CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 101 to 120 of 175

_id 3e01
authors Linnert, C., Encarnacao, M., Storck, A. and Koch, V.
year 2000
title Virtual Building Lifecycle - Giving architects access to the future of buildings by visualizing lifecycle data
source ICCCBE8, Stanford, August 2000
summary Today’s software for architects and civil engineers is lacking support for the evaluation and improvement of building lifecycles. Facility Management Systems and 4D-CAD try to integrate lifecycle data and make them better accessible, but miss the investigation of the development of the structure itself. Much money is inappropriately spent when materials with different life expectancies are combined in the wrong way and building parts are repaired or replaced too early or too late. With the methods of scientific visualization and real-time 3Dgraphics these deficiencies can be eliminated. The project “Virtual Building Lifecycle” (short VBLC, [W-VBLC]) connects 3D geometrical information to research data such as life expectancy and emissions and to standard database information like prices. The automated visualization of critical points of the structure in the past, presence and future is a huge advantage and helps engineers to improve the duration of the lifecycle and reduce the costs.
keywords Visualization; lifecycle; virtual building; realtime 3D graphics; architectural database; 4D-CAD; Facility Management
series other
email volker.koch@ifib.uni-karlsruhe.de
last changed 2003/02/26 17:58

_id fcb4
id fcb4
authors Loemker, Thorsten Michael
year 2006
title Solving Revitalization-Problems by the Use of a Constraint Programming Language
source IKM 2006, International Conference on the Applications of Computer Science and Mathematics in Architecture and Civil Engineering, Weimar, July 2006
summary This research focuses on an approach to describe principles in architectural layout planning within the domain of revitalization. With the aid of mathematical rules, which are executed by a computer, solutions to design problems are generated. Provided that “design” is in principle a combinatorial problem, i.e. a constraint-based search for an overall optimal solution of a problem, an exemplary method will be described to solve such problems in architectural layout planning. To avoid conflicts relating to theoretical subtleness, a customary approach adopted from Operations Research has been chosen in this work [1]. In this approach, design is a synonym for planning, which could be described as a systematic and methodical course of action for the analysis and solution of current or future problems. The planning task is defined as an analysis of a problem with the aim to prepare optimal decisions by the use of mathematical methods. The decision problem of a planning task is represented by an optimization model and the application of an efficient algorithm in order to aid finding one or more solutions to the problem. The basic principle underlying the approach presented herein is the understanding of design in terms of searching for solutions that fulfill specific criteria. This search is executed by the use of a constraint programming language.
keywords Revitalization, Optimization, Constraint Programming, OPL
series other
type short paper
email thorsten.loemker@tu-dresden.de
more http://euklid.bauing.uni-weimar.de/ikm2006-cd/data/templates/papers/f26.pdf
last changed 2008/10/13 12:02

_id 25a2
authors MacCallum, C. and Hanna, R.
year 1997
title DEFLECT: A Computer Aided Learning Package for Teaching Structural Design - Phase Two
source Challenges of the Future [15th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-3-0] Vienna (Austria) 17-20 September 1997
summary This paper reports on Phase Two of a SHEFC funded project jointly carried out by the Department of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering, University of Paisley, the Mackintosh School of Architecture, and Lamp Software. The project aims to build a computer-assisted learning package on the response of structures to load. The software will be used as an interactive teaching tool for both architectural and engineering students.

The package has four levels: Beginners (Level 1), Intermediate (Level 2) and Advanced (Levels 3 and 4). The first two levels have been completed after continuous feedback from both institutions. Level 1 is geared towards architectural and engineering students to help them understand structural behaviour of building components, such as deflection. Level 2 is a graphical editor that enables students to draw precisely the structure of their designs, investigate the deflection of structural members and identify areas of tension and compression. Levels 3 and 4 are a design tool which is aimed at architectural and civil engineering students where they can design and analyse realistic structures by choosing structural members from a library, and specify materials and multiple loads.

Phase One of DEFLECT was presented in the 14th ECAADE conference , which was held at the University of Lund, Sweden. In Phase Two, the range of structural examples was expanded to include typological classics. This was accompanied by additional teaching and learning material. The package was enlarged to include bending moment and shear force diagrams, tapered and curved members, and additional materials such as glass.

series eCAADe
email gtca09@udcf.gla.ac.uk
more http://info.tuwien.ac.at/ecaade/proc/maccull/maccull.htm
last changed 2001/08/17 13:11

_id 8832
authors MacCallum, C. and Hanna, R.
year 1996
title DEFLECT: A Computer Aided Learning Package For Teaching Structural Design
source Education for Practice [14th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-2-2] Lund (Sweden) 12-14 September 1996, pp. 253-262
summary The teaching of structures and its integration with design teaching has been seen as one of the major problems in design education in schools of architecture world-wide. A number of suggestions have been put forward to improve the quality of teaching in structures in architecture. These include the production of computer based learning materials, and the use of the computer as a ‘substitute’ tutor.

