CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id caadria2016_777
id caadria2016_777
authors Aditra, Rakhmat F. and Andry Widyowijatnoko
year 2016
title Combination of mass customisation and conventional construction: A case study of geodesic bamboo dome
source Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, pp. 777-786
summary With the development of advance fabrication, several digi- tal fabrication approaches have been developed. These approaches en- able better form exploration than the conventional manufacturing pro- cess. But, the built examples mostly rely on advance machinery which was not familiar or available in developed country where construction workers are still abundant. Meanwhile, much knowledge gathers in the field practice. This research is aimed to explore an alternative con- struction workflow and method with the combination of mass custom- ization and conventional construction method and to propose the structure system that emphasized this alternative workflow and meth- od. Lattice structure was proposed. The conventional construction method was used in the struts production and mass customization method, laser cutting, and was used for connection production. The algorithmic process was used mainly for data mining, details design, and component production. The backtracking was needed to be pre- dicted and addressed previously. Considerations that will be needed to be tested by further example are on the transition from the digital pro- cess to the manual process. Next research could be for analysing the other engineering aspect for this prototype and suggesting other struc- tural system with more optimal combination of conventional construc- tion and mass customization.
keywords Mass customisation; algorithmic design; digital fabrication; geodesic dome; lattice structure
series CAADRIA
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id e9f1
authors Alaimo, G., Pellitteri, G. and Scianna, A.
year 1993
title A Tool for Typological Analysis
source [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Eindhoven (The Netherlands) 11-13 November 1993
summary Any design problem is faced drawing from the architect's knowledge both case knowledge and general knowledge. One type of the latter is abstracted from a multiplicity of cases of which the common features are recognised in such a way as to single out a prototype representing in the best way a class of architectural objects. If applied to a set of residential buildings and to the flats in them the analysis is typological and it is one of the fundamental ways of acquiring general knowledge to be used to face design problems. The tool we present is aimed at such a type of analysis and is based on the idea that it possible to acquire qualitative knowledge through the statistical analysis of measurable characteristics of the examined architectural objects. It has been tested by applying it to the typological analysis of a set of flats of illegal buildings in Sicily. The procedure is organised in two main phases. The first one consists in a series of elaborations performed during the reading of architectural organism; the second one consists in a series of statistical analyses on the results (characteristic variables) of the first.
series eCAADe
last changed 2003/11/21 14:15

_id sigradi2009_1000
id sigradi2009_1000
authors Albuquerque, Mércia de Assis; Mônica Moura
year 2009
title O Design de Informação na Web 2.0: A interface Resultante de uma Construção Coletiva [Design Information Web 2.0: the interface result of a collective construction]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary We will address the challenges of design information in designing interfaces and functional dynamics considering a content part of the collaboration of users whose commitment to the project reaches various levels. The use of a well-structured iconography and the availability of help, shortcuts and tutorials are some of the resources already exploited, however, there is still room for reflection on the use of visuals and sounds aimed at facilitating the navigability on such projects. Here are some important details that must be considered by examining models of existing applications.
keywords Design; Information; Interface; Hypermedia
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id sigradi2014_192
id sigradi2014_192
authors Angulo, Antonieta H.; Guillermo P. Vasquez de Velasco
year 2014
title Immersive Simulation in Instructional Design Studios
source SIGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay- Montevideo 12,13,14 November 2014, pp. 236-240
summary The paper describes the implementation of “immersive simulation studios” at Ball State University and their impact on architectural design education. This implementation is part of our on-going research efforts aimed to expand conventionally available digital design tools by including state-of-the-art virtual reality (VR) technology in design studios. Two consecutive immersive simulation studios were held during the academic year 2013-2014; we tested teaching/learning methodologies for effectively using the VR simulation to support the students in the design of architectural spaces. The results make reference to the learning outcomes from these implementations and the level of satisfaction of students using the tool.
keywords Architectural Education; Design Studios; Virtual Reality; Immersive Simulation; Head-Mounted Display
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id f227
authors Argumedo, C., Guerri, C., Rainero, C., Carmena, S., Del Rio, A. and Lomónaco, H.
