CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id e719
authors Achten, Henri and Turksma, Arthur
year 1999
title Virtual Reality in Early Design: the Design Studio Experiences
source AVOCAAD Second International Conference [AVOCAAD Conference Proceedings / ISBN 90-76101-02-07] Brussels (Belgium) 8-10 April 1999, pp. 327-335
summary The Design Systems group of the Eindhoven University of Technology started a new kind of design studio teaching. With the use of high-end equipment, students use Virtual Reality from the very start of the design process. Virtual Reality technology up to now was primarily used for giving presentations. We use the same technology in the design process itself by means of reducing the time span in which one gets results in Virtual Reality. The method is based on a very brief cycle of modelling in AutoCAD, assigning materials in 3DStudio Viz, and then making a walkthrough in Virtual Reality in a standard landscape. Due to this cycle, which takes about 15 seconds, the student gets immediate feedback on design decisions which facilitates evaluation of the design in three dimensions much faster than usual. Usually the learning curve of this kind of software is quite steep, but with the use of templates the number of required steps to achieve results is reduced significantly. In this way, the potential of Virtual Reality is not only explored in research projects, but also in education. This paper discusses the general set-up of the design studio and shows how, via short workshops, students acquire knowledge of the cycle in a short time. The paper focuses on the added value of using Virtual Reality technology in this manner: improved spatial reasoning, translation from two-dimensional to three-dimensional representations, and VR feedback on design decisions. It discusses the needs for new design representations in this design environment, and shows how fast feedback in Virtual Reality can improve the spatial design at an early stage of the design process.
series AVOCAAD
last changed 2005/09/09 08:48

_id 2ec8
authors Arditi, Aries and Gillman, Arthur E.
year 1986
title Computing for the Blind User
source BYTE Publication Inc. March, 1986. pp. 199-208. includes some reference notes
summary In this article the authors present some of the human-factors issues specific to non visual personal computing. The authors' concern is with the accuracy, speed, and generality of the blind-user interface, to make computers more accessible and efficient for blind and visually impaired persons
keywords user interface, disabilities
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id sigradi2007_af91
id sigradi2007_af91
authors Baltazar, Ana Paula; Denise Morado Nascimento; Silke Kapp; Rodrigo Santos Marcandier Gonçalves; Sulamita Fonseca Lino; Amanda Alves Olalquiaga; Joana Vieira da Silva; Felipe José Gontijo; Mara Coelho; Pedro Arthur Novaes Magalhães
year 2007
title The intellectual property in digital interfaces and environments: The noncopyright option in the case of IDA system [A propriedade intelectual em ambientes e interfaces digitais: A opção pelo noncopyright no caso do sistema IDA]
source SIGraDi 2007 - [Proceedings of the 11th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] México D.F. - México 23-25 October 2007, pp. 463-466
summary This paper presents the discussions on intellectual property regarding digital interfaces, which were crucial for MOM/LOW (Living in Other Ways) to develop the system IDA (Digital interface for supporting housing production). It introduces IDA and its conceptual framework and differentiates intellectual property and authorship. Then, it examines the arguments for copyright, indicating them as myths or disguises of other intentions. This leads to examining some anti-copyright movements concluding that they follow the same logic of register. Thus, noncopyright (no license or register) seems to be the best means to protest against the current logic as also for conveying information.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ijac20076304
id ijac20076304
authors Baltazar, Ana Paula; Kapp, Silke; Nascimento, Denise Morado; Goncalves, Rodrigo Marcandier; Lino, Sulamita Fonseca; Coelho, Mara Lidia Rodrigues; Olalquiaga, Amanda Alves; Gontijo, Felipe Jose; Silva, Joana Vieira Da; Magalhaes, Pedro Arthur Novaes
year 2008
title Noncopyright And The Digital Interface To Support The Autonomous Production Of Dwellings
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 6 - no. 3, pp. 279-297
summary This paper presents the discussions on intellectual property crucial for the research group MOM to develop the system IDA (digital interface for supporting autonomous production of dwellings). It first introduces IDA, its conceptual framework, its database and its interactive interface. Then, it examines the arguments for copyright, identifying them as myths or disguises of other intentions, usually based on perpetuating privileges. From that it discusses the way IDA approaches interaction as a means to break the usual logic of perpetuating privileges in digital systems. This leads to examining some anti-copyright movements concluding that they follow the same logic of register of the copyright. Thus, noncopyright seems to be the best means to protest against the current logic and for conveying information towards autonomy of users in their processes of production of space. It also points to an alternative use of computers in architecture as proposed in IDA, which is not based on representation but on interaction.
series journal
last changed 2008/10/14 12:00

