CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 161 to 175 of 175

_id caadria2003_k-2
id caadria2003_k-2
authors Suwansawat, Suchatvee
year 2003
title The Challenging Subway Project in Bangkok - New Hope of Thais in Solving Traffic Problem [Keynote]
source CAADRIA 2003 [Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 974-9584-13-9] Bangkok Thailand 18-20 October 2003, pp. 13-24
summary This paper describes the overall delivery of the Chaloem Ratchamongkhon Line, the first subway project in Bangkok as a challenging tunneling project in an urban environment. Eight pressure balance shields were employed under two major civil works contracts (North and South sections) to drive approximately 20 kilometers of twin-tunnel underneath congested area. As a international well known project, multinational workforces exca vated tunnels for the large subway system intended to carry a half million people daily over several lines through the central city in order to minimize traffic jam. Tunnel problem includes many existing structures along the tunnel route as well as flooding, ground subsidence, and fire problems.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2003/12/02 06:47

_id ecaade2008_046
id ecaade2008_046
authors Suša Mahuzier, Branko ; Labarca Montoya, Claudio; Burdiles Araneda, Macarena
year 2008
title Architecture of Structural Membrane in Chile
source Architecture in Computro [26th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-7-2] Antwerpen (Belgium) 17-20 September 2008, pp. 593-600
summary The present paper deals with the theoretical and technical reflection on basic structural principles that allow the generation and controlling of architectural complexity of double curvature surfaces.Despite the difficulties in designing and building such complex forms, Chile has several examples that were developed and built during the first half of the twentieth century. All of them were developed with local building technologies which studied the implementation of experimental and simple materials with innovative mounting techniques. All of them explored new structural concepts generating great interest of architectural spaces for religious cult, housing and civil works. The research objective of this work deals with the recognition and analysis with contemporary modelling and simulation tools that can reveal the type of relationship that occurs between the initial conception of the architectural shape and membranous structural surfaces. Their curvature and sleekness generated innovative structural spaces that contain an architectural envelope with clear and revealing expression of the acting forces.
keywords Membranes, shells, structural geometry, digital design simulation, structural simulation
series eCAADe
last changed 2008/09/09 13:55

_id ecaade2016_237
id ecaade2016_237
authors Svidt, Kjeld and S?rensen, Jesper Bendix
year 2016
title Development of a Virtual Reality Solution for End User Involvement in Interior Design
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 541-546
summary This paper describes development and test of a prototype Virtual Reality system aimed at user involvement in hospital design. User needs and functional requirements are captured by interviews and observations in three case studies of ongoing projects in Denmark. Based on the identified requirements, a prototype is developed based on a multitouch display for manipulating room layout in a floor plan view and a set of Oculus Rift glasses for experiencing the design in Virtual Reality. Together with users from the studied cases, test scenarios were performed to identify possible benefits, challenges and further requirements to the system.
wos WOS:000402064400054
keywords User involvement; hospital buildings; interior design; virtual reality
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id 6fff
authors Talvittie, Juha
year 2002
title The Influence of Information and Communication Technology on Spatial Development and Planning
source CORP 2002, Vienna, pp. 453-456
summary We live in an era of rapid change moving towards the information/knowledge/network society. eCity, eRegion, eCountry, eEuropeand the like are targets of many authorities round the world. One of the driving forces of this development is the new information andcommunication technology, ICT. This technology has developed rapidly during the last 20 years and the pace of development of newtools and applications is intense.The microprocessor, personal computer, mobile phone, e-mail, Internet, WWW and a number of software are good examples of ICT.The use of these tools is growing continuously and rapidly. The productivity of industries and effectiveness of services haveincreased. Civil society has found new ways of networking. Individuals have easy access to information around the world. Mobileand wireless communication is becoming commonplace.One aspect of ICT has been rarely discussed and that is: will ICT affect spatial development. During the agrarian era rural areas werethe focus of life, during the industrial era urbanisation took place. Railways and roads shaped spatial structures. Moderntelecommunications can be seen not only as a new way to behave but also as new kind of traffic. New ICT is not limited by location;it affects place and distance as the determinants of location. Thus it can be predicted that ICT as an essential element of informationsociety will reshape in the long run current regional, urban and rural structures and create new spatial forms for urban and rural life.Although there is still only little empirical evidence about n_w spatial development tendencies, a number of scientists have describedthese changes and illustrated what could happen. Land use planners should be aware of these development tendencies and beprepared for the new challenges they are facing.
series other
last changed 2002/12/19 11:13