This paper reports on a SHEFC funded project jointly carried out by the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Paisley, the Mackintosh School of Architecture, and Lamp Software. The project aims to build a computer-assisted learning package on the response of structures to load. The software will be used as an interactive teaching tool for both architectural and engineering students.

The package has three levels: Beginners (Level 1), Intermediate (Level 2) and Advanced (Level 3). The first two levels have been completed after continuous feedback from both institutions. Level 1 is geared towards architectural and engineering students to help them understand structural behaviour of building components, such as deflection. Level 2 is a graphical editor that enables students to draw precisely the structure of their designs, investigate the deflection of structural members and identify areas of tension and compression. Level 3 is a design tool aimed at architectural and civil engineering students where they can design and analyse realistic structures by choosing structural members from a library, and specify materials and multiple loads.

Prior to its final release, the software package was appraised by students from both institutions. Analysis of results from questionnaires revealed that students expressed a great deal of 'satisfaction' with many of its teaching and learning attributes. The outcome of this project will promote and enhance students’ understanding of the response of structures to load; it will also help students grasp the impact of varying building materials and cross sectional properties on the structural form.

series eCAADe
email gtca09@udcf.gla.ac.uk
last changed 1998/08/17 13:48

_id 62a1
authors Maher, M.L. and Poon, J.
year 1996
title Modelling design exploration as co-evolution
source Microcomputers in Civil Engineering, 11:192-207
summary Most computer-based design tools assume designers work with a well defined problem. However, this assumption has been challenged by current research. The explorative aspect of design, especially during conceptual design, is not fully addressed. This paper introduces a model for problem-design exploration, and how this model can be implemented using the genetic algorithm (GA) paradigm. The basic GA, which does not support our exploration model, evaluates individuals from a population of design solutions with an unchanged fitness function. This approach to evaluation implements search with a prefixed goal. Modifications to the basic GA are required to support exploration. Two approaches to implement a co-evolving GA are presented and discussed in this paper: one in which the fitness function is represented within the genotype, and a second in which the fitness function is modelled as a separately evolving population of genotypes.
series journal paper
email mary@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

_id 4494
authors Maher, Mary Lou
year 1985
title Hi-Rise and Beyond : Directions for Expert Systems in Design
source Computer Aided Design. November, 1985. vol. 17: pp. 420-427 : ill. includes bibliography
summary This paper commences with a brief introduction to expert systems and then describes the Hi-Rise expert system for structural design in terms of scope, problem solving strategy, knowledge representation and implementation. It then discusses the potential for developing an expert system capable of innovative design and describes the possibility of developing a generic expert system framework appropriate for any structural design problem
keywords expert systems, civil engineering, structures, knowledge, representation, synthesis
series CADline
email mary@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2003/05/17 08:19

_id 3ade
id 3ade
authors Martens, B. and Jabi, W. (Eds.)
year 2004
title SPECIAL ISSUE ON „DIGITAL MEDIA LIBRARIES“
source ITcon Vol. 9 (2004), pp. 97-174
summary There are numerous commercial digital asset management systems, but most of them are relatively expensive and meant for in-house management. In the meanwhile alternative solutions have been developed for searchable interactive repositories of media for professional use, education and research.

Web-based digital libraries and indexes of literature have been available on the internet for a few years now. In many cases a focus on specified areas is given and published information is disseminated in this way. However, researchers, educators and practitioners in architecture and civil engineering also depend on various sources of information that are stored and delivered in a multitude of media formats. Some of that information is case-based and built incrementally from previous experiences.

type normal paper
email b.martens@tuwien.ac.at
more http://www.itcon.org/cgi-bin/papers/Show?2004_6
last changed 2004/08/17 05:46

