CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id cf2015_240
id cf2015_240
authors Aksoy, Yazgi Badem; Çagdas, Gülen and Balaban, Özgün
year 2015
title A model for sustainable site layout design of social housing with Pareto Genetic Algorithm: SSPM
source The next city - New technologies and the future of the built environment [16th International Conference CAAD Futures 2015. Sao Paulo, July 8-10, 2015. Electronic Proceedings/ ISBN 978-85-85783-53-2] Sao Paulo, Brazil, July 8-10, 2015, pp. 240.
summary Nowadays as the aim to reduce the environmental impact of buildings becomes more apparent, a new architectural design approach is gaining momentum called sustainable architectural design. Sustainable architectural design process includes some regulations itself, which requires calculations, comparisons and consists of several possible conflicting objectives that need to be considered together. A successful green building design can be performed by the creation of alternative designs generated according to all the sustainability parameters and local regulations in conceptual design stage. As there are conflicting criteria's according to LEED and BREAM sustainable site parameters, local regulations and local climate conditions, an efficient decision support system can be developed by the help of Pareto based non-dominated genetic algorithm (NSGA-II) which is used for several possibly conflicting objectives that need to be considered together. In this paper, a model which aims to produce site layout alternatives according to sustainability criteria for cooperative apartment house complexes, will be mentioned.
keywords Sustainable Site Layout Design, Multi Objective Genetic Algorithm, LEED-BREEAM.
series CAAD Futures
type normal paper
last changed 2015/06/29 07:30

_id sigradi2006_e160c
id sigradi2006_e160c
authors Andrade, Max and Cheng, Liang-Yee
year 2006
title Diretrizez Geométricas de Auxílio ao Processo de Projeto de Edifícios Residenciais [Geometrical Guidelines to Aid the Design of Floor Plants of Residential Buildings]
source SIGraDi 2006 - [Proceedings of the 10th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Santiago de Chile - Chile 21-23 November 2006, pp. 243-247
summary This paper discusses the basic principles of a geometric method to aid the design process of residential buildings. It makes part of the initial phases of a research whose aim is to develop a computer system to aid the sketching and evaluation of floor plant design of multi-storied residential buildings. The fundamental idea of the research is the existence of some basic patterns of floor plants that reflect the designer’s mental models in this category of building. The models are regarding the usage of the space such as forms and dimensions, the elements for the circulation and the external skins. During the design process, architects work on each one of these models to generate the sketches of the floor plant layout. Generally, the layout of an apartment in multi-storied buildings depends basically on the internal dynamics of the users without the complex relationship with the neighborhood environment as in the case of houses. In this way, it would be easier to identify, to organize and to associate the mental models of multi-storied buildings on geometric basis, which, in their turns, might be effectively used as inputs for the layout planning of new design. By applying the geometric basis, the architects may reduce the universe of feasible alternatives into a small group of heuristic solutions that can be described by using few simple guidelines. In addition to this, the geometric bases of the existing buildings might be used to build a knowledge-based system to aid the architectural design. The objective of this paper is to show some initial results of the research obtained from a survey and the case studies of form, dimensions and topology of existing buildings. To limit the scope of the discussion, only residential buildings with two to three bedrooms are considered. At first, a survey of plants of residential buildings with two and three bedrooms, in Brazil, is carried out. In the next step, the dimensions, shape, external skin perimeter, circulation system and accessibility are analyzed. Finally, typical topologies of the building are investigated.
keywords Design process; geometric method; residential buildings
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id 735a
authors Anh, Tran Hoai
year 1992
source Proceedings of the 4rd European Full-Scale Modelling Conference / Lausanne (Switzerland) 9-12 September 1992, Part A, pp. 19-30
summary This study is a part of a licentiate thesis on "Functional kitchen for the Vietnamese cooking way"at the Department of Architecture and Development studies, Lund University. The issues it is dealing with are: (1) Inadequacy of kitchen design in the apartment buildings in Hanoi, where the kitchen is often designed as a mere cooking place - other parts of the food making process are not given any attention. (2) Lack of standard dimensional and planning criteria for functional kitchen which can serve as bases for kitchen design. // The thesis aims at finding out indicators on functional spatial requirements for kitchen, which can serve as guide-line for designing functional kitchen for Hanoi. One of the main propositions in the thesis is that functional kitchens for Hanoi should be organised to permit the culinary activities done according to the Vietnamese urban culinary practice. This is based on the concept that the culinary activity is an expression Of culture, thus the practice of preparing meal in the present context of the urban households in Hanoi has an established pattern, method which demand a suitable area and arrangement in the kitchen. This pattern and cooking method should make up the functional requirement for kitchen in Hanoi, and be taken in to account if functional kitchen designing is to be achieved. In the context of the space-limited apartment building of Hanoi, special focus is given to find out indicators on the minimum functional spatial requirements of the kitchen works.
keywords Full-scale Modeling, Model Simulation, Real Environments
series other
type normal paper
last changed 2004/05/04 13:29

