CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 19 of 19

_id acadia06_104
id acadia06_104
authors Barrow, Larry R.
year 2006
title Performance House: A CADCAM Modular House System
source Synthetic Landscapes [Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Design in Architecture] pp. 104-121
summary Millions of persons around the globe live in low quality indigenous, or Manufactured Housing (MH) systems that often result in low “performance” undesirable living environments and, at times, life threatening habitation. Our research has explored mass production principles in product design and architecture, currently at the single family housing scale, with a focus on the recent devastation along the US Gulf Coast as a result of hurricane impact, most notably hurricane Katrina.“Modern architecture” theoreticians have conceived, written, prototyped and even launched business ventures in an attempt to bring their manufactured housing “ideas” to fruition. However, architects have generally had little “long-term” impact in the area of manufactured housing strategies and the current manufactured housing industry remains archaic and problematic. This paper includes our research of other architects attempts to leverage technology in the manufactured housing industry; additionally, we analyzed current problems in the US mass housing industry. We then derived a set of “design criterion” as a means of anchoring our design inquiry for a proposed factory-built modular house system.Our research encompasses both process and product innovation; this paper reflects on our use of technology to leverage an Industrial Design (ID) process that is inclusive of many “design” partners and team members. We are using both virtual and physical output representation and physical prototyping for a factory-built house system; our Research and Development (R&D) is on-going with our collaborating design-manufacture engineering partners from the automotive, furniture and aerospace research labs here at Mississippi State University. Our goal is to use “industrial design” principles to produce mass housing components that provide durable-sustainable housing.
series ACADIA
last changed 2006/09/22 06:22

_id caadria2007_301
id caadria2007_301
authors Barrow, Larry; Shaima Al Arayedh
year 2007
title Emerging Technololgy – Dilemma and Opportunities in Housing
source CAADRIA 2007 [Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Nanjing (China) 19-21 April 2007
summary Digital Technology has transformed industrial manufacturing and production; and an array of Industrial Design products provide increasing comfort and benefit to millions of global citizens via ergonomic and mass production/customization strategies. Yet, housing needs of a rapidly growing global population are rarely affected by digital technology. Shifts in societal demographics, from rural to urban city centres, and concurrently Global Warming and ecological changes are exacerbating the world housing situation. Millions are homeless, live in inadequate shelter, or as in the US Manufactured Housing (MH) market, live in nondurable poor quality “manufactured” houses that are detrimental to health, at best, or during extreme weather events, suffer catastrophic damages often resulting in death to occupants. Nevertheless, housing concepts and related living units have benefited very little when compared to architecture’s related manufacturing industries counter-parts (i.e. automotive, aerospace, marine industries, etc). While Technology has vividly expanded the shape language of architecture (i.e. Free-Form-Design), some may argue that Free-Form- Design buildings generally have beauty that is only “skin deep” and typically focus on providing signature statements for both the designer and elite clientele. In this paper, we will briefly review the role of the architect in the US Manufactured Housing industry; additionally, we will identify the major problems that plaque the US Manufactured Housing Industry. Further, we will review how architects and Industrial Designers use technology in their respective fields and draw larger designmanufacture principals for issues of global housing. Our findings and analysis suggest that an Industrial Design approach, applied in architecture for mass housing, offers a means of improving the architect’s role and technology in manufactured housing for the masses.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2008/06/16 08:48

