CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id bsct_fotiadou
id bsct_fotiadou
authors Fotiadou, Angeliki
year 2007
title Analysis of Design Support for Kinetic Structures
source Vienna University of Technology; Building Science & Technology
summary This thesis attempts the formation and systemization of a basis of knowledge and information, which is indispensable to turn a design support for kinetic structures into representation by means of a 3d animating program. Representation of kinetic structures by means of the existing ordinary software sources is possible; Nevertheless, such representation lacks of different important features and functions and results eventually in the total absence of a real model of the construction, which is valuable to the user of the program especially in the field of the kinetics, where everything depends on the movement: design not only requires, but demands for visualisation. A personal interest in kinetic architecture and therefore in the physical movement of structural elements in a building, as well as an attempt to “fathom” the possibility of changing this concept to visualization and modern reality by the use of a software are the main incentives of this master thesis. First, a general research will be performed in order to check the existence of similar or semisimilar proposals. The area in which the research will be held is the Bibliography in kinetic architecture and parametric design. A comparison of animation and 3D prototype software in well-known programs will focus on whether virtual weather conditions are considered as a parameter to the animation of the structure of the programs and case studies of several existing kinetic structures will be performed, in order to point out flaws and/or helpful commands in the programs in connection with the presentation of kinetic architecture. Criteria for the choice of the software: ability to customise and to produce geometric modelling, animation in relation to time (video animation) and the simulation after taking into consideration weather factors. Finally, using the computer and the scripting language, based probably on the theory of parametric design and primitive instancing, a realistic simulation of different elements will be performed in relation to variable measurements of luminance, ventilation and temperature so as to render feasible the construction of a whole structure. The results of the thesis will be used in the future as the basic knowledge in the creation of software for simulation of kinetic architecture. This program will be used as a tool for the architect to present a building, where kinetic architecture will be applied and to create simulation of the kinetic movement through a library of the existing prefabricated elements which will be created with the help of this thesis.
keywords Kinetic architecture, 3D designing software, scripting, programming
series thesis:MSc
last changed 2007/07/16 15:51

_id a378
authors Friedell, M., Kochhar, S., Marks, J., Sistare, S. and Weitzman, L.
year 1994
title Cooperative design, Human-computer interaction, Interaction techniques, Graphical user interfaces, Design automation, Design methodologies, Automated design of graphical displays, Computer-aided design
source Proceedings of ACM CHI'94 Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems 1994 v.2 pp.187-188
summary Computer-aided-design (CAD) systems are now used to design all kinds of artifacts, from jet fighters to works of art. A major challenge in the design of a CAD system itself is the user interface (UI). Developing the UI to a CAD system raises myriad questions about input devices and techniques, display devices and techniques, and the details of the dialogue that relates the two. But these questions are ancillary to one central question: what is the fundamental nature of the interaction between human and computer in the design process supported by the CAD system? Is the design activity essentially manual, with the computer playing the role of passive tool, like a pen or paintbrush? Or is the computer augmenting the human designer by actively restricting available design choices, or by playing the role of critic or "improver"? Or maybe the interaction paradigm is one of "interactive evolution," in which the computer is responsible for generating design alternatives, with the human merely choosing among choices suggested by the machine. Or perhaps the computer performs the design process completely automatically, with a final acceptance check being the only human contribution? The panelists will describe these different paradigms for human-computer cooperation in a set of related CAD systems and prototypes and discuss the conditions under which each paradigm might be most useful.
series other
last changed 2002/07/07 14:01

_id c2c6
authors Hendricx , Ann
year 1997
title Shape, Space And Building Element: Development of a Conceptual Object Model for the Design Process
source Challenges of the Future [15th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-3-0] Vienna (Austria) 17-20 September 1997
summary The paper describes the first steps taken in the search for a central object model presenting all possible data, concepts and operations concerning the architectural design process.  From the early design stage, an architectural model can be built on computer.  A central object model of this process is essential: a model describing geometrical shapes, spaces, building elements and user activities, together with all the basic operations these entities can undertake.  The model could provide the necessary information for the performance of tests to assist the designer (energy calculation, stability check, costs ...).  Appropriate interfaces between the object model and existing software packages allow different actors in the design process to make use of the model’s data. First, the conceptual model for CAAD in the design process is described. The second part deals with the methodology used for developing the object model: M.E.R.O.DE (Model-driven Entity-Relationship Object-oriented Development) proves to be a firm base to start our design.  Finally, we present some aspects of the first prototype for such a central object model.
keywords Object Model, CAAD, Object-oriented
series eCAADe
last changed 2001/08/17 13:11