_id sigradi2010_304
id sigradi2010_304
authors Matos, Camila; Fideles Felipe; Ximenes Luciana; Gaspar Rebeca
year 2010
title Diagramas interativos: visualização e especulações sobre as dinâmicas urbanas [Interactive diagrams: visualization and speculation about urban dynamics]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 304-307
summary The main instrument of urban regulation in Brazil is the plano diretor. Currently, apart from serving as a legal document, it is also the sole means of representation of the rates, zones and boundaries that it determines. However, this representation has been inefficient and, given the need to include civil society in decision - making, it becomes imperative that the impact of decisions be reviewed and communicated. As an effort to solve this problem, we propose the creation of an interface that combines information design and GIS (geographic information systems) in the format of an interactive diagram.
keywords information design; urban planning; GIS; interactive diagram; social control
series SIGRADI
email camilamatosf@gmail.com
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id maver_083
id maver_083
authors Maver, T.W., Frame, I. and Chen, Y.
year 1996
title A Human-Centred Approach Towards Design Integration
source Published in Information Representation and Delivery in Civil and Structural Engineering Design. (Ed B. Kumar ) CIVIL COMP Press, UK, 105-116
summary Many past efforts have addressed design integration in terms of inter-operation among design tools/applications. In this paper the authors attempt to stress the social dimension of design and the role of explicit support for human level interaction during design systems integration. A humancentred approach will be proposed by taking design integration as collaborative use of design artifacts. A virtual studio environment framework will be presented as an integration vehicle to link social and technical dimensions within a human-human interaction context. A prototype virtual studio environment will be outlined, and a demonstration of using the VSE prototype presented. This will he followed by some discussion on the related research and further work.
series other
email t.w.maver@strath.ac.uk
last changed 2003/09/03 13:01

_id sigradi2016_428
id sigradi2016_428
authors Menezes, Alexandre Monteiro de; Viana, Maria de Lourdes Silva; Pereira Junior, Mario Lucio; Palhares, Sérgio Ricardo
year 2016
title Projeto Simultâneo: A formaç?o do profissional contemporâneo e o mercado da construç?o civil [Simultaneous Design: The formation of the contemporary professional and construction market]
source SIGraDi 2016 [Proceedings of the 20th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Argentina, Buenos Aires 9 - 11 November 2016, pp.188-193
summary This research investigates the adequacy of the contemporary professional formation to professional practice in the construction market. The work investigates the teaching of building and structures design in schools of architecture and civil engineering in Belo Horizonte. There is evidence that the use of contemporary information technology such as BIM (Building Information Modeling) enables integrated teaching of architecture and engineering, allowing simultaneous work. The hypothesis is that there is a mismatch between contemporary teaching and practice and methodological changes seeking simultaneous practice, respond adequately to contemporary assumptions of learning. The confirmation of this hypothesis subsidizes developments for future research.
keywords BIM (Building Information Modeling); Building Design; Architecture; Civil Engineering
series SIGraDi
email amenezes@fumec.br
last changed 2017/06/21 12:18

_id sigradi2016_659
id sigradi2016_659
authors Miyasaka Elza Luli; Paoletti, Ingrid; Fabricio, Marcio Minto
year 2016
title Choosing the Partner in a Digital Fabrication Case
source SIGraDi 2016 [Proceedings of the 20th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-956-7051-86-1] Argentina, Buenos Aires 9 - 11 November 2016, pp.374-380
summary This paper presents a partnership organization of several enterprises to build a pavilion in Expo 2015. Cutting edge technology, cooperation and collaboration associated with communication systems are the key issues to success in a global market.
keywords Industry 4.0, Collaboration, Cooperation, Digital Fabrication, Civil Construction
series SIGraDi
email elzamiyasaka@gmail.com
last changed 2017/06/21 12:20

_id sigradi2018_1612
id sigradi2018_1612
authors Miyasaka, Elza Luli; Minto Fabricio, Márcio; Paoletti, Ingrid
year 2018
title Industry 4.0 and the Civil Construction in Brazil
source SIGraDi 2018 [Proceedings of the 22nd Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISSN: 2318-6968] Brazil, São Carlos 7 - 9 November 2018, pp. 690-694
summary This paper aims to make an exploratory research about the dissemination of the purpose of Industry 4.0 concept in Brazil, that was introduced by Germany in 2011, especially in Architecture, Engineering and Construction sector. For this aim it was made a survey in magazines on line. As results was verified that the area that is discussing the concept are essentially productions engineering with a inexpressive repercussion in civil construction.
keywords Industry 4.0, Digital Fabrication, Technopolítics, Brazil
series SIGraDi
email mel@ufv.br
last changed 2019/05/20 09:14

