CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ascaad2007_011
id ascaad2007_011
authors Reichrath, M. and P. Zeile
year 2007
title Illumination of urban space using digital simulation methods: Exemplified on the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Bamberg
source Em‘body’ing Virtual Architecture: The Third International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2007), 28-30 November 2007, Alexandria, Egypt, pp. 127-140
summary The photorealistic visualisation of lighting-scenarios with the help of virtual 3d city models is gaining importance as a tool, helping to make decisions in the process of planning. This form of presentation makes sense to every spectator very quickly and in a definite way, thus it makes collaboration easy especially in interdisciplinary planning teams. Moreover the light-planner has the possibility to check his design in a virtual surrounding and therefore gain additional reliability for his planning. The displayed, exemplary, workflow and the techniques belonging to it, allow to show situations during the course of planning and to present the current state of planning realistically. Hence the quality of planning can be enduringly improved, through experimental use of new materials and ideas. Moreover alternative planning that does not show the right results can be eliminated very early in planning process, with not need for special investments to do so.
series ASCAAD
last changed 2008/01/21 21:00

_id 51
authors Rueda, Marta Adriana
year 1998
title Complementacion de Herramientas Digitales y Artesanales en los Procesos de Aprendizaje del Diseño Textil (Complementation de Digital and Manual Tools in the Processes of Learning Textile Design)
source II Seminario Iberoamericano de Grafico Digital [SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-97190-0-X] Mar del Plata (Argentina) 9-11 september 1998, pp. 380-387
summary The repetition of units for the configuration of one coherent and produced whole, is an included problem in most of the Design disciplines. In the case of Textile Design, both the surface decoration and the itself fabric construction are technologically conditioned from the industrial production, because it must be repeated the printed signs as much as the fabric structures that support it. In the formative process to the product textile design it is essential the training for the motives distribution in the bidimensional space. Because of that the experimentation volume that it is realized in the first levels of the design learning must cover all the operations to generate motives, to repeat it and to relate it, to establish the global structures and the possible languages to the configuration. The digital media as a complement of the traditional manual technical expand the experimental horizon and with it the students make a trip in all the possibilities of rhythms and technical and like this check at full speed the composition alternatives, just as change the relative positions of the parts, the contrast, tones, values, colors, stresses, textures, etc.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:59

_id sigradi2011_380
id sigradi2011_380
authors Sampaio Nardelli, Eduardo; Massaru Mavatari, Amaury; Cambiaghi, Henrique; Delatorre, Joyce Paula Martin; Azevedo Addor, Miriam Roux; Dardes de Almeida Castanho, Miriam
year 2011
title Teste de assertividade da biblioteca de componentes BIM do MDIC - Ministério do Desenvolvimento, Indústria e Comércio do Brasil [Assertiveness check of the BIM library components of MDIC - Ministry of Development, Industry and Commerce of Brazil]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 188-192
summary This paper presents an on going experiment which aims to check the assertiveness of the BIM library components of MDIC - Ministry of Development, Industry and Commerce of Brazil built and delivered in the site of this institution to support the design of Brazilian dwelling program "My home, my life". We've modeled a pre-designed social housing building and tried to extract from it the typical data that BIM process should delivery such as costs estimates, clash detection, building performance analyses, 4D and 5D planning. We have also done a check of exporting/importing the modeling to IFC and related the difficulties and the results that we have got.
keywords BIM; dwelling program; IFC; interoperability; building performance analyses
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:59

_id caadria2007_503
id caadria2007_503
authors Sat, Reika; Bin Lu, Mayumi, Oyama-Higa. Tsuneo Jozen and Katsuya Nagae
year 2007
title Impact of Design Tools with Game-Like Function on Designer
source CAADRIA 2007 [Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia] Nanjing (China) 19-21 April 2007
summary Various visualization design tools such as CG and VR have been widely used in the process of architectural design and urban planning. The applications of these tools not only assist the designers but also make it possible to involve other relevant professionals and ordinary residents. In order to enable more convenient applications of the tools in the design process and instigate the interests of additional parties of relevance, we add entertainment function to the design tools. In order to test the results of such design tools resembling computer games, we examined the status of users during the design process when these tools being employed. Comparison of the results of questionnaire and collections of physiological data indicated the unique effectiveness of game-like design tools. Pulse detection at ear was used to check the changes of blood supply for left and right hemispheres. The data collected were then visualized by complex Chaos analysis. Comparison of the processed data indicated the different brain status when a user applies these tools in the design and showed the effectiveness of the tools and their impact on the designer. Our results support the usefulness of game-like design tools and may lead to further developments of contents and methods to advance such tools.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2008/06/16 08:48

