CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ecaade2016_017
id ecaade2016_017
authors Androutsopoulou, Eirini
year 2016
title Autopoietic Features of the Urban Body's Elements - Similarity studies on network elements' attributes
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 71-78
wos WOS:000402064400006
summary The methodology presented in this paper is grounded on the analysis and relational relocation of attributes of the urban body, deriving from the reconstruction of the urban body as a network configuration. In contrast to the hierarchical constructions, network constructions allow for multiple connections between elements, therefore being closer to the complexity of the associative forces found in the structure of the urban body.Similarity function is applied in an attempt to restructure those attributes of the urban body which emerge from the position of each element (node) in relation to other elements of the network and not from the Cartesian topology. Being able to represent material elements as nodes, counter-bodies deriving from autopoietic -network functions emerge, allowing for an inquiry in what concerns the autopoietic features of the urban body in general, focusing on the application of autopoietic functions which generate the urban body parts and components and on the multiplicity of elements' structure, in terms of association of crowds of elements and sets of attributes' values, aiming at the redefinition of proximity as similarity and of remoteness as difference.
keywords Similarity; Autopoiesis; urban body; Attributes; network; complex systems
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id caadria2017_057
id caadria2017_057
authors Buš, Peter, Treyer, Lukas and Schmitt, Gerhard
year 2017
title Urban Autopoiesis - Towards Adaptive Future Cities
source P. Janssen, P. Loh, A. Raonic, M. A. Schnabel (eds.), Protocols, Flows, and Glitches - Proceedings of the 22nd CAADRIA Conference, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China, 5-8 April 2017, pp. 695-704
summary A city, defined as a unity of inhabitants with their environment and showing self-creating and self-maintaining properties, can be considered as an autopoietic system if we take into account its bottom-up processes with unpredictable behaviour of its components. Such a property can lead to self-creation of urban patterns. These processes are studied in well-known vernacular architectures and informal settlements around the world and they are able to adapt according to various conditions and forces. The main research objective is to establish a computational design-modelling framework for modelling autopoietic intricate characteristics of a city based on an adaptability, self-maintenance and self-generation of urban patterns with adequate visual representation.The paper introduces a modelling methodology that allows to combine planning tasks with inhabitants' interaction and data sources by using an interchange framework to model more complex urban dynamics. The research yields preliminary results tested in a simulation model of a redevelopment of Tanjong Pagar Waterfront, the container terminal in the city of Singapore being transformed into a new future centre as a conducted case study.
keywords Urban Metabolism; Urban Autopoiesis; Computational Interchange; Emergent Urban Strategies; Adaptive City
series CAADRIA
last changed 2017/05/09 08:05

_id lasg_hylozoicground_2010_55
id lasg_hylozoicground_2010_55
authors Cary Wolfe
year 2010
title Queasy Posthumanism; Hylozoic Ground
source Hylozoic Ground; Liminal Responsive Architecture [ISBN 978-1-926724-02-7] Riverside Architectural Press: Toronto, Canada 2010. pp. 55 - 64
summary Introductory summary of developing Hylozoic Series, a collection of life-like architectural structures
keywords Hylozoism, Hylozoic series, immersive environment, phenomenology, systems theory, post-humanism, ontology, autopoietic, perception, nonhuman world, embodiment,
last changed 2019/07/29 12:00

_id d481
id d481
authors Langley P, Derix C and Coates P
year 2007
title Meta-Cognitive Mappings: Growing Neural Networks for Generative Urbanism
source Generative Arts conference, Milan, 2007
summary This paper examines the use of dynamic learning systems and adaptive topologies within neural networks models, and their implications as a tool for architectural mappings. The principal investigation is the ability of such systems to identify/ map/ model/ represent flows within dynamic data sets and identify topological relationships between these flows. A growing neural network [GNN] model is proposed, able to map dynamic data inputs over time. It is based on Kohonen’s early self-organising feature maps [SOM] and takes as its starting point previous work by CECA with neural networks in an architectural context, as well as other examples of neural gases, and GNNs, in order to develop a model capable of ‘autopoietic’ behaviour and ‘meta – learning’. The principal investigation is the ability of such a system to identify/ map/ model/ represent flows within dynamic data sets and identify topological relationships between these flows.