_id acadia12_439
id acadia12_439
authors As, Imdat ; Angelico, Maria
year 2012
title Crowdsourcing Architecture: A Disruptive Model in Architectural Practice
source ACADIA 12: Synthetic Digital Ecologies [Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-62407-267-3] San Francisco 18-21 October, 2012), pp. 439-443
summary This paper discusses the use of crowdsourcing as a new approach for architectural design acquisition. We will give an overview of the concept of crowdsourcing, and elaborate on its particular application in architecture via concrete projects executed on Arcbazar, a firstof- its-kind crowdsourcing platform for architectural design services. We argue that online crowdsourcing platforms can have an immense impact on smaller-scale design challenges, e.g., home remodeling projects and landscape and interior design challenges, and can potentially carry these often neglected projects into the architectural design sphere. In this paper we will discuss the methods and techniques of architectural crowdsourcing and illustrate the processes and outcomes through a series of projects: a remodeling project for a closet; an interior design challenge for a dining space; and a layout problem for an apartment complex. We will then evaluate the protocol and outcome of architectural crowdsourcing, and convey the professional and popular media response to this new method of architectural design acquisition.
keywords crowdsourcing , competitions , networking , interaction , collaboration
series ACADIA
type panel paper
last changed 2013/01/09 10:06

_id sigradi2013_259
id sigradi2013_259
authors Barbosa Curi, Camila; Neander Furtado Silva
year 2013
title Habitação na Sociedade de Informação: Configurador de Design para o Mercado Imobiliário Brasileiro [Housing in the Information Society: Design Configurator for the Brazilian Real Estate Market]
source SIGraDi 2013 [Proceedings of the 17th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Chile - Valparaíso 20 - 22 November 2013, pp. 76 - 80
summary In this paper, we present preliminary specifications for a computer design tool for the application of mass customization in middle class apartment design in Brazil. Believing that in the digital era, network communication and digital design tools combined may create a design environment that considers consumer needs and preferences, we present a simple drafting of a computer tool that makes use of those concepts. And therefore we believe to contribute for the future construction of a design system that redefines problem scenarios, rather than providing individual solutions, repositioning architects and clients in the design process.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id db71
authors Chien, S.-F. and Shih, S.-G.
year 2000
title A Web Environment to Support User Participation in the Development of Apartment Buildings
source Special Focus Symposium on WWW as the Framework for Collaboration, InterSymp 2000, July 31-August 5, Baden-Baden, Germany, pp. 225-231
summary In Taiwan, apartments are sold before ever been built. Apartment buyers can customize their units until the construction takes place. This customization process has become a very unique form of user participation in the development of apartment buildings in Taiwan. However, in all customizations, large amount of information has to be documented and exchanged between related agencies for each apartment unit. For an apartment building that contains over 40 units, managing the information can be a daunting task. We are developing a web environment to support the customization process and enable efficient management and timely exchanges of information. The environment provides three levels of design interaction to encourage user participation in a controlled customization process. This paper describes the framework of this web environment, illustrates its functionality through a running prototype, and discusses technical issues encountered during its implementation.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id sigradi2012_130
id sigradi2012_130
authors Dutt, Florina; Das, Subhajit
year 2012
title Designing Eco Adaptable Residence in a Hot & Humid Climate, in Kolkata, India
source SIGraDi 2012 [Proceedings of the 16th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Brasil - Fortaleza 13-16 November 2012, pp. 509-512
summary The research paper outlines the novel design methodology undertaken to redesign an existing apartment building in Kolkata India. The aim of the research is to significantly improve the design of the individual apartments as well as their spatial arrangement to enhance the indoor comfort level experienced by the inhabitants. The initial in-depth study of the existing design of the apartment building encompasses a short survey of the comfort level experienced by its inhabitants in terms of day lighting, natural ventilation and thermal comfort. The survey revealed the way in which these issues affected the behavioral pattern of the inhabitants in rearranging their spatial needs for the given design conditions. Consequently, the endeavor proposed promised to significantly improve the aforesaid areas of problem & discomfort for the building occupants. At the same time, exploiting contemporary computational simulation tools and digital three-dimensional modeling techniques the project leverages the same to prove the improvements proposed by research data in the form of scientific & mathematical tables and values.
keywords Sustainable Design; Solar Architecture; Wind Tunnel Test; Eco Adaptable Housing
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id ijac201513206
id ijac201513206
authors Erhan, Halil; Ivy Y. Wang, and Naghmi Shireen
year 2015
title Harnessing Design Space: A Similarity-Based Exploration Method for Generative Design
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 13 - no. 2, 217-236
summary Working with multiple alternatives is a central activity in design; therefore, we expect computational systems to support such work. There is a need to find out the tool features supporting this central activity so that we can build new systems. To explore such features, we propose a method that aims to enable interaction with a large number of design alternatives by similaritybased exploration. Using existing data analysis and visualization techniques adopting similarity-based search, we formalized the method and its elements by focusing on systematic filtering, clustering, and choosing alternatives. We present a scenario on developing conceptual designs for a residential apartment to illustrate how the method can be applied, as well as to reveal the limitation of current tools and the potential interactive clustering and filtering features for the new systems coupled with parametric design.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id ecaade2018_176
id ecaade2018_176
authors Fisher-Gewirtzman, Dafna and Polak, Nir
year 2018
title Integrating Crowdsourcing & Gamification in an Automatic Architectural Synthesis Process
source Kepczynska-Walczak, A, Bialkowski, S (eds.), Computing for a better tomorrow - Proceedings of the 36th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland, 19-21 September 2018, pp. 439-444
summary This work covers the methodological approach that is used to gather information from the wisdom of crowd, to be utilized in a machine learning process for the automatic generation of minimal apartment units. The flexibility in the synthesis process enables the generation of apartment units that seem to be random and some are unsuitable for dwelling. Thus, the synthesis process is required to classify units based on their suitability. The classification is deduced from opinions of human participants on previously generated units. As the definition of "suitability" may be subjective, this work offers a crowdsourcing method in order to reach a large number of participants, that as a whole would allow to produce an objective classification. Gaming elements have been adopted to make the crowdsourcing process more intuitive and inviting for external participants.
keywords crowdsourcing and gamification; urban density; optimization; automated architecture synthesis; minimum apartments; visual openness
series eCAADe
last changed 2018/07/24 10:23