_id ascaad2010_075
id ascaad2010_075
authors Schubert, Gerhard; Kaufmann Stefan and Petzold Frank
year 2010
title Project Wave 0.18
source CAAD - Cities - Sustainability [5th International Conference Proceedings of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2010 / ISBN 978-1-907349-02-7], Fez (Morocco), 19-21 October 2010, pp. 75-88
summary In recent years a number of projects have been emerged, in which the new possibilities of the computer as a design tool, have been used. Through the digital chain from design to manufacturing the efficiency has increased and allows the implementation of complex architectural structures. With all these new opportunities, also new challenges arise in the teaching and the educational concepts. The paper describes the detailed course concept and the didactic strategy using the example of a parametric designed roof structure, we designed, planed and build up in scale 1:1 within the main course. „Wendepunkt|e im Bauen“ (Turning point|s of building) is the name of an exhibition at the “Pinakothek der Moderne” in Spring 2010. In addition to contributions of the industrialization in the building industry from 1850 to the present day, the exhibition also serves as a platform, to demonstrate new possibilities of computer-aided parametric design and the closely related computer aided manufacturing (CAM). In this context, we took the chance to build a sculpture in Scale 1:1 to show the potential of a constant digital workflow and the digital fabrication. Through the digital chain from design to manufacturing, the efficiency has been increased by the computer and allows the implementation of new complex architectural structures. But the efficiency of the high-degree-automation through the use of computerized machines usually ends in the production of the components. Because this coincidence of the elements in the assembly often proves cost and time, the aim of the project was to optimize both, the production of components and their assembly as well. As part of the wintercourse 2009/2010 different aspects of automation have been reviewed and new solutions have been analyzed. Together with 15 students of the Faculty of Architecture the complete digital chain started with the first design ideas, about parametric programming through production and assembly had been researched, implemented and brought to reality. In the first steps, the students had to learn about the potential, but also about the problems coming with the digital-design and the attached digital-production. There for the course took part at our computerlab. In weekly workshops, all ideas have been implemented and tested directly in the 3-dimensional parametric model. And thanks to the interdisciplinary work with the Department of Structural Design also static factors had been considered, to optimize the form. Parallel to the digital form-finding process, the first prototypes have been produced by the students. By using the chairs 3D-CNC-Mills we were able to check the programmed connection detail in reality and apply the so learned lessons to the further development. After nearly 3 month of research, designing, planning and programming, we were able to produce the over 1000 different parts in only 4 days. By developing a special pre-stressed structure and connection detail it was also possible, to assemble the whole structure (13.5m x 4.5m x 4m) in only one day. The close connection between digital design (CAD) and digital manufacturing (CAM) is an important point of our doctrine. By the fact, that the students operate the machines themselves, but also implement projects on a scale of 1:1, they learn to independently evaluate these new tools and to use them in a meaningful way.
series ASCAAD
last changed 2011/03/01 06:36

_id ga0128
id ga0128
authors Singh, S.K., Vatsa, M.and Singh, R.
year 2001
title Face Recognizing Robot
source International Conference on Generative Art
summary In the biological evolution process, logical thinking has been the last to evolve, and lies at the surface of our consciousness, its means and methodologies available for introspection. On the other hand, the intelligence required to interpret sensory signals and activate motor commands is so well known biologically that it is buried in the subconscious and is entirely inaccessible at the conscious level. The variation in human intelligence is usually measured by the ability to process logical information, whereas the other forms of intelligence needed in daily life are not normallyassociated with the word intelligence. In the recent years man wants to develop a machine having its own intelligence. He wants to make machine, to which he can treat as a real servant. In this paper a simulated robotic system is described, which can be used as a criminal-detecting robot. In this project, an attempt will be made to design a Robot and it’s software, which will have an optimal solution of conditions (for which the Robot is to be designed i.e. security). It will not only reduce the cost (the cost spend insecurity of VIP’s is very high) but also will increase the security strength and stop the criminal activities. It will take snaps of the people and match from its database to check for criminals. Thus, such operations with minimum errors will cause the better security. Computer vision concerned with the sensing of vision data and its interpretation by a computer. Detecting faces in images with complex backgrounds is a difficult task. The approach presented in this paper, which obtains state of the art results, is based on a new neural network model. To detect a face in an image means to find its position in the image plane (x, y) and its size or scale (z). An image of a face can be considered as a set of features such as eyes, mouth, and nose with constrained positions and size within an oval: an explicit model can be used. The think and adjust himself in any condition, can take the optimal and possible decision. The Robot can perform only those tasks and take decisions, which are specified in its programming code.
series other
last changed 2003/08/07 15:25

