CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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Hits 81 to 100 of 116

_id ecaade2012_93
id ecaade2012_93
authors Nicholas, Paul; Tamke, Martin
year 2012
title Composite Territories: Engaging a Bespoke Material Practice in Digitally Designed Materials
source Achten, Henri; Pavlicek, Jiri; Hulin, Jaroslav; Matejovska, Dana (eds.), Digital Physicality - Proceedings of the 30th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2 / ISBN 978-9-4912070-3-7, Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Architecture (Czech Republic) 12-14 September 2012, pp. 691-699
summary Today, material performance is regarded as one of the richest sources of innovation. Accordingly, architecture is shifting to practices by which the computational generation of form is directly driven by material characteristics. At the same time, there is a growing technological means for the varied composition of material, an extension of the digital chain that foregrounds a new need to engage materials at multiple scales within the design process. Recognising that the process of making materials affords perspectives not available with found materials, this paper reports the design and assembly of the fi bre reinforced composite structure Composite Territories, in which the property of bending is activated and varied so as to match solely through material means a desired form. This case study demonstrates how one might extend the geometric model so that it is able to engage and reconcile physical parameters that occur at different scales.
wos WOS:000330320600074
keywords Composites; Material properties; Multi-scale
series eCAADe
last changed 2014/04/14 11:07

_id ecaade2013_082
id ecaade2013_082
authors Okuda, Shinya and Bhagra, Saurabh
year 2013
title Cloud Arch
source Stouffs, Rudi and Sariyildiz, Sevil (eds.), Computation and Performance – Proceedings of the 31st eCAADe Conference – Volume 1, Faculty of Architecture, Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands, 18-20 September 2013, pp. 625-632
summary Expanded Polystyrene foam (EPS) is a chemically inert and 100% recyclable material that is lightweight and has a good compression strength per weight ratio; however, its current construction use is mostly limited to insulation or landfill. The key concept of this paper is to develop an EPS composite to create an ultra-lightweight long-span sustainable roofing structure by integrating the minimum necessary structural tension layer with a certified fire protection system. The authors present this concept in the following four steps, 1) EPS composite structural specimen test, 2) structural optimisation of the reversed displacement model, 3) discretisation with developable surfaces and 4) CNC hotwire rapid prototyping and assembly in scaled prototypes. The Cloud Arch is an economical, material-efficient, thermally insulated, quickly assembled ultra-lightweight construction that eliminates the need for formworks for long-span structures. It can be applied to many types of column-free spaces, such as in factories, gymnasiums, markets and cafeterias.
wos WOS:000340635300065
keywords Lightweight; prototyping; composite; digital fabrication; performance.
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id ecaade2016_023
id ecaade2016_023
authors Olascoaga, Carlos Sandoval, Xu, Wenfei and Flores, Hector
year 2016
title Crowd-Sourced Neighborhoods - User-Contextualized Neighborhood Ranking
source Herneoja, Aulikki; Toni Österlund and Piia Markkanen (eds.), Complexity & Simplicity - Proceedings of the 34th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland, 22-26 August 2016, pp. 19-30
summary Finding an attractive or best-fit neighborhood for a new resident of any city is not only important from the perspective of the resident him or herself, but has larger implications for developers and city planners. The environment or mood of the right neighborhood is not simply created through traditional characteristics such as income, crime, or zoning regulations - more ephemeral traits related to user-perception also have significant weight. Using datasets and tools previously unassociated with real-estate decision-making and neighborhood planning, such as social media and machine learning, we create a non-deterministic and customized way of discovering and understanding neighborhoods. Our project creates a customizable ranking system for the 195 neighborhoods in New York City that helps users find the one that best matches their preferences. Our team has developed a composite weighted score with urban spatial data and social media data to rank all NYC neighborhoods based on a series of questions asked to the user. The project's contribution is to provide a scientific and calibrated understanding of the impact that socially oriented activities and preferences have towards the uses of space.
wos WOS:000402064400001
keywords Textual Semantic analysis; machine learning; participatory planning; community detection; neighborhood definition
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/06/28 08:46

