceptual description of the Flatwriter program and Christopher Alexander’s diagrams and his theories of Synthesis of Form and Pattern Language. Finally it establishes a brief parallel between current domestication and use of dataflow programming with the cybernetic diagrams, highlighting differences in their complexity approach.
keywords Dataflow diagrams; Cybernetics; Complexity
series SIGRADI
email pedroveloso13@hotmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2014_108
id sigradi2014_108
authors Alves, Gilfranco Medeiros; Anja Pratschke
year 2014
title De Uexküll à Pask: a Conversação aplicada à Processos Digitais de Projeto [From Uexküll to Pask: Conversation applied to Didital Design Process]
source SIGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 82-85
summary The paper will present one specific aspect of the PhD research called Cibersemiótica e Processos de Projeto: Metodologia em Revisão, funded by FAPESP, which in turn is linked to the Nomads.usp research group of the University of São Paulo. The paper discusses the relevance of communication and information management in the digital design processes from the synchronic study of concepts such as feedback loop, control and self-regulation. These concepts are present in both biosemiotic and interactive design of functional cycle proposed in 1934 by biologist Jakob von Uexküll, as in cybernetic development proposed by Gordon Pask in his sophisticated Conversation Theory in the early 1970’s.
keywords Biosemiotics; Cybernetics; Cybersemiotics; Conversation Theory; functional cycle;
series SIGRADI
email gilfranco.alves@ufms.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id 2004_350
id 2004_350
authors Asanowicz, Alexander
year 2004
title Computer, Creativity and Unpredictability
source Architecture in the Network Society [22nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Copenhagen (Denmark) 15-18 September 2004, pp. 350-357
summary Computers in designing are usually considered as a tool for preparing technical documentation, storage and managing information, coordinating of flow of design process, modelling and all kind of visualisations (renderings, animation, VR models). At the early design stages, when an idea of the form is created, computer is not used very often. The reason for this is that traditional computer drawing is too completed to be used at this stage. In new methods of supporting creativity, computer should be used for creation of less precise, unpredictable but more inspiring images. This method are based on the thesis that emotional elements have a great affect on the decision making process in designing. Intuition, unpredictability and no logic are the essence of creativity in the selection of associations. Confirmation of this statement we may find in many theories of creativity (theory of incubation elaborated by Wallas, genploration (Finke, Ward and Smith), redundant generation (Lem), synectics (Gordon)). All these theories emphasize the role of unpredictable associations and metaphors in creativity. Process of metaphorisation is characteristic for our era and plays important role in creative process. That’s why we need the new methods of graphic computer and non-computer transformation, which allows us a fuller exploration of design metaphors. The final conclusion is built on the thesis that too precise tools promote cause to decrease differences.
keywords Creativity; Design Theory; Metaphors
series eCAADe
email asan@pb.bialystok.pl
last changed 2004/09/18 06:45