_id cf2011_p027
id cf2011_p027
authors Herssens, Jasmien; Heylighen Ann
year 2011
title A Framework of Haptic Design Parameters for Architects: Sensory Paradox Between Content and Representation
source Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures 2011 [Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Futures / ISBN 9782874561429] Liege (Belgium) 4-8 July 2011, pp. 685-700.
summary Architects—like other designers—tend to think, know and work in a visual way. In design research, this way of knowing and working is highly valued as paramount to design expertise (Cross 1982, 2006). In case of architecture, however, it is not only a particular strength, but may as well be regarded as a serious weakness. The absence of non-visual features in traditional architectural spatial representations indicates how these are disregarded as important elements in conceiving space (Dischinger 2006). This bias towards vision, and the suppression of other senses—in the way architecture is conceived, taught and critiqued—results in a disappearance of sensory qualities (Pallasmaa 2005). Nevertheless, if architects design with more attention to non visual senses, they are able to contribute to more inclusive environments. Indeed if an environment offers a range of sensory triggers, people with different sensory capacities are able to navigate and enjoy it. Rather than implementing as many sensory triggers as possible, the intention is to make buildings and spaces accessible and enjoyable for more people, in line with the objective of inclusive design (Clarkson et al. 2007), also called Design for All or Universal Design (Ostroff 2001). Within this overall objective, the aim of our study is to develop haptic design parameters that support architects during design in paying more attention to the role of haptics, i.e. the sense of touch, in the built environment by informing them about the haptic implications of their design decisions. In the context of our study, haptic design parameters are defined as variables that can be decided upon by designers throughout the design process, and the value of which determines the haptic characteristics of the resulting design. These characteristics are based on the expertise of people who are congenitally blind, as they are more attentive to non visual information, and of professional caregivers working with them. The parameters do not intend to be prescriptive, nor to impose a particular method. Instead they seek to facilitate a more inclusive design attitude by informing designers and helping them to think differently. As the insights from the empirical studies with people born blind and caregivers have been reported elsewhere (Authors 2010), this paper starts by outlining the haptic design parameters resulting from them. Following the classification of haptics into active, dynamic and passive touch, the built environment unfolds into surfaces that can act as “movement”, “guiding” and/or “rest” plane. Furthermore design techniques are suggested to check the haptic qualities during the design process. Subsequently, the paper reports on a focus group interview/workshop with professional architects to assess the usability of the haptic design parameters for design practice. The architects were then asked to try out the parameters in the context of a concrete design project. The reactions suggest that the participating architects immediately picked up the underlying idea of the parameters, and recognized their relevance in relation to the design project at stake, but that their representation confronts us with a sensory paradox: although the parameters question the impact of the visual in architectural design, they are meant to be used by designers, who are used to think, know and work in a visual way.
keywords blindness, design parameters, haptics, inclusive design, vision
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2012/02/11 18:21

_id 8951
authors Hix, Deborah and Schulman, Robert S.
year 1991
title Human-Computer Interface Development Tools : A Methodology for Their Evaluation
source Communications of the ACM. March, 1991. vol. 34: pp. 75-87 : tables. includes bibliography
summary A comprehensive check-list-based methodology produces quantifyable criteria for evaluating and comparing human computer interface development tools along two dimensions: Functionality and Usability. An empirical evaluation shows that the methodology which is in use in several corporate interface development environments, produces reliable (consistent) results. This research provides a communication mechanism for tool researchers, tool practitioners, and tool users for making coherent critiques of their own and other tools. The authors goal was to provide a rigorous trusted methodology for evaluating human-computer interface development
keywords tools, methodology, user interface, evaluation
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 08:24

_id ijac20119408
id ijac20119408
authors Holzer, Dominik
year 2011
title BIM’s Seven Deadly Sins
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 9 - no. 4, 463-480
summary This paper aims at exposing seven prevailing problems that have emerged in the uptake of Building Information Modelling (BIM) in design practice.The paper provides a reality check between an idealistic view on BIM and the way it is currently applied in daily use. In order to reflect on the issues at hand, the author draws from three years of doctoral research in multidisciplinary design collaboration, followed by more than two years experience as Design Technology director in a large scale architecture practice. In addition to the above, his current role as the chair of the BIM and IPD Steering Group of the Australian Institute of Architects and Consult Australia exposes the author to a broad range of cultural implications of BIM.The findings presented here illustrate that, despite major advances in the development of BIM, there are predominantly cultural roadblocks to its implementation in practice.
series journal
last changed 2019/07/30 08:55

