CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 41 to 60 of 116

_id e5e7
authors Fischer, Th., Fischer, T. and Ceccato, C.
year 2002
title Distributed Agents for Morphologic and Behavioral Expression in Cellular Design Systems
source Thresholds - Design, Research, Education and Practice, in the Space Between the Physical and the Virtual [Proceedings of the 2002 Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture / ISBN 1-880250-11-X] Pomona (California) 24-27 October 2002, pp. 111-121
summary After more than a century of domination by neo-Darwinian theory, biological thought is beginning to giveincreasing recognition to developmental theory. Amongst other reasons, this recent widening ofperspective is grounded on the incompleteness of the neo-Darwinian perspective in providing modelsfor the invention of novel forms or species and individual development. Evolutionary design theory hasdrawn much of its inspiration from evolutionary biology and consequently shows analogous flaws. Thispaper demonstrates an adoption of biological developmental theory to the field of design theory in orderto fill the corresponding gap. As natural developmental processes are based on the development ofcellular units, which form composite structures, this paper employs the cellular model as a means for thedevelopment of a corresponding design and construction theory. The discussion of this approachincludes possible linkages between morphologic and behavioral attributes of tissues with implicationsfor self-assembly, growth, healing and self-reproduction of man-made structures.
series ACADIA
last changed 2002/10/26 23:25

_id acadia18_336
id acadia18_336
authors Forren, James; Nicholas, Claire
year 2018
title Lap, Twist, Knot. Intentionality in digital-analogue making environments
source ACADIA // 2018: Recalibration. On imprecisionand infidelity. [Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-17729-7] Mexico City, Mexico 18-20 October, 2018, pp. 336-341
summary This paper discusses a theoretical approach and method of making in computational design and construction. The project examines digital and analogue building practices through a social anthropological and STS lens to better understand the use of technology in complex making environments. We position this with respect to contemporary investigations of materials in architecture which use physical and virtual prototyping and collaborative building. Our investigation extends this work by parsing complex making through ethnographic analysis. In doing so we seek to recalibrate computational design methods which privilege rote execution of digital form. This inquiry challenges ideas of agency and intention as ‘enabled’ by new technologies or materials. Rather, we investigate the troubling (as well as extension) of explicit designer intentions by the tacit intentions of technologies. Our approach is a trans-disciplinary investigation synthesizing architectural making and ethnographic analysis. We draw on humanistic and social science theories which examine activities of human-technology exchange and architectural practices of algorithmic design and fabrication. We investigate experimental design processes through prototyping architectural components and assemblies. These activities are examined by collecting data on human-technology interactions through field notes, journals, sketches, and video recordings. Our goal is to foster (and acknowledge) more complex, socially constructed methods of design and fabrication. This work in progress, using a cement composite fabric, is a preliminary study for a larger project looking at complex making in coordination with public engagement.
keywords work in progress, illusory dichotomies, design theory & history, materials/adaptive systems, collaboration, hybrid practices
series ACADIA
type paper
last changed 2019/01/07 11:22

_id acadia15_274
id acadia15_274
authors Fougere, Daniel; Goold, Ryan; Velikov, Kathy
year 2015
title Pneuma-Technics // Methods for Soft Adaptive Environments
source ACADIA 2105: Computational Ecologies: Design in the Anthropocene [Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-53726-8] Cincinnati 19-25 October, 2015), pp. 274-283
summary This work-in-progress paper explores the opportunity to rethink the relationships architecture has with the environment and human behavior. Adaptive systems are gaining traction in the discourse as relationships between the built environment, the natural environment and its users evolve over time. This project, Pneuma-Technics, investigates pneumatic methods in the built environment, composite materials and components, computation, physical computing and sensory actuation. The objective is to advance a developing typology of responsive systems: a breathing architecture that is sensitive to its changing environment. Pneuma-Technics is actuated breath in built form - pneuma, the Greek word for “to breath,” and technics, the Greek word for technique/craft in art. The project imagines the potentials of a soft, interactive surface that allows for the passage of light, air, and human vision, yet maintains enclosure and insulation as necessary for architectural performance. These innovations project new futures onto traditional methods of architectural production and engage in nontraditional materials to develop unique environments. Pneuma-Technics’ is a body of research that consists of tangible experiments for the advancement of soft environments. However, we design for these potential futures as materials, methods, and collaborative action evolve the discourse toward adaptive technologies.
keywords Pneumatics, Soft Robotics, Adaptive Architecture
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2016/08/05 11:37

