CumInCAD is a Cumulative Index about publications in Computer Aided Architectural Design
supported by the sibling associations ACADIA, CAADRIA, eCAADe, SIGraDi, ASCAAD and CAAD futures

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_id ecaade2015_87
id ecaade2015_87
authors Angelova, Desislava; Dierichs, Karola and Menges, Achim
year 2015
title Graded Light in Aggregate Structures - Modulating the daylight in designed granular systems using online controlled robotic processes
source Martens, B, Wurzer, G, Grasl T, Lorenz, WE and Schaffranek, R (eds.), Real Time - Proceedings of the 33rd eCAADe Conference - Volume 2, Vienna University of Technology, Vienna, Austria, 16-18 September 2015, pp. 399-406
summary The research project proposes an online-controlled robotic process that allows for grading light in aggregate structures using photometric analysis. It investigates the potential of designing specific daylight qualities through the behaviour-based robotic fabrication of the aggregate system. Two key methods are developed: the digital fabrication of the structure and a photometric analysis technique which is used as a sensor input for the robotic sensory interface. In its first part, the paper presents a series of photometric experiments on aggregate wall- and dome-structures. In its second part, the focus is laid on robotic manufacturing of these aggregate structures and the interactive fabrication of specific light conditions. To conclude further areas of research into emergent design processes with aggregates are outlined.
wos WOS:000372316000046
series eCAADe
email angelova.des@gmail.com
more https://mh-engage.ltcc.tuwien.ac.at/engage/ui/watch.html?id=4161e07e-6fe8-11e5-baaf-1fc96b3e1b94
last changed 2016/05/16 09:08

_id e10e
authors Billon, R. and Rocca, R.
year 1983
title Comprendre KEOPS: Logiciel de conception assistee par ordinateur en architecture
source Proceedings of the International Conference eCAADe [European Computer Aided Architectural Design Education] Brussels (Belgium) 1983, pp. III.19-III.35
summary En informatique graphique, la méthode la plus courante pour saisir un bâtiment consiste à dêcrire et à stocker en base de données les "pleins": les murs, planchers, composants. Cette procédure est vite fastidieuse, et ne permet pas réellement une véritable conception assistée par ordinateur. KEOPS expérimente une autre méthode qui consiste à décrire l'esquisse par ses "vides", c'est-à-dire les volumes des locaux en trois dimensions. Le logiciel opère automatiquement la transformation "filaire" en composants et ouvrages du bâtiment en exploitant un savoir technologique. Le benéfice? La réduction spectaculaire du temps de saisie et un logiciel de C.A.O. enfin opérationnel en bâtiment.
series eCAADe
more http://www.marseille.archi.fr
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id cf2009_288
id cf2009_288
authors Bourbonnais, Sébastien
year 2009
title L’invention possible des architectures numériques. Recours aux images: du modèle à la construction; The possible invention of digital architectures. Use of images: From a model to the construction
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, PUM, 2009, pp. 288-300
summary Computer-Aided Design (CAD) has become more and more part of the common architectural practice. Some designers have explored (in the past) different aspects, especially formal ones, allowed by these new information technologies. This paper’s goal is to explore the invention that would be specific to this new architectural practice. The hypothesis is to go back to the specificity of the image and to examine its evolution. This analysis will be done with reference to the « cycle of images » of the French philosopher Gilbert Simondon, described by means of stages and levels. This particular way of thinking will allow us, besides an overview of all those images in a genetic diagram, to reveal what can enable the passage from one level to another. We call this : “invention”.
keywords CAD, images, exploratory architectures
series CAAD Futures
type normal paper
email sebastien.bourbonnais@gmail.com
last changed 2009/06/09 05:12