_id caadria2011_047
id caadria2011_047
authors Ostwald, Michael J.; Josephine Vaughan and Stephan K. Chalup
year 2011
title Data flow and processing in the computational fractal analysis method
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 493-502
summary One of the few quantitative methods available for the consistent analysis of architectural form is the ‘box-counting’ approach to determining the approximate fractal dimension of a plan or elevation. In its computational form this method has been used to analyze the plans and facades of a wide range of buildings. The data points produced are synthesized by the software into a series of fractal dimension (D) values that are in turn compiled in various ways to produce a series of composite results describing a complete building. Once this process is complete the data may be coded with additional information producing a set of mathematical results that describe the form of a building. This paper offers the first complete description of this important analytical process from the point of view of information flow, algorithmic operations, review options and data magnitude. No previous paper has detailed the full scope of the data used in the computational method, or the way in which various stages produce different types of outcomes. The purpose of this paper is to elucidate the way in which this particular computational method, drawing its inspiration from the complexity in natural systems, may be used to process different types of information and produce various forms of quantitative data to support architectural design and analysis.
keywords Fractal analysis; computational analysis
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id 9ce0
authors Ozcan, Oguzhan
year 1999
title Education of Interactive Panorama-design in Architecture
source Architectural Computing from Turing to 2000 [eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9523687-5-7] Liverpool (UK) 15-17 September 1999, pp. 223-229
summary This paper mainly discusses the importance of interactive panorama in design, and its education in the MDes program, which will run at Yildiz Technical University in the year 2000. The first part of the paper summarizes the potentials of current interactive panorama technique, which was "A popular form of the public entertainment" in 19th-century. Then, it compares the real-world experiences with observations in an interactive panorama. This comparison is carried out together with technical aspects i.e. limitations, audio-visual effects, composite techniques, live video input, and conceptual aspects i.e. camera actions, natural phenomenon. The technical discussion in the paper is concentrated on the examples from newly developed tools such as Nodemedia, Electrifier, Wasabi Software, and Skypaint as well as Apple QuickTime VR Authoring Tool. The second part underlines the role of interactive panorama technique in design. In this part, the paper also summarizes how to use the technique at the beginning and, during creation of the design and in its presentation, taking the installation advantages of sound, vision, text and transition effects. The third part concentrates on the interactive panorama design as an individual project, offered in the MDes program. Then it explains how the preliminary courses were planned for this individual project and summarizes the content of the course formulated through the linear and non-linear structures of the media. Finally, considering with the future development of interactive panorama technique, the last part of the paper discusses the possible results of this education method.
keywords Interactive Media, Panoramic Image, Design Education
series eCAADe
last changed 1999/10/10 12:53

_id acadia16_78
id acadia16_78
authors Parker, Matthew; Taron, Joshua M.
year 2016
title Form-Making in SIFT Imaged Environments
source ACADIA // 2016: POSTHUMAN FRONTIERS: Data, Designers, and Cognitive Machines [Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-77095-5] Ann Arbor 27-29 October, 2016, pp. 78-87
summary Within the contemporary condition, turbulence that confronts architecture is no longer unpredictable weather patterns or wild beasts, but the unintended forces of a constantly connected digital infrastructure that demands constant attention. If, as Mark Wigley puts it, “architecture is always constructed in and against a storm” it is time for architecture to reevaluate its ability to separate us from a new storm-one that situates technology, global connectivity, human, non-human and composite users, and algorithmic architecture itself as new weather systems. Toward this end, this paper explores architecture’s ability to mediate and produce algorithmic turbulence generated through image-based sensing of the built environment. Through a close reading of Le Corbusier’s Urbanisme, we argue that for much of the 20th and the early part of the 21st century, cities have been designed to produce diagrams of smooth and homogenous flows. However, distributed personal technologies produce virtual layers that unevenly map onto the city, resulting in turbulent forces that computational platforms aim to conceal behind a visual narrative of accuracy, cohesion, anticipation, and order. By focusing on SIFT algorithms and their ability to extract n-dimensional vectors from two-dimensional images, this research explores computational workflows that mobilize turbulence towards the production of indeterminate form. These forms demarcate a new kind of challenge for both architecture and the city, whereby a cultural appetite to deploy algorithms that produce a smooth and seamless image of the world comes hand in hand with the turbulent and disruptive autonomy of those very same algorithms. By revisiting Urbanisme, a new set of architectural objectives are established that contextualize SIFTS within an urban agenda.
keywords complex morphology, sift algorithms, architectural representation, sensate systems
series ACADIA
type paper
last changed 2016/10/24 11:12