_id 31d6
authors Harfmann, Anton C. and Akins, Peter E.
year 2000
title The Composite Building Sketch
source Eternity, Infinity and Virtuality in Architecture [Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Design in Architecture / 1-880250-09-8] Washington D.C. 19-22 October 2000, pp. 273-280
summary This works in progress paper describes the development of an alternative method for teaching building technology using the composite sketch concept borrowed from police forensics. The composite sketch utilizes individual components and assemblies of construction in various combinations to explore the design implications of materials and connections on form and surface. To enhance the usefulness of the composite sketch, in-depth case studies of specific buildings are linked to the digital assemblies of the composite sketch so that students can see the basic concepts in actual buildings. The project currently models more than 500 combinations of components and includes approximately 200 catalogued images of buildings under construction.
series ACADIA
last changed 2003/05/16 17:23

_id 9f9c
authors Hu, Xiaochun
year 2002
title An Information-based Framework for Composites Design
source Drexel University
summary The heterogeneity of composites determines that composite materials can be engineered to better satisfy a specific design requirement. The main problems that have hindered the application of composites are the need for the material and manufacturing design to be conducted simultaneously, the involvement of a large number of design factors, the difficulty in the characterization of composites, and the inherent repetition of the design process. Considering these problems, this thesis presents an information-based framework for composites design. This research consists of four main aspects: (1) The development of a heterogeneous CAD modeling algorithm and an integrated CAD/CAE method, and their application in a unit cell-based characterization of composite materials with a complex fiber form; (2)The development of a unit cell database for improving the material and manufacturing process design, which covers the design of its database model and the access strategies based on the logic architecture of unit cells and the relationships among elements of unit cells and with the environments; (3)The design of an Information-Based Design Support System (IBDSS) to support the composites design by using the unit cell database, in which the blackboard framework is adopted for the system to organize various computer techniques for different design stages, and to support the design iterating to satisfactory ones incrementally and efficiently, and the data structure of the blackboard, the algorithm to control design iterations, and design procedures for every stage are studied; and (4) The introduction of a ranking-based unit cell evaluation methodology and effective ranking factors for facilitating and improving the composite design process. The approach improves the efficiency of composites design by automating design iterations, supporting composite characterization, alleviating the cost of composite material and manufacturing method design, and assisting in tailored material selection. Case studies are presented to show how the IBDSS is applied to support composites design.
keywords Mechanical Engineering
series thesis:PhD
last changed 2003/02/12 21:37

_id acadia14projects_265
id acadia14projects_265
authors Huller, Brennen; Long, Nels; Troufanov, Nikita; Wiscombe, Tom
year 2014
title Puff`d Composites
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9789126724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 265-266
summary PUFF’D prototype explores plasticity of composite construction and the role of the seam and joint in architecture.
keywords plasticity, compostite construction, monolithic building components
series ACADIA
type Tex-Fab
last changed 2014/09/29 05:57

_id ascaad2007_053
id ascaad2007_053
authors Islami, S.Y.
year 2007
title Surface-driven architecture: Moving Beyond the Ornament/Structure Opposition
source Em‘body’ing Virtual Architecture: The Third International Conference of the Arab Society for Computer Aided Architectural Design (ASCAAD 2007), 28-30 November 2007, Alexandria, Egypt, pp. 671-682
summary Contemporary architecture has been influenced by a shift of interest from the dialectic Derridean theories of language to those of Deleuze and Guattari who put more emphasis on transitions, experimentation and material presence. New digital design tools as well as new construction materials have opened up more possibilities for architects. E-paper, digital screens, printed concrete, composite polymers and dynamic cladding systems, have allowed designers to relish architecture at the surface level. Moreover, the process of architectural design is shifting from the desktop to the virtual world of the computer. NURBS, Blobs, Metaforms, Isomorphic Surfaces and other complex geometries are now possible using surface-driven computer modelling software. Because of this, the resultant architecture display a much more distinct appreciation and mastery of surface-effects. The following article argues that contemporary architecture is becoming increasingly a process of surfacing, both as a process of revealing and as a process of concealing. Surface, in common parlance, is generally understood as the exterior boundary of things, the outer skin of any object. In this sense, surfaces are actual, material, textural entities that we often encounter first. The surface is also taken to be something that conceals: “it was not what it appeared to be on the surface.” However, it is when things surface that they become evident or apparent; they appear out of a previously concealed existence or latency. Thus, surfacing is a process of becoming explicit, of becoming experientially apparent in a movement from virtuality to actuality. This article argues that the use of emerging computer technologies in architecture, have resulted in a renewed prioritization of surface and surface-effects. It shall be concluded that the surface-driven nature of most contemporary modelling software has resulted in a new approach to architectural design, one that has the potential of subverting the traditional hierarchy between ornament and structure. As a result, this design strategy has allowed for a much more spirited and creative approach to architecture.
series ASCAAD
last changed 2008/01/21 21:00