_id 0fc8
authors Boutros, N., Sehad, T. and Constans, A.
year 1998
title Aujourd'hui, entre l'agence et l'école, quelle utilisation des nouvelles technologies de l'information - Histoire d'une méthode
source Computerised Craftsmanship [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Paris (France) 24-26 September 1998, pp. 9-15
summary Nous proposons notre future méthodologie pédagogique de l'informatique fondée sur l'expérimentation d'un séminaire de 3ème cycle, aboutissement d'un enseignement qui commence dès la première année d'étude. Cette excursion comme dans un circuit organisé vous emmènera d'une agence d'architectes, aux cours d'informatique graphique de l'école d'architecture. Il y aura ensuite une pause « recherche » sur la méthodologie d'enseignement en exploitant de nombreux outils des nouvelles technologies de l'information - des expérimentations diverses ont eu lieu avec des équipes de recherche de la faculté polytechnique de Turin (Italie) et du centre d'études archéologiques d'Alexandrie (Egypte) - pour enfin arriver à notre destination, l'accès à l'information pour développer un projet architectural, une méthode pour une nouvelle génération.
series eCAADe
email Nader.Boutros@evcau.archi.fr, Tayeb.Sehad@evcau.archi.fr, Alain.Constans@evcau.archi.fr
more http://www.paris-valdemarne.archi.fr/archive/ecaade98/html/41boutros/index.htm
last changed 2003/11/21 14:16

_id 629a
authors Brunetta, Vincent
year 1997
title EXPLORER A Procedural Modeler Based on Architectural Knowledge
source AVOCAAD First International Conference [AVOCAAD Conference Proceedings / ISBN 90-76101-01-09] Brussels (Belgium) 10-12 April 1997, pp. 125-133
summary Cet article est consacré à la modélisation procédurale de configurations architecturales. Les outils de CAO actuels reproduisent et figent la pratique traditionelle du projet architectural, leurs modèles de représentation sous-jacents sont considérablement éloignés de la représentation usuelle de l'objet architectural. Il nous apparaît que les modes d'accès et de constitution "alternatifs" du modèle informatique (description textuelle et modélisation procédurale) représentent un champ d'expérimentation privilégié susceptible de questionner ces problèmes de représentation du savoir architectural. Nous commencerons par l'examen de modélisations par description textuelle (notamment de façades néoclassiques et de l'architecture palladienne) pour ensuite nous intéresser à une série de modélisations procédurales à base de connaissances architecturales. Nous verrons enfin comment cette réflexion, dans un cadre pédagogique, confronte nos étudiants à la fois à l'analyse architecturale, à une approche de la programmation structurée ou orientée-objet ainsi qu'à une utilisation "critique" des outils de conception assistée.
series AVOCAAD
last changed 2005/09/09 08:48

_id e885
authors Brunetta, Vincent
year 1998
title Analyse architecturale et infographie
source Computerised Craftsmanship [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Paris (France) 24-26 September 1998, pp. 239-252
summary Dans cet article, nous nous intéresserons à trois expériences pédagogiques dans le cadre de l'enseignement de l'infographie. Il s'agit de montrer que l'infographie et l'histoire de l'architecture, champs apparemment distincts, peuvent faire l'objet d'approches transversales. Nous commencerons par l?examen de la modélisation par description textuelle pour ensuite nous intéresser à la modélisation procédurale à base de connaissances architecturales. Ces modes d?accès et de constitution "alternatifs" de modèles infographiques représentent un moyen privilégié de confronter la modélisation infographique à l'analyse architecturale notamment par le biais de la modélisation du savoir architectural. Nous verrons comment ces exercices confrontent nos étudiants à la fois à l'analyse architecturale, à une approche de la programmation structurée ou orientée-objet ainsi qu'à une utilisation "critique" des outils de conception assistée. Nous terminerons par une expérience d'animation infographique qui questionne la pertinence de l'image de synthèse comme support à l'analyse architecturale et à la communication de celle-ci.
series eCAADe
more http://www.paris-valdemarne.archi.fr/archive/ecaade98/html/24brunetta/index.htm
last changed 1998/09/25 17:04

