CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 1 to 20 of 116

_id ijac201917105
id ijac201917105
authors Agkathidis, Asterios; Yorgos Berdos and André Brown
year 2019
title Active membranes: 3D printing of elastic fibre patterns on pre-stretched textiles
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 17 - no. 1, 74-87
summary There has been a steady growth, over several decades, in the deployment of fabrics in architectural applications; both in terms of quantity and variety of application. More recently, three-dimensional printing and additive manufacturing have added to the palette of technologies that designers in architecture and related disciplines can call upon. Here, we report on research that brings those two technologies together – the development of active membrane elements and structures. We show how these active membranes have been achieved by laminating three-dimensional printed elasto-plastic fibres onto pre-stretched textile membranes. We report on a set of experimentations involving one-, two- and multi-directional geometric arrangements that take TPU 95 and polypropylene filaments and apply them to Lycra textile sheets, to form active composite panels. The process involves a parameterised design, actualised through a fabrication process including stress-line simulation, fibre pattern three-dimensional printing and the lamination of embossed patterns onto a pre-stretched membrane; followed by the release of tension afterwards in order to allow controlled, self-generation of the final geometry. Our findings document the investigation into mapping between the initial two-dimensional geometries and their resulting three-dimensional doubly curved forms. We also reflect on the products of the resulting, partly serendipitous, design process.
keywords Digital fabrication, three-dimensional printing, parametric design, material computation, fabrics
series journal
email a3lab@liv.ac.uk
last changed 2019/08/07 12:04

_id acadia14_267
id acadia14_267
authors Ahlquist, Sean
year 2014
title Post-forming Composite Morphologies: Materialization and design methods for inducing form through textile material behavior
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9781926724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 267-276
summary This paper presents research in developing materials with integrated pre-stressed textile and rigid composite properties. Such a material system, termed Pre-stressed Textile-Reinforced Composites (pTRC), produces forms with great degrees of both 3-dimensional and structural differentiation, from flat form-work in combination with a curated composite forming process.
keywords Pre-stressed Textile-reinforced Composites, Textile Hybrid, Material Behavior, Form-finding, Spring-based Simulation.Category: Material Logics and Tectonics.
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email ahlquist@umich.edu
last changed 2014/09/29 05:51

_id af94
authors Anumba, C.J.
year 1996
title Data structures and DBMS for computer-aided design systems
source Advances in Engineering Software, 25(2/3), 123-129
summary The structures for the storage of data in CAD systems influence to a large extent the effectiveness of the system. This paper reviews the wide range of data structures and database management systems (DBMS) available for structuring CAD data. Examples of basic data types are drawn from the MODULA-2 language. The relationship between these basic data types, their composite structures and the classical data models (on which many DBMS are based) is discussed, and the limitations of existing DBMS in modelling CAD data highlighted. A set of requirements for CAD database management systems is drawn up and the emerging role of product models (which seek to encapsulate the totality of data elements required to define fully an engineering artefact) is explored.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id cdc2008_329
id cdc2008_329
authors Araya, Sergio
year 2008
title Algorithmic Transparency
source First International Conference on Critical Digital: What Matters(s)? - 18-19 April 2008, Harvard University Graduate School of Design, Cambridge (USA), pp. 329-340
summary This paper describes the procedures developed in the creation of an innovative technique to design and manufacture composite materials with transparency and translucency properties. The long term objective of this research is to develop a method to design and fabricate architectural elements. The immediate objective is to develop the methodology and procedural techniques to design and manufacture a composite material with controlled non homogeneous transparency properties. A secondary objective is to explore different levels of “embedded behavior” or responsiveness by using these techniques to combine different physical material properties on new designed “smarter” and “responsive” composite materials.
email sergio_a@mit.edu
last changed 2009/01/07 07:05