_id b4c4
authors Carrara, G., Fioravanti, A. and Novembri, G.
year 2000
title A framework for an Architectural Collaborative Design
source Promise and Reality: State of the Art versus State of Practice in Computing for the Design and Planning Process [18th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-6-5] Weimar (Germany) 22-24 June 2000, pp. 57-60
summary The building industry involves a larger number of disciplines, operators and professionals than other industrial processes. Its peculiarity is that the products (building objects) have a number of parts (building elements) that does not differ much from the number of classes into which building objects can be conceptually subdivided. Another important characteristic is that the building industry produces unique products (de Vries and van Zutphen, 1992). This is not an isolated situation but indeed one that is spreading also in other industrial fields. For example, production niches have proved successful in the automotive and computer industries (Carrara, Fioravanti, & Novembri, 1989). Building design is a complex multi-disciplinary process, which demands a high degree of co-ordination and co-operation among separate teams, each having its own specific knowledge and its own set of specific design tools. Establishing an environment for design tool integration is a prerequisite for network-based distributed work. It was attempted to solve the problem of efficient, user-friendly, and fast information exchange among operators by treating it simply as an exchange of data. But the failure of IGES, CGM, PHIGS confirms that data have different meanings and importance in different contexts. The STandard for Exchange of Product data, ISO 10303 Part 106 BCCM, relating to AEC field (Wix, 1997), seems to be too complex to be applied to professional studios. Moreover its structure is too deep and the conceptual classifications based on it do not allow multi-inheritance (Ekholm, 1996). From now on we shall adopt the BCCM semantic that defines the actor as "a functional participant in building construction"; and we shall define designer as "every member of the class formed by designers" (architects, engineers, town-planners, construction managers, etc.).
keywords Architectural Design Process, Collaborative Design, Knowledge Engineering, Dynamic Object Oriented Programming
series eCAADe
last changed 2002/11/23 05:59

_id acadia17_190
id acadia17_190
authors Coleman, James; Cole, Shannon
year 2017
title By Any Means Necessary: Digitally Fabricating Architecture at Scale
source ACADIA 2017: DISCIPLINES & DISRUPTION [Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-96506-1] Cambridge, MA 2-4 November, 2017), pp. 190-201
summary Architectural manufacturing is a balancing act between production facility and a custom fabrication shop. Each project Zahner takes on is different from the last, and not likely to repeat. This means that workflows are designed and deployed for each project individually. We present Flash Manufacturing, a fabrication methodology we employ in the production of architectural elements for cutting-edge and computationally sophisticated buildings. By remixing manufacturing techniques and production spaces we are able to meet the novel challenges posed by fabricating and assembling hundreds of thousands of unique parts. We discuss methods for producing vastly different project types and highlight two building case studies: the Cornell Tech Bloomberg Center and the Petersen Automotive Museum. With this work, we demonstrate how design creativity is no longer at odds with reliable and cost-effective building practices. Zahner has produced hundreds of seminal buildings working with architects such as: Gehry Partners, Zaha Hadid, m0rphosis, Herzog & de Meuron, OMA, Steven Holl Architects, Studio Daniel Libeskind, Rafael Moneo, DS+R, Foster + Partners, Gensler, KPF, SANAA and many more. This paper disrupts conventional discourse surrounding manufacturing/construction methods by discussing the realities of mass customization—how glossy architectural products are forged through ad hoc inventive engineering and risk tolerance.
keywords material and construction; fabrication; CAM; prototyping; construction; robotics
series ACADIA
last changed 2017/10/17 09:12

