CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 14 of 14

_id 0574
authors Alison Murison and James Gray
year 1994
title Spatial Analysis for Museum Design
source The Virtual Studio [Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on Education in Computer Aided Architectural Design / ISBN 0-9523687-0-6] Glasgow (Scotland) 7-10 September 1994, pp. 201-206
summary The paper describes how a specially written customisation of AutoCAD enables students of Architecture to use the method of spatial analysis called Space Syntax developed by Professor Bill Hillier of the Bartlett School of Architecture, London, to examine a number of existing museums, to compare the findings against other criteria, and to draw conclusions about the strategy adopted in museum design. Simple interactive graphics enable plans to be entered and compared, so that they may be evaluated during the design process, with decisions supported by objective tests. This improves both design decisions and the learning process.
series eCAADe
last changed 2003/11/21 14:15

_id aef9
authors Brown, A., Knight, M. and Berridge, P. (Eds.)
year 1999
title Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [Conference Proceedings]
source eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7 / Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, 773 p.
summary The core theme of this book is the idea of looking forward to where research and development in Computer Aided Architectural Design might be heading. The contention is that we can do so most effectively by using the developments that have taken place over the past three or four decades in Computing and Architectural Computing as our reference point; the past informing the future. The genesis of this theme is the fact that a new millennium is about to arrive. If we are ruthlessly objective the year 2000 holds no more significance than any other year; perhaps we should, instead, be preparing for the year 2048 (2k). In fact, whatever the justification, it is now timely to review where we stand in terms of the development of Architectural Computing. This book aims to do that. It is salutary to look back at what writers and researchers have said in the past about where they thought that the developments in computing were taking us. One of the common themes picked up in the sections of this book is the developments that have been spawned by the global linkup that the worldwide web offers us. In the past decade the scale and application of this new medium of communication has grown at a remarkable rate. There are few technological developments that have become so ubiquitous, so quickly. As a consequence there are particular sections in this book on Communication and the Virtual Design Studio which reflect the prominence of this new area, but examples of its application are scattered throughout the book. In 'Computer-Aided Architectural Design' (1977), Bill Mitchell did suggest that computer network accessibility from expensive centralised locations to affordable common, decentralised computing facilities would become more commonplace. But most pundits have been taken by surprise by just how powerful the explosive cocktail of networks, email and hypertext has proven to be. Each of the ingredients is interesting in its own right but together they have presented us with genuinely new ways of working. Perhaps, with foresight we can see what the next new explosive cocktail might be.
series eCAADe
last changed 1999/10/10 12:53

_id 684a
authors Bucchard, Bill and Bucchard, Alli
year 2000
title Inside AutoCAD 2000
source New Riders, Indianapolis
summary Companies with multiple seats of AutoCAD have issues that are unique to only them when they are getting ready to upgrade their software. They run into advanced customization issues, networking and file sharing problems brought on by the upgrade, and other problems associated with a new software purchase. Inside AutoCAD 2000, Limited Edition focuses on these special needs while also providing complete, hands-on coverage of AutoCAD 2000. This Limited Edition includes the entire contents from Inside AutoCAD 2000 as well as seven entirely new chapters, and is 25% larger. These additional chapters cover: Visual LISP; Advanced Customization (toolbars, menus, etc.); VBA; Migration Assistant; DIESEL; Installing 2000 in the Business Environment (setting up AutoCAD over a network), and Advanced Plotting. Inside AutoCAD 2000, Limited Edition takes the hands-on approach to getting the most out of AutoCAD's features. Chapters progress from the most common tasks and functions to the most advanced and customizable. You learn by doing, and everything you learn can be extrapolated to your own unique AutoCAD needs.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id acadia03_039
id acadia03_039
authors Clayton, Mark J.
year 2003
title Connecting Digital Tools
source Connecting >> Crossroads of Digital Discourse [Proceedings of the 2003 Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture / ISBN 1-880250-12-8] Indianapolis (Indiana) 24-27 October 2003, p. 299
summary A decade ago, Bill Mitchell wrote “Chroniclers of our era may one day write ‘What was computer-aided design?’ To them, it will just be design.” Because of the proliferation of digital tools for design, we are rapidly forgetting that there was ever design before computing. Ask an undergraduate student to describe the design process. There is a good chance that the student will mention using CAD and 3D modeling. Ask a contractor how to practice the profession of building.
series ACADIA
last changed 2003/10/30 15:20