_id 2005_155
id 2005_155
authors Mullins, Michael, Kirkegaard, Poul Henning, Jessen, Rasmus Zederkof and Klitgaard Jens
year 2005
title A Topology Optimization Approach to Learning in Architectural Design
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 155-162
summary Topology optimization methods offer an interesting tool for architects and engineers as a rational basis for the choice of a structure’s initial form, particularly as developments in computer software are compatible with this approach. This can be argued from ecology, resource savings, static load design, financial and a number of other pragmatic reasons. But in an artistic/architectural perspective these are not decisive. Analogical design qualities include a tectonic appreciation of the properties of materials, metaphoric interpretation of intention and considerations of context. The paper describes an attempt to unify analytic and analogical approaches in an architectural education setting, using topology optimization software. It uses as examples recent student projects where the architectural design process based on a topology optimization approach has been investigated. The paper describes and presents results obtained by the students during the project. Further, a discussion is delivered concerning the improved understanding of tectonic design obtained by the student during the projects.
keywords Architectural Education, Topology Optimization, Tectonic Design
series eCAADe
email i5phk@civil.auc.dk
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id sigradi2014_291
id sigradi2014_291
authors Nardelli, Eduardo Sampaio
year 2014
title Fabricação Digital na Produção de Habitação de Interesse Social no Brasil [Digital Fabrication in Social Housing Production of Brazil]
source SiGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 350-353
summary This paper reports an ongoing research on possible uses of digital fabrication in the production of social housing in Brazil, focusing on Minha Casa Minha Vida Program. We describe the typological characteristics of this program, presenting the definition of rapid prototyping and digital fabrication and its main methods. Then, we present the concept of generative architecture and shape grammar and indicate their possible use in the production of this type of housing in conjunction with digital fabrication. Finally, we highlight the importance of introducing these new technologies in the productive chain of Brazilian civil construction at a time when we need productivity gains to overcome the bottlenecks that today limits the development of the country
keywords Social Housing; Digital Fabrication; Rapid Prototyping; Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida; Generative Architecture
series SIGRADI
email nardelli@mackenzie.br
last changed 2016/03/10 08:55

_id b09c
authors Navon, Ronie
year 1997
title COCSY II: CAD/CAM Integration for On-Site Robotics
source Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering -- January 1997 -- Volume 11, Issue 1, pp. 17-25
summary This paper discusses the need for automatic data extraction, processing, and transfer [computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) interfacing] between the design and constructionphases as a key element in computer-integrated construction (CIC). The CAD/CAM interface eliminates the need for manual interfacing between these two computer-aided phases. The CAD/CAM interfaceimproves the process of the constructed facility realization by eliminating the manual data processing and thereby reducing many sources of errors. It also makes the process more cost-effective because it reduceslabor inputs, especially those presently invested in robot programming. A model for automatic data extraction, processing, and transfer is proposed for the tile-setting paradigm. The model generates constructionmanagement data as well as data needed for automatic on-site construction (robotics). The model is implemented in the AutoCAD and AutoLISP environments. The model and the implementation system weretested in the laboratories with a scaled robot adapted to perform interior finishing tasks.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/05/15 19:45

_id ecaade2017_189
id ecaade2017_189
authors Parigi, Dario, Svidt, Kjeld, Molin, Erik and Bard, Delphine
year 2017
title Parametric Room Acoustic workflows - Review and future perspectives
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 603-610
summary The paper investigates and assesses different room acoustics software and the opportunities they offer to engage in parametric acoustics workflow and to influence architectural designs. The first step consists in the testing and benchmarking of different tools on the basis of accuracy, speed and interoperability with Grasshopper 3d. The focus will be placed to the benchmarking of three different acoustic analysis tools based on raytracing. To compare the accuracy and speed of the acoustic evaluation across different tools, a homogeneous set of acoustic parameters is chosen. The room acoustics parameters included in the set are reverberation time (EDT, RT30), clarity (C50), loudness (G), and definition (D50). Scenarios are discussed for determining at different design stages the most suitable acoustic tool. Those scenarios are characterized, by the use of less accurate but fast evaluation tools to be used in early design stages, or by more accurate but slower tools for later-stage design stage detailing and delivery phases.
keywords Geometrical Acoustics; Parametric design; Real-time acoustic analysis; Virtual reality
series eCAADe
email dp@civil.aau.dk
last changed 2017/09/13 13:30