_id 4c30
authors Aura, Seppo
year 1993
title Episode as a Unit of Analysis of Movement
source Endoscopy as a Tool in Architecture [Proceedings of the 1st European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 951-722-069-3] Tampere (Finland), 25-28 August 1993, pp. 53-66
summary Everybody who has read his Gordon Cullen or his Edmund H. Bacon knows that movement has long been recognized as a factor in environmental planning in many ways. For example, in the traditional Japanese promenade garden the importance of movement has always been appreciated. The promenader gains an intense experience of the succession, variation and rhythm of the surrounding scene. The spaces and paths lead him from one stage to another. The spatial structure of the Japanese promenade garden, as well as of traditional Japanese architecture in general, is joined most intensively to time and motion. The environment is in relation to the flow of change in many sense, both concretely and existentially. Taking an example of western urban environment. Here perhaps the most marked sequential spaces are to be found in small medieval, mediterranean towns. Thanks to their organic growth, narrow and winding streets and the emphasis on public squares, most of them provide exciting experiences if the observer is only interested in seeing the townscape from the point of view of movement. There are also examples of this kind of environment in Finland. In old wooden towns like Porvoo and Rauma one can still find varied and rhythmic streetscapes and networks of streets and squares, together with a human scale and an almost timeless atmosphere. One could say that such an opportunity to experience spaces sequentially, or as serial visions, is an important dimension for us, especially as pedestrians. And as Gordon Cullen has shown there is in any urban environment much scope to heighten this experience. For example, by creating a sense of ’entering in’ some place, ’leaving for’, ’moving towards’, ’turning into’, ’walking through’ some place or ’following on’ the flow of spaces. Or, as Edmund H. Bacon has said, the departure point of good town planning should be that the successive towns spaces give rise to a flow of harmonic experiences: present experiences merge with earlier ones and become a step towards a future. Or, again in the words of Donald Appleyard, Kevin Lynch and John R. Myer: “The experience of a city is basically of a moving view, and this is the view we must understand if we wish to reform the look of our cities”.
keywords Architectural Endoscopy
series EAEA
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/eaea/
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id sigradi2009_887
id sigradi2009_887
authors Barría Chateau, Hernán Alberto; Rodrigo García Alvarado; Cecilia Poblete Arrendondo
year 2009
title Anarquitectura Digital [Digital Anarchitecture]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary This article reviews the work and the artistic and architectural context of the artist Gordon Matta-Clark. It checks the context as well as the urban and social conditions of his interventions, to place these works in contemporary culture. In particular this paper analyzes “Splitting”, Matta-Clark´s work that synthesizes his critical attitude to the Modern condition; using computational techniques of geometric modeling, visualization, graphics, digital manufacturing and structural analysis to explore and determine the formal rules and materials used by the artist to develop actions with significant spatial and social connotations.
keywords Anarchitecture; Modeling; Visualization; Digital Manufacturing; Structural Analysis
series SIGRADI
email hbarria@ubiobio.cl
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id 4555
authors Bergland, Glenn D. and Gordon, Ronald D.
year 1981
title Tutorial : Software Design Strategies.--2nd. ed
source vi, 479 p. Los Angeles: IEEE Computer Society Press, 1981. includes bibliography and permuted title index p.449-477
summary A tutorial text attempting to clarify and focus on aspects of software design that have direct effect on the structure of the final program. Several major design strategies are developed and compared, including: traditional forms of functional decomposition, the data structure design method of Michael Jeckson, the data-flow design method of Larry Constantine, and the programming calculus of Edsger Dijkstra. The process of organizing and coordinating the efforts of the design team is also studied especially practices of top-down development, code walkthroughs, and design reviews are presented and evaluated
keywords software, design, programming, techniques
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 8c6d
authors Brooks, H. Gordon
year 1988
title A New Communication Model for Architecture Using Video and 3D Computer Animated Graphics
source Computing in Design Education [ACADIA Conference Proceedings] Ann Arbor (Michigan / USA) 28-30 October 1988, pp. 263-274
summary The University of Arkansas School of Architecture has produced a half-hour television program describing Richard Meier's Atheneum in New Harmony, Indiana. The program uses an analysis technique developed by Dr. Geoffrey Baker, RIBA. The treatment for the material is a combination of on- site video and computer generated 3D animated graphics. An instrument was developed to evaluate the video and its 3D graphics. Based on analysis of the test data several conclusions are apparent. Students believe the video to be very helpful in understanding this building. This video appears to be paced too quickly for understanding in one viewing. Repetitive viewings of the video are helpful in understanding the content. Some students are able to understand principles presented visually better than those presented verbally, but best learning happens when information is reinforced visually and verbally.