_id 349e
authors Durmisevic, Sanja
year 2002
title Perception Aspects in Underground Spaces using Intelligent Knowledge Modeling
source Delft University of Technology
summary The intensification, combination and transformation are main strategies for future spatial development of the Netherlands, which are stated in the Fifth Bill regarding Spatial Planning. These strategies indicate that in the future, space should be utilized in a more compact and more efficient way requiring, at the same time, re-evaluation of the existing built environment and finding ways to improve it. In this context, the concept of multiple space usage is accentuated, which would focus on intensive 4-dimensional spatial exploration. The underground space is acknowledged as an important part of multiple space usage. In the document 'Spatial Exploration 2000', the underground space is recognized by policy makers as an important new 'frontier' that could provide significant contribution to future spatial requirements.In a relatively short period, the underground space became an important research area. Although among specialists there is appreciation of what underground space could provide for densely populated urban areas, there are still reserved feelings by the public, which mostly relate to the poor quality of these spaces. Many realized underground projects, namely subways, resulted in poor user satisfaction. Today, there is still a significant knowledge gap related to perception of underground space. There is also a lack of detailed documentation on actual applications of the theories, followed by research results and applied techniques. This is the case in different areas of architectural design, but for underground spaces perhaps most evident due to their infancv role in general architectural practice. In order to create better designs, diverse aspects, which are very often of qualitative nature, should be considered in perspective with the final goal to improve quality and image of underground space. In the architectural design process, one has to establish certain relations among design information in advance, to make design backed by sound rationale. The main difficulty at this point is that such relationships may not be determined due to various reasons. One example may be the vagueness of the architectural design data due to linguistic qualities in them. Another, may be vaguely defined design qualities. In this work, the problem was not only the initial fuzziness of the information but also the desired relevancy determination among all pieces of information given. Presently, to determine the existence of such relevancy is more or less a matter of architectural subjective judgement rather than systematic, non-subjective decision-making based on an existing design. This implies that the invocation of certain tools dealing with fuzzy information is essential for enhanced design decisions. Efficient methods and tools to deal with qualitative, soft data are scarce, especially in the architectural domain. Traditionally well established methods, such as statistical analysis, have been used mainly for data analysis focused on similar types to the present research. These methods mainly fall into a category of pattern recognition. Statistical regression methods are the most common approaches towards this goal. One essential drawback of this method is the inability of dealing efficiently with non-linear data. With statistical analysis, the linear relationships are established by regression analysis where dealing with non-linearity is mostly evaded. Concerning the presence of multi-dimensional data sets, it is evident that the assumption of linear relationships among all pieces of information would be a gross approximation, which one has no basis to assume. A starting point in this research was that there maybe both linearity and non-linearity present in the data and therefore the appropriate methods should be used in order to deal with that non-linearity. Therefore, some other commensurate methods were adopted for knowledge modeling. In that respect, soft computing techniques proved to match the quality of the multi-dimensional data-set subject to analysis, which is deemed to be 'soft'. There is yet another reason why soft-computing techniques were applied, which is related to the automation of knowledge modeling. In this respect, traditional models such as Decision Support Systems and Expert Systems have drawbacks. One important drawback is that the development of these systems is a time-consuming process. The programming part, in which various deliberations are required to form a consistent if-then rule knowledge based system, is also a time-consuming activity. For these reasons, the methods and tools from other disciplines, which also deal with soft data, should be integrated into architectural design. With fuzzy logic, the imprecision of data can be dealt with in a similar way to how humans do it. Artificial neural networks are deemed to some extent to model the human brain, and simulate its functions in the form of parallel information processing. They are considered important components of Artificial Intelligence (Al). With neural networks, it is possible to learn from examples, or more precisely to learn from input-output data samples. The combination of the neural and fuzzy approach proved to be a powerful combination for dealing with qualitative data. The problem of automated knowledge modeling is efficiently solved by employment of machine learning techniques. Here, the expertise of prof. dr. Ozer Ciftcioglu in the field of soft computing was crucial for tool development. By combining knowledge from two different disciplines a unique tool could be developed that would enable intelligent modeling of soft data needed for support of the building design process. In this respect, this research is a starting point in that direction. It is multidisciplinary and on the cutting edge between the field of Architecture and the field of Artificial Intelligence. From the architectural viewpoint, the perception of space is considered through relationship between a human being and a built environment. Techniques from the field of Artificial Intelligence are employed to model that relationship. Such an efficient combination of two disciplines makes it possible to extend our knowledge boundaries in the field of architecture and improve design quality. With additional techniques, meta know/edge, or in other words "knowledge about knowledge", can be created. Such techniques involve sensitivity analysis, which determines the amount of dependency of the output of a model (comfort and public safety) on the information fed into the model (input). Another technique is functional relationship modeling between aspects, which is derivation of dependency of a design parameter as a function of user's perceptions. With this technique, it is possible to determine functional relationships between dependent and independent variables. This thesis is a contribution to better understanding of users' perception of underground space, through the prism of public safety and comfort, which was achieved by means of intelligent knowledge modeling. In this respect, this thesis demonstrated an application of ICT (Information and Communication Technology) as a partner in the building design process by employing advanced modeling techniques. The method explained throughout this work is very generic and is possible to apply to not only different areas of architectural design, but also to other domains that involve qualitative data.
keywords Underground Space; Perception; Soft Computing
series thesis:PhD
last changed 2003/02/12 21:37