_id sigradi2017_001
id sigradi2017_001
authors Tanoue, Simone; Paulo Castral, Joubert Lancha
year 2017
title Oficina digital: Experiência projetual para a Tulha da Fazenda do Pinhal [Digital workshop: Project experience for the Tulha of Fazenda do Pinhal]
source SIGraDi 2017 [Proceedings of the 21th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-227-439-5] Chile, Concepción 22 - 24 November 2017, pp.16-20
summary The workshop was conceived as a laboratory of practices that articulate the exercise of the Project with the Digital Free Drawing to check the theoretical presuppositions of this research. It was intended to verify the limits of the analogical drawing in the digital platforms observing to directly influence of the drawing in the construction of the thought. The results allow us to point out that this is not a simple change of support but the possibility of a synergy between two logics of spellings, and the processes of cognition arising from such logics, in the teaching of Architecture Project.
keywords Digital free drawing; Pen display; Projective process; Graphic representation
series SIGraDi
last changed 2018/07/27 08:05

_id 4cd5
authors Thiel, Philip
year 1993
title A Better Understanding of The Role of Endoscopy as a Tool in Architecture
source Endoscopy as a Tool in Architecture [Proceedings of the 1st European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 951-722-069-3] Tampere (Finland), 25-28 August 1993, pp. 123-128
summary As the most tool-dependent species on our planet, our technology determines our activities and thus defines our existence. Because of this a clear understanding of the ends-means relationship of our tools is of critical social- and professional-concern. Endoscopy, or the use of periscopic-like devices to extract human eye-level visual images, static or dynamic, from iconic scale models of proposed environments, is a case in point. Use is appropriate at advanced stages of planning and design, when such experiential simulations are necessary for both professional evaluation and lay approval. But note that the simulation is only a means to an end, and that the fundamental purpose is to evoke a response to a proposal. Simulation and response are opposite sides of the same coin, and the response is the goal. Any such responses are meaningful only with reference to the ultimate users’ experiential preferences, preferably explicitly established as ”performance specifications” before the start of the design process in consultation with a representative sample of these people. This implies the necessity of a means to identify these beneficiaries of our work, and a means to characterize their environmental ”experiential profiles”. It also requires a means for the discursive scripting of their experiential preferences. The development of a design oriented to the achievement of these ends then depends on a similar time-based scoring for the description of sequentially-experienced environmental attributes, hypothesized as related to these responses. Endoscopy then takes its place as the means for a penultimate check on the experiential design-hypotheses, in conjunction with suitable means to record the simulates’ responses in the same format as the original experiential performance specifications, for comparison therewith. The danger in being the most tool-dependent species on Earth is that in our necessary concern with technological means we may loose sight of our ultimate human ends; as suggested by the apothegm ”the operation was a success, but the patient died”. Our inexorable impetus toward technological development means that the specialized training that is inherent in professional education tends to separate and distance the perceptions of those so conditioned from those of the many others who are the presumed beneficiaries of their efforts.

