CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ecaade2010_118
id ecaade2010_118
authors Araneda, Claudio
year 2010
title Urban Protophenomenon: Introducing the notion of primordial phenomenon in urbanism
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.207-215
summary This paper aims to draw the necessary distinctions in order to contribute to identify, among all the objects that populate our world of perception, the urbanist´s own object of study. In systemic jargon, it aims to distinguish that elemental unity that ensures that a phenomenon is an urban one and none other. This, in order to help to distinguish in turn the urbanist´s own field of action. It calls into question the widespread belief that this object of study might be the already built city as current academic and professional tradition dictates and postulates instead the study of the urban protophenomenonalternatively, of the archetypal citizen- as a genuinely urban route for the attainment of urban knowledge.
wos WOS:000340629400022
keywords Urban phenomenon; Architectural phenomenon; Urban protophenomenon; Architectural protophenomenon; Phenomenology
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaadesigradi2019_619
id ecaadesigradi2019_619
authors Beyer, Bastian, Suárez, Daniel and Palz, Norbert
year 2019
title Microbiologically Activated Knitted Composites - Reimagining a column for the 21st century
source Sousa, JP, Xavier, JP and Castro Henriques, G (eds.), Architecture in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution - Proceedings of the 37th eCAADe and 23rd SIGraDi Conference - Volume 2, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, 11-13 September 2019, pp. 541-552
summary A column is an archetypal constituent of architecture which historically underwent constant reiteration in accordance with the prevalent architectural style, material culture or technical and structural possibilities. The project reimagined this architectural element through harnessing the synergies of digital design, textile logic, and contemporary biotechnology. Textile materiality and aesthetic are deeply rooted in architectural history as a soft and ephemeral antipode to rigid building materials. An investigation in historic mechanical hand-knitting techniques allowed to extract their underlying structural and geometric logic to develop a structural optimisation pipeline with a graded yarn as a base material and a geometric optimization based on local distribution of knitting patterns. Bacterially driven biocalcification was applied to transform the soft textile structure into a rigid material. Hereby an active textile microbiome was established through colonizing of the yarn with the bacterium S. pasteurii which successively precipitated calcite on microscale within the textile substrate hence ultimately influencing the global structural behaviour of the column.
keywords textile microbiome; material customization; knitting; yarn augmentation
series eCAADeSIGraDi
last changed 2019/08/26 20:27

_id 4
authors Bollinger, Elizabeth and Alvarado, Rodrigo Garcia
year 1998
title Archetypes as Precedent of Virtual Architectures
source II Seminario Iberoamericano de Grafico Digital [SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-97190-0-X] Mar del Plata (Argentina) 9-11 september 1998, pp. 32-35
summary Archetypes are psychological concepts described by the renowned Swiss psychologist Cari Jung. It is possible identify archetypal forms in eminent buildings of different regions and ages, recognizing archetypes as a multi-cultural liaison for various architectures. These concepts function as basic precedents of spatial design in different geographical and historical contexts. The emerging digital culture is establishing a plethora of virtual environments, through web-pages of the Internet, global TV, multimedia CD, video games and immersive devices. These virtual environments offer electronic activities and tools for architectural practice. In both senses, virtual architectures conforms to the visual and spatial characteristics of technologies. Thus, electronic capabilities establish digital habitats and references to contemporary architecture. Since virtual architectures are immaterial constructions, perceptual properties guide the spatial and formal design. In that sense, archetypes allow a basic vocabulary for the design of virtual architectures, linking them to cultural history and giving them a human orientation.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ecaade2015_55
id ecaade2015_55
authors Chen, KianWee; Janssen, Patrick and Schlueter, Arno
year 2015
title Analysing Populations of Design Variants Using Clustering and Archetypal Analysis
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 251-260
summary In order to support exploration in the early stages of the design process, researchers have proposed the use of population-based multi-objective optimisation algorithms. This paper focuses on analysing the resulting population of design variants in order to gain insights into the relationship between architectural features and design performance. The proposed analysis method uses a combination of k-means clustering and Archetypal Analysis in order to partition the population of design variants into clusters and then to extract exemplars for each cluster. The results of the analysis are then visualised as a set of charts and as design models. A demonstration of the method is presented that explores how self-shading geometry, envelope materials, and window area affect the overall performance of a simplified building type. The demonstration shows that although it is possible to derive general knowledge linking architectural features to design performance, the process is still not straightforward. The paper ends with a discussion on how the method can be further improved.
wos WOS:000372317300027
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id 8d4d
id 8d4d
authors Leymarie F, Derix C, Miranda P, Coates P, Calderon C
year 2008
title Medial Representations for driving the Architectural Creative Process
source International Architecture Symposium, Barcelona, April 2008
summary Medial representations of shape provide a powerful framework for the analysis and genesis of architectural forms,layouts, landscapes, cityscapes. In this paper we explore their potential use in driving the architectural creative process for 2D and 3D applications. We consider both the aspects of (i) the analysis of exisiting architectural layouts, and (ii) the genesis of novel ones. The archetypal medial representation of shape is the “medial axis” of Harry Blum (circa 1960). Boundary elements, the outline samples of the objects of interest, are used as the source of a wavefront propagation, for which the quenching points constitute axial symmetries. In 2D layout applications the resulting medial axis (MA) takes the form of a graph which unites geometry and topology of the objects and the field they occupy in one single framework. In the following we first survey the topic of shape representation via medial structures and consider their specific use in architectural analysis and genesis. We then report of early works in extending such ideas for novel applications relevant to architecture.
keywords medial axis, spatial representation, user perception, occupancy
series book
type normal paper
last changed 2012/09/20 20:05

_id ddssar0026
id ddssar0026
authors Steadman, Philip and Waddoups, Linda
year 2000
title A catalogue of built forms, using a binary representation
source Timmermans, Harry (Ed.), Fifth Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture and Urban Planning - Part one: Architecture Proceedings (Nijkerk, the Netherlands)
summary A technique is described for the representation of a class of rectangular built forms. Each individual form is produced by applying a series of transformations to a single generic or ‘archetypal’ form, which is designed to take care of the broad constraints, on built space, of close-packing and the requirements for natural light and views. Parts of the archetype which are selected for inclusion in any particular built form are then designated by 1s, and parts which are suppressed by 0s. This makes it possible to assign a unique binary code to each different (undimensioned) built form produced from the archetype. Binary codes corresponding to all legitimate forms may then be arranged in ascending order, to create a comprehensive catalogue. The paper describes such a catalogue comprising forms with up to four courtyards, described by 22-digit binary strings. Metric values may be assigned to the various dimensions of each form, making it a matter of simple arithmetic to compute such attributes as volume, surface area, minimum site area or floor space index. From logical operations on the binary strings it is possible to identify a series of configurational characteristics of the corresponding forms, such as their overall plan shapes, the number of courtyards or the potential for symmetry. The catalogue may thus be searched for built forms fulfilling some set of specifications, for example total floor area, site size and certain desired shape attributes. Worked examples are illustrated from the design of multi-storey office buildings. Possible applications are suggested for this approach, in architectural science and the early strategic stages of architectural design.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

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