_id sigradi2009_911
id sigradi2009_911
authors Teixeira, Fábio Gonçalves; Sérgio Leandro dos Santos
year 2009
title VirtusCADE, um Sistema para o Design Virtual de Produtos [VirtusCADE, A system for virtual design of products]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary The knowledge of latest technology that allows the development of competitive products in reduced times is crucial to guarantee a sustainable growth of the national industry. This work presents the development of a computational system for the Virtual Design of products, the VirtusCADE, which is a CAD/CAE interactive software (Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Engineering). The VirtusCADE includes 3D geometric modeling of surfaces and solids and mesh generation. The system uses the parametric modeling of surfaces, including algorithms for determination of intersection between surfaces and for triangular mesh generation in trimmed parametric surfaces. The graphical interface is interactive and allows the direct real time manipulation of objects (lines, surfaces and solids) in 3D using the OpenGL technology. The system prioritizes the usability, implementing several graphic tools that facilitate the manipulation in 3D. The VirtusCADE contemplates the structural simulation through the Finite Element Method. The code architecture is based on oriented object programming, which allows great scaling capability for the implementation of new tools. This project has great applicability in numerical simulation of physical phenomena, such structural analysis of buildings, vehicles parts, with impact in the industries of civil construction, metal-mechanics, aerospatial, naval and automotive.
keywords Virtual Design; Geometric modeling; Finite elements
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 09:01

_id cf2009_000
id cf2009_000
authors Tidafi, Temy; Dorta, Tomás (eds.)
year 2009
title Joining languages, cultures and visions CAADFutures 2009
source Proceedings of the 13th International Conference [ISBN ] Montreal 17-19 June 2009, 902 p.
summary In a world where sustainability, ecology, collaboration and performance are common concerns, “joining” is a keyword, expressing the idea of an integration of knowledge, efforts and processes aimed at a better future. The CAADFutures 2009 conference thus intends to join professional and scientific reflections, with the notable input of new disciplines that are also concerned with digital design, such as industrial design and civil engineering. As a result, a vivid dialogue is established between different cultural approaches, computational methods and philosophical positions. The field of computer-aided design is faced with many challenges. CAADFutures 2009 addresses the search for new paradigms for sustainable design, the issues derived from the “digital thinking” embedded in current CAD systems as opposed to the needed “design thinking”, and many more pressing questions such as those of heritage, advanced geometry and parametric design, CAD education, virtual environments, interaction and new technologies, simulation, building performance, rapid prototyping, management, collaboration and ideation.
series CAAD Futures
type normal paper
last changed 2010/01/14 06:09

_id caadria2019_252
id caadria2019_252
authors Tung, Hong-Cing and Hsu, Pei-Hsien
year 2019
title An Algorithm of Rigid Foldable Tessellation Origami to Adapt to Free-Form Surfaces
source M. Haeusler, M. A. Schnabel, T. Fukuda (eds.), Intelligent & Informed - Proceedings of the 24th CAADRIA Conference - Volume 1, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand, 15-18 April 2019, pp. 311-320
summary When creating new kinds of origami, people design origami creases pattern on 2D plane. Consequently, people unable to precisely envision the 3D folded shape. However, in architecture, civil engineering and industrial applications, an accurate layout is important. This research is to compile an algorithm for creating origami forms with developability and flat-foldability on the target surface, more specifically, by setting a target surface first, generating a Miura-ori tessellation from the geometric configuration of a target surface. We achieve creating origami forms on a target surface, so that we can generate architectural surfaces with folded structure and accurately layout for construction. Our approach facilitates designing a free-form origami structure upon parametric and 3D modelling software for artists, designers and architects.
keywords origami tessellation; free-form; grasshopper3D; rigid foldability; flat-foldability
series CAADRIA
last changed 2019/04/16 08:22

_id a81e
authors Van Andel, Joost
year 1988
title Expert Systems in Environmental Psychology
source JAPS10 conference. 1988. includes bibliography
summary The knowledge gathered through research in environmental psychology is not optimally used by designers and other people working in applied settings such as politicians and civil servants. In this paper a number of causes and possible improvements of this situation are discussed. Two aspects are highlighted in particular: the structure and the presentation of information. A recent development to present knowledge from environmental psychology is the use of computerized information systems or expert systems. Limitations and possibilities of expert systems in general and for environmental psychology in particular are discussed. The issue is illustrated with parts of an expert system on the design of children's play environments using the pattern language as a structure to present information efficiently and attractively to designers
keywords expert systems, design process, psychology, patterns, languages
series CADline
last changed 1999/02/12 14:09

_id bb8d
id bb8d
authors von Buelow, Peter
year 2007
title Genetically Engineered Architecture: design exploration with evolutionary computation
source VDM Verlag Dr. Mueller, Germany, Dec. 2007. ISBN 978-3-8364-4721-8
summary This book explores design tools based on evolutionary computation (EC), oriented primarily toward conceptual design of architectural and civil engineering structures. EC tools are well suited for exploration in a way which promotes creative design. The multiplicity of solutions generated by EC techniques is less likely to cause design fixation, and so promote a more thorough exploration of possible solutions. The use of such tools also allows the designer greater latitude in exploring design criteria, such as aesthetics, by utilizing an interactive human-computer interface. This book begins with a survey of techniques that have been used in early phases of architectural design, and establishes a set of successful attributes, which are then discussed in the context of EC techniques. Finally, a specific implementation developed by the author is described. Several examples are given in the area of architectural engineering, and comparisons are made with results obtained with more conventional optimization tools. This book is especially useful for designers interested in new methods for generating and exploring structural form, and is accessible to non-programmers in either field.