_id sigradi2006_e028c
id sigradi2006_e028c
authors Griffith, Kenfield; Sass, Larry and Michaud, Dennis
year 2006
title A strategy for complex-curved building design:Design structure with Bi-lateral contouring as integrally connected ribs
source SIGraDi 2006 - [Proceedings of the 10th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Santiago de Chile - Chile 21-23 November 2006, pp. 465-469
summary Shapes in designs created by architects such as Gehry Partners (Shelden, 2002), Foster and Partners, and Kohn Peterson and Fox rely on computational processes for rationalizing complex geometry for building construction. Rationalization is the reduction of a complete geometric shape into discrete components. Unfortunately, for many architects the rationalization is limited reducing solid models to surfaces or data on spread sheets for contractors to follow. Rationalized models produced by the firms listed above do not offer strategies for construction or digital fabrication. For the physical production of CAD description an alternative to the rationalized description is needed. This paper examines the coupling of digital rationalization and digital fabrication with physical mockups (Rich, 1989). Our aim is to explore complex relationships found in early and mid stage design phases when digital fabrication is used to produce design outcomes. Results of our investigation will aid architects and engineers in addressing the complications found in the translation of design models embedded with precision to constructible geometries. We present an algorithmically based approach to design rationalization that supports physical production as well as surface production of desktop models. Our approach is an alternative to conventional rapid prototyping that builds objects by assembly of laterally sliced contours from a solid model. We explored an improved product description for rapid manufacture as bilateral contouring for structure and panelling for strength (Kolarevic, 2003). Infrastructure typically found within aerospace, automotive, and shipbuilding industries, bilateral contouring is an organized matrix of horizontal and vertical interlocking ribs evenly distributed along a surface. These structures are monocoque and semi-monocoque assemblies composed of structural ribs and skinning attached by rivets and adhesives. Alternative, bi-lateral contouring discussed is an interlocking matrix of plywood strips having integral joinery for assembly. Unlike traditional methods of building representations through malleable materials for creating tangible objects (Friedman, 2002), this approach constructs with the implication for building life-size solutions. Three algorithms are presented as examples of rationalized design production with physical results. The first algorithm [Figure 1] deconstructs an initial 2D curved form into ribbed slices to be assembled through integral connections constructed as part of the rib solution. The second algorithm [Figure 2] deconstructs curved forms of greater complexity. The algorithm walks along the surface extracting surface information along horizontal and vertical axes saving surface information resulting in a ribbed structure of slight double curvature. The final algorithm [Figure 3] is expressed as plug-in software for Rhino that deconstructs a design to components for assembly as rib structures. The plug-in also translates geometries to a flatten position for 2D fabrication. The software demonstrates the full scope of the research exploration. Studies published by Dodgson argued that innovation technology (IvT) (Dodgson, Gann, Salter, 2004) helped in solving projects like the Guggenheim in Bilbao, the leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy, and the Millennium Bridge in London. Similarly, the method discussed in this paper will aid in solving physical production problems with complex building forms. References Bentley, P.J. (Ed.). Evolutionary Design by Computers. Morgan Kaufman Publishers Inc. San Francisco, CA, 1-73 Celani, G, (2004) “From simple to complex: using AutoCAD to build generative design systems” in: L. Caldas and J. Duarte (org.) Implementations issues in generative design systems. First Intl. Conference on Design Computing and Cognition, July 2004 Dodgson M, Gann D.M., Salter A, (2004), “Impact of Innovation Technology on Engineering Problem Solving: Lessons from High Profile Public Projects,” Industrial Dynamics, Innovation and Development, 2004 Dristas, (2004) “Design Operators.” Thesis. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 2004 Friedman, M, (2002), Gehry Talks: Architecture + Practice, Universe Publishing, New York, NY, 2002 Kolarevic, B, (2003), Architecture in the Digital Age: Design and Manufacturing, Spon Press, London, UK, 2003 Opas J, Bochnick H, Tuomi J, (1994), “Manufacturability Analysis as a Part of CAD/CAM Integration”, Intelligent Systems in Design and Manufacturing, 261-292 Rudolph S, Alber R, (2002), “An Evolutionary Approach to the Inverse Problem in Rule-Based Design Representations”, Artificial Intelligence in Design ’02, 329-350 Rich M, (1989), Digital Mockup, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Reston, VA, 1989 Schön, D., The Reflective Practitioner: How Professional Think in Action. Basic Books. 1983 Shelden, D, (2003), “Digital Surface Representation and the Constructability of Gehry’s Architecture.” Diss. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 2003 Smithers T, Conkie A, Doheny J, Logan B, Millington K, (1989), “Design as Intelligent Behaviour: An AI in Design Thesis Programme”, Artificial Intelligence in Design, 293-334 Smithers T, (2002), “Synthesis in Designing”, Artificial Intelligence in Design ’02, 3-24 Stiny, G, (1977), “Ice-ray: a note on the generation of Chinese lattice designs” Environmental and Planning B, volume 4, pp. 89-98
keywords Digital fabrication; bilateral contouring; integral connection; complex-curve
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:52