_id ecaade2013_249
id ecaade2013_249
authors Araya, Sergio; Zolotovsky, Ekaterina; Veliz, Felipe; Song, Juha; Reichert, Steffen; Boyce, Mary and Ortiz, Christine
year 2013
title Bioinformed Performative Composite Structures
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 575-584
summary This ongoing investigation aims to learn from nature novel material organizations and structural systems in order to develop innovative architectural system. We developed a multidisciplinary approach, using scientific analysis and design research and prototyping. We focus on the study of a “living fossil” fish, whose armor system is so efficient it has remained almost unchanged for millions of years. We investigate its morphological characteristics, its structural properties, the assembly mechanisms and the underlying material properties in order to derive new principles to design new enhanced structural systems. We use micro computerized tomography and scanning electron microscopy to observe microstructures, parametric design to reconstruct the data into digital models and then several 3D printing technologies to prototype systems with high flexibility and adaptive capabilities, proposing new gradual material interfaces and transitions to embed performative capabilities and multifunctional potentials.
wos WOS:000340635300060
keywords Bioinformed; multi-material; composite; parametrics; performative design.
series eCAADe
type normal paper
email sergio.araya@uai.cl
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia15_123
id acadia15_123
authors Askarinejad, Ali; Chaaraoui, Rizkallah
year 2015
title Spatial Nets: the Computational and Material Study of Reticular Geometries
source ACADIA 2105: Computational Ecologies: Design in the Anthropocene [Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-53726-8] Cincinnati 19-25 October, 2015), pp. 123-135
summary Reticular systems are in many aspects a distinct taxonomy of volumetric geometries. In comparison with the conventional embodiment of a ‘volume’ that encapsulates a certain quantity of space with a shell reticular geometries emerge from the accumulation of micro elements to define a gradient of space. Observed in biological systems, such structures result from their material properties and formation processes as well as often ‘simple’ axioms that produce complex results. In micro or macro levels, from forest tree canopies to plant cell walls these porous volumes are not shaped to have a singular ‘solution’ for a purpose; they provide the fundamental geometric characteristics of a ‘line cloud’ that is simultaneously flexible in response to its environment, porous to other systems (light, air, liquids) and less susceptible to critical damage. The porosity of such systems and their volumetric depth also result in kinetic spatial qualities in a 4D architectural space. Built upon a ‘weaving’ organization and the high performance material properties of carbon fiber composite, this research focuses on a formal grammar that initiates the complex system of a reticular volume. A finite ‘lexical’ axiom is consisted of the basic characters of H, M and L responding to the anchor points on the highest, medium and lower levels of the extruding loom. The genome thus produces a string of data that in the second phase of programming are assigned to 624 points on the loom. The code aims to distribute the nodes across the flat line cloud and organize the sequence for the purpose of overlapping the tensioned strings. The virtually infinite results are then assessed through an evolutionary solver for confining an array of favorable results that can be then selected from by the designer. This research focuses on an approximate control over the fundamental geometric characteristics of a reticular system such as node density and directionality. The proposal frames the favorable result of the weave to be three-dimensional and volumetric – avoiding distinctly linear or surface formations.
keywords Reticular Geometries, Weaving, Line Clouds, Three-dimensional Form-finding, Carbon fiber, Prepreg composite, Volumetric loom, Fiberous Materials, Weaving fabrication, Formal Language, Lexical design, Evolutionary solver
series ACADIA
type normal paper
email aashiraz@umich.edu
last changed 2016/08/05 11:37

