CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id f9bd
authors Amor, R.W.
year 1991
title ICAtect: Integrating Design Tools for Preliminary Architectural Design
source Wellington, New Zealand: Computer Science Department, Victoria University
summary ICAtect is a knowledge based system that provides an interface between expert systems, simulation packages and CAD systems used for preliminary architectural design. This thesis describes its structure and development.The principal work discussed in this thesis involves the formulation of a method for representing a building. This is developed through an examination of a number of design tools used in architectural design, and the ways in which each of these describe a building.Methods of enabling data to be transferred between design tools are explored. A Common Building Model (CBM), forming the core of the ICAtect system, is developed to represent the design tools knowledge of a building. This model covers the range of knowledge required by a large set of disparate design tools used by architects at the initial design stage.Standard methods of integrating information from the tools were examined, but required augmentation to encompass the unusual constraints found in some of the design tools. The integration of the design tools and the CBM is discussed in detail, with example methods developed for each type of design tool. These example methods provide a successful way of moving information between the different representations. Some problems with mapping data between very different representations were encountered in this process, and the solutions or ideas for remedies are detailed. A model for control and use of ICAtect is developed in the thesis, and the extensions to enable a graphical user interface are discussed.The methods developed in this thesis demonstrate the feasibility of an integrated system of this nature, while the discussion of future work indicates the scope and potential power of ICAtect.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id 10b7
authors Aukstakalnis, Steve and Blatner, David
year 1992
title Silicon Mirage: The Art and Science of Virtual Reality
source Peachpit Press
summary An introduction to virtual reality covers every aspect of the revolutionary new technology and its many possible applications, from computer games to air traffic control. Original. National ad/promo.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id 843d
authors Avron, Barr and Feigenbaum, Edward A. (editors)
year 1982
title The Handbook of Artificial Intelligence
source xiii, 428 p. Stanford, California: Heuristech Press, 1982. vol. 2 of 3: Includes bibliography p.383-402 and indexes
summary Part 2 of a three vol. work. This vol covers: AI programming languages, the kinds of programming languages suitable for AI, features and environments developed that were developed for its purpose. Expert systems in science, medicine and education. The last chapters reviews automatic programming
keywords AI, programming, languages, expert systems, automation
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 11:58

_id 56
authors Barron, Alicia and Chiarelli, Julia
year 1998
title Proyecto Para la Red de un Estudio de Arquitectura (Project for the Network of a Studio of Architecture)
source II Seminario Iberoamericano de Grafico Digital [SIGRADI Conference Proceedings / ISBN 978-97190-0-X] Mar del Plata (Argentina) 9-11 september 1998, pp. 418-425
summary A consequence of the globalization on information processes in the way in which new technologies influence on design and production processes. There is no doubt that there is an increasingly and a big change in the areas of architecture design concerning to the operational and working methodology on graphic and alphanumeric information. Now a day it is not a far away Utopia, but a soon to come reality that architects interact in a virtual manner with their individual or institutional clients in their own country, as well as in foreign countries. Keeping these considerations in mind, we elaborated this Paper in order to present one of the existing criteria for the organization of graphic information jointly with its spatial relationship. The work presented herewith shows the development of an informatic net for an ideal mega-studio which in its professional and entrepreneurial profile covers tasks such as design, construction, graphic design and representation of foreign concerns. In the net design and in the selection of equipment for computing design area are covered all the variables at every instance.
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:47