year 2001
title GESTIÓN DIGITAL URBANA ROSARIO (Digital Management of Urban Rosario)
source SIGraDi biobio2001 - [Proceedings of the 5th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics / ISBN 956-7813-12-4] Concepcion (Chile) 21-23 november 2001, pp. 307-310
summary This project is aimed at developing an instrument to reach the city-net multidimensionality (flux /real-space) of Rosario city in Argentina. Both, an integral view and the view of the different information layers of the urban net are required. We decided the used of computers to determine a digital dynamic model. The tool proposed has to be useful not only in search and urban survey but also as a design instrument, to pre-view the urban interventions. Simultaneously this tool is needed to evaluate the urban project’s impact in the city through the passing time as well as to communicate future projects to government and to community all.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ascaad2006_paper19
id ascaad2006_paper19
authors Arjun, G. and J. Plume
year 2006
title Collaborative Architectural Design as a reflective Conversation: an agent facilitated system to support collaborative conceptual design
source Computing in Architecture / Re-Thinking the Discourse: The Second International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2006), 25-27 April 2006, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
summary In this paper, definitions of collaborative design are discussed and understood in terms of a designer’s cognitive collaborations to explore his/her experiential memory for remote idea associations. Based on Schon’s reflective practice theory, Valkenburg and Dorst’s (1998) description of collaborative team designing is adopted as a model for a proposed design conversation system. The design conversation system is aimed at triggering the experiential memory of the designer by associating significant ideas from different design domains to provide different perspectives of a design situation. The paper describes a proposed framework for the design conversation system incorporating computational agents in a blackboard architecture environment.
series ASCAAD
last changed 2007/04/08 17:47

_id 452d
authors Arlati, E., Bottelli, V. and Fogh, C.
year 1996
title Applying CBR to the Teaching of Architectural Design
source Education for Practice [14th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-2-2] Lund (Sweden) 12-14 September 1996, pp. 41-50
summary This paper presents an approach to the analysis and description of the nature of process knowledge in architectural design, the development of a conceptual model for Galathea, a case-based navigation tool for its support, and the application of this theoretical foundation to the teaching of design to a group of about 100 second-year architecture students. Design is assumed as a globally coherent information, memory and experience-intensive process in which professional skill is the capability to govern a large number of continually evolving variables in the direction of desired change. This viewpoint on design has guided the development of Galathea, the model of a tool aimed at describing architectural design through the description, mapping and management of the complete decision-making path of projects by means of the dynamic representation of the relationship between goals, constraints and the decisions/actions adopted at specific nodes and through the creation of a case-base aimed at the storage, retrieval and adaptation of relevant design moves in similar project contexts. This conceptual model is applied to educational activity at the faculty of Architecture of Milan, with the aim of teaching how to govern a project from the outset considering it as an evolving but coherent map of design moves, which allow the adoption of the correct decisions involving the most disparate types of information, experience and memory, and which altogether conduct to the desired goal. The resolution paths of the students, all applied to the same architecture problem, result in a design move case-base, the further utilisation and interest of which is open to collegial discussion.
keywords knowledge-based design; case-based reasoning; design process control, design moves
series eCAADe
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id ecaade2014_133
id ecaade2014_133
authors Armando Trento, Antonio Fioravanti and Francesco Rossini
year 2014
title Health and Safety Design by means of a Systemic Approach - Linking Construction Entities and Activities for Hazard Prevention
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 633-642
wos WOS:000361384700063
summary Education and Research in Computer Aided Architectural Design in Europe faces many urgent tasks. Among the Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC)international scientific societies, only few researches systematically investigate on how to integrate the design solutions with Health and Safety (HS) planning measures, enhancing a collaborative “fusion” of all involved actors in Design and Construction decision making. Process automation cannot be enhanced until design/management tools, such as Building Information Models, can rely only on entities formalised "per se" geometrical items fulfilled by isolated-object specific information. To face complex problems, BIM models should be able to implement and manipulate multiple sets of entities, qualified by clearly established relationships, belonging to organically structured and oriented (sub-) systems. This paper reports on an early stage research project, focused on the identification of operative rules for Health and Safety design. Implementation on the unique case study of Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana functional refurbishment faces two main objectives: one, more pragmatic, is concerned with boostingworkers education about non-standard operative tasks, by means of accurate ad-hoc construction narrative visualisation; another one, more challenging and theoretically complex, consists in modelling "judgment-based" rules, aimed at supporting automated reasoning in Safety Design.