_id ecaade2017_089
id ecaade2017_089
authors Petrš, Jan, Havelka, Jan, Florián, Miloš and Novák, Jan
year 2017
title MoleMOD - On Design specification and applications of a self-reconfigurable constructional robotic system
source Fioravanti, A, Cursi, S, Elahmar, S, Gargaro, S, Loffreda, G, Novembri, G, Trento, A (eds.), ShoCK! - Sharing Computational Knowledge! - Proceedings of the 35th eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy, 20-22 September 2017, pp. 159-166
summary The paper explores the use of in-house developed self-reconfigurable modular robotic system in civil construction activities and investigates a concept where an arbitrary Civil Engineering structure or a daily use industrial product are self-assembled from a number of self-reconfigurable composite blocks. The system extends current range of modular robot systems (mDrs) where autonomous modules self-assemble into a wide variety of forms. However, contrary to conventional mDrs, MoleMOD has not mechatronic actuating parts permanently fixed to each individual module. The MoleMOD actuators are separable and operate inside the modules, tight them together or relocate them to required configuration. It significantly reduces number of expensive mechatronics parts and the environment the actuators operate. Although MoleMOD focuses on architecture, it can take over other mDrs tasks as research and rescue. This paper describes properties, advantages, foreseen applications, and basic design specifications of the second generation prototype.
keywords Modular robotic systems; Mobile robotic systems; Adaptive architecture; MoleMOD; Smart materials and structures; Multi-robot systems
series eCAADe
last changed 2017/09/13 13:31

_id acadia14projects_247
id acadia14projects_247
authors Piaseczynska, Marta; Karaivanov, Rangel; Strohmayer, Jurgen
year 2014
title Vertiguous Interiors
source ACADIA 14: Design Agency [Projects of the 34th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 9789126724478]Los Angeles 23-25 October, 2014), pp. 247-250
summary The combination of composite fabrication methods and industrial-scale robotics allows us to investigate moving volumes as highly spatial, architectural installations. The complexity of this installation lies in the choreographed motion of two proto-architectural figures: two carbon-fibre shells are designed with interlocking apertures, structural ribs that accentuate the perceived motion from the inside, and degrees of translucency that create secondary apertures.
keywords movement, robotics, composites, volume, live-feed, figure, Interactive Architecture,
series ACADIA
type Student's Research Projects
last changed 2014/09/29 05:57

_id caadria2011_049
id caadria2011_049
authors Richards, Daniel
year 2011
title Towards morphogenetic assemblies: Evolving performance within component-based structures
source Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / The University of Newcastle, Australia 27-29 April 2011, pp. 515-524
summary Performative design can be understood as the combined usage of spatial analysis simulations and form generation procedures to imbue architectural form with material characteristics and behaviours which define desirable structural, environmental and economic performance. However, to date, design processes that facilitate the integration of ‘form generation’ and ‘spatial analysis’ remain under-developed, making existing performative design methodologies highly reliant upon the manual execution of analysis and evaluation procedures. This paper presents an evolutionary design process that uses integrative computational pipelines and generatively defined component-based assemblies to produce performative structures in response to solar performance. The resulting structures demonstrate how performative composite behaviour can emerge within ‘disassociated’ componential assemblies and produce complex formal interrelationships which surpass simplistic parametric logics. This offers new possibilities for conceiving highly integrated ‘morphogenetic assemblies’ and suggests trajectories for further research within the field of morphogenetic design.
keywords Morphogenetic; evolution; performative, assemblies
series CAADRIA
last changed 2012/05/30 19:29

_id ecaade2018_402
id ecaade2018_402
authors Ron, Gili, Shallaby, Sara and Antonako, Theofano
year 2018
title On-Site Fabrication and Assembly for Arid Region Settlements
source Kepczynska-Walczak, A, Bialkowski, S (eds.), Computing for a better tomorrow - Proceedings of the 36th eCAADe Conference - Volume 1, Lodz University of Technology, Lodz, Poland, 19-21 September 2018, pp. 801-810
summary With fast growing population rates and the further desertification of the global climate, desert regions, covering one fifth of the world's surface, provide an opportunity for future habitats. However, their extreme climatic conditions and remoteness pose a planning challenge, currently addressed with prefabrication and layered design; wasteful and costly solutions. This article proposes a bespoke design, fabrication and assembly process: performed in-situ with using local resources and novel automation. The research addresses challenges in on-site robotic forming and assembly of mono-material discrete elements, made in waterless concrete of sand-Sulphur composite. The formed components are examined in formwork-free assembly of wall and arch, with Pick & Place tool-path. The component's design incorporates topological and osteomorphic interlocking, facilitating structural integrity, as well as self-shading and passive cooling, to fit with local climate. This work culminates in a design proposal for constructing desert habitats, climatically adapted for Zagora oasis in the Moroccan Sahara: a remote site of hyper-arid climate.
keywords Material System; Vernacular Architecture; Digital Morphogenesis; Topological Interlocking; Robotic Fabrication; Robotic Assembly
series eCAADe
last changed 2018/07/24 10:23

