CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 16 of 16

_id 8869
authors Ataman, Osman
year 2002
title Historical Analysis of Building - (Re)Construction in Olivette Park, USA
source SIGraDi 2002 - [Proceedings of the 6th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Caracas (Venezuela) 27-29 november 2002, pp. 63-66
summary From 1959 to 1990, East St. Louis, Illinois deteriorated from an “All-American City” to a national symbol of urban blight. Located on the Mississippi River, the East St. Louis of today faces severe economic, social, and environmental problems. Nearly onequarter of the city’s work force is unemployed and about 40 percent of families are living below the poverty level. But East St. Louis was not always a distressed community. With strong ties to St. Louis and the surrounding region, East St. Louis onceflourished as the country’s second busiest railroad hub. Powerful economic and socio-political forces, as well as unfortunate historical circumstance, propelled the city into a downward spiral that drastically decreased the quality of life in East St. Louis. This paper presents the digital re-construction of the buildings and the analyses of the historical aspects of the housing construction and types in this area. Furthermore, it reports the survey and assessment of the quality of building stocks based on therevitalization plan that will provide some guidelines and suggestions for improvement, stability, and future needs.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id acadia08_126
id acadia08_126
authors Cook+Fox Architects
year 2008
title The Generation of a Smart Cloud
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 126-133
summary This paper presents the process by which Cook+Fox Architects responded to a design challenge that was part metaphorical and part practical. The project involved providing an environmental response to the natural world existing almost 800 feet above the ground, on the second-highest occupiable floor of New York City’s second-tallest building. Environmentally-responsive features at the Bank of America Tower at One Bryant Park are expected to make it the first LEED-Platinum high-rise in the world. The fiftieth floor was conceived as a headquarters for the fashion designer Elie Tahari, the south facing portion of the floorplate was to house a highly adaptable showroom that needed to be adaptable to complement and enhance each season’s particular aesthetics. Additionally, the ceiling in the showroom space needed to allow for optimized height in an environment where structural, mechanical, electrical and sprinkler systems were all designed to be concealed. A combination of numerous computer-aided design scripts took into account various input variables and finally led to the generation of a Smart Cloud.
keywords Analysis; Behavior; Generative; Optimization; Performance
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id acadia10_234
id acadia10_234
authors de Monchaux, Nicholas; Patwa, Shivang; Golder, Benjamin; Jensen, Sara; Lung, David
year 2010
title Local Code: The Critical Use of Geographic Information Systems in Parametric Urban Design
source ACADIA 10: LIFE in:formation, On Responsive Information and Variations in Architecture [Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-4507-3471-4] New York 21-24 October, 2010), pp. 234-242
summary Local Code uses geospatial analysis to identify thousands of publicly owned abandoned sites in major US cities, imagining this distributed, vacant landscape as a new urban system. Deploying GIS analysis in conjunction with parametric design software, a landscape proposal for each site is tailored to local conditions, optimizing thermal and hydrological performance to enhance local performance and enhance the whole city’s ecology. Relieving burdens on existing infrastructure, such a digitally mediated, dispersed system provides important opportunities for urban resilience and transformation. In a case study of San Francisco, the projects’ quantifiable effects on energy usage and stormwater remediation would eradicate 88-96% of the need for more expensive, centralized, sewer, and electrical upgrades. As a final, essential layer, the project proposes digital citizen participation to conceive a new, more public infrastructure as well.
keywords GIS, Parametric Design, Emergence, Morphogenesis, Network, Urban Design, Parametric Urbanism
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2010/11/10 06:27