_id sigradi2008_089
id sigradi2008_089
authors Godoi,Giovana; Gabriela Celani
year 2008
title A study about facades from historical brazilian town using shape grammar
source SIGraDi 2008 - [Proceedings of the 12th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] La Habana - Cuba 1-5 December 2008
summary Shape grammars have been used in architecture for analysis and synthesis - in the first case, mainly for the characterization of styles and in the later for the generation of novel compositions. The present research proposes the use of shape grammars for establishing guidelines for the requalification of historical areas that have lost their original characteristics due to improper renovations. The use of shape grammars proposed here starts with the definition of a set of rules for characterizing the original style of an area. Based on these rules, the main characteristics of the area are confirmed, such as siting, proportions between walls and openings in the façades, overall dimensions constraints, and so on. Next, the rules of the grammar are transformed, to allow the use of contemporary building materials, as well as the incorporation of contemporary living styles in the new design. Rules must take into account two cases: original buildings that have been inadequately transformed, and buildings that have been completely torn down and will replace been completely replaced by new constructions. Both cases need to be harmonious with the remaining original buildings, however without simply copying the existing style. In both cases, rules have been used to establish the guidelines for the renovations, which resulted in modern urban environments that resemble the original historical sites in terms of spatial relations and proportions. They also create an appropriate environment for the observations of the preserved original buildings, which would otherwise look like aliens in a completely transformed neighborhood. The latter case is very common in most Brazilian cities, especially in the case of São Paulo, where houses from the late 1800´s and early 1900´s are flanked by high rise apartment buildings. In order to develop and test the proposed method, a study will be carried out in a small Brazilian town called Monte Alegre do Sul. The town was chosen because its original urban morphology, developed in the XIXth century, is still relatively well preserved, although part of the original façades have been transformed. The objective of the research is to develop a shape grammar to set guidelines for the re-adaptation of the already renovated façades and reconstruction of other ones in Monte Alegre do Sul.
keywords Shape grammar, generative design systems
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id sigradi2015_11.222
id sigradi2015_11.222
authors Griz, Cristiana; Guedes, Vanessa; Mendes, Letícia; Amorim, Luiz
year 2015
title To reform or not to reform? Analysis of the influence of the shape in the customization of apartment projects
source SIGRADI 2015 [Proceedings of the 19th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - vol. 2 - ISBN: 978-85-8039-133-6] Florianópolis, SC, Brasil 23-27 November 2015, pp. 677-685.
summary The starting point for this research was carried out through an investigation that measured in what extent original projects proposed by the real estate market were customized, resulting in Reformed Projects. It is known that many factors can influence this customization process. This phase of the research is restricted to formal and constructive factors, aiming to analyze how these can influence the customization. The shape grammar, used as an analytical tool, showed that the shape of the original projects had little influence on the result of the reformed ones, indicating that factors of other nature may be more decisive in the customization process.
keywords Shape Grammar
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id sigradi2016_512
id sigradi2016_512
authors Griz, Cristiana; Mendes, Letícia; Amorim, Luiz; Holanda, Maria Augusta; Carvalho, Thais
year 2016
title O meu modo de morar: uma gramática para reformar projetos de apartamentos [My way of living: a grammar to reform apartment projects]
