CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id caadria2016_797
id caadria2016_797
authors Agusti?-Juan, Isolda and Guillaume Habert
year 2016
title An environmental perspective on digital fabrication in architecture and construction
source Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, pp. 797-806
summary Digital fabrication processes and technologies are becom- ing an essential part of the modern product manufacturing. As the use of 3D printing grows, potential applications into large scale processes are emerging. The combined methods of computational design and robotic fabrication have demonstrated potential to expand architectur- al design. However, factors such as material use, energy demands, du- rability, GHG emissions and waste production must be recognized as the priorities over the entire life of any architectural project. Given the recent developments at architecture scale, this study aims to investi- gate the environmental consequences and opportunities of digital fab- rication in construction. This paper presents two case studies of classic building elements digitally fabricated. In each case study, the projects were assessed according to the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) frame- work and compared with conventional construction with similar func- tion. The analysis highlighted the importance of material-efficient de- sign to achieve high environmental benefits in digitally fabricated architecture. The knowledge established in this research should be di- rected to the development of guidelines that help designers to make more sustainable choices in the implementation of digital fabrication in architecture and construction.
keywords Digital fabrication; LCA; sustainability; environment
series CAADRIA
email agusti@ibi.baug.ethz.ch
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id ecaade2017_085
id ecaade2017_085
authors Agustí-Juan, Isolda, Hollberg, Alexander and Habert, Guillaume
year 2017
title Integration of environmental criteria in early stages of digital fabrication
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 185-192
summary The construction sector is responsible for a big share of the global energy, resource demand and greenhouse gas emissions. As such, buildings and their designers are key players for carbon mitigation actions. Current research in digital fabrication is beginning to reveal its potential to improve the sustainability of the construction sector. To evaluate the environmental performance of buildings, life cycle assessment (LCA) is commonly employed. Recent research developments have successfully linked LCA to CAD and BIM tools for a faster evaluation of environmental impacts. However, these are only partially applicable to digital fabrication, because of differences in the design process. In contrast to conventional construction, in digital fabrication the geometry is the consequence of the definition of functional, structural and fabrication parameters during design. Therefore, this paper presents an LCA-based method for design-integrated environmental assessment of digitally fabricated building elements. The method is divided into four levels of detail following the degree of available information during the design process. Finally, the method is applied to the case study "Mesh Mould", a digitally fabricated complex concrete wall that does not require any formwork. The results prove the applicability of the method and highlight the environmental benefits digital fabrication can provide.
keywords Digital fabrication; Parametric LCA; Early design; Sustainability
series eCAADe
email agusti@ibi.baug.ethz.ch
last changed 2017/09/13 13:31

_id acadia19_90
id acadia19_90
authors Forward, Kristen; Taron, Joshua
year 2019
title Waste Ornament
source ACADIA 19:UBIQUITY AND AUTONOMY [Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-578-59179-7] (The University of Texas at Austin School of Architecture, Austin, Texas 21-26 October, 2019) pp. 90-99
summary The emergence of computational design and fabrication tools has escalated the potentials of architectural ornamentation to become innovative, beautiful, and highly sustainable. Historically, ornament has been known to express character and reveal relationships between materiality, technological advances, and societal evolution. But ornament rapidly declined in the late 1800s in large part due to mechanization and modernist ideals of uniform, unadorned façade components. However, ornamentation in architecture has recently reappeared—a development that can be linked closely to advancements in computational design and digital fabrication. While these advancements offer the ability to create expressive architecture, their potential contribution to the improvement of sustainable architecture has largely been overlooked (Augusti-Juan and Habert 2017). This paper provides a brief revisitation to the history of ornament and investigates the impact of computation and automation on the production of contemporary ornament. The paper also attempts to catalog examples of how designers have used computational technologies to address the growing criticality of environmental concerns. Moreover, the paper presents the Waste Ornament project, a research platform that critically examines how we can leverage technology to augment the visual and sustainable performance of facade ornamentation to reduce energy use in buildings. Three sub-projects are identified as territories for further research into sustainable ornamentation, ranging from material sourcing, to high-performance buildings, to the development of a systematic upcycling process that transforms old facades into new ones. While the examples are not exhaustive, they attempt to interlace the general ideas of waste and ornament by addressing particular issues that converge at building envelopes.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email kristen.4ward@gmail.com
last changed 2019/12/18 08:01

_id ecaaderis2018_104
id ecaaderis2018_104
authors Hollberg, Alexander, Hildebrand, Linda and Habert, Guillaume
year 2018
title Environmental design - Lessons learned from teaching LCA
source Odysseas Kontovourkis (ed.), Sustainable Computational Workflows [6th eCAADe Regional International Workshop Proceedings / ISBN 9789491207143], Department of Architecture, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus, 24-25 May 2018, pp. 65-74
keywords Architects largely define the environmental impact a building will cause throughout its life cycle. Especially decisions taken in early design stages have a great influence on the environmental performance. The integration of environmental assessment into the design process requires adequate tools and basic knowledge of the architects using them. This paper discusses both aspects by means of two case studies with students. In both case studies, the goal was to use Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) to optimize the environmental performance of the building in the design process. The results of the first case study proved the benefits of using LCA-based information for decision-making, but some issues of using the tool during the design process became evident. In the second case study an improved LCA-tool was employed that proved to be applicable by all students. Nevertheless, only one group used the feedback to optimize the building design in an iterative process as intended by the supervisors. This leads to the conclusion that the difficulty of environmental design shifted from a lack of adequate assessment tools to the question of the design approach.
series eCAADe
email hollberg@ibi.baug.ethz.ch
last changed 2018/05/29 12:33

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