_id ecaade2017_210
id ecaade2017_210
authors Jimenez Garcia, Manuel, Soler, Vicente and Retsin, Gilles
year 2017
title Robotic Spatial Printing
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 143-150
summary There has been significant research into large-scale 3D printing processes with industrial robots. These were initially used to extrude in a layered manner. In recent years, research has aimed to make use of six degrees of freedom instead of three. These so called "spatial extrusion" methods are based on a toolhead, mounted on a robot arm, that extrudes a material along a non horizontal spatial vector. This method is more time efficient but up to now has suffered from a number of limiting geometrical and structural constraints. This limited the formal possibilities to highly repetitive truss-like patterns. This paper presents a generalised approach to spatial extrusion based on the notion of discreteness. It explores how discrete computational design methods offer increased control over the organisation of toolpaths, without compromising design intent while maintaining structural integrity. The research argues that, compared to continuous methods, discrete methods are easier to prototype, compute and manufacture. A discrete approach to spatial printing uses a single toolpath fragment as basic unit for computation. This paper will describe a method based on a voxel space. The voxel contains geometrical information, toolpath fragments, that is subsequently assembled into a continuous, kilometers long path. The path can be designed in response to different criteria, such as structural performance, material behaviour or aesthetics. This approach is similar to the design of meta-materials - synthetic composite materials with a programmed performance that is not found in natural materials. Formal differentiation and structural performance is achieved, not through continuous variation, but through the recombination of discrete toolpath fragments. Combining voxel-based modelling with notions of meta-materials and discrete design opens this domain to large-scale 3D printing. Please write your abstract here by clicking this paragraph.
keywords discrete; architecture; robotic fabrication; large scale printing; software; plastic extrusion
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/09/13 13:30

_id caadria2019_665
id caadria2019_665
authors Jin, Jinxi, Han, Li, Chai, Hua, Zhang, Xiao and Yuan, Philip F.
year 2019
title Digital Design and Construction of Lightweight Steel-Timber Composite Gridshell for Large-Span Roof - A Practice of Steel-timber Composite Gridshell in Venue B for 2018 West Bund World AI Conference
source M. Haeusler, M. A. Schnabel, T. Fukuda (eds.), Intelligent & Informed - Proceedings of the 24th CAADRIA Conference - Volume 1, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand, 15-18 April 2019, pp. 183-192
summary Timber gridshell is an efficient structural system. However, the feature of double curved surface result in limitation of practical application of timber gridshell. Digital technology provides an opportunity to break this limitation and achieve a lightweight free-form gridshell. In the practice of Venue B for 2018 West Bund World AI Conference, architects and structural engineers cooperated to explore innovative design of lightweight steel-timber composite gridshell with the help of digital tools. Setting digital technology as support and restrains of the project as motivation, the design tried to achieve the realization of material, structure, construction and spatial expression. The digital design and construction process will be discussed from four aspects, including form-finding of gridshell surface, steel-timber composite design, digital detailed design and model-based fabrication and construction. We focuses on the use of digital tools in this process, as well as the role of the design subject.
keywords Timber Gridshell; Steel-timber Composite; Digital Design and Construction; Lightweight Structure; Large-span Roof
series CAADRIA
last changed 2019/04/16 08:26

_id acadia06_556
id acadia06_556
authors Johnson, J., Gattegno, N.
year 2006
title Future Cities Lab | Energy Farm: Seoul Opera House
source Synthetic Landscapes [Proceedings of the 25th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Design in Architecture] pp. 556-559
summary The patterning ranges are developed by merging images of the river surface with tonal ranges that pair with the desired transparency of the metal surface. Water surface images were chosen for the non-uniform distribution of tone. Light tonal areas create small punches, while dark tonal areas create larger punches. The water composite image is rasterized in a half-tone patterning and converted to fabrication data with RhinoScripts for CNC production.
series ACADIA
last changed 2006/09/22 06:22

