CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 16 of 16

_id caadria2019_005
id caadria2019_005
authors Alva, Pradeep, Janssen, Patrick and Stouffs, Rudi
year 2019
title A Spatial Decision Support Framework For Planning - Creating Tool-Chains for Organisational Teams
source M. Haeusler, M. A. Schnabel, T. Fukuda (eds.), Intelligent & Informed - Proceedings of the 24th CAADRIA Conference - Volume 2, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand, 15-18 April 2019, pp. 11-20
summary In practice, most planners do not make significant use of planning support systems. Although significant research has been conducted, the focus tends to be on supporting individual tasks, and the outcomes are often the development of new stand-alone tools that are difficult to integrate into existing workflows. The knowledge contribution in this paper focuses on developing a novel spatial decision support framework focusing on the workflows and tool-chains that span across different teams within an organisation, with varying skill sets and objectives. In the proposed framework, the core decision-making process uses set decision parameters that are combined using a weighted decision tree. The framework is evaluated by developing and testing tool-chains for a real-world land suitability case study. The tool-chain was implemented on top of a GIS platform.
keywords GIS SDSS PSS; Planning Automation; Geoprocessing; Data Analytics; Geoinformatics
series CAADRIA
last changed 2019/04/16 08:21

_id sigradi2004_333
id sigradi2004_333
authors Andrés S. Rodríguez
year 2004
title Exploración de relaciones entre analogías y bocetos durante la generación de ideas en diseño industrial como elicitación de requerimientos para CAD [Exploration of Relations between Analogies and Sketches During the Generation of Ideas in Industrial Design for Eliciting CAD Requirements]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary An exploration on the analogy-based idea generation process in industrial design is reported. In particular we try to identify relationships between the sketching process and the analogy building in order to elicit requirements for a supporting software. We use concurrent think aloud protocols to obtain experimental data and an extension of a proved content oriented schema to analyze them. Statistical analysis on segments containing .analogical chains. found relations between analogical and design actions that allow us to support the hypothesis that the sketch seems to be more useful for helping the analytical aspects of the analogical making (i.e. to code a situation in terms of higher order relations) than the synthetic ones (i.e. to identify an analogy source). Results were interpreted as software requirements for a Computer Aided Design Application.
keywords Sketching, Analogy, CAD, Industrial design, Protocol analysis
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id 4805
authors Bentley, P.
year 1999
title Evolutionary Design by Computers Morgan Kaufmann
source San Francisco, CA
summary Computers can only do what we tell them to do. They are our blind, unconscious digital slaves, bound to us by the unbreakable chains of our programs. These programs instruct computers what to do, when to do it, and how it should be done. But what happens when we loosen these chains? What happens when we tell a computer to use a process that we do not fully understand, in order to achieve something we do not fully understand? What happens when we tell a computer to evolve designs? As this book will show, what happens is that the computer gains almost human-like qualities of autonomy, innovative flair, and even creativity. These 'skills'which evolution so mysteriously endows upon our computers open up a whole new way of using computers in design. Today our former 'glorified typewriters' or 'overcomplicated drawing boards' can do everything from generating new ideas and concepts in design, to improving the performance of designs well beyond the abilities of even the most skilled human designer. Evolving designs on computers now enables us to employ computers in every stage of the design process. This is no longer computer aided design - this is becoming computer design. The pages of this book testify to the ability of today's evolutionary computer techniques in design. Flick through them and you will see designs of satellite booms, load cells, flywheels, computer networks, artistic images, sculptures, virtual creatures, house and hospital architectural plans, bridges, cranes, analogue circuits and even coffee tables. Out of all of the designs in the world, the collection you see in this book have a unique history: they were all evolved by computer, not designed by humans.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id ecaade2007_136
id ecaade2007_136
authors Dohmen, Philipp; Rüdenauer, Kai
year 2007
title Digital Chains in Modern Architecture
source Predicting the Future [25th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-6-5] Frankfurt am Main (Germany) 26-29 September 2007, pp. 801-804
summary The “digital chain” is a continuous digital organization process, from the draft right into the manufacturing. Now one of these chains is applied on a mountain shelter. The individual steps are programmed and connected by universal interfaces. The computer is used not as passive digital drawing board, but as self-dependent tool that exerts influence on. Rules, dependence and aims, are formulated by the architect the computer can optimize due to its computing power. The role of the architect shifts thereby from the form designer to the role of a process designer. The aesthetics of the results is exciting and unusually, organically and self-evident - it is however always the result of given parameters. One topic is the complexity. The constructional modeling of the computers is a substantial support and easement. With programming techniques and parameterized construction, a high degree of individualizing becomes possible. A further point is efficiency. Construction with individual units, which former on was just realizable with high time and cost, become economically in this manner today. Furthermore computer-controlled machines work with precision and a detailing, which would be by workmanship neither temporally nor technically obtainable.
keywords Digital chain, mass customization, one of a kind production
series eCAADe
last changed 2007/09/16 15:55