_id 09b4
authors Ismail, Ashraf and McCartney, Kevin
year 1993
title A Tool for Conceptual Design Evaluation Based on Compliance with Site-Development Briefs and Related Planning Regulations
source [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Eindhoven (The Netherlands) 11-13 November 1993
summary The need has been established for a computer based decision support tool to use during the conceptual stages of architectural design. The main functions are to check design compliance with the requirements of local planning authorities; characteristics evaluated will include building size, height, plot ratios, circulation and accessibility, and the preservation of natural features on site. This tool is being developed to operate under AutoCAD environment; the construction industry standard computer aided design software, following standard layering convention, integrated command lines, and pull-down menus. In addition to the common graphical output; i.c. plans, elevations and three dimensional models, it will generate textual analysis in report format to use as part of the Environmental Impact Analysis of proposed development. The tool's functions will be based upon the result of two types of field studies. First, interviews and questionnaires will be carried out with architects and planners of both private and public sectors. These will cover issues related to the performance of Computer Aided Architectural Design applications with regard to the evaluation of design schematics, and decision-making for the production of data for environmental statements. Second, field observation and participation will be carried out to observe decision-makers behaviour during assessment of building design proposals. A prototype is currently under development and will be tested against the expectations of the tool designer, Ashraf Ismail, and a team of professionals to be involved in the field studies. A critical analysis of the prototype design methodology and the study findings will be documented in the research thesis to be presented in June 1995.

series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/24 09:01

_id 0726
authors Kadysz, Andrzej
year 1994
title CAD the Tool
source The Virtual Studio [Proceedings of the 12th European Conference on Education in Computer Aided Architectural Design / ISBN 0-9523687-0-6] Glasgow (Scotland) 7-10 September 1994, p. 212
summary What is the role of CAAD as a tool of architectural form creation ? We used to over-estimate the role of computer as significant factor of design process. In fact it serves only to produce technical documentation and to visualise designed buildings. We usually use CAAD to record ideas, not to create designs. We use it like more complex pencil. But it is unsuitable for conceptual design , with imperceptible influence on idea definition. Its practical usefulnes is limited. I would like to consider and find out reasons of that state, present some conclusions and ideas on computer aided architectural form creation. Many tools were invented to extend posibilities of human body or intellect. Microscop and telescop are extensions of human eye. Which organ is extended by computer (especially by CAAD)? CAAD with high developed function of visualising of the object beeing designed seems to be an extension of architect's imagination. It is beeing used to foresee visual efects, to check designed forms, to see something what we are not able to imagine. It performes the role of electronic modeler. Real model and virtual model - the medium of presentation is diferent but ways of using them are similar . Dislocation of place where we build model is not a big achievement, but potential possbilities of CAAD in modeling are almost unlimited (?). What are special features of CAAD as a modeling tool? First we have to consider what is indispensible when building a model: to embody idea. To do this we need space, substance and tools. In architectural design practice space is a real site with definite climate, neigbourhood, orientation. Substance that we shape is an archiectural form composed of many difrent elements: walls, windows, roof, entry, ... , proportions, rhythm, emotions, impresions... The tool is: our knowledge, imagination, talent, experience, norms, law and drawing equipment. Working with the computer, making virtual model, we have many of mentioned elements given in structure of CAAD program and interpreted by it. But many of them have different character. Making traditional dummy of building we operate on reality which is manually accessible. In case of computer model we operate on information. Space, substance and tool (- program) are informations, data. Human being is not an abstract data processor, but creature that lives non stop in close, direct, sensual contact with nature. By this contact with enviroment collects experiences. Computer can operate on digital data that is optionally selected and given by user, independent upon enviromental conditions. Usually architecture was created on basis of enviroment, climate, gravity. But these do not exist in CAAD programs or exist in the symbolic form. Character of these conditions is not obvious. We can watch demeanour of objects in gravity but it can be also antigravity. In theory of systems everything is considered as a part of biger system. In "virtual" reality (in computer space) we deal with accurences which are reduced to abstract level, free upon terms or connections. We work with our CAAD software using geometric space whithout any other principle.