_id 6d22
authors Bermudez, J., Agutter, J., Syroid, N., Lilly, B., Sharir, Y., Lopez, T., Westenskow, D. and Foresti, S.
year 2002
title Interfacing Virtual & Physical Spaces through the Body: The cyberPRINT Project
source Thresholds - Design, Research, Education and Practice, in the Space Between the Physical and the Virtual [Proceedings of the 2002 Annual Conference of the Association for Computer Aided Design In Architecture / ISBN 1-880250-11-X] Pomona (California) 24-27 October 2002, pp. 395-400
summary The cyberPRINT is a fully immersive, interactive virtual environment that is being generated in rea-timebased on physiological data readings of a human body. In other words, the cyberPRINT is based oncreating interfaces between physical and digital spaces and between biology and informationtechnologies. The cyberPRINT is also an event, wherein a performer is connected to the cyberPRINTgenerator to create a self-sustaining feedback mechanism. Although using the body to electronicallydrive music and media events is not new, most of these works have paid little or no attention to thepotential of interactive 3D virtual environments. Nor have they been so technologically advanced,interdisciplinary intensive (involving architecture, choreography, modern dance, music, bioengineering,medicine and computer science), or architecturally focused as the cyberPRINT.This project covers a wide and fertile territory that goes from the very technical and design oriented tothe very theoretical and interdisciplinary. This paper is intended to (1) expand what has been alreadypublished about this project (Bermudez et al 2000a) and (2) establish potential areas for discussionbefore and after the performance
series ACADIA
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id ijac20064301
id ijac20064301
authors Bermudez, Julio; Agutter, Jim; Foresti, Stefano
year 2006
title Architectural Research in Information Visualization: 10 Years After
source International Journal of Architectural Computing vol. 4 - no. 3, 1-18
summary As our civilization dives deeper into the information age, making sense of ever more complex and larger amounts of data becomes critical. This article reports on interdisciplinary work in Information Visualization addressing this challenge and using architectural expertise as its main engine. The goal of this research is to significantly improve real time decision making in complex data spaces while devising a new architecture that responds to complex information environments. Although we have been reporting in aspects of this work for the past 7 years, this paper covers unpublished knowledge, design methods, operational strategies, and other details that bring together all the material published by our group thus far into a comprehensive and useful whole. We conclude by presenting our latest InfoVis design work in Network Security.
series journal
last changed 2007/03/04 06:08

_id 0ee6
authors Boyle, R. and Thomas, R.
year 1988
title Computer Vision: A First Course
source Blackwell Scientific Publications
summary Computer vision is a new discipline recently developed from image processing, which is able to take raw images, and, after suitable processing, derive information from them automatically. Computer vision applications are legion in the areas of automated manufacture and robotics, where it may be addressed to such problems as resolving motion in images, and 3-D analysis. This book is a much-needed introduction to the subject for senior undergraduates and graduates. It covers the necessary mathematical techniques at a level suitable for the mathematical literate who has not encountered any image processing before, and proceeds to an examination of some pure vision applications. There is a discussion of human perception and how it relates to machine perception, and there are examples throughout the text, with exercises at the end of each chapter. Table of Contents Perception A pattern recognition system Image acquisition and modelling Low level processing Segmentation A PCB example Line labelling Towards three dimensions Knowledge representation Rule based systemsl Epilogue Appendices.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id 09f3
authors Burt, Michael, Kent, Eli and Ne'eman, Eliyahu (et al)
year 1982
title Single- and Multilayer Large-Span Membrane Structures for Daylight, Energy Control, and Savings
source 1982? PP. 177-183 : ill. includes bibliography
summary This paper examines membrane-covered structures. Such structures offer many advantages and their cost of construction is lower than that of equivalent alternatives. However, these thin, single-layer membrane covers cannot provide the control of daylight and heat required to make them environmentally satisfactory and energy-efficient. To improve the performance of membrane covers, a new solution has been studied. Double-layer membranes can be built without severe technical difficulties and provide a much higher degree of static and dynamic control. Further work is being carried out to study the option of incorporating into the two layer membrane structures solar collectors between the layers, thus converting the large area of the membrane cover into an active solar system
keywords lighting, energy, analysis, topology, structures, building
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 08:24

