CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id 019c
authors Beyer, Horst A. and Streilein, André
year 1991
title Data Generation for CAAD with Digital Photogrammetry
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures: Education, Research, Applications [CAAD Futures ‘91 Conference Proceedings / ISBN 3-528-08821-4] Zürich (Switzerland), July 1991, pp. 583-594
summary The rapid advances in sensor technology and processing hardware make the development of a Digital Photogrammetric System for Architectural Photogrammetry possible. This system is able to acquire images with sufficient resolution for Architectural Photogrammetry. Geometric and topologic information for a CAAD-System can be derived with manual and/or semi-automated methods. This paper describes the current status of such a system which is under development at the Institute of Geodesy and Photogrammetry in cooperation with the Chair of Architecture and CAAD, both at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich.
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id 6237
authors Kiechle, Horst
year 1996
title CONSTRUCTING THE AMORPHOUS
source Full-Scale Modeling in the Age of Virtual Reality [6th EFA-Conference Proceedings]
summary Constructing the Amorphous entails the ongoing research into a concept which aims to develop a new understanding for Art, Design and Architecture within society. Rigid, reductivist and confrontational methods based on static geometry, prejudice and competition are to be replaced by dynamic, interdisciplinary and integrative models. In his current art practice the author simulates existing architectural spaces whose interior are re-designed into sculpted environments, based on creative irregularity rather than idealised geometry. All the computer simulated “soft” environments can be realised on an architectural scale as temporary installations with the curved surfaces approximated through planar polygons cut from sheet materials. Within this framework the Darren Knight Gallery Project represents the most recently example.

The paper discusses furthermore various 3D modeling options, such as standard CAD representations, high quality rendered video walk-throughs, VRML models and physically produced, full-scale models, made of corrugated cardboard. The cost and equipment requirements necessary for full-scale modeling in cardboard are outlined.

keywords VRML, CAD, 3D Modeling, Model Simulation, Real Environments
series other
type normal paper
email horst@vislab.usyd.edu.au
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/efa/
last changed 2004/05/04 12:40

_id 10a8
authors McCall, Raymond Joseph
year 1978
title On the structure and use of issue systems in design
source University of California, Berkeley
summary The purpose of this dissertation is to explain and justify the concept of issue serving-systems as a new paradigm for descriptive and normative models of design processes. This paradigm is based in general on Horst Rittel's "Argumentative Planning Paradigm" and in particular on Rittel's "Issue-Based Information System" --IBIS-- method. Like IBIS, the issue serving-system concept views design as consisting of the raising and answering of various questions, called issues. The addition of the issue serving-system concept to IBIS is the claim that the serving relationship is the main means for structuring issues into a system for design. That relationship is the one in which an issue A serves an issue B, by which it is meant that the answering of A is useful in deriving the answer to B. Collections of issues structured by this relationship are labelled "issue serving-systems." In the dissertation it is explained that an issue servingsystem has a quasi-hierarchical structure and has as its function the answering of a P!L issue, i.e., an issue of the form, "What should this plan be." Two projects are undertaken in order to demonstrate the normative significance of the issue serving-system concept. The first is to show that the concept forms the basis of a variety of techniques for mechanical (algorithmic) generation of issues and answers. The second is to show how the concept provides criteria for determining which issues should be dealt with and in what order. In particular, it is argued that a topdown breadth-first order of raising issues is best. These conclusions are incorporated into procedures for design, and two applications of these procedures are described. One application involves use of an interactive computer program written by the author. The other involves a non-computerized version of the method.
series thesis:PhD
last changed 2003/02/12 21:37