series ACADIA
last changed 1999/01/01 18:35

_id ga0007
id ga0007
authors Coates, Paul and Miranda, Pablo
year 2000
title Swarm modelling. The use of Swarm Intelligence to generate architectural form
source International Conference on Generative Art
summary .neither the human purposes nor the architect's method are fully known in advance. Consequently, if this interpretation of the architectural problem situation is accepted, any problem-solving technique that relies on explicit problem definition, on distinct goal orientation, on data collection, or even on non-adaptive algorithms will distort the design process and the human purposes involved.' Stanford Anderson, "Problem-Solving and Problem-Worrying". The works concentrates in the use of the computer as a perceptive device, a sort of virtual hand or "sense", capable of prompting an environment. From a set of data that conforms the environment (in this case the geometrical representation of the form of the site) this perceptive device is capable of differentiating and generating distinct patterns in its behavior, patterns that an observer has to interpret as meaningful information. As Nicholas Negroponte explains referring to the project GROPE in his Architecture Machine: 'In contrast to describing criteria and asking the machine to generate physical form, this exercise focuses on generating criteria from physical form.' 'The onlooking human or architecture machine observes what is "interesting" by observing GROPE's behavior rather than by receiving the testimony that this or that is "interesting".' The swarm as a learning device. In this case the work implements a Swarm as a perceptive device. Swarms constitute a paradigm of parallel systems: a multitude of simple individuals aggregate in colonies or groups, giving rise to collaborative behaviors. The individual sensors can't learn, but the swarm as a system can evolve in to more stable states. These states generate distinct patterns, a result of the inner mechanics of the swarm and of the particularities of the environment. The dynamics of the system allows it to learn and adapt to the environment; information is stored in the speed of the sensors (the more collisions, the slower) that acts as a memory. The speed increases in the absence of collisions and so providing the system with the ability to forget, indispensable for differentiation of information and emergence of patterns. The swarm is both a perceptive and a spatial phenomenon. For being able to Interact with an environment an observer requires some sort of embodiment. In the case of the swarm, its algorithms for moving, collision detection, and swarm mechanics conform its perceptive body. The way this body interacts with its environment in the process of learning and differentiation of spatial patterns constitutes also a spatial phenomenon. The enactive space of the Swarm. Enaction, a concept developed by Maturana and Varela for the description of perception in biological terms, is the understanding of perception as the result of the structural coupling of an environment and an observer. Enaction does not address cognition in the currently conventional sense as an internal manipulation of extrinsic 'information' or 'signals', but as the relation between environment and observer and the blurring of their identities. Thus, the space generated by the swarm is an enactive space, a space without explicit description, and an invention of the swarm-environment structural coupling. If we consider a gestalt as 'Some property -such as roundness- common to a set of sense data and appreciated by organisms or artefacts' (Gordon Pask), the swarm is also able to differentiate space 'gestalts' or spaces of some characteristics, such as 'narrowness', or 'fluidness' etc. Implicit surfaces and the wrapping algorithm. One of the many ways of describing this space is through the use of implicit surfaces. An implicit surface may be imagined as an infinitesimally thin band of some measurable quantity such as color, density, temperature, pressure, etc. Thus, an implicit surface consists of those points in three-space that satisfy some particular requirement. This allows as to wrap the regions of space where a difference of quantity has been produced, enclosing the spaces in which some particular events in the history of the Swarm have occurred. The wrapping method allows complex topologies, such as manifoldness in one continuous surface. It is possible to transform the information generated by the swarm in to a landscape that is the result of the particular reading of the site by the swarm. Working in real time. Because of the complex nature of the machine, the only possible way to evaluate the resulting behavior is in real time. For this purpose specific applications had to be developed, using OpenGL for the Windows programming environment. The package consisted on translators from DXF format to a specific format used by these applications and viceversa, the Swarm "engine", a simulated parallel environment, and the Wrapping programs, to generate the implicit surfaces. Different versions of each had been produced, in different stages of development of the work.
series other
email p.s.coates@uel.ac.uk
more http://www.generativeart.com/
last changed 2003/08/07 15:25

_id ecaadesigradi2019_046
id ecaadesigradi2019_046
authors Ferreira Borges, Marina
year 2019
title Conversations between architects and engineers
source Sousa, JP, Xavier, JP and Castro Henriques, G (eds.), Architecture in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution - Proceedings of the 37th eCAADe and 23rd SIGraDi Conference - Volume 1, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, 11-13 September 2019, pp. 99-108
summary The structural education in architectural schools emphasize that the dialogue between professionals is what should be raised as the point of connection between the conception of the structural morphology to be carried out by the architect and its validation and construction by the structural engineer. However, is this dialogue occurring? The proposal of this work is to study the conversational model proposed by Paul Pangaro (2009), based on Gordon Pask's Conversation Theory (1976a), and investigate if in fact a dialogic process between architectural design and structures education in architectural schools occurs, or if there exist the possibility of proposing a new conversational model, promoting transdisciplinary participation and collaboration procedures.Please write your abstract here by clicking this paragraph.
keywords Architectural Design Teaching; Structural Education; Conversation Theory
series eCAADeSIGraDi
email marinafborges@gmail.com
last changed 2019/08/26 20:24