source SIGraDi 2016 [Proceedings of the 20th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Argentina, Buenos Aires 9 - 11 November 2016, pp.727-733
summary This paper presents part of the results of an investigation which main goal is to propose strategies to guide the design of high standards apartment projects, in order to facilitate the implementation of reforms. The starting point came from a research which measured how projects proposed by the real estate market (Original Projects - OPs) were customized, resulting in Reformed Projects (RPs). This step is dedicated to the development of the Reform Grammar (GR), which, although it purports to guide future reforms, goals to identify reform patterns most used in the customization process.
keywords Shape grammar; Apartment projects; Ways of living
series SIGraDi
last changed 2017/06/21 12:19

_id caadria2007_411
id caadria2007_411
authors Hu, Youpei; Wowo Ding and Gang Yuan
year 2007
title The Adjacency Topological Model for Housing Layout and Its Generating Algorithm, Based on the Case Study of Chinese Apartment Layouts Since 90s
source CAADRIA 2007 [Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Nanjing (China) 19-21 April 2007
summary Our research deals with the problem of space layout planning and chooses the Chinese apartment layouts_since 90s_ as our case study objects. A new kind of data structure for building layouts is proposed which records the adjacency topological information of layouts. The most important quality of our model is that its phenotype corresponds to our visual perception about space layouts which makes possible the morphological analysis and layouts generation. Based on constraint satisfaction techniques the Generating Algorithm focused on enumerating all the possible topology models, under the constraints of program for a new housing layout design. A case study is presented before the conclusion is given.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2008/06/16 08:48

_id acadia18_156
id acadia18_156
authors Huang, Weixin; Zheng, Hao
year 2018
title Architectural Drawings Recognition and Generation through Machine Learning
source ACADIA // 2018: Recalibration. On imprecisionand infidelity. [Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-17729-7] Mexico City, Mexico 18-20 October, 2018, pp. 156-165
summary With the development of information technology, the ideas of programming and mass calculation were introduced into the design field, resulting in the growth of computer- aided design. With the idea of designing by data, we began to manipulate data directly, and interpret data through design works. Machine Learning as a decision making tool has been widely used in many fields. It can be used to analyze large amounts of data and predict future changes. Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) is a model framework in machine learning. It’s specially designed to learn and generate output data with similar or identical characteristics. Pix2pixHD is a modified version of GAN that learns image data in pairs and generates new images based on the input. The author applied pix2pixHD in recognizing and generating architectural drawings, marking rooms with different colors and then generating apartment plans through two convolutional neural networks. Next, in order to understand how these networks work, the author analyzed their framework, and provided an explanation of the three working principles of the networks, convolution layer, residual network layer and deconvolution layer. Lastly, in order to visualize the networks in architectural drawings, the author derived data from different layer and different training epochs, and visualized the findings as gray scale images. It was found that the features of the architectural plan drawings have been gradually learned and stored as parameters in the networks. As the networks get deeper and the training epoch increases, the features in the graph become more concise and clearer. This phenomenon may be inspiring in understanding the designing behavior of humans.
keywords full paper, design study, generative design, ai + machine learning, ai & machine learning
series ACADIA
type paper
last changed 2019/01/07 11:21