_id sigradi2011_072
id sigradi2011_072
authors Parra-Agudelo, Leonardo
year 2011
title Interaction Design for Bogota: civil participation and public space construction [Interaction Design for Bogota: civil participation and public space construction]
source SIGraDi 2011 [Proceedings of the 15th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Argentina - Santa Fe 16-18 November 2011, pp. 335-338
summary The ubiquity of digitally enhanced objects has made our social and cultural experiences to be mediated by electronic and digital products, and the vast and mostly invisible layer of technology that is being deployed in Bogota, Colombia, will have a substantial impact in our local public space. Design disciplines have the responsibility to actively engage and address problems and opportunities created by new technology developments. This paper will focus on the theoretical framework and research approach, to provide foundations for local upcoming research projects dealing with public space and digital technologies.
keywords Public space; urban informatics; interaction design; action research; design research
series SIGRADI
email lparra@uniandes.edu.co
last changed 2016/03/10 08:57

_id ecaade2017_089
id ecaade2017_089
authors Petrš, Jan, Havelka, Jan, Florián, Miloš and Novák, Jan
year 2017
title MoleMOD - On Design specification and applications of a self-reconfigurable constructional robotic system
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 159-166
summary The paper explores the use of in-house developed self-reconfigurable modular robotic system in civil construction activities and investigates a concept where an arbitrary Civil Engineering structure or a daily use industrial product are self-assembled from a number of self-reconfigurable composite blocks. The system extends current range of modular robot systems (mDrs) where autonomous modules self-assemble into a wide variety of forms. However, contrary to conventional mDrs, MoleMOD has not mechatronic actuating parts permanently fixed to each individual module. The MoleMOD actuators are separable and operate inside the modules, tight them together or relocate them to required configuration. It significantly reduces number of expensive mechatronics parts and the environment the actuators operate. Although MoleMOD focuses on architecture, it can take over other mDrs tasks as research and rescue. This paper describes properties, advantages, foreseen applications, and basic design specifications of the second generation prototype.
keywords Modular robotic systems; Mobile robotic systems; Adaptive architecture; MoleMOD; Smart materials and structures; Multi-robot systems
series eCAADe
email petrsjan@fa.cvut.cz
last changed 2017/09/13 13:31

_id ascaad2004_paper6
id ascaad2004_paper6
authors Petzold, Frank and Dirk Donath
year 2004
title Digital Building Surveying and Planning in Existing Building
source eDesign in Architecture: ASCAAD's First International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design, 7-9 December 2004, KFUPM, Saudi Arabia
summary For planning in existing built contexts, the building survey is the starting point for initial planning proposals, for the diagnosis and documentation of building damages, for the creation of objectives catalogues, for the detailed design of renovation and conversion measures and for ensuring fulfilment of building legislation, particularly by change of use and refitting. An examination of currently available IT-tools shows insufficient support for planning within existing contexts, most notably a deficit with regard to information capture and administration. In ongoing research at the Bauhaus-Universität Weimar (SFB524- Collaborative research center 524 “Materials and Structure in Revitalization of Buildings”) methods and techniques of revitalisation are being investigated (SFB 524, 2004). A special branch of SFB524- D2 entitled “Planning-Relevant Digital Building Surveying and Information Systems” is investigating possibilities of computer-aided building survey and communication platforms for architects and civil engineers. This paper discusses the concept for a modular surveying system (basic concept, structuring of collected data, separation of geometry from semantic data, and separation into sub-systems) and the prototypical realisation of a system for the complete support of the entire building surveying process for existing buildings. The project aims to contribute to the development of a planning system for existing buildings.
series ASCAAD
email donath@archit.uni-weimar.de
last changed 2007/04/08 17:47

_id b42c
authors Piccolotto, M. and Rio, O.
year 1996
title A computer-based teaching tool for structural design
source Automation in Construction 5 (3) (1996) pp. 233-242
summary In this paper we will discuss the importance of computer-based simulation tools for the education of architects and civil engineers. We present our efforts to develop a program for the simulation of structures (CASDET). CASDET forms a microworld for planar structures. The program enables students to compose structures and to experiment interactively the effects of different geometry and load configurations. It tries to identify the proposed structure and controls its stability. Upon request of the student, it also processes displacements, internal forces (moments, shear forces, etc.) and reaction forces on supports. The students can then visualise the desired information by interacting directly with the structure or its members of interest. We present different methods with which students can visualise the results of their actions and discuss their implications in the educational context.
series journal paper
more http://www.elsevier.com/locate/autcon
last changed 2003/05/15 19:23

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