_id acadia06_496
id acadia06_496
authors Jemtrud, Michael
year 2006
title Eucalyptus: User Controlled Lightpath Enabled Participatory Design Studio
source Synthetic Landscapes [Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Design in Architecture] pp. 496-509
summary A new notion of participation is at stake with advances in technologically mediated work environments. The digitally mediated e-design studio has been around since the mid-1990’s and has been employed in various forms in disciplines including architecture/engineering/construction (AEC), industrial design, and the automotive industry. Insufficient bandwidth and insufficiently powerful, crudely coordinated tools resulted in distributed task-based modes of collaboration that did not allow full participation by members of the distributed design team. At the very least, the present “second generation” network severely limits the applications, tools, and modes of communication that can be used in data and visualization intense design scenarios. The emergence of Service Oriented Architectures and User-Controlled LightPaths (“intelligent infrastructure”) herald the beginning of a new age where fully participatory multi-site design may become possible. The networks, visualization & communication tools, Service Oriented Architecture & Web Services, work protocols, and physical site designs of the Participatory Design Studio (PDS) being developed by the authors will constitute one of the first working examples of this future. This paper will briefly outline the “mise en scène” or staging of the technical configuration of the Eucalyptus project; observations and results from the creative activity of the PDS in the context of two case studies; and speculate on the implications for design activity, pedagogy, and a more robust mode of participation.
series ACADIA
last changed 2006/09/22 06:22

_id caadria2007_321
id caadria2007_321
authors Kenzari, Bechir
year 2007
title From the Advanced Model-Making Lab to the Construction Site
source CAADRIA 2007 [Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Nanjing (China) 19-21 April 2007
summary If the building industry wishes to take advantage of the extensive capabilities of CAD-CAM that have been exploited in the aeronautics/aerospace, automotive and shipbuilding industries, then it has to look at what’s happening in the advanced model-making lab. The current exploitation of cutting-edge technologies by modelmakers points to potential applications on the construction site, both at the constructional and organizational levels.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2008/06/16 08:48

_id cfd8
authors Kolarevic, Branko
year 2001
title Digital Fabrication Manufacturing Architecture in the Information Age
source ACADIA Quarterly, vol. 20, pp. 10-12
summary The basic premise of this graduate-level elective course, offered for the first time in the spring of 2001, is that the Information Age, like the Industrial Age before it, is challenging not only how we design buildings, but also how we manufacture and construct them. The guiding notion was that the generative and creative potential of digital media, together with manufacturing advances already attained in automotive, aerospace and shipbuilding industries, is opening up new dimensions in architectural design by allowing production and construction of very complex forms that were until recently very difficult and expensive to design, produce, and assemble using traditional construction technologies. The proposition was that the consequences of these changes are likely to be profound, as new digitally driven processes of design, fabrication and construction are increasingly challenging the historic relationship between architecture and its means of production.
series ACADIA
last changed 2002/12/14 08:21