_id 69f5
authors Chan, C., Maves, J. and Cruz-Neira, C.
year 1999
title An Electronic Library for Teaching Architectural History
source CAADRIA '99 [Proceedings of The Fourth Conference on Computer Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia / ISBN 7-5439-1233-3] Shanghai (China) 5-7 May 1999, pp. 335-344
summary This research project developed an electronic library of significant buildings chosen to represent seven selected periods of Western architectural history: Egyptian (Mortuary temple of Queen Hatshepsut), Greek (Parthenon), Roman (Pantheon), Romanesque (Speyer Cathedral), Gothic (Notre Dame Cathedral), Renaissance (Tempietto), and Modern (Des Moines Art Center). All buildings were reconstructed in their original or intended forms based on plans, drawings, photographs, and historical texts. Two products were generated by this project: (1) materials to be displayed on the World Wide Web, including rendered still images for perception, movies for a visual guide, and Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) models for user navigation; and (2) virtual reality (VR) models to be displayed in the C2 (an improved version of the Cave Automatic Virtual Environment or CAVE facility). The benefits of these VR models displayed on the Web and in the C2 are their easy accessibility at any time from various geographic locations and the immersive experience that enhances viewersÌ understanding of the effects of spatial proportions on form and of colors on materials.
series CAADRIA
more http://archvr.design.iastate.edu/miller
last changed 2000/01/13 11:23

_id 9d16
authors Chan, Chiu-Shui
year 2000
title A Virtual Reality Tool to Implement City Building Codes on Capitol View Preservation
source Eternity, Infinity and Virtuality in Architecture [Proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference of the Association for Computer-Aided Design in Architecture / 1-880250-09-8] Washington D.C. 19-22 October 2000, pp. 203-209
summary In urban planning, the urban environment is a very complicated system with many layers of building codes cross-referenced and interacting together to guide urban growth. Especially, if a new urban design is located in a historical area, additional restrictions will be imposed upon regular zoning regulations to maintain the area’s historical characteristics. Often, urban regulations read as text are difficult to understand. A tool that generates adequate urban information and a quick visualization of the design will ease decision-making and enhance urban design processes. The goal of this research project is to develop a virtual reality (VR) tool with high resolution, speedy computation, and a userfriendly environment. This project initiates an interactive visualization tool to enforce city-planning regulations on viewing access to the state capitol building in Des Moines, Iowa. The capitol building houses the Iowa Legislature and is a symbol of state power. Maintaining the view from surrounding areas will preserve the building’s monumental and symbolic meaning. To accomplish this, the City Community Development Department and the Capitol Planning Committee developed a Capitol View Corridor Project, which sets up seven visual corridors to prevent the view toward the capitol from being blocked by any future designs. Because city regulations are not easy for the public and designers to interpret and comprehend, this project intends to develop a VR tool to create a transparent environment for visualizing the city ordinances.
series ACADIA
last changed 2002/08/03 05:50

_id cf2009_472
id cf2009_472
authors Ciblac, Thierry
year 2009
title L’analyse dimensionnelle comme aide à l’optimisation en phase de conception architecturale: applications à des cas de structures; Dimensional analysis as support toward optimization in architectural conception phase: applications to structural cases
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, PUM, 2009, pp. 472- 486
summary One of the research ways carried out in the ARIAM-LAREA laboratory aims at giving to architects computing tools for early evaluation of structures. A particular approach uses dimensional analysis and similitude properties in order to define parameter variation laws. Such laws are illustrated by analytical cases using the theory of strength of materials. For complex structures, a heuristic is proposed to give indications of parameter variation influence on mechanical behavior. Some applications are presented for early determination of structural size and limit values, using computations by finite element method.
keywords Structure, design, dimensional analysis, similitude
series CAAD Futures
email tciblac@paris-lavillette.archi.fr
last changed 2009/06/08 18:53