_id sigradi2010_51
id sigradi2010_51
authors Corrêa, da Silva Moura Norberto; Giacaglia Marcelo Eduardo; Hunold Lara Arthur
year 2010
title Walking Towards Digital Design Education: Contributions to the Initial Development Stages in Teaching
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 51-54
summary Information technology as it is applied to digital design education has been exhaustively discussed in academic literature. Given this context, the present article is about didactic experiences involving two disciplines in the design course at the University of S: geometry and means of representation. The former has only made use of hand drawing; the latter has applied commonly available generic software, and represents a methodological contribution, which can provide immediate improvements to digital design education.
keywords design education, design methodology, digital thinking, software customization; resources improvement
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:49

_id caadria2018_008
id caadria2018_008
authors Crolla, Kristof, Cheng, Paul Hung Hon, Chan, Ding Yuen Shan, Chan, Arthur Ngo Foon and Lau, Darwin
year 2018
title Inflatable Architecture Production with Cable-Driven Robots
source T. Fukuda, W. Huang, P. Janssen, K. Crolla, S. Alhadidi (eds.), Learning, Adapting and Prototyping - Proceedings of the 23rd CAADRIA Conference - Volume 1, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, 17-19 May 2018, pp. 9-18
summary This paper argues for alternative methods for the in-situ integration of robotics in architectural construction. Rather than promoting off-site pre-fabrication through industrial robot applications, it advocates for suspended, light-weight, cable-driven robots that allow flexible and safe onsite implementation. This paper uses the topic of large-scale inflatable architectural realisation as a study case to test the application of such a robot, here with a laser-cutter as end-effecter. This preliminary study covers the design, development, prototyping, and practical testing of an inherently scale-less cable-driven laser-cutter setup. This setup allows for the non-size specific cutting of inflatable structures' components which can be designed with common physics simulation engines. The developed robotic proof of concept forms the basis for several further and future study possibilities that merge the field of architectural design and implementation with mechanical and automation engineering.
keywords Cable-driven robots; In-situ robotic fabrication; Large-scale fabrication; Inflatable architecture; Cross-disciplinarily
series CAADRIA
last changed 2018/05/17 07:07

_id sigradi2018_1492
id sigradi2018_1492
authors de Oliveira Junior, Jair Antonio; Hunold Lara, Arthur; Moretti Meirelles, Célia Regina
year 2018
title A Shelter in extreme environments: Prototyping of the riverine house in the Amazon
source SIGraDi 2018 [Proceedings of the 22nd Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISSN: 2318-6968] Brazil, São Carlos 7 - 9 November 2018, pp. 661-667
summary This article aims to contribute to the debate in the production of lightweight architectural structures, focusing on the dwelling, as well as design processes in extreme areas, resulting in the understanding of their formation processes. The report of the process of prototyping and BIM modeling of a floating riverfront housing, Solimões floodplain area, the city of Manacapuru, Amazonas in Brazil. In the context of the shelter, vernacular, what would be the most appropriate design processes for the complexity of social and environmental parameters, traditional technological resources in counterpart to the processes of the Digital Age, as a hybrid process, proposing mediation between traditional and scientific knowledge.
keywords Environment; BIM; Prototyping; Housing; Amazon
series SIGraDi
last changed 2019/05/20 09:13

_id 2004_148
id 2004_148
authors Fatah gen. Schieck, A., Penn, A., Mottram, C., Strothmann, C., Ohlenburg, J., Broll, W. and Aish, F.
year 2004
title Interactive Space Generation through Play - Exploring Form Creation and the Role of Simulation on the Design Table
source Architecture in the Network Society [22nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Copenhagen (Denmark) 15-18 September 2004, pp. 148-158
summary In this paper we report on recent developments in ARTHUR: an approach to support complex design and planning decisions for architects together with the simulation of pedestrian movement and the integration of existing CAD tools on the design table. Following a brief introduction, past and current work that has taken a similar approach will be reviewed. Next we describe a scenario that integrates agent-based simulations of pedestrian movement with space creation, and then give an overview of the system before finally discussing findings related to recent user evaluation studies of the system. This paper suggests that the integration of simulated pedestrian movement on the design table, while going through a cycle of reflection-in-action, plays a vital role in exploring possible design solutions and encourages new and different ways of thinking about design problems.
keywords Tangible User Interface, Pedestrian Simulation, Collaboration, Augmented Reality (AR), CAD Integration
series eCAADe
last changed 2004/09/18 06:45