_id ddss9470
id ddss9470
authors O'Brien, William J. and Fischer, Martin A.
year 1994
title Boundaries, Interdependence, and Coordination in ConstructionNetwork Organizations
source Second Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture & Urban Planning (Vaals, the Netherlands), August 15-19, 1994
summary Of the profileration of new business paradigms in recent years, one of the primary foci has been building closer relationships between firms in the value adding chain. Lean production, which encompasses J1T, supply-chain management, and TQM/continuous improvement, has provided an important paradigm for reorganization of business practices and is in the process of revolutioni-zing western mass production industries, particularly the automotive industry. While lean production is attractive, it is not appropriate for all industries or production requirements. Lean production works best within a relatively stable production volume and stable range of products. "Mass customization" has proven difficult for accomplished lean producers such as Toyota, and requires a different set of organizational disciplines than those used in lean production. For example, in the lean production paradigm, relationships with suppliers are long-standing and steady, while in a mass customization paradigm, relationships with and between long-term suppliers will vary over time, and new suppliers will enter and leave the organization in a transient fashion. The organization form appropriate to mass customization is the network organization (also known as the virtual corporation in the popular business press), of which construction project organization is an instance, At the project level, we examine construction organization in the context of network organization theory. In particular, we examine boundaries between firms to highlight problems of coordination in a multi-firm environment, and the interdependencies that arise due to coordination needs. We provide a conceptual framework to describe these aspects of construction network organization, and discuss ways that different construction firms are dealing with coordination and boundary problems by rethinking contractual relationships and building closer ties with other firms in the network.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id ecaade2015_155
id ecaade2015_155
authors Rosenberg, Eliot; Haeusler, M Hank, Araullo, Rebekah and Gardner, Nicole
year 2015
title Smart Architecture-Bots & Industry 4.0 Principles for Architecture
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 251-259
summary Industrial robots from the automotive industry are being repurposed for use in architecture fabrication research in academic institutions around the globe. They are adapted for a variety of fabrication techniques due to the versatility of their 6-axis arm configuration. Though their physical versatility is an advantage in research, their computational and sensory capabilities are rudimentary and have not evolved significantly in the past forty years of their existence. In the meantime the manufacturing industry has moved on by introducing new forms of manufacturing namely Industry 4.0. In this position paper we look at the characteristics necessary to bring architecture robotics into line with Industry 4.0 standards. By presenting the fabrication process as a relationship model of 'tool-process-outcome' we will examine the way in which these entities and their interrelations might be augmented vis-a-vis Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS), Social Robotics and Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) approaches such as the Tangible User Interface (TUI).
wos WOS:000372316000030
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2009_911
id sigradi2009_911
authors Teixeira, Fábio Gonçalves; Sérgio Leandro dos Santos
year 2009
title VirtusCADE, um Sistema para o Design Virtual de Produtos [VirtusCADE, A system for virtual design of products]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary The knowledge of latest technology that allows the development of competitive products in reduced times is crucial to guarantee a sustainable growth of the national industry. This work presents the development of a computational system for the Virtual Design of products, the VirtusCADE, which is a CAD/CAE interactive software (Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Engineering). The VirtusCADE includes 3D geometric modeling of surfaces and solids and mesh generation. The system uses the parametric modeling of surfaces, including algorithms for determination of intersection between surfaces and for triangular mesh generation in trimmed parametric surfaces. The graphical interface is interactive and allows the direct real time manipulation of objects (lines, surfaces and solids) in 3D using the OpenGL technology. The system prioritizes the usability, implementing several graphic tools that facilitate the manipulation in 3D. The VirtusCADE contemplates the structural simulation through the Finite Element Method. The code architecture is based on oriented object programming, which allows great scaling capability for the implementation of new tools. This project has great applicability in numerical simulation of physical phenomena, such structural analysis of buildings, vehicles parts, with impact in the industries of civil construction, metal-mechanics, aerospatial, naval and automotive.
keywords Virtual Design; Geometric modeling; Finite elements
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 09:01

_id 25d7
authors Tolman, F.P.
year 1999
title Product modeling standards for the building and construction industry: past, present and future
source Automation in Construction 8 (3) (1999) pp. 227-235
summary For the past ten years most sectors of industry have been developing standards for the electronic sharing and exchange of product model data. While several related industries, such as automotive and shipbuilding manufacturing have been relatively successful in integrating electronic product models into their operations, the building and construction industry, continues to lag behind in this development. In order for the building and construction industry to meet the challenges of the future, the development of a product modeling standard that enables sharing, storing and exchanging project information electronically is essential. The paper discusses the rationale behind this assertion and includes a discussion of the industry requirements for the development of a product modeling standard. The paper elaborates on the results of the standardization efforts of the past and present, followed by an analysis of the current development situation. Finally, personal views are expressed regarding future development in the area of information exchange.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/05/15 19:23