_id caadria2018_068
id caadria2018_068
authors Khabazi, Zubin
year 2018
title Mathematical Design and Challenges in the Materialisation of a Free-From Shell
source T. Fukuda, W. Huang, P. Janssen, K. Crolla, S. Alhadidi (eds.), Learning, Adapting and Prototyping - Proceedings of the 23rd CAADRIA Conference - Volume 1, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, 17-19 May 2018, pp. 19-28
summary Mathematical design of free-form shells and their materialisation is the main challenge of this paper that we tried to address through the realisation of two successive pavilion projects. We discuss how combination of explicit use of mathematical design of a minimal surfaces could be combined with the geometrical flexibility of glass-fibre composites to result in a shell with efficient structural performance and material use. This has been tested here first using fibre-composite panels and then sandwich-structured composite panels. We compared the result of both approaches based on their structural and geometrical capacities.
keywords Mathematical Design; Material Distribution Optimisation; Robotic Hot-Wire Cutting; Free-Form Shell; Customised Sandwich-Structured Composites
series CAADRIA
last changed 2018/05/17 07:07

_id caadria2011_014
id caadria2011_014
authors Khoo, Chin Koi and Flora Dilys Salim
year 2011
title Designing elastic transformable structures: Towards soft responsive architecture
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 143-152
summary This paper discusses the issues of designing and building environment involving spatial conditions that can be physically reconfigured to meet changing needs. To achieve this architectural vision, most current research focuses on the kinetic, mechanical systems and physical control mechanisms for actuation and structural transformation. Instead of the ‘hard’ mechanical joints and components, there is an unexplored ‘soft’ approach using lightweight elastic composite materials for designing responsive architectural skins and structures. This paper investigates the new possibilities for the manipulation of various architectural enclosures using ‘soft’ and elastic transformable structures, in response to environmental, communication and adapting to various contexts. This approach intends to minimise the mechanistic actuations and reduce weight for such operations. Therefore, this research introduces two modules (a tetrahedron and a cube) as responsive spatial models to test the potentials and limitations for the implementation of elastic materials with responsive capability towards reconfigurable architectural enclosure. Despite their individual differences, these experiments identify a trajectory for new possibilities for elastic architectural components that are more appropriate for ‘soft’ responsive architecture. We argue that this approach can provide an early hypothesis for design responsive architecture with a mix of passive and active design strategies.
keywords Elastic; transformable; soft; responsive
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaadesigradi2019_300
id ecaadesigradi2019_300
authors Kieffer, Lynn Hyun and Nicholas, Paul
year 2019
title Adaptable and Programmable Formwork for Doubly Curved Concrete Surfaces
source Sousa, JP, Xavier, JP and Castro Henriques, G (eds.), Architecture in the Age of the 4th Industrial Revolution - Proceedings of the 37th eCAADe and 23rd SIGraDi Conference - Volume 2, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal, 11-13 September 2019, pp. 217-226
summary This paper lays out a fabrication and simulation method for an adaptable and reusable moulding system for the production of fibre reinforced concrete elements. This research leverages soft robots and their computational controllability as means of a composite material and as such the base of a controlled and adaptable moulding system. This paper describes the development of this programmable material towards a functioning system for casting processes with fibre glass reinforced concrete. The controllable material allows to deploy target shapes and to eliminate supplementary falsework and the customized production of moulds for doubly-curved concrete elements. It also lays out a feedback method, which serves as adjustment tool of the simulation to the physical behaviour of the material as well as simulation method for target based geometries.
keywords adaptable moulding system; soft robotics; deployable material; programmable material
series eCAADeSIGraDi
last changed 2019/08/26 20:26

