CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ecaade2013_278
id ecaade2013_278
authors Oxman, Neri; Laucks, Jared; Kayser, Markus; Gonzalez Uribe, Carlos David and Duro-Royo, Jorge
year 2013
title Biological Computation for Digital Design and Fabrication
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 585-594
summary The formation of non-woven fibre structures generated by the Bombyx mori silkworm is explored as a computational approach for shape and material optimization. Biological case studies are presented and a design approach for the use of silkworms as entities that can “compute” fibrous material organization is given in the context of an architectural design installation. We demonstrate that in the absence of vertical axes the silkworm can spin flat silk patches of variable shape and density. We present experiments suggesting sufficient correlation between topographical surface features, spinning geometry and fibre density. The research represents a scalable approach for optimization-driven fibre-based structural design and suggests a biology-driven strategy for material computation.   
wos WOS:000340635300061
keywords Biologically computed digital fabrication; robotic fabrication; finite element analysis; optimization; CNC weaving.
series eCAADe
email neri@mit.edu
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia17_572
id acadia17_572
authors Sparrman, Bjorn; Matthews, Chris; Kernizan, Schendy; Chadwick, Aran; Thomas, Neil; Laucks, Jared; Tibbits, Skylar
year 2017
title Large-Scale Lightweight Transformable Structures
source ACADIA 2017: DISCIPLINES & DISRUPTION [Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-96506-1] Cambridge, MA 2-4 November, 2017), pp. 572- 581
summary This paper presents strategies for the creation of large-scale transformable structures. In particular we work to leverage material properties and novel construction techniques to induce transformation. We employ flexible biaxial braided geometries to create interconnected large-scale textile surfaces. These braided networks distribute load forces via their internal friction, allowing for uniform structural transformation without the need for complicated mechanical linkages or electromechanical actuation. The ultimate range of these structures has been simulated with computational tools and correlated with physical load testing. We present various applications and configurations of these transforming structures that demonstrate their utility and a new attitude toward the creation of lightweight morphable structures.
keywords material and construction; simulation & optimization; fabrication; form finding
series ACADIA
email bjorns@mit.edu
last changed 2017/10/17 09:13

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