_id acadia13_347
id acadia13_347
authors Sabin, Jenny E.
year 2013
title myThread Pavilion: Generative Fabrication in Knitting Processes
source ACADIA 13: Adaptive Architecture [Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-1-926724-22-5] Cambridge 24-26 October, 2013), pp. 347-354
summary Advancements in weaving, knitting and braiding technologies have brought to surface high-tech and high- performance composite fabrics. These products have historically infiltrated the aerospace, automobile, sports and marine industries, but architecture has not yet fully benefitted from these lightweight freeform surface structures. myThread, a commission from the Nike FlyKnit Collective, features knitted textile structures at the scale of a pavilion. The evolution of digital tools in architecture has prompted new techniques of fabrication alongside new understandings in the organization of material through its properties and potential for assemblage. No longer privileging column, beam and arch, our definition of architectural tectonics has broadened alongside advancements made in computational design. Internal geometries inherent to natural forms, whose complexity could not be computed with the human mind alone, may now be explored synthetically through mathematics and generative systems. Textiles offer architecture a robust design process whereby computational techniques, pattern manipulation, material production and fabrication are explored as an interconnected loop that may feed back upon itself in no particular linear fashion. The myThread Pavilion integrates emerging technologies in design through the materialization of dynamic data sets generated by the human body engaged in sport and movement activities in the city.
keywords next generation technology, textiles, responsive material, knitting, data visualization, generative design, bio-data
series ACADIA
type Normal Paper
last changed 2014/01/11 08:13

_id ecaade2011_058
id ecaade2011_058
authors Schindler, Christoph; Espinosa, Margarita Salmerón
year 2011
title ZipShape Mouldless Bending II: A Shift from Geometry to Experience
source RESPECTING FRAGILE PLACES [29th eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-9-4912070-1-3], University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Architecture (Slovenia) 21-24 September 2011, pp.477-484
summary “ZipShape is a universal method to fabricate single curved panels from any plain material without moulds” was the first statement of a paper presented at the Antwerp eCAADe conference in September 2008 (Schindler, 2008). In contrast, the paper at hand introduces ZipShape as a highly specific composite combining different materials and their characteristics. Between those two texts, a paradigm shift took place – from abstract geometrical concept to experiencing the inseparable relation of form and material behaviour. This second step of ZipShape-research was initiated by Swiss design office schindlersalmerón through several workshops with Fachschule für Holztechnik Hamburg, CITA at Royal Academy of the Fine Arts Copenhagen, Bern University of Applied Sciences BFH–AHB Biel and The Detmold School of Architecture and Interior Design.
wos WOS:000335665500055
keywords Mouldless Bending; Wood; Parametric Modelling; Digital Fabrication; Unrolling
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id acadia16_254
id acadia16_254
authors Sharmin, Shahida; Ahlquist, Sean
year 2016
title Knit Architecture: Exploration of Hybrid Textile Composites Through the Activation of Integrated Material Behavior
source ACADIA // 2016: POSTHUMAN FRONTIERS: Data, Designers, and Cognitive Machines [Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-77095-5] Ann Arbor 27-29 October, 2016, pp. 254-259
summary The hybrid system in textile composites refers to the structural logic defined by Heino Engel, which describes a system that integrates multiple structural behaviors to achieve an equilibrium state (Engel 2007). This research explores a material system that can demonstrate a hybrid material behavior defined by the differentiated tensile and bending-active forces in a single, seamless knitted composite material. These behaviors were installed during the materialization phase and activated during the composite formation process. Here, the material formation involves two interdependent processes: 1) development of the knitted textile with integrated tensile and reinforced materials and 2) development of the composite by applying pre-stress and vacuuming the localized area with reinforcements in a consistent resin-based matrix. The flat bed industrial weft knitting machine has been utilized to develop the knitted textile component of the system with a controlled knit structure. This enables us to control the material types, densities, and cross sections with integrated multiple layers/ribs and thus, the performance of the textile at the scale of fiber structure. Both of these aspects were researched in parallel, using physical and computational methods informed and shaped by the potentials and constraints of each other. A series of studies has been utilized to develop small-scale prototypes that depict the potential of the hybrid textile composite as the generator of complex form and bending active structures. Ultimately, it indicates the possibilities of hybrid textile composite materials as self-structuring lightweight components that can perform as highly articulated and differentiated seamless architectural elements that are capable of transforming the perception of light, space, and touch.
keywords form-finding, programmable materials, composite forming processes, embedded responsiveness
series ACADIA
type paper
last changed 2016/10/24 11:12