_id 841d
authors Gilleard, John D.
year 1989
title Integrating Microcomputer CADr and Bill of Material Routines Using AutoCad
source CAAD: Education - Research and Practice [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 87-982875-2-4] Aarhus (Denmark) 21-23 September 1989, pp. 9.2.1-9.2.10
summary Through the integration of microcomputer-aided draughting (CADr), and in particular with AutoCAD, the industries most extensively used CADr program, and automated routines for the production of bills of materials, a dramatic incr-ease in productivity is possible in the architectural design domain. Working from a variety of material take off methods complete cost estimates may be achieved through the manipulation of drawing data and exchanging the information with third-party estimating software. However, the area of study is currently at a formative stage of development and full integration, although technically feasible, is rarely attempted. Therefore, the paper comments on the development of 'in-house' routines using AutoCAD's data extraction features and AutoLISP; reviews current commercial systems of interfacing AutoCAD with bills of materials and automated specification routines; and, finally, discusses possible future advances in this major area of study.

keywords AutoCAD, Bills-of-Materials, Integration
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/24 10:09

_id 054a
authors Hibbard, Bill
year 2000
title Confessions of a Visualization Skeptic
source Computer Graphics. August, 11-13. ACM SIGGRAPH
summary There is no doubt that visualization is very useful, by enabling people to understand that masses of data and information otherwise hidden inside of computers. However, after many years developing visualization systems I have to confess to skepticism about many of the hottest (i.e., coolest) visualization ideas.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id 2004_610
id 2004_610
authors Ibrahim, M., Krawczyk, R. and Schipporeit, G.
year 2004
title Two Approaches to BIM: A Comparative Study
source Architecture in the Network Society [22nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-2-4] Copenhagen (Denmark) 15-18 September 2004, pp. 610-616
summary The ultimate goal of the BIM concept is to create a complete digital model of the building to insure the generation of an accurate bill of material and cost estimate along with coordinated drawings and details. This goal might need the contribution of various disciplines to provide the needed level of information. The development of capable specialized systems to model specific building elements will definitely challenge the all-purpose architectural CAD. The specificity of these systems will enable fulfilling the needs than a general purpose architectural BIM system. This will lead the industry into creating either a powerful fully integrated BIM system that can handle all required information, or a referential BIM system that depends on passing the information to other programs (and other people) that are capable of handling specific tasks more efficiently.
keywords Building Information Modeling; CAD; Internet; Smart Objects
series eCAADe
last changed 2004/09/18 06:45

_id acadia03_007
id acadia03_007
authors Kolarevic, Branko
year 2003
title Digital Fabrication: From Digital To Material
source Connecting >> Crossroads of Digital Discourse [Proceedings of the 2003 Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture / ISBN 1-880250-12-8] Indianapolis (Indiana) 24-27 October 2003, pp. 54-55
summary In the past, architects drew what they could build, and built what they could draw, as observed by Bill Mitchell. This reciprocity between the means of representation and production has not disappeared entirely in the digital age. Knowing the production capabilities and availability of particular digitally-driven fabrication equipment enables architects to design specifically for the capabilities of those machines. The consequence is that architects are becoming much more directly involved in the fabrication processes, as they create the information that is translated by fabricators directly into the control data that drives the digital fabrication equipment.
series ACADIA
last changed 2003/10/30 15:20