_id 9dc7
authors Hwang, Jie-Eun and Choi, Jin-Won
year 2002
title SpaceCore: Metadata for Retrieving Spatial Information in Architecture
source Thresholds - Design, Research, Education and Practice, in the Space Between the Physical and the Virtual [Proceedings of the 2002 Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture / ISBN 1-880250-11-X] Pomona (California) 24-27 October 2002, pp. 197-215
summary This research investigates the spatial information retrieval in architecture focused on constructingefficient metadata that is crucial for data retrieval. Generally speaking, metadata is ‘structured dataabout data’ to describe the resources especially in a digital method. In this research, metadata is a sortof data object to be used in searching spatial information, such as describing a raw spatial data objectnot only as attribute data but also as content, structurally and semantically. There are two issues thatmotivate this research; 1) the materialization of the intangible space as a data object, and 2) thecontent-based information retrieval. In the viewpoint of content-based retrieval, we analyze spatialinformation on the apartment unit floor plan common in Korea. Then we extract the metadata items in astructured manner. To manage the items efficiently, we develop a data model for spatial informationaccording to the concept of “Structured Floor Plan”. For exploiting the metadata, this research showsseveral possibilities of query operations to present a set of sample queries about L-D-K(Living room -Dining room – Kitchen). Implementation of the prototype system is divided into three parts: 1) amodeling module, Vitruvis; 2) an indexing module, SpaceCore; and 3) a browsing module.
series ACADIA
last changed 2002/10/26 23:25

_id c839
authors Hwang, Jie-Eun
year 2002
title SpaceScope: Developing a Spatial Information Retrieval System - Focused on Apartment Unit Floor Plans -
source Yonsei University, Dept. of Housing & Interior Design
summary This research investigates the spatial information retrieval (IR) in architecture focused on constructing efficient metadata that is crucial for data retrieval. Generally speaking, metadata is ‘structured data about data’ to describe resources especially in a digital format. In this research, metadata is a sort of data object to be useful in searching spatial information. Metadata is also used to describe raw spatial data object as not only attribute data but also content structurally and semantic ally. There are two issues that motivate this research; 1) what is the spatial information – that materializes the intangible space as a data object, and 2) how we can search the information efficiently – the content-based information retrieval. Although knowledge of a building’s spatial content is most important in architecture, there has been no logical method to manage it.

From the viewpoint of content-based retrieval, the researcher analyzes spatial information of a floor plan, with a focus on the apartment unit floor plan common in Korea. Then the metadata items are extracted in a structured manner. To manage the items efficiently, the researcher develops a data model for spatial information according to the concept of the “Structured Floor Plan”. The main object of content to retrieve is a spatial network that consists of nodes of spaces and their linkages. There are two ways to organize the metadata: the traditional index files and the RDF (Resource Description Framework). While the index files are still efficient with computability, the RDF applies greater options to retrieve, such as fuzzy predicates, semantic predicates, and so on. To exploit the metadata, this research shows several possibilities of query operations that present a set of sample queries about L-DK(Living room – Dining room – Kitchen). Implementation of the prototype system is divided into three parts: 1) a modeling module using Vitruvius; 2) an indexing module using MS SQL Server? 2000 in conjunction XML; and 3) a browsing module using the SpaceScope browser.