keywords Construction hazards prevention through design; project construction management and visualization; health and safety management; risk modelling; knowledge representation
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2009_164
id ecaade2009_164
authors Arslan Selçuk, Semra; Gönenç Sorguç, Arzu
year 2009
title Exploring Complex Forms in Nature Through Mathematical Modeling: a Case on Turritella Terebra
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 665-672
wos WOS:000334282200080
summary Changing paradigm of nature-architecture relationship has being directly affected from developing science and technologies as well as from the impact of biomimetic inventions in various man made designs. Our perception of forms and structures are also shifting through use of computational techniques. From this aspect, mathematical models can be considered as the first step to analyze the complex forms and structures in nature. In this paper it is aimed to initiate a platform in architecture which will serve for discussions to explore the potentials of these interactions under the impact of computational and information technologies, not only in terms of formal/visual way, but also extending to learn more about the formation process in nature.
keywords Shells, learning from nature, seashells, mathematical modeling
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id eef2
authors Ataman, Osman and Wingert, Kate
year 2000
title Developing a Methodology for the Study of Urban Transformation
source SIGraDi’2000 - Construindo (n)o espacio digital (constructing the digital Space) [4th SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 85-88027-02-X] Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) 25-28 september 2000, pp. 140-142
summary There are certain limitations in studying urban development and transformation by depending solely on traditional media. The investigation of historical urban data, both architectural and site information, is difficult to analyze unless all of the urban elements can be visualized simultaneously. The application of digital media provides a model for reconstructing and analyzing certain architectural elements from the past. This paper describes a research project that focuses on the visualization of the historical development of an urban area. In general, our research is aimed at developing a model and Philadelphia is chosen as a case study. An emphasis is placed on identification, categorization and representation of information in a way that is useful for urban researchers for analysis.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id 0bef
authors Ataman, Osman and Wingert, Kate
year 2001
source SIGraDi biobio2001 - [Proceedings of the 5th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics / ISBN 956-7813-12-4] Concepcion (Chile) 21-23 november 2001, pp. 300-303
summary The application of new digital media provides a methodology for reconstructing and analyzing certain architectural elements from the past. In this paper, a research project is described to develop a prototype system to represent and manipulate information in urban settings. In general, our research is aimed at developing a prototype urban database model and Philadelphia is chosen as a case study. An emphasis is placed on identification, categorization and representation of information in a way that is useful for urban researchers for analysis.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id 242d
authors Atkin, Brian L. and Gill, E. Moira
year 1986
title CAD and Management of Construction Projects
source Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, Vol. 112, December, pp. 557-565
summary The increasing interest in computer-aided design (CAD) has prompted research that is aimed at identifying the opportunities for construction managers and building contractors. It has been found that the use of CAD systems in the U.K. is mainly confined to the production of detailed drawings. Indeed, most of the systems used are 2-D drafting tools and incapable of supporting the integration of even modest amounts of nongraphical (construction) data. On the other hand, many 3-D modeling systems have the potential to integrate construction data, although they appear to be almostignored. The use of 3-D modeling systems is considered to be the most suitable vehicle for successfully integrating these data. However, this is likely to necessitate the introduction of separate databases, preferably of the relational type. The use of 3-D modeling systems in assessing the construction implications of outline designs also presents interesting possibilities and is discussed.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id ecaade2018_261
id ecaade2018_261
authors Austern, Guy, Capeluto, Isaac Guedi and Grobman, Yasha Jacob
year 2018
title Rationalization and Optimization of Concrete Façade Panels
source Kepczynska-Walczak, A, Bialkowski, S (eds.), Computing for a better tomorrow - Proceedings of the 36th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland, 19-21 September 2018, pp. 727-734
summary The presented research develops methods for introducing fabrication constraints into architectural design, a process often referred to as design rationalization. In the first stage of the research, a computational method for evaluating the fabrication potential of geometries was developed. The method predicts the feasibility, material use and machining time of a geometry in relation to different fabrication techniques. It uses geometric properties to mathematically estimate these parameters without simulating the actual machining. The second stage of the research describes processes for adapting architectural designs to their fabrication technique. The evaluation method previously developed is used as a fitness criterion for a computational optimization algorithm aimed at adapting concrete façade elements to the fabrication constraints of their molds. A case study demonstrates how the optimization process succeeded in improving the feasibility of different geometries within a time-frame suitable to the architectural design process, and without significant changes to the initial design.