_id 0c35
authors Gavin, Lesley C.
year 1994
title The Integrated Teaching of CAAD in the School of Architecture at The Robert Gordon University
source The Virtual Studio [Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on Education in Computer Aided Architectural Design / ISBN 0-9523687-0-6] Glasgow (Scotland) 7-10 September 1994, p. 223
summary This paper discusses how the introduction to computers in architecture being integrated into the design studio can create a stimulating environment for the understanding of the fundamentals of computer aided design.
series eCAADe
email l.gavin@ucl.ac.uk
last changed 2003/05/16 19:27

_id ddssup9607
id ddssup9607
authors Gordon, T., Karacapilidis, N., Voss, H. and Zauke, A.
year 1996
title Computer-Mediated Cooperative Spatial Planning
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Third Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning - Part two: Urban Planning Proceedings (Spa, Belgium), August 18-21, 1996
summary Decision making on spatial planning problems has to integrate recent advancements on geographical information systems with a framework that supports fair, rational and efficient decision making procedures. Such a framework will assist government and businesses with the retrieval, use and reuse of information in cooperative, distributed planning procedures requiring access to spatial data. This paper gives an overview of a computer-mediated group decision support system for the World Wide Web, namely ZENO. The target is to provide intelligent assistance to human mediators and other kinds cf "trusted third parties" during the above procedures. The role of the system is to remain neutral and help assure that the interests and goals of all members of a group, regardless of their status, are respected and appreciated. In this paper, the system's features are illustrated with a retrospective model of a real urban planning example, concerning the allocation of a new technology park in the area of the city of Bonn, where more than eighty communities, local and federal authorities, and other organizations have been requested to submit their suggestions, objections and comments on a spatial planning problem.
series DDSS
email gordon@gmd.de
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id a9c2
authors Gordon, William J. and Riesenfeld, Richard F.
year 1974
title Bernstein- Bezier Methods for the Computer-Aided Design of Free-Form Curves and Surfaces
source Journal of the ACM. April, 1974. vol. 21: pp. 293-310 : ill. includes bibliography
summary The mth degree Bernstein polynomial approximation to a function f defined over [0,1] is Em-o f(u/m) Ou(s), where the weights Ou(s) are binomial density functions. The Bernstein approximations inherit many of the global characteristics of f, like monotonicity and convexity, and they always are at least as 'smooth' as f, where 'smooth' refers to the number of undulations, the total variation, and the differentiability class of f. Historically, their relatively slow convergence in the Loo-norm has tended to discourage their use in practical applications. However, in a large class of problems the smoothness of an approximating function is of greater importance than closeness of fit. This is especially true in connection with problems of computer-aided geometric design of curves and surfaces where aesthetic criteria and the intrinsic properties of shape are major considerations. For this latter class of problems, P. Bezier of Renault has successfully exploited the properties of parametric Bernstein polynomials. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the Bezier techniques and to explore various extensions and generalizations. In a sequel, the authors consider the extension of the results contained herein to free-form curve and surface design using polynomial splines. These B-spline methods have several advantages over the techniques described in the present paper
keywords CAD, computer graphics, Bezier, curves, curved surfaces, representation, design, Bernstein, representation, B- splines, user interface, approximation, interpolation
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 60c5
authors Gordon, William J.
year 1983
title An Operator Calculus for Surface and Volume Modeling
source IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications October, 1983. vol. 3: pp. 18-22 : ill. includes bibliography.
summary This article briefly describes the mathematical techniques underlying surface and volume modeling techniques in current practice. The first part outlines what might be termed an operator calculus for the approximation and interpolation of functions of more than one independent variable. This operator calculus uses operator multiplication and Boolean addition to compound the linear operators associated with simple bivariate and multivariate interpolation/approximation schemes. The result is a distributive lattice of approximation operators. The other two sections of the article contain specific examples of how this operator calculus leads to practical techniques for sculptured surface and volume modeling
keywords curved surfaces, representation, solid modeling, boolean operations
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 0a78
authors McCalla, Gordon and Cercone, Nick
year 1983
title Approaches to Knowledge Representation
source IEEE Computer. October, 1983. vol. 16: pp. 12-18 : ill. includes bibliography
summary In contrast to conventional database systems, AI systems require a knowledge base with diverse kinds of knowledge. These include, but are not limited to knowledge about objects, knowledge about processes, and hard to represent common sense knowledge about goals, motivations, causality, time, actions etc. This article is an introduction to a special issue in which 15 articles contributed by a broad spectrum of researchers discuss various aspects of knowledge representation. It gives some background and context to these articles by mapping out the basic approaches to knowledge representation that have developed over the years
keywords knowledge, representation, AI
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id cf2005_1_31_28
id cf2005_1_31_28
authors PENG Chengzhi
year 2005
title Townscaping: Development of Dynamic Virtual City Augmented 3D Sketch Design Tools
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2005 [Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-3460-1] Vienna (Austria) 20–22 June 2005, pp. 105-114
summary The paper presents the development of an experimental Web-based design environment called Townscaping to be used at the conceptual stage of architectural and urban design. Inspired by Gordon Cullen's seminal work on Townscape (1960's-1970's), the idea of Townscaping is to explore how 3D digital sketch design tools could be developed to operate in connection with a dynamic virtual city system under a user's direct control. A prototype of Townscaping has been designed and implemented on the basis of an existing dynamic virtual city system. In Townscaping, a set of tools is provided for users to create and edit 3D graphic elements to be positioned directly onto the user-specified virtual city models. One of the key features of Townscaping is to enable sketching while navigation: designers can perform sketch design and gain immediate visual feedback while navigating the 3D virtual city models to any viewpoint at any moment. The current study suggests that it is feasible for virtual city models to serve as interactive urban contexts for 3D sketch design. Townscaping is considered primarily a research platform with which we are interested in investigating if designers' engaging in 3D space conceptions may be enhanced through interacting and sketching with virtual townscapes.
keywords virtual city, 3D sketch design, interactive urban visualisation, web-based design
series CAAD Futures
email c.peng@shef.ac.uk
last changed 2006/11/07 06:27