series eCAADe
last changed 1998/09/14 08:04

_id cf2017_349
id cf2017_349
authors Kim, Eonyong; Kim, Kibum; Choo, Seungyeon; Ryu, Jikeun
year 2017
title Rule-based Security Planning System for Practical Application
source Gülen Çagdas, Mine Özkar, Leman F. Gül and Ethem Gürer (Eds.) Future Trajectories of Computation in Design [17th International Conference, CAAD Futures 2017, Proceedings / ISBN 978-975-561-482-3] Istanbul, Turkey, July 12-14, 2017, pp. 349-359.
summary Security planning is a vital part of the operation and management phase in a building’s life cycle. Ideally, this will be addressed during the building design phase. However, reality often differs from this ideal. In the real world, information such as floor plans tend to insufficiently describe or imperfectly match physical buildings, and must be surveyed and re-worked during security planning. Because of this, security companies require two kinds of staff: those in the security business and those in charge of planning, including floor plan verification. This research focused on creating an efficient way to help staff in this work environment develop a system of security planning for buildings and facilities using a rule-based approach in a tailormade CAD system. In this research, we developed a new 3D CAD system for desktops and mobile devices, which specializes in security planning using a game-engine. To avoid errors during security planning, a rule-based check system was developed and integrated into the CAD system. The rule-set of this rule base was built from the security planning manual, including guidelines on equipment layout and wiring in various situations, which could then be used in the development of an automated check. This research describes the method of system development and final results.
keywords Security Planning, Operation and Management, Rule Base, BIM, CAD
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2017/12/01 13:38

_id diss_kim
id diss_kim
authors Kim, S.
year 1997
title Version Management in Computer-Aided Architectural Design
source Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts
summary This thesis introduces the requirements for version support in a computer-aided architectural design system which seeks to support the work of designers in the early stages of design. It addresses the problems of current computer-aided design systems when they are used for conceptual design. Perceiving the implications of mature technology, this thesis provides a model of version management. The model makes use of object-oriented technology to link the design process and the design artifacts in a dynamic manner, providing a powerful tool for conceptual design. By capturing design versions, and keeping track of multiple design sessions, designers will be able to reuse design ideas, and check on the progress of current design while the interruption of design thinking is minimized. The creation of the design history is considered to be the creation of the version history. By being able to navigate and modify the design history, the issues of design reuse, alternative designs, and the preservation of design information can be facilitated. This thesis presents a working prototype based on the version management model.
series thesis:PhD
last changed 2003/11/28 06:38

_id sigradi2012_164
id sigradi2012_164
authors Kim, Sun-Joong; Lee, Ji-Hyun
year 2012
title How Biomimetic Approach Enlarges Morphological Solution Space
source SIGraDi 2012 [Proceedings of the 16th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Brasil - Fortaleza 13-16 November 2012, pp. 538-542
summary Ordinarily, high-speed train design methodology has been modeled to guide designer’s problem solving and design thinking. However, the current methodology cannot guide designers in very detail due to the reason of the difficulties in bridging gap between pure engineering-knowledge and design-knowledge. In other words, these two knowledge are disconnected each other in a whole frame of design process. But, the paradigm shift that was induced by biomimetic approach has demanded an interdisciplinary approach for a generation of new geometrical characteristics that were impossible to be handled in the current design methodology. In this research, as a case study, we quantify the front-head design of high-speed trains to check the impacts of biomimetic approach. Quantitative methodology of the landmark based morphometric design analysis is introduced and adapted on the study.
keywords Biomimetics; Design Analysis; Morphometrics; High-speed Train Design
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:53

_id caadria2012_074
id caadria2012_074
authors Markova, Stanimira and Andreas Dieckmann
year 2012
title An IFC based design check approach for the optimisation of material efficiency in the built environment
source Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / Chennai 25-28 April 2012, pp. 275–284
summary Compared to other industries, the built environment is still the largest and one of the least efficient consumers of resources. Existing measures and procedures for resource recovery and reuse are focused on the demolition phase, when the composition of materials and structures is mostly unknown and hard to be analysed. Therefore, these measures are somewhat inefficient for overall high-rate material recovery. The enhancement of the integrated semantic planning process by the introduction of the IFC unified data standard and BIM technology is a first-time opportunity to track, analyse, document and simulate all relevant players, parameters and processes with an impact on the resource and material efficiency through the entire life cycle of a building in the design phase of a building project. The presented work explores the potential of IFC to serve as a framework for achieving a higher material efficiency in the built environment. A proposed design check approach for the simulation and optimisation of material efficiency in a building over its life cycle is based on a system of key parameters and actions organised in logic trees. The parameters and actions are translated into IFC objects. Additionally required IFC objects and properties are identified and described.
keywords BIM; IFC; integrative design; material efficiency design
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/29 07:34