_id 2005_269
id 2005_269
authors Caldas, Luisa and Duarte, José
year 2005
title Fabricating Ceramic Covers
source Digital Design: The Quest for New Paradigms [23nd eCAADe Conference Proceedings / ISBN 0-9541183-3-2] Lisbon (Portugal) 21-24 September 2005, pp. 269-276
summary This paper describes a studio experiment developed with the aim of exploring the design and fabrication of innovative roof systems based on ceramic tiles using digital technologies. History is rich in examples of the use of ceramic roof tiles since the ancient world. Today’s systems derive from such ancient systems and fall into several basic categories depending on the form of the tiles and how they interlock. These systems present acceptable functional performances due to centuries of refinement, but as they have suffered little formal evolution in recent centuries, to respond to modern needs they require complex layering and assemblies. Recent technological evolution has emphasized the optimization of the tile production process in terms of time saving and cost reduction, and the improvement of product quality in terms of material homogeneity and durability. Little attention has been paid to the tile form and the roof system as a whole, including the assembly process. As a result, despite the variety and performance of existing designs, they are often perceived as outdated by architects who refuse to use them following a stylistic trend in architectural design towards primary forms and flat roofs. The challenge of the experiment was to take advantage of digital design and fabrication technology to conceive systems with improved performance and contemporary designs. The hope was that this could lead architects to consider integrating roof tiles systems in their architectural proposals. Results yielded five different roof systems. These systems are innovative from a formal viewpoint both at the tile and roof level. In addition, they are easy to assemble and possess better thermal and water-proofing performance. Digital technologies were determinant to enable students to design the complex shape of the tiles, to manipulate them into assemblies, and to assess the shape of the roofs, as well as their thermal and structural performance in some cases.
keywords Design Education; Rapid Prototyping; Collaboration; Ceramics; Innovation; Tiles
series eCAADe
last changed 2012/11/23 18:17

_id sigradi2009_974
id sigradi2009_974
authors Cardoso, Eduardo; Branca Freitas de Oliveira
year 2009
title Uso da Tecnologia Computacional como Ferramenta para a Tomada de Decisão no Projeto de EstruturasMetálicas [Use of Computer Technology as a Decision-Making Tool in Metal Structure Projects]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary A world of intense and quick changes has led the society to the Information and Knowledge Age. The use of information technologies leads to deep changes and new processes. Systems and organizations must be prepared for the growing amount and speed of information. The main objective of this work is the application of the computer simulation tools CAD/CAE to help decision-making in architecture and engineering projects, specifically metal structure projects. This work presents the application of the finite element method-based software Abaqus/CAE to analyze and propose possible project solutions to the case study of a metal structure which covers a food court in a shopping mall.
keywords Design; CAD; CAE; Metal Structure; Computacional Simulation
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id sigradi2010_264
id sigradi2010_264
authors Cardoso, Eduardo; de Vargas Scherer Fabiano
year 2010
title O uso de modelos virtuais e físicos no ensino de projeto integrado de sistemas de sinalização e mobiliário urbano [The use of virtual and physical models in design teaching: sygnal systems and urban furniture]
source SIGraDi 2010_Proceedings of the 14th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, pp. Bogotá, Colombia, November 17-19, 2010, pp. 264-267
summary This article presents the Integrated Project I class at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul which covers design of signage systems and urban furniture of the undergraduate courses of product design and visual design. This work presents the objectives of the discipline, as well as the methodology, applications and importance of physical and virtual models in the development process of signage and urban furniture, beginning with the stages of creation to development, detailing and implementation.
keywords CAD; CAM; prototyping; signage; urban furniture
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:48

_id 7fe0
authors Castleman, Kenneth R.
year 1993
title Digital image processing
source California Institute of Technologie
summary Digital image processing has experienced explosive growth over the past two decades. Public awareness has increased by way of video games, digital video special effects used in the entertainement industry, as well as articles in the mainstream press. However, the most significant impact of digital image processing in the 90s will be in the area of applications of real world problems. To help readers keep pace, author Kenneth R. Castleman concentrates on those techniques that have proven most useful in practice. Part I presents several important concepts that can be developed without detailed mathematical analysis for a basic understanding. Part II addresses techniques that rely more on mathematics and eaborates analytically on certain concepts introduced in Part I. Part III covers specific application aread that are particularly in industry, science, and medicine. Contents: Preface; Images and Digital Processing; Digitizing Images; Digital Image Display; Image Processing Software; The Gray Level Histogram; Point Operations; Algebraic Operations; Geometric Operations; Filter Design; Wavelet Transformations; Image Restorations; Image Compression; Three Dimensional Image Processing; Appendices; Index.
series other
last changed 2003/04/23 13:14