Dr.-Ing. Peter von Buelow has worked as both architect and engineer, and is currently a professor at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, USA, where he teaches structures in the School of Architecture, and conducts research in structural form exploration based on evolutionary computation. For more information visit:

keywords evolutionary computation, genetic algorithm, design, optimization, structures
series book
type normal paper
last changed 2008/05/12 17:05

_id 6537
authors Wang, W. and Gero, J.S.
year 1997
title Sequence-based prediction in the conceptual design of bridges
source ASCE Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering 11(1): 37-43
summary This paper explores the application of a machine learning technique in knowledge support systems in civil engineering design. It presents a sequence-based prediction method for engineering design and demonstrates its utility in the conceptual design of bridges. The basic idea of sequence-based prediction is that the most recent numbers of similar design cases are used in predicting the characteristics of the next design and more recent cases are given stronger influence on decision making in the new design situation than older ones. This paper develops a model of sequence-based prediction and carries out a number of experiments using it. It is then applide to a set of standard data and the results of using a sequence-based prediction method are compared with other methods. The empirical results show the potential applications of the method in engineering design.
keywords Machine Learning, Time
series journal paper
last changed 2003/05/15 19:45

_id cbef
authors Westerberg, Arthur W.
year 1988
title Synthesis in Engineering Design
source [13] p. : ill. Pittsburgh: Engineering Design Research Center, CMU, February, 1988. EDRC 06-47-88. includes bibliography
summary This paper describes the complex activities involved in engineering design. Next it reviews the chemical engineering literature on synthesis, looking particularly at heat flows in processes. It concludes by looking at some illustrative design synthesis literature in electrical, mechanical and civil engineering
keywords engineering, design process
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 8aab
authors Wiezel, Avi and Becker, Rachel
year 1992
title Integration of Performance Evaluation in Computer Aided Design
source New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1992. pp. 171-181 : ill. includes bibliography
summary An integrated computerized system for evaluation of the overall performance of a building was developed. The system exemplifies the capability of appropriate CAD techniques to upgrade the decision making process and the quality of the design. This paper describes the specific problems arising from the integration of the performance evaluation within the existing CAAD process
keywords CAD, systems, evaluation, civil engineering, integration, performance, building
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 6078
authors Wilkins, Brian and Barrett, John
year 2000
title The virtual construction site: a web-based teaching/learning environment in construction technology
source Automation in Construction 10 (1) (2000) pp. 169-179
summary Site visits form an important component in teaching/learning in many aspects of civil engineering education. However, due to scheduling and access difficulties, and the overriding need for safety, real time site visits may not be possible, and alternative approaches need to be investigated. One approach, described in this paper, is the creation of multimedia databases of actual buildings under construction. This material, suitably structured, can then be delivered through the World Wide Web or from a CD-ROM, thus creating "virtual construction sites." The web site described in this paper forms part of a much larger group of web sites developed by four Universities in Hong Kong over the past 2 years and now approaching completion. This large series of linked web sites is known as CIVCAL and provides a comprehensive teaching/learning environment for students in many aspects of civil engineering. This paper describes the web site being developed by City University within CIVCAL. The City University web site is known as the Virtual Building & Construction Environment and is designed specifically to support teaching/learning in building construction technology.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/05/15 19:23

_id 982c
id 982c
authors Woo, S., Fukuda, T., Kusama, H., Sasada, T.
year 1997
title VRML Use in Bridge Environmental Design
source Journal of Civil Engineering Information Processing Systems, vol.6, pp.255-262
summary The URL (Uniformed Resource Locator) and HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language)are able to make usage of resources on WWW. The development of VRML which is capable of simulating 3 dimensional space leads to the networked collaboration in civil and architectural fields in the distributed environment. In this paper, the seamless system environment which is developed on WWW in the base of the bridge database established by using VRML is reported. The applicability of the design system is made clear through a case study of the bridge environmental design.
keywords WWW, VRML, CGI, Virtual Space
series journal paper
type normal paper
last changed 2006/08/24 05:32

_id 106caadria2004
id 106caadria2004
authors Yoke-Chin Lai
year 2004
title Contribution of Semantic Web to Collaborative Design
source CAADRIA 2004 [Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 89-7141-648-3] Seoul Korea 28-30 April 2004, pp. 91-106
summary This paper focuses on a lightweight ontology-based knowledge management system, which is a prototype that aims at enhancing the collaborative activities in the early building design phase. Technologies with respect to de facto standards proposed by industry group W3C are implemented to develop this knowledge management system. Resource Description Framework (RDF) associated with its Schema (RDFS) is selected as the ontology language used in the system. RDF(S) with its embedded reasoning techniques provides a rich set of constructs to facilitate the generation of ontologies so that the annotated information can be machine readable. Approaches of how the domain knowledge is represented in RDF(S)-based ontology, is shared and retrieved among stakeholders of building project will be described and illustrated in the paper. A proposition with respect to the contribution of this prototype system to collaborative activities undertaken in the early building design phase will also be discussed in the paper.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2004/05/20 16:37

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