The future works may consider XML-based databases and a knowledge based query language, such as RQL/XQL, working on such databases. The more specific domain knowledge is involved, the more practical systems would be. Even in architecture, there may be a diverse range of domain knowledge, such as design, building performance, facility management, energy management, post occupied evaluation, historical research, and so on. Also the issue of interface should be investigated in depth, so that it will be adequate to the needs of the architectural field.

keywords Content-based Information Retrieval; Metadata; RDF; XML; Spatial Information; Apartment Floor Plan; Semantics
series thesis:MSc
last changed 2003/04/25 05:27

_id 2006_298
id 2006_298
authors Ireland, Tim
year 2006
title Form follows function: Activity defines function, gesticulates space
source Communicating Space(s) [24th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-5-9] Volos (Greece) 6-9 September 2006, pp. 298-301
summary The foremost principle of this work is that the base level of architectonic form is spatial, and that the array of activities relative to the practice of habitation and their associational parameters to each other determine spatial boundaries, which might be uncovered, to define form. The array of activities, which define a particular ‘mode’ of habitation, will vary according to particular functions therefore defining building types. This might also be extended to the individual, in the case of an apartment or house in that the personal activities of an individual might be utilized to define custom form. Therefore defining a place of habitation, which reflects the individual qualities of that individual and responds to their personal mode of living, character and spatial requirements. Computationally I suppose space defined through an array of activities represented in 3D, and that the topology of activities defined geometrically through the application of an array of self-organizing activity maps for the morphology of space, to define form, relative to user/activity associations and context.
keywords Emergence; SOM’s; Activities; Space
series eCAADe
last changed 2006/08/16 16:54

_id cf2015_203
id cf2015_203
authors Karakiewicz, Justyna ; Burry, Mark and Kvan,Thomas
year 2015
title The next city and complex adaptive systems
source The next city - New technologies and the future of the built environment [16th International Conference CAAD Futures 2015. Sao Paulo, July 8-10, 2015. Electronic Proceedings/ ISBN 978-85-85783-53-2] Sao Paulo, Brazil, July 8-10, 2015, pp. 203.
summary Urban futures are typically conceptualized as starting anew; an urban future is usually represented as a quest for an ideal state, replacing the status quo with visionary statement about ‘better’ futures. Repeatedly, propositions reinvent the way we live, work and play. The major urban innovations for the changing cityscape from the last 100 years, however, have opportunistically taken advantage of unprecedented technical developments in infrastructure rather than be drawn from architectural inventions in their right, such as telecommunications, services, utilities, point-to-point rapid transit including the elevator. Howard’s Garden City therefore presaged the suburb, just as Le Corbusier et al proposed the erasure of significant sections of inner city Barcelona and Paris to replace them with the newly contrived towers; the city reformed as the significantly more mobile and dense ‘Ville Radieuse’. More recently Masdar emerged from virgin sand and Milton Keynes from pristine pasture, serving as counterpoints to the paradigm of erasure and rebuild. Despite all these advances in technology and science, little has changed in the paradigm of urban form; the choices we have today are largely restricted to the suburban house or the apartment in the tower. Should the “next city” offer an alternative vision for the future, and what new design processes are required to realize the next city?
keywords Urban futures, Complex Adaptive Systems, parametric urbanism.
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2015/06/29 05:55

_id caadria2007_645
id caadria2007_645
authors Lee, Ji-Hyun; Tian-Chiu Li
year 2007
title Fuzzy-Based Direct Manipulation: Focused on User Participation in Apartment Plan Design Process
source CAADRIA 2007 [Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Nanjing (China) 19-21 April 2007
summary Physically-based manipulation can be recognized as a promising approach to implement interactive computational tools to solve the user participation problems. To support the designer’s justifications as well as to clarify the innately ambiguous expressions provided by the clients, we propose to build a fuzzy-based expert system integrated with a 3D physically based manipulation. This paper focuses on a system prototype for the client customization process in apartment plan design to exemplify our concepts.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2008/06/16 08:48

_id cf2009_700
id cf2009_700
authors Lee, Juhyun; Song, Jeong Hwa and Oh, Kunsoo
year 2009
title RFID applications in a building project
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, PUM, 2009, pp. 700- 712
summary As a new paradigm for construction in the ubiquitous era, IT Technology like RFID is an emerging issue in the building industry. For the purpose of RFID technology application in the building industry, this research suggests the Information Lifecycle Management using RFID technology in apartment building project and deals with the context-aware scenario for RFID technology application. The final objective of the research intends to develop the RFID application for the construction industry. From the tagging nodes at the material manufacture stage to the reading nodes at the end stage of the construction process, the flow of the RFID information deals with the synthetic application connecting physical construction material with electronic RFID information for the management. Furthermore, we suggest how to systematize, distribute and manage the construction material with the Information Lifecycle Management.
keywords RFID, management, material, scenario, lifecycle
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2009/06/08 18:53

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