_id caadria2013_063
id caadria2013_063
authors Markova, Stanimira; Andreas Dieckmann and Peter Russell
year 2013
title Custom IFC Material Extension – Extending IFC for Parametric Sustainable Building Design
source Open Systems: Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2013) / Singapore 15-18 May 2013, pp. 13-22
summary The enormous variety of design systems and data formats utilised by the actors in the building design process has been recognised as a significant challenge for information exchange and project management. The introduction of the Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) data standard as a paradigm shift has opened a first time opportunity for smooth data and information exchange over the full range of design related parameters and processes, reaching beyond the classical constructional, economic and safety-related requirements. Moreover, IFC allows for the extension of the standard in further areas, corresponding to the specific design, project or client requirements. These user-driven extensions often close an important gap of the IFC standard and can subsequently be imbedded in new releases of the IFC data standard. This paper is focused on the extension of IFC for the purposes of controlling and managing material use, increasing material efficiency and closing material cycles over the life cycle of a building. Material efficiency is defined by the design scopes of material recyclability, element reusability and waste reduction. The practical implications of the data format extension and design-check performance are examined on the level of the data model and, subsequently, on the level of proprietary Building Information Modelling (BIM) software, based on a pre-defined case.  
wos WOS:000351496100002
keywords Material efficient building design, IFC, Parametric design, Semantic design, BIM 
series CAADRIA
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id a73c
authors Matalasov, M. and Seredin, Maxim B.
year 1996
title Computer and Video are not the Absolute Tools. They are Just Instruments That Let Adopt and Check Up Solutions
source CAD Creativeness [Conference Proceedings / ISBN 83-905377-0-2] Bialystock (Poland), 25-27 April 1996 pp. 175-180
summary This work is a logical continuation of the report delivered at the previous conference and an attempt to show development of the points analysed in it. Being occupied with practical work on visualization solutions we are also engaged in research in which we compare the use of computer aided design and video-computer technologies in traditional designing.
series plCAD
last changed 1999/04/09 13:30

_id ddss9464
id ddss9464
authors McCartney, Kevin and Ismail, Ashraf Lotfy R. M.
year 1994
title A Tool for Conceptual Design Evaluation Based on Compliance with Supplementary Planning Guidance and Local Planning Policies
source Second Design and Decision Support Systems in Architecture & Urban Planning (Vaals, the Netherlands), August 15-19, 1994
summary The need has been established for a computer based decision support tool to use during the conceptual stages of architectural design. The main functions are being designed in order to check design compliance with the requirements of local planning authorities; with regards to building size, height, plot ratios, circulation and accessibility, and the preservation of natural features on site. The measures to determine proper evaluation will be based upon site-development briefs, and design guides produced by the local planning authorities. This tool is being developed to operate under AutoCAD environment; the construction industry standard computer aided design software, following standard layering convention, integrated command lines, and pull-down menus. It will also provide many functions for editing two and three dimensional drawings specifically for the environmental analysis tasks. In addition to the common graphical output of Aut0CAD; i.e. plans, elevations and three dimensional models, the tool will generate textual analysis of the design in report format to use as part of the Environmental Impact Statement of proposed development. The speculative tool's functions will be based upon the result of two types of field studies. First, interviews and questionnaires will be carried out tailor-made for architects and planners of both private and public sectors. These will cover issues related to the performance of Computer Aided Architectural Design applications with regard to the evaluation of design schematics, and decision-making for the production of materials for environmental statements. Second, field observation will be carried out to observe the concerned professionals as decision-makers while assessing building design proposals. A prototype will be designed and then tested against the expectations of the tool designer, then the tool performance will be evaluated by a team of professionals participated in the field studies. A critical analysis of the prototype design methodology and the concluding study findings will be documented as part of a postgraduate research thesis to be completed in June 1995.
series DDSS
last changed 2003/08/07 14:36