_id cf2003_m_017
id cf2003_m_017
authors PENG, Chengzhi
year 2003
title Serial Vision Revisited: Prospects of Virtual City Supported Urban Analysis and Design
source Digital Design - Research and Practice [Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 1-4020-1210-1] Tainan (Taiwan) 13–15 October 2003, pp. 259-270
summary Following our previous research on developing a dynamic virtual city system (Sheffield Urban Contextual Databank, SUCoD), the paper reports on a study of applying the virtual city resources to an undergraduate urban design course. The study focuses on how the multi-dimensional and multiple types of urban contextual data can be used by student designers directly for urban visual analysis and design development. A link is made with the Serial Vision in Townscape first proposed by Gordon Cullen, which sets out an experiential approach to how a living city environment should be read and understood. Drawing on the project works produced by the students, some patterns of generating urban narratives and 3D spatial designs were observed. Although the current experiment with SUCoD is limited in terms of data scope and modelling capabilities, it reveals a future direction to follow that can turn conventional virtual cities into Web-based online services capable of supporting urban design analyses and syntheses directly.
keywords city, e-learning, serial vision, townscape, urban design, virtual world
series CAAD Futures
email c.peng@sheffield.ac.uk
last changed 2003/09/22 10:21

_id sigradi2010_380
id sigradi2010_380
authors Riether, Gernot
year 2010
title Digital Phantasmagoria: An Urban Space of Intensified Interaction
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 380-383
summary This paper will investigate the relationship between public space and digital media and speculate about the possibility of using digital technology to reactivate public space. From the perspective of current trends in digital technology, the paper will relate Walter Benjamin’s speculations about a transformation of public space into a space of heightened interaction as well as Gordon Pasks’ installations in the 60s. “Flux Space”, an exhibition by Gernot Riether, Ruth Ron, Renate Weissenböck and Atsunobu Maeda at the Arthur Ross Gallery in New York in 2000 will be used as an example to demonstrate how public space might be reactivated using digital technology to intensify the relationship between the spectator and physical space.
keywords digital media, public space, communication, installation, multi - media
series SIGRADI
email gernot.riether@coa.gatech.edu
last changed 2016/03/10 08:58

