CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ecaade2016_043
id ecaade2016_043
authors Wit, Andrew and Kim, Simon
year 2016
title rolyPOLY - A Hybrid Prototype for Digital Techniques and Analog Craft in Architecture
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 631-638
summary The rapid emergence of computational design tools, advanced material systems and robotic fabrication within the disciplines of architecture and construction has granted designers immense freedom in form and assembly, while retaining pronounced control over output quality throughout the entirety of the design and fabrication process. Simultaneously, the complexity inherent within these tools and processes can lead to a loss of craft though the production of methodologies, forms and artifacts left with extremely recognizable residues from tooling processes utilized during their production. This paper investigates the fecund intersection of digital technologies and handcraft through core-less carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) winding as a means of creating a new typology of digital craft blurring the line between human and machine. Through the lens of an innovative wound CFRP shelter rolyPOLY completed during the winter of 2015, this paper will show the exigencies and affordances between the realms of digital and analog methodologies of CFRP winding on large-scale structures.
wos WOS:000402063700068
keywords additive manufacturing; composites; form finding; craft; analog / digital
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id caadria2018_121
id caadria2018_121
authors Wit, Andrew John
year 2018
title Cloudmagnet, A CFRP Framework for Flexible Architectures
source T. Fukuda, W. Huang, P. Janssen, K. Crolla, S. Alhadidi (eds.), Learning, Adapting and Prototyping - Proceedings of the 23rd CAADRIA Conference - Volume 1, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, 17-19 May 2018, pp. 49-58
summary To examine CFRP's viability within architectural practice, this paper explores new possibilities and methodologies for the materials integration into the design and production processes. Through the lens of the /One Day House/ initiative and its recent subproject /cloudMAGNET/, this paper explores and evaluates new typologies of formwork and winding techniques for CFRP based structures derived from tensile modeling and CFD analysis. Through examinations in cored and sacrificial coreless winding, this paper outlines new formal, structural, adaptive and production possibilities afforded by the integration of CFRP into the architectural workflow.
keywords additive manufacturing; composites; carbon fiber; form finding; analog / digital fabrication
series CAADRIA
last changed 2018/05/17 07:07

_id acadia16_326
id acadia16_326
authors Wit, Andrew; Ng, Rashida; Zhang, Cheng; Kim Simon
year 2016
title Composite Systems for Lightweight Architectures: Case studies in large-scale CFRP winding
source ACADIA // 2016: POSTHUMAN FRONTIERS: Data, Designers, and Cognitive Machines [Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-77095-5] Ann Arbor 27-29 October, 2016, pp. 326-331
summary The introduction of lightweight Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) based systems into the discipline of architecture and design has created new opportunities for form, fabrication methodologies and material efficiencies that were previously difficult if not impossible to achieve through the utilization of traditional standardized building materials. No longer constrained by predefined material shapes, nominal dimensions, and conventional construction techniques, individual building components or entire structures can now be fabricated from a single continuous material through a means that best accomplishes the desired formal and structural objectives while creating minimal amounts of construction waste and disposable formwork. This paper investigates the design, fabrication and structural potentials of wound, pre-impregnated CFRP composites in architectural-scale applications through the lens of numeric and craft based composite winding implemented in two unique research projects (rolyPOLY + Cloud Magnet). Fitting into the larger research agenda for the CFRP-based robotic housing prototype currently underway in the “One Day House” initiative, these two projects also function as a proof of concept for CFRP monocoque and gridshell based structural systems. Through a rigorous investigation of these case studies, this paper strives to answer several questions about the integration of pre-impregnated CFRP in future full-scale interventions: What form-finding methodologies lend themselves to working with CFRP? What are the advantages and disadvantages of working with pre-impregnated CFRP tow in large-scale applications? What are efficient methods for the placement of CFRP fiber on-site? As well as how scalable is CFRP?
keywords form finding, winding, cfrp, embedded responsiveness
series ACADIA
type paper
last changed 2016/10/24 11:12

_id acadia19_122
id acadia19_122
authors Yavaribajestani, Yasaman; Schleicher, Simon
year 2019
title Bio-Inspired Lamellar Structures
source ACADIA 19:UBIQUITY AND AUTONOMY [Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-578-59179-7] (The University of Texas at Austin School of Architecture, Austin, Texas 21-26 October, 2019) pp. 122-129
summary Gaining rigidity and strength from malleable and flexible parts is the key challenge in the emerging field of bending-active structures. The goal of this construction approach is to use the large elastic deformations of planar elements for the building of complex curved structures. Aiming to contribute to this research and to make new discoveries, the authors of this paper will look at nature for inspiration and explore how structures in the plant kingdom successfully combine high flexibility with high resilience. The focus of this study are the structural principles found in fibrous cactus skeletons. Not only do the cactus skeletons show impressive structural behavior, but also their optimized form, fiber orientation, and material distribution can inspire the further development of bending-active structures. Learning from these models, the authors will present key cactus-inspired design principles and test their practical feasibility in a prototypical installation made from millimeter-thin strips of carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP). Similar to the biological role model, this 6-meter-tall lamellar structure takes advantage of clever cross-bracing strategies that significantly increase stability and improve resilience. The authors explain in more detail the underlying design and construction methods and discuss the possible impact this research may have on the further development of bending-active structures.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2019/12/18 08:01

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