_id e405
authors Mitchell, William J.
year 1997
title City of Bits
source CAADRIA ‘97 [Proceedings of the Second Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 957-575-057-8] Taiwan 17-19 April 1997, pp. 1-2
summary My name is (though I have many aliases), and I am an flâneur. I hang out on the network. The keyboard is my café. Each morning I turn to some nearby machine - my modest personal computer at home, a more powerful workstation in one of the offices or laboratories that I frequent, or a laptop in a hotel room-to log into electronic mail. I click on an icon to open an "inhox" filled with messages from round the world-replies to technical questions, queries for me to answer, drafts of papers, submissions of student work, appointments, travel and meeting arrangements. hits of business, greetings. reminders, chitchat, gossip, cornplaints, tips, jokes, flirtation. I type replies immediately, then drop them into an "otubox," from which they are forwarded automatically to the appropriate destinations. (Note the scare quotes. "Box" is a very loose metaphor. and I will come back to that later.) If I have time before I finish gulping my coffee. I also check the wire services and a couple of specialized news services to which I subscribe, then glance at the latest weather report. This ritual is repeated whenever I have a spare moment during the day.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2003/04/01 17:52

_id 404caadria2004
id 404caadria2004
authors Naai-Jung Shih, Pin-Hung Wang
year 2004
title Study on Construction Inaccuracies Between Pointcloud and Building Construction Models
source CAADRIA 2004 [Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] Seoul Korea 28-30 April 2004, pp. 623-632
summary This research uses a 3D scanner to scan the construction process at a building construction site in order to produce point-cloud information to compare with the 3D-computer model from a shop drawing. In the check process, we can find construction inaccuracy, and measure the value of the inaccuracy. This will help us determine the precision of the construction methods.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2004/05/20 17:41

_id sigradi2015_3.11
id sigradi2015_3.11
authors Neto, Waldo Luiz Costa; Gallardo, Vanessa Baldin; Barros, Alexandre Monteiro; Bruscato, Underléa Miotto
year 2015
title Digital Manufacturing technologies for Responsive Artifacts Development
source SIGRADI 2015 [Proceedings of the 19th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - vol. 1 - ISBN: 978-85-8039-135-0] Florianópolis, SC, Brasil 23-27 November 2015, pp. 65-69.
summary This paper presents the development of a responsive object that addresses issues concerning to digital manufacturing processes as dynamic geometric modelling, where you can check formal and functional aspects of the product; the use of mechanisms for interaction between user and product, through sensors, controllers and their respective programming; and manufacturing using CAD / CAM resources. The aim is to develop a system for responsive objects development through digital manufacturing technologies in order to contribute for concepts implementation in new products design.
keywords Parametric Design, Responsive Artefact, Digital Manufacturing, Design Product
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:56

_id e22f
authors Petric, Jelena
year 2000
title Time for a Reality Check
source Promise and Reality: State of the Art versus State of Practice in Computing for the Design and Planning Process [18th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-6-5] Weimar (Germany) 22-24 June 2000, pp. 317-320
summary In this current era it is the information technologies that has set the stage for the drama of human life to be acted out. The information revolution has created global links on a scale unparalleled in human history. With exciting explorations into virtuality (the current buzz word) our life experiences, dreams and ambitions will be mapped into cyber-space and our "real" reality will become indistinguishable from our virtual reality. We are on the verge of experiencing a complete sensory immersion in this man-made cyber-dream. We will be able to enter virtual space that has as much richness and tangible quality as the world from which it sprang.
series eCAADe
last changed 2002/11/23 05:59

_id 86ad
authors Pittioni, Gernot
year 1989
title CAAD at the Technical University of Munich - Features of Education and Research
source CAAD: Education - Research and Practice [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 87-982875-2-4] Aarhus (Denmark) 21-23 September 1989, pp. 4.4.1-4.4.7
summary The educational outlines used by the German, and most other European schools of architecture, have certain differences in comparison to an American school. This is partly due to the different tasks each group has to fulfill. Our architects not only plan their projects in detail, but in many cases they have to supervise the site as well. Most importantly, they also check on all communications between those participating in the design process. Skills of architects leaving their schools and entering into practical life generally need further training. Since CAAD is becoming more and more involved in architectural design studios of various sizes, the development of skills in this area should be shifted towards the period of studies. Thus, schools and staffs have to react to meet the needs of the present facts.

series eCAADe
last changed 1998/08/24 09:45

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