_id ecaade2010_199
id ecaade2010_199
authors Deng, Xiaofan; Ma, Haidong
year 2010
title Macro Thinking & Micro Action: A digital simulation example for the southern part of Beijing, China
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.529-537
wos WOS:000340629400057
summary This paper aims to discuss alternative and innovative plan models for Chinese cities that are currently under rapid development. Our study considers Complexity Theories of Cities as theoretical base and applies a holistic approach in city planning by recognizing the complex nature of city. We strive to integrate the diverse local structure in social and spatial aspects with the ambition and demands of city’s expansion. Digital sequence simulation is used as an innovative tool to represent local activities, promote interventions and predict possible self-organization process in the future. The study arrives at an open scenario the feasible prospect. A conclusion is drawn to reflect the process, achievement and weakness of the research.
keywords Local diversity; Living pattern; Industrial parameterization; Infrastructural parameterization; Sequence simulation
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2009_160
id ecaade2009_160
authors Erinsel Önder, Deniz; Gigi, Yildirim
year 2009
title Urban Spaces by the Space Syntax Method: A Proposal for the South Haliç Region
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 827-834
wos WOS:000334282200101
summary For a designer-architect to be able to make accurate predictions for any particular urban space, he/she needs to know the development stages of the city, as well as the city’s various features across time. Thus, it is necessary to read the different segments that constitute the city to reveal its historical, cultural, social, physical and symbolic features. The aim of this study is to determine the social and physical problems of a historical urban space and subsequently to introduce physical and functional suggestions to improve the identified problems, and for the development of the area. The South Haliç Area was chosen as a work-space because of its special importance in protecting the historical and cultural heritage found there and transferring it to future generations. With this in mind, in addition to literature studies, on-site observations and interviews, the area has been analyzed and evaluated using the space syntax method. The suggestions developed for the identified problems and solutions have been re-analyzed, and both the present data and the data obtained after the suggestions have been examined and the results have been presented.
keywords Reading space, space syntax, The South Haliç Region
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id sigradi2012_263
id sigradi2012_263
authors Espina, Jane
year 2012
title Procesos, Metodología y Prácticas en Urbanismo: flujo continuo de datos e información en sectores urbanos de la ciudad [Processes, and Practices Methodology Urbanism: continuous flow of data and information in city’s urban areas]
source SIGraDi 2012 [Proceedings of the 16th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Brasil - Fortaleza 13-16 November 2012, pp. 294-298
summary Technology provides new digital tools for the benefit of the Planning and Urban Design. The goal of this paper is to show a methodology for the interpretation and analysis of the urban site in the city of Maracaibo, Venezuela; and its implementation as academic experience in the Department of Urban Planning. The use of digital and communication technologies in teaching strategies and instructional resources, achieved profits in the teaching-learning process, optimized collection processes, organization and flow of data and information, understanding of the urban fact. Tools used: mobile telephony, internet, browsers, applications, improving communication between students, student-teacher, student-teacher-community.
keywords Work Methodology; Planning; Urban Areas; Digital Technology; Interpretation and Site Analysis
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:51

_id ecaade2010_053
id ecaade2010_053
authors Felasari, Sushardjanti; Peng, Chengzhi
year 2010
title Enhancing A Virtual City with Collective Memory: A pilot study of Jalan Malioboro in Yogyakarta
source FUTURE CITIES [28th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-9-6] ETH Zurich (Switzerland) 15-18 September 2010, pp.825-831
wos WOS:000340629400088
summary The paper reports on a pilot study of how a virtual city can be enhanced by interlinking elements of the 3D city model with the city’s collective memory represented in various digital formats. A particular street called Jalan Malioboro in Yogyakarta Indonesia has been modeled and hosted on Google Earth. Through the questionnaires returned by the participating students, we also investigate how collective memory enhanced virtual city (CREATI) could help learners to achieve goals of a particular course. The study shows that CREATI helps students to analyze the task given by providing more historical information related to the street. However it also needs further refinement and evaluation by introducing more interactive features such as enabling students to upload their own design proposals and to post additional information related to the buildings or places.
keywords City modeling; Collective memory; Virtual city; Google Earth; Architectural and urban design; Jalan Malioboro; e-Learning
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ascaad2016_044
id ascaad2016_044
authors Garagnani, Simone; James Arteaga and Luisa Bravo
year 2016
title Understanding Intangible Cultural Landscapes - Digital tools as a medium to explore the complexity of the urban space
source Parametricism Vs. Materialism: Evolution of Digital Technologies for Development [8th ASCAAD Conference Proceedings ISBN 978-0-9955691-0-2] London (United Kingdom) 7-8 November 2016, pp. 431-436
summary The cultural heritage landscape (CHL) of the urban space in cities is the result of multiple layers of complexity, encompassing both the tangible built environment and intangible cultural values that together influence the living heritage that forms the spirit of place. This paper explores the gap in the intangible and living heritage documentation of CHLs by using a section of public space in the medieval historic centre of Bologna, Italy. Digital technology is used to propose a new paradigm in the study of the complex link between the tangible, intangible and living cultural heritage, co-existing in public spaces of a city’s cultural heritage landscape.
series ASCAAD
last changed 2017/05/25 11:33

_id eaea2005_115
id eaea2005_115
authors Hoelscher, Christoph and J. Alexander Schmidt
year 2006
title User needs at the heart of town: Orientation and appraisal in an endoscopic city scale model (script)
source Motion, E-Motion and Urban Space [Proceedings of the 7th European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN-10: 3-00-019070-8 - ISBN-13: 978-3-00-019070-4], pp. 115-131
summary In this paper we provide a “work-in-progress” report on on going investigation into the perception of building alternatives at a central urban place. The city-planning task in this case involves the development of several key parcels of real estate, with significant impact on a mediumsized German city’s overall appearance and functionality. The interests of investors wishing to maximize economic utilization are competing with public interests regarding urban planning and urban design as well as development needs. Hence, there is a need for the development of different spatial layouts for the district to help identify reasonable concepts for the use of these key properties and their impact on the visual townscape as well as the functional spatial properties of the city’s open space. Ultimately, clear deed restrictions and guidelines are to be identified for future investors to preserve the cityscape and to improve the quality of the existing public open space but also to enhance downtown’s existing sensible economic equilibrium.
series EAEA
type normal paper
last changed 2008/04/29 18:46