_id 2c3e
authors Estévez, Alberto T.
year 2002
title El nuevo proyectar cibernético-digital y El nuevo proyectar ecológico-medioambiental [The new cyber-digital project and the new ecological-environmental project.]
source SIGraDi 2002 - [Proceedings of the 6th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Caracas (Venezuela) 27-29 november 2002, pp. 10-13
summary “Genetic architectures”, not only like a metaphorical name. New materials and new tools give a new architecture. Up to now the human being had to conform with acting only at the superficial level of objects. Now, it’s possible to think further away and descend to actions at the molecular level, influencing on genetic design and on programming chains which are then developed by themselves as artificial computing elements and natural live elements. It’s time to apply all these to architecture, when these can become an integrating part of architecture. These should include an advanced contemporary architecture versus (and basing itself on) the use of the computer as a mere substitute of manual drafts while improving pintoresque ecology: “the new cibernetic-digital architectural design & the new ecological-environmental architectural design”. Not building in the nature, building with the nature, building the nature self. The utopy of today is the reality of tomorrow.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:51

_id ecaade2007_118
id ecaade2007_118
authors Fricker, Pia; Hovestadt, Ludger; Braach, Markus; Dillenburger, Benjamin; Dohmen, Philipp; Rüdenauer, Kai; Lemmerzahl, Steffen; Lehnerer, Alexander
year 2007
title Organised Complexity
source Predicting the Future [25th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-6-5] Frankfurt am Main (Germany) 26-29 September 2007, pp. 695-701
summary The objective of the paper is to demonstrate the application of architectural research and design methods from the fields of strategic design, digital production and design chains to facilitate the completion of demanding large-scale building projects. Since we have concentrated the efforts of the past few years on various aspects of building practice while applying and testing the “Digital Chain” method to several concrete projects, we are now engaged with linking the individual phases in order to make the final step towards the reality of building practice. With this knowledge, we attempt to propose a new way of thinking in the design and building sector based on digitized planning processes.
keywords Collaborative design, parametric design, user participation in design, strategic design
series eCAADe
last changed 2007/09/16 15:55

_id acadia15_137
id acadia15_137
authors Ireland, Tim
year 2015
title A Cell-Inspired Model of Configuration
source ACADIA 2105: Computational Ecologies: Design in the Anthropocene [Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-53726-8] Cincinnati 19-25 October, 2015), pp. 137-148
summary This paper presents a bottom-up approach to organising architectural-space, which offers a fresh outlook on the automatic generation of architectural layouts. Artificial creatures, modelled on Eukaryotic cells, are used as components with which to generate configurations articulating patterns of habitation. These components represent discrete activities. Activity is perceived to be the basic building block of spatial configuration in architecture. Attributes, pertaining to input and outputs, establish activities as occurring in chains of action; affected by that which has preceded and affecting that which is to transpire. Being artificial creatures these activity-components have the capacity to interact with their environment and each other, and self-organise to form aggregations. The model demonstrates an ecological approach to designing in a manner that unites computational design with biological and semiotic theory. The theoretical basis of the model is first outlined, and then the computer model is presented and described.
keywords Agents, Artificial Life, Configuration, Spatial Organisation, Behaviour of Organisms, Activity Diagrams
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2016/08/05 11:37