As a case study, the proposed neural network model has been used to map ‘urban territory’, as part of an on going architectural research project, based in North London. The project takes the notion of ‘urban territories’ rather than ‘urban space’ as the field for interrogation, as a description of temporal spatial occupation space, rather than spatial physical permanence. Furthermore, the GNN may be used to identify the relationships between unused and vacant sites along the street. In this way, the GNN may become a means of proposing architectural interventions for these spaces, so that the territories of those that occupy it and the negotiations between them are not lost.

keywords neural networks, adaptive topology, urban planning, generative design
series other
type normal paper
last changed 2012/09/24 17:38

_id caadria2016_651
id caadria2016_651
authors Loh, Paul; Jane. Burry and Malte Wagenfeld
year 2016
title Workmanship of Risk: continuous designing in digital fabrication
source Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, pp. 651-660
summary Research projects exploring the realm of digital fabrication have shifted in recent years from developing novel techniques and outcomes to the development of tools that are part of the design pro- cess. The alignment of material systems with digital fabrication tech- nology and tooling processes have led to new terminology such as ‘digital craft’ and ‘digital making’; both terms imply a relationship be- tween craft and digital design and fabrication. Also implied is an inti- mate relationship between material production, digital tools and CNC fabrication techniques; critical ingredients in contemporary design processes. David Pye’s concept of ‘the workmanship of risk’ is used extensively in current discourse as a means to qualify digital fabrica- tion as craft production. This reading of digital fabrication as craft is limited because the word craft is used as an analogy to draw parallels between craft production and digital fabrication. There is a gap in the knowledge of what contemporary craft practice can bring to digital fabrication as a discourse or more precisely, the mechanism that al- lows digital fabrication projects to be read as a form of craft practice. This paper suggests that craft practice is rooted in the relationship be- tween material, tools and technique as an intricate workflow within a project; quantifying risk is just a means to assess this relationship. The workflow however can be considered as autopoietic in nature; it is both self-referential and self-making at the same time as continuously designing.
keywords Digital craft; digital fabrication; systems theory
series CAADRIA
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id ecaade2010_202
id ecaade2010_202
authors Taron, Joshua M.; von Mammen, Sebastian
year 2010
title Interfacial Design: Situating contemporary autopoietic techniques within the context of the autonomy project and biotechnological revolution
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.253-262
wos WOS:000340629400027
summary This paper reconsiders the agenda of Architecture’s Autonomy Project against the American biotechnological revolution in the 1970s. The authors explore distinctions between autopoietic and emergent ontologies for the purposeof framing current biocomputational design techniques within interfacial design ontology. Emergent search is questioned as a next-generation method for addressing cities as living bodies of information and designing them as such.
keywords Autopoiesis; Integrative design; Autonomy project; Multi-agent systems; Emergent search
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ga0235
id ga0235
authors Turner, A.
year 2002
title Ecomorphic Dialogues
source International Conference on Generative Art
summary The biological concept of ecomorphology examines the morphology of the organism in relation to the environment it inhabits. However, the organism itself is an active agent that shapes the environment that in turn shapes it. The two are linked through what autopoietic theory calls structural coupling, and thus the environment itself evolves as an ecomorphic entity. This short paper discusses modelling the process of ecomorphic evolution of an art gallery, which is built around the natural interaction, or hermeneutic dialogue, between people and artworks within it. The natural interactions from the point of view of the person are those based on active perception of the environment, that is, based solely on possiblities that the environment affords to the person. In the model presented here, the possibilities of the gallery are to view the artwork on display, and agents with vision act out the part of the people. However, the artwork itself is engaged in a game in which it tries to place itself in popular rooms within the gallery, moving from location to location to achieve this. Around this visually coupled interaction between viewer and artwork, the walls of the gallery are formed and reformed according to the location of the players, in order to create a constantly evolving space in which the game is played: the ecomorphic dialogue of artwork and art viewer.
series other
last changed 2003/08/07 15:25

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