_id 4c16
authors Clayssen, Dominique and Porada, Mikhael
year 1998
title Technologies de l'information et espace urbain
source Computerised Craftsmanship [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Paris (France) 24-26 September 1998, pp. 31-37
summary Cette étude se situe dans la perspective d'une profonde mutation du savoir faire architectural, qui évolue tout au long du XXème siècle d'un art de la composition à un art de la dé-construction. Cette évolution est la conséquence de l'évolution symétrique de l'espace urbain, de sa géométrie fondée sur le point de vue unique à une géométrie des points de vues multiples, du programme plannificateur à l'esquisse programmatique créant simultanément le programme et le projet. Nous expérimentons l'utilisation d'hyperdocuments avec un groupe d'étudiants de 3éme cycles sur le thème de l'enseignement du projet urbain.
series eCAADe
more http://www.paris-valdemarne.archi.fr/archive/ecaade98/html/36clayssen/index.htm
last changed 1998/09/26 08:37

_id 68ce
authors De Buhren, Christian
year 1997
title Expertise CAO et Conseil Organisationnel: diagnostic precautions gestion du changement
source AVOCAAD First International Conference [AVOCAAD Conference Proceedings / ISBN 90-76101-01-09] Brussels (Belgium) 10-12 April 1997, pp. 163-186
summary Dans un bureau d'architectes ou un bureau d'études, le choix d'un logiciel d'informatique graphique n'est pas sans incidences sur l'organisation du travail. On constate, à titre d'exemple, que l'autonomie des utilisateurs augmente en même temps que la coordination des activités par le dirigeant est rendue plus difficile. Pour augmenter son avantage concurrentiel, des changements dans le mode de gestion de l'organisation doivent être mis en place. Construite dans l'esprit des normes ISO 9000 (normes internationales sur le management et l'assurance de la qualité) nous vous proposons une méthodologie pratique d'intervention. Un produit directement opérationnel élaboré sur la base d'une haute compétence technique et de savoirs acquins en organisation d'entreprises.
series AVOCAAD
last changed 2005/09/09 08:48

_id 75d6
id 75d6
authors Derix, C and Gamlesaeter, A
year 2012
title Behavioural Prototypes In Spatial Design Computation
source In Petruschat and Adenauer (eds), Neue Formen des Prototypings in Gestaltungsprozessen, Form+Zweck, Berlin, 2012
summary Architects by profession, Christian Derix and Asmund Gamlesæter are interested in expanding the capabilities of digital technology to inform, support and enrich the design process in architecture and spatial planning. The computational prototypes they develop range from form studies to visualization of complex processes in spatial planning such as movement behaviors of people in a city. They work analytically as well as generatively and the approach is deeply affected by the understanding that computing systems should not define solutions but offer creative freedom and create a symbiosis between the designer and the algorithmic intelligence. They are rather designed to help the designer view the design problem and consequences of decisions from different perspectives. Encouraging the designer to play through different narratives. They are rather tools for thinking through multiple solutions and allow the designer to play with the possibilities. The generation of the final design is inspired and validated by the tools but remains in the hands of the designer.
keywords algorithmic behaviour, design evolution, computational design
series book
type normal paper
email christian.derix@aedas.com
more http://www.formundzweck.de/de/buecher/prototype-physical-virtual-hybrid-smart/beschreibung.html
last changed 2012/09/20 12:12

_id cf2009_083
id cf2009_083
authors El-Khoury, Nada; De Paoli, Giovanni
year 2009
title Compréhension, communication et gestion de l’esprit du lieu : patrimoine et stratégies de développement durable à l’aide des TIC; The understanding, communication and management of the spirit of the location: ICT supported heritage and sustainable development strategies
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, PUM, 2009, pp. 83-94
summary The research results presented in this article propose, with the aid of Information and Communication Technologies and 3D digital modeling, the creation of a communications platform to promote the acquisition of knowledge and to support the management of “sustainable development”. These initiatives are essential if sustainable development practices want to make significant progress. The digital environment proposed, which is by nature multidisciplinary, allows for an efficient collaboration between different disciplines concerned with heritage challenges. The purpose of this study is to understand, communicate, manage and envisage heritage within the optic of sustainable development.
keywords ICT, collaborative work space, wiki, 3D modeling, sustainable development, heritage
series CAAD Futures
email nada.el.khoury@umontreal.ca
last changed 2009/06/08 18:53