_id sigradi2005_190
id sigradi2005_190
authors Ataman, Osman
year 2005
title The digital architecture of tomorrow
source SIGraDi 2005 - [Proceedings of the 9th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Lima - Peru 21-24 november 2005, vol. 1, pp. 190-193
summary This paper presents an ongoing research project about the development of the materials and fabrication techniques for a fundamentally new class of architectural composite. This type of composite, which is a representative example of an even broader class of smart architectural material, has the potential to change the design and function of an architectural structure or living environment. As of today, this kind of composite does not exist. Once completed, this will be the first technology on its own. We believe this study will lay the fundamental groundwork for a new paradigm in surface engineering that may be of considerable significance in architecture, building and construction industry, and materials science.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ijac20053202
id ijac20053202
authors Ataman, Osman
year 2005
title Integrating Digital and Building Technologies: Towards a New Architectural Composite
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 3 - no. 2, 181-190
summary This paper presents an ongoing research project about the development of the materials and fabrication techniques for a fundamentally new class of architectural composite. This type of composite, which is a representative example of an even broader class of smart architectural material, has the potential to change the design and function of an architectural structure or living environment. As of today, this kind of composite does not exist. Once completed, this will be the first technology on its own. We believe this study will lay the fundamental groundwork for a new paradigm in surface engineering that may be of considerable significance in architecture, building and construction industry, and materials science.
series journal
more http://www.multi-science.co.uk/ijac.htm
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id sigradi2006_e131c
id sigradi2006_e131c
authors Ataman, Osman
year 2006
title Toward New Wall Systems: Lighter, Stronger, Versatile
source SIGraDi 2006 - [Proceedings of the 10th Iberoamerican Congress of Digital Graphics] Santiago de Chile - Chile 21-23 November 2006, pp. 248-253
summary Recent developments in digital technologies and smart materials have created new opportunities and are suggesting significant changes in the way we design and build architecture. Traditionally, however, there has always been a gap between the new technologies and their applications into other areas. Even though, most technological innovations hold the promise to transform the building industry and the architecture within, and although, there have been some limited attempts in this area recently; to date architecture has failed to utilize the vast amount of accumulated technological knowledge and innovations to significantly transform the industry. Consequently, the applications of new technologies to architecture remain remote and inadequate. One of the main reasons of this problem is economical. Architecture is still seen and operated as a sub-service to the Construction industry and it does not seem to be feasible to apply recent innovations in Building Technology area. Another reason lies at the heart of architectural education. Architectural education does not follow technological innovations (Watson 1997), and that “design and technology issues are trivialized by their segregation from one another” (Fernandez 2004). The final reason is practicality and this one is partially related to the previous reasons. The history of architecture is full of visions for revolutionizing building technology, ideas that failed to achieve commercial practicality. Although, there have been some adaptations in this area recently, the improvements in architecture reflect only incremental progress, not the significant discoveries needed to transform the industry. However, architectural innovations and movements have often been generated by the advances of building materials, such as the impact of steel in the last and reinforced concrete in this century. There have been some scattered attempts of the creation of new materials and systems but currently they are mainly used for limited remote applications and mostly for aesthetic purposes. We believe a new architectural material class is needed which will merge digital and material technologies, embedded in architectural spaces and play a significant role in the way we use and experience architecture. As a principle element of architecture, technology has allowed for the wall to become an increasingly dynamic component of the built environment. The traditional connotations and objectives related to the wall are being redefined: static becomes fluid, opaque becomes transparent, barrier becomes filter and boundary becomes borderless. Combining smart materials, intelligent systems, engineering, and art can create a component that does not just support and define but significantly enhances the architectural space. This paper presents an ongoing research project about the development of new class of architectural wall system by incorporating distributed sensors and macroelectronics directly into the building environment. This type of composite, which is a representative example of an even broader class of smart architectural material, has the potential to change the design and function of an architectural structure or living environment. As of today, this kind of composite does not exist. Once completed, this will be the first technology on its own. We believe this study will lay the fundamental groundwork for a new paradigm in surface engineering that may be of considerable significance in architecture, building and construction industry, and materials science.
keywords Digital; Material; Wall; Electronics
series SIGRADI
email oataman@uiuc.edu
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id ijac20064408
id ijac20064408
authors Ataman, Osman; Rogers, John; Ilesanmi, Adesida
year 2006
title Redefining the Wall: Architecture, Materials and Macroelectronics
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 4 - no. 4, pp. 125-136
summary As a principle element of architecture, technology has allowed for the wall to become an increasingly dynamic component of the built environment. The traditional connotations and objectives related to the wall are being redefined: static becomes fluid, opaque becomes transparent, barrier becomes filter and boundary becomes borderless. Combining smart materials, intelligent systems, engineering, and art can create a component that does not just support and define but significantly enhances the architectural space. This paper presents an ongoing research project about the development of a new class of architectural wall system by incorporating distributed sensors and macroelectronics directly into the building environment. This type of composite, which is a representative example of an even broader class of smart architectural material, has the potential to change the design and function of an architectural structure or living environment. As of today, this kind of composite does not exist. Once completed, this will be the first technology of its own.
series journal
more http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/mscp/ijac/2006/00000004/00000004/art00009
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id ecaade2015_279
id ecaade2015_279
authors Baquero, Pablo, Giannopoulou, Effimia and Cavazos, Jaime
year 2015
title Strategies for Metallic Vault Structures - Aluminium Composite Panels Used as Structural Elements
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 169-176
summary This article explains parametric, fabrication and teaching strategies used during a workshop for constructing a full scale, self supporting, vault metal structure realized with parametric manufacturing methods. The key aim is to construct a small size, easy assembled and transportable pavilion, while focusing on new design and construction methods of a façade system in which the structure, joint and skin will integrate functions in a unifying structural system. For the investigation, we explore materials commonly used in façade industry, such as aluminum profiles and aluminium composite panels (ACP).
wos WOS:000372316000021
series eCAADe
email paniba@faberarium.org
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id 22ec
authors Bechthold, Martin
year 2001
title Complex shapes in wood: Computer-aided design and manufacture of wood-sandwich roof shells
source Harvard University
summary Computer-Aided-Design, Engineering and Manufacturing (CAD/CAE/CAM) technology has changed the way consumer products, automobiles or airplanes are designed and made. The emerging applications for CAD/CAE/CAM technology in architecture, and the way this technology impacts how we design and construct the built environment, are yet unclear. This thesis investigates the relation between advanced digital design tools and the making of physical objects by focusing on an exemplary architectural element—wooden roof shells. The research objective is to expand the scope of architectural design through the application of CAD/CAE/CAM technology rather than to use this technology to streamline existing processes. The thesis develops a specific technical solution that allows the design and manufacture of new types of wooden roof shells. These are complexly shaped multifunctional construction elements that are manufactured off-site. Based on the close connection between digital design tools and the new Computer-Numerically-Controlled manufacturing process the author proposes a theoretical model of shared digital environments for collaborative design in architecture. The proposed manufacturing process treats wood as a modern composite material. Thin wood strips and foams combine into structural sandwich panels that can then be joined into a roof shell. The geometrically complex panels are generated by a combination of subtractive Computer-Numerically-Controlled machining processes and manual work. Infrastructure elements can be embedded into the sandwich build-up in order to enhance the functionality of the roof as a building envelope. Numerical tools are proposed that allow the determination of manufacturing-related parameters in the digital design environment. These inform the architectural and structural design in the early design phases. The digital collaborative design environment is based on a shared parametric solid model and an associated database. This collectively owned, feature-based design model is employed throughout the design and manufacturing process and constitutes the means of concurrent design coordination of all participants. The new manufacturing process for wood/foam sandwich shells is verified by designing and manufacturing prototypes. Design guidelines and a cost estimation are presented as the practical basis for architects and engineers to incorporate new types of roof shells into architectural projects.
keywords Architecture; Agriculture; Wood Technology; Design and Decorative Arts
series thesis:PhD
last changed 2003/02/12 21:37