_id acadia08_376
id acadia08_376
authors Silver, Mike
year 2008
title The Most Important Airplane In The History Of Architecture
source Silicon + Skin: Biological Processes and Computation, [Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) / ISBN 978-0-9789463-4-0] Minneapolis 16-19 October 2008, 376-381
summary Composite structures consist of high strength carbon threads held together in a matrix of epoxy resin or thermoplastics. Surfaces made from these materials are typically 10 times lighter and 1.5 times stronger than aluminum. Both simple and highly contoured shapes possessing extreme strength can be produced using a computer controlled fiber placement machine (FPM). These incredibly thin, corrosion resistant membranes require little or no supplemental support to manage loads and enclose space. The computer’s ability to determine the precise location of each fiber strand in a fiber placed part also facilitates unprecedented control of its aesthetic and functional properties. Fiber placement technology integrates building components that would normally be separated into clearly distinct systems. Here ornament, structure and cladding are collapsed into one material process. This paper explores the architectural potential of a technology normally reserved for aerospace applications through research conducted in close collaboration with fiber placement engineers at Automated Dynamics in Schenectady, New York (ADC).
keywords Composite; Digital Fabrication; Fiber; Skin; Structure
series ACADIA
last changed 2009/02/26 07:39

_id acadia15_57
id acadia15_57
authors Sina, Ata; Pitt, Shannon; Meyboom, Annalisa; Olson, James; Martinez, Mark
year 2015
title Thermocatalytic Metafolds
source ACADIA 2105: Computational Ecologies: Design in the Anthropocene [Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design in Architecture (ACADIA) ISBN 978-0-692-53726-8] Cincinnati 19-25 October, 2015), pp. 57-67
summary Thermocatalytic Metafolds comprises a paper-based fabrication process that initiates ascetic self-assembly via heat application. Metafolds utilizes a composite material of paper with a selectively applied shape-changing polymer crafted via a multi-step computational, two-dimensional drafting fabrication method. Upon heat application, the paper self-folds into predetermined, three-dimensional, highly accurate, rigid shapes. The final product maintains a notable resilience to alteration, and the stringency of form serves as a testament to the process’ potential to transform the ways in which design is undertaken. This exploration of material properties has cumulated in a process that demonstrates a design based on a detailed understanding of how the composite material behaves under specific conditions.
keywords Self-assembly, folding, composite, fabrication
series ACADIA
type normal paper
last changed 2016/08/05 11:37

_id 2105
authors Sirikasem, Peerapong and Degelman, Larry 0.
year 1990
title The Use of Video-Computer Presentation Techniques to Aid in Communication Between Architect and Client
source From Research to Practice [ACADIA Conference Proceedings] Big Sky (Montana - USA) 4-6 October 1990, pp. 205-216
summary In an attempt to enhance the communication between architect and client, research was conducted in the use of computer modeling and video imaging techniques for the final architectural presentation process. By superimposing the painted building design from the CAD system onto a digitized image of the intended location, a composite image was achieved. These techniques have advantages in creating a realistic composite image of a proposed building design in its intended location within a short period of time. In order to provide more visual clues, a multiple view presentation format using a series of selected views (multiple views) was used. In addition, the research had further attempted to present the video- computer presentation in an animation sequence. The animation presentations were evaluated by comparing them with the multiple view presentations. Manual rendering and single viewpoint displays were also included in the comparisons in order to validate the results. Questionnaires were used to measure the capability of each presentation format to communicate the intended information to the audiences. The experiments were conducted with non-architecture subject groups in the local Bryan/College Station area.
series ACADIA
last changed 2003/05/16 17:23