_id ascaad2016_041
id ascaad2016_041
authors Kartalou, Nikolia
year 2016
title Visualising Heritage-Memory - The paradigm of Chambers Street
source Parametricism Vs. Materialism: Evolution of Digital Technologies for Development [8th ASCAAD Conference Proceedings ISBN 978-0-9955691-0-2] London (United Kingdom) 7-8 November 2016, pp. 399-408
summary Aristotle in his treatise, On the Soul, defined memory as knowledge of the past, obtained through seeing, sensing, observing, listening and learning. Memory can be envisaged as the mental imprint of an image that can be recalled through the experience of existing objects and places. How is cultural heritage related to the experience and knowledge called memory? Why do memories appear to have a strong influence in unconscious spatial perception? How can visualisation techniques activate heritage-memory? Buildings, as tangible elements of the historic city, disclose the memories of the past into the present, and direct us to an experience of time through matter. Buildings serve as a link bridging the past with the present, and eventually, the future sites of memory. Their fabric is constantly altered with engraved layers of historical change, a sequence of past events which emerge from the remnants of their structure. The past, imprinted on the city’s artefacts, manifests its tangible form, and through a new reading of heritage, as ‘heritage-memory’, immaterial qualities of previous eras can perhaps be revealed. This paper, part of an ongoing research situated in between theory and practice, argues that the immaterial elements of cultural heritage emerging from historic urban spaces, can be critically explored in a new way through the use of digital technology, as a tool to revisualise the memory of a locus. Taking Chambers Street in the Old Town of Edinburgh as a site of focus, this presentation demonstrates several steps towards visualising the heritage-memory of the site. The paper poses the question of how the site might serve as a memorial itself, revealing to the observer the knowledge of past events engraved on its locus. Chambers Street serves as a paradigm of constructing a virtual narrative of heritage-memory, examining the site in parts and whole.
series ASCAAD
last changed 2017/05/25 11:33

_id acadia13_395
id acadia13_395
authors Kim, David; Pela, Christopher
year 2013
title Aqua Lung
source ACADIA 13: Adaptive Architecture [Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5] Cambridge 24-26 October, 2013), pp. 395-396
summary Aqua Lung is a project motivated by New York City’s growing need for housing and the potential threat of a catastrophic storm surge. Stringing from Lower Manhattan’s Battery Park to the Red Hook Container Terminal in Brooklyn, this mile long residential flood gate aligns itself with the existing Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel below.
keywords complex systems, Lower Manhattan, Hurricane Sandy, housing, ETFE, Brooklyn, Governor’s Island
series ACADIA
type Design Poster
last changed 2013/12/16 08:04

_id 6153
authors Korbel, Wojciech
year 1996
title The Present and Future, Development of CAD Exploration in the Office of City’s Architect
source CAD Creativeness [Conference Proceedings / ISBN 83-905377-0-2] Bialystock (Poland), 25-27 April 1996 pp. 147-157
summary The usage of computer as a standard tool for an architect became obvious in the past few years. Late 90's along with their rapid development of technology, followed by the growing amount of computer hardware on the market /constantly better and cheaper at the same time/ caused the big changes in the possibilities of project's presentation. The lack of necessary memory to perform proper calculations for high quality rendered images no longer exists. The question raised most commonly by all leading computer software producers concerns the amount of time in which those calculations can be carried out. The race continues while once again, the price of already existing hardware drops rapidly. All these facts make computer more accessible for a potential user such as an architect. Additionally CAD programmers try to make programs as friendly as possible, reducing constantly the amount of time required to learn the program, at least at its bases. As the result, in the next few years, computer may become a standard, at least in some ways of project's presentation. Once again we may face the problem, when the everyday life goes far beyond the expectations. The question appears, how can all kinds of architectural authorities be prepared for constant changes in this field.
series plCAD
last changed 1999/04/09 13:30

_id 4cb3
authors Kwartler, Michael
year 1995
title Beyond the Adversial: Conflict Resolution, Simulation and Community Design
source The Future of Endoscopy [Proceedings of the 2nd European Architectural Endoscopy Association Conference / ISBN 3-85437-114-4]
summary Fundamentally, the design of communities in the United States is grounded in the Constitution’s evolving definition of property and the rights and obligations attendant to the ownership and use of real property. The rearticulation of Jefferson’s dictum in the Declaration of Independence; “that individuals have certain inalienable rights, among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness” to the Constitution’s “life, liberty and property” represents a pragmatic understanding of the relationship between property and the actualization of the individual in society. In terms of community design, this means extensive public involvement and participation in not only the formulation of rules and regulations but of individual projects as well.