_id b0fb
authors Martegani, P.
year 2000
title Digital Design – New Frontiers for the Objects
source Birkhauser
summary This might be a good small volume to assign a design class in the US, for it is elegant and profusely illustrated with a variety of the latest hot industrial products and laboratory concept proofs, many of which are European and rarely seen by designers in the United States. It has credible short introductions and expecially choice imagery of Robots, Ubiquitous Computing, Artifical Animals, "Multimedia Objects to Wear", communications and guidance devices. It groups other sample images to illustrate concepts of transparency, autonomy of the parts. Paolo Martegani writes six chapters that include the topic categories listed above, and Riccardo Montenegro follows up with two chapters on design history and process. Unfortunately, sometimes the text is a thicket, and other times it's leaden. For example, "Practically all objects are becoming multimedia oriented" is clunky and explains nothing. Elsewhere the book would have benefited from a technical reviewer, as when "Joe's Law', attributed to "Bill Joe of the California Company SUN", sounds suspiciously like something put forth by Bill Joy of Sun Microsystems, Inc. and deserving accuracy. Darragh Henegan's English translation from the original Italian seems rushed and needs more sandpaper and polish. Despite these problems, the pictures in DIGITAL DESIGN make it worthwhile for the bookshelves of designers or design students, and arouse the reader's curiosity about the strengths of the other books in this series.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id ddss9467
id ddss9467
authors Murison, Alison
year 1994
title A CAD Interface to Objective Assessment of Design to Support Decision Making in Urban Planning
source Second Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture & Urban Planning (Vaals, the Netherlands), August 15-19, 1994
summary The Department of Architecture at Edinburgh College of Art, Heriot Watt University, has an on-going project to create useful implementations of the method of spatial analysis called Space Syntax developed by Prof Bill Hillier at the Bartlett School of Architecture, London. Space Syntax can predict the potential usage of each route through an urban space or large building; some routes will be avoided by most traffic (pedestrian or vehicular), while other routes will become busy thoroughfares. It has been used by Architects and Urban Designers to support proposed developments, whether to show that potential commercial activity ought to be concentrated in an area of high traffic, or to change routes through troubled housing estates, bringing the protection of added traffic to areas previously avoided for fear of mugging. The paper describes how a specially written customized version of AutoCAD enables Post Graduate students of Urban Design and Undergraduate Architecture students to test their designs against the Space Syntax Measures. Simple interactive graphics enable plans to be entered and compared, so that plans may be evaluated during the design process, and decisions supported by objective tests. This improves both design decisions and the learning process, and should be useful to many professionals in urban planning.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id ijac20075204
id ijac20075204
authors Quintero, Mario Santana; Blake, Bill; Eppich, Rand
year 2007
title Conservation of Architectural Heritage:The Role of Digital Documentation Tools:The Need for Appropriate Teaching Material
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 5 - no. 2, pp. 240-253
summary Currently, a wide range of digital sensors for capturing our architectural heritage are available. They offer the opportunity to acquire large sets of information in a relatively short time. These sensors include digital photography (photogrammetry-scaled rectified photography), total stations, laser scanners, high-resolution panoramic devices, etc. A lot of effort has been put in the application of these tools in the field of conservation, however a significant gap exists between the information needed by professionals working in the field of conservation and manufacturers claims of these new technologies. The realistic application of these tools for heritage documentation products needs to be addressed. Offering the architectural heritage community didactic material on how and when to use these tools appropriately can address this gap. This paper presents the teaching material being prepared under the CIPA/RecorDIM initiative to overcome these issues and begins to address the need for a common framework of standards in heritage documentation.
series journal
last changed 2007/08/29 14:23

_id 0ee1
authors Veness, R. E.
year 1988
title Bridge Builder: An Expert System for the Design of Non-Equipment Military Bridging
source Department of Architectural Science, University of Sydney
summary This thesis describes an expert system for the selection, design and documentation of non-equipment military bridges. The expert system uses the expert system shell BUILD. Extensive use has been made of interfacing between BUILD and Prolog and then by using Prolog's foreign language interface with Pascal procedures and the graphics interface. The expert system, which consists of rules, Pascal procedures and a graphics package, aims at: (a) the determination of the suitable bridging structure; (b) designing a bridge using material constraints; (c) producing a consistent and sound structural design for the bridge and the necessary support structures; (d) producing the necessary working drawings and a bill of materials for the solution. The graphics interface is used to display and manipulate a three dimensional model of the solution and the hardcopy output. [Unpublished. -- CADLINE has abstract only.]
keywords Military Engineering, Expert Systems, Structures, User Interface, Applications
series thesis:MSc
last changed 2002/12/14 18:13

_id acadia08_416
id acadia08_416
authors Wessel, Ginette; Remco Chang ;Eric Sauda
year 2008
title Towards A New (Mapping Of The) City: Interactive, Data Rich Modes Of Urban Legibility
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 416-421
summary The modern metropolis is a vast environment replete with physical elements and complex overlays of information. The city historically has been represented as a discrete physical object; this allocentric view has become less and less useful as a method of meaningfully orientation and navigation. Today, the city is defined by technologies and flows of information that constantly change our perceptions. While it has always been true that symbolic and religious dimensions have had a place in our understanding of the city, the complex and transitory nature of the contemporary city requires a representation that is interactive rather than static. This paper presents proposals for new interactive modes of urban legibility: data space, based on the work of Bill Mitchell and Robert Venturi; virtual and physical city, established from the work of Christine Boyer and Bill Mitchell; multi-nodal, derived from the work of Tarik Fathy and Thomas Sieverts; and information flows, founded on the work of Melvin Webber. Each approach is introduced with a conceptual overview, nascent examples and a schematic proposal for a computer based urban visualization. Based on this study, we conclude that two necessary aspects of any urban visualization are interactivity and the combination of data and geospatial information. Interactivity is necessary because of the fluid nature of our experience and the diversity of individual intentions in the contemporary city. The combination of data and geospatial information is necessary because the geometry of the city had become less important as a reliable indicator of meaning.
keywords Information; Interactive; Mapping; Urbanism; Visualization
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

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