_id acadia18_294
id acadia18_294
authors Kieffer, Lynn; Nicholas, Paul
year 2018
title Pneumatically Actuated Material. Exploration of the mophospace of an adaptable system of soft actuators
source ACADIA // 2018: Recalibration. On imprecisionand infidelity. [Proceedings of the 38th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-17729-7] Mexico City, Mexico 18-20 October, 2018, pp. 294-301
summary This research in progress investigates a design and fabrication method of an adaptable and programmable composite material in an embodied computation system. It develops a workflow for a behavior-based model, the exploration of the morpho-space associated with the combinatorial assembly and the actuation of soft elements. The aggregation of individually actuatable and soft units in a system creates a large potential regarding adaptability, flexibility and reconfigurability, through a non-rigid and non-mechanical system. The cells are developed through a process of prototyping on origami and auxetic pattern inspired soft robotic elements. Every soft cell is pneumatically actuated through a negative pressure environment. The computational simulation is informed by the prototyping process and its findings. The simulation-based design of such an assembled system allows prediction of the aggregated shape and outputs a sequencing table, describing the actuation status of every cell and can create a tool to communicate between material and computational system
keywords work in progress,pneumatic actuation, adaptable soft material
series ACADIA
type paper
last changed 2019/01/07 11:22

_id ecaade2009_103
id ecaade2009_103
authors Kirschner, Ursula; Pratschke, Anja
year 2009
title Experiment Digital Space: Composition with Elements Designed by Mies van der Rohe and the Importance of their Web Presentation: Didactical Design Methods Applied in Design Studios for Architectural and Cultural Sciences in Brazil, University of São Paulo and in Germany, Leuphana University of Lüneburg
source Computation: The New Realm of Architectural Design [27th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-0-9541183-8-9] Istanbul (Turkey) 16-19 September 2009, pp. 787-792
summary This empirical research project is a didactical teaching method intended to introduce students interested in space to theoretical architecture topics using specific computer capacities. In different variations, this teaching method was tested on students of Cultural Sciences and Architecture in Brazil and in Germany. With this method, even students without previous CAD or architecture experience can creatively design spaces. Visualization of the design process as Web design joins the individual aspects to a logical composite and applies the computer as “brain-craft” to complement handcraft. For the creative tasks, this means interaction in a complex information structure where the borders between the disciplines fade.
wos WOS:000334282200096
keywords Design, didactic, CAD, web design, interdisciplinary
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2014_150
id caadria2014_150
authors Knapp, Chris; Jonathan Neslon and Michael Parsons
year 2014
title Constructing Atmospheres
source Rethinking Comprehensive Design: Speculative Counterculture, Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2014) / Kyoto 14-16 May 2014, pp. 149–158
summary This paper documents and critically reflects upon the design, development, fabrication, and implementation of three pavilion projects developed during 2013-14. The core investigation of this work is the production of architectural spaces characterized by a quality of enveloping, diffuse, visual and spatial atmospheres. The principal activity of the research is aimed at refining methods for software-based exploration of formal complexities and the subsequent need to control variability and efficiency in fabrication output, using Grasshopper for Rhino to develop customized definitions particular to each specific project scenario. Linking the projects together are issues of scale, resolution of effect, and intent to move from disparate assemblies of structure and skin toward composite, manifold construction techniques that address multiple concerns (gravity, bracing, affect, etc) with a minimum of assembly. A material palette common to the current vernacular of CNC-based projects such as plywood, plastics, and other sheet materials is utilised. This work is invested in extending the possibilities of the architect and architecture as a discipline, extrapolating the workflow from these successive projects to the speculative impact of the work upon emerging possibilities of architectural construction and craft.
keywords 3d modelling; Digital fabrication; Rhinoceros; Grasshopper; Tessellation
series CAADRIA
last changed 2014/04/22 08:23

_id acadia16_270
id acadia16_270
authors Korner, Axel; Mader, Anja; Saffarian, Saman; Knippers, Jan
year 2016
title Bio-Inspired Kinetic Curved-Line Folding for Architectural Applications
source ACADIA // 2016: POSTHUMAN FRONTIERS: Data, Designers, and Cognitive Machines [Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-77095-5] Ann Arbor 27-29 October, 2016, pp.270-279
summary This paper discusses the development of a bio-inspired compliant mechanism for architectural applications and explains the methodology of investigating movements found in nature. This includes the investigation of biological compliant mechanisms, abstraction, and technical applications using computational tools such as finite element analysis (FEA). To demonstrate the possibilities for building envelopes of complex geometries, procedures are presented to translate and alter the disclosed principles to be applicable to complex architectural geometries. The development of the kinetic façade shading device flectofold, based on the biological role-model Aldrovanda vesiculosa, is used to demonstrate the process. The following paper shows results of FEA simulations of kinetic curved-line folding mechanisms with pneumatic actuation and provides information about the relationship between varying geometric properties (e.g. curved-line fold radii) and multiple performance metrics, such as required actuation force and structural stability.
keywords composite forming process, form-finding, biomimetics and biological design, embedded responsiveness
series ACADIA
type paper
last changed 2016/10/24 11:12