_id ecaade2018_248
id ecaade2018_248
authors Silcock, David, Rushton, Hannah, Rogers, Jessie and Schnabel, Marc Aurel
year 2018
title Tangible and Intangible Digital Heritage - Creating Virtual Environments to Engage Public Interpretation
source Kepczynska-Walczak, A, Bialkowski, S (eds.), Computing for a better tomorrow - Proceedings of the 36th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland, 19-21 September 2018, pp. 225-232
summary This research developed an immersive, multi-dimensional Virtual Experience of the 'Gordon Wilson Flats', a Modern apartment block constructed during the 1950s in Wellington, New Zealand. The project explored methods to virtually reconstruct the spatial qualities of the building and document the flats in both their current and original states within the context of Wellington City. This digital heritage project documents both the tangible and intangible characteristics of the building to inform public discussion focused upon the flats. This approach was in an effort to capture the effect of time on the buildings tangible elements, and with the addition of oral histories, develop a narrative which is intended to facilitate architectural understanding and heighten engagement within the immersive virtual environment. This paper presents a digital methodology for the creation of a digital heritage experience with the purpose of engaging and informing public discussion.
keywords Digital Heritage; Virtual Reality ; Immersive Environments ; Modern Architectural Heritage; Digital Methodology
series eCAADe
email hanrushton@hotmail.com
last changed 2018/07/24 10:24

_id 0f50
authors Skauge, Jørn
year 1993
title An Electronic Tool for Urban Design Analysis
source Education and Practice: The Critical Interface [ACADIA Conference Proceedings / ISBN 1-880250-02-0] Texas (Texas / USA) 1993, pp. 77-85
summary Architects and urban designers are increasingly using computers in their attempt to improve decision making in urban design. Most existing systems emphasize hard data such as statistics, land use data, etc. In recent years with the use of more powerful computers we have seen a greater emphasis on managing visual data. Computer systems are being used to generate urban models and simulations of the various kinds of impact new developments have on the existing cityscape.

This project emphasizes the use of visual data. The purpose of the research has been to develop a computer system for urban designers to use in analyzing urban architectural qualities. Therefore this project focuses on applying traditional methods and theories of urban designers rather than developing new computer techniques.

The traditional methods and theories of urban designers fall within the category which the French theorist Francoise Choay calls Pre-urbanism and Urbanism - the Cultural Model. Theorists within this category include Camillo Sitte, Gordon Cullen, Kevin Lynch, Leon Krier, Aldo Rossi, Michael Trieb, Roger Tranzick and Thiis-Evensen.

This computer system has been developed as a prototype in order to gain experience and knowledge for future development of a large system. Later development will be based upon a vectorized threedimensional model of a whole city using texture mapping and tracing techniques to annotate important architectural features.

The computer system consists of the basic analysis module supplied with a simulation unit and a theory unit. With this analytical tool, analysis is conducted on three different urban scales. The prototype has been developed on the Macintosh computer with SuperCard as the authoring tool.

The computer system was developed as a prototype for Danish Urban Designers and is currently being tested in conjunction with the city of Viborg, Denmark. ( population 55,000). Located in Jutland, Viborg was the capital of Denmark around the year 1000. It now functions as a center for regional government. Viborg was selected as the test site because of its historical core.

series ACADIA
last changed 1999/02/25 09:24

_id ijac201412402
id ijac201412402
authors Veloso, Pedro L. A.
year 2014
title Cybernetic diagrams: design strategies for an open game
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 12 - no. 4, 379-398
summary This paper investigates the use of diagrams related to cybernetics and information theory in experimental design practices in the 1960s and 1970s.Those diagrams are investigated in light of Vile_m Flusser’s concept of game, which mediates the modus operandi of computers and possible strategies for design based on distributed cognition.The research adopts the interpretative method to analyze the diagram proposed by cyberneticist Gordon Pask for Fun Palace, the diagrams produced by utopian architect Yona Friedman in the conceptual description of the Flatwriter program and Christopher Alexander’s diagrams for his theories of Synthesis of Form and Pattern Language. In the end, it establishes a brief parallel between current debates of computational design with the cybernetic diagrams, highlighting differences in their approach to complexity and design knowledge.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

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