_id ecaade2009_156
id ecaade2009_156
authors Karzel, Rüdiger; Matcha, Heike
year 2009
title Experimental Design-Build: Teaching Parameter-based Design
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 153-158
wos WOS:000334282200018
summary We present a student design class, in which experimental full-scale parametric objects are planned and built. The class explores the possibilities of digital production chains in which CAAM techniques driven by parametric modeling can expand the range of possibilities for designing and producing architecture. We show how those possibilities and techniques can be integrated into architectural education in facilitating a transition from digital design to actual object. The didactic challenge represents teaching a methodological approach towards parameter-based design, its transfer into a software program and the choice of construction and production method.
keywords Prototyping, parametric design, student design build projects, CAAM methods, evolutionary optimization
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ddss9449
id ddss9449
authors Kendall, Stephen
year 1994
title Control of Parts: Identifying Patterns of Control in Production Chains
source Second Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture & Urban Planning (Vaals, the Netherlands), August 15-19, 1994
summary If we examine the stages of production of complex physical systems, we notice that parts change as they progress along a value chain. Parts are deformed, have parts removed, and are assembled and disassembled, in various sequences. In such processes, production operations (milling, cutting, aligning, attaching, and so on) are of particular interest, as are the sequences of production, since some operations and sequences have been found to be more efficient than others, lead to fewer mistakes and produce higher quality results. Research continues to be produced seeking to optimize production operations, sequences and product quality. The production operations we can observe in the making of artifacts are also of interest because they are by definition the result of action taken by certain agents. Parts are changed or controlled by human beings, employing their own hands or sophisticated machines. Today, we are used to making a distinction among agents involved in production: some agents specify what is to be made, and others make what is specified. One agent can do both, but specialization and division of labour has presented us with this distinction. This is now conventional, aside from whether it is "good" or not. The distinction is the basis for the interest in "concurrent design and production of products", the renewed focus on distribution and coordination of work in teams, and the related interest in understanding the dynamics of building systems in terms of the agents who control them. This paper focuses on the place certain kinds of agents take in complex production flows. Since production of parts is both a technical and a social enterprise, we will discover, when we look closely, complex webs of interactions which can be mapped, showing how agents relate to each other through the parts with which they are concerned. In examining the class of agents who control parts, we can see two patterns of control, termed DISPERSED PATTERNS and OVERLAPPING PATTERNS. These become palpable in a graphic diagramming tool, which is demonstrated in what follows. These diagrams also provide a means to consider the agents whose role is to specify what is to be made. The paper includes notes related studies in other fields.Finally, the paper suggests how this perspective can be useful, and several research topics based on it are sketched.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id acadia19_522
id acadia19_522
authors Kohler, Daniel; Galika, Anna; Pu, Qiuru; Bai, Junyi
year 2019
title Blockerties
source ACADIA 19:UBIQUITY AND AUTONOMY [Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-578-59179-7] (The University of Texas at Austin School of Architecture, Austin, Texas 21-26 October, 2019) pp. 522-531
summary The paper aims for new urban forms of property enabled by computation models of distributed ledgers as they are currently being deployed with technologies like Blockchain. Distributed ledgers promise to constitute whole environments by chaining and sharing blocks of data. Upscaling this prospective, the paper describes objects with unique and strong compositional characteristics that act as closed black boxes and are able through distribution to create large scale effects. The final result of the nesting is the Interchain, a chain of chains that initiate with the characteristics of the contributing chains, and due to the distribution, unprecedented patterns arise. The resulting Interchain, observed with spatial and architectural characteristics, can project a new building form and a new urban model based on blockchain theory.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2019/12/18 08:03

_id ijac20097308
id ijac20097308
authors Penttila, Hannu
year 2009
title Services in Digital Design: new visions for AEC-field collaboration
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 7 - no. 3, 459-478
summary The objective of this paper is to describe contemporary digital building design from a service provider aspect. The constrained framework of this work is digital architectural design practice. When design is seen in the context of the AEC field, a process oriented approach is commonly used in describing collaboration and evolutionary progress of the design work as a project. Design projects are scheduled chains of activities which result in design delivery or actual physical buildings as the end products of the project. Recently developments in building information modelling (BIM) have presented fundamentally new ways for collecting, exploring, and sharing design information. This study develops the novel digital approach: BIM as design services. The key finding of the study is that parts of the design domain can be described as services in the changing digital environment. The scientific contribution of this paper is in describing contemporary digital design practice with an alternative service approach. A framework for such services is also presented. This work will expand the authors' contribution to research on preliminary architectural design using building information models.
series journal
last changed 2009/10/20 06:02

_id sigradi2004_203
id sigradi2004_203
authors Pollyana Notargiacomo Mustaro
year 2004
title Aroposta de quadro referencial para análise de páginas web: Um estudo das desfigurações realizadas por hackers brasileiros [A Referential Picture for the Analysis of Webpages: A study of the Disfigurements Carried out by Brazilian Hackers]
source SIGraDi 2004 - [Proceedings of the 8th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Porte Alegre - Brasil 10-12 november 2004
summary The present study tries to investigate the Brazilian hackers´ artistic and communicational manifestations. We tried to understand how they use the digital technology for expression of their identities and transmission of messages in defaced homepages. The integration of different chains of thinking made it possible to build a schematic diagram and the establishment of conceptual categories for a graphic analysis and for the analysis of the messages present in the defacements by the Brazilian hackers. From these analyses we could see that the Brazilian hackers express their identities through their nicknames and defaced pages. These pages have a common underlying structure marked by the linearity, the identification of the one(s) responsible for the defacement, the message left for the administrator of the defaced page, the personal statements and the exhibition of the elements for contact with the defacer(s).
keywords Internet, hackers, website defacement, graphic design, identity
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:57