keywords Optimization; Digital Fabrication; Rationalization; Computational Design Process
series eCAADe
last changed 2018/07/24 10:23

_id ecaade2016_228
id ecaade2016_228
authors Balaban, Ozgun and Tuncer, Bige
year 2016
title Visualizing Urban Sports Movement
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 89-94
wos WOS:000402064400008
summary In this study, a visualization tool that maps outdoor physical activity such as runs on a map by specifying time, location, activity, gender, age group, etc. is created. This tool reveals the usage patterns of streets within a city for outdoor physical activity. This tool is created within a larger research project that investigates the influence of streets on the leisure walking activity within cities. For this purpose, the tool is capable of presenting the collected multi-modal data that includes personal fitness data, weather data, spatial data, and crime data. Moreover, the tool creates new analysis capabilities such as displaying usage of streets by urban joggers. The research project in which this tool will be used is aimed for designers/planners to improve streets for 'runnability'.
keywords Sports Activity; Big Data; Urban Visualization; Fitness Applications
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id ecaade2016_ws-intelligent
id ecaade2016_ws-intelligent
authors Baquero, Pablo, Montas, Nelson and Giannopoulou, Effimia
year 2016
title Transformational Intelligent Systems - Parametric Simulation Workshop
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 73-76
wos WOS:000402063700008
summary This workshop intends to propose a specific kinetic design application, to define an architectural component and to simulate Shape Memory Alloy material behavior. The objective of the workshop is to simulate the experiment before the fabrication, itself aimed to model and anticipate the application's physical behavior traits as a means to preview assembly.
keywords digital simulation; muscle wires; programmable matter; responsive components; kinetic architectural systems
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id cf2011_p170
id cf2011_p170
authors Barros, Mário; Duarte José, Chaparro Bruno
year 2011
title Thonet Chairs Design Grammar: a Step Towards the Mass Customization of Furniture
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 181-200.
summary The paper presents the first phase of research currently under development that is focused on encoding Thonet design style into a generative design system using a shape grammar. The ultimate goal of the work is the design and production of customizable chairs using computer assisted tools, establishing a feasible practical model of the paradigm of mass customization (Davis, 1987). The current research step encompasses the following three steps: (1) codification of the rules describing Thonet design style into a shape grammar; (2) implementing the grammar into a computer tool as parametric design; and (3) rapid prototyping of customized chair designs within the style. Future phases will address the transformation of the Thonet’s grammar to create a new style and the production of real chair designs in this style using computer aided manufacturing. Beginning in the 1830’s, Austrian furniture designer Michael Thonet began experimenting with forming steam beech, in order to produce lighter furniture using fewer components, when compared with the standards of the time. Using the same construction principles and standardized elements, Thonet produced different chairs designs with a strong formal resemblance, creating his own design language. The kit assembly principle, the reduced number of elements, industrial efficiency, and the modular approach to furniture design as a system of interchangeable elements that may be used to assemble different objects enable him to become a pioneer of mass production (Noblet, 1993). The most paradigmatic example of the described vision of furniture design is the chair No. 14 produced in 1858, composed of six structural elements. Due to its simplicity, lightness, ability to be stored in flat and cubic packaging for individual of collective transportation, respectively, No. 14 became one of the most sold chairs worldwide, and it is still in production nowadays. Iconic examples of mass production are formally studied to provide insights to mass customization studies. The study of the shape grammar for the generation of Thonet chairs aimed to ensure rules that would make possible the reproduction of the selected corpus, as well as allow for the generation of new chairs within the developed grammar. Due to the wide variety of Thonet chairs, six chairs were randomly chosen to infer the grammar and then this was fine tuned by checking whether it could account for the generation of other designs not in the original corpus. Shape grammars (Stiny and Gips, 1972) have been used with sucesss both in the analysis as in the synthesis of designs at different scales, from product design to building and urban design. In particular, the use of shape grammars has been efficient in the characterization of objects’ styles and in the generation of new designs within the analyzed style, and it makes design rules amenable to computers implementation (Duarte, 2005). The literature includes one other example of a grammar for chair design by Knight (1980). In the second step of the current research phase, the outlined shape grammar was implemented into a computer program, to assist the designer in conceiving and producing customized chairs using a digital design process. This implementation was developed in Catia by converting the grammar into an equivalent parametric design model. In the third phase, physical models of existing and new chair designs were produced using rapid prototyping. The paper describes the grammar, its computer implementation as a parametric model, and the rapid prototyping of physical models. The generative potential of the proposed digital process is discussed in the context of enabling the mass customization of furniture. The role of the furniture designer in the new paradigm and ideas for further work also are discussed.