_id d703
authors Tovey, M.
year 1989
title Drawing and CAD in industrial design
source Design Studies, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp. 24-39
summary Drawing is an essential component in the industrial design process, facilitating visual thinking and creativity. It constitutes one type of design model, along with specifications, 3D representations and CAD techniques. The design process involves movement from one model to another, and by using representations of different types and at different levels of detail a fluid and inventive design approach is facilitated. Examples of schematic drawings, ideas sketches and concept drawings demonstrate this in product design and transport design. CAD has proved to be highly effective in evaluative and analytical design development, and in manufacture. It is inherently unsuitable for innovative design, but has potential for contributing to evolutionary design, as is evidenced by its proven effectiveness in engineering optimization. Automotive design is almost always concerned with design evolution, and procedures for car stylists to work productively with CAD are being developed in Coventry Polytechnic's SERC funded research project Computer Aided Vehicle Styling. Vehicle stylist's design thinking is characterized by holistic, right-hemisphere processes informed by tacit knowledge and dependent on visual representation. They have particular difficulties with CAD systems. Nonetheless, design techniques that capitalize on CAD's potential and may be applicable to industrial design are briefly described. CAD drawings and conventional design drawings are compared by using examples from the car industry, and from the research project. Tentative speculations about future design procedures are made.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id 4b72
authors Tovey, M.
year 1994
title Form creation techniques for automotive CAD
source Design Studies, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 85-114
summary Although there is a significant commitment to the use of CAD in the car industry, the industrial designer makes less use of it than engineering designers do. Vehicle stylists responsible for the early stages of the process have found that CAD systems and procedures are ill-suited to their methods and needs. As there are considerable potential benefits to the overall proc if it can be based around integrated CAD systems using common data bases, there are good reasons for devising procedures for automotive stylists that overcome the problems which CAD systems seem to present. This project has been concerned with devising such procedures. It has included a collaborative exercise with a motor manufacturer and has resulted in a collection of recommended techniques for form creation on CAD for automotive designers.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id 9e47
authors Tovey, Michael and Owen, John
year 2000
title Sketching and direct CAD modelling in automotive design
source Design Studies 21 (6) (2000) pp. 569-588
summary This paper examines two methods of computer-based car styling: texture mapping and direct computer modelling. An overview of current activity in the field precedes a comparison and evaluation of the methods within a typical framework for automobile concept design. Three case studies illustrate the direct modelling method, showing differences of computer use in each case. Further developments of texture mapping are reported, with a proposal for iterative combining of texture mapping and direct modelling.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/05/15 19:45

_id ijac20109304
id ijac20109304
authors Vermisso, Emmanouil
year 2011
title Design economies of surface: can Architects learn from the manufacturing process of industry-driven projects like auto-cross racing?
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 9 - no. 3, 259-284
summary This paper discusses an in-house manufactured race-car body for the annual Formula SAE® Series competition. The driving parameters for the design and fabrication process are examined with regards to the assignment's ‘format’ as a joint study between architecture and engineering students. Traditionally there has been an inhibition concerning communication between architects and engineers, that is perhaps successfully exemplified through Peter Rice's example of the "Iago mentality" (Rice, 1998) where the Shakespearean confrontation between Othello and Iago is viewed as an analogy to this communication: "In the dialogue of Architecture and Engineering, the engineer is the voice of rationality and reasoni." Unless dictated by construction necessities, research between these two disciplines is not sought as regularly as we would hope for; we are therefore, interested to assess the analog and computational techniques used from a design perspective, and, by understanding the implications of working among two different but similarly geared backgrounds, describe possible improvements on real-size projects that require both technical and design input, thereby affirming Rice's belief for creative inter-disciplinary discourse. Finally, the project is a reminder of the common ground between architectural and automotive design, by examining the notion of surface from a cross-disciplinary premise.
series journal
last changed 2019/05/24 07:55

_id f4c5
id f4c5
authors Wang, Xiangyu; Schnabel, Marc Aurel (eds)
year 2009
title Mixed Reality In Architecture, Design, And Construction
source Springer 2009, XIV, 274 p., Hardcover ISBN: 978-1-4020-9087-5
summary Mixed Reality is moving out of the research-labs into our daily lives. It plays an increasing role in architecture, design and construction. The combination of digital content with reality creates an exciting synergy that sets out to enhance engagement within architectural design and construction.

State-of-the-art research projects on theories and applications within Mixed Reality are presented by leading researchers covering topics in architecture, design collaboration, construction and education. They discuss current projects and offer insight into the next wave of Mixed Reality possibilities.