_id acadia09_186
id acadia09_186
authors Rappaport, Nina
year 2009
title Real Time / Implication for Production Spaces
source ACADIA 09: reForm( ) - Building a Better Tomorrow [Proceedings of the 29th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-9842705-0-7] Chicago (Illinois) 22-25 October, 2009), pp. 186-193
summary Systems of feedback loops and cybernetic methods have influenced for decades the production and consumption networks and supply and demand chains in computer-integrated manufacturing. These mechanisms contribute to the increased efficiency of production, expanding the ability of both manufacturers and production engineers to create a workplace with smoother supply-chain management, as well as economies of scale and scope that are contingent on increased capitalism in a networked, globalized world. Mobility and flexibility are both physical and philosophical imperatives, aided by new small-scaled controls such as handheld wireless devices, which also contribute to a rising culture of nomadism. The shrinking scale of technologies and facilities has provided the mobile worker with numerous opportunities within complexly networked systems, forming a new paradigm for urban production spaces of the future. This paper is an investigation of how technology is changing and reshaping the architectural potentials for the contemporary industrial workplace.
keywords Industry, technology, history, critique, automation
series ACADIA
type Normal paper
last changed 2009/11/26 16:44

_id acadia14_247
id acadia14_247
authors Schmeidhofer, Heinz; Reis, Martin; Flory, Simon; Rist, Florian; Suter, Georg
year 2014
title A Framework for Linking Design and Fabrication in Geometrically Complex Architecture
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9781926724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 247-256
summary We present a fabrication planning framework capable of extending specialized geometric design tools to seamless digital chains that directly connect designer and CNC fabrication machinery. By integrating design and fabrication planning processes, the framework avoids common data exchange problems and allows for feedback on fabrication planning results at design time.
keywords Geometrically Complex Architecture; Digital Fabrication; CAD/CAM; CNC Machining; Computer Aided Process Planning (CAPP).
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
last changed 2014/09/29 05:51

_id 735b
authors Tolone, W.J.
year 2000
title Virtual situation rooms: connecting people across enterprises for supply-chain agility
source Computer-Aided Design, Vol. 32 (2) (2000) pp. 109-117
summary Agility and time-based manufacturing are critical success factors for today's manufacturing enterprise. To be competitive, enterprises must integrate their supply chains moreeffectively and forge close memberships with customers and suppliers more quickly. Consequently, technologies must be developed that enable enterprises to respond toconsumer demand more quickly, integrate with suppliers more effectively, adapt to market variations more efficiently and evolve product designs with manufacturing practicesmore seamlessly. The mission of the Extended-Enterprise Coalition for Integrated Collaborative Manufacturing Systems coalition is to research, develop, and demonstratetechnologies to enable the integration of manufacturing applications in a multi-company supply chain planning and execution environment. We believe real-time andasynchronous collaboration technology will play a critical role in allowing manufacturers to increase their supply chain agility. We are realizing our efforts through our VirtualSituation Room (VSR) technology. The primary goal of the VSR technology is to enhance current ad-hoc, limited methods and mechanisms for spontaneous, real-timecommunication using feature-rich, industry standards-based building blocks and network protocols. VSR technology is being designed to find and engage quickly all relevantmembers of a problem solving team supported by highly interactive, conversational access to information and control and enabled by business processes, security policies andtechnologies, intelligence, and integration tools.
keywords Collaborative Systems, Supply Chain Integration, Real-Time Conferencing
series journal paper
last changed 2003/05/15 19:33

_id 88a2
authors Zhang, Lei
year 1996
title The Design of a Test Program for Basic Design
source CAADRIA ‘96 [Proceedings of The First Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 9627-75-703-9] Hong Kong (Hong Kong) 25-27 April 1996, pp. 253-267
summary Within the whole range of methods available in the teaching of design with computer the "Exercise" made, seems to be one of the most productive. Not only the student but also the teacher is involved in a step by step process of search, discovery and development. The continuous and controlled building of complexity in architecture design are the underlying issues. The student models in desecrate steps, exploring, testing, discovering and thus build a "repertoire" which combines knowledge skills, experience, attitudes as well as methodology. Symbiotically related the teacher prepares the exercise, one might call the process applied design research. Since based upon research, the teacher structures the learning process defining the what and why by indirect means. Leaving the how to the student's initiative and inventiveness. The design of the design or the design of the learning process poses one of the real challenges to the teacher. In the case of chains of exercise the interactiveness of the student and teacher are of specific interest, since feedback loops add to the process. The following test program is directly related to this line of thinking. In it a "teacher" is asked to develop a simple chain of exercises based on a given "theoretical model". Thus building his own experience in basic design. In this test run the student is introduced to the concept of continuous space as well as the notion of architecture form as the interaction between space, site and structure a course. It could be seen as a basic model since we could have much more complex resolutions if we change the given elements and limitations.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2003/04/01 17:57

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