keywords Thonet; furniture design; chair; digital design process; parametric design; shape grammar
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id 2006_674
id 2006_674
authors Bates-Brkljac , Nada
year 2006
title Communicating urban development schemes through architectural representations - an investigation of perceptual responses
source Communicating Space(s) [24th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-5-9] Volos (Greece) 6-9 September 2006, pp. 674-677
summary This paper presents the findings of a research project that investigates peoples’ perceptual responses to different forms of architectural representations as a means of communicating the proposed urban development schemes. By comparing traditional and computer-generated representations, the study aimed to establish whether some methods of architectural representation are perceived as more credible than others. Three concepts were used as the factors operating in credibility assessments, namely: accuracy, realism and abstraction. Analysis revealed significant differences in the assessed perceptions of representations’ accuracy and realism as contrasted with the four different forms of representation. The results relating to the concept of abstraction were chaotic and show highly polarized reactions to abstract representations that collapses the semantic space about a dominant single dimension.
keywords Architectural representations; mediated communication; perceived credibility; architects; professionals
series eCAADe
last changed 2006/08/16 16:54

_id sigradi2015_3.370
id sigradi2015_3.370
authors Bem, Gabriel Moraes de; Pupo, Regiane Trevisan
year 2015
title Printing the environment for visually impaired users: a systematic review
source SIGRADI 2015 [Proceedings of the 19th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - vol. 1 - ISBN: 978-85-8039-135-0] Florianópolis, SC, Brasil 23-27 November 2015, pp. 148-152.
summary This paper presents the results of a systematic review of 13 databases that aimed to identify which rapid prototyping techniques (RP) have been applied to development of tactile maps and tactile models. For this purpose were adopted the key words tactile map; tactile model; tactile scale model; additive manufacturing; digital fabrication; and rapid prototyping. Only 11 results deal with the PR in the manufacture of the devices. As a result of four cases reviewed, there are benefits from psychological and learning fields and also technical such as the resolution of the elements, its legibility and quality control in manufacturing.
keywords Visually Impaired User, Mobility, Way finding, Digital Prototyping
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id caadria2012_014
id caadria2012_014
authors Benros, Deborah; Jose Pinto Duarte and Sean Hanna
year 2012
title An alternative Palladian shape grammar: A subdivision grammar for Palladian villas
source Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Chennai 25-28 April 2012, pp. 415–424
summary This paper describes a shape grammar that recreates Palladio’s villas. A Palladian grammar was previously proposed by Stiny and Mitchell. However, this alternative grammar uses different parametric shape rules and methodology to test the hypothesis that different grammars can generate the same corpus of designs. The formalism is then implemented using a computerised design tool. The grammar includes subdivision rules that allow for a more economical formulation. The project is part of wider research aimed at formulating a generic housing grammar.
keywords Shape grammar; design rules; housing grammar
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/29 07:34

_id ijac201210404
id ijac201210404
authors Benrós, Deborah; José P. Duarte, Sean Hanna
year 2012
title A New Palladian Shape Grammar
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 10 - no. 4, 521-540
summary The following paper describes a shape grammar that recreates Palladian villas.A Palladian grammar was originally proposed by Stiny and Mitchell. However, this alternative grammar uses different parametric shape rules and methodology to test the hypothesis that different grammars can generate the same corpus of designs.The formalism is then implemented using a computerised design tool.The grammar includes subdivision rules that allow for a more economical formulation.A new corpus of solutions is explored and the derivation is compared with the original Palladian grammar. The project is part of wider research aimed at formulating a generic housing grammar.
keywords Shape grammar; Design Rules; Housing Grammar
series journal
last changed 2013/01/09 10:18

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