_id sigradi2010_73
id sigradi2010_73
authors Hunold, Lara Arthur; Gorge Canella Eduardo; Giacaglia Marcelo Eduardo; Corrêa Norberto; Moura da Silva
year 2010
title Brinquedos, modelos: uma atividade lúdica se transforma em curricular com apoio das novas tecnologias de fabricação digital [Toys, models: a fun activity becomes curriculum, supported by new digital fabrication technologies]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 73-76
summary This research seeks to assess the use of digital fabrication of toys reusing wood from earlier models produced in undergraduate courses in architecture and design. Froebel (2002) discusses the pedagogical application of blocks of wood that he created, inspired by the information that the architect Frank Lloyd Wright was influenced in his childhood by playing with toy blocks. Among other authors, we found a catalog from the Aladdin factory that is owned by Uruguayan modern artist Torres Garcia. The research aimed to recreate similar educational toys within a context of global crisis and interest in sustainability.
keywords design education; design methodology; digital fabrication
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

_id 15
authors Kensek, Karen
year 1998
title Reconstruccion Digital de Arquitectura: Un Metodo de EnseÒanza en Modelaje, Rendering, y Animacion (Digital Reconstruction of Architecture: A Method of Training in Modelling, Rendering and Animation)
source II Seminario Iberoamericano de Grafico Digital [SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-97190-0-X] Mar del Plata (Argentina) 9-11 september 1998, pp. 132-139
summary Throughout time, scholars have been resurrecting the architecture of past ages, Sir Arthur Evans with the Palace of Knossos in Crete, Heinrich Schliemann with the ruins of Troy, and Thor Hyerdahl with the Kontiki and Ra ship reconstructions. Digital reconstruction provides a powerful means to portray architecture and environments that no longer exist; structures that exist in a decayed form can be restored to an appearance of their former condition; and artist's visions that never existed can be reinterpreted in three-dimensions. These types of projects are highly suitable for teaching students, especially in advanced classes, how to use computer graphics for modeling, rendering, and animation. It is often difficult to gather accurate geometric and texture data and the information that is available is often ambiguous or even contradictory. The ambiguity of the information forces the students to truly study and attempt to comprehend what they are trying to model. Indeed, working with incomplete and contradictory graphical information is a normal part of architectural practice that one often has to deal with in the early stages of design
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

_id ascaad2007_034
id ascaad2007_034
authors Kwee, V.
year 2007
title Architectural Presentation for Precedent-based Learning: Identifying opportunities and implications
source Em‘body’ing Virtual Architecture: The Third International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2007), 28-30 November 2007, Alexandria, Egypt, pp. 415-430
summary This paper primarily deals with architectural information presentation intended to facilitate an understanding of an existing architectural work. The paper highlights issues of concern through an analysis of current architectural publications and identifies opportunities that require addressing. It also demonstrates visualization options through an illustrative digital prototype of The Arthur and Yvonne Boyd Education Centre, a building by Glenn Murcutt, Wendy Lewin and Reg Lark located in New South Wales, Australia, outlining the concept or approach of this prototype, and briefly reporting on a general assessment of its use. The outcomes refresh the perspective of current publications of notable buildings and question the implications that may result with the improvement of architectural information presentation. Could we possibly be missing opportunities afforded by the available technologies more than we realise? Could better integration of media help improve the quality of precedent-based learning? What is at stake and what should we be prepared for?
series ASCAAD
last changed 2008/01/21 21:00