keywords Architectural Endoscopy
series EAEA
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id ecaade2010_224
id ecaade2010_224
authors Trento, Armando; Fioravanti, Antonio; Loffreda, Gianluigi
year 2010
title Ontologies for Cities of the Future: The quest of formalizing interaction rules of urban phenomena
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.797-804
summary “A city can not be designed” Watanabe [1]: our ambition can be at the maximum to guide someway and in some part its growth. So as planners need tools to aid an open design with uncertain goals. This research group beginto develop such a tool at high level of abstraction (Fioravanti 2008), with theaim of investigating the potentiality of a collaboration among complementary research domains. The present work reports about early implementation results of an innovative approach developed by the authors, for representation of design knowledge. It has been identified in the Urban Design Ontology (Montenegro and Duarte 2009) some design entities and their internal relationships that have been formalized and visualized by means of an intuitive interface. As a matter of fact, this approach, by means of inference engines allows coherence’s check and constraint verification, pointing out incompatibility between initial design program and each partial specialist design solution and/or the overall shared one.
wos WOS:000340629400085
keywords Knowledge formalization; Urban design ontology; Knowledge structure; Collaborative design; Open design
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id 2355
authors Tweed, Christopher and Carabine, Brendan
year 1999
title CAAD in the Future Perfect
source Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 18-24
summary The history of CAAD research is largely one of generic computing techniques grafted on to existing design practices. The motivation behind such research, on different occasions, has been to automate some or all of the design process, to provide design assistance, to check designs for compliance against some predefined criteria, or more recently to enable people to experience designs as realistically as possible before they are built. But these goals remain unexamined, and their fulfilment is assumed to be a self-evident benefit. In the worst cases, they are examples of barely concealed technology-push. Few researchers have stated in detail what they want computers to do for architectural design, most choosing instead to focus on what computers can do, rather than what is needed. This paper considers what we want CAAD systems to do for us. However, this will be a modest effort, a beginning, a mere sketch of possible directions for CAAD. But it should open channels for criticism and serious debate about the role of CAAD in the changing professional, social and cultural contexts of its eventual use in education and practice. The paper, therefore, is not so concerned to arrive at a single 'right' vision for future CAAD systems as concerned by the lack of any cogent vision for CAAD.
keywords History, CAAD Research, Future Trends
series eCAADe
last changed 1999/10/10 12:53

_id 4219
authors Wang, Shengwei and Wang, Jin-Bo
year 2002
title Automatic sensor evaluation in BMS commissioning of building refrigeration systems
source Automation in Construction 11 (1) (2002) pp. 59-73
summary A strategy and software is developed to automatically diagnose and evaluate the Building Management Systems (BMS) sensors of building refrigeration systems during commissioning or periodical check (recommissioning). The strategy is based on the first law of thermodynamics (i.e., heat and mass balance of water networks). The strategy evaluates soft sensor faults (biases) by examining and minimizing the weighted sum of the squares of the concerned mass and/or steady state energy balance residuals represented by the corrected measurements over a period, on the basis of the measurements downloaded from BMS. A Genetic Algorithm is employed to determine the global minimal solution to the multimodal objective function, which can be difficult to achieve by traditional gradient-directed search methods. The sensor bias estimates, the confidence intervals of bias estimates and the comparisons of the balance residuals before and after the correction are generated by the software to provide a convenient and reliable means for the engineers to check and diagnose the measurement devices of BMS. The strategy, the software configuration and examples of application are presented in this paper.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/05/15 19:23

_id abdb
authors Wood, D.J., Brown, A.G.P. and Brown, G.Z.
year 1989
title A Sunlight Design Tool
source CAAD: Education - Research and Practice [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 87-982875-2-4] Aarhus (Denmark) 21-23 September 1989, pp. 9.3.1-9.3.7
summary Computer-based techniques for Environmental design tend to be analytical. They are aimed at the engineer who takes a previously designed building and then analyses the environmental performance of the building so as to be able to give performance requirements for servicing plant. Thus the building has been designed by an architect using experience and some broad background knowledge of environmental performance, but it is usually not until the analysis stage is reached that the building's environmental performance is accurately assessed. A sunlight design program (application) has been written to address this problem. This program is aimed at the designer and should allow them to assess quickly the sunlight characteristics of' their building. The intention has been to produce a tool which is easy to understand and use: a tool which is interactive and in which data can be changed easily. Thus the tool can be used: to check the effect of design changes on sunlight performance. The tool is meant to the both an aid to design itself and to the understanding of the environmental performance of buildings. This paper describes the application and the use of it by architectural students. We describe the application, assess it and evaluate its educational value by comparing students' estimations of sunlight performance in their own buildings with performance predicted by it. We look at how students interact with the program to modify their design in response to this interaction and report on their evaluation of the application during a controlled exercise.

keywords Design Tools, Sunlight, Design Education
series eCAADe
last changed 2003/05/16 19:36

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