_id aa97
authors Cohn, David
year 2002
title AutoCAD 2002: The Complete Reference
source Osborne McGraw-Hill
summary This comprehensive resource covers all key topics including drawing and editing in 3D, managing content with DesignCenter, working with external databases, customizing without programming, and more.
series other
last changed 2003/02/26 17:58

_id e7a9
authors Cong, Wu and Hongran, Zhang
year 2001
title CAD system for chinese traditional architecture
source CAADRIA 2001 [Proceedings of the Sixth Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 1-86487-096-6] Sydney 19-21 April 2001, pp. 331-335
summary This paper discusses an undergoing project for an AutoCAD based CAD system for Chinese traditional architecture (CTA) called ARCHISTORY. It covers three main aspects of CTA research: field survey, structural and constructional research, and preservation and restoration design.
series CAADRIA
last changed 2001/05/27 16:27

_id caadria2016_415
id caadria2016_415
authors Crolla, Kristof and Adam Fingrut
year 2016
title Protocol of Error: The design and construction of a bending-active gridshell from natural bamboo
source Living Systems and Micro-Utopias: Towards Continuous Designing, Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2016) / Melbourne 30 March–2 April 2016, pp. 415-424
summary This paper advocates alternative methods to overcome the impossibility of realising ‘perfect’ digital designs. It discusses Hong Kong’s 2015 ‘ZCB Bamboo Pavilion’ as a methodological case study for the design and construction of architecture from unprocessed natu- ral bamboo. The paper critically evaluates protocols set up to deal with errors resulting from precise digital design systems merging with inconsistent natural resources and onsite craftsmanship. The paper starts with the geometric and tectonic description of the project, illus- trating a complex and restrictive construction context. Bamboo’s unique growth pattern, structural build-up and suitability as a bending- active material are discussed and Cantonese bamboo scaffolding craftsmanship is addressed as a starting point for the project. The pa- per covers protocols, construction drawings and assembly methods developed to allow for the incorporation and of large building toler- ances and dimensional variation of bamboo. The final as-built 3d scanned structure is compared with the original digital model. The pa- per concludes by discussing the necessity of computational architec- tural design to proactively operate within a field of real-world inde- terminacy, to focus on the development of protocols that deal with imperfections, and to redirect design from the virtual world towards the latent opportunities of the physical.
keywords Bamboo; bending-active gridshells; physics simulation; form-finding; indeterminacy
series CAADRIA
last changed 2016/03/11 09:21

_id caadria2018_008
id caadria2018_008
authors Crolla, Kristof, Cheng, Paul Hung Hon, Chan, Ding Yuen Shan, Chan, Arthur Ngo Foon and Lau, Darwin
year 2018
title Inflatable Architecture Production with Cable-Driven Robots
source T. Fukuda, W. Huang, P. Janssen, K. Crolla, S. Alhadidi (eds.), Learning, Adapting and Prototyping - Proceedings of the 23rd CAADRIA Conference - Volume 1, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China, 17-19 May 2018, pp. 9-18
summary This paper argues for alternative methods for the in-situ integration of robotics in architectural construction. Rather than promoting off-site pre-fabrication through industrial robot applications, it advocates for suspended, light-weight, cable-driven robots that allow flexible and safe onsite implementation. This paper uses the topic of large-scale inflatable architectural realisation as a study case to test the application of such a robot, here with a laser-cutter as end-effecter. This preliminary study covers the design, development, prototyping, and practical testing of an inherently scale-less cable-driven laser-cutter setup. This setup allows for the non-size specific cutting of inflatable structures' components which can be designed with common physics simulation engines. The developed robotic proof of concept forms the basis for several further and future study possibilities that merge the field of architectural design and implementation with mechanical and automation engineering.
keywords Cable-driven robots; In-situ robotic fabrication; Large-scale fabrication; Inflatable architecture; Cross-disciplinarily
series CAADRIA
last changed 2018/05/17 07:07