_id 0446
authors Fasse, Isabelle
year 1998
title La modélisation de projets architecturaux comme support d'analyse d'oeuvres architecturale
source Computerised Craftsmanship [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Paris (France) 24-26 September 1998, pp. 72-77
summary A l'heure où l'ordinateur n'est pas seulement utilisé comme instrument de dessin mais de plus en plus mis à contribution comme outil d'aide à la conception, l'approche de l'informatique en Ecole d'Architecture demande une pédagogie adaptée aux disciplines enseignées qui va au delà de l'apprentissage de l'utilisation du matériel et des logiciels. Le travail demandé en 4ème année aux étudiants de l'école d'architecture de Marseille Luminy repose sur l'analyse d'un projet architectural pris dans l'oeuvre d'un architecte de leur choix. Cette analyse doit amener les étudiants à proposer une méthode de travail basée sur les outils informatiques mis à leur disposition qui les aide par la saisie et la représentation informatique du projet, à formuler et évaluer les hypothèses de conception qui ont menées à la réalisation du projet étudié. Cette approche basée sur l'analyse du projet ouvre la perspective de l'utilisation de l'outil informatique dans les étapes de l'analyse, de la conception et de la communication d'un projet.
series eCAADe
more http://www.paris-valdemarne.archi.fr/archive/ecaade98/html/12fasse/index.htm
last changed 2003/03/05 12:15

_id cf2009_037
id cf2009_037
authors Forgues, Daniel; Eugenie, Yoann
year 2009
title Un « collaboratoire » comme nouveau contexte pour la transformation des pratiques via la technologie; A "collaboratory" as a new context for transforming practices through technology
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, PUM, 2009, pp. 37-50
summary Building design is today a major social, economic and environmental challenge. Design is also a source of innovation and an important economic driving force that requires the collaboration of professionals from various fields of expertise. But the traditional linear approach in design has shown its limits, and it often leads to non optimal design solutions and buildings with inadequate performances. This paper aims to validate a computer supported collaborative workspace that facilitates the participation, in an integrated approach, of the various members of a construction project team. The goal of the research is to be part of the evolution of work practices in design.
keywords Integrated design, collaborative workspace, task performance
series CAAD Futures
type normal paper
email x.wang@arch.usyd.edu.au
last changed 2009/06/09 05:11

_id da71
id da71
authors Horne, Margaret
year 2004
title Visualisation of Martyr’s Square, Beirut
source CONVR2005 5th Conference of Construction Applications of Virtual Reality, ADETTI/ISCTE, Durham, UK, 12-13 September 2005
summary Solidere, a Lebanese joint-stock company, was created by government decree in 1994 to reconstruct Beirut city-centre. The company, a form of public-private partnership, has a majority share holding of former owners and tenants of city-centre property. Several projects are underway, including the redevelopment of Place des Martyrs, once the bustling heart of Beirut but badly damaged during the war. Urban planners in Beirut have recently developed a 3D computer model to visually describe the spatial characteristics of Martyr’s Square and its context, prior to inviting design proposals for an international competition. This paper describes issues pertaining to the development of the model to meet the needs of urban designers and town planners. It also considers potential future uses of the simulation, outlining areas for further research and development.
keywords Beirut, 3D Modelling, Visual Simulation, Town Planning
series other
type normal paper
email m.horne@unn.ac.uk
last changed 2006/06/08 20:10

_id 489e
authors Jolliet, Aimé and Quincerot, Richard
year 1987
title Video et Architecture
source Architectural Education and the Information Explosion [eCAADe Conference Proceedings] Zurich (Switzerland) 5-7 September 1987.
summary L'institution architecturale est organisée à partir du postulat d'une incommunicabilité de l'architecture ("I'espace indicible" de Le Corbusier, par exemple), ce qui ne facilite pas l'enseignement ni l'exercice professionnel. Comme l'ont montré divers travaux théoriques, ce postulat n'a rien de nécessaire, bien qu'il joue un rôle institutionnel historiquement situé. Une activité pratique de communication de l'architecture par la vidéo conduit à la même conclusion: bien des opportunités existent d'exploiter les techniques médiatiques contemporaines pour les mettre au service de l'architecture, de son enseignement et des pratiques professionnelles. La présentation s'appuie sur quinze ans d'expérience d'enseignement et de production de vidéos dans l'Ecole d'architecture de l'Université de Genève ayant permis la réalisation d'une centaine d'émissions sur l'architecture, la construction et l'urbanisme.
series eCAADe
last changed 1998/09/18 07:05