_id acadia07_110
id acadia07_110
authors Kwee, Verdy
year 2007
title Architecture on Digital Flatland: Opportunities for Presenting Architectural Precedence
source Expanding Bodies: Art • Cities• Environment [Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture / ISBN 978-0-9780978-6-8] Halifax (Nova Scotia) 1-7 October 2007, 110-119
summary The importance of precedent-based learning in architecture is well recognised by education researchers. Therefore, attention needs to be paid to the sources of building information and their presentation. This paper provides an overview of a research project that deals with the delivery of information of notable buildings specifi cally on computer screen for the purpose of accessibility to the wider public in general, and architectural students in particular. The paper highlights the critical need to reassess the effectiveness of current available publications. Apart from their traditional print format, architectural publications of design precedents are also swiftly advancing into the digital platform. This platform’s potential to contribute to in-depth learning within the discipline has to be explored and exploited. This paper describes an illustrative prototype digital interactive system that explores the potential of visual content and digital capabilities to showcase and present architecture on digital ‘flatland.’ It adopts Murcutt, Lewin and Lark’s, The Arthur and Yvonne Boyd Education Centre in New South Wales, Australia for the model, while outlining the aims, process, and considerations for its implementation. Finally, it reports on a general assessment of responses from a focus group.
series ACADIA
last changed 2007/10/02 06:11

_id ijac20053404
id ijac20053404
authors Kwee, Verdy; Radford, Antony; Bruton, Dean
year 2005
title Hybrid Digital Media Architectural Visualisation Delivery - Murcutt, Lewin & Lark's The Arthur and Yvonne Boyd Education Centre on Digital Flatland
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 3 - no. 4, 487-502
summary This paper shares ongoing research explorations into visualising and representing architecture through the limited real-estate spaces of computer screens. It proposes greater access, 'interactivity' and clarity in digital representations for the study, analysis and/or digital record of existing architecture by drawing on concepts and strategies - within and outside the discipline - to arrive at hybrid visualisation techniques. To illustrate some of these techniques, the paper outlines several issues in the production of hybrid media representations of the Arthur and Yvonne Boyd Education Centre. This award-winning building was designed by the 2002 Pritzker Prize-winner, Glenn Murcutt in association with Wendy Lewin and Reg Lark. It is recognised as a landmark in Australian architecture and a worthy subject of our representation experiments.
series journal
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id sigradi2011_197
id sigradi2011_197
authors Lara, Arthur H.; Giacaglia, Marcelo E.; da Silva Moura, Norberto
year 2011
title Intervenções Urbanas Paramétricas [Urban Parametric Interventions]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 500-502
summary Renowned Architecture schools are acting globally by means of international workshops. In these, new methodo- logies of digital parametric representations are applied in urban interventions. We bring forward an inflatable solution for sheltering a sports event, held under a viaduct. In this case, parametric technology was employed in the design, with the use of digital fabrication. Several other interventions were proposed for the same space chosen for the action of a multidisciplinary group of professors. Differently from government actions that usually focus on the removal of social problems this workshop sought a solution through technology, new materials and parametric design.
keywords Parametric design; urban interventions; metaballs; augmented culture
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:54

_id sigradi2009_1107
id sigradi2009_1107
authors Lara, Arthur Hunold; Marcelo Eduardo Giacaglia; Norberto Corrêa da Silva Moura
year 2009
title Teaching digital fabrication in the post-industrial era
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary The creation process of a product is a work of immersion and concentration, and is, seldom linear. A primary concept most likely will undergo modifications during the process. In what concerns teaching, a great number of Brazilian higher education institutions act exclusively on the formation of students as specialists in the creation of primary concepts. As for the process of refining an idea, as in prototype production and observation, this phase will only be learned and understood on the job market. Nowadays, new methodologies for digital fabrication put into evidence other strategies resulting from post-industrial production.
keywords Digital fabrication; digital modeling; prototyping; education
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:54

_id cc1a
authors Lien, Kristian, Go Suzuki and Westerberg, Arthur W.
year 1986
title The Role of Expert Systems Technology In Design
source [2] 49 p. : diagrams Engineering Design Research Center, CMU, September, 1986 EDRC-06-13-86. includes bibliography.
summary Using a scenario format, this paper first reviews the nature of chemical process design, showing that designers quickly make major decisions with minimal information and constantly revise their strategy to solve a problem. To automate this activity on a computer will require models of the process being created at several levels of abstraction as well as models that capture the beliefs of the modeler about the abilities of himself, others and the aids available and models of strategies for complex problem solving. The second section of the paper extensively reviews current expert system concepts, illustrating each of them with design examples. It is argued that expert systems are knowledge based. The authors describe many of the control strategies used in today's systems, and also consider different problem representations - rules, logic and frames - and indicate when each might be preferred. The last section presents the authors views on what will be involved in creating a future expert system for design
keywords engineering, abstraction, expert systems, CAD, design process, representation, knowledge base, frames, control
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 08:24