_id acadia14_453
id acadia14_453
authors Bell, Brad; Read, T. Cord; Ede, Austin; Barnes, Nathan
year 2014
title Casting non-repetitive Geometries with Digitally Reconfigurable Surfaces
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9781926724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 453-462
summary The research is a digitally reconfigurable formwork, controlled by Arduinos and stepper motors, capable of producing a wide range of geometric outcomes for largel-scale panel prototypes using concrete or composite materials.
keywords Reconfigurable Molds, Panelized Surfaces, Precast Concrete, Digital Fabrication and Constructions, 3D Printing, Arduinos, Material Logics and Tectonics
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email bbell@uta.edu
last changed 2014/09/29 05:51

_id cf2015_397
id cf2015_397
authors Blonder, Arielle and Grobman, Yasha Jacob
year 2015
title Alternative Fabrication Process for Free-Form FRP Architectural Elements Relying on Fabric Materiality Towards Freedom from Molds and Surface Articulation
source The next city - New technologies and the future of the built environment [16th International Conference CAAD Futures 2015. Sao Paulo, July 8-10, 2015. Electronic Proceedings/ ISBN 978-85-85783-53-2] Sao Paulo, Brazil, July 8-10, 2015, pp. 397-410.
summary FRP (fiber reinforced polymers) is a family of composite materials combining fibers and polymers to offer exceptional mechanical properties. Its unique material properties have led to its wide application across industries. Although we witness a growing interest in the material in the architectural field in recent years, a significant barrier to its application lies in the need for a mold. The paper describes a new alternative fabrication process for architectural FRP elements that relies on fabric materiality. It suggests a mold free process, combining form finding and garment making techniques, to allow for complex morphologies, surface articulation and variation. The paper describes both the fabrication process through physical experiments, as well as the design process through the use of two design software tools. It demonstrates the potential for sustainable variation of large component facade system.
keywords FRP, Fabrication, Architecture, Mold, Materiality, Variation
series CAAD Futures
email arielleb@technion.ac.il
last changed 2015/06/29 05:55