_id cf2009_443
id cf2009_443
authors Juchmes, Roland; Delfosse, Vincent; Safin, Stéphane and Leclercq, Pierre
year 2009
title Spécification géométrique des concepts architecturaux dans le cadre de la thermique du bâtiment; Geometrical specification of architectural concepts in the context of building’s thermodynamics
source T. Tidafi and T. Dorta (eds) Joining Languages, Cultures and Visions: CAADFutures 2009, PUM, 2009, pp. 443-457
summary This study is interested in the attribution of technological properties to geometrical elements in a 3D architectural modeler. We propose an original method based on the principle of semantic groupings of faces by geometrical requests. We describe the method and the results of interviews led with architects to identify the relevant groupings, then we list the simple geometrical requests developed within the modeler for the selection of these groupings and we report the efficiency of the method on a case. We conclude by the benefits and limits of our method.
keywords 3D modeling, semantic grouping, geometric requests, building physics
series CAAD Futures
type normal paper
email r.juchmes@ulg.ac.be
last changed 2009/06/09 05:13

_id 6ab7
authors Korson, Tim and McGregor, John D.
year 1990
title Understanding Object- Oriented : A Unifying Paradigm
source Communications of the ACM September, 1990. vol. 33: pp. 40-60. includes bibliography.
summary The purpose of this paper is to introduce terminology, concepts and basic techniques surrounding the object-oriented paradigm. software / OOPS / programming. 63. Koskela, Lauri, Raija Hynynen and Martti Kallavuo, et al. 'Expert Systems in Construction - Initial Experiences.' CAD and Robotics in Architecture and Construction, Proceedings of the International Joint Conference = CAO et Robotique en Architecture et B.T.P. Actes des Journees Internationales. June, 1986. Paris: Hermes, pp. 167-176. includes bibliography and abstracts in French and English. This paper describes development of expert systems for construction applications in the Laboratory of Building Economics of the Technical Research Centre of Finland. Five small expert systems are described. Experiences gained in the development work are evaluated. The future significance of expert systems for the construction industry is discussed, and an approach towards expert systems to be adopted by organizations in the construction industry is suggested
keywords construction, applications, economics, expert systems, knowledge, evaluation, analysis
series CADline
last changed 2003/06/02 08:24

_id 3a28
authors Laiserin, Jerry
year 2002
title From atelier to e-telier: virtual design studios
source Architectural Record
summary The design studio, as physical place and pedagogical method, is the core of architectural education. Ateliers clustered around rue Napoleon in Paris defined the École des Beaux Arts. The Carnegie Endowment report on architectural education, published in 1996, identified a comparably central role for studios in schools today. From programs, schemes, and parti to desk crits, pin-ups, and charrettes-language and behavior learned in the studio establish the profession's cultural framework. Advances in CAD and visualization, combined with technologies to communicate images, data, and "live" action, now enable virtual dimensions of studio experience. Students no longer need gather at the same time and place to tackle the same design problem. Critics can comment over the network or by e-mail, and distinguished jurors can make virtual visits without being in the same room as the pin-up-if there is a pin-up (or a room). Virtual design studios (VDS) have the potential to favor collaboration over competition, diversify student experiences, and redistribute the intellectual resources of architectural education across geographic and socioeconomic divisions. The catch is predicting whether VDS will isolate students from a sense of place and materiality, or if it will provide future architects the tools to reconcile communication environments and physical space.
series journal paper
last changed 2003/04/23 13:50

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