_id sigradi2018_1797
id sigradi2018_1797
authors Locatelli, Daniel; de Paula, Adalberto; Omena, Thiago Henrique; Lara, Arthur
year 2018
title High-Low as expression of the Brazilian digital fabrication
source SIGraDi 2018 [Proceedings of the 22nd Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISSN: 2318-6968] Brazil, São Carlos 7 - 9 November 2018, pp. 718-723
summary This paper is the result of an investigation about the influence of digital processes in Design and its importance in innovation within ephemeral architecture through the concept of High-Low. The ephemeral architecture has the potential to combine academic and artistic knowledge to Brazilian commercial production. Here is presented one experimental case study designed to Expo Revestir for Docol in 2017 that balances the paradigm of computational design with the academic field and viable commercial applications.
keywords High-Low; File-to-Factory; Ephemeral Architecture; Computational Design;
series SIGraDi
last changed 2019/05/20 09:14

_id ac20
authors Lyons, Arthur and Doidge, Charles
year 1993
title Understanding Structural Movement Joints with CAAD Animation
source [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Eindhoven (The Netherlands) 11-13 November 1993
summary The well-established use, as an architectural design tool, of computer graphics using 'fly-through' techniques gives a highly visual overview of design concepts and may additionally illustrate certain specific details, but it cannot show their time-dependent dynamic function. This paper describes and illustrates how CAAD animation can be used to analyse not only structural philosophy but also the dynamic effects of nonstatic loading and thermal movement, thus leading to a better understanding of the design criteria applied in certain elegant solutions. The CAAD video animations illustrate the structural philosophy relating to the facade of the refurbished Bracken House, London and the dynamic operation of key movement junctions within Stansted Airport and East Croydon Railway Station.
keywords Structure, Movement Joints, Animation, Video
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/24 08:46

_id 6f6a
authors Lyons, Arthur and Doidge, Charles
year 1994
title The Animation of Dynamic Architecture
source The Virtual Studio [Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on Education in Computer Aided Architectural Design / ISBN 0-9523687-0-6] Glasgow (Scotland) 7-10 September 1994, p. 233
summary The most valuable resource in education is student time and the greatest asset is the ingenuity of student minds. CAD technology now offers enormous potential to education, but limitations in time and funding, prevent its use to the extent possible within practice. Therefore, after dealing with 'awareness', 'attitude' and 'limited applications', our most important role in education is to encourage innovation. The third year of the honours option course at De Montfort University takes this as its theme and challenges students to explore and exploit innovative applications. One particular area of development has been exploring the dynamic aspects of architectural design which go much further than the well-established 'fly-through' sequences. A great deal of architectural design and design development depends upon dynamic issues which range from movement joints to construction sequence. A visual understanding of these dynamic issues drawn from appropriate computer animations can now be an effective factor in design.
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/09/14 08:18

_id caadria2013_061
id caadria2013_061
authors Lyu Junchao, Sun Chengyu and Zhao Qi
year 2013
title Does the Debate on Stress Effect Lead Evacuation Simulation Models to Different Performances?
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 179-187
summary There exists a long time debate over the rational state of the evacuees in the evacuation simulation. Sime et al. insisted that the evacuees behave rationally in most cases. Following this argument Arthur and Passini concluded that if a setting works well under normal conditions, it will have a better chance of working well in emergency conditions. Such an argument for rational decision-making makes statistical models, such as Utility Maximizing Model (UMM), acting as proper framework for choice modelling in evacuation. However, on the other side, some people pointed out that there exists panic in the evacuation and bounded rationality theory, represented by pruned Decision Tree Model (DTM), should be adapted in choice modelling instead. Such a debate over stress effect causes hesitations and uncertainties when researchers try to select a proper model framework for their practical simulation. This study compared the performances (prediction accuracies) of the UMM and DTM with the same set of choice data collected in a virtual evacuation experiment. With a similar level of performance on both sides, it is suggested that the on-going debate does NOT bring any difference to the choice modelling in practical evacuation simulation. It is time to improve the performance rather than to continue the debate.  
wos WOS:000351496100018
keywords vacuation, Architectural cue, Machine learning, Bounded rationality 
series CAADRIA
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

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