Written for: Practitioners, academics, researchers, and graduate students at universities, and industrial researchers who work with MR and digital media in design and construction

Table of contents PREFACE, by Xiangyu Wang and Marc Aurel Schnabel;

1 MIXED REALITIES: Framing Mixed Realities, by Marc Aurel Schnabel;

2 MIXED REALITY IN DESIGN COLLABORATION: Approaches to Augmenting Virtual Design Environments with Reality, by Xiangyu Wang and Rui Chen; Communication in Augmented Reality Aided Architectural Design, by Hartmut Seichter; A Technological Review to Develop an AR-Based Design Supporting System, by Jin Won Choi; Exploring Presence and Performance in Mixed Reality-Based Design Space, by Xiangyu Wang and Mi Jeong Kim;

3 MIXED REALITY IN ARCHITECTURE: Mobile Architectural Augmented Reality, by Mark Billinghurst and Anders Henrysson; Augmented Reality Visualisation Facilitating the Architectural Process, by Bruce Hunter Thomas; Simulation of an Historic Building Using a Tablet Mixed Reality System, by Atsuko Kaga; Temporal Context and Concurrent Evaluation, by Jules Moloney;

4 MIXED REALITY IN CONSTRUCTION: Key Areas and Issues for Augmented Reality Applications on Construction Sites, by Phillip S Dunston and Do Hyoung Shin; Tracking Technologies for Outdoor Mixed Reality Applications, by Amin Hammad; Augmented 3D Arrows Reach their Limits in Automotive Environments, by Marcus Tönnis and Gudrun Klinker;

5 MIXED REALITY IN EDUCATION / LEARNING: Visualising Future Cities in the ETH Value Lab, by Remo Burkhard and Gerhard Schmitt; Interplay of Domains: New Dimensions of Design Learning in Mixed Realities, by Marc Aurel Schnabel; Debating Opportunities: Learning Design through Different Structures, by Thomas Kvan;

POSTSCRIPT: Epilogue, by Marc Aurel Schnabel and Xiangyu Wang;

Author Biographies; Glossary; References; Index.

keywords architecture, design and construction, mixed reality
series book
type normal paper
last changed 2009/03/06 10:51

_id ecaade2015_301
id ecaade2015_301
authors Wit, Andrew John
year 2015
title The One Day House - Intelligent Systems for Adaptive Buildings
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 643-650
summary As the global population continues to climb and environmental conditions become further unpredictable, the creation of a more robust, intelligent, adaptable yet affordable housing system will become an evermore-significant issue. Existing housing typologies find themselves lagging behind other industries such as aerospace and even automotive, lacking advanced fabrication infrastructures as well as embedded intelligent technologies that could allow for: Global interconnectivity and or manipulation, automatic software/hardware updating and physical/computational adaptability. The use of advanced tools for manufacturing resembling industrial robotics, 3D printing and as well as intelligent fabrication systems currently remains nearly non-existent. Constructed using outdated design methodologies, materials and construction techniques, the current dwelling functions merely as an enclosure for life rather then an integrated system for information, comfort and commerce. This paper questions the current typology of “house” through the rethinking of not only form and material, but by reimagining the dwelling as a whole. Rather then observing the dwelling as a static form for infrastructural permanence, this paper redefines the home as a globalized commodity, which is both physically and technologically connected and adaptable.
wos WOS:000372316000071
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id 6a1d
authors Woodbury, Robert F.
year 1988
title The knowledge based representation and manipulation of geometry
source Carnegie Mellon University
summary An approach to the integration of geometric information in knowledge based systems is described as an architecture for geometric reasoning. The general requirements for this integration arise from the need for rich geometry representations in engineering domains and the conflicting demands of current geometric modelling and knowledge based systems. Four concepts are used as a basis: (1) Classes of spatial sets, which act by inheritance as a means for incremental definition by specialization, (2) Features, which denote evaluated portions of a geometric model, (3) Abstractions, which provide partial representations of geometric objects, and (4) Constraints through which spatial relationships are expressed. These four concepts combine in a synergistic manner to define the complete architecture. A prototype implementation of the architecture, built using object oriented programming techniques and a boundary based solid modeller, has been achieved and demonstrated through examples in the domains of robot task planning and automotive parts design.
series thesis:PhD
last changed 2003/02/12 21:37

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