Since the 1960’s as planning and community design decision making has become increasingly contentious, the American legal system’s adversial approach to conflict resolution has become the dominant model for public decision making. The legal system’s adversial approach to adjudication is essentially a zero-sum game of winners and losers, and as most land-use lawyers will agree, is not a good model for the design of cities. While the adversial approach does not resolve disputes it rarely creates a positive and constructive consensus for change. Because physical planning and community design issues are not only value based, community design through consensus building has emerged as a new paradigm for physical planning and design.

The Environmental Simulation Center employs a broad range of complementary simulation and visualization techniques including 3-D vector based computer models, endoscopy, and verifiable digital photomontages to provide objective and verifiable information for projects and regulations under study.

In this context, a number of recent projects will be discussed which have explored the use of various simulation and visualization techniques in community design. Among them are projects involved with changes in the City’s Zoning Regulations, the community design of a major public open space in one of the region’s mid-size cities, and the design of a new village center for a suburban community, with the last project employing the Center’s userfriendly and interactive 3-D computer kit of parts. The kit - a kind of computer “pattern book” is comprised of site planning, urban and landscape design and architectural conventions - is part of the Center’s continuing effort to support a consensus based, rather than adversial based, public planning and design process.

keywords Architectural Simulation, Real Environments
series EAEA
last changed 2005/09/09 08:43

_id eaea2015_t1_paper05
id eaea2015_t1_paper05
authors Lobo de Carvalho, Jose Maria; Heitor, Teresa
year 2015
title The Adaptive Reuse of the Arco do Cego ancient Car-Barn Structure in Lisbon
source ENVISIONING ARCHITECTURE: IMAGE, PERCEPTION AND COMMUNICATION OF HERITAGE [ISBN 978-83-7283-681-6],Lodz University of Technology, 23-26 September 2015, pp.61-70
summary This paper presents the example of the reconversion of an important tram station from the origins of electricity in Portugal that was still in use until the late 1990’s but became redundant since then. Its significant urban presence and the importance of preserving the memory of the old trams that were still in use some years ago in Lisbon, led to an innovative solution, combining public value and heritage protection. In 2011, the Lisbon City Council agreed to give the building and its site for university use, namely to be transformed into a student’s facility, as a study, leisure, recreational and cultural space of the IST, open 24h a day. This new university building, located just one block away from the traditional IST compound, was called IST Learning Center and extended the notion of campus outside its walls and into the city’s urban fabric.
keywords reconversion; university; tram
series EAEA
last changed 2016/04/22 09:52

_id ecaade2008_137
id ecaade2008_137
authors Palmquist, Erik; Shaw, Jonathan
year 2008
title Collaborative City Modeling
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 249-256
summary This paper presents an approach to creating an online real time rendering environment, upon which a large-scale, urban 3D model can be produced as a collaborative effort between initial content creators and outside parties with an interest in simulation and visualization. In 2007, the City of Atlanta, Georgia organized a taskforce to provide recommendations on the future development and mobility along the city’s signature street, Peachtree Street. To aid in the visualization of this area, datasets were converted into low polygon textured 3D models for the entire study area. This content will serve as the foundation of a collaborative effort to complete a high quality real time environment. The process for this project will be described and the means to extend the boundaries, maintain, and collaborate with this content will be proposed.
keywords 3D model, collaborative design, real time, visualization, training
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id eaea2015_t1_paper01
id eaea2015_t1_paper01
authors Walczak, Bartosz M.
year 2015
title The Image of Industrial Heritage: the Case of £ódŸ
source ENVISIONING ARCHITECTURE: IMAGE, PERCEPTION AND COMMUNICATION OF HERITAGE [ISBN 978-83-7283-681-6],Lodz University of Technology, 23-26 September 2015, pp.17-26
summary The symbolic construction of the city’s image has two dimensions. One - internal - refers to the image of the city developed and reproduced by its residents. Another - external - is perceived by the people from the outside. In this respect the heritage has a dual role to play: it is the central focus of the visitors activities whilst at the same time being a fundamental element in the construction of local community identity. The above issues are discussed in the context of £ódŸ, which - like many other post-industrial cities - faces the problem how to handle the heritage and to create a new positive image, which is of crucial importance in constant competition for new investments.
keywords industrial heritage; identity; city image renewal
series EAEA
last changed 2016/04/22 09:52

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