_id c767
authors Sirikasem, Peerapong
year 1990
title Video-Computer Imaging Techniques: the Effect of Presentation by Animation and Multiple Views on Comnnunicative Effectiveness of an Architectural Design
source Texas A&M University
summary In an attempt to enhance the communication between architect and client, research was conducted in the use of computer modeling and video imaging techniques for the final architectural presentation process. By superimposing the painted building design from the computer-aided design (CAD) system onto a digitized image of the intended location, a composite image was achieved. These techniques have advantages in creating realistic composite images of proposed building designs in their intended location within a short period of time. In order to provide more visual clues, a multiple view presentation was examined. In addition, the research attempted to present the video-computer in an animation sequence. This was done by creating a series of sequential composite images, and recording them frame by frame onto the video tape. Then, the animation presentation was played back in real time. The animation presentations were evaluated by comparing them with the multiple view presentations. Manual rendering and single viewpoint displays were also included in the comparisons in order to aid in interpretation of the results. Questionnaires were used to measure the capability of each presentation format in communicating the building design information to non-architecturally trained persons. The results indicate that video-computer presentations were equal to or better than manual rendering. The video-computer presentations, with their short production time, were more practical to use in the architectural process than the conventional presentations. The results of the comparisons revealed that video-computer presentations in animation format were superior to those of multiple view format in the depth cue category. On the other hand, video-computer presentations by multiple view format was found to be superior to animation format in communicating both size and scale. These results occurred under the different complexity levels of the buildings used.  
series thesis:PhD
last changed 2003/02/12 21:37

_id cf2009_687
id cf2009_687
authors Sommer, Bernhard; Palz, Norbert
year 2009
title Prototyping dynamic architecture: Material properties as design parameters
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, PUM, 2009, pp. 687- 699
summary This paper documents an ongoing research that combines recent developments in the field of Rapid Prototyping Technology for a materialisation of composite pneumatic models. The ability to create three dimensional prints with varying surface materials has the potential to assign the RP model a different role in the design process. The implementation of material performance, configured through CAD driven geometry, allows for an emergence of dynamical models that are freed from conventional representational function.
keywords Rapid prototyping, inflatables, performance driven design
series CAAD Futures
last changed 2009/06/08 18:53

_id ecaade2014_079
id ecaade2014_079
authors Taichi Kuma, Moritz Dörstelmann, Marshall Prado and Achim Menges
year 2014
title Integrative Computational Design Methodology for Composite Spacer Fabric Architecture
source Thompson, Emine Mine (ed.), Fusion - Proceedings of the 32nd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Faculty of Engineering and Environment, Newcastle upon Tyne, England, UK, 10-12 September 2014, pp. 61-69
summary Spacer fabrics are 3D warp-knitted fabrics, which have a volumetric structure. Together with the capacity to differentially stretch and contract, these materials allow three dimensional which is specific to spacer fabrics. The authors present a computational design methodology which enables the generation of form based on these material characteristics and local, regional and global material manipulations. Such a process can not only generate functional surface articulations, but also control the forming of spatial textile geometries. As a resin infused composite structure the spacer fabric can serve as architectural construction and building envelope. This new methodology to develop fibrous and textile morphology is contrary to a traditional hierarchical design process, which is based on a linear strategy from design to implementation. The investigation methods are based on analogue material experimentation and integration of the materials behaviour into a computational design process. Such a feedback process can unfold potential material morphologies and performances of spacer fabric as an architectural material.
wos WOS:000361385100005
keywords Integrative computational design; fibre composite structure; spacer fabric; material computation; form finding
series eCAADe
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id caadria2017_041
id caadria2017_041
authors Tan, Rachel, Sia, Chin Kiat, Tee, Yong Kiat, Koh, Kendall and Dritsas, Stylianos
year 2017
title Developing Composite Wood for 3D-Printing
source P. Janssen, P. Loh, A. Raonic, M. A. Schnabel (eds.), Protocols, Flows, and Glitches - Proceedings of the 22nd CAADRIA Conference, Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University, Suzhou, China, 5-8 April 2017, pp. 831-840
summary We present the initial findings of our research project aiming at development of a 3D-printing process for wood composites. The 3D-printing method employed is based on material extrusion principle and utilizes industrial robotics for position and motion control. The unique characteristic of our approach is in the development of the material where we employ exclusively organic components for both the matrix and reinforcement; a decision informed by prioritizing environmental considerations.
keywords Digital Fabrication; Additive Manufacturing; 3D Printing; Wood Composites; Robotics
series CAADRIA
last changed 2017/05/09 08:05

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