_id 7b69
authors Borkowski, A., Branki, C., Grabska, E. and Palacz, W.
year 2001
title Towards collaborative creative design
source Automation in Construction 10 (5) (2001) pp. 607-616
summary The paper presents a design support system for collaborative work based upon the composite knowledge representation. It addresses the main challenges of distributed environment: ensuring a convenient access to the common data by multiple users and maintaining consistency of such data. The main idea is to couple the design support system implemented in C/C++ with the knowledge database using the ODBC library developed by the Microsoft. The ability of the proposed system is demonstrated on several examples.
series journal paper
more http://www.elsevier.com/locate/autcon
last changed 2003/05/15 19:22

_id a172
authors Brian Jeffrey Palidar
year 2000
title Live and Direct:A Research and Development Facility for Robotics and Artificial Intelligence Applications
source University of Washington, Design Machine Group
summary This thesis proposed a design project focusing on creating a center for the incorporation, assembly, and demonstration of cutting edge research in AI applications. The project s client is an Institute dedicated to developing the platform for general intelligence by assembling current research and technologies into composite prototypes that push the boundaries of artificial beings. This center also proposes an interactive forum in which the general public can experience the results of the research first hand as well as learn about past projects, attend lectures and presentations, and other activities related to this endeavor and its implications to humanity.
series thesis:MSc
more http://dmg.caup.washington.edu/xmlSiteEngine/browsers/stylin/publications.html
last changed 2004/06/02 17:12

_id caadria2014_520
id caadria2014_520
authors Cabrinha, Mark and Jeff Ponitz
year 2014
title Composite FRP Unitized Façade Systems
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 953–954
series CAADRIA
type poster
email mcabrinh@calpoly.edu
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id acadia14_327
id acadia14_327
authors Cabrinha, Mark; Ponitz, Jeff
year 2014
title Simplexity: Unitized FRP Façade Systems
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9781926724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 327-332
summary Working with industry partners from architecture, engineering, and fabrication, the Material Innovation Lab at Cal Poly Architecture envisions lightweight high-performance fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) unitized façade systems.
keywords Composite Materials, FRP, Formwork, Unitized, Facades, Parts Consolidation
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
email mcabrinh@calpoly.edu
last changed 2014/09/29 05:51

_id cf2005_2_32_203
id cf2005_2_32_203
authors CHASE Scott and AHMAD Sumbul
year 2005
title Grammar Transformations: Using Composite Grammars to Understand Hybridity in Design
source Learning from the Past a Foundation for the Future [Special publication of papers presented at the CAAD futures 2005 conference held at the Vienna University of Technology / ISBN 3-85437-276-0], Vienna (Austria) 20-22 June 2005, pp. 89-98
summary Hybrid designs are those that develop from multiple sources. This paper presents the methodology of composite grammars, developed by merging multiple grammars, for the analysis of hybrid designs. The methodology is discussed with an example from Islamic architecture, which is known to have developed by borrowing from various sources. The methodology is seen to be useful for the analysis of the evolution of historic architecture, as well as for the development of new languages of designs.
keywords shape grammars, generative design, historical analysis, Islamic architecture, hybridity
series CAAD Futures
email s.c.chase@strath.ac.uk
last changed 2005/05/05 05:06

_id 2006_644
id 2006_644
authors Chen, Yu-Shu and Hong-Sheng Chen
year 2006
title Tangible User Interface Design for Lower Limb Disabled Children - A composite function of toy accompanying children at home
source Communicating Space(s) [24th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-5-9] Volos (Greece) 6-9 September 2006, pp. 644-648
summary This study describes the requirement of lower limb disabled children. Lower limb disabled children that limit their movement in nowadays environment. Ubiquitous computing concept is more popular now. This research uses tangible user interface to be a toy accompanying children at home, combine ubiquitous computing concept to help them control the electronic equipment so that disable children can earn their lives.
keywords Disable; disability; tangible; user interface;children; ubiquitous computing
series eCAADe
email g9334702@yuntech.edu.tw
last changed 2006/08/16 16:54

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