CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ddss9441
id ddss9441
authors Hammond, Barbara
year 1994
title Computer Aided Urban Design
source Second Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture & Urban Planning (Vaals, the Netherlands), August 15-19, 1994
summary The product of the Urban Design process in the public sector in the UK is usually a briefing document of some kind which communicates design ideas in outline both to the lay public and to private developers. The problem with briefing effectively is that outline expression of ideas does not provide a strong basis for negotiation with developers; the temptation therefore is to work up one proposal in detail and to present it as the only option. This type of prescriptive briefing may be successful in situations where the public body has control over the land, the economy is buoyant and the site has a simple context. Its problems are that it is labour intensive, so some areas are covered in detail, others not at all; it is seen as restrictive by developers, so may create a climate of conflict rather than certainty; it is not responsive to change; it covers specific sites thoroughly but does not deal well with large, complex areas; on large sites it tends towards a homogeneous environment whereas the nature of towns and cities is pluralistic and heterogeneous; it confines the Urban Designer to site specific work rather than allowing concentration on the whole urban system. Urban Designers at the London Docklands Development Corporation felt that CAD might present some answers to these problems in facilitating an iterative, interactive briefing process which could respond quickly to change; whereby varying options for development could be investigated fully but quickly and resource-efficiently; which could be used to communicate design ideas effectively to non-professionals; which could help to make negotiation with developers more effective, less confrontational; which could deal with large, complex sites effectively. The idea was that a piece of city could be modeled on the computer and an urban design study would then be carried out on it which would test varying options for development, resulting in an outline, but three dimensional, model for an area which could be used in three ways: as a briefing tool, as part of a marketing exercise and as a tool to aid effective negotiation and consultation at the planning stage. A pilot project was carried out on a set of development sites at East India Dock and, following the success of this, a full study was carried at Surrey Quays Centre. The paper describes these projects and discusses both their products and their effect on the developmentprocess as aids in decision making.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id caadria2016_405
id caadria2016_405
authors Liuti, Alessandro; Keryn Liew and Lian Chen Ng
year 2016
title In(flatable) Mod(uli): Air-buoyant, form-resistant, temporary structures
source Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, pp. 405-414
summary Conventional inflatable material systems offer a quick and reversible means of construction, however presenting limitations in terms of adaptability. Conventional, discrete, form-resistant structures feature stability through the complex organisation of discrete ele- ments, however featuring inertias in terms of flexibility and disecon- omies if applied to projects with a short lifespan. This paper discusses an alternative application of inflatable buoyant moduli to a discrete form-resistant structure in order to provide an adaptive installation for temporary events. Numerical and physical models are developed through a series of benchmarks, first, and a design project application eventually. The inherent predictability of this complex system is stud- ied in terms of constructability, costs, flexibility and spatial quality.
keywords Inflatable; buoyant; form-finding; modular; structure
series CAADRIA
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id ecaade2015_82
id ecaade2015_82
authors Long, Nels; Greenstein, and Dane Clemenson
year 2015
title Buoyant Memory - Neuroscience for a Virtual Architecture
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 55-60
wos WOS:000372317300006
summary Gravity prescribes a very specific maxim for the built environment represented by the horizontal layer cake we are all so familiar with. This is contrasted by designs such as the International Space Station where no floor is present and every surface provides some function whether storage, data display and instrumentation or biological support infrastructure. Because of the homogeneity of approach to each surface an astronaut requires literal markers to orient oneself within the vessel. Very seldom within the natural, earth-bound environment does one find oneself in a situation where “up” is a questionable vector. What happens when architecture is translated to the virtual. What is the role of the architect or of his or her architecture in a virtual universe. Would a virtual architecture itself not become a social engine, its social context being that of online gaming, crowdfunding and social media? This engine's main role being the creation of architecturally inspiring gathering spaces for learning, playing and community building.
series eCAADe
email ,eCAADe,
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia18_414
id acadia18_414
authors Marcus, Adam; Ikeda, Margaret; Jones, Evan; Metcalf, Taylor; Oliver, John; Hammerstrom, Kamille; Gossard, Daniel
year 2018
title Buoyant Ecologies Float Lab. Optimized upside-down benthos for sea level rise adaptation
source ACADIA // 2018: Recalibration. On imprecisionand infidelity. [Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-17729-7] Mexico City, Mexico 18-20 October, 2018, pp. 414-423
summary This paper describes the Buoyant Ecologies project, an ongoing research collaboration between architects, marine ecologists, and manufacturers focused on developing integrated architectural, ecological, and material responses to climate change and sea level rise. The research employs techniques of design computation and robotic fabrication to develop an approach to coastal resilience that is rooted in material performance as it relates to marine habitats. The project explores the design and production of highly performative fiber-reinforced polymer substrates that interact productively with the underwater ecosystem to promote multi-scalar habitats for invertebrate animals, encouraging ecological diversity and serving as wave-attenuating structures that mitigate coastal erosion. In this regard, the research leverages computational workflows of modeling, simulation, and fabrication to interface between human and nonhuman species in a way that benefits the broader ecosystem. The paper discusses an iterative prototyping process that has led to the design and construction of the Float Lab, a larger-scale prototype of a floating breakwater.
keywords full paper, materials & adaptive systems, performance + simulation, digital fabrication, collaboration
series ACADIA
type paper
last changed 2019/01/07 11:22

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