_id ijac201412101
id ijac201412101
authors Neves, Isabel Clara Neves; João Rocha, José Pinto Duarte
year 2014
title Computational Design Research in Architecture: The Legacy of the Hochschule für Gestaltung, Ulm
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 12 - no. 1, 1-26
summary The use of computational processes in architecture is a widespread practice which draws on a set of theories of computer science developed in the 60s and 70s. With the advent of computers, many of these methodologies were developed in research centres in the USA and the UK. Focussing on this period, this paper investigates the importance of the German Hochschule fur Gestaltung, Ulm (HfG) design school in the early stages of computation in design and architecture. Even though there were no computers in the school, it may be argued that its innovative pedagogy and distinguished faculty members launched analogical computational design methods that can be seen as the basis for further computational approaches in architecture. The paper draws on archive material, as well as at an original interview with Tomas Maldonado, to propose that the remarkable work pursued by Tomas Maldonado (the educational project), Max Bense (information aesthetics) and Horst Rittel (scientific methods) was fundamental in establishing HfG Ulm as the forerunner of computation in architecture.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id sigradi2015_10.140
id sigradi2015_10.140
authors Neves, Isabel Clara
year 2015
title Scientific Approach to the Project in a Computational Perspective of Architecture: The Hochschule für Gestaltung-Ulm and its Diaspora
source SIGRADI 2015 [Proceedings of the 19th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - vol. 2 - ISBN: 978-85-8039-133-6] Florianópolis, SC, Brasil 23-27 November 2015, pp. 528-543.
summary This article focus on the evolution of the HfG-Ulm, its teachers and central ideas, and emphasizes on ideological continuity of this School in the United States by selecting the path of Horst Rittel and the ideas he developed at UC Berkeley. It presents a reflection about the ideas that developed from the HfG-Ulm, through foreign students and teachers exchanges, being important to understand how their ideas have been developed, generating different outputs, in a significant period that went until the 70’s and which marked the introduction of different computational concepts in architecture, enabling the interaction of computers in architectural practice.
series SIGRADI
email 20093022@fa.lisboa.pt
last changed 2016/03/10 08:56

_id caadria2013_009
id caadria2013_009
authors Neves, Isabel Clara; João Rocha  and José Pinto Duarte
year 2013
title The Legacy of the Hochschule Für Gestaltung of Ulm for Computational Design Research in Architecture
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 293-302
wos WOS:000351496100029
summary Nowadays the use of computational design processes in architecture is a common practice which is currently recovering a set of theories connected to computer science that were developed in the 60’s and 70’s. Such pioneering explorations were marked by an interest in employing scientific principles and methodologies many developed in Research Centres located in the US and the UK. Looking into this period, this paper investigates the relevance of the German design school of the Hochschule für Gestaltung (HfG) Ulm to the birth of computation in architecture. Even thought there were no computers in the school. It is argued that the innovative pedagogies and some distinct professors have launched clear foundations that can be understood as being at the basis of further computational approaches in architecture. By describing and relating the singular work by Tomas Maldonado (educational project), Max Bense (information aesthetics) and Horst Rittel (scientific methods), this paper describes the emergence of analogical ways of computational design thinking. This analysis ultimately wishes to contribute for inscribing the HfG Ulm at the cultural and technological mapping of computation in architecture. 
keywords HfG - Hochschule für Gestaltung Ulm, Design methods, Scientific methodology, Information aesthetics, Computational design, Architecture 
series CAADRIA
email isineves@gmail.com
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ca71
authors Noble, Douglas and Rittel, Horst W.J.
year 1988
title Issue-Based Information Systems for Design
source Computing in Design Education [ACADIA Conference Proceedings] Ann Arbor (Michigan / USA) 28-30 October 1988, pp. 275-286
summary The understanding of planning and design as a process of argumentation (of the designer with himself or with others) has led to the concept of IBIS (Issue-Based Information Systems). The elements of IBIS are Issues, each of which are associated with alternative positions. These in turn are associated with arguments which support or object to a given position (or another argument). In the course of the treatment of issues, new issues come up which are treated likewise.

Issue-Based Information Systems are used as a means of widening the coverage of a problem. By encouraging a greater degree of participation, particularly in the earlier phases of the process, the designer is increasing the opportunity that difficulties of his proposed solution, unseen by him, will be discovered by others. Since the problem observed by a designer can always be treated as merely a symptom of another higher-level problem, the argumentative approach also increases the likelyhood that someone will attempt to attack the problem from this point of view. Another desirable characteristic of the Issue-Based Information System is that it helps to make the design process 'transparent'. Transparency here refers tO the ability of observers as well as participants to trace back the process of decision-making.

This paper offers a description of a computer-supported IBIS (written in 'C' using the 'XWindows' user interface), including a discussion of the usefulness of IBIS in design, as well as comments on the role of the computer in IBIS implementation, and related developments in computing.

series ACADIA
email dnoble@usc.edu
last changed 2003/05/16 17:23

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