_id acadia19_664
id acadia19_664
authors Koshelyuk, Daniil; Talaei, Ardeshir; Garivani, Soroush; Markopoulou, Areti; Chronis, Angelo; Leon, David Andres; Krenmuller, Raimund
year 2019
title Alive
source ACADIA 19:UBIQUITY AND AUTONOMY [Proceedings of the 39th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-578-59179-7] (The University of Texas at Austin School of Architecture, Austin, Texas 21-26 October, 2019) pp. 664-673
summary In the context of data-driven culture, built space still maintains low responsiveness and adaptability. Part of this reality lies in the low resolution of live information we have about the behavior and condition of surfaces and materials. This research addresses this issue by exploring the development of a deformation-sensing composite membrane material system following a bottom-up approach and combining various technologies toward solving related technical issues—exploring conductivity properties of graphene and maximizing utilization within an architecture-related proof-of-concept scenario and a workflow including design, fabrication, and application methodology. Introduced simulation of intended deformation helps optimize the pattern of graphene nanoplatelets (GNP) to maximize membrane sensitivity to a specific deformation type while minimizing material usage. Research explores various substrate materials and graphene incorporation methods with initial geometric exploration. Finally, research introduces data collection and machine learning techniques to train recognition of certain types of deformation (single point touch) on resistance changes. The final prototype demonstrates stable and symmetric readings of resistance in a static state and, after training, exhibits an 88% prediction accuracy of membrane shape on a labeled sample data-set through a pre-trained neural network. The proposed framework consisting of a simulation based, graphene-capturing fabrication method on stretchable surfaces, and includes initial exploration in neural network training shape detection, which combined, demonstrate an advanced approach to embedding intelligence.
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2019/12/18 08:03

_id ecaade2014_225
id ecaade2014_225
authors Kostas Grigoriadis
year 2014
title Material Fusion - A research into the simulated blending of materials using particle systems
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 123-130
summary Parallel to the early development and recent widespread usage of composite materials in building and manufacturing, the concept of functionally graded materials (FGM) was initiated and developed as far back as the 1980s. In contrast to the composite paradigm, where layers of materials are glued and 'cooked' together under high pressure and temperature to form laminated parts, FGM are singular materials that vary their consistency gradually over their volume. In direct link to their increasing use in fields adjacent to architecture, the scope of the paper is to explore a possible design route for designing with FGM. Of a limited number of available CAD software where material properties can be graded, the intent of the design for a materially graded windbreak module is to utilize particle systems as a technique for simulating fields of interacting, information-loaded material point sets that can be fused together in a gradient manner.
wos WOS:000361385100012
keywords Functionally graded materials; particle system elements
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2015_218
id caadria2015_218
authors Ku, Kihong and Daniel Chung
year 2015
title Digital Fabrication Methods of Composite Architectural Panels for Complex Shaped Buildings
source Emerging Experience in Past, Present and Future of Digital Architecture, Proceedings of the 20th International Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2015) / Daegu 20-22 May 2015, pp. 703-712
summary Composite materials have been explored in architecture for their high performance characteristics that allow customization of functional properties of lightness, strength, stiffness and fracture toughness. Particularly, engineering advancements and better understanding of fiber composites have resulted in growing applications for architectural structures and envelopes. As most developments started outside the realm of architecture such as automobile and aeronautical industries, there is need to advance knowledge in architectural design to take advantage of this new technology. In this paper, the authors introduce preliminary results of new digitally driven fabrication methods for fiber-reinforced composite sandwich panels for complex shaped buildings. This research examined the material properties, manufacturing methods and fabrication techniques needed to develop a proof of concept system using off-the-shelf production technology that ultimately can be packaged into a containerized facility for on-site panel production. Experiments focused on developing a digitally controlled deformable mold to create composite relief structures for highly customized geometrical façade components. Research findings of production materials, methods, assembly techniques, are discussed to offer insights into novel opportunities for architectural composite panel fabrication and commercialization.
keywords Fiber reinforced polymer; fiber composites; adjustable mold; architectural panel; complex shape.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2015/06/05 05:14

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