_id caadria2019_242
id caadria2019_242
authors Davidová, Marie
year 2019
title Intelligent Informed Landscapes - The Eco-Systemic Prototypical Interventions' Generative and Iterative Co-Designing Co-Performances, Agencies and Processes
source M. Haeusler, M. A. Schnabel, T. Fukuda (eds.), Intelligent & Informed - Proceedings of the 24th CAADRIA Conference - Volume 2, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand, 15-18 April 2019, pp. 151-160
summary The work fights for a shift from Anthropocene in urban environment through both, analogue and digital eco-systemic prototypical urban interventions, mixing biological as well as digital performances of post-digital landscape. It directly engages with the local human and non-human communities as well as it offers its online recipes and codes for DIY local iterations tagged in public space. Such intelligent and informed cultural landscape therefore covers several multi-layered generative and iterative agencies for its self-development.
keywords Systemic Approach to Architectural Performance; Intelligent Informed Landscapes; Post-Anthropocene; Eco-Systemic Prototypical Urban Interventions ; DIY
series CAADRIA
type normal paper
last changed 2019/05/06 07:08

_id sigradi2009_774
id sigradi2009_774
authors de Souza, Raphael Argento; André Soares Monat
year 2009
title Visualização da Informação em meio telejornalístico: Uma abordagem sob a ótica do design [Information Visualization in the news television: An approach under the design sight]
source SIGraDi 2009 - Proceedings of the 13th Congress of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics, Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 16-18, 2009
summary This article proposes a classification, under the Visualization Information point of view, of infographics broadcasted in the brazilian news television. To achieve this purpose these so called motion graphics were analised under the basis formed by three main authors: Tufte (1997), Bertin (1977) and Spence (2007), whose theories are in this article compared to the digital means of the motion graphics. With these theoretical foundation and the analisys of two hundred motion graphics broadcasted in the brazilian news television, we achieved a classification which covers every type of these motion graphics, hoping it becomes a basis for the study of these projects.
keywords Design; information visualization; television infographics, motion graphics; information design
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id sigradi2014_079
id sigradi2014_079
authors Delatorre, Vivian; Alice Theresinha Cybis Pereira
year 2014
title BIM no currículo de Arquitetura: Visões e reflexões para uma implementação
source SiGraDi 2014 [Proceedings of the 18th Conference of the Iberoamerican Society of Digital Graphics - ISBN: 978-9974-99-655-7] Uruguay - Montevideo 12 - 14 November 2014, pp. 375-379
summary The BIM is being gradually incorporated in education. Based on national and international reports, experiences have shown that it is not only the insertion of a technology applied to project development and construction, but it also covers significant changes involving people and processes that require collaborative, interdisciplinary and integrated practices. In this context, a study for the implementation of BIM, considering the particularities of the Architecture and Urbanism course at Unochapecó University was developed, once the curriculum is written based on these discussions. The teachers involved were interviewed for get different views on the subject and to seek contributions.
keywords BIM (Building Information Modeling); Education; Architecture
series SIGRADI
last changed 2016/03/10 08:50

_id e3d1
authors Dodge, Richard
year 1998
title What a Difference a Tool Makes:The Evolution of a Computer Design Studio
source Computerised Craftsmanship [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Paris (France) 24-26 September 1998
summary What a Difference a Tool Makes : discoveries made during the evolution of the Advanced Design Studio (a.k.a. 'working drawings') at the University of Texas at Austin since the time this core course was switched to computers, when student design teams were provided with computers and required to use them for design and presentation. Covers the period from the course?s inception in 1991 to the present, during which the course has been under the continuing aegis of Professor Richard Dodge, who has taught design since 1967. Contrapuntal presentation by Professor Dodge and co-instructor and former student Marla Smith: what was done, what worked, and what went wrong. Discusses students, faculty, hardware, software, design problems assigned, and the most educational